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Full text of "Atlas of New World marsupials"

1DJANA 



590.5 
Fln.s. 
no. 102 



Zoology 



NEW SERIES, NO. 102 



Atlas of New World Marsupials 

Barbara E. Brown 



January 30, 2004 
Publication 1527 



PUBLISHED BY FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY 



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JMM/FQi 



JMIIKMS 



FIELDIANA 



Zoology 

NEW SERIES, NO. 102 



Atlas of New World Marsupials 



Barbara E. Brown 

Division of Mammals 

Department of Zoology 

Field Museum of Natural History 

1400 South Lake Shore Drive 

Chicago, Illinois 60605-2496 

U.S.A. 



Accepted October 23, 2002 BIOLOGY LIBRARY 
Published January 30, 2004 BURRILL HALL 
Publication 1527 A __ ,, - 

SEP 1 2004 



PUBLISHED BY FIELD MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY 



2004 Field Museum of Natural History 

ISSN 0015-0754 

PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 






Table of Contents 



Introduction 1 

Acknowledgments 2 



The synonymies follow: 

I. Order Didelphimorphia 4 

Family Didelphidae Gray, 1821 4 

Subfamily Caluromyinae Kirsch, 1977 4 

Genus Caluromys J. A. Allen, 1900 4 

Caluromys derbianus (Waterhouse, 1 84 1 ) 4 

Caluromys lanatus (Olfers, 1818) 8 

Caluromys philander (Linnaeus, 1758) 12 

Genus Caluromysiops, Sanborn, 1951 14 

Caluromysiops irrupta Sanborn, 1951 14 

Genus Glironia Thomas, 1912 14 

Glironia venusta Thomas, 1912 14 

Subfamily Didelphinae Gray, 1821 16 

Genus Chironectes Illiger, 1811 16 

Chironectes minimus (Zimmermann, 1780) 17 

Genus Didelphis Linnaeus, 1758 22 

Didelphis albiventris Lund, 1841 22 

Didelphis aurita Wied-Neuwied, 1826 30 

Didelphis marsupialis Linnaeus, 1758 31 

Didelphis virginiana Kerr, 1792 40 

Genus Gracilinanus Gardner and Creighton, 1989 41 

Gracilinanus aceramarcae (Tate, 1 93 1 ) 41 

Gracilinanus agilis (Burmeister, 1854) 41 

Gracilinanus dryas (Thomas, 1898) 44 

Gracilinanus emiliae (Thomas, 1909) 46 

Gracilinanus marica (Thomas, 1898) 47 

Gracilinanus microtarsus (Wagner, 1842) 48 

Gracilinanus perijae Hershkovitz, 1 992 49 

Genus Hyladelphys (Voss, 2001) 49 

Hyladelphys kalinowskii (Hershkovitz, 1992) 49 

Genus Lestodelphys Tate, 1934 49 

Lestodelphys halli (Thomas, 1921) 50 

Genus Lutreolina Thomas, 1910 50 

Lutreolina crassicaudata (Desmarest, 1804) 51 

Genus Marmosa Gray, 1821 54 

Marmosa andersoni Pine, 1972 56 

Marmosa canescens (J. A. Allen, 1893) 58 

Marmosa lepida (Thomas, 1888) 59 

Marmosa mexicana Merriam, 1897 59 

Marmosa murina (Linnaeus, 1758) 60 

Marmosa robinsoni Bangs, 1898 65 

Marmosa rubra Tate, 1931 68 

Marmosa tyleriana Tate, 1931 68 



Marmosa xerophila Handley and Gordon, 1979 69 

Genus Marmosops Matschie, 1916 69 

Marmosops bishopi (Pine, 1981) 69 

Marmosops cracens Handley and Gordon, 1979 70 

Marmosops dorothea (Thomas, 1911) 70 

Marmosops fuscatus (Thomas, 1896) 71 

Marmosops handleyi Pine, 1981 74 

Marmosops impavidus (Tschudi, 1844) 74 

Marmosops incanus (Lund, 1840) 77 

Marmosops invictus (Goldman, 1912) 79 

Marmosops juninensis (Tate. 1 93 1 ) 80 

Marmosops neblina (Gardner, 1990) 80 

Marmosops noctivagus (Tschudi, 1845) 80 

Marmosops panidens (Tate, 1 93 1 ) 83 

Marmosops paulensis (Tate, 1 93 1 ) 85 

Marmosops pinheiroi (Pine, 1981) 85 

Genus Metachirus Burmeister, 1854 86 

Metachirus nudicaudatus (E. Geoffrey, 1 803) 87 

Genus Micoureus Lesson, 1842 92 

Micoureus alstoni (J. A. Allen, 1900) 93 

Micoureus constantiae (Thomas, 1904) 93 

Micoureus demerarae (Thomas, 1905) 95 

Micoureus regina (Thomas. 1898) 100 

Genus Monodelphis Burnett, 1830 [1829] 101 

Monodelphis adusta (Thomas, 1897) 102 

Monodelphis americana (Mullen 1776) 102 

Monodelphis brevicaudata (Erxleben, 1777) 104 

Monodelphis brevicaudis Olfers. 1818 107 

Monodelphis dimidiata (Wagner, 1847) 107 

Monodelphis domestica (Wagner, 1 842) 110 

Monodelphis emiliae (Thomas, 1912) Ill 

Monodelphis glirina (Wagner, 1 842) Ill 

Monodelphis iheringi (Thomas, 1 888) 113 

Monodelphis kunsi Pine, 1975 114 

Monodelphis maraxina Thomas, 1 923 114 

Monodelphis osgoodi Doutt, 1 938 114 

Monodelphis palliolata (Osgood, 1914) 116 

Monodelphis rubida (Thomas, 1 899) 117 

Monodelphis scalops (Thomas, 1 888) 118 

Monodelphis sorex (Hensel, 1 872) 118 

Monodelphis theresa Thomas, 1921 120 

Monodelphis unistriata (Wagner, 1842) 120 

Genus Philander Brisson, 1 762 121 

Philander andersoni (Osgood, 1913) 1 22 

Philander frenata (Olfers, 1818) 124 

Philander mcilhennyi Gardner and Patton, 1 972 127 

Philander opossum (Linnaeus, 1 758) 1 29 

Genus Thylamys Gray, 1843 137 

Thylamys elegans (Waterhouse, 1839) 137 

Thylamys macrura (Olfers, 1818) 139 

Thylamys pallidior (Thomas, 1902) 140 

Thylamys pusilla (Desmarest, 1 804) 143 

Thylamys velutinus (Wagner, 1842) 145 

Thylamys venustus (Thomas, 1902) 145 



II. Order Paucituberculata 147 

Family Caenolestidae Trouessart, 1898 147 

Genus Caenolestes Thomas, 1895 147 

Caenolestes caniventer Anthony, 192 1 147 

Caenolestes condorensis Albuja and Patterson, 1996 148 

Caenolestes convelatus Anthony, 1924 148 

Caenolestes fuliginosus (Tomes, 1863) 148 

Genus Lestoros Oehser, 1 934 151 

Lestoros inca (Thomas, 1917) 151 

Genus Rhyncholestes Osgood, 1924 152 

Rhyncholestes raphanurus Osgood, 1924 152 

III. Order Microbiotheria 153 

Family Microbiotheriidae Ameghino, 1887 153 

Genus Dromiciops Thomas, 1894 153 

Dromiciops gliroides Thomas, 1894 153 

Literature Cited 156 

Gazetteer of Collecting Localities 176 



List of Maps 



1 . Distribution of the genus Caluromys in Central America 4 

2. Distribution of the genus Caluromys in southern Central America 5 

3. Distribution of Caluromys derbianus in Central America and 

South America 7 

4. Distribution of Caluromys lanatus 11 

5. Distribution of Caluromys philander 15 

6. Distribution of Caluromysiops irrupta 16 

7. Distribution of Glironia venusta 17 

8. Distribution of Chironectes minimus in Central America 20 

9. Distribution of Chironectes minimus in South America 21 

10. Distribution of the genus Didelphis in Central America 23 

1 1 . Distribution of the genus Didelphis in southern Central and South America ... 24 

12. Distribution of Didelphis albiventris in South America 28 

1 3. Distribution of Didelphis aurita in South America 32 

14. Distribution of Didelphis marsupialis in Central America 36 

15. Distribution of Didelphis marsupialis in South America 37 

1 6. Distribution of the genus Gracilinanus 42 

1 7. Distribution of Gracilinanus aceramarcae 43 

1 8. Distribution of Gracilinanus agilis 45 

19. Distribution of Gracilinanus dryas 46 

20. Distribution of Gracilinanus emiliae 47 

2 1 . Distribution of Gracilinanus marica 48 

22. Distribution of Gracilinanus microtarsus 50 

23. Distribution of Gracilinanus perijae 51 

24. Distribution of Hyladelphys kalinowskii 52 

25. Distribution of Lestodelphys halli 53 

26. Distribution of Lutreolina crassicaudata 55 

27. Distribution of the genus Marmosa in Central America 56 

28. Distribution of the genus Marmosa in South America 57 

29. Distribution of Marmosa andersoni 58 



30. Distribution of Marmosa canescens 59 

3 1 . Distribution of Marmosa lepida 60 

32. Distribution of Marmosa mexicana 61 

33. Distribution of Marmosa murina 66 

34. Distribution of Marmosa robinsoni 69 

35. Distribution of Marmosa rubra 70 

36. Distribution of Marmosa tyleriana 71 

37. Distribution of Marmosa xerophila 72 

38. Distribution of the genus Marmosops 73 

39. Distribution of Marmosops bishopi 74 

40. Distribution of Marmosops cracens 75 

41. Distribution of Marmosops dorothea 76 

42. Distribution of Marmosops fuscatus 77 

43. Distribution of Marmosops handleyi 78 

44. Distribution of Marmosops impavidus 79 

45. Distribution of Marmosops incanus 80 

46. Distribution of Marmosops invictus 81 

47. Distribution of Marmosops juninensis 82 

48. Distribution of Marmosops nebllna 83 

49. Distribution of Marmosops noctivagus 84 

50. Distribution of Marmosops parvidens 85 

5 1 . Distribution of Marmosops paulensis 86 

52. Distribution of Marmosops pinheiroi 87 

53. Distribution of Metachirus nudicaudatus 90 

54. Distribution of the genus Micoureus 94 

55. Distribution of Micoureus alstoni 95 

56. Distribution of Micoureus constantiae 96 

57. Distribution of Micoureus demerarae 99 

58. Distribution of Micoureus regina 101 

59. Distribution of the genus Monodelphis 103 

60. Distribution of Monodelphis adusta 1 04 

61. Distribution of Monodelphis americana 105 

62. Distribution of Monodelphis brevicaudata 1 08 

63. Distribution of Monodelphis brevicaudis 1 09 

64. Distribution of Monodelphis dimidiata 110 

65. Distribution of Monodelphis domestica 112 

66. Distribution of Monodelphis emiliae 113 

67. Distribution of Monodelphis iheringi 114 

68. Distribution of Monodelphis kunsi 115 

69. Distribution of Monodelphis maraxina 116 

70. Distribution of Monodelphis osgoodi 117 

7 1 . Distribution of Monodelphis palliolata 118 

72. Distribution of Monodelphis rubida 119 

73. Distribution of Monodelphis scalops 120 

74. Distribution of Monodelphis sorex 121 

75. Distribution of Monodelphis theresa 122 

76. Distribution of Monodelphis unistriata 123 

77. Distribution of the genus Philander in Central America 124 

78. Distribution of the genus Philander in South America 125 

79. Distribution of Philander andersoni 126 

80. Distribution of Philander frenata 128 

8 1 . Distribution of Philander mcilhennyi 1 29 

82. Distribution of Philander opossum in Central America 134 

83. Distribution of Philander opossum in South America 135 



84. 
85. 
86. 
87. 



89. 
90. 
91. 
92. 
93. 
94. 
95. 
96. 
97. 
98. 



Distribution 
Distribution 
Distribution 
Distribution 



88. Distribution 



Distribution 
Distribution 
Distribution 
Distribution 
Distribution 
Distribution 
Distribution 
Distribution 
Distribution 
Distribution 



of the genus Thylamys 138 

of Thylamys elegans 139 

of Thylamys macrura 140 

of Thylamys pallidior 142 

of Thylamys pusilla 144 

of Thylamys velutinus 146 

of Thylamys venustus 148 

of the genus Caenolestes 1 49 

of Caenolestes caniventer 150 

of Caenolestes condorensis 151 

of Caenolestes convelatus 152 

of Caenolestes fuliginosus 153 

of Lestoros inca 1 54 

of Rhyncholestes raphanurus 155 

of Dromiciops gliroides 156 



VII 



Atlas of New World Marsupials 

Barbara E. Brown 



Introduction 

Recent Neotropical marsupials now include 
three orders and at least 21 genera and 83 species. 
New species are still being discovered, and most 
groups stand in need of taxonomic revisions. 

New World marsupials range from Canada to 
Argentina and from the Atlantic to the Pacific 
Ocean. They inhabit every major biome, and a 
wide range of habitat types within them. Never- 
theless, their distributions are not well document- 
ed, and detailed taxonomic history and locality 
data have not previously been available in one 
publication. This atlas is intended fill that gap. 

The work was started in 1992 under the direc- 
tion of Philip Hershkovitz. Its modest goal was to 
determine whether Didelphis marsupialis and D. 
albiventris were anywhere sympatric. In Brazil, 
we found that even when the same localities were 
given for the two species, their elevational ranges 
differed, and, in the few cases where they were 
the same, the habitat was severely disturbed. Un- 
der Hershkovitz's aegis, the work grew to include 
the distribution of all the marsupials of South 
America, and then Central America and Mexico. 
Maps of locality records were also made only to 
the species level. Range maps can be found in the 
following publications: Emmons and Feer (1990), 
Streilein (1982a), and Ojeda and Giannoni (1997, 
draft copy). However, unpublished works by 
Hershkovitz (1997) and Patterson and Albuja 
were available to me in manuscript form and are 
included in pertinent accounts. Because Didelphis 
virginiana occurs from southern Canada south to 
northwestern Costa Rica, and because there are so 
many locality records, I decided not to include a 
range map of them. For a full account of the ge- 
nus Didelphis in North and Central America, see 
Gardner (1973). The cutoff date for included ci- 
tations is 31 December 2001. 

The nomenclature and taxonomy of Gardner 
(1993) were followed except in the following in- 
stances. Hershkovitz recognized Monodelphis 
brevicaudis as a distinct species (see remarks un- 



der synonymy), whereas Gardner omitted this 
species completely. Voss et al. (2001) recognized 
Monodelphis glirina and Monodelphis palliolata 
as distinct species, and Gardner listed them under 
M. hrevicaudata. Gardner recognized five species 
of Thylamys. Subsequent accounts list six; how- 
ever, the specific taxonomy of this genus is un- 
settled (see Flores et al., 2000, and Mares and 
Braun, 2000). Since 1993, one new genus, Hyla- 
delphys, and 1 1 new species have been described; 
they are Caenolestes condorensis, Hyladelphys 
kalinowskii, Marmosops bishopi, Marmosops neb- 
Una, Marmosops paulensis, Marmosops pinheiroi, 
Monodelphis glirina, Monodelphis palliolata, 
Philander frenata, Philander mcilhennyi, and 
Thylamys venustus. Under Metachirus, Hershko- 
vitz had Didelphis nudicaudatus E. Geoffroy 
(1803) (by subsequent designation [Thomas, 
1888]) as type species, not Didelphis myosuros 
Temminck (1824-1827) in Gardner (see synony- 
my for Metachirus); Grubb (2001:41) proposed 
that Geoffroy (1803) be placed on the Official List 
of the Works Approved as Available for Zoolog- 
ical Nomenclature. 

Names listed here were excluded by Gardner as 
nomena nuda. The following differences between 
Hershkovitz's unpublished notes and personal 
communications and Gardner (1993) are also not- 
ed. Under Lutreolina, Hershkovitz listed Didel- 
phis macroura Desmoulins, 1824:492 (= Didel- 
phis macroura Illiger, 1815:107), nomen nudum, 
and Didelphis mustelina Waterhouse, 1846:497- 
499 (nomen nudum) as synonyms; Gardner did 
not list them. Under Marmosa, Hershkovitz listed 
Marmosa phaea, J. A. Allen, 1912a: 17 (part, not 
Thomas, misidentification), as a synonym of M. 
robinsoni, and Marmosa murina zeledoni J. A. 
Allen, 1912a:73 (not Goldman, misidentification) 
as a synonym of M. robinsoni, while Gardner did 
not list them. Hershkovitz assigned Caluromys 
(Micoureus) antioquiae Matschie, 1917:28, to C. 
derbianus, Gardner to C. lanatus. Under Caluro- 
mys philander, Hershkovitz listed V. [sic = 
D(idelphis)] flavescens Brongniart, 1792:115, 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY, N.S., NO. 102, JANUARY 30, 2004, PP. 1-308 



whereas Gardner excluded it as a nomen nudum; 
Hershkovitz listed Didelphys macrura Pelzeln, 
1883:111, while Gardner did not; Hershkovitz 
listed D[idelphys] longicaudatci Pelzeln, 1883: 
111, and [Didelphys {Philander)] longicauda 
Trouessart, 1898:1237, but Gardner excluded the 
former as a nomen nudum and the latter as a lap- 
sus. 

Locality records have been gathered from pub- 
lications and from specimens in certain museums. 
The following sources for the coordinates of each 
locality are Geonet; the United States Board on 
Geographic Names (1955-1983); the series of or- 
nithological gazetteers published by Paynter 
(1982-1994), Paynter and Tray lor (1981-1991), 
and Stephens and Traylor (1983-1985); Hanson 
(1945); Gardner (1973); Willet (1987); Handley 
(1976); published articles on species containing 
coordinates of collected localities; Hershkovitz 
(1977); various cited records; and the working re- 
cords of Hershkovitz compiled over a span of 60 
years. The latter are part of the Field Museum of 
Natural History Division of Mammals archives. 

Authors cited in the synonymies are listed in 
the bibliography. Also listed in the synonymies 
are additional previously unpublished locality re- 
cords for all species except those of Gracilinamis, 
Marmosa, Marmosops, Micoureus, Monodelphis, 
and Thylamys. 

On the maps, solid circles denote the localities 
for which there are published records, and open 
circles denote the additional (unpublished) re- 
cords. 

Under each locality name in the Gazetteer, geo- 
graphic coordinates and elevations, where known, 
are given. 

The following abbreviations are used: 

AMNH American Museum of Natural History, 

New York 
BMNH Natural History Museum, London 
EPN Ciencias Biologicas, Escuela Politec- 

nica Nacional, Quito 
FMNH Field Museum of Natural History, Chi- 
cago 
KU University of Kansas, Natural History 

Museum, Lawrence 
LACM Los Angeles County Museum, Los 

Angeles 
LSUMZ Louisiana State University Museum of 

Zoology. Baton Rouge 
MCZ Museum of Comparative Zoology, 

Harvard University, Cambridge 



MMNH Bell Museum of Natural History, Uni- 
versity of Minnesota, St. Paul 

MMP Museo Municipal de Ciencias Natura- 

les "Lorenzo Scaglia" de Mar del Pla- 
ta, Mar del Plata 

MNRJ Museu Nacional, Rio de Janeiro 

MPEG Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi, Belem 

MVZ University of California, Museum of 

Vertebrate Zoology, Berkeley 

MZUSP Museu de Zoologia de Universidad de 
Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo 

RMNH Rijksmuseum van Naturlijke Historic 
Leiden 

UMMZ University of Michigan, Museum of 
Zoology, Ann Arbor 

USNM United States National Museum, 
Washington, D.C. 

UV Departmento de Zoologia, Universidad 

del Valle, Cali 

ZFMK Zoologisches Forschungsinstitut und 
Museum Alexander Koenig, Bonn 

ZMB Zoologisches Museum der Humboldt- 

Universitat, Berlin 

Acknowledgments 

I wish to thank the following persons and in- 
stitutions for lists of specimens in their marsupial 
collections: Dr. Robert M. Timm, University of 
Kansas; Dr. James L. Patton, Museum of Verte- 
brate Zoology, University of California, Berkeley; 
Dr. Charles O. Handley, Jr., United States Nation- 
al Museum; Dr. Mark S. Hafner, Museum of Nat- 
ural Science; Louisiana State University Museum; 
Dr. Robert S. Voss, American Museum of Natural 
History; and Dr. Philip Myers of the University 
of Michigan. The assistance of Eunice Hoshizaki 
for typing the manuscript and helping in editing 
and proofreading and C. Victoria Ramos for ini- 
tially generating the maps using ArcView was 
deeply appreciated. Lucia Luna provided me with 
exceptional help in research and editing the man- 
uscript and helped eliminate many editorial short- 
comings. Steven Foldi generated new maps for 
the final revision and provided further typing and 
proofreading. I found truly helpful the comments 
and corrections of Dr. Alfred L. Gardner of the 
Smithsonian Institution and Dr. Robert M. Timm 
of the University of Kansas. The insight, encour- 
agement, editorial help, and reading of this work 
by Dr. Jack Fooden and especially Dr. Bruce D. 
Patterson of the Field Museum were invaluable. I 
am most grateful for the aid, advice, and encour- 
agement of the late Philip Hershkovitz, without 
whose prodding this project would never have 
been started or completed. 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 




Lutreolina crassicaudata Thomas 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



L Order Didelphimorphia 

Family Didelphidae Gray, 1821 
Subfamily Caluromyinae Kirsch, 1977 
Genus Caluromys J. A. Allen, 1900 

Sarigua Muirhead, 1819:429 part, S. cayopollin list- 
ed among included species. 

Asagis and Notagogus Gloger, 1842:82 type by 
monotypy the Cayopollin - Caluromys philander. 

Notagogus Gloger, 1842:82 name preoccupied by 
Notagogus Agassiz, 1833, an extinct genus of fish 
of the family Macrosemiidae. 

Philander: Burmeister, 1856:74 (not Brisson, 1762) 
included species: Philander cayopollin Burmeister 
(not Schreber) [= Caluromys philander Linnaeus], 
Philander dichura [= Caluromys philander Lin- 
naeus]; generic name a homonym of Philander Tie- 
demann, 1808, the four-eyed pouched opossum. 
Thomas, 1888:336 subgenus of Didelphys; type 
species, D. philander Linnaeus. J. A. Allen, 1911: 
246 attributed to Brisson, a nonbinomialist, with 
type Didelphis philander; Caluromys J. A. Allen in 
synonymy. Thomas, 1920a: 195, footnote type 
species, Philander philander, by tautonomy. Hop- 
wood, 1947:535 Philander Brisson rejected, ge- 
neric name attributed to Gronovius, 1763, a non- 
binomialist. Gardner, 1993:15 listed. 

Caluromys J. A. Allen, 1900b: 189. Gardner, 1993: 
15 listed. 

Mallodelphys Thomas, 1920a: 195, footnote replace- 



ment name for Micoureus Lesson, 1 842 sensu Mat- 
schie, 1916, type, Didelphis lanigera Desmarest [ = 
Caluromys lanatus Olfers]. Gardner, 1993:15 list- 
ed. 
Mallodelphis Miranda Ribeiro, 1936:353 unjustified 
emendation of Mallodelphys Thomas; included 
species: Mallodelphis lanigera. 

Type Species Didelphis philander Linnaeus, 
by original designation. 

Distribution (Figs. 1 and 2) Forested tropi- 
cal zones of the Americas from southern Mexico 
through Central America and South America to 
Paraguay and Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, on the 
south and east; the Pacific coast of Ecuador and 
Colombia to the west of the Andes; and the is- 
lands of Trinidad and Margarita. 



Caluromys derbianus (Waterhouse, 1841) 

Didelphvs derbianus (Waterhouse, 1841:97). Water- 
house, 1846:493. Alston, 1882:199 distribution 
(Nicaragua to Peru). Gardner, 1983:15 listed. 

[Didelphys] derbianus: J. A. Allen, 1904a:57 (in 
text) COLOMBIA: Valle del Cauca (Rio Cau- 
quita, Rio Cauca valley). 

Caluromys derbianus: J. A. Allen, 1900a: 189 clas- 
sification. Loftin, 1965:83 PANAMA: Veraguas 




Fig. 1 . Distribution of the genus Caluromys in Central America: southern Mexico through Panama. See Figure 
2 for distribution in South America. 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 




20 10 



Fig. 2. Distribution of the genus Caluromys in southern Central America and South America: from Belize, 
including islands of Trinidad and Margarita, south to southern Paraguay and southern Brazil. See Figure 1 for 
distribution in Central America. 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



(Santiago). Handley, 1966: 755 PANAMA: Bo- 
cas del Torn (Cayo de Agua; Isla Bastimentos); 
Chiriqui (Divala; Isla Brava); Veraguas (Isla Ce- 
baco; Santa Fe); Los Santos (Guanico); Panama 
(Panama Viejo); Herrera (Parita). Reig et al., 1977: 
212 COSTA RICA: Cartago (Pacuare, Rio Pac- 
uare). Steiner, 1981:506 PANAMA: Colon/Pan- 
ama (Isla Barro Colorado [= Barro Colorado]). 
Timm, 1989:15 COSTA RICA: Heredia (Finca 
La Selva). Albuja, 1992:124 ECUADOR: Man- 
abi (Cerro Pata de Pajaro); Los Rfos (Jauneche). 
Emmons and Albuja, 1992:120 ECUADOR: 
Guayas-Manabi (Parque Nacional Machalilla). 

[Didelphis (Micoureus)] derbianus: Matschie, 1916: 
269 taxonomy. Matschie, 1917:292 synonyms; 
pictus Thomas, pyrrhus Thomas. 

Ph[ilander] l[aniger] derbianus: Thomas, 1913b: 
358 holotype in Liverpool Museum; COLOM- 
BIA: Valle del Cauca (Rio Cauca Valley). 

Caluromys derbianus derbianus: Cabrera, 1958:2 
classification. Hall and Kelson, 1959:18 COSTA 
RICA: Tabernilla [Tabernilla is in Panama, Pana- 
ma]. 

[Didelphis (Philander)] derbyana: Trouessart, 1898: 
1238 incorrect subsequent spelling of derbiana, 
in synonymy of [Didelphis (Philander)] lanigera. 

Caluromys (Mallodelphis) derbiana: Gilmore, 1941: 
318 distribution. 

Didelphys lanigera: Thomas, 1888b:339 PANA- 
MA: Panama (Chepo); COLOMBIA: Antioquia 
(Medellfn); ECUADOR: Guayas [now in Manabi] 
(Balzar Mountains [= Montanas de Balzar]). 

Philander laniger: Pocock, 1913:1094 COLOM- 
BIA: Valle del Cauca (Buenaventura). 

Philander laniger guayanus Thomas, 1899b:286 
ECUADOR: Guayas [now in Manabi] (type local- 
ity, Balzar Mountains [= Montanas de Balzar]; ho- 
lotype, male, skin and skull, BMNH 80.5.6.87; col- 
lected by Illingworth). Lonnberg, 1921:69 EC- 
UADOR: Pichincha (Rio Mindo). Gardner, 1993: 
15 listed. 

Caluromys laniger guayanus: J. A. Allen, 1900a: 
1 89 taxonomy. 

P[hilander] l[aniger] guayanus: Thomas, 1913b: 
358 ECUADOR: (western). 

[Didelphis (Micoureus)] guayanus: Matschie, 1916: 
269 taxonomy. 

Philander centralis Hollister, 1914: 103 COSTA 
RICA: Limon (type locality, Talamanca; holotype, 
female, USNM 12218/38522, collected by W. M. 
Gabb). Harris, 1943:7 COSTA RICA: Limon 
(Talamanca [= Sipurio]). Gardner, 1993:15 listed. 

Caluromys laniger centralis: Harris, 1943:6 COS- 
TA RICA: Limon (Sipurio, 15 mi from Caribbean 
coast). 

Caluromys derbianus centralis: Hall and Kelson, 
1959:17 COSTA RICA: Cartago (type locality, 5 
km SE of Turrialba, 1950 ft [= 610 m], KU 26923). 

[Didelphis (Micoureus)] canus Matschie, 1917:284 
NICARAGUA (type locality). Gardner, 1993:15 
listed. 

[Didelphis (Micoureus)] antioquiae Matschie, 1917: 
286 COLOMBIA: Antioquia (type locality, Ca- 
ceres, Rio Cauca; holotype, juvenile female, ZMB 
5538/26753; collected by Grosskopf). 

Philander laniger pallidas Thomas, 1899b:286 



PANAMA: Chiriqui (type locality, Bugaba; holo- 
type, male, BMNH, collected 12 October 1895 by 
H. J. Watson). Hall and Kelson, 1959:18 NICA- 
RAGUA; COSTA RICA: San Jose (Fuentes); Pun- 
tarenas (Puerto Cortez); Cartago (Irazu); PANA- 
MA: Chiriqui (Boqueron; Bugaba). Gardner, 1993: 
15 listed. 

Caluromys laniger pallidus: J. A. Allen, 1910:92 
NICARAGUA: Matagalpa (Matagalpa). 

Caluromys derbianus pallidus: Goodwin, 1946:285 
COSTA RICA: San Jose (Fuentes); Cartago (Ira- 
zii); Puntarenas (Boruca; Puerto Cortez); PANA- 
MA: Chiriqui (Boqueron). Hall and Kelson, 1959: 
18 NICARAGUA: Matagalpa (Maltagalpa). 

Caluromys laniger pyrrhus Thomas, 190 lb: 196 
COLOMBIA: Valle del Cauca (type locality, Rio 
Oscuro, near Cali, 1000 m; holotype, male, skin 
and skull, BMNH 99.9.6.50; collected June 1898 
by J. H. Batty, Parish et al.); ECUADOR: Esmer- 
aldas (San Javier, Rio Cachabf). Trouessart, 1910: 
A30 ECUADOR: Pichincha (Puente de Ayuri- 
quin, on road from Quito to Santo Domingo, 700 
m). Gardner, 1993:15 listed. 

[Didelphis (Micoureus)] pyrrhus: Matschie, 1916: 
269 taxonomy. 

Philander laniger senex Thomas, 1913c:573 EC- 
UADOR: Pichincha (type locality, Mindo, 4200 ft 
[= 1300 m]; holotype, female, skin and skull, 
BMNH 13.10.24.75; collected 25 June 1913 by 
Gilbert Hammond). Gardner, 1993:15 listed. 

[Didelphis (Micoureus)] senex: Matschie, 1916:269 
taxonomy. 

Philander laniger pictus Thomas, 1913b:360 CO- 
LOMBIA: Caldas [now Risaralda] (type locality, 
Apia, Rfo Apia, Rio Cauca valley, 5000 ft [= 1560 
m]; holotype, female, skin and skull, BMNH 
10.7.16.5; collected 10 November 1909 by M. G. 
Palmer); ECUADOR: Esmeraldas (San Javier). 
Lonnberg, 1921:68 ECUADOR: Pichincha (Pae- 
to, below Gualea, 3000 ft [= 930 m]). Gardner, 
1993:15 listed. 

[Didelphis (Micoureus)] pictus: Matschie, 1916: 
269 taxonomy. 

[Didelphis (Micoureus)] pulcher Matschie, 1917: 
281 (type locality unknown; holotype, female, 
skin and skull, ZMB 20467/8; purchased alive from 
dealer Rath in Hamburg and died 17 February 1915 
in Berlin Zoological Gardens). Gardner, 1993:15 
listed. 

Philander laniger aztecus Thomas, 1913b:359 
MEXICO: Veracruz-Llave (type locality, San Juan 
de la Punta; holotype, female, BMNH 94.12.18.28, 
received from the Museo Nacional, Mexico); Ta- 
basco (Teapa). Gardner, 1993:15 listed. 

Caluromys derbianus aztecus: Hall and Kelson, 1959: 
17 MEXICO: Veracruz-Llave (Jesus Carranza; 
Teapa; San Juan de la Punta). 

Philander laniger nauticus Thomas, 1913b:359 
PANAMA: Veraguas (type locality, Isla Goberna- 
dora; holotype, male, BMNH 03.3.1.124, collected 
by J. H. Batty). Goldman, 1920:55 PANAMA: 
Chiriqui (Isla Brava; Isla Parida); Veraguas (type 
locality, Isla Cebaco). Gardner, 1993:15 listed. 

Philander laniger fervidus Thomas, 191 3b:359 
Type locality, GUATEMALA (holotype probably 
from lowlands of east-central Guatemala or north- 



F1ELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



30 



20' 



10 



Caluromys derbianus 




Fig. 3. Distribution of Caluromys derbianus: from southern Mexico through Panama in Central America and 
from western Colombia and western Ecuador in South America, o = localities from unpublished records; = localities 
given in published records. 



ern Honduras according to Goodwin, 1942:1 14; ho- 
lotype, female, BMNH 1906.10.22.1, collected by 
J. Rodriguez). Gardner, 1993:15 listed. 
Caluromys derbianus fervidus: Goodwin, 1942:1 14 
HONDURAS: Yoro (Catacamas; Chamelecon; lla- 
ma). Hershkovitz, 1951:552 BELIZE: Cayo (Ka- 
tes Lagoon). Hall and Kelson, 1952:325 HON- 
DURAS: Cortes (San Pedro Sula). 

Holotype Originally in Lord Derby's Muse- 
um but now in the Liverpool Museum (cf. Thom- 
as, 1913b:358). 

Type Locality Fixed by Cabrera, 1957:2, as 
Valle del Cauca, Colombia (type locality fixation 
incorrectly attributed to J. A. Allen, 1904a:57, in 
text). 

Distribution (Fig. 3) Forests of Mexico 
through Central America to western Colombia 
and western Ecuador. 

Additional Records MEXICO: Veracruz- 
Llave; Motzorongo (1935, USNM); San Andres 
Tuxtla (Dalquest, 1948, KU); Tabasco; Balancan 
(Lay, 1960, LSUMZ); La Venta (Weber, 1943, 
USNM); Campeche; Escarcega, near (Clifton, 

1963, KU); Chiapas; Palenque (Kuns, 1949, 
FMNH); BELIZE: Cayo; Baking Pot (Disney, 

1964, FMNH); HONDURAS: Yoro; Agua Color- 



ada (Stadelman, 1939, FMNH); NICARAGUA: 
Matagalpa; Muy Muy (Alcorn, 1956, KU); Es- 
quipulas (Choate, 1968, KU; Jones, Jr., 1968, KU; 
Smith, 1968, KU); Chinandega; Hacienda Bella- 
vista, Volcan Casita (Lawlor, 1966, KU; Turner, 

1966, KU); Hacienda San Isidro (Genoways, 

1967, KU); Boaco; Boaco, near Santa Rosa (Gen- 
oways, 1967, KU; Kirsch, 1987, KU; Phillips, 
1967, KU; Smith, 1967, KU); Los Cocos, 14 km 
S of Boaco (Choate, 1968, KU; Kirsch 1968, KU; 
Phillips, 1968, KU); Tuestepe [= Teustepe] (Phil- 
lips, 1968, KU); Managua; Finca America (Bosh- 
ell, 1953, USNM); Managua (Alcorn, 1956, KU; 
Kellers, USNM); Sabana Grande (Choate, 1968, 
KU; Genoways, 1967, 1968, KU; Jones, Jr., 1964, 
KU; Lawler, 1964, KU; McGee, 1968, KU; 
Schlitter, 1967, KU; Smith, 1964, KU); Masaya; 
Masaya (Alcorn, 1956, KU); Zelaya; El Recreo 
(Schlitter, 1966, KU); Choluteca; Diriamba (Gen- 
oways, 1967, KU; Kirsch, 1968, KU; Phillips, 
1967, KU); Granada; Finca Santa Cecilia (For- 
man, 1966, KU; Lawlor, 1966, KU; Turner, 1966, 
KU); La Calera, Nandaime (Clark, 1964, KU; 
Clark, 1964, USNM); Mecatepe, Nandaime 
(Clark, 1964, KU; Clark, 1964, USNM); Rivas; 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



Rivas (Jones, Jr., 1964, KU); Finca Amayo, 13 km 
E of Rivas (Forman, 1966, KU; Lawler, 1966, 
KU; Turner. 1966, KU); Sapoa (Jones. Jr.. 1964, 
KU); COSTA RICA: Cartago; San Juan (Zele- 
don. 1978. USNM); Guanacaste; Finca Jimenez. 
0.5 mi E. not located (Hooper. 1996. UMMZ): 
Puntarenas; Dominical. 0.5 mi N (Musser. 1962. 
UMMZ); San Jose: Monterrey. 22 km S of San 
Jose (Willie. 1947, KU): Santa Ana, 2 km N 
(Gardner. 1967. LSUMZ): Finca Lornessa. 2 km 
NW of Santa Ana (McPherson. 1970. LSUMZ); 
San Ignacio (1931. USNM); Caspirola (McPher- 
son. 1966, LSUMZ); Limdn; Fortuna. Pandora 
(Setzer. 1949. USNM): Finca La Lola, 50 m, not 
located (Huckaby, 1964. LSUMZ); PANAMA: 
Bocas del Toro; Sibube (Handley. 1963. USNM): 
Rio Changuinola (Barrett, 1962, USNM): Chan- 
guinola (Handley. 1960. USNM); Boca del Drago 
(Handley. 1960. USNM): La Gruta. Isla Colon 
(Greenwell. 1988. USNM); Long Bay. Isla Bas- 
timentos (Handley. 1963. USNM); Almirante 
(Handley. 1960. USNM); Salt Creek, Isla Basti- 
mentos (Handley, 1963. USNM; Jacobs. 1987. 
USNM); Old Point. Isla Bastimentos (Handley. 
1963. USNM); Cedar Creek, Isla Bastimentos 
(Handley, 1963, USNM): Bocatorito, Isla San 
Cristobal (Greenwell. 1989. USNM): Cuan Creek 
(Greenwell. 1989. USNM); Punta Alegre. Penin- 
sula Valiente (Greenwell. 1990. USNM); Sum- 
wood Channel, Isla Popa (Greenwell. 1991. 
USNM); Isla Escudo de Veraguas (Greenwell. 

1990. USNM; Handley, 1991. USNM; Nelson. 

1991. USNM); Bisira (Handley. 1993. USNM); 
Cerro Chucanti. not located (Wetmore. 1950. 
USNM); Chiriqui; Progreso (Greenwell. 1966. 
USNM); Guabala (Tyson, 1961, USNM); Los 
Santos; Las Palmitas (Handley. 1962, USNM); 
Colon; Fort Sherman. Camp Pina (1955. 1956. 
USNM; Fleming. 1966. USNM); France Field 
(1956. USNM); Fort Gulick (Keenen. 1961. 
USNM); Fort Davis (Keenen. 1953, USNM; Setz- 
er, 1953. USNM); Frijoles. Bahia Peninsula (Pine. 
1972, USNM); Las Cascadas (Enders. 1932. 
USNM); Panama; Tabernilla (Goldman. 1911. 
USNM): Gamboa (Koford. 1956. USNM); Sum- 
mit (Keenen. 1955. USNM); Chiva-Chiva (Kee- 
nen. 1952. USNM); Fort Clayton (Keenen. 1955. 
USNM); Albrook (Keenen. 1954, USNM); Cu- 
rundu (Setzer. 1953. USNM): Fort Kobbe (1954. 
USNM: Keenen. 1955. USNM); Panama City 
(Russell. 1967. USNM); Arraijan (Mendez. 1959. 
USNM); La Chorera (Zetek. USNM); La Men- 
doxa. not located (Handley. 1958, USNM); 5a/; 
Bias; Armila. Quebrada Venado (Handley. 1963. 



USNM); Darien; Cana (Goldman. 1912, USNM); 
El Real (Handley. 1964. USNM); Tacarcuna 
(Handley. 1959. USNM); Cerro Tacarcuna (Han- 
dley. 1964, USNM); Rio Pucro, head, Cerro Mali 
(Handley. 1964. USNM); Jaque. Rio Imamado 
(Handley. 1966. USNM): COLOMBIA: Turreke. 
not located (Buckow. USNM); Choco; Unguia 
(Hershkovitz, 1950. FMNH); Cordoba; Rio Nam 
(Hershkovitz, 1949. FMNH): Valle del Cauea; 
Virology Field Camp. Rio Raposo (Duran. 1962. 
USNM"); ECUADOR: hnbabura; Hacienda Par- 
amba (Mena. 1941. FMNH); Bolivar; Balzapam- 
ba (Clarke-Macintyre. 1938, MVZ). 



Caluromys ktnatus (Olfers, 1818) 

Didelphis Cayopollin et Didelphis Dorsigera Moreau 
Saint-Mery (not authors). 1801, in Azara:275 
misidentification of "Micoure second ou Micoure 
Laineux." 

Lanoso. Azara. 1802:221. 

Didelphis cayopollin: Fischer (not "Der Kayopollin" 
of Schreber). 1813:580 misidentification of mi- 
coure second of Moreau-Saint-Mery in Azara 
(1801:275). 

[Didelphis] lanata Illiger. 1815:107 nomen nudum. 

D[idelphys] lanata: Olfers. 1818:206. Gardner. 1993: 
15 listed, synonymy. 

P[= Caluromys] Lanata: Hershkovitz. 1951:552 
comparison; laniger Desmarest. a synonym. 

Caluromys lanatus: Yunis et al.. 1972:265 CO- 
LOMBIA: Mela (Rio Ocoa. near, on the Villavi- 
cencio-Acacias Road). Reig et al.. 1977:195. 212 
PERU: Ucayali (Balta. Rio Curanja); Loreto (Yar- 
inacocha [now in Ucayali]). Terborgh et al.. 1984: 
1 PERU: Madre de Dios (Cocha Cashu Biologi- 
cal Station. Manu National Park [= Parque Na- 
cional del Manu]). Gardner. 1988:695 VENE- 
ZUELA: Amazonas (Base Camp. Cerro de La 
Neblina). Emmons et al.. 1994:144 PERU: Ma- 
dre de Dios (Explorer's Inn Reserve). Emmons et 
al.. 1994:146 PERU: Madre de Dios (Puesto San 
Antonio). Anderson. 1997:140 BOLIVIA: La Paz 
(Alto Rio Madidi). Patton et al.. 2000:85 BRA- 
ZIL: Acre (Igarape Porongaba. right bank Rio Ju- 
rua; Igarape Porongaba. opposite, left bank Rio Ju- 
rua; Flora [= Fazenda Santa Fe]: Nova Vida. right 
bank Rio Jurua: Sobral): Amazonas (Sacado: Al- 
tamira. right bank Rio Jurua: Altamira. opposite, 
left bank Rio Jurua; Barro Vermelho. left bank Rio 
Jurua: Ilha Paxiuba. right bank Rio Jurua; Colo- 
cacao Vira-Volta. left bank Rio Jurua on Igarape 
Arabidi). 

Caluromys lanatus lanatus: Hershkovitz. 1959:338. 
345 taxonomy. Avila Pires. 1968:163 BRAZIL: 
Minas Gerais (Barra do Rio Paraopeba). Crespo. 
1974:3 BOLIVIA: Soma Cruz (Buena Vista); 
PARAGUAY: Caazapd (Caazapa). Handley. 1976: 
5 VENEZUELA: Apure (Nulita; Selvas de San 
Camilo. 29 km SSW of Santo Domingo): Zulia (El 
Rosario): Trujillo (Valera); Amazonas (San Juan de 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Manapiare; Puerto Ayacucho; Boca Mavaca; Es- 
meralda; Belen; Acanana). Massoia et al., 1987: 
1 16 ARGENTINA: Misiones (Rio Urugua-i). An- 
derson et al., 1993:16 BOLIVIA: Santa Cruz 
(Buena Vista; Santa Cruz de la Sierra). Avila Pires, 
1994:369 BRAZIL: Rio Grande do Sul (Rio 
Cahy [= Cail). Anderson, 1997:1 16 BOLIVIA: 
Beni (San Joaquin; Piedras Blancas; Estancia Yu- 
tiole, 20 km S of San Joaquin; Los Tajibos, 40 km 
E of San Borja); Pando (Isla Gargantua); Santa 
Cruz (Buena Vista; Santa Cruz de la Sierra). 

Didelphis lanigera Desmarest, 1820:258 name 
based on the micoure second ou micoure laineux 
of Azara. Jentink, 1887b:302 "Demerara" [= 
Peru]. Jentink, 1888:221 PERU: ("Demerara" [= 
Peru]). Rennger, 1830:225 PARAGUAY. Gard- 
ner, 1993:15 listed. 

Didelphys lanigera: Waterhouse, 1841:98. Pelzeln, 
1883:113 BRAZIL: Mato Grosso (Caicara). Jen- 
tink, 1887a:225 PERU: Loreto (Samiria). Thom- 
as, 1888b:339 PERU: Loreto (Chamicuros); EC- 
UADOR: Pastaza (Sarayacu). 

D[idelphys] lanigera: Wagner, 1855:233 BRAZIL: 
Mato Grosso (Caicara). 

Micoureus lanigera: Lesson, 1842:136 classifica- 
tion. 

Philander lanigera: Burmeister, 1856:88. Bertoni, 
1914:69 PARAGUAY: Alto Parana (Puerto Ber- 
toni, upper Rio Parana). Bertoni, 1939:7 PARA- 
GUAY: Alto Parana (Puerto Bertoni). 

[Cuica] lanigera: Liais, 1872:330 classification. 

Philander laniger: Winge, 1893:6, 33 incorrect sub- 
sequent spelling of lanigera BRAZIL: Minas 
Gerais (Lagoa Santa, recent and fossil). Miranda 
Ribeiro, 1914:48 BRAZIL: Mato Grosso (Porto 
Espiridao; Salto da Felicidade, Rio Sepotuba). Mi- 
randa Ribeiro, 1936:356 BRAZIL: Mato Grosso 
(Rio Jauru, upper Rio Paraguay). Vieira, 1955: 
347 BRAZIL: Mato Grosso (Rio Jauru, upper 
Rio Paraguay). 

Caluromys laniger: J. A. Allen, 1900a: 189 incorrect 
subsequent spelling of lanigera taxonomy. 

Micoureus laniger: Matschie, 1916:269 incorrect 
subsequent spelling of lanigera PARAGUAY: 
(type locality, Caazapd, Asuncion [now in Cen- 
tral]). 

Caluromys {Mallodelphis) laniger: Gilmore, 1941: 
317 incorrect subsequent spelling of lanigera 
taxonomy. 

Philander laniger laniger: Cabrera, 1919:33 incor- 
rect subsequent spelling of lanigera Vieira, 1955: 
346 BRAZIL: Sao Paulo (Araraquara). 

Caluromys laniger laniger: Vieira, 1949:349 incor- 
rect subsequent spelling of lanigera BRAZIL: 
Sao Paulo (Araraquara). 

Didelphys ochropus Wagner, 1842:359 type locality, 
Barra. Wagner, 1850:141 BRAZIL: Amazonas 
(type locality, Barra). Wagner, 1847:148 type lo- 
cality clarified as BRAZIL: Amazonas, Barra do 
Rio Negro. Wagner, 1855:236 BRAZIL: Amazon- 
as (type locality, Barra do Rio Negro; holotype, 
male, in Vienna Museum, collected 7 November 
1825 by Johann Natterer). Pelzeln, 1883:113 
BRAZIL: Amazonas (Barra do Rio Negro). Gard- 
ner, 1993:15 listed. 



Micoureus ochropus: Matschie, 1916:269 taxono- 
my. 

[Caluromys laniger] ochropus: Thomas, 1901b: 196. 
Tate, 1939:163 GUYANA. 

Mallodelphis lanigera ochropus: Miranda Ribeiro, 
1936:355 BRAZIL: Amazonas (Barra do Rio Ne- 
gro). 

Caluromys laniger ochropus: Vieira, 1948:272 
BRAZIL: Amazonas (Santa Cruz, Rio Eini, tribu- 
tary of Rio Jurua; Rio Eini, Rio Jurua; Igarape 
Grande, Rio Jurua). 

Caluromys lanatus ochropus: Cabrera, 1958:3 (part, 
not Wagner, 1842) vitalina, in synonymy only. 
Baker, 1974:135 ECUADOR: Napo (Santa Cecil- 
ia). Reig et al., 1977:201 PERU: Loreto (Yari- 
nacocha [now in Ucayali]). Perez-Hernandez, 
1989:375 VENEZUELA: Amazonas (Acanana; 
Cacuri; Carlo Cotua, Boca; Parque Nacional Ya- 
pacana, Cano; Cano Yagua, Cerro Cucurito; Rio 
Cunucunuma; La Esmeralda; Raudal Cerguera; San 
Carlos de Rio Negro; Campamanto, La Neblina). 

D[idelphys] ornata Tschudi, 1844a: 14, 146, 151. 
Tschudi, 1844b:250 PERU: (type locality, tropi- 
cal forests of central Peru, between 10 and 20S, 
i.e., eastern slope of Andes, in Pasco and Junin; 
holotype not known to be in existence). Gardner, 
1993:15 listed. 

Didelphys ornata: Waterhouse, 1846:525. Tomes, 
1860:268 ECUADOR. 

Micoureus ornatus: Matschie, 1916:269 taxonomy. 

Caluromys derbianus ornatus: J. A. Allen, 1900a: 
189 taxonomy. 

Ph[ilander] l[anatus] ornatus: Thomas, 1913b:358 
classification. 

Philander laniger ornatus: Thomas, 1920c:247 
PERU: Cusco (Rio Comberciato, 2000 ft [= 625 
m]). Thomas, 1927a:373 PERU: San Martin (Yu- 
rac Yacu). Thomas, 1928a:265 PERU: Junin 
(Chicosa [now in Ucayali], 454 m); Loreto (Masi- 
sea [now in Ucayali]). Sanborn, 1949:277 PERU: 
Loreto (Yarinacocha [now in Ucayali]; Agua Cal- 
iente [now in Hudnuco]). 

Caluromys laniger ornatus: Sanborn, 1 95 lb:3 
PERU: Cusco (Hacienda Cadena). 

Caluromys lanatus ornatus: Cabrera, 1958:3 clas- 
sification. Baker, 1974:135 ECUADOR: Sucum- 
bios (Santa Cecilia). 

D[idelphys] bicolor Schinz, 1844:503, footnote no- 
men nudum attributed to Tschudi as ms. name. 

Philander cicur Bangs, 1898b: 161 COLOMBIA: 
Magdelena (type locality, Santa Marta). Bangs, 
1900:90 COLOMBIA: Magdalena (type locality, 
northern slope of Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, 
above Pueblo Viejo [= Puebloviejo], 4000 ft [ = 
1250 m]; holotype, female, skin and skull, MCZ 
8114, collected 27 March 1898 by W W Brown; 
Palomino, near Santa Marta). Gardner, 1993:15 
listed. 

Caluromys cicur: J. A. Allen, 1900a: 189. J. A. Allen, 
1904d:4 18 COLOMBIA: Magdalena (Minca). 

Micoureus cicur: Matschie, 1916:269 taxonomy. 

Ph[ilander] l[aniger] cicur: Thomas, 1913b:358 
distribution. 

Philander laniger cicur: J. A. Allen, 1916a:202 CO- 
LOMBIA: Cundinamarca (Tolima, near Bogota). 
Anthony, 1923:4 COLOMBIA: Cundinamarca 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



(Fusagasuga; Cordillera del Rusio; Vioxa [= Vi- 
ola]). 

Philander laniger cerca de cicur: Mendez, 1953:82 
VENEZUELA: Zulia (Kunana, Sierra de Perija). 

Philander laniger cicus: Cabrera, 1958:2 incorrect 
subsequent spelling for cicur in synonymy of Cal- 
uromys lanatus cicur. 

Caluromys lanatus cicur: Cabrera, 1958:2 classifi- 
cation; meridensis in synonymy. Mendez, 1953: 
82 VENEZUELA: Zulia (Kunana). Perez-Her- 
nandez, 1989:377 VENEZUELA: Tdchira (Rio 
Burgua; La Frfa, Colonia Agropecuaria del IAN); 
Zulia (Kunana; Mision del Tocuco [= Tukuko]); 
Barinas (La Lengueta); Apure (Nula); Merida 
(Zea). 

Philander laniger jivaro Thomas, 1913b:360 EC- 
UADOR: Pastaza (type locality, Sarayacu. Rio Bo- 
bonaza; holotype, male, skin and skull, BMNH 
80.5.6.75; collected by Clarence Buckley; Canelos, 
Rfo Bobonaza). Gardner, 1993:15 listed. 

Micoureus juninensis Matschie, 1917:283 PERU: 
Junin (type locality, La Merced, 1000 m; holotype, 
female, skin and skull, ZMB 26754/55; collected 
May 1908 by G. O. Schunke). Gardner, 1993:15 
listed. 

Micoureus meridensis Matschie, 1917:285 VENE- 
ZUELA: Merida (type locality, "Montana de la Si- 
erra bei Merida . . . ," 2500 m; holotype, female, 
skin and skull, ZMB 26759/26760; collected 28 
June 1903 by Sr. Bricefio). Gardner, 1993:15 list- 
ed. 

Micoureus bartletti Matschie, 1917:288 PERU: Lor- 
eto (type locality, Rio Chamicuros, a tributary of 
the Maranon between the Ribs Huallaga and Uca- 
yali; holotype, juvenile female, skin and skull, 
ZMB 4106/26758; collected by E. Bartlett). Gard- 
ner, 1993:15 listed. 

Micoureus cahyensis Matschie, 1917:288 BRAZIL: 
Rio Grande do Sul (type locality, Rio Cahy [ = 
Caf]; holotype, juvenile male, skin and skull, ZMB 
26756/57; collected by Ehrenreich). Avila Pires, 
1987:123 BRAZIL: Rio Grande do Sul (Rio 
Cahy [= Caf]). Gardner, 1993:15 listed. 

Philander calmensis: Vieira, 1955:347 incorrect 
subsequent spelling of cahyensis Matschie, 1917. 

[Micoureus) nattereri MaiscYnz, 1917:291 BRAZIL: 
Mato Grosso (type locality, Caicara; name based 
on a female in the Vienna museum collected 7 No- 
vember 1825 by Johann Natterer). Gardner, 1993: 
15 listed. 

Mallodelphis laniger nattereri: Miranda Ribeiro, 
1936:356 BRAZIL: Mato Grosso (Rio Jauru, up- 
per Rio Paraguay; Caceres). 

Philander laniger nattereri: Vieira, 1955:347 BRA- 
ZIL: Mato Grosso (Rio Jauru [erroneously cited as 
type locality]). 

[^Mallodelphis lanigera hemiura Miranda Ribeiro, 
1936:355 [misnumbered 455] (type locality un- 
known; holotype, a skin and incomplete skull, Mu- 
seu Nacional, Rio de Janeiro). 

Mallodelphis lanigera modesta Miranda Ribeiro, 
1936:356 BRAZIL: (type locality said to be in 
Mato Grosso do Sul, probably Pantanal; holotype, 
female, skin and skull, MNRJ; received from the 
Zoological Gardens in Rio de Janeiro). Gardner, 
1993:15 listed. 



Mallodelphis lanigera vitalina Miranda Ribeiro, 
1936:355 [misnumbered 455] BRAZIL: Minos 
Gerais (type locality, Barra do Rio Paraopeba, Rio 
Sao Francisco basin; holotype, female, skin and 
skull, MNRJ, collected by Vital Rodriguez de Sou- 
za). Gardner, 1993:15 listed. 

Caluromys lanatus vitalina: Avila Pires, 1968:163 
BRAZIL: Minas Gerais (Barra do Rio Paraopeba). 

Holotype In alcohol, Museo de Ciencias Na- 
turales, Madrid, no. 528; received 22 July 1789; 
collected by Felix Azara (cf. Cabrera, 1916:1). 

Type Locality Paraguay; Caazapa southeast 
of Asuncion and Santa Maria, as restricted by 
Matschie (1916:269). 

Distribution (Fig. 4) Forests of northern and 
central Colombia, northwestern and southern Ve- 
nezuela, eastern Ecuador, eastern Peru, eastern 
Bolivia, western and southern Brazil, southern 
Paraguay, and Misiones in Argentina. 

Additional Records COLOMBIA: Cesar; 
Colonia Agricola de Caracolicito (Hershkovitz, 
1942, USNM); Magdalena; Hacienda Cincinati, 
Santa Marta (Carriker, 1941, USNM); Pueblo Bel- 
lo (Hershkovitz, 1942, USNM); La Guajira; Mar- 
imonda (= Las Marimondas) (Hershkovitz, 1943, 
USNM); Sierra Negra near Villanueva (Hershko- 
vitz, 1943, USNM); Cundinamarca; Sasaima 
(Adolfo, 1982, USNM; Niceforo Maria, 1940, 
USNM); Norte de Santander; Rio Zulia (Niceforo 
Maria, FMNH); Arboledas, W of Cucuta (Nice- 
foro Maria, 1948, FMNH); Toledo (Niceforo Ma- 
ria, 1938, USNM); Sarcuta, not located (Niceforo 
Maria, 1950, FMNH); Santander; San Gil (Nice- 
foro Marfa, 1948, FMNH); Boyacd; Muzo 
(Hershkovitz, 1952, FMNH); Meta; San Juan de 
Arama (von Sneidern, 1957, FMNH); Parque de 
La Macarena, Rfo Guapaya (von Sneidern, 1957, 
FMNH); Huila; Villavieja (Hendrickson, 1950, 
MVZ; Miller, 1949, MVZ; Pearson, 1950, MVZ); 
San Isidro, Valle de Suaza (Del Aguila, 1971, 
USNM); Naranjal, Valle de Suaza (Del Aguila, 
1971, USNM); Pitalito (Hershkovitz, 1951, 
FMNH); Tolima; Natagaima, left bank Rio Mag- 
dalena (Niceforo Maria, 1926, USNM); ECUA- 
DOR: Napo; Lago Agrio, left bank Rfo Aguarico 
(Duellman and Fritts, 1969, KU); Marian (Timm, 
1983, 1984, FMNH); Limoncocha (Emmons, 
1977, USNM); Pastaza; Rio Pindo Yacu (Olalla, 
1934, FMNH); Montalvo, Rfo Bobonaza (Olalla, 
1932, FMNH); PERU: Amazonas; La Poza, Rfo 
Santiago (Patton, 1979, MVZ); Bagua (= Bagua 
Chica) (Graham, LSUMZ); Aguaruna Village, 
Rfo Cenepa, near Huampami, not located (Patton, 
1977, MVZ); Loreto; Santa Rita (Kalinowski, 



10 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 




Fig. 4. Distribution of Caluromys lanatus: Venezuela and Colombia south through Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, and 
Paraguay; scattered throughout Brazil. = localities from unpublished records; = localities given in published 
records. 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



11 



1956, FMNH): Biological Station Pithecia 
(Hershkovitz, 1980. FMNH): Santa Elena (Kali- 
nowski. 1950. FMNH): Santa Maria. Mariscal Ra- 
mos Castilla, not located (Soini. 1973. FMNH); 
San Martin: Tarapoto. 28 km NE (Sanchez. 1983. 
LSUMZ): Hudnuco; Ganso Azul (Sanborn. 1946. 
FMNH): Plantacion San Huberto. Tingo Maria 
(Nybukken. 1960. MVZ): Hacienda Buena Vista 
(Heller. 1922. FMNH): Pasco; Oxapampa (Tuttle. 
1964. USNM): Jum'n; Chanchamayo (Schunke. 
FMNH: Schunke. 1986. USNM): San Ramon 
(Anderson. 1914. FMNH): Cusco: Hacienda Villa 
Carmen (Kalinowski. 1954. FMNH): Quincemil 
(Kalinowski. 1953. FMNH); Madre de Dios: Al- 
bergue Cusco Amazonico. 12 km E of Puerto 
Maldonado (Warner. 1984. MVZ): Reserva Cusco 
Amazonico. 14 km E of Puerto Maldonado 
(Timm. 1990. KU): Aguas Calientes, 1 km below 
Shintuya (Myers. 1984. UMMZ): VENEZUELA: 
Merida; Montana de Edrama. Sierra de Merida 
(Gabaldon. 1903. FMNH): Distrito Federal; El 
Valle. Caracas (Barnes. 1939. LSUMZ): Amazon- 
as; Tamatama (Brevington. 1967. USNM): Rio 
Mawarinuma. Cerro de La Neblina (Gardner. 
1984, USNM): BRAZIL: Acre; Sena Madureira 
(1976. USNM): PARAGUAY: Canendiyu; Curu- 
guaty. 13.3 km N (Myers. 1979. MZUM). 



Caluromys philander (Linnaeus, 1758) 

Tai-ibi Brasiliensibus: Marcgrave. 1648:223. 

Mus africanus Kayopolin dictus mas.. Seba. 1734:49. 

Tlaqitazin s. tai-ibi Brasiliensibus Seba. 1734:57. 

Philander africanus: Brisson. 1762:212 description 
based primarily on Mus africanus Kayopolin dictus 
of Seba: work rejected for nomenclatural purposes 
(International Commission on Zoological Nomen- 
clature. 1998:64). 

Philander africanus Schreber. 1777:541 der Kayo- 
pollin: name ex Brisson. 1762. 

Cayopollin: Buffon. 1763:350. not the coyopollin of 
Hernandez (1651. Nov. Hisp.. p. 10. a Marmosa). 

Didelphis Cajopolin Mullen 1776:35 name based 
primarily on the caxopollin of Buffon. Gardner. 
1993:15 listed. 

Didelphys cayopollin Schreber. 1777:544 (der Koy- 
oppolin). 589 Guianas ["Mexico" based on the 
coyopollin of Hernandez, a Marmosa. but Buffon "s 
caxopollin originated in the Guianas: see E. Geof- 
frey. 1803. below]. Gardner. 1993:15 listed. 

[Didelphis] Cayopollin: Gmelin. 1788:106 the cay- 
opollin of Button. 

Didelphis Caxopollin: Shaw. 1800:478 "Mexican" 
opossum, ex Buffon. 

Didelphis cayopollin: E. Geoffroy. 1803:142 
FRENCH GUIANA: male specimens, basis of Buf- 
fon 's (1763:350) "Cayopollin." and female speci- 



men in spirits, from the Dutch collections [= of 
Seba?]. 

S[arigua] caxopollin: Muirhead. 1819:429 part, new 
combination. 

Philander Caxopollin: Burmeister. 1856:76. pi. 14 
(animal) part. BRAZIL: GUIANAS. 

[Sarigua] caxopollin. Muirhead. 1919:429. 

[Didelphis] Philander Linnaeus. 1758:54. Gardner. 
1983:15 listed, synonymy. 

Didelphis philander: Latreille. 1803:304 philander 
de Surinam. Temminck. 1827:43 SURINAME: 
FRENCH GUIANA. Schomburgk. 1840:344 
GUYANA. Jentink. 1887b:301 BRAZIL. Jentink. 
1888b:221 SURINAME. 

Didelphis (Philander) philander: J. A. Allen and 
Chapman. 1893:203 TRINIDAD AND TOBA- 
GO. 

Didelphxs philander: Schreber. 1777:541. Goldfuss. 
1809:215 SURINAME. Waterhouse. 1841:102 
SURINAME: GUYANA. Cabanis and Schom- 
burgk. 1848:777 GUYANA. Wagner. 1850:130 
BRAZIL: Amazonas (Borba. Rio Madeira): Rio 
Branco [now Roraima] (Rio Branco). Pelzeln. 
1883:111 BRAZIL: Amazonas (Borba): Rio 
Branco [now Roraima] (Forte do Rio Branco). 
Thomas. 1888b:337 GUYANA: SURINAME: 
BRAZIL: Amazonas (Manaus). Thomas. 1893: 
10 TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO. 

D[idelphys] Philander: Wagner. 1842:358. 

Didelphxs (Philander) philander: Menegaux. 1902: 
496 FRENCH GUIANA: (Saint Georges). 

Gamba philander: Liais. 1872:330 BRAZIL. 

Metachirus philander: Ihering. 1894:1 1 BRAZIL: 
Sao Paulo. 

Caluromys philander: J. A. Allen. 1900a: 189 part. 
GUIANAS: BRAZIL (northeastern): part. VENE- 
ZUELA. Robinson and Lyon. 1901:138 VENE- 
ZUELA: Distrito Federal (San Julian). G. M. Al- 
len. 1902:92 VENEZUELA: Nueva Esparto (Isla 
Margarita). Thomas. 19 10b: 189 GUYANA: Pom- 
eroon-Supenaam (Supenaam River). Thomas. 
191 lb: 143 SURINAME: (type locality): holotype 
history. Miranda Ribeiro. 1935:39 BRAZIL: Rio 
de Janeiro (Teresdpolis). Miranda Ribeiro. 1936: 
358 BRAZIL: Para (Para: Rio Tocantins): Mato 
Grosso (Salto Utiarity: Rio Papagaio [= Sauerui- 
na]: Tapirapuan [= Tapirapua]): Maranhao: Rio de 
Janeiro (Teresdpolis): Santa Catarina. Davis. 
1945a: 1 19 BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro (Teresdpol- 
is). Davis. 1945b:280 BRAZIL. Davis. 1947:2 
BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro (Teresdpolis). Anduze. 
1956-57:8 VENEZUELA: Bolivar (Suapure. left 
bank Rio Caura: Valle del Caura: Ciudad Guyana): 
Distrito Federal (La Guaria). Carvalho. 1960: 
122 BRAZIL: Para (Conceicao do Araguaia). 
Handley. 1976:5 VENEZUELA: Amazonas (Be- 
len: Boca Mavaca: Cario Culebra: Puerto Ayacu- 
cho: San Juan de Manapiure: Tamatama): Sucre 
(Cumana: Manacal): Miranda (Curupao); Distrito 
Federal-Miranda (Instituto Venezolano de Investi- 
gaciones Cientfficas [= IVIC]: Los Venados): Fal- 
con (Mirimire: Urama): Carabobo (Montalban): 
Bolivar (Los Patos): Monagas (San Agustih). Reig 
et al.. 1977:212 VENEZUELA: Miranda (Baru- 
ta): Guarico (Dos Caminos): Aragua (La Horqueta. 
Tiara: Rancho Grande): Distrito Federal (Los Ven- 
ados): TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO: Simla (North- 



12 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



em Range, not located). Husson, 1978:9 SURI- 
NAME: Nickehe (Sipaliwini Airstrip); Commewi- 
jne (Marienburg; Clevia; Nieuw Amsterdam; 
Combe); Paramaribo (Culturutuin, Paramaribo; 
Ma Retrate; Pan van Wanica). Alkins, 1979:175 
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO. Eisenberg and 
O'Connell, 1979:187 VENEZUELA: Miranda- 
Guatopo (Parque Nacional Guatopo). Charles- 
Dominique et al., 1981:355 FRENCH GUI- 
ANA: (Cabassou). Da Fonseca and Kierulff, 
1988:109 BRAZIL: Minas Gerais (Rio Doce 
State Park [= Parque Estadual do Rio Doce]). 
Stallings, 1989:176 BRAZIL: Minas Gerais 
(Rio Doce State Park [= Parque Estadual do Rio 
Doce]). Julien-Laferriere and Atramentowiez, 
1990:405 FRENCH GUIANA: (Cabassou, Piste 
de Saint-Elie). Gardner, 1993:15 TRINIDAD 
AND TOBAGO: Tobago (Tobago). Julien-Laferri- 
ere, 1997:251 FRENCH GUIANA: Piste de 
Saint-Elie Ecerex Station. Pires et al., 1999:41 
BRAZIL; Rio de Janeiro (Poco das Antas, Reserva 
Biologica). 

Caluromys philander philander: Vieira, 1953:220 
BRAZIL: Alagoas (Mangabeiras). Avila Pires, 
1958:2 BRAZIL: Para (Utinga, Belem de Para). 
Cabrera, 1958:4 venezuelae in synonymy only. 
Carvalho, 1962:284 BRAZIL: Amapd (lower Rio 
Araguari, Macapa; Mazagao, Rio Maraca; Vila Vel- 
ha do Cassipore, Oiapaque). Pereira and Machado 
filho, 1968:283 BRAZIL: Amazonas (km 46, Es- 
trada AM-1). Pine, 1973b:54 BRAZIL: Para (Be- 
lem). Husson, 1978:9 SURINAME: Paramaribo 
(Pad van Wanica). Patterson, 1992:8 BRAZIL: 
Para (Cameta); Amazonas (Itacoatiara). 

Calurosmys philander philander: Avila Pires, 1964: 
8, 1 1 incorrect subsequent spelling of Caluromys 
philander philander. Vieira, 1953:220 BRAZIL: 
Amazonas (km 50, Manaus-Itacoatiara RR). 

Philander philander: Miranda Ribeiro, 1914:48 
BRAZIL: Mato Grosso (Salto Utiarity; Rio Papa- 
gaio [= Saueruina]; Tapirapoan [= Tapirapua], Rio 
Sepotuba). Sanderson, 1949:788 SURINAME. 

[Philander philander] philander: Cabrera, 1919:34 
classification. 

Philander philander philander: Vieira, 1955:347 
BRAZIL: Amazonas (Lago do Baptista); Para (Ca- 
meta; Caxiricatuba; Foz do Curua); Maranhao 
(Miritiba); Alagoas (Mangabeiras); Mato Grosso 
(Rio Papagaio; Tapirapoan [= Tapirapua], Rio Se- 
potuba); Bahia; Espirito Santo; Rio de Janeiro. 
Carvalho, 1960:122 BRAZIL: Para (Conceicao 
do Araguaia). 

V[sic = D(idelphis)] Flavescens Brongniart, 1792: 
115 FRENCH GUIANA: (type locality, Cay- 
enne). 

Didelphys dichura Wagner, 1842:358 BRAZIL: Sao 
Paulo (type locality, Ipanema; holotype, male, skin, 
Vienna Museum, collected 14 August 1819 by Jo- 
hann Natterer). Waterhouse, 1846:492 BRAZIL. 
Gardner, 1993:15 listed. 

Didelphys dichrura: Wagner, 1850:134 incorrect 
subsequent spelling of dichura Wagner, 1842 
BRAZIL: Sao Paulo (Ipanema). Pelzeln, 1883: 
1 12 BRAZIL: Sao Paulo (Ipanema; Itarare). 

Philander dichura: Burmeister, 1856:76 BRAZIL: 
Bahia. 



D[idelphis] dichura: Matschie, 1916:263 BRAZIL: 
Bahia; skull no. 25306 in Berlin Zoological Mu- 
seum erroneously indicated as holotype. 

[Caluromys] dichura: Matschie, 1916:269 BRA- 
ZIL: Sao Paulo (type locality, Ipanema). 

[Philander philander] dichrura: Cabrera, 1919:34 
incorrect subsequent spelling of dichura Wagner, 
1 842:358 classification. 

Philander philander dichrura: Pohle, 1927:241 in- 
correct subsequent spelling of dichura Wagner, 
1842 BRAZIL: Para (Santa Gertrudes, Araras); 
Sao Paulo (Jacarehy [= Jacarei]); holotype cor- 
rectly indicated as in Vienna Museum, not Berlin 
(cf. Matschie, 1916:263). 

Caluromys philander dichrurus: Vieira, 1949:345 
incorrect subsequent spelling of dichura Wagner, 
1842:358 BRAZIL: Sao Paulo. Vieira, 1955: 
347 BRAZIL: Sao Paulo (Sao Sebastiao; Piquete; 
Tambi; Monte Alegre [= Monte Alegre do Sul]). 
Avila Pires and Gouvea, 1977:10 BRAZIL: Rio 
de Janeiro Minas Gerais (Almoxarifado, Parque 
Nacional do Itatiaia); Sao Paulo (Ipanema). 

Didelphis affinis Wagner, 1842:358 BRAZIL: Mato 
Grosso (type locality, Rio Jurare; holotype, female, 
skin, Vienna Museum; collected 14 March 1829 by 
Johann Natterer). Wagner, 1850:136 BRAZIL: 
Mato Grosso. Pelzeln, 1883:1 1 1 BRAZIL: Mato 
Grosso (Rio Jurare). Gardner, 1993:15 listed. 

Caluromys affinis: J. A. Allen, 1900a: 189 classifi- 
cation. 

[Philander philander] affinis: Cabrera, 1919:34 
classification. 

Caluromys philander affinis: Cabrera, 1958:3 clas- 
sification. 

Philander marsupialis: Gray, 1843:101 BRAZIL. 

Didelphys macrura Pelzeln, 1883:1 1 1 BRAZIL: 
Amazonas (Borba), Natterer manuscript name in 
synonymy of Didelphys philander; nomen nudum. 

D[idelphys] longicaudata Pelzeln, 1883:111 Natter- 
er manuscript name in synonymy of Didelphys phi- 
lander; nomen nudum. 

[Didelphys (Philander)] longicauda Trouessart, 1898: 
1237 incorrect subsequent spelling for longicau- 
data Pelzeln (nomen nudum), in synonymy of P. 
philander. 

Didelphis {Philander) trinitatis Thomas, 1894a:438 
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO: Port-of-Spain (type 
locality, Botanic Garden; holotype, female in al- 
cohol, BMNH, collected by J. H. Hart). 

Philander trinitatis: J. A. Allen and Chapman, 1897: 
26 TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO: St. George 
(Caura). Rendall, 1897:342 TRINIDAD AND 
TOBAGO. 

Caluromys trinitatis: J. A. Allen, 1900a: 189. Vesey- 
Fitzgerald, 1936:6 TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO: 
western end of northern range. Beebe, 1952:181 
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO (Aruma Valley, not 
located). Handley, in Torrealba, 1958:97 VENE- 
ZUELA: Guarico (Municipio Parapara). 

Didelphys trinitatis: Elliot, 1907:6 TRINIDAD 
AND TOBAGO: St George (Caura). 

Caluromys trinitatis venezuelae Thomas, 1903:493 
VENEZUELA: Sucre (type locality, Ypure, near 
Cumana, 2350 ft [= 700 m]; holotype, old female, 
skin and skull, BMNH 0.5.1.57, collected 8 March 
1899 by E. Andre). Gardner, 1993:15 listed. 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



13 



Caluromys trinitatis leucurus Thomas, 1904b:36 
VENEZUELA: Bolivar (type locality, Maripa, Rio 
Caura. lower Rio Orinoco: holotype. male, skin and 
skull. BMNH 4.5.7.42. collected 26 October 1903 
by S. M. Klages). J. A. Allen. 1904d:337 VE- 
NEZUELA: Bolivar (Ciudad Bolfvar). Gardner. 
1993:15 listed. 

Holotype Name based on the tlaquazin or 
tai-ibi brasiliensibus of Seba; the type became 
part of the Lidth de Jeude collection subsequently 
acquired by the British Museum. It is now num- 
bered 414 (Thomas, 1892, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lon- 
don, 1892:314). 

Type Locality Suriname. 

Distribution (Fig. 5) Venezuela, Trinidad 
and Tobago. Guyana, Suriname. French Guiana, 
and Brazil. 

Additional Records VENEZUELA: Falcon; 
La Pastora (Smithsonian Expedition, 1967. 
USNM): Guarico; Municipio Parapara. Rosco 
(Torrealba, 1956. USNM); San Juan de los Mor- 
ros (Torrealba, 1957, FMNH); Camp Rangel, not 
located (de la Barena. 1959, USNM); TRINIDAD 
AND TOBAGO: St. Andrew; Mt. Harris (Wonder. 
1947, FMNH); GUYANA: Demerara-Mahaica; 
Hyde Park (Warren, FMNH); Cuyuni-Mazaruni; 
Essequibo, Oko Mts. (Blake, 1937, FMNH); SU- 
RINAME: Saramacca; La Poule (Hershkovitz. 
1962, FMNH); BRAZIL: Para; Braganca (Belem 
Virus Laboratory, 1968. USNM); Santarem. Mo- 
jui dos Campos (1975, USNM); Tapaiuna, right 
bank Rio Tapajos (Olalla, 1959, FMNH); Alta- 
mira, left bank Rio Xingu (Carleton, 1986. 
USNM; Santos, 1976, USNM); Fordlandia. right 
bank Rio Tapajos (Olalla, 1958, 1959. FMNH); 
Maraba (Peterson, 1975, USNM); Maranhao; 
Carolina (Snethlage, 1925, FMNH); Mato Gros- 
so; Serra do Roncador, 264 km N of Xavantina 
[= Chavantina] (Pine, 1968, USNM); Amapd; 
Serra do Navio (1968, USNM); Minas Gerais; 
Passos (1946, USNM). 



Genus Caluromysiops Sanborn, 1951 

Caluromysiops Sanborn. 1951a:473. Gardner. 1993: 
15 listed. 



Type Species Caluromysiops irrupta Sanborn. 

Distribution Southeastern Peru and western 
Brazil. Simonetta's (1979) record from southeast- 
ern Colombia, cited by Cuervo Diaz et al. (1986) 
and de Vivo and Gomes (1989), is probably based 
on a transported captive. 



Caluromysiops irrupta Sanborn, 1951 

Caluromysiops irrupta Sanborn. 1951a:473. Sanborn. 
1951b:3 PERU: Cusco (Quincemil). Grimwood. 
1968:1 PERU: Madre de Dios (Rio Alto Madre 
de Dios. Parque Nacional del Manu). Simonnetta. 
1979:247 COLOMBIA: Amazonas (Leticia). Ter- 
borgh et al.. 1984:1 PERU: Madre de Dios (Co- 
cha Cashu Biological Station. Parque Nacional del 
Manu). Cuervo Diaz et al., 1986:472 COLOM- 
BIA: Amazonas (Leticia). De Vivo and Gomez. 
1989:310 COLOMBIA: Amazonas (Leticia): 
PERU: Madre de Dios (Cocha Cashu Biological 
Station. Parque Nacional del Manu: Itahuania): 
Cusco (Quincemil. Quispicanchis Province); BRA- 
ZIL: Rondonia (Upper Rio Jani). Gardner. 1993: 
15 listed. 

Holotype Male, skin and skull, FMNH 
68336; collected 11 July 1950 by Celestino Kal- 
inowski. 

Type Locality Quincemil, Quispicanchis 
Province, Cusco, Peru; 680 m. 

Distribution (Fig. 6) Amazonas in Colombia, 
western Brazil, and southeastern Peru. 



Genus Glironia Thomas, 1912 

Glironia Thomas. 1912b:239. Reig. 1955:127 re- 
ferred to subfamily Microbiotheriinae. Gardner. 
1993:16 listed. 

Type Species Glironia venusta Thomas, by 
original designation. 

Distribution Ecuador, Peru. Bolivia, and the 
Amazon basin of Brazil. 



Glironia venusta Thomas, 1912 

Glironia venusta Thomas. 1912b:240. Thomas. 
1912c:47 BOLIVIA: La PazCochabamba 
(Yungas region). Cuervo-Dias et al., 1986:472 
COLOMBIA: Putumavo [now Amazonica]. Da Sil- 
va and Langguth, 1989:873 BRAZIL: Para (Rio 
Mapuera). Emmons. 1990:72-73 BOLIVIA: La 
Paz (Rio Machariapo). Pacheco et al., 1993:5 
PERU: Madre de Dios (Cocha Cashu). Tarifa and 
Anderson. 1997:1 12 PERU: Madre de Dios 
(Parque Nacional Manu); BOLIVIA: La Paz (Val- 
ley de Machariapo, Rio Machiriapo. Chaquinayo): 
Santa Cruz (6 mi E on road from San Javier to El 
Puente; Meseta de Huanchaca. Parque Nacional 
Noel Kempff Mercado). Anderson. 1997:140 
BOLIVIA: La Paz (Rio Machariapo: "Yungas"): 
Santa Cruz (San Javier, 12 km S). 

Glironia venusta: Cabrera. 1958:5 part. 

Glironia aequatorialis Anthony. 1926:1 ECUA- 
DOR: Napo (type locality, outlets of Lagarto Co- 
cha, on the Rio Aguarico above its confluence with 



14 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Caluromys philander 




1500 km 



lliLl 



90 



80 



70 



60 



50 



40 



30 



20" 



10 



Fig. 5. Distribution of Caluromys philander: Venezuela, Trinidad and Tobago, east through Guyana, Suriname, 
French Guiana, and south through Brazil. = localities from unpublished records; = localities given in published 
records. 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



15 



Caluromysiops irrupta 




1500 km 



30 

Fig. 6. Distribution of Caluromysiops irrupta: southeastern Colombia, western Brazil, and southeastern Peru. 
o = localities from unpublished records; = localities given in published records. 



the Rio Napo, Napo; holotype, female, skin and 
skull, AMNH 71393, collected 15 January 1926 by 
Olalla and Sons). Marshall, 1978:1 ECUADOR: 
Pastaza (Montalvo, Rio Bobonaza); Pasco (Pozu- 
zo). Gardner, 1993:16 listed. 
Glironia criniger Anthony, 1926:2 PERU: Loreto 
(type locality, junction of Rio Curaray and Napo; 
holotype, female, skin and skull, AMNH 71394, 
collected 5 December 1925 by Olalla and Sons). 
Gardner, 1993:16 listed. 

Holotype Male, skin and skull, BMNH 
12.1.15.7; collected April 1908 by L. Egg. 

Type Locality Pozuzo, Pasco, Peru, 800 m. 

Distribution (Fig. 7) Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, 
and the Amazon basin of Brazil. 

Additional Records PERU: Loreto; Quebra- 
da Vanilla (= Vainilla), 10 km SSW mouth of Rio 
Napo on east bank (Maxwell, 1983, LSUMZ); 
BOLIVIA: Tarija; Fabrica de Papel, N Cuyam- 
buyo, not located (Creighton, 1980, MVZ); Ha- 
cienda Conzulman, N Cuyambuyo, not located 
(Creighton, 1980, MVZ). 



Subfamily Didelphinae Gray, 1821 
Genus Chironectes Illiger, 1811 

Chironectes Illiger, 1811:76. Gardner, 1993:16 list- 
ed. 

Memina Fischer, 1813:579 type species, Lutra 
Meminna [sic] Boddaert [= Chironectes minimus 
Zimmerman]. Gardner, 1993:16 listed. 

Sarigua Muirhead, 1819:429 (part) S. memmima 
listed among included species. 

Cheironectes Gray, 1821:308 emendation of Chi- 
ronectes Illiger. 

Cheronectis Fleming, 1822:212 name in text, lapsus 
for Chironectes Illiger, with D. palmata only spe- 
cies mentioned. 

Gamba Liais, 1872:329 included species: Gamba 
palmata, G. aurita brasiliensis Liais [= Didelphis 
marsupialis azarae Temminck], Gamba aurita vir- 
giniana [= Didelphis marsupialis virginiana Kerr], 
Gamba opossum [ Philander opossum Linnaeus], 
Gamba philander [= Caluromys philander Linnae- 
us]. Hershkovitz, 1949:12 type species Gamba 
palmata Liais [= Chironectes minimus Zimmer- 
man], by designation. Gardner. 1993:16 listed. 

Chironeytes Goeldi and Hagmann, 1904:100 incor- 



16 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 




Fig. 7. Distribution of Glironia venusta: Ecuador, Peru, northern Bolivia, and the Amazon basin of Brazil, o 
localities from unpublished records; = localities given in published records. 



rect subsequent spelling of Chironectes Illiger, 
1811, in combination with palmata Cuvier. 

Type Species Lutra minima Zimmermann by 
monotypy. 

Distribution Neotropical forested parts of 
Central and South America from southern Mexico 
to northeast Argentina. 



Chironectes minimus (Zimmermann, 1780) 

Saricovienne Buffon, 1755, Hist. Nat., 319 descrip- 
tion of the "La Plata" saricovienne of Thevet, 
1558, Les singularites de la France antarctique au- 
trement nombree Amerique . . . , pp. 107, 108. 

Petite loutre d'eau douce de Cayenne Buffon, 1776: 
159, pi. 22 FRENCH GUIANA. 

Small Guiana otter Smellie, 1780:237, pi. 69. 

Latra minima Zimmermann, 1780:317 incorrect 
subsequent spelling of generic name. Gardner, 
1983:16 listed. 

Lutra minima: Cabrera, 1958:43 incorrect subse- 
quent spelling of generic name of Latra minima in 
synonymy of Chironectes minimus. 



Must[ela]. (Lutra) minima: Wolf, 1796:289 classi- 
fication. 

Chironectes minimus: Lydekker, 1887:329. Thomas, 
1888b:368 COLOMBIA: Antioquia (Medellfn); 
ECUADOR; GUYANA; BRAZIL: Para; Rio de 
Janeiro; Rio Grande do Sul (San Lorenzo [= Sao 
Lourenco do Sul]). De Winton, 1896:513 EC- 
UADOR: Pichincha (Nanegal, west of Quito; trib- 
utary of the Rio Guaillabamba, north of Quito). J. 
A. Allen, 1900c:219 PERU: Puno (Juliaca [error 
for Inca Mines, Rio Inambari]). Bangs, 1900:90 
COLOMBIA: Magdalena (Santa Marta). Thomas, 
1900a:549 BRAZIL: Parana (Palmeira). Thom- 
as, 1 90 lc:536 BRAZIL: Minas Gerais (Rio Jor- 
dao). J. A. Allen, 1912a:74 COLOMBIA: Valle 
del Cauca (Juanchito; Palmira). Osgood, 1914b: 
150 PERU: San Martin (Moyobamba). Miiller, 
1914:8 BRAZIL: Para (Peixe-boi, Belem). Ber- 
toni, 1914:68 PARAGUAY: (Yaguarasapa). J. A. 
Allen, 1916a:202 COLOMBIA: Valle del Cauca 
(Juanchito; Palmira; Barbacoas [now in Narino]; 
Bagado [now in Choco]; Rio Frio). Lonnberg, 
1921:67 ECUADOR: Pichincha (Gualea, 3000 ft 
[= 930 m]). Bertoni, 1923:51 PARAGUAY: Cen- 
tral (Bahia de Asuncion); Itapud (Pirayii-hi). Mi- 
randa Ribeiro, 1935:39 BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro 
(Teresopolis). Miranda Ribeiro, 1936:390 BRA- 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



17 



ZIL: Santa Catarina (Rio Novo do Itapocii): Rio 
de Janeiro (Jacarepagua: Colonia Alpina. Tereso- 
polis: Novo Friburgo): Para (Ilha das On^as. Be- 
lem). Bertoni. 1939:6 PARAGUAY: Central 
(Asuncion): Aha Parana (Puerto Bertoni): AR- 
GENTINA: Misiones (Iguasu). Vieira. 1949: 347 
BRAZIL: Minas Gerais; Goids: Rio de Janeiro: 
Para. Crespo. 1950:5 ARGENTINA: Misiones 
(San Javier. Rio Paraguay; Rio Parana-Guazu. 15 
km from the banks of the Rio Parana). Sanborn. 
1951b:3 PERU: Cusco (Hacienda Cadena): San 
Martin (Movobamba): Hudnuco (Pozuzo [now in 
Pasco]). Sanborn. 1953:4 PERU: Puna (Yalle 
Grande. Sandia. not located). Kuhlhorn. 1953a:7 
BRAZIL: Mato Grosso (Rio Pardo). Kuhlhorn. 
1953b:121 BRAZIL: Mato Grosso (Ribeirao 
Pedra [= Ribeirao das Pedras] near Rancho Pedra. 
Rio Pardo). Mondolfi and Medina. 1958:144 VE- 
NEZUELA: Aragua (Rio Cumboto: Rio Ocumare: 
Parque Nacional de Rancho Grande: El Consejo: 
Rio Periquito): Carabobo (Aguacatacal): Guarico 
(Rio Guarico). Reig. 1958:262 (footnote) AR- 
GENTINA: Entre Rfos (fossil). Lyne. 1959:8-1 
PERU: Junm (Chanchamayo): BRAZIL: Rio 
Grande do Sid (Sao Lourenco do Sul). Guallart. 
1962:157 PERU: Amazonas (upper Rio Mara- 
non). Schaldach. 1965:130 MEXICO: Oaxaca 
(north of Matias Romero. Rio Sarabia. 1800 m). 
Ruschi. 1965:3 BRAZIL: Espirito Santo (Santa 
Teresa). Grimwood. 1968a:9 PERU: San Martin 
(Movobamba): Puno (Carabaya): Hudnuco (Rio 
Pachitea: Tingo Maria): Juni'n (Tarma): Ucayali 
(Pucallpa: Rio Curanja): Madre de Dios-Cusco 
(Parque Nacional del Manu): Madre do Dios 
(Manu): Cusco (Quispicanchi). Yunis et al.. 1972: 
265 COLOMBIA: Meta (Rio Ocoa. Villavicen- 
cio- Acacias Road). Handley. 1976:9 YENEZUE- 
LA: Merida (Santa Rosa): Yaracuy (Minas de 
Aroa): Monagas (San Agusti'n). Reig et al.. 1977: 
212 VENEZUELA: Aragua (Rio Choroni). Alk- 
ins. 1979:1 TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO, de Frei- 
tas et al.. 1979:613 BR.AZIL: Rio Grande do Sul. 
Eisenberg et al.. 1979:187 VENEZUELA: Mi- 
randa-Guarico (Parque Nacional Guatopo). Tvn- 
dale-Biscoe. 1980:712 COLOMBIA: Volte 'del 
Cauca (Cali). Azevedo et al.. 1982:95 BRAZIL: 
Santa Catarina (Corupa: Blumenau: Camboriu: 
Brusque). Wilson. 1983:443 COSTA RICA: Pun- 
tarenas (Rincon. Corcovado National Park). Ter- 
borgh et al.. 1984:1 PERU: Madre de Dios (Co- 
cha Cashu Biological Station. Parque Nacional del 
Manu). Alho. Pereira. and Paula. 1986:446 BRA- 
ZIL: Distrito Federal (Parque Nacional de Brasi- 
lia). Gardner. 1988: 700 VENEZUELA: Amazon- 
as (Base Camp [= Campamento], Cerro de La 
Neblina). Timm et al.. 1989:16 COSTA RICA: 
Heredia (Puerto Viejo). Albuja. 1992:126 EC- 
UADOR: Los Rfos (Jauneche). Pacheco et al.. 
1993:5 PERU: Cusco (Hacienda Villa Carmen: 
Hacienda Erika). Yensen et al.. 1994:406 
BOLIVIA: La Paz (Apolo). Raseot and Albuja. 
1994: 176 ECUADOR: Pastaza (Mera). Heinen 
and Chebez. 1 99^: 19 ARGENTINA: Misiones 
(Parque Nacional Isuazui. Voss et al.. 2001:20 
FRENCH GUIANA (Paracou). 
Cheironectes minimus: Jentink. 1887:302 incorrect 



subsequent spelling of Chironectes Illiger. 1811 
SURINAME. 

[Lutra] menina: Boddaert. 1784:168 incorrect sub- 
sequent spelling of minima Zimmerman, 1780. 

Did[elphis] memina: Cuvier. 1798:125 incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Lutra menina Boddaert. 
178-1 FRENCH GUIANA (type locality). 

Didelphis memina: E. Geoffroy. 1803:144 incorrect 
subsequent spelling of menina Boddaert. 178-1 
FRENCH GUIANA: two specimens in Paris Mu- 
seum. 

Lutra memina: Desmarest. 1816:546 incorrect subse- 
quent spelling of menina Boddaert. 1784 palmata 
E. Geoffroy a synonym. 

Chironectes memina: Cope. 1889:130 incorrect sub- 
sequent spelling of menina Boddaert. 1784 BRA- 
ZIL: Mato Grosso (Chapada). 

Lutra memia: Desmarest. 1803:147 incorrect sub- 
sequent spelling of menina Boddaert. 178-1 GUY- 
ANA. 

Lutra memmina: Desmarest. 1804:507 incorrect 
subsequent spelling of menina Boddaert. 1784. 

S[arigua] memmima: Muirhead. 1819:429 new 
combination. 

Chironectes menima: Pohle. 1927:243 (in text) in- 
correct subsequent spelling of menina Boddaert. 
178-4 VENEZUELA: Distrito Federal (Caracas): 
PERU: Cusco (Marcapata). 

Chironectes minima minima: Krumbiegel. 1940:66 
VENEZUELA: Aragua (Choroni: Maracay); CO- 
LOMBIA: Cundinamarca (La Vega. E of Bogota). 

Chironectes minimus minimus: Avila Pires. 1958:5 
BRAZIL: Para (Ilha das Oncas. Belem). Goodwin 
and Greenhall. 1961:201 TRINIDAD AND TO- 
BAGO. Carvalho. 1965:251 BRAZIL: Sao Paulo 
(Boraceia). Carvalho and Tocheton. 1969:217 
BRAZIL: Para (Utinga). Baker. 1974:135 EC- 
UADOR: Sapo (Santa Cecilia). Crespo. 1974:-! 
ARGENTINA: Misiones (Pinalitos: Puerto Pirav: 
Rio Urugua-i). Massoia. 1976:30 ARGENTINA: 
Misiones (Department of General Belgrano. not lo- 
cated: Iguazii [Iguasii]: Cuarto Rio Victoria. Rt. 14. 
km 265. not located). Massoia et al.. 1987:111 
ARGENTINA: Misiones (Rio Urugua-i: San Javier: 
Arrovo Garupa: Arrovo Piray Guazii: Arroyo Tac- 
uara.' Cerro Azul). Gardner. 1988:700 VENE- 
ZUELA: Amazonas (Base Camp [= Campamento]. 
Cerro de La Neblina). Perez-Hernandez. 1989: 
37-1 VENEZUELA: Amazonas (Rio Cunucunu- 
ma: Campamento La Neblina: Parla Chonto. not 
located): Bolivar (Santa Maria del Erebato). An- 
derson et al.. 1993: 19 BOLIVIA: Santa Cruz (Rio 
Pitisama. Parque Nacional de Amboro). Anderson 
1997:141 BOLIVIA: Santa Cruz (Rio Pitisama. 
Parque Nacional de Amboro): Beni (Campamento 
6 de Agosto): La Paz (Apolo: La Reserva). 

M[ustela] (Lutra) paraguensis Kerr. 1792:172 PAR- 
AGUAY: (type locality. Rio de la Plata" [i.e.. the 
region comprising northeastern .Argentina and bor- 
dering parts of Uruguay and Paraguay with type 
locality, the latter by patrinomy]): name based on 
the saricovienne of Smellie"s translation of Buffon. 
Gardner. 1993:16 listed. 

M[ustela] (Lutra) guianensis Kerr. 1792:174 
FRENCH GUIANA: (type locality. Cayenne). 
Gardner. 1 993: 1 6 listed.' 



18 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



L[utra] gujanensis Link, 1795:84 FRENCH GUI- 
ANA: (type locality, by patrinomy; holotype, the 
petite loutre d'eau douce de Cayenne of Buffon, 
by implication). Gardner, 1993:16 listed. 

Lutra saricovienna Shaw, 1800:447 FRENCH GUI- 
ANA: (type locality, Cayenne). Gardner, 1993:16 
listed. 

[Mustela] cayennensis Turton, 1802:58 FRENCH 
GUIANA: (type locality, Cayenne); Cayenne otter, 
name based on the petite loutre d'eau douce de 
Cayenne of Buffon. Gardner, 1993:16 listed. 

Didelphis palmata Daudin in Lacepede, 1 799: 1 52 
name based on the petite loutre d'eau douce de 
Cayenne of Buffon. 

Didelphys palmata: Burmeister, 1854:133 BRAZIL: 
Rio de Janeiro (Novo Friburgo). 

Chironectes palmata: Gray, 1827:135 caption for 
colored plate. 

Gamba palmata: Liais, 1872:329 BRAZIL. 

Cheironectes Palmata: Burnett, 1830:351 incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Chironectes Illiger, 1811 
classification. 

Chironeyctes palmata: Goeldi and Hagmann, 1904: 
100 incorrect subsequent spelling of Chironectes 
Illiger, 1811 BRAZIL: Para (Ilha do Mosqueiro, 
near Belem). 

Chironectes palmatus: Hensel, 1873:121 BRAZIL 
Rio Grande do Sul. Ihering, 1893:101 BRAZIL 
Rio Grande do Sul (Costa da Serra, not located 
Serra do Herval [Erval]). Ihering, 1894:12 BRA- 
ZIL: Sao Paulo. Goeldi, 1894:465 BRAZIL: Rio 
de Janeiro (Serra dos Orgaos). Schirch, 1932:84 
BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro (Teresopolis). 

Mustela lutris Daudin in Lacepede, 1799:164 name 
based on the saricovienne of Buffon. 

Chironectes variegatus Illiger, 1815:107 substitute 
name for Lutra minima Zimmermann. Olfers, 1818: 
206 substitute name for Lutra minima Zimmer- 
mann. Burmeister, 1856:74 BRAZIL: Rio de Ja- 
neiro (Novo Friburgo). Sclater, 1872:702 CO- 
LOMBIA: Antioquia (Medellfn). Pelzeln, 1883: 
118 BRAZIL: Sao Paulo (Ipanema). Winge, 
1893:850 BRAZIL: Minas Gerais (Lagoa Santa). 
Gardner, 1993:16 listed. 

Ch[ironectes] variegates: Cabanis and Schomburgk, 
1848:778 GUYANA. 

Chironectes yapock Desmarest, 1820:261 replace- 
ment name for "memina" [= minima] Zimmer- 
mann. Gray, 1827:35 FRENCH GUIANA: (banks 
of Yapock [= Oyapock] River). Ogilby, 1836:56 
BRAZIL. Gardner, 1993:16 listed. 

Didelphys Yapock: Waterhouse, 1841:112. 

Chironectes Langsdorffii Boitard, 1845:288 BRA- 
ZIL: Rio de Janeiro (type locality, near Rio de Ja- 
neiro). Gardner, 1993:16 listed. 

Chironectes panamensis Goldman, 1914:1 PANA- 
MA: Darien (type locality, Santa Cruz de Cana, 
upper Rio Tuyra, 606 m; holotype, male, skin and 
skull, USNM 179164, collected 23 March 1912 by 
E. A. Goldman). Zelek, 1 930:470 PANAMA. En- 
ders, 1935:413 PANAMA: Colon/Panama (Barro 
Colorado). Dickey, 1928:15 EL SALVADOR: La 
Libertad (Hacienda Zapotitan); Handley, 1966: 
755 PANAMA: Chiriqui (Rio Colorado); Los 
Santos (Guanico; Cerro Hoya); Colon/Panama 
(Isla Barro Colorado [= Barro Colorado]); Panama 



(Cerro Azul); San Bias (Mandinga; Armila); Da- 
rien (Tacarcuna; Boca de Rio Paya; Rio Jaque, 
Jaque; Guayabo); Veraguas (Rio Bubi, Rio Viejo). 
Baker, 1974:135 ECUADOR: Esmeraldas (Quin- 
inde). Perez-Hernandez, 1989:374 VENEZUE- 
LA: Merida (La Mucuy); Portuguesa (Colonia 
Agricola Turen); Aragua (Cuyagua; Estacion Biol- 
ogica de Rancho Grande; Rio Tuy); Guarico (Re- 
presa de Guanapito); Miranda (Rio Birongo; La 
Toma Capaya; Casupito, Parque Nacional Guato- 
po); Sucre (Playa Colorado); Monagas (Caripe). 
Gardner, 1993:26 listed. 

Chironectes menima bresslaui Pohle, 1927:242 in- 
correct subsequent spelling BRAZIL: Rio de Ja- 
neiro (type locality, Teresopolis); Sao Paulo (Pir- 
acicaba); (holotype, female, skin and skull, ZMB 
35441). Gardner, 1993:16 listed. 

Chironectes minima bresslaui: Krumbiegel, 1940: 
67 BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro (Teresopolis); Sao 
Paulo (Piracicaba). 

Chironectes argyrodytes Dickey, 1928:15 EL SAL- 
VADOR: La Libertad (type locality, Hacienda Za- 
potitan, Rio Sucio; holotype, male, skin and skull, 
no. 12986, Donald R. Dickey Collection, MVZ, 
collected 20 June 1927 by R. A. Stirton). Goodwin, 
1942:112 HONDURAS: Gracias (Las Flores 
Gracias); Comayagua (Minas de Oro); Francisco 
Morazdn (Tegucigalpa); EL SALVADOR: La Lib- 
ertad (Hacienda Zapotitan). Ramirez-Pulido et al., 
1982:13 MEXICO: Tabasco (Golfo de Campe- 
che); Chiapas (Pacific coast); Oaxaca (Matfas 
Romero). Gardner, 1993:16 listed. 

Chironectes minima argyrodytes: Krumbiegel, 1940: 
68 classification. 

Chironectes minimus argyrodytes: Lay, 1962:374 
MEXICO: Tabasco (Rio Teapa). 

Type None in existence. Name based on Buf- 
fon's petite loutre d'eau douce de Cayenne. 

Type Locality Cayenne, French Guiana. 

Distribution (Figs. 8 and 9) The originally 
forested parts of the Neotropical region from Oa- 
xaca and Tabasco, Mexico, south through Central 
America and Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, 
Venezuela, and the Guianas, Bolivia, the Orino- 
coan and Amazonian regions to Rio Grande do 
Sul, Brazil, Paraguay, and northeastern Argentina. 

Additional Records MEXICO: Tabasco; 
Teapa, 2 mi NW (Armstrong, 1961, LSUMZ; Lay, 
1960, LSUMZ); Chiapas; Pichucalco (Smith, 
1965, KU); HONDURAS: Lempira; Siguatepeque 
(Edwards, 1935, USNM); EL SALVADOR: La 
Libertad; Zapotitan (Stirton, 1927, MVZ); GUA- 
TEMALA: Izabal; Rio Las Escobas, 3 mi WSW 
Puerto Santo Tomas (Campbell, 1981, KU); Finca 
Rio Frio (McLean, 1984, USNM); NICARA- 
GUA: Nueva Segovia; Jalapa (Phillips, 1967, KU; 
Smith, 1967, KU); Boaco; Santa Rosa, 17 km N, 
15 km E of Boaco (Genoways, 1967, KU; Jones, 
1967, 1968, KU); Teustepe (Kirsch, 1968, KU); 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



19 




Fig. 8. Distribution of Chironectes miniums in Central America: Oaxaca and Tabasco, Mexico, south through 
Panama. See Figure 9 for distribution in South America, o = localities from unpublished records; = localities given 
in published records. 



Los Cocos (Choate, 1968, KU; Genoways, 1968, 
KU; Smith, 1968, KU); Zelaya; El Recreo, S side 
Rio Mico (Jones, 1968, KU); Cara de Mono 
(Schlitter, 1967, KU); Matagalpa; San Ramon, 
not located (Alcorn, 1956, KU); COSTA RICA: 
San Jose; San Jose (Zeledon, 1866, USNM); 
Guanacaste; Finca Pacffica, 3 mi N of Canas 
(Janzen, 1966, UMMZ); Cartago; Agua Caliente 
(Torres, 1948, KU); Rio Reventazon, 5 km SE of 
Turrialba (Westman, 1947, KU); Linton; Cariari 
(Gardner, 1967, LSUMZ); Alajuela; San Carlos 
(Smith, 1934, FMNH); PANAMA: Chiriqui; Fin- 
ca Santa Clara, El Volcan (Enders, 1971, 1972, 
USNM); Escopeta Camp (Pine, 1980, USNM); 
Veraguas; Rio Bubi, near Sona (Curtis, 1951, 
USNM); Cornes, Rio Viego (Curtis, 1950, 
USNM); Isla Cebaco (Tyson, 1965, USNM); Co- 
lon; Mohinga Valley, 3 mi S of Fort Sherman 
(Setzer, 1953, USNM); Panama; Pedro Miguel 
(Keenen, 1953. 1954, USNM); Chepa (Gorgas 
Memorial Laboratory, USNM); Colon/Panama; 
Nuevo San Juan, not located (Clark, 1951, 
USNM); San Bias; Rio Pito (Handley, 1963, 
USNM); Quebrada Venado (Handley, 1963, 
USNM); Quebrada Repressa. Puerto Obaldia 



(Handley, 1963, USNM); Darien; Cana (Gold- 
man, 1912, USNM); Rfo Imamado, Jaque (Green- 
well, 1966, USNM); Cerro Mali (Handley, 1964, 
USNM); Bocas del Tow; Rio Changuinola (Bar- 
rett, 1962, USNM; Handley, 1963, USNM); 
Changuinola (Handley, 1960, USNM); Sibube 
(Handley, 1963, USNM); COLOMBIA: Cordoba; 
Rfo Nam, upper Rio Sinu (Hershkovitz, 1949, 
FMNH); Socorre, upper Rfo Sinu (Hershkovitz, 
1949, FMNH); Choco; Rfo Baudo, Rfo Sando 
(von Sneidern, 1958, FMNH); Rfo Docampado 
(von Sneidern, 1958, FMNH); Valle del Cauca; 
Zabaletas (von Sneidern, 1956, FMNH); Cauca; 
La Boca Rfo Saija [= Rfo Saija] (von Sneidern, 
1958, FMNH); El Papayo (von Sneidern, 1958, 
FMNH); Sabanetas (von Sneidern, 1958, FMNH); 
Huila; San Calixto, Valle de Suaza (Hershkovitz, 
1943, USNM); Cesar; Colonia de Agrfcola de 
Caracolicito (de Santa Marta) (Hershkovitz, 1943, 
USNM); La Guajira; Villanueva (Hershkovitz, 
1943, USNM); Boyacd; Rio Cobaria (von Snei- 
dern, 1959, FMNH); Meta; Villavicencio, near 
(Medem, 1953, FMNH); Los Micos, San Juan de 
Arama (von Sneidern, 1957, FMNH); ECUA- 
DOR: Manabi; San Jose (Gomez, 1942, FMNH); 



20 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 




Fig. 9. Distribution of Chironectes minimus in South America: Honduras south to Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, 
Bolivia, Paraguay, northeastern Argentina, and southern Brazil; Venezuela, the Guianas, and northeastern Brazil. See 
Figure 8 for distribution in Central America, o = localities from unpublished records; = localities given in published 
records. 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



21 



Pichincha; Mindo (Voss, 1980, MZUM); El Oro; 
Puente de Moromoro (Gardner, 1976, USNM); 
PERU: Amazonas; Rio Cenepa, N of Huampami 
(Patton, 1977, MVZ); Loreto; Centro Union, Rio 
Aucayo, not located (Soini, 1972, FMNH); Uca- 
yali; Rio Alto Purus (Agnew and Adams, 1962, 
LSUMZ); Balta. Rio Curanja (Gardner, 1966, 
LSUMZ); Madre de Dios; Shintuya, right bank 
Rio Alto Madre de Dios (Willard, 1980, FMNH); 
Cusco; Huajyumbe (Kalinowski, 1953, FMNH); 
Quincemil (Kalinowski, 1953, FMNH); VENE- 
ZUELA: Aragua; Ocumare de la Costa (Handley. 
1960, USNM); Amazonas; Puerto Ayacucho 
(Smithsonian Venezuelan Project, 1967, USNM); 
GUYANA: Barima-Wiani; Warapaco Mission, 
Warapoko Creek, Wiani Creek [= Waropoko Mis- 
sion, Waropoko Creek, Wiani Creek] (Evans, 
1953, USNM); BRAZIL: Acre; Rio Jurua. upper 
(Hill, FMNH); Para; Barcarena, 23 km SW of 
Belem (Pine, 1968, USNM); Cameta, 25 m, left 
bank Rio Tocantins (Olalla, 1933, FMNH); Sao 
Paulo; Rocha at ca. 50 m, ca. 40 km NNW of 
Juquia (Olalla, 1961, FMNH); PARAGUAY: La 
Cordillera; Salto de Pirareta, 10 km S of Piribe- 
buy, not located (Myers, 1973, UMMZ); Para- 
guari; Piribebuy (Myers, 1976, UMMZ); Parque 
Nacional Ybycuf (Creighton, 1979, UMMZ; Dob- 
son, 1979, UMMZ; Myers, 1979, MZUM); Itap- 
ud; Puerto San Rafael [= San Rafael], 2 km 
NNW (Myers, 1978, UMMZ); Canendiyu; Curu- 
guaty, 6.3 km N (Myers, 1976, UMMZ). 



Genus Didelphis Linnaeus, 1758 

Didelphis Linnaeus, 1758:54 included species, mar- 
supialis, philander [Caluromys philander], opos- 
sum [= Philander], murina [ = Marmosa marmo- 
sa], dorsigera [= Marmosa murina]. Gardner. 
1993:16 listed. 

Didelphys Schreber, 1778:532 classification: name 
and emendation of Didelphis Linnaeus. 

Opossum Schmid. 1818:115 included species: mar- 
supialis Linnaeus [here designated type species], 
virginiana [not Kerr; = Philander opossum], mu- 
rina [= Marmosa murina]. 

Sarigua Muirhead, 1819:429 part, included species 
Didelphis marsupialis and cancrivora, Linnaeus 
and S. [sarigua] opossum (part). 

Didelphus I. Geoffroy, 1831:17 (atlas) incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Didelphis Linnaeus, 1758. 

Gamba Liais, 1872:329 type species, Gamba aurita 
var. brasiliensis Liais [= Didelphis aurita Wied- 
Neuwied] by monotypy. 

Dimerodon Ameghino, 1 889(6):479 type species D. 
mutilatus Ameghino, by monotypy. 

Leucodidelphis Ihering, 1914:356 type species, D. 



paraguayensis Oken 1816 [= Didelphis albiventris 
Lund] by original designation. 

Leucodidelphys: Krumbiegel, 1941a:34 incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Leucodidelphis Ihering, 
1914 subgenus of Didelphys; type species, Leu- 
codidelphys paraguayensis Oken [= Didelphis al- 
biventris Lund], by original designation. 

Leucodidelphis: Krumbiegel, 1941a:34. 

Leucodelphis Cabrera, 1958:41 incorrect subsequent 
spelling of Leucodidelphis Ihering. 1914 in syn- 
onymy of Didelphis Linnaeus. 

Type Species Didelphis marsupialis Linnae- 
us, by subsequent designation (Thomas, 1911). 

Distribution (Figs. 10 and 11) From south- 
ern Canada south through Central America, and 
South America into northern half of Argentina. 



Didelphis albiventris Lund, 1841 

Carigueya brasiliensis: Marcgrave, 1648:222. 

Tai-ibi brasiliensibus: Marcgrave. 1648:223. 

Micoure premier ou Micoure proprement dit: Mo- 
reau-Saint-Mery in Azara, 1801:244. 

Didelphis Virginiana, Desmarest (part, not Kerr). 
1817:420 Azara's micoure premier in synonymy. 

Didelphis paraguayensis Froriep, 1822:273 nomen 
nudum in notice of specimens received from Brazil 
by the Vienna Museum; not an available name. 

Didelphis paraguayensis J. A. Allen, 1902:267 
PARAGUAY: Central (type locality, Asuncion); 
URUGUAY; BRAZIL: Minas Gerais (Lagoa San- 
ta: Rio Jordao): Rio Grande do Sul; ARGENTINA: 
Tucumdn; Corrientes (Goya); new name estab- 
lished by use of previously unavailable name (In- 
ternational Code of Zoological Nomenclature, 
1999:99). Thomas. 1903:243 BRAZIL: Mato 
Grosso (Santa Anna de Chapada [= Chapada dos 
Guimaraes]). Thomas. 1 9 10a:247 ARGENTINA: 
Buenos Aires (Los Inglesas). Ihering, 1914:344 
BRAZIL: Sao Paulo (Ituverava; Rincao; Franca); 
Bahia (Villa Nova): Ceard. L. E. Miller, 1916: 
589 BRAZIL. Cabrera, 1917:10 ECUADOR: 
Pichincha (Quito). Thomas, 1926b:327 BOLIV- 
IA: Tarija (Carlazo). Thomas, 1926c:608 AR- 
GENTINA: Tucumdn (Cerro del Campo; Burruy- 
acu, 800 m). Sanborn, 1929:150 URUGUAY. De- 
vincenzi, 1935:88 URUGUAY Bertoni, 1939:6 
PARAGUAY Gilmore, 1941:316 distribution. 
Krumbiegel. 1941a:32, 37 distribution. Vieira, 
1949:343 BRAZIL: Sao Paulo; Rio Grande do 
Sul; Mato Grosso; Maranhao; Bahia; Goids. Vi- 
eira, 1951:124 BRAZIL: Mato Grosso (Rio das 
Mortes; Sao Domingos). Kuhlhorn, 1953a:5 
BRAZIL: Mato Grosso (Alto Parana [now in Mato 
Grosso do Sul]: (Rio Ivinheima now in Mato Gros- 
so do Sul). Kuhlhorn, 1953b: 120 BRAZIL: Mato 
Grosso do Sul (Rio Ivinheima). Kuhlhorn, 1955: 
162 BRAZIL: Mato Grosso. Ruschi, 1965:1 
PARAGUAY: Central (Asuncion). Steyer and Pau- 
lette Vanrell, 1970:434 BRAZIL: Rio Grande do 
Sul (Rio Taquari, valley of). 

D[idelphis] paraguayensis: Miranda Ribeiro, 1936: 



22 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 




Fig. 10. Distribution of Didelphis in northern Central America: northern Mexico south through Central America 
to Colombia. See Figure 1 1 for distribution in South America (North American distribution not shown). 



399 BRAZIL: Mato Grosso do Sul (Coxim); 
Mato Grosso (Caceras); Golds (Tocantins, not lo- 
cated). 

Didelphis paraguayensis paraguayensis: J. A. Allen, 
1 9 16b:562 PARAGUAY: Presidente Hayes (Rio 
Negro); Central (Trinidad); BRAZIL: Mato Grosso 
(Utiarity). Yepes, 1936:696 ARGENTINA: Men- 
doza (La Paz; San Rafael; Rivadavia; San Carlos); 
Cordoba (La Paz); San Luis (Rincon); dennleri 
Marelli, in synonymy. Moojen, 1943:2 BRAZIL: 
Pernambuco (Pocao). 

Didelphys paraguayensis: Krieg, 1924:637 AR- 
GENTINA: Sante Fe. Krumbiegel, 1941a:37 
BRAZIL: Mato Grosso do Sul (Rio Ivinheima); Rio 
Grande do Sul (Passo Fundo); PARAGUAY: Cha- 
co (San Luis de la Sierra, not loaded; Centurion 
[now in Concepcion]; Mennoniten Kolonien [= 
Colonia Mennonita, now in Boqueron]; Nueva Ger- 
mania [now in San Pedro]); BOLIVIA: Santa Cruz 
(San Jose, Rio San Miguel); ARGENTINA: Mi- 
siones; Formosa (La Urbana, Rio Pilcomayo); San- 
ta Fe (Estancia La Germania); Santa Fei 'Santiago 
del Estero (Estancia la Geraldina). 

Did[elphys]. paraguayensis paraguayensis: Krumbie- 
gel, 1941b:41 distribution. 

[Leucodidelphys] paraguayensis paraguayensis: 
Krumbiegel, 1941a:34 classification. 

Didelphis Azarae Rengger (not Temminck, 1824), 
1830:223 PARAGUAY Waterhouse, 1839:93 
URUGUAY: Maldonado (Maldonado). Burmeister, 
1856:61 PARAGUAY; URUGUAY: Montevideo 
(Montevideo); BRAZIL: Sao Paulo southward. 



Thomas, 1902b:245 ARGENTINA: Cordoba 
(Cruz del Eje). 

Didelphis azarae: Jentink (not Temminck, 1824), 
1887:300 ECUADOR: Pichincha (Quito). Jen- 
tink, 1888:219 part, BRAZIL; ECUADOR: Pi- 
chincha (Quito); ARGENTINA: Buenos Aires 
(Buenos Aires). Thomas, 1901c:536 BRAZIL: 
Minas Gerais (Rio Jordao). Yepes, 1944:60 AR- 
GENTINA: Formosa (Las Lomitas); Santa Fe 
(Malabrigo; Villa Ana); Buenos Aires (25 de 
Mayo); Salta (Zuviria; Lumbrera; Cayafate [= Ca- 
fayate]; El Quebrachal; Dragones; Tabacal; Agu- 
aray); Jujuy (Arenal; Rib Blanco); Mendoza (Ri- 
vadavia; San Carlos; San Rafael). Reig, 1964: 
207 ARGENTINA: Buenos Aires (Arroyo Brus- 
quitas; Arroyo Chapadamalal; Baliza Caviu; Mar 
del Plata [= Ciudade]; Mar del Sur; Miramar). 
Contreras, 1973:215 ARGENTINA: Buenos Ai- 
res (Laguna Chasico). Mendez, 1977:111 CO- 
LOMBIA: Valle del Cauca (Finca Hollanda, near 
Paramo de Chinche [Hershkovitz, pers. comm., as- 
signs this specimen to albiventris]). 

D[idelphis] Azarae: Cabrera (not Temminck, 1824), 
1913:145 ECUADOR. 

Didelphus azarae, I. Geoffroy (not Temminck, 1 824), 
1831:17 (atlas) incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Didelphis Linnaeus, 1758 BRAZIL. 

Didelphys Azarae: Waterhouse (not Temminck, 
1824), 1841:83 incorrect subsequent spelling of 
Didelphis Linnaeus, 1758 BRAZIL; URUGUAY: 
Maldonado (Maldonado [Darwin collector]). Bur- 
meister, 1861:412 ARGENTINA: Tucumdn; 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



23 




Fig. 1 1 . Distribution of Didelphis in southern Central and South America: throughout South America, excluding 
Chile and southern Argentina. See Figure 10 for distribution in northern Central America (North American distribution 
not shown). 



24 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



URUGUAY: [= Banda Oriental (Oriente)]. Hensel, 
1873:111 BRAZIL: Rio Grande do Sul; azarae 
authors, not Temminck [= D. marsupialis]. Bur- 
meister, 1 879: 1 89 ARGENTINA. Ihering, 1892: 
98 BRAZIL: Rio Grande do Sul. 

D[idelph\s\ azarae: Wagner (not Temminck, 1824), 
1843b": 3 8 part. PARAGUAY: Gran Chaco; AR- 
GENTINA: Entre Rios; URUGUAY: (Banda Ori- 
ental [Oriente], not located). Tschudi, 1844a: 143 
PERU: part. Tschudi, 1844b: 250 PERU: part. 

Didelphys azarae: Waterhouse (not Temminck, 1 824), 
1846:470 BRAZIL; PARAGUAY; BOLIVIA; 
URUGUAY: Maldonado (Maldonado; "El Cor- 
te"); COLOMBIA: Cundinamarca (Santa Fe [now 
Santafe] de Bogota). Tomes, 1860:268 ECUA- 
DOR: Azuay (Cuenca). Hensel, 1867:290 BRA- 
ZIL: Rio Grande do Sul. Aplin, 1894:314 URU- 
GUAY. Thomas, 1900a:549 BRAZIL: Parana 
(Palmeira). 

Didelphys marsupialis var. azarae: Thomas (not Tem- 
minck, 1824), 1888b:328 azarae Burmeister, not 
Temminck [= marsupialis]; COLOMBIA: Cundi- 
namarca (Santa Fe [now Santafe] de Bogota); BO- 
LIVIA; BRAZIL: Rio Grande do Sul (Taquara); 
CHILE (purchased specimen, probably not origi- 
nating in Chile). Lyne, 1959:84 ECUADOR: Pi- 
chincha (Cayambe). 

Didelphys marsupialis azarae: Cope (not Temminck, 
1824), 1889:129 BRAZIL: Rio Grande do Sul 
(Sao Joao do Monte Negro). 

Didelphys marsupialis var. D. azarae: Figueira (not 
Temminck, 1824), 1894:8 (separate) URUGUAY. 

Didelphis azarae azarae: Cabrera (not Temminck, 
1824), 1958:41 classification; synonyms, albiven- 
tris, poecilotis, poecilonota, leucotis, lechii, para- 
guayensis, bonariensis, dennleri. Fornes and Mas- 
soia, 1965:101 ARGENTINA: Buenos Aires 
(Miramar). 

Didelphys azarai: Ringuelet, 1954:295 incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Didelphis azarae Rengger, 
1830 ARGENTINA: Cordoba (Barrancas del Rio 
Primero [Post Pampean, lower Quaternary]). 

Didelphis albiventris Lund, 1841:106. Lund, 1842: 
133, 199 BRAZIL: Minus Gerais (Lagoa Santa). 
Ihering, 1914:345 BRAZIL: Sao Paulo (Ituvera- 
va; Rincao; Franca); Bahia (Villa Nova); Ceard; 
synonyms, tai-ibi brasiliensibus Marcgrave, 1648; 
poecilotis Wagner, 1842; paraguayensis Allen, 
1902. Ruschi, 1965:191 PARAGUAY: Central 
(Asuncion). Ximenez and Langguth, 1971:48 
URUGUAY: Rio Negro (Rio Negro). Wetzel and 
Lovett, 1974:205 PARAGUAY: Boqueron (Es- 
tancia Juan de Zalazar); Chaco (Fortin Juan de Zal- 
azar [now in Presidente Hayes). Mendez, 1977: 
111 COLOMBIA: Valle del Cauca (Finca Hol- 
landa). Handley, 1976:5 VENEZUELA: Tdchira 
(Buena Vista); Merida (Paramito; Tabay). Reig et 
al., 1977:211 PERU: Hudnuco (Cordillera Car- 
pish); VENEZUELA: Merida (Laguna Negra; Tim- 
otes); ARGENTINA: Buenos Aires (Punta Lara). 
Olrog, 1979:10 ARGENTINA: Jujuv (Cerro Cal- 
ilegua). Genoways et al., 1981:319 SURINAME: 
Brokopondo (Brownsberg Nature Park). Tyndale- 
Biscoe, 1980:712 COLOMBIA: Valle del Cauca 
(Pichinde; Pilimbala, not located). Mares et al., 
1981:167 ARGENTINA: Salta (El Breal [= Ri- 



vadavia]). Cajal, 1981:27 ARGENTINA: Tucu- 
mdn (Aguas Chiquitas). Varejao and Valle, 1982: 
37 BRAZIL: Minas Gerais (Rio Acima; Aragu- 
ari; Bambui; Belo Horizonte; Bonfinopolis de Mi- 
nas; Cachoeira do Campo; Caete (= Rocas Novas); 
Carmiopolis de Minas; Douradoquara; Fazenda 
Cascata; Florestal; Itabira; Jose de Melo; Lagoa 
Santa; Lassance; Luz; Machado; Mateus Leme; 
Mato Verde; Matozinhos; Monte Bello; Novo 
Lima; Para de Minas; Paraopeba; Passos; Patos de 
Minas; Pedro Leopoldo; Pirapora; Pompeu; Prados; 
Presidente Juscelino; Presidente de Morais; Sahara; 
Salinas, Santa Luzia; Sao Gon^alo Rio Abaixo 
[Ciudade]; Sao Roque de Minas; Tupaciguara; Ser- 
ra do Caraca [= Santa Barbara]); Goids (Anapolis); 
Distrito Federal (Brasilia). Yonenaga-Yasuda, 
1982:72 BRAZIL: Sao Paulo (Americana; Nova 
Odessa; Santa Maria da Serra). Crespo, 1982a:59 
ARGENTINA: Misiones (Parque Nacional Iguazii). 
Seluja et al., 1984:702 URUGUAY: Canelones 
(Banado de Carrasco; Las Piedras); Rocha (La 
Tuna); Tacuarembo (Rio Negro); Maldonado (Pir- 
apolis). Fonseca and Redford, 1984:518 BRA- 
ZIL: Distrito Federal (Reserva Ecologica Biologi- 
ca do Instituto de Geografia e Estatfstica [IBGE]). 
Cerqueira, 1984:96 BRAZIL: Pernambuco (Bom 
Conselho; Triunfo; Exu; Garanhuns; Pedra; Pes- 
queira); Paraiba (Princesa Isabel); Ceard (Crato); 
Bahia (Feira de Santana; Jabaquara; Jequie; Ju- 
azeiro; Palmeiras; Seabra; Serrinha); Alagoas (Pal- 
meira dos Indios; Quebrangulo; Vicosa). Cerqueira, 
1985:135 BRAZIL: Bahia (Castro Alves); Ala- 
goas (Vicosa). Alho et al., 1986:451 BRAZIL: 
Distrito Federal (Parque Nacional de Brasilia). Ma- 
res et al., 1986:294 BRAZIL: Distrito Federal 
(Brasilia). Massoia et al., 1987:116 ARGENTI- 
NA: Misiones (Rio Urugua-i). Nogueira, 1988: 
233 BRAZIL: Minas Gerais (Belo Horizonte). 
Gardner, 1988:690 VENEZUELA: Amazonas 
(Camp II, Cerro de La Neblina; Camp VII, Cerro 
de La Neblina). Gardner, 1 990:4 1 2 VENEZUE- 
LA: Bolivar (Auyan-tepuf); Amazonas (Camp II, 
Neblina; Camp VII, Neblina). Gardner, 1993:16 
listed. Heinonen and Bosso, 1994:55 ARGEN- 
TINA: Jujuy (Parque Nacional Calilegua). Rageot 
and Albuja, 1994:172 ECUADOR: Pastaza 
(Mera). Mares and Ernest, 1995:775 BRAZIL: 
Distrito Federal (Reserva Ecologica Biologica do 
Instituto de Geografia e Estatfstica [= IBGE)). Ma- 
res et al. 1996:101 ARGENTINA: Tucumdn 
(Aconquija; Concepcion; Cerro del Campo; El 
Cadillal Dike, 25 km NW of San Miguel de Tu- 
cuman; El Cajon; 4 km W of junction 338 and road 
to Horco Molle, on road to San Javier; Biological 
Reserve at Horco Molle; Los Romanos; Mala 
Mala; Escuela Normal, Monteros; Piedra Tendida; 
San Fernando; San Pedro de Colalao; km 42, on 
highway 364, south of San Pedro de Colalao; 
Aguas Chiquitas; Pozo Hondo; Dique Escaba; San- 
ta Rosa de Leales; Tafi del Valle). Capllonch et al., 
1997:53 ARGENTINA: Tucumdn (Parque Biol- 
ogico Sierra de San Javier). Mares et al., 1997: 
100 ARGENTINA: Catamarca (Choya; Andal- 
gala). Morando and Polop, 1997:130 ARGEN- 
TINA: Cordoba. Catzeflis et al., 1997:231 
FRENCH GUIANA (Sinnamary River; Crique 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



25 



Tigre). Mares and Braun, 2000:30 ARGENTINA: 
Catamarca (Andalgala; Choya; La Merced); Men- 
doza (Tunuyan, 27 km S, 96 km N); Misiones (Ar- 
istobulo de Valle, 10 km W on Rio Cunapiru); Sal- 
ta (Aguaray; Cafayate; Dragones; El Quebrachal; 
Lumbrera; Parque Nacional Baritu; Parque Nacion- 
al El Rey; Santa Victoria, El Breal, 6 km SW of; 
Tabacal); San Luis (San Francisco del Monte de 
Oro); Santiago del Estero (Santo Domingo); Tu- 
cumdn (Aconquija, Concepcion; Cerro del Campo; 
El Cadillal Dike; El Cajon; Biological Reserve at 
Horco Molle; junction 338 road to Horco Molle, 4 
km W; Los Romanos; Mala Mala; Escuela Normal, 
Monteros; Piedra Tendida; San Fernando; km 42, 
highway 64, S of San Pedro de Colalao; San Pedro 
de Colalao); Buenos Aires (Arroyo Brusquitas; Ar- 
royo Brusquitas-Miramar; Arroyo Chapadmalal; 
Azul, 4 km NE; Azul Benson Farm, not located; 
Baliza Caniii; Laguna de Los Padres; La Plata, 
Punta Lara; Los Yngleses; Mar del Plata, S of; 
Ciudad de Mar del Plata; Mar del Sur; Miramar; 
Punta Lara, Ribera; Reserva Natural Otamendi; 25 
de Mayo); Chaco (Parque Nacional Chaco; Puerto 
Bermejo, 10 km S); Cordoba (Cruz de Eje; La 
Paz); Corrientes (Centro Argentino de Primates, 20 
km SE, not located; Parque Nacional Mburucuya); 
Entre Rios (Parque Nacional Diamante; Parque Na- 
cional El Palmar); Formosa (El Colorado; Laguna 
Blanca; Las Lomitas; Parque Nacional Rio Pilco- 
mayo; Reserva Natural Formosa); Jujuy (Arenal; 
Calilegua; Parque Nacional Calilegua; Rib Blanco); 
La Rioja (Villa Castelli); Mendoza (Mendoza; Na- 
cufian; Reserva Ecologica de Nacunan; Rivadavia; 
San Carlos; San Rafael); Misiones (Arroyo Vina 
[brazo del Arroyo Garupa]; El Dorado; Parque Na- 
cional Iguazii; Puerto Schwelm, not located); San 
Luis (Rincon); Santa Fe (Malabrigo; Villa Ana); 
Tucumdn (Aguas Chiquitas; Cerro del Campo, Bur- 
rucayii; Cerro Medici; Cerro San Javier; Dique Es- 
caba; Parque Biologico Sierra de San Javier, access 
road; Pozo Hondo; Reserva Experimental de Flora 
y Fauna de Horco Molle; Rio Las Cafias, Horco 
Molle; Santa Rosa de Leales; Taff del Valle; junc- 
tion at 338 and road to Horco Molle). Anderson, 
1997:143 BOLIVIA: Chuquisaca (Tarabuco, 12 
km N, 11 km E; Porvenir); Potosi (Rio Chancha- 
mayo); Santa Cruz (San Ignacio de Velasco; Com- 
arapa, 6 km S, 10 km E; Comarapa, 15 km W); 
Tarija (Tapecua; Rancho Tambo, 61 km E; Carla- 
zo). Voss et al., 2001:23 FRENCH GUIANA: 
Piste St. Elie [= Piste de Saint-Elie Ecerex Sta- 
tion]; Petit Saut). 

D[idelphvs] albiventris: Wagner, 1843:38. Burmeister, 
1856:62 BRAZIL. 

Didelphys albiventris: Waterhouse, 1846:472 BRA- 
ZIL. Burmeister, 1854:132 BRAZIL: Minas Ger- 
ais (Lagoa Santa). Ihering, 1894:10 BRAZIL: 
Sao Paulo. 

Didelphys marsupial is var. albiventris: Winge, 1893: 
3, 7, 46 BRAZIL: Minas Gerais (Lagoa Santa, 
Recent, and Pleistocene). 

Didelphys poecilotis Wagner, 1842:358 BRAZIL: 
Mato Grosso (type locality, "Angaba" [= Cuiaba]; 
holotype. female, Vienna Museum, collected 19 
July 1824 by Johann Natterer). Gardner, 1993: 16 
listed. 



D[idelphys] poecilotis: Wagner, 1855:219. Pelzeln, 
1883: i09 BRAZIL: Mato Grosso (Cuyaba [ = 
Cuiaba]). 

Didelphys paeci lotus: Wagner, 1843:43 incorrect 
subsequent spelling of poecilotis Wagner, 1942. 
Waterhouse, 1846:524 BRAZIL. 

D[idelphys] poecilonota: Schinz, 1844:504 incor- 
rect subsequent spelling of poecilotus Wagner. 

Didelphys leucotis Wagner, 1850:127 name based 
on Azara's micoure premier and azarae of authors, 
not Temminck; type locality, by implication, Para- 
guay and Uruguay. Gardner, 1993:16 listed. 

D[idelphys] leucotis: Wagner, 1855:223 PARA- 
GUAY; URUGUAY: (Rio de La Plata, not located). 

Didelphis aurita: Alston (not Wied-Neuwied, 1826), 
1882:197 part, COLOMBIA: Cundinamarca 
(Santa Fe [now Santafe] de Bogota). 

Didelphis marsupialis aurita: Yepes, 1936:34 AR- 
GENTINA: La Rioja (Villa Castelli). 

Didelphys Lechei Ihering, 1892:98 BRAZIL: Rio 
Grande do Sul (type locality; holotype, a gray 
phase individual or variety of "Didelphys Aza- 
rae"). Gardner, 1993:16 listed. 

Didelphys lechii: Cabrera, 1958:41 incorrect subse- 
quent spelling in synonymy of "Didelphis azarae 
azarae." 

Didelphis lechi: Avila Pires, 1994:371 incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Lechei Ihering, 1892 
BRAZIL: Rio Grande do Sul (Taquara). 

Didelphis albiventris pernigra J. A. Allen, 1900b: 
191 PERU: Puno (type locality, "Juliaca" [ = 
Inca Mines, Rio Inambari], 7000 ft [= 2180 m]; 
holotype, female, skin and skull, AMNH 16071; 
collected 12 February 1900 by H. H. Keays). J. A. 
Allen, 1900c:219 "Juliaca" corrected to Inca 
Mines. J. A. Allen, 1901a:41 PERU: Puno (Inca 
Mines). Thomas, 1901b: 191 PERU: Cusco (Mar- 
capata); Puno (Limbani). Truessart, 1910:A26 
ECUADOR: Pichincha (Gualea). Perez-Hernan- 
dez, 1989:372, 384, 385 VENEZUELA: Amazon- 
as (Cerro Duida, 1400 m) Merida (La Mucuy; La- 
guna Negra, Paramo de Mucubaji; Las Porqueras); 
Tdchira (Betania; Cerro Las Copos, La Revancha; 
Paramo Zumbader). Gardner, 1993:16 listed. 
Anderson, 1997: 144 BOLIVIA: Cochabamba 
(Charuplaya; Yungas; Colomi, 5 km N; Cochabam- 
ba; Vinto; Tapacari; Jamachuma; Rodeo, 7.5 km 
SE); La Paz (Ixiamas; Saynani; Nequejahuira; Rio 
Aceromarca; Pitiguaya; Zongo Valley, "Centro 
Hidroelectrica"). 

Didelphis paraguayensis pernigra: J. A. Allen, 1902: 
271, 279 PERU: Lima (Callao [although cited, 
this specimen, given the locality, must be marsu- 
pialis]; Surco; San Mateo); Junin (Huacapistona; 
Perene); Puno (Inca Mines; Limbani); Cajamarca 
(Carao); BOLIVIA: La Paz. Trouessart, 1910: 
A29 ECUADOR: Pichincha (Tumbaco, 2390 m). 
Thomas, 1920c: 247 PERU: Cusco (Chospyoc, 
10,000 ft [= 3125 m]; Torontoy; Machu Picchu [= 
Macchu Picchu]). Thomas, 1926c:318 PERU: Ju- 
nin (Yana Mayo, Rio Tarma, 8500 ft [= 2650 m]). 
Thomas, 1927a:372 PERU: Cajamarca (Celen- 
din). Gardner, 1993:16 listed. 

Did[elphis] paraguayensis pernigra: Krumbiegel, 
1941a:41, 42 distribution. 

Didelphis paraguayensis andina J. A. Allen, 1902: 



26 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



272, 279 ECUADOR: Azuay (type locality, 
Cuenca; holotype, male, BMNH 99.12.7.6; collect- 
ed 2 June 1899 by P. O. Simons); Pichincha (Quito; 
Cayambe); Canar (Canar); hnbabura (Ibarra); Loja 
(Loja); Chimborazo (Riobamba). Trouessart, 1910: 
A28 ECUADOR: Pichincha (Gualea). J. A. Al- 
len, 191 2a:74 COLOMBIA: Cauca (Munchique, 
2100-2400 m). Lonnberg, 1913:35 ECUADOR: 
Pichincha (Quito; Nanegal). Osgood, 1914b: 148 
PERU: Cajamarca (Hacienda Limon, near Balsas); 
Amazonas (Rio Utcubamba, 15 mi above Chacha- 
poyas). J. A. Allen, 1916a:200 COLOMBIA: Cau- 
ca (Munchique); Antioquia (Paramillo). J. A. Allen, 
1916d:l 16 ECUADOR: Pichincha (Quito; El 
Corazon). Gardner, 1993:16 listed. 

Did[elphis] paraguayensis andina: Krumbiegel, 
1941a:41, 42 distribution. 

Didelphis marsupialis: Stone (not Linnaeus, 1758), 
1914:17 ECUADOR: Pichincha (Volcan Cay- 
ambe [= Cerro Cayambe]). 

[Didelphis] leucoprymnus Matschie, 1916:268 no- 
men nudum; BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro (Cabo Frio). 

Didelphis paraguayensis meridensis J. A. Allen, 
1902:274 VENEZUELA: Merida (type locality, 
Merida; holotype, juvenile male, skin and skull, 
BMNH 97.7.1.14); COLOMBIA: Cundinamarca 
(Bogota). Osgood, 1912:39 VENEZUELA: Me- 
rida (Paramo de Tama, 6000-7000 ft [= 1875- 
2180 m] [now in Tdchira]). J. A. Allen, 1916a: 
200 COLOMBIA: Cundinamarca (Fusagasuga; 
El Roble). Anthony, 1923:4 COLOMBIA: Cun- 
dinamarca (Choachi; Bogota). Gardner, 1993:16 
listed. 

Did[elphis] paraguayensis meridensis: Krumbiegel, 
1941a:42 distribution. 

Didelphis paraguayensis bonariensis Marelli, 1930:2 
[work not seen]." Marelli, 1932:69 ARGENTINA: 
(type locality, Provinces of Buenos Aires and Santa 
Fe; [holotype probably a menagerie specimen the 
remnants of which may be preserved in the Buenos 
Aires Museum]). Gardner, 1993:16 listed. 

Didelphis paraguayensis Dennleri Marelli, 1930:2 
[work not seen]. Marelli, 1932:69 ARGENTINA: 
(type locality, Buenos Aires Province [holotype 
probably a menagerie specimen, the remains of 
which may be preserved in the Buenos Aires Mu- 
seum]). 

Didelphis albiventris imperfectus Mondolfi and Perez- 
Hernandez, 1984:407 VENEZUELA: Bolivar 
(type locality, km 125, El Dorado-Santa Elena 
Highway; holotype, adult female, skin and skull, 
MHNLS 175). Perez-Hernandez, 1989:372-382 
VENEZUELA: Bolivar (km 124, 125, 126, El Do- 
rado-Santa Elena Highway; km 70-88, [Carretera] 
El Dorado-Santa Elena Highway; La Tigre; Torono 
Tepui [= Torono-tepui], Chimanta; Salto Ichum; 
Rio Marajano, Meseta de Jaua; La Laja; El Pauji; 
Monumento al Soldado Pionero, Gran Sabana); 
Amazonas (Cano Culebra, Cerro Duida; Cumbre 
del Cerro, Marahuaca, 2550 m; Alto Rio Atacavi; 
Cerro de La Neblina). Gardner, 1993:16 listed. 

Didelphis sp.: Handley, 1976:9 VENEZUELA: Bo- 
livar (Icabani; km 125, 85 km SSE of El Dorado); 
Amazonas (Boca Mavaca; Cabecera del Cano Cu- 
lebra, Cerro Duida; Cano Culebra, Cerro Duida; 
Puerto Ayacucho, 20-30 km S). 



Holotype Presumably in the Zoological Mu- 
seum of Copenhagen; collected by Peter Wilhelm 
Lund. 

Type Locality Rio das Velhas, Lagoa Santa, 
Minas Gerais, Brazil. 

Distribution (Fig. 12) Subtropical and tem- 
perate zones of Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Vene- 
zuela, and Suriname; the highlands of Guyana; the 
northern half of Brazil and Brazil east of the Rio 
Tocantins; Bolivia; Uruguay; Paraguay; and the 
northern half of Argentina. 

Additional Records COLOMBIA: Valle del 
Cauca; San Antonio, 4 km NW (Miller, 1958, 
MVZ); Cauca; Charguayaco (von Sneidern, 1958, 
AMNH); Antioquia; Valdivia (Hershkovitz, 1950, 
FMNH); Sonson (Hershkovitz, 1950, FMNH); 
Huila; San Antonio (Hershkovitz, 1951, FMNH); 
Rio Ovejera (Hershkovitz, 1951, FMNH); Aguas 
Claras, Rio Sauza (Hershkovitz, 1951, FMNH); 
Cundinamarca; Guasca, Rio Balcones (Hershko- 
vitz, 1952, FMNH); Boqueron de San Francisco 
(Hershkovitz, 1952, FMNH; Niceforo Maria, 
1922, AMNH); San Cristobal, suburb of Bogota 
(Hershkovitz, 1952, FMNH); Meta; Villavicencio 
(Dillon, 1942, AMNH; Gilmore, 1940, AMNH); 
La Guajira; Villanueva (Hershkovitz, 1942, 1943, 
USNM); Norte de Santander; Pamplona (von 
Sneidern, 1959, FMNH); ECUADOR: El Oro; 
Santa Rosa (Tate, 1922, AMNH); El Chiral (An- 
thony, 1920, AMNH); Taraguacocha, Cordillera 
de Chilla (Anthony, 1920, AMNH); Canar; Chi- 
cal (Tate, 1922, AMNH); San Antonio, 1 hr N of 
Tambo (Tate, 1922, AMNH); Carchi; Montufar, 
San Gabriel (Hershkovitz, 1934, UMMZ); Pichin- 
cha; Mindo (Olalla, 1960, FMNH); Guaillabam- 
ba, Riobamba (Simons, 1899, AMNH); Canon del 
Rio Pita (Tate, 1923, AMNH); Tambillo, 3 km S 
(Timm, 1983, FMNH); Las Maquinas, Santo Do- 
mingo Trail (Tate, 1923, AMNH); Santa Rosa, not 
located (Tate, 1922, AMNH); Tunguarahua; Ba- 
nos, Oriente (Clark-Macintyre, 1938, MVZ, 1938, 
FMNH); Palmera, E of Banos (Tate, 1924, 
AMNH); Chimborazo; San Antonio (Tate, 1922, 
AMNH); Azuay; Molleturo (Tate, 1922, AMNH); 
Bestion (Anthony, 1921, AMNH); Zamora-Chin- 
chipe; Sabinilla, Rio Zamora, near mouth Rio Sa- 
banilla (Anthony, 1920, AMNH); Napo; Papallac- 
ta (Voss, 1980, UMMZ); Marian (Timm, 1983, 
FMNH); PERU: Piura; Huancabamba, Can- 
chaque (Kalinowski, 1954, FMNH); Cajamarca; 
Chaupe (Watkins, 1923, AMNH); Hacienda Tau- 
lis (Koepcke, 1952, MVZ); Cajamarca (Simons, 
1899, USNM); La Libertad; Pagash, not located 
(1980, MVZ); Lima; Lima (Ramirez, 1955, MVZ); 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



27 




Fig. 12. Distribution of Didelphis albiventris in South America: absent only from Amazon basin of Brazil, Chile, 
and southern Argentina. This species in not known to occur in Central America, o = localities from unpublished 
records; = localities given in published records. 



28 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Amazonas; Corosha (Martinez, 1970, MVZ); Lor- 
eto; Yanayaquilla, Rib Samiria (Bluntschli, 1912, 
AMNH); Rio Samiria (Bluntschli, 1912, AMNH); 
Hudnuco; Hacienda Buena Vista, Rio Chinchao 
(Heller, 1922, FMNH); Carretera Central, E slope 
Cordillera Carpish (Gardner, 1968, LSUMZ); 
Huanuco (Zimmer, 1922, FMNH); Ambo (Heller, 
1922, FMNH); Pasco; San Juan (Perez, 1964, 
FMNH); Junin; Chanchamayo (Schunke, 1924, 
USNM; 1948, FMNH); La Merced (Schunke, 
1924, USNM); Utcuyacu (Watkins, 1919, 
AMNH); Matichaca, near Puente Malalma 
(O'Neill, 1972, LSUMZ); Tarma, 17 km below 
(Gochfeld, 1972, AMNH); Ayacucho; Ayacucho 
(Church, 1864, USNM; Thomas, USNM); Cusco; 
Occobamba Valley [= Rio Ocobamba] (Heller, 
1915, USNM); Ocobamba, below La Raya Pass 
(1974, MVZ); Ocobamba (Pass) (Heller, 1915, 
USNM); Ollantaytambo (Heller, 1915, USNM); 
Limacpunco (Kalinowski, 1953, FMNH); Cusco 
(Ceballos, 1954, FMNH); Apurimac; Uripa (Kal- 
inowski, 1953, FMNH); Hacienda La Palmira 
(Kalinowski, 1953, FMNH); Hacienda La Lagu- 
na, near Andahuaylas (Kalinowski, 1953, 
FMNH); Quebrada Matara (Sanborn, 1941, 
FMNH); Puno; Oconeque (Koford, 1951, MVZ; 
Sanborn, 1942, FMNH); VENEZUELA: Trujillo; 
Trujillo, 15 km E (Kirsch, 1969, KU); Merida; 
Hacienda La Carbonera, Paramo Tambor (Osgood 
and Conover, 1920, FMNH); Rio Mucujun (Os- 
good and Conover, 1920); Sucre; Cumanacoa 
(Tate, 1925, AMNH); Bolivar; San Ignacio de Yu- 
ran [= Yuruan], Rio Yuruan (Castellanos, 1986, 
USNM); Chimanta-tepui (Steyermark and Wur- 
dack, 1955, FMNH); Cerro Roraima (Tate and 
Carter, 1927, 1928, AMNH); Arabopo (Tate and 
Carter, 1928, AMNH); Towashing [= to wash- 
ing?] Stream (Tate and Carter, 1927, AMNH); 
Glycon Ridge (Tate and Carter, 1927, AMNH); 
Amazonas; Central Camp, Cumbre no. 1 ; Cumbre 
no. 13, Despiladero, Cerro Duida (Olalla Broth- 
ers, 1929, AMNH); Cumbre no. 15, Cerro Duida 
(Olalla Brothers, 1929, AMNH); Agiiita (Olalla 
Brothers, 1929, AMNH); Laterite Valley (Olalla 
Brothers, 1929, AMNH); BRAZIL: Mato Grosso 
do Sul; Corumba (Hibbs, 1965, USNM; Kuns, 
1965, USNM); Campo Grande, 13 km N (Hibbs, 
1965, USNM; Kuns, 1965, USNM); Maracaju 
(Gilmore, 1937, AMNH); Dourados, 25 km S 
(Hibbs, 1965, USNM; Kuns, 1965, USNM); Mar- 
anhdo; Sao Joao dos Patos (Cardosa, AMNH); 
Piaui; localities along lower Rio Parnahyba, not 
precisely located (Kaempfer, 1926, AMNH); Ba- 
hia; Macaco Secco, near Serra Andarai [= An- 



darahy] (Becker, 1913, FMNH); Sao Paulo; Cru- 
zeiro (Robert, 1900, AMNH); Piquete (Robert, 
1901, AMNH); Alto Parana, not located (Kuhl- 
horn, 1953, FMNH); Rio Grande do Sul; Paso 
Duraznero, Ayo da Mina [= Arroyo de la Mina] 
(Ximenez, 1970, AMNH); Ceard; Juan, near Ig- 
uatu (Becker, 1913, FMNH); BOLIVIA: La Paz; 
Cochabamba; Incachaca (Miller and Boyle, 1915, 
AMNH); Santa Cruz; PARAGUAY: Boqueron; 
Fortin Guachalla (Willim, 1945, FMNH); Presi- 
dente Hayes; Fortin General Genes [= General 
Genes], 1.6 km NE of Asuncion (Myers, 1972, 
MVZ); Villa Hayes, 24 km NW (Creighton, 1979, 
UMMZ; Myers, MVZ); Central; Recoleta, Asun- 
cion (Myers, 1977, AMNH; Myers, 1977, 1979, 
UMMZ); Paraguari; Sapucay [= Sapucaf] (Fos- 
ter, 1901, 1902, 1903, USNM); Parque Nacional 
Ybycuf (Creighton, 1979, UMMZ; Dobson, 1979, 
LSUMZ, UMMZ; Myers, 1979, LSUMZ, UMMZ); 
Saltos de Pirareta, not located (Creighton, 1979, 
UMMZ); Misiones; San Ignacio, 20 km W 
(Hibbs, 1965, USNM); Ayolas, 5 km ENE (My- 
ers, 1977, AMNH; Myers, 1977, UMMZ); Amam- 
bay; Cerro Cora (Myers, 1977, UMMZ); Canen- 
diyu; Curuguaty (Myers, 1979, UMMZ); Itapua; 
Puerto San Rafael [= San Rafael] (Creighton, 
1979, UMMZ); Encarnacion (Creighton, 1979, 
UMMZ; Talbot, 1976, UMMZ); Caaguazii: Es- 
tancia San Ignacio, 24 km NNW of Carayao (My- 
ers, 1979, UMMZ); Coronel Oviedo (Myers, 
1976, UMMZ); Colonia Sommerfield no. 11 
(Wharton, 1950, USNM); Guaira; Villarica (Gil- 
more, 1940, AMNH; Schade, 1923, AMNH); La 
Cordillera; Altos, 20 km N (Myers, 1973, MVZ); 
Tobati (Myers, 1979, UMMZ); URUGUAY: Ar- 
tigas; Belen del Dragon, 6 km NNW (Langguth, 
1963, AMNH); Rio Negro; Arroyo Negro, 15 km 
S of Paysandu (Tuttle, 1963, AMNH; Ximinez, 
1963, AMNH); Soriano; Estancia Concordia, 15 
mi SW of Dolores (Sanborn, 1926, 1927, FMNH); 
Cardona, 3 km E (Tuttle, 1963, AMNH); Colonia; 
La Lata, 10 km S (La Lata is 40 km N of Rosa- 
rio), (Sanborn, 1927, FMNH); Durazno; San Jor- 
ge, Rio Negro, 15 km NNW (Barlow, 1963, 
AMNH); Cerro Largo; Las Manas (Anderson, 
1963, AMNH); Estancia Melo, 6 km SE (Barlow, 
1963, AMNH; Koopman, 1963, AMNH; Lang- 
guth, 1963, AMNH; Tuttle, 1963, AMNH; Xim- 
enez, 1963, AMNH); Trienta y Tres; Boca del Rib 
Tacuari (Barlow, 1963, AMNH; Tuttle, 1963, 
AMNH; Ximenez, 1963, AMNH); Quebrada de 
los Cuervos, 43 km N of Trienta y Tres (Sanborn, 
1926, FMNH); ARGENTINA: Jujuy; Yuto (Con- 
tino, 1957, 1958, 1960, AMNH); Salta; Rosario 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



29 



de Lerma (Miller and Boyle, 1916, AMNH); Tu- 
cumdn; Sarmiento [= Los Sarmientos] (Miller 
and Boyle, 1916. AMNH); Corrientes: Itati 
(Nachman, 1989, UMMZ): Corrientes, 20 km SE 
(Thorington, Jr., 1980. USNM); Misiones; Foz do 
Igua^u. 14 km NE, Itaipu Binacional, Refugio 
Bela Vista (Mustrangi, 1993, MVZ); Misiones, 
ARGENTINA Parana, BRAZIL; San Antonio 
(Myers, 1976. UMMZ). 



Didelphis aurita Wied-Neuwied, 1826 

Didelphis azarae Temminck, 1824:30 (type locality, 
none given, here restricted to eastern Sao Paulo: 
holotype name designated: description based on 
some juveniles in the Paris Museum, adults and 
juveniles in the Vienna Museum and Frankfurt Mu- 
seum. Gray. 1843:100 part. BRAZIL. Bertoni, 
1923:51 PARAGUAY. Gardner. 1993:13 listed. 

D[idelphis] azarae: Wagner. 1843b:38 part, descrip- 
tion, part, synonymy. Wagner. 1850:126 a black- 
eared opossum, not Azara's white-eyed micoure 
premier; BRAZIL. Wagner. 1855:223 aurita 
Wied-Neuwied. a synonym. Burmeister, 1856:6. 
Thomas. 1888:328. 

D[idelphys] aurita Wied Neuwied. 1826:395 BRA- 
ZIL: Bahia (Villa Vicosa [= Nova Vicosa], Rio 
Perufpe). Miranda-Ribero. 1936:336 BRAZIL: 
Santa Catarina (Humboldt): Rio de Janeiro (Ther- 
ezopolis). 

Didelphys aurita: Burmeister. 1854:130 BRAZIL. 
Burmeister. 1856:64 BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro; 
azarae Temminck. a synonym. Pelzeln. 1883: 
109 BRAZIL: Sao Paulo (Rio Ipanema). Ihering. 
1893:99 BRAZIL: Rio Grande do Sul. Ihering. 
1894:10 BRAZIL: Sao Paulo. 

Didelphis aurita: Lund. 1839:233 BRAZIL: Minas 
Gerais (Rio das Velhas). Hensel. 1869:290 BRA- 
ZIL: Rio Grande do Sul. Goeldi. 1894:457 BRA- 
ZIL: Rio de Janeiro (Serra dos Orgaos). Ihering. 
1914:343 part, synonyms; koseritzi Ihering. nigra 
Ihering; BRAZIL: Rio Grande do Sul. Miranda Ri- 
beiro. 1936:336 BRAZIL: Santa Catarina. Vi- 
eira. 1949:342 BRAZIL: Sao Paulo; Espirito 
Santo; Minas Gerais; Rio de Janeiro: Rio Grande 
do Sul. Avila Pires. 1965:4 BRAZIL: Bahia (type 
locality. Villa Vicosa [= Maroba = Nova Vicosa], 
Rio Perufpe). lectotype. by selection, male, skin 
mounted with skull. AMNH 836. Cerqueira. 1985: 
141 BRAZIL: Alagoas (Sao Miguel dos Cam- 
pos): Bahia (Bahia do Todos Santos [= Reconca- 
vo]). Pires et al.. 1999:41 BRAZIL: Rio de Ja- 
neiro (Poco das Antas Biological Reserve). Patton 
et al.. 2000:47 BRAZIL: Bahia (Fazenda Beijo 
Grande. 12 km S. 1 km E of Itabuna): Espirito 
Santo (Mata da Caixa D' Agua). 1 .7 km W of Santa 
Tereza): Parana (Fazenda Guaricana. Guaratuba. 
Morretes): Sao Paulo (Fazenda Intervales, Base 
Saibadela. Sete Barros). Mares and Braun, 2000: 
32 ARGENTINA: Misiones (junction of High- 
way 14 and 2 de Mayo Road, not located: junction 
of Highway 21 and Arroyo Oveja Negra. 2 km W 



of Parque Nacional Mocona. not located; Deseado; 
Parque Nacional Iguazii: Puerto Iguazii; Puerto 
Schwelm. not located; Reserva Natural Estricta San 
Antonio: Rio Iguazii). 

Didelphys marsupialis aurita: Cope, 1 889: 1 29 (un- 
certain locality). 

Didelpfns marsupialis aurita: J. A. Allen, 1902: 
265,278 BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro ("Rio Rodeio, 
Serra do Mar. near Rio de Janeiro"); Sao Paulo 
(Cruzeiro: Piquete); Rio Grande do Sul (Taquara). 
Yepes. 1936:34 BRAZIL: Rio Grande do Sul; 
Sao Paulo; ARGENTINA: La Rioja (Villa Castelli) 
Yepes. 1938:40 BRAZIL: Rio Grande do Sul; 
PARAGUAY ARGENTINA: La Rioja (Villa Cas- 
telli). Travassos. 1945:494 BRAZIL: Espirito 
Santo (Rio Itauna). Carvalho. 1965:251 BRA- 
ZIL: Sao Paulo (Boraceia. Estacao Biologica de 
Boraceia). Crespo, 1974:2 ARGENTINA; Mi- 
siones (Deseado: Rio Iguazii). Tyndale-Biscoe and 
Mackenzie. 1976:260 BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro 
(Teresopolis; Jardim Botanico). Crespo. 1982a: 
59 ARGENTINA: Misiones (Parque Nacional 
Iguazii). Massoia et al.. 1987:1 16 ARGENTINA: 
Misiones (Rio Urugua-i'). Fernandez et al., 1988: 
221 BRAZIL; Rio de Janeiro (Ilha Grande; Ita- 
curuca; Jaguanum). 

Didelphis marsupialis L. subsp. Aurita: Luederwaldt. 
1929:27 BRAZIL: Scio Paulo (Ilha de Sao Sebas- 
tiao). Kumbiegel, 1941a:42 part, BRAZIL: Sao 
Paulo (Serrinha; Serra do Bananal: Juquia: Serra 
do Mar: Mato Grosso (Rio Ivinheima [now in Mato 
Grosso do Sul]): ARGENTINA: Misiones; PAR- 
AGUAY: San Pedro (Nueva Germania). 

Didelphis marsupialis van rvpica: Thomas. 1888b: 
323 part. BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro. 

Gamba aurita var. Brasiliensis Lias. 1872:329 new 
name combination for aurita Wied-Neuwied. Gard- 
ner, 1993:16 listed. 

Didelphys koseritzi Ihering. 1893:99 BRAZIL: Rio 
Grande do Sul (type locality: holotype presumably 
in the Sao Paulo Museum, presented by Sefior Th. 
Bischoff). Ihering, 1894:10 BRAZIL: Sao Paulo. 
Gardner. 1 993: 1 6 listed. 

[Didelphys (Marmosa)] koseritti: Trouessart, 1898: 
1 240 incorrect spelling of koseritzi Ihering. 1893; 
classification. 

Didelphis koseritzi: Avila Pires. 1994:371 BRAZIL: 
Rio Grande do Sul (Taquara). 

Didelphxs cancrivora (not Gmelin. 1788): Hensel: 
1873:114 BRAZIL: Rio Grande do Sul. Pelzeln, 
1883:110 BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro (Sapitibi [ = 
Sepetiba]: Registo do Sai). Winge. 1893:8,49 
BRAZIL: Minas Gerais (Lagoa Santa. Recent and 
Pleistocene). Bertoni. 1914:68 PARAGUAY. Ber- 
toni, 1939:6 PARAGUAY 

Didelphis marsupialis: Thomas, 1902d:64 BRA- 
ZIL: Parana (Roca Nova). Davis, 1945a: 119 
BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro (Teresopolis). Davis, 
1945b:280 BRAZIL. Davis. 1947:2 BRAZIL. 
Vieira, 1953:219 BRAZIL: Alagoas (Sao Miguel 
dos Campos; Mangabeiras). Varejao and Valle, 
1982:42. 43 BRAZIL: Bahia (Ilheus; Nova Vi- 
cosa): Minas Gerais (Abre Campo; Alem Paraiba; 
Alfenas; Araponga; Barao de Cocais; Barra Longa: 
Bela Vista de Minas; Cachoeira do Campo; Caete. 
Cidade; Campanha; Canaa; Carmo de Cachoeira; 



30 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Fazenda da Cascata; Guaraciaba; Itabira; Itabirito; 
Jequitinhonha; Juiz de Fora; Lambari; Leopoldina; 
Manhuacu; Monte Bello; Ouro Preto; Parque For- 
estal Estadual do Rio Doce; Parque Nacional de 
Caparao; Pecanha; Pogos de Caldas; Ponte Nova; 
Prados; Sabinopolis; Santa Maria de Itabira; Santa 
Rita do Sapucaf; Sao Domingos do Prata; Sao Joao 
de Jacutinga; Teofilo Otoni; Uba; Viscosa; Viscon- 
de do Rio Branco; Volta Grande); Rio de Janeiro 
(Nova Friburgo; Parque Nacional de Itatiaia; Rio 
de Janeiro; Teresopolis); Espirito Santo (Nova Ve- 
necia; Ponta da Fruta; Santa Teresa; Sao Francisco; 
Venda Nova; Vitoria). Yonenaga Yasuda, 1982: 
72 BRAZIL: Sao Paulo (Boraceia, Sao Paulo). 
Santori et al., 1996:307 BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro 
(Barra de Marica). Caceres and Montero-Filho, 
1998:169 BRAZIL: Parana (Curitiba). 

Didelphis marsupialis marsupialis: Avila Pires and 
Gouvea, 1977: 10 BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro (Mon- 
te Serrat [= Pico das Agulhas Negras]). 

Didelphis aurita longipilis Miranda Ribeiro, 1935: 
35 BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro (type locality, Co- 
lonia Alpina, Teresopolis; cotypes, 2 males, MNRJ, 
collected by Senor Reinisch). Avila Pires, 1968: 
169 BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro (Colonia Alpina). 
Gardner, 1993:16 listed. 

D[idelphis] longipilis: Miranda Ribeiro, 1936:338, 
footnote 1 BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro (type local- 
ity, Teresopolis; cotypes MNRJ M6, M7). 

Did[elphis aurita] melanoides Miranda Ribeiro, 1935: 
36 BRAZIL: Miranda Ribeiro, 1935:35 BRA- 
ZIL: Rio de Janeiro (type locality, Teresopolis; ho- 
lotypes or cotypes in MNRJ). Gardner, 1993:16 
listed. 



Holotype Female, skin and skull, presumably 
in the Wied-Neuwied Museum [cf. holotype of 
azarae Temminck]. 

Type Locality Villa Vicosa [= Nova Vic;o- 
sa], Rio Peruipe [= Rio Peruhybe], Bahia, Brazil. 

Distribution (Fig. 13) Atlantic forest of 
southeastern Brazil, southeastern Paraguay and 
northeastern Argentina. 

Additional Records BRAZIL: Bahia; Uru- 
cutuca (1944, 1945, KU; Rockefeller Institute, 
1944, FMNH); Rio do Braco (1944, KU); Fazen- 
da Almada (Rockefeller Institute, 1944, FMNH); 
Fazenda Pirataquisse (1944, KU); Sao Paulo; 
Guaratuba (de Souza Lopez, 1972, USNM); Mor- 
retenho (Olalla, 1961, FMNH); Ribeirao Fundo 
(Ollala, 1961, FMNH); Rocha (Ollala, 1960, 
FMNH); Quebrado Penteado (Ollala, 1961, 
FMNH); Primeiro Morro (Ollala, 1960, FMNH); 
Estacao Biologica de Boraceia (Mustrangi, 1994, 
MVZ); Santa Catarina; Joinville [= Joenvile] 
(Schulter and Mass, FMNH); Rio de Janeiro; Pa- 
raiba do Sul (Gilmore, 1937, AMNH); Guanabara, 
Baia de (Gilmore, 1937, AMNH); Gavea, Rio de 
Janeiro (Gilmore, 1937, AMNH); Tijuca (Gil- 



more, 1937, AMNH); Trapicheiro (Whitman, 
1938, AMNH). 



Didelphis marsupialis Linnaeus, 1758 

[Didelphis] marsupialis Linnaeus, 1758:54. Gardner, 
1993:16 listed. 

0[possum]. Marsupialis: Schmid, 1818:116 classi- 
fication. 

S[arigua] marsupialis: Muirhead, 1819:429 part, 
new combination. 

Didelphis marsupialis: Rendall, 1897:342 TRINI- 
DAD AND TOBAGO: Tobago (Tobago); St. Vin- 
cent. J. A. Allen, 1900a:185. J. A. Allen, 1901d: 
166, 182, 183 part (type locality restricted to 
Valley of Mexico on basis of the tlacuatzin of 
Hernandez). J. A. Allen, 1901e:92 name now re- 
moved from the Virginian opossum and restricted 
to the Tlacuatzin or Mexican opossum of Hernan- 
dez, 1651. Thomas, 190 la: 153 GUYANA: Upper 
Takutu-Upper Essequibo (Kanuku Mts.); name 
based on the philander of Seba (not Linnaeus); type 
locality, "Guiana." J. A. Allen, 1902:257, 276 
name now regarded as based on philander maxi- 
mum orientalis Seba; type locality "Guiana"; dis- 
tribution; Guiana, eastern Venezuela, northern 
BRAZIL. Menegaux, 1902:495 FRENCH GUI- 
ANA: (Manicore, not located). J. A. Allen, 1904d: 
337 VENEZUELA: Bolivar (Ciudad Bolivar). 
Osgood, 1910:39 VENEZUELA: Carabobo (Lake 
[= Lago] Valencia). Thomas, 19 10b: 188 GUY- 
ANA: Pomeroon-Supenaam (Supenaam River). 
Thomas, 1911:143 SURINAME: (type locality); 
Linnaean name based primarily on reference to 
Seba. Osgood, 1914b: 147 PERU: San Martin 
(Moyobamba); Loreto (Yurimaguas). Ihering, 
1914:342 distribution. Pohle, 1927:244 BRA- 
ZIL: Pernambuco (Dois Irmaos; Fundao); Paraiba 
(Penha). Thomas, 1928a:264 PERU: Loreto (Sar- 
ayacu). Gilmore, 1941:316 distribution. Harris, 
1943:1 COSTA RICA: Cartago (El Muneco). 
Tate, 1947:65 VENEZUELA: Aragua (Rancho 
Grande, 1100 m). Sanderson, 1949:786 SURI- 
NAME: Paramaribo. Vieira, 1952:31 BRAZIL: 
Acre (Iquiri). Sanborn, 1953:4 PERU: Puno (San 
Juan, Sandia, not located). Veiria, 1953:219 
BRAZIL: Alagoas (Magabeira). Kuhlhorn, 1955: 
163 BRAZIL: Mato Grosso. Guallart, 1962: 
157 PERU: Amazonas (upper Rio Maranon). Oli- 
vares, 1962:307 COLOMBIA: Meta (Rio Guaya- 
bero). Pirlot, 1963:175, 178, 180 VENEZUELA: 
Zulia (Kasmera, Rio Yasa). Avila Pires, 1964:12 
BRAZIL: Amazonas (km 50, Manaus-Itacoatiara). 
Alvarez and Ferrusquia, 1967:107 MEXICO: 
Aguas Calientes (Aguascalientes [= Aguas Calien- 
tes] [Pleistocene]). Handley, 1976:9 VENEZUE- 
LA: Merida (Tabay); Barinas (Altamira); Miranda 
(Alto No Leon [= No Leon, now in Distrito Fed- 
eral], 31 km WSW; Caracas [now in Distrito Fed- 
eral]; Rio Chico; Instituto Venezolano de Investi- 
gaciones Cientificas [= I VIC]; Parque Nacional 
Guatopo [now in Miranda-Guarico]; San Andres); 
Amazonas (Belen; Boca Mavaca; Capibara; Puerto 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



31 




90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 

Fig. 13. Distribution of Didelphis aurita: southeastern Brazil, southeastern Paraguay, and northern Argentina. 



32 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Ayacucho; San Juan; Tamatama); Tdchira (Las 
Mesas); Distrito Federal (Boca de Tigre Valley; 
Caracas; Hacienda Carapiche; Los Venados); Tru- 
jillo (La Ceiba; Valera); Falcon (Mirimire; Boca de 
Yaracuy; Rio Socopito); Lara (Caserio Boro); Zulia 
(Cerro Azul; El Rosario; Kasmera); Apure (Rio 
Cinaruco; Hato Cariben; Nulita); Anzodtegui (Clar- 
ines); Sucre (Cumana; Ensenada Cuaranta; Mana- 
cal); Guarico (Estacion Biologica de los Llanos); 
Bolivar (Hato La Florida; Icabaru, 23-45 km NE; 
Hato San Jose; km 125, 85 km SSE of El Dorado; 
Rio Supamo); Monagas (Hato Mata de Bejuco; San 
Agustin); Carabobo (Montalban); Aragua (Esta- 
cion Biologica de Rancho Grande); Yaracuy (Mi- 
nas de Aroa); Distrito Federal-Miranda (Pico Avi- 
la); Carabobo- Falcon-Yaracuy (Urama). Mendez, 
1977:166 COLOMBIA: Valle del Cauca (Buga; 
Lago Calima; La Maria; Pichinde); Choco (Rio 
Curiche). Reig et al., 1977:211 VENEZUELA: 
Miranda (Carrizal); Merida (Bejuquero); Aragua 
(Bahia de Cata; Rancho Grande); PERU: Ucayali 
(Rio Curanjo, Balta). Husson, 1978:32 SURI- 
NAME: Marowijne (Bigisanti); Sipaliwini (Oele- 
marie Airstrip; Lucie River); Commewijne ("Cle- 
via"; Nieuw Amsterdam); Paramaribo (Cultuur- 
tuin; Paramaribo); Saramacca (Groningen); Nickeri 
(Sipaliwini Airstrip; Wageningen); Coronie (Tot- 
ness). Eisenberg et al., 1979:187 VENEZUELA: 
Guarico (Fundo Pecuario Masaguaral); Miranda- 
Guarico (Parque Nacional Guatopo). O'Connell, 
1979:73 VENEZUELA: Guarico (Fundo Pecu- 
ario Masaguaral); Miranda-Guarico (Parque Na- 
cional Guatopo). Tyndale-Biscoe, 1980:711-712 
COLOMBIA: Valle del Cauca (Buenaventura; 
Cali; Pichinde); Meta (Finca El Buque). Terborgh 
et al., 1984:1-29 PERU: Madre de Dios (Cocha 
Cashu Biological Station, Parque Nacional del 
Manu). Cerqueira, 1985:140 ECUADOR: Guay- 
as (Ancon); PERU: Lambayeque (Eten; Lamba- 
yeque); La Libertad (Pacasmayo); Piura (Piura). 
Gardner, 1988:100 VENEZUELA: Amazonas 
(Base Camp, Cerro de La Neblina) George et al., 
1988:39 BRAZIL: Para (Parque Nacional da 
Amazonia). Perez-Hernandez, 1989:381-386 
VENEZUELA: Yaracuy (Agua Negra; Norte de 
Yaritagua; Sierra de Aroa); Zulia (Alguacil; Chi- 
rulf); Distrito Federal (Alta Florida; Caracas; Car- 
retera El Limon; Cerro El Avila; Urb. El Marques; 
Corozal, Parque Nacional "El Avila"; Parque Na- 
cional "El Avila"; El Eden, Parque Nacional "El 
Avila"; El Encantado, Hacienda El Limon; La 
Conchita, Hacienda El Limon; Los Chorros; Los 
Venados, Parque Nacional El Avila; Zona Guaca- 
tal. Hacienda El Limon; Suapo, Hacienda El Li- 
mon); Miranda (Altos de Pipe, Instituto Venezo- 
lano de Investigaciones Cientificas [I VIC]; Baruta; 
Carrizales; La Cienega; La Providencia; La Toma 
Capaya; La Union; El Hatillo; Los Guayabitos; Los 
Teques; Turgua; Cortada del Guayabo); Carabobo 
(Bahfa de Patanemo; Camino de los Espafioles; Los 
Dos Bocas; Las Quiguas; Los Campamentos; Punto 
Cabito; Valle Pascua); Merida (Bejuquero; Carlo 
Tigre; Hacienda San Pedro, Santa Cruz de Mora 
[= Santa Cruz]; Mina Carbon; Zea); Guarico (Car- 
retera Calabozo-San Fernando de Apure; Dos Cam- 
inos; El Socorro; Estacion Biologica de los Llanos, 



Calabozo; Morichal Villasmil, Calabozo); Aragua 
(Centra de Investigaciones de Fauna Silvestre; Es- 
tacion de Piscicultura; Hacienda La Esperanza); 
Portuguesa (Colonia Agricola Turen); Delta Ama- 
curo (Giiiniquina; Los Guires); Cojedes (Carretera 
San Carlos-Manrique; Hato El Tirado; Itabana al 
Sur de las Vegas; Los Chupones); Anzodtegui (Pe- 
kin Abajo; Valle Guanape). Timm et al., 1989:16 
COSTA RICA: Heredia (Parque Nacional Braulio 
Carrillo). Julien-Laferriere and Atramenwiez, 1990: 
405 FRENCH GUIANA (Cabassou; Piste de 
Saint Elie). Emmons, 1990:73 BOLIVIA: La Paz 
(Rio Machariapo). Albuja, 1992:124 ECUADOR: 
Guayas (Cerro Blanco); Los Rios (Jauneche). Em- 
mons and Albuja, 1992:123 ECUADOR: Guay- 
as-Manabi (Parque Nacional Machalilla). Pacheco 
et al., 1993:5 PERU: Cusco (Hacienda Erika). 
Emmons and Romo, 1994:140-143 PERU: Ma- 
dre de Dios (Ccolpa de Guacamayas). Emmons et 
al., 1994:146-149 PERU: Madre de Dios 
("Aguas Claras" Camp; Puesto San Antonio; Re- 
fugio Juliaca). Catzeflis, 1997:231 FRENCH 
GUIANA (Sinnamary River; Crique Tigre). Adler 
et al., 1997:361 COLOMBIA: Cordoba (El Con- 
tento). Patton et al., 2000:47 COSTA RICA: Pun- 
tarenas (Wigdale House; Monteverde); PANAMA: 
Bocas del Toro (Isla Popa, 1 km E of Sumwood 
Channel; Punta Alegre, Peninsula Valiente); GUY- 
ANA: East Berbice-Corentyne (Mapenna Creek, 
ca. 6 km from Corentyne River); Barima-Waina 
(Baramita); ECUADOR: Napo (Parque Nacional 
Yasuni, 20 km S of Pompeya Sur); BRAZIL: Para 
(Floresta Nacional Tapirape-Aquiri, Municipio de 
Maraba); Amazonas (Ilhazinha, left bank Rio Jurua 
on Igarape Arabidi, affluent of Parana Breu; Ser- 
ingal Condor, left bank Rio Jurua; Barro Vermelho, 
left bank Rio Jurua; Estrada Picarreira, right bank 
Rio Cauaburi, Parque Nacional do Pico da Neblina; 
right bank Rio Jau above mouth; Tambor, left bank 
Rio Jau; Lago Meduinim, left bank Rio Negro; Boa 
Esperanca, right bank Rio Jurua; Jainu, right bank 
Rio Jurua; Ilha Paxiuba, right bank Rib Jurua; Lago 
Vai-Quem-Quer, right bank Rib Jurua; Penedo; Al- 
tamira); Acre (Igarape Porongaba, opposite, left 
bank Rio Jurua; Igarape Porongaba, right bank Rio 
Jurua; Nova Vida; Sobral). Voss et al., 2001:23 
FRENCH GUIANA: (Piste St. Elie [= Piste St. 
Elie Ecerex Station]; Petit Saut; Paracou) SURI- 
NAME: Brokopondo (Brownsberg Nature Park); 
Coronie (Totness); Saramacca (Bigi Poika). 

Didelphys marsupialis: Goldfuss, 1809:215 classi- 
fication. Thomas, 1893:10 TRINIDAD AND TO- 
BAGO. Goeldi and Hagmann, 1 894:99 BRAZIL: 
Para. Krumbiegel, 1941a:32, 42 distribution. 
Sanderson, 1949:775, 786 SURINAME. 

Didelphis marsupialis marsupialis: J. A. Allen, 191 1: 
247 VENEZUELA: Bolivar (Peru Mines, El Cal- 
lao). J. A. Allen, 1916b:562 BRAZIL: Amazonas 
(lower Rio Solimoes, not located). Anthony, 1921: 
267 GUYANA: Essequibo (Kartabo [now in Cu- 
yuni-Mazaruni]). Tate, 1939:160 part, VENE- 
ZUELA: Bolivar (Cerro Auyan-tepuf [= Auyan-te- 
puf]); Amazonas (Cerro Duida); GUYANA: Cuyu- 
ni-Mazaruni (Mt. Roraima). Borrero and Hernan- 
dez-Camacho, 1957:213 COLOMBIA: Santander 
(San Vicente de Chucuri). Vieira, 1957:125 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



33 



BRAZIL: Maranhao (Barra do Corda, Rio Mear- 
im). Carvalho, 1961:5 BRAZIL: Roraima (Para- 
na do Pocao, Caracaraf; Pocao, Boa Vista). Car- 
valho, 1962:283 BRAZIL: Amapd (Vila Velha do 
Cassipore, Oiapoque; Rio Maruanum; Macapa; 
Cachoeira do Pancada [= Prosperidade], Rio Ma- 
raca, Mazagao). Butterworth and Starret, 1964:3 
VENEZUELA: Monagas (Maturfn, 32 km SE). 
Anderson, 1997:145 BOLIVIA: Beni (Guayara- 
merin; Riberalta; Rio Itenez, Costa Marquez, op- 
posite [BRAZIL]; Rio Itenez, S of and 4 km SW 
of Costa Marquez; Horquilla, Rio Machupo, 15 km 
above; Versalles; Puerto Siles; Azunta; Camino 
Vilches; San Joaquin; Aserradero Monte de San 
Pablo; San Pablo Village; Exaltacion, 8 km N; Lar- 
angeiras, 20 km W; Bahia de los Casara; Barran- 
quita; Piedras Blancas; Yutiole; Rib Mamore, W 
side; Los Totumu; Rio Tijamuchi, 5 km above 
mouth; Rurrenabaque; Rio Ibare, mouth; Rio Ibare, 
27 km above mouth; Ibiato; El Trapiche, 2 km E; 
Campamento El Trapiche; Reseva Biologica del 
Beni; San Ignacio de Moxos; Casarabe; La Em- 
bocada; San Antonio, 10 km E; Camiaco; Rib Ma- 
more 5 km NW mouth Rio Grande); Cochabamba 
(Campamento Yuqui; Todos Santos; Villa Tunari, 2 
km E; Hotel Las Pozas, Villa Tunari; Yungas; Villa 
Tunari, 3 km SW; Chapare); La Paz (Rio Beni; 
Mapiri; Puerto Linares; Guanay, Rio Challana, 5 
km SE; Palos Blancos; Entre Ribs, 2 km W, not 
located; La Reserva; Caranavi; El Vertego, Zongo 
Valley; Chijchipani; Chijchijpa; Yuncas; Yolosito; 
Astillero; Pitiguaya; Chulumani); Pando (Cobija, 
10 km S; Rfo Nareuda; Manuripi Health National 
Wildlife Reserve; Isla Gargantiia); Santa Cruz (Los 
Palmares; Totaitu; Rio Ichilo, 54 km S mouth Rfo 
Chapare; Zapoco; Yapacani; Santa Rosa, 7 km N; 
San Miguel Rincon; Tocomechi; Buenavista, 7 km 
N and 17 km W; Warnes; Santa Rosita; San Rafael 
de Amboro; Santa Cruz de la Sierra; km 5 on road 
to Cochabamba). 

D[idelphis] m[arsupialis] marsupialis: Miranda Ri- 
beiro, 1936:333 BRAZIL: Maranhao; Para. Car- 
valho, 1961:5 BRAZIL: Rio Branco [now Rorai- 
ma] (Po^ao; Boa Vista; Parana do Poao, Caracar- 
af). 

Didelphis m. marsupialis: Carvalho, 1961:5 BRA- 
ZIL: Roraima (Pocao, Boa Vista; Parana do Pocao, 
Caracaraf). 

Didelphis marsuapialis marsuapialis: Avila Pires, 
1964:8, 12 incorrect subsequent spelling for Di- 
delphis marsupialis marsupialis Allen, 1911 
BRAZIL: Amazonas (km 50, Manaus-Itacoatira 
RR). 

0\possum] marsupialis: Schmid, 1818:16 classifi- 
cation. 

Didelphis karkinophaga Zimmerman, 1780:226 
FRENCH GUIANA: (type locality, Cayenne); 
name based on Buffon's crabier. J. A. Allen and 
Chapman, 1897:23 TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO: 
Victoria (Princestown); Caroni (Caparo); St. 
George (Caura); DOMINICA. Bangs, 1900:89 
COLOMBIA: La Guajira (Pueblo Viejo, Santa 
Marta). J. A. Allen, 190 Id: 186 TRINIDAD AND 
TOBAGO. Robinson and Lyon, 1901:137 VE- 
NEZUELA: Disthto Federal (La Guaira). Gardner, 
1993:17 listed. 



[Didelphis] Carcinophaga Boddaert, 1784:77 the 
crabier of Buffon. 

Did[elphis] carcinophaga: Cuvier, 1798:124. 

[Didelphis] cancrivora Gmelin, 1788:108 FRENCH 
GUIANA: (type locality, Cayenne); name based on 
the crabier of Buffon. Gardner, 1993:17 listed. 

Didelphis cancrivora: Kerr, 1792:195 Cayenne 
opossum. Jentink, 1887:300 SURINAME: (spec- 
imen figured by Temminck). Jentink, 1888:220 
SURINAME. 

Didelphis Cancrivorus: Shaw, 1800:476 incorrect 
ending of specific name. E. Geoffroy, 1803:139 
FRENCH GUIANA: (Cayenne). 

Didelphys cancrivora: Waterhouse, 1841:85 BRA- 
ZIL; GUYANA. Waterhouse, 1 846:473 northern 
parts of South America. Tomes, 1860:268 EC- 
UADOR. Burmeister, 1854:129 BRAZIL. 

D[idelphvs] cancrivora: Cabanis and Schomburgk, 
1848:777 GUYANA. Wagner, 1843:41 GUYA- 
NA; BRAZIL. 

D[idelphis] azarae: Tschudi, 1844:143 PERU: part, 
tropical zone only. 

Didelphis azarae: Jentink (not Temminck, 1824), 
1888:219 SURINAME. 

Didelphys aurita: Pelzeln, 1883: 109 BRAZIL: 
Amazonas (Borba, Rfo Madeira); Mato Grosso 
(Matogrosso). 

Didelphis aurita: Ihering, 1904:425 BRAZIL: Ama- 
zonas (Rfo Jurua). 

Didelphis marsupialis aurita: Miiller (not Wied-Neu- 
weid), 1914:8 BRAZIL: Para (Peixe-boi, Be- 
lem). Krumbiegel, 1941:42 BRAZIL: Para (Ilha 
Mexiana). Anderson et al., 1993:19 BOLIVIA: 
Santa Cruz (Buena Vista; Buena Vista, near; Co- 
chabamba; San Miguel Rincon; San Rafael de Am- 
boro; Santa Cruz de la Sierra; Santa Rosita; Toco- 
mechi; Warnes; Rfo Yapacanf). 

Didelphys marsupialis van aurita: Menegaux (not 
Wied-Neuweid), 1902:495 FRENCH GUIANA: 
(Ouanary River). 

Didelphys marsupialis L. subsp. Aurita: Krumbiegel, 
1941a:42 part, BRAZIL: Para (Ipitinga; Fazenda 
Nazareth, Ilha Mexiana). 

Didelphys marsupialis van typica: Thomas (not Lin- 
naeus, 1758), 1888b:323 part, TRINIDAD AND 
TOBAGO; BRAZIL: Para (Santarem); COLOM- 
BIA: Antioquia (Concordia); VENEZUELA; GUY- 
ANA: West Pomeroon-Supenaam Coast (Better 
Hope); PERU: San Martin (Moyobamba). Krum- 
biegel, 1941a:42 part, VENEZUELA: Aragua 
(Maracay). Gardner, 1993:17 listed. 

[Didelphys (Marmosa)] koseriti: Trouessart, 1898: 
1240 incorrect subsequent spelling of koseritzi 
Ihering, 1893 classification. 

Didelphis karkinophaga caucae J. A. Allen, 1900b: 
192 COLOMBIA: Valle del Cauca (type locality, 
Cali; holotype, female, skin and skull, AMNH 
14192; collected June 1898 by J. H. Batty). Gard- 
ner, 1993:17 listed. 

Didelphis marsupialis caucae: J. A. Allen, 1902: 
261 COLOMBIA: Valle del Cauca (Cali). J. A. 
Allen, 1 91 6a:200 COLOMBIA: Antioquia (Puerto 
Valdivia; La Frijolera; Barro Blanco; Dabeiba); 
Valle del Cauca (Rfo Frio); Quindio (Salento); 
Huila (San Agustfn; Andalucfa; Honda [now in To- 
lima]). Anthony, 1923:4 COLOMBIA: Antioquia 



34 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



(El Poblado, near Medellfn). Gardner, 1973:69-71 
(see for further information on localities in Mexico 
and Central America) MEXICO: Tamaulipas 
(Ejido Santa Isabel); San Luis Potosi (El Salto, Rib 
Naranjo; El Naranjo [= Naranjos]; Rib Axtla; Xil- 
itla; Tamazunchale; "Rancho Sabinal"); Hidalgo 
(San Felipe Orizatlan); Veracruz-Llave (El Higo; 
Hacienda Tamiahua, Cabo Rojo; Tuxpan; Tihu- 
atlan; Papantla; Nautla; San Marcos; Tlapacoyan; 
Las Minas; Jalapa; Jico; Mirador; Veracruz; Boca 
del Rib; Fortm; Rio Metlac, 1 km W of Fortfn; 
Potrero Viejo; Orizaba; San Juan de la Punta; Rio 
Blanco. 20 km W of Piedras Negras; San Andres 
Tuxtla: Catemaco; Lago Catemaco; Agua Dulce: 
Jesus Carranza [= Santa Lucrecia]); Puebla (Met- 
laltoyuca); Oaxaca (Yetla [= San Mateo Yetla]; 
Santo Domingo [= Santo Domingo Petapa]; Cerro 
El Baiil, Rancho Carlos Minne; Tapanatepec [= 
San Pedro Tapanatepec]); Tabasco (Alvaro Obre- 
gon [= Frontera]; La Venta; Cardenas; Villa Her- 
mosa; Mascuspana; Teapa; Rio Puyacatengo, 15 
km E of Teapa); Chiapas (Palenque; Solusuchiapa; 
Soyalo; El Real; Tuxtla; Chiapa de Corzo; Chiapa; 
Comitan, 20 mi W; Zapaluta [= La Trinitaria], 18 
mi E; Finca Ocuilapa; Risa de Oro; Finca Prusia; 
Pa vol; Finca La Esperanza, 45 km N of Huixtla; 
Finca Germania; Rib Huixtla, ca. 13 km N of Huix- 
tla); Campeche (Apazote; Escarcega); Yucatan 
(Chichen Itza); BELIZE: Cayo (Central Farm); 
GUATEMALA: Peten (Toocoq); Aha Verapaz 
(Chinaja; Chimoxan); Suchitepequez (Finca Sela- 
che); Santa Rosa (Astillero); HONDURAS: Gra- 
cias a Dios (Patuca; "Patuca River"); Atlantida 
(La Ceiba); Cortes (San Pedro Sula); Santa Bar- 
bara (Santa Barbara; Las Ventanas, Lago Yojoa); 
Copdn (Copan); Lempira (Las Flores, Gracias); 
Ocotepeque (Las Ventanas, near Belen Gualcho; 
Nueva Octopeque); Francisco Morazdn (El Zapote: 
Tegucigalpa); EL SALVADOR: Chalatenango 
(San Jose del Sacare); Ahuachapdn (Barra de San- 
tiago); Cuscatldn (Colima); San Miguel (Cerro Ca- 
caguatique, N slope; Volcan de San Miguel; Lago 
Olomega); Morazdn (Divisadero; Carolina Mine, 4 
km W of Divisadero); Libertad (La Libertad); Son- 
sonate (Hacienda Chilata); Usulutdn (Puerto del 
Triunfo); NICARAGUA: Nueva Segovia (Jalapa); 
Chinandega (Hacienda San Isidro; San Antonio); 
Jinotega (Yali; Hacienda La Trampa, not located); 
Matagalpa ("Lavala [= Savala]"; Santa Maria de 
Ostuma; Finca Tepeyac); Zelaya ("Rib Coco"; Bo- 
nanza; Kurinwas River; Rio Mico, S side El Re- 
creo; El Recreo; Rib Escondido, 50 mi from Blue- 
fields); Managua (Managua; Hacienda Azacualpa); 
Boaco (Santa Rosa); Granada (Hacienda Mecate- 
pe; La Calera, not located); Choluteca (Diriamba); 
Chontales (Villa Somoza); Rio San Juan (La Es- 
peranza; Toro Rapids; Greytown [= San Juan del 
Norte]); COSTA RICA: Guanacaste (La Irma, Rfo 
Abangares); Alajuela (Alajuela); Puntarenas (Mon- 
teverde; San Geronimo Pirris; Finca Ligia, Parrita; 
Pozo Azul; Palmar [= Palmar Sur]; Puerto Golfeto; 
Camp Seattle, Osa Peninsula); San Jose (Finca Lor- 
nessa; San Jose; San Pedro, Montes de Oca; Hatil- 
lo; San Isidro del General [= Urefia]); Cartago 
(Santa Teresa Peralta; Turrialba; Cartago); Limon 
(Cariari; Pandora; "Talamanca"); PANAMA: Chi- 



riqui (Cerro Punta; Palo Santo; Boquete; Concep- 
tion; Boqueron; Progreso; Bambito; Tale; Guaba- 
la); Bocas del Toro (Nievecita Farm: Boca del Dra- 
go; Almirante); Veraguas (Santa Fe, Rio Santa Ma- 
ria; Isla Coiba); Colon (Fort Sherman; Mojinga 
Swamp; Camp Pina; Rio Indio; Gatun; Fort Davis; 
Porto Bello; Colon); Code (El Valle); Los Santos 
(Guanico; Cerro Hoya); Colon/Panama (Lion Hill; 
Barro Colorado [= Barro Colorado Island]; Rio 
Chagres); Panama (Juan Mina Station, Rib Cha- 
gres; Rio Mandinga; Madden Road; Empire; Red 
Tank; Fort Clayton; Curundu; Corozal; Ancon; 
Quarry Heights; Fort Kobbe; Cerro Azul [= La 
Zumbadora]; San Miguel Island [= Isla del Rey]); 
San Bias (Mandinga; Armila); Darien (Rio Chu- 
cunaque; El Real; Tacarcuna; Capeti; Cituro; Boca 
de Rio Paya; Cerro Pirre; Cana; Jaque). Baker, 
1974:135 ECUADOR: Esmeraldas (Cupa; Es- 
meraldas; Quininde; Rib Verde); Guavas (Mira- 
dor). Reig et al., 1977:21 1 COSTA RICA: San 
Jose (Santa Ana). Wilson, 1983:443 COSTA 
RICA: Puntarenas (Monteverde Forest Reserve; 
Rincon; San Vito de Java); Heredia (Puerto Viejo 
de Sarapaquf). 

Didelphis karkinophaga colombica J. A. Allen. 
1900b: 193 COLOMBIA: Magdalena (type local- 
ity, Bonda, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta; holo- 
type, male, skin and skull, AMNH 15453, collected 
19 April 1899 by H. H. Smith). Osgood, 1912:39 
VENEZUELA: Zulia (El Panorama, Rfo Aurare). 
Gardner, 1993:17 listed. 

Didelphis marsupialis colombica: J. A. Allen, 1902: 
260, 276 COLOMBIA: Cundinamarca (near Bo- 
gota); Magdalena (Santa Marta). J. A. Allen, 
1904d:4 18 COLOMBIA: Magdalena (Bonda; 
Valparaiso). 

Didelphis marsupialis cerca de colombica: Mendez, 
1951:205 VENEZUELA: Miranda (El Hafillo, 
La Union; Turgua). 

Didelphis marsupialis tabascensis J. A. Allen, 190 Id: 
1 73 MEXICO: Tabasco (type locality, Teapa; ho- 
lotype, USNM 100512). W. B. Davis, 1944:374 
MEXICO: Veracruz-Llave (Boca del Rio). Gardner, 
1993:17 listed. 

Didelphis marsupialis richmondi J. A. Allen, 190 Id: 
175 NICARAGUA: Rio San Juan (type locality, 
Greytown; holotype, adult female, USNM 33136/ 
45140). Harris, 1943:7 NICARAGUA: Rio San 
Juan (Greytown); COSTA RICA: Cartago (El Mu- 
neco). Gardner, 1993:17 listed. 

Didelphis marsupialis insularis Rendall, 1897:342 
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO. J. A. Allen, 1902: 
259, 276 TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO: Caroni 
(type locality, Caparo, holotype, male, skin and 
skull, AMNH 7740/6124; collected 19 March 1894 
by Frank M. Chapman); DOMINICA; GRENADA; 
ST. VINCENT. G. M. Allen, 191 1:193 TRINI- 
DAD AND TOBAGO; GRENADA (import); ST 
VINCENT (import). Hollister, 1912:93 MARTI- 
NIQUE. Vesey-Fitzgerald, 1936:6 TRINIDAD 
AND TOBAGO: (northern range). Beebe, 1952: 
181 TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO: (Aruma Val- 
ley, not located). Gardner, 1993:17 listed. 

Didelphis marsupialis etensis J. A. Allen, 1902:262, 
276 PERU: Piura (now in Lambaxaque) (type lo- 
cality, Eten, 50 ft [= 15 m]); ECUADOR: Guayas 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



35 




Fig. 14. Distribution of Didelphis marsupialis in Central America: Mexico south through Panama. See Figure 15 
for distribution in South America, o = localities from unpublished records; = localities given in published records. 



(Puna; Guayaquil); Esmeraldas (San Javier; Pam- 
bilar): PANAMA: Chiriqui (Boquerdn: Boquete): 
Panama (Isla San Miguel [= Isla del Rey]). J. A. 
Allen, 1912a:74 COLOMBIA: Caldas (San Jose). 
Osgood. 1914b: 148 PERU: La Libertad (Meno- 
cucho: Hacienda Llagueda). J. A. Allen. 1916d: 
116 ECUADOR: Esmeraldas; Guayas (Puna [= 
Isla Puna]; Daule); Loja (now in El Oro) (Zaruma). 
J. A. Allen. 1 9 16a:200 COLOMBIA: Caldas 
(San Jose); Narino (Barbacoas): Owed (Bagado). 
Thomas. 1920c: 247 PERU: Cusco (Santa Ana). 
Thomas. 1927a:372 PERU: La Libertad (Pacas- 
mayo); Amazonas (San Nicolas. 1364 m). Gardner. 
1993:17 listed. 

Didelphis marsupialis battyi Thomas. 1902e:137 
PANAMA: (type locality. Coiba Island [= Isla Coi- 
ba], Veraguas; holotype. old female. BMNH orig- 
inal number 106). Gardner. 1993:17 listed. 

Did[elphis] mesamericana mesamericana J. A. Allen. 
1902:251 (part, not available from Oken. 1816). 
Davis. 1944:374 part. MEXICO: Puebla (Rio 
Otlati). Nuevo Leon (Rfo Ramos). Gardner. 1993: 
17 listed. 

Didelphis marsupialis particeps Goldman. 1917: 
107 PANAMA: (type locality. San Miguel Island 
[= Isla San Miguel]. Golfo de Panama. Panama; 
holotype. adult female. Banas Collection. MCZ 
8439). Gardner. 1993:17 listed. 

Didelphis [sp.]: Guallan. 1962:157 PERU: Amazon- 
as (upper Rio Maraiion). 

Holotype None in existence, name based on 



Seba's (1734:64) philander maximus orientalis, 
Oldfield Thomas, 1911, by subsequent designa- 
tion. 

Type Locality SURINAME. 

Distribution (Figs. 14 and 15) Tropical and 
subtropical zones of Mexico from Tamaulipas 
south through Central America into Panama, Co- 
lombia. Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela, the Guianas, 
Bolivia. Brazil, and Paraguay. 

Additional Records MEXICO: Tarnaulipas; 
Llera, Santa Isabel (Schaldach and Grissi. 1954, 
KU); San Luis Potosi; Ebano (Dalquest, 1950, 
LSUMZ); Bledos (Dalquest, 1950, LSUMZ); Ha- 
cienda Capulin (Dalquest. 1950, LSUMZ); Axtla 
(Dalquest, 1946, KU); La Joya. near Xilitla 
(Shaw, 1947. LSUMZ); Veracruz-Have; Potrero 
(Lee, 1960. KU); Tenochtitlan (Lackey, 1958, 
UMMZ); Oaxaca; Acatlan (Miller, 1976, 
UMMZ); Mitla, 25 mi S of Oaxaca (Eyster, 1968, 
LSUMZ); Chiapas; Palenque. Ruinas de (Kilgore, 
1965. KU); Pichucalco (Smith, 1965, KU); Cam- 
peche; Isla del Carmen (Stanley, 1962, KU); BE- 
LIZE: Cayo; Mt. Pine Ridge, not located (Murie, 
1931. UMMZ); GUATEMALA: Peten; Uaxactun 
(Murie. 1931, UMMZ): Tikal (Cantrall, 1956, 
UMMZ): La Libertad (Jones, Jr., 1960, KU); San- 



36 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



| - II Didelphis marsupialis 



10 




20 



30 



40 



50 



90 



80 



70 



60 



50 



40 



30 



20 



10 



Fig. 15. Distribution of Didelphis marsupialis in South America: throughout South America and Trinidad and 
Tobago, but currently unknown in Chile, Argentina, and Uruguay. See Figure 14 for distribution in Central America. 
o - localities from unpublished records; = localities given in published records. 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



37 



ta Rosa; Finca El Progresso (de la Torre, 1951, 
UMMZ): Suchitepequez; Salache (Anthony, 1924, 
AMNH): EL SALVADOR: Morazdn; Monte 
Cristo Mine, not located (Hildebrand, 1941, 
MVZ); NICARAGUA: Managua; Lago Jiloa 
(Kuhn, 1958, AMNH); Matagalpa; Hacienda Te- 
peyac. near Matagalpa (Clark, 1914. KU); Boaco; 
Boaco (Schlitter. 1967, KU; COSTA RICA: Pun- 
(arenas; Jaco, 10 km N (Hafner, 1984. LSUMZ); 
San Jose; Universidad [de Costa Rica], San Jose 
(McPherson. 1966, LSU); Cartago; Santa Rosa 
(Hafner, 1987, LSUMZ); Alajuela; Palmira de 
Zarcero (Smith, 1936, FMNH); PANAMA: Chi- 
riqui; Nicaragua Boquete, not located (Gaige, 
1923, UMMZ): Panama; Balboa (Godfrey. 1948, 
UMMZ); Tapia (1923, FMNH); Darien; Yaviza 
(Cavalier, 1967. MVZ); La Laguna (1963, 
UMMZ); COLOMBIA: Owed; Ungufa (Hersh- 
kovitz, 1950. FMNH); COLOMBIA: Valle del 
Cauca; Riolima. near San Antonio. W of Cali 
(Batty. 1898. AMNH); San Jose (Richardson, 

1910, AMNH): Rio Raposo (Thornton, 1962, 
USNM); Caldas [= Dagua] (Richardson. 1910, 
AMNH); Las Lomitas [= Lomitas] (Richardson, 

1911, AMNH); Rio Bariatou (= Barratow), near 
Cali (Batty, 1898, AMNH); Guengue (Richard- 
son. 1911, AMNH); Cauca; Cerro Munichique 
(von Sneidern, 1957, FMNH); Rio Saija (von 
Sneidern, 1958, FMNH); Charguayaco (von Snei- 
dern, 1956, FMNH); Sabanetas (von Sneidern, 
1957, 1958, FMNH); Chisqufo (von Sneidern, 
1957, FMNH); Totoro (von Sneidern, 1957, 
FMNH); Popoyan (von Sneidern, 1957, FMNH); 
Purace (Carriker Jr., 1956, USNM); Cauca Seca 
(= Rio Cauca). not precisely located (Batty. 1898. 
AMNH); Atldntico; La Pena (Hershkovitz, 1952. 
FMNH); Cordoba; Socorre (Hershkovitz, 1949, 
FMNH); Antioquia; Turbo (Hershkovitz, 1950, 
FMNH); Zaragoza (Peterson, 1970, 1971. 
USNM); La Cabana (Hershkovitz, 1950, FMNH); 
Valdivia (Hershkovitz, 1950, FMNH); Urrao 
(Hershkovitz. 1951, FMNH); Club Campestre, 1 
mi S of El Poblado (Van Deusen, 1952, AMNH): 
Sonson (Niceforo Maria, 1922, AMNH; 1923, 
USNM); Huila; Villavieja (Miller, 1949, MVZ); 
Naranjal, Valle de Suaza (Del Aguila, 1971, 
USNM); Guapaton, Valle de Suaza (Del Aguila, 
1971. USNM): San Isidro, Valle de Suaza (Del 
Aguila, 1971. USNM): Picuma, Valle de Suaza 
(Del Aguila. 1971. USNM); Marmato, Valle de 
Suaza (Del Aguila. 1971. USNM); Avispero, Val- 
le de Suaza (Del Aguila. 1971. USNM): El Alto, 
Valle de Suaza (Del Aguila. 1971, USNM); Las 
Quemadas, Valle de Suaza (Del Aguila, 1971, 



USNM); Belgica, Valle de Suaza (Del Aguila, 
1971, USNM); San Calixto, Valle de Suaza (Del 
Aguila, 1971, USNM); Valle de Sauza (Del Agui- 
la, 1971, USNM); San Adolfo (Hershkovitz, 
1951, FMNH); Putumayo; Puerto Asis (Kirsch, 
1969, KU); Rio Mecaya, Rio Caqueta (Hershko- 
vitz, 1952, FMNH); Caqueta; Tres Troncas 
(Hershkovitz, 1952, FMNH); Magdalena; Pueblo 
Bello, Valledupar (Hershkovitz, 1942, USNM); El 
Salado (Hershkovitz, 1942, USNM); Cesar; San 
Sebastian (Hershkovitz, 1950, FMNH); Colonia 
Agncola de Caracolicito (Hershkovitz. 1942, 
USNM); Rio Guaimaral (Hershkovitz, 1942, 
USNM); El Orinoco, Rio Cesar (Hershkovitz, 
1943, USNM); Bolivar; San Juan Nepomuceno 
(Hershkovitz, 1949, FMNH); Cundinamarca; San 
Juan de Rioseco (Niceforo Maria, 1924, AMNH); 
Meta; Guaicaramo [= Guaycarama] (Niceforo 
Maria, 1926, AMNH): Finca El Capricho, Villa- 
vicencio (Kirsch. 1969, KU); Villavicencio (Gil- 
more, 1939, AMNH; Moreno, 1946, MVZ; Ni- 
ceforo Maria, 1925, AMNH); Serrania de Macar- 
ena [= La Macarena] (Dillon, 1942, AMNH); Ca- 
ney [= Restrepo] (Boshell, 1939, AMNH; Wellan, 
1937, AMNH); La Guajira; Honda Bay [= Bahia 
Honda] (Hosves, 1913, AMNH); Villanueva 
(Hershkovitz, 1942, USNM); Las Marimondas 
(Hershkovitz, 1942, 1943, USNM); Norte de San- 
tander; Rio Tarra (Hershkovitz, 1943, USNM); 
Guamalito (Hershkovitz, 1943, USNM); Arauca; 
Rio Arauca (von Sneidern, 1959, FMNH); EC- 
UADOR: Manabi; Bahia de Caraquez (Tate, 
1923, AMNH); Guayas; Cordillera de Colconche, 
near Manglaralto (Hershkovitz, 1934, UMMZ); 
Cerro Manglaralto (Anthony and Tate, 1923, 
AMNH); Bucay (Tate, 1921, AMNH); Ventura 
(Tate, 1922, AMNH); El Oro; Santa Rosa (Tate, 
1921, AMNH); Portovelo (Anthony, 1920, AMNH); 
Rio Pindo (Anthony, 1920, AMNH); Salinas, 
(Anthony, 1920, AMNH); Loja; Alamor (An- 
thony, 1920, AMNH; Tate, 1921, AMNH); San 
Bartolo (Tate, 1921, AMNH); Guainche (Tate, 
1921, AMNH); Limona, not precisely located 
(Tate, 1921, AMNH); Los Rios; Limon (Tate, 

1923, AMNH); Vinces (Tate, 1922, AMNH); Ha- 
cienda Santa Teresi (McLean, 1974, USNM); 
Chimborazo; Pallatanga (Tate, 1922, AMNH); 
Puente de Chimbo (Tate, 1922, AMNH); Rio 
Chimbo. Coto (Tate, 1922, AMNH); San Antonio 
(Tate. 1922, AMNH); Zamora-Chinchipe; Zamora 
(Anthony, 1920, AMNH); Napo; Santa Cecilia 
(Lynch, 1967, KU); Limoncocha (Emmons, 1974, 
USNM); San Jose Nuevo [= San Jose] (Olalla, 

1924, AMNH); Rio Napo, not precisely located 



38 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



(von Baumann/Roosevelt, 1936, AMNH); Pasta- 
za; Sarayacu (Tate, 1924, AMNH); Montalvo 
(Olalla, 1932, FMNH); Copataza (Tate, 1924, 
AMNH); PERU: Tumbes; Tumbes (Steere, 1873, 
UMMZ); Piura; "Batan," on Zapalache-Carmen 
Trail (Barkley, 1980, LSUMZ); Palambla (Wat- 
kins, 1922, AMNH); Lambayeque; Motupe 
(Smith, 1981, LSUMZ); Lima; Yangas (Pearson, 
1968, MVZ); Cajamarca; Huarandosa, Rio Chin- 
chipe (Watkins, 1923, AMNH); Amazonas; Rio 
Kagka, headwaters (Patton, 1978, MVZ); La 
Poza, Rio Santiago (Patton, 1979, 1981, MVZ); 
Luya (Patterson, 1987, FMNH); Huampami (Agu- 
aruna Village, Rio Cenepa) (Patton, 1977, MVZ); 
Tseasim (Aguaruna Village, Rio Huampami), not 
precisely located (Patton, 1977, MVZ); Loreto; 
Rio Curaray, boca (Olalla, 1925, AMNH); Que- 
brada Oran (Chupasko, 1984, LSUMZ); Rio 
Napo, lower (Bassler, 1928, AMNH); Santa Rita 
(Kalinowski, 1956, FMNH); Iquitos (Bassler, 
1927, AMNH); Quistococha (Hershkovitz, 1980, 
FMNH); Nauta, left bank Rio Samiria (McGrath, 
1980, KU); Santa Elena (Kalinowski, 1956, 
FMNH); Yanayaquillo, Rio Samiria (Bluntschli, 
1912, AMNH); Rio Samiria (Bluntschli, 1912, 
AMNH); San Lorenzo (Kalinowski, 1957, 
FMNH); Biological Station "Pithecia" (Hersh- 
kovitz, 1980, FMNH); Hudnuco; Tingo Maria 
(Heller, 1922, FMNH); Hacienda Exito (Heller, 
1922, FMNH); Hacienda Porvenir, 4 mi above 
Hacienda Exito (Heller, 1922, FMNH); Hacienda 
Buena Vista (Heller, 1922, FMNH); Pasco; Po- 
zuzo, Oxapampa (Heller, 1923, FMNH); Nevati 
Mission (Buck, 1964, AMNH; Meyers, 1964, 
AMNH; Tuttle, 1964, AMNH); San Pablo (Tuttle, 
1964, AMNH); Junin; Quinisa, Chanchamayo 
(Schunke, 1924, USNM); San Ramon (Anderson, 
1914, FMNH); Utcuyacu (Watkins, 1919, 
AMNH); Ayacucho; Luisiana [= Hacienda Luisi- 
ana] (Gardner, 1971, LSUMZ; Koford, 1963, 
AMNH); Ucayali; Yarinacocha (Schunke, 1945, 
FMNH); Pucallpa (Hinsch, 1971, 1972, USNM); 
Balta (Gardner, 1966, 1968, LSUMZ; O'Neill, 
1971, LSUMZ); Lagarto (Olalla, 1928, AMNH); 
Santa Rosa, Alto Ucayali (Olalla, 1927, AMNH); 
Cusco; Kiteni (Thomas, 1974, LSUMZ); Madre 
de Dios; Altamira (Kalinowski, 1962, FMNH); 
Puerto Maldonado, Reserva Cuzco Amazonico 
(Alegria, MVZ; Hooper, Jr., 1990, KU; Schmidt, 
1989, KU; Timm, 1990, KU; Warner, 1983, MVZ; 
Woodman, 1989, KU); Tambopata (Hibbs, 1965, 
USNM); Puno; Challoma, 3 mi below San Juan 
on Rio Tambopata (Heller, 1950, 1951, 1952, 
FMNH); VENEZUELA: Zulia; Rio Anaure [ = 



Aurare] (Osgood and Jewett, Jr., 1911, FMNH) 
Machiques, Kasmera (Kirsch, 1969, KU); Meri 
da; Merida (Osgood and Conover, 1920, FMNH 
Gabaldon, 1904, AMNH); San Jacinto (Briceno 
1903, AMNH; Osgood and Conover, 1920 
FMNH); La Vega del Rio Chama (Gabaldon 
1907, AMNH); Sierra Nevada de Merida (Osgood 
and Conover, 1920, FMNH); Tdchira; La Grita 
(Gochfeld, 1974, AMNH); Falcon; La Pastora 
(Smithsonian Venezuelan Project, 1967, USNM); 
Lara; El Tocuyo (Smithsonian Venezuelan Pro- 
ject, 1968, USNM); Trujillo; Motatan (Kirsch, 
1969, KU); Trujillo, 15 km E of (Kirsch, 1969, 
KU); Apure; Puerto Paez (Smithsonian Venezue- 
lan Project, 1966, USNM); Aragua; Ocumare de 
la Costa (Handley, Jr., 1960, USNM); Camp Ran- 
gel, not located (De La Barera, USNM); Miranda; 
Nucleo El Laurel, not located (Kirsch, 1969, KU); 
Sucre; Cuchivano (Tate and Clement, 1925, 
AMNH; Tate, 1925, AMNH); Latal (Tate, 1925, 
AMNH); Neveri (Tate, 1925, AMNH); Monagas; 
Cocollar (Tate, 1925, AMNH); Caicara de Matu- 
rin [= Caicara] (Smith, Jr., USNM); Bolivar; Cai- 
cara (Cherrie, 1907, AMNH); Kanavayen (Mc- 
Guire, 1952, AMNH); Chimanta Massif, Lower 
Cumbre Camp, Chimanta-tepui, Rio Tiraca (Stey- 
ermark and Wurdach, 1955, FMNH); Amazonas; 
Cano Leon, Cerro Duida (Olalla, 1928, AMNH); 
Chorrera de Vegas (Olalla Brothers, 1929, 
AMNH); Middle Camp, Cerro Duida (Tate, 1928, 
AMNH); Laterite Valley, Cerro Duida (Olalla, 
1929, AMNH); Sabana Grande, Cerro Duida 
(Olalla, 1929, AMNH); Cumbre no. 1, Cerro Dui- 
da (Olalla, 1929, AMNH); Cumbre no. 15, Cerro 
Duida (Olalla, 1929, AMNH); Desfiladero, Cum- 
bre no. 13 (Olalla, 1929, AMNH); Esmeralda 
(Olalla, 1928, AMNH); Rio Ocamo [= Rio Ocor- 
no], boca, Rio Orinoco (Olalla, 1929, AMNH); 
San Geronimo, Cerro San Miguel, not located 
(Olmstead, 1938, AMNH; Roe, 1938, 1939, 
AMNH); Rio Casiquiare (Olalla, 1929, AMNH); 
La Fortuna, Cerro San Miguel, not located (Roe, 
1938, 1939, AMNH); San Miguel, Palenque, not 
located (Roe, 1938, AMNH); TRINIDAD AND 
TOBAGO: St. George; Port-of-Spain (AMNH); 
San Rafael (Wonder, 1942, FMNH); Carom; 
Brickfield (Wonder, 1947, FMNH); St. David; 
Grande Riviere, near Tree Station (Downs, 1956, 
AMNH); Heights of Oropuche [= El Cerro del 
Oropuche] (Carriker, 1910, AMNH); St. Andrew; 
Cumaca [= Cumacca] (1967, AMNH); Mt. Harris 
(Wonder, 1947, FMNH); Matura (Downs, 1956, 
AMNH); Turure Forest (1967, AMNH); Rio San- 
gre Grande (Downs, 1956, AMNH); Maingot Es- 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



39 



tates, 5 mi from Sangre; Nariva; Bush Bush, Na- 
riva Swamp (Downs, 1960, AMNH); GUYANA: 
Cuyuni-Mazaruni; Oko Mts. (Blake, 1937, 
FMNH); Kalacoon [= Kalakun] (Beebe, 1916, 
AMNH); Potaro-Siparuni; Tumatumari (Miller, 
1913, AMNH); Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo; 
Pakani (Mortensen, 1975, USNM); Dadanawa, 15 
mi E (Brock, 1964, USNM); Demerara-Mahaica; 
Rio Demerara (Dahlgren, 1922; Warren, 1924, 
FMNH); Buxton, 1 mi E (Blake, 1937, FMNH); 
SURINAME: Sipaliwini; Tapanahoni, Paloemeu; 
Wilhelmina Mountains, West River (Beatty, 1961, 
FMNH); Nickerie; Kayser Gebirgte Airstrip 
(Beatty, 1960, FMNH); Saramacca; La Poule, left 
bank Saramacca River (Hershkovitz, 1962, 
FMNH); Para; Lelydorplan [= Lelydorp] (Hersh- 
kovitz, 1961, 1962, FMNH); Brokopondo; Loksie 
Hattie, Saramacca River (Hershkovitz, 1961, 
FMNH); BRAZIL: Manuinhos, not located (Ven- 
ancio, 1934, USNM); Roraima; Flexal [= Fre- 
chal], Rio Surumu (Tate and Carter, 1927. 
AMNH); Serra da Lua, near Boa Vista (Anderson 
and Becker, 1913, FMNH); Conceicao (Anderson, 
1912, FMNH); Amazonas; Uaupes [= Sao Gabri- 
el] (Olalla Brothers, 1928, AMNH; Olalla, 1929, 
AMNH); Yucali [= Iucaf] (Olalla Brothers, 1929, 
AMNH); Santa Isabel [= Tapurucuara] (Holt, 
1930, USNM); Miripinima [= Mirapinima] (Olal- 
la Brothers, 1929, AMNH); Parintins [= Villa 
Bella Imperatriz = Bella Imperatriz], Boca Rio 
Andira (Olalla Brothers, 1930, 1931, AMNH); 
Cacau Pirera [= Cacao Pereira] (Olalla Brothers, 
1929, 1930, AMNH); Manaus (Becker, 1913, 
FMNH); Itacoatiara (Becker, 1915, FMNH); Ro- 
sarinho [= Rozarinho] (Olalla Brothers, 1930. 
AMNH); Auara Igarape (Olalla Brothers, 1930, 
AMNH); Acre; Sena Madureira (1976, USNM); 
Amapd; Calcoene (USNM); Serra do Navio 
(1966, 1967, 1968, USNM; Belem Virus Labo- 
ratory, 1966, USNM; de Pinheiro, 1968, USNM); 
Para; Ilha de Marajo (Gilmore, 1936, AMNH: 
Kumm, 1936, AMNH); Estrada Ferro de Bragan- 
ca (Snethlage, 1911, FMNH); Belem (Belem Vi- 
rus Laboratory, 1967, USNM; Pine, 1968, 
USNM; Pine, 1973); Villarinho do Monte, Rio 
Xingu (Olalla Brothers, 1931, AMNH); Capim 
(Belem Virus Laboratory, 1960, AMNH); Porto 
de Moz, Rio Xingu (Olalla Brothers, 1931, 
AMNH); Ilha do Taiuna. Rio Tocantins (Olalla 
Brothers, 1931, AMNH): Igarape Bravo, Rio Ta- 
pajos (Olalla Brothers, 1931, AMNH); Faro (Olal- 
la Brothers, 1931, AMNH); Sao Jose, near Faro 
(Olalla, 1931, AMNH); Cameta, Rio Tocantins 
(Olalla Brothers, 1931, AMNH); Igarape Amorin 



[= Limontuba], Rio Tapajos (Olalla Brothers, 
1931, AMNH); Limoal, near Igarape Amorin, not 
located (Olalla Brothers, 1931, AMNH); Moca- 
juba, Rio Tocantins (Olalla Brothers, 1931, 
AMNH); Piquiatuba, Rio Tapajos (Olalla Broth- 
ers, 1931, AMNH); Baiao, Rio Tocantins (Olalla 
Brothers, 1931, AMNH); Caxiricatuba, Rio Ta- 
pajos (Olalla Brothers, 1931, AMNH); Tauari [ = 
Tauary], Rio Tapajos (Olalla Brothers, 1931, 
AMNH); Altamira (Emmons, 1986, USNM); For- 
dlandia (Gilmore, 1938, AMNH); Itaituba (1976, 
USNM; Pinheiro, 1972, USNM); Inajatuba, lower 
Rio Tapajos, not located (Olalla Brothers, 1931, 
AMNH); Mato Grosso; Aripuana (1974, USNM); 
Caceres (Hibbs, 1965, USNM; Kuns, 1965, 
USNM); Narinja, not located (AMNH); Maran- 
hao; Sao Luis [= Maranhao] (Kaempfer, AMNH); 
Distrito Federal; Cruzeiro, near Brasilia (Robert, 
1900, AMNH); BOLIVIA: Beni; Rio Beni (An- 
derson, 1985, AMNH); Rio Mamore, 5 km NW 
of Rio Grande (Anez, 1965, AMNH); Vaca Diez 
(Hibbs, 1965, USNM); Estancia Yutcole, 20 km 
S of San Joaquin (Anez, 1965, AMNH); Estancia 
La Cabana, 1 km E of La Embocada (Creighton. 
1979, UMMZ); Santa Cruz; Cerro Amboro, Rio 
Pitisama [= Pitasama] (Riddle, 1985, AMNH); 
PARAGUAY: Caaguazu; Colonia Sommerfield 
no. 11 (Wharton, 1950, USNM); Itapua; El Tirol 
(Jones, 1978, MVZ). 



Didelphis virginiana Kerr, 1792 



Didelphis virginiana Kerr. 1792. In Linnaeus, Animal 
Kingdom, p. 193. Synonymy omitted. Gardner, 
1993:17 listed. 



Type Based on the "Virginian Opossum" of 
Pennant, 1781:301. 

Type Locality Virginia. 

Distribution (not mapped) From British Co- 
lumbia to southern Ontario, Canada, into the Unit- 
ed States, and introduced into California, south 
into Baja California del Norte; Mexico and Cen- 
tral America into northern Costa Rica. 

Remarks See Gardner, 1973 and 1993; Reig 
et al., 1977, for synonymy. 

Regarded as extralimital Gardner (1973) list- 
ed the following subspecies, Didelphis virginiana 
pigra, Bangs, 1898; Didelphis virginiana califor- 
nica Bennett, 1833; Didelphis virginiana yucata- 
nensis Allen, 1901e. 



40 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Genus Gracilinanus Gardner and Creighton, 
1989 

Marmosa microtarsus Group: Tate, 1933:8, 10, 34, 
43, 47, 49, 185 part, the microtarsus section only. 
Creighton, 1984:51, 98 species. 

Thylamys: Kirsch and Calaby, 1977:14 subgenus of 
Marmosa, part, the species of Tate's microtarsus 
section only. Reig et al., 1987:7 part, the species 
of Tate's microtarsus section; distribution. 

Gracilinanus Gardner and Creighton, 1989:4. Gard- 
ner, 1993:17 listed. 

Type Species Didelphys microtarsus Wagner, 
1842, by original designation. 

Distribution (Fig. 16) Forested or wooded 
areas of South America from the Caribbean coast 
of Colombia and Venezuela in the north to the 
Delta del Rio Parana in the south. 



Gracilinanus aceramarcae (Tate, 1931) 

Marmosa aceramarcae Tate, 1931:12. Tate, 1933: 
202 BOLIVIA: holotype only. Goodwin, 1953: 
226. 

Gracilinanus aceramarcae: Gardner and Creighton, 
1989:5. Gardner, 1993:17 listed. 

Holotype Young adult female, skin and skull, 
AMNH 72568; collected 26 May 1926 by G.H.H. 
Tate. 

Type Locality Rio "Aceramarca" [= Rio 
Aceromarca], Rio Unduavi, Yungas, La Paz, Bo- 
livia, 10800 ft (= 3370 m). 

Distribution (Fig. 17) Known only from east 
side of Lago Titicaca and Bolivia. 



Gracilinanus agilis (Burmeister, 1854) 

Didelphis murina: Lund (not Linnaeus, 1758), 1839: 
233 BRAZIL: Minas Gerais (Rio das Velhas). 
Lund, 1841: 51, 52, 106, 107, 134, 237, 265, 293 
BRAZIL: Minas Gerais (Lagoa Santa). Lund, 
1842:135 BRAZIL: Minas Gerais (Lagoa Santa). 

Didelphis pusilla: Lund (not Desmarest, 1804), 1839: 
233 BRAZIL: Minas Gerais (Rio das Velhas). 
Lund, 1841:106, 134, 237, 265, 293 BRAZIL: 
Minas Gerais (Lagoa Santa). Lund, 1842:133, 
199 BRAZIL: Minas Gerais (Lagoa Santa). 

M[armosa] pusilla: Thomas (not Desmarest, 1804), 
1900a:549 part, BRAZIL: Minas Gerais (Lagoa 
Santa); agilis Burmeister a synonym. 

Grymaeomys pusillus: Winge (not Desmarest, 1804), 
1893:27 BRAZIL: Minas Gerais (Lagoa Santa). 

Didelphis elegans: Lund (not Waterhouse, 1839), 
1840:312, 315 BRAZIL: Minas Gerais; murina 
Lund (not Linnaeus), a synonym. Lund, 1842:133, 
135, 199 BRAZIL: Minas Gerais (Lagoa Santa). 



Marmosa elegans: Miranda Ribeiro (not Waterhouse, 
1839), 1914 Annexo, 5:48 BRAZIL: Mato Gros- 
so (Salto do Sepotuba). 

Didelphys [(Grymaeomys)] agilis Burmeister, 1854: 
139- BRAZIL type description. 

Grymaeomys agilis: Burmeister, 1856:82 BRAZIL: 
Minas Gerais (Lagoa Santa). 

[Marmosa] agilis: Trouessart, 1898:1241 classifica- 
tion. Krumbiegel, 1941c:7 BOLIVIA: Tarija 
(Villa Montes). 

Didelphis agilis: Mohr, 1941:226 type history. 

Marmosa agilis: Alho et al., 1986:447, 451, 452 
BRAZIL: Distrito Federal (Parque Nacional de 
Brasilia; Fazenda Agua Limpa). Mares et al., 1986: 
294 BRAZIL: Distrito Federal (Fazenda Agua 
Limpa, Universidade de Brasilia; Reserva Ecolo- 
gica Biologica do Instituto de Geografia e Estatfs- 
tica [IBGE]). Redford and da Fonseca, 1986:129 
BRAZIL: distribution. Nitikman and Mares, 1987: 
83, 84, 86, 87, 90, 91 BRAZIL: Distrito Federal 
(Fazenda Agua Limpa, 1000 m). Da Fonseca and 
Kierulff, 1988:99 BRAZIL: Minas Gerais (Fa- 
zenda Montes Claros; Fazenda Esmeralda; Rio 
Doce State Park). Mares et al., 1989:1 1, 12 BRA- 
ZIL: Distrito Federal (15-25 km S of Brasilia); 
Golds (22 km NE of Cristalina); Mato Grosso 
(108-115 kmS of Pocone). 

Gracilinanus agilis: Gardner and Creighton, 1989: 
5 synonyms (heatrix Thomas, muscula Shamel, 
formosa Shamel, chacoensis Tate, buenavistae 
Tate, peruana Tate, unduaviensis Tate, blase ri Mi- 
randa-Ribeiro, rondoni Miranda-Ribeiro). Mares et 
al., 1989:11 BRAZIL: Mato Grosso (Pocone); 
Golds (Cristalina); Distrito Federal (Brasilia; Re- 
serva Ecologica Biologica do Instituto de Geografia 
e Estatistica [IBGE]). Patterson, 1992:7 BOLIV- 
IA: Beni (Reyes, Rio Beni). Hershkovitz, 1992: 53- 
56 COLOMBIA: Choco (Ungufa); PERU: Ama- 
zonas (Bella Vista); BOLIVIA: (Lago Balzon, not 
located); Ouro (Cerro Sajama); Beni (San Joaquin); 
Santa Cruz (Rio Palometillas; Santiago; Puerto 
Suarez); Tarija (Villa Montes; Tablada); BRAZIL: 
Mato Grosso (Pocone); Minas Gerais (Brumado; 
Lagoa Santa); Maranhdo (Cocos; Alto Rio Parna- 
hyba); Golds (Cana Brava; Cristalina); Distrito 
Federal (Fazenda Agua Limpa; Brasilia, Fundacao 
Zoologica Botanica; Parque Nacional de Brasilia 
Brasilia; Reserva Ecologia); Ceard (Ibiapaba; Jua) 
URUGUAY: Rio Negro (Bopicua); PARAGUAY: 
Concepcion (Concepcion); Guaird (Villa Rica; Ita- 
pe Camp); Central (Colonia Nueva Italia); AR- 
GENTINA: Buenos Aires (Ingeniero Juarez [= In- 
geniero Guillermo-N. Juarez, now in Formosa]; 
Isla Roble; Zarate; Campana); Formosa (Pozo del 
Tigre; Estancia Linda Vista [= Riacho Pilaga]); 
Chaco (Las Palmas); Entre Ri'os (Brazo Largo); Mi- 
siones (Puerto Libertad-Iguazu, Rio Urugua-i"). Pat- 
terson, 1992:1 BOLIVIA: Beni (Reyes). Pacheco 
et al., 1993:1 PERU: Madre de Dios (Pakitza). 
Anderson et al., 1993:16 BOLIVIA: Santa Cruz 
(Buena Vista). Gardner, 1993:17 listed. Mares 
and Braun, 2000:32 ARGENTINA: Buenos Aires 
(Campana; Isla Roble, Delta de Parana; Reserva 
Natural Estricta Otamendi; Zarate, Arroyo Nacu- 
rutii); Chaco (Las Palmas; Parque Nacional Cha- 
co); Corrientes (near Laguna Gonzalez, Santa 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



41 




80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 



Fig. 16. Distribution of the genus Gracilinanus: northern coast of Colombia and Venezuela, south to the Delta 
del Rib Parana. 



42 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Gracilinanus aceramarcae 



500 1000 1500 km 




20 



80 70 60" W~~ 4G* 30 

Fig. 17. Distribution of Gracilinanus aceramarcae: known only from Bolivia. = localities given in published records. 



Ana); Entre Rios (Brazo Largo, Delta de Parana); 
Formosa (Ingeniero Juarez; Pozo del Tigre; Riacho 
Pilaga; Estancia Linda Vista); Misiones (Puerto 
Libertad-Iguazu; Rio Urugua-f; Reserva Natural 
Estricta San Antonio). 

Marmosa agilis agilis: Tate, 1933:194 BRAZIL: 
Minas Gerais (Lagoa Santa; Brumado); PARA- 
GUAY: Chaco ("V. Clarrica" [probably Villa Rica 
in Guaird]); Concepcion (Concepcion); Paraguari 
(Sapucay [= SapacafJ); Guaird (Itape). Vieira, 
1955:353 (part) BRAZIL: Minas Gerais (Lagoa 
Santa; Brumado). Avila Pires, 1968:164 BRA- 
ZIL: Goids (Sao Bento). Funayama and Pereira 
Barretto, 1971:263 BRAZIL. 

Marmosa beatrix Thomas, 19 10c:502 BRAZIL: 
Ceard (type locality, Ipu; holotype, female, skin 
and skull, BMNH 11.4.23.24; collected 15 June 
1910 by Emilia Snethlage). Gardner and Creighton, 
1989:5 BRAZIL: Ceard (Ipu). Hershkovitz, 
1992:54 BRAZIL: Ceard (Ipu). 

[Grymaeomys] beatrix: Matschie, 1916:270 classi- 
fication. 

Marmosa agilis beatrix: Tate, 1933:196 BRAZIL: 
Ceard (Ipu; Jua, near Iguatu; Serra Ibiapaba). 

Marmosa marica: Thomas (not Thomas, 1898), 
1927b:608 PERU: Hudnuco (Tingo Maria, 606 
m; male and female of which the male [Coll. Hen- 



dee, no. 1063] became holotype of Marmosa agilis 
peruana Tate, 1 93 1 : 1 1 ). 

Marmosa musculo Shamel, 1930a:83 ARGENTI- 
NA: Formosa (type locality, Riacho Pilaga [= Es- 
tancia Linda Vista], 10 mi NW of km 182; holo- 
type, male, skin and skull, USNM 236330; col- 
lected 9 August 1920 by Alexander Wetmore; 
name preoccupied by Didelphis (Marmosa) mus- 
culo Cabanis, 1848 [= Marmosa murina Linnae- 
us]). 

Marmosa formosa Shamel, 1930b:311 replacement 
name for Marmosa musculo Shamel, preoccupied. 
Tate, 1933:232 type only. 

Marmosa velutina formosa: Cabrera, 1958:33. Olrog, 
1959:409 ARGENTINA: Formosa (Ingeniero 
Juarez [= Ingeniero Guillermo N. Juarez]). 

Marmosa agilis buenavistae Tate, 1931:10 BOLIV- 
IA: Santa Cruz (type locality, Buena Vista; holo- 
type, female, skin and skull, BMNH 26.12.4.91, 
collected 7 March 1916 by J. Steinbach). Tate, 
1933:197 BOLIVIA: Lago Balzon, not located; 
Santa Cruz (Buena Vista; Rio Palometillas; Puerto 
Suarez, Sara Province). Avila Pires, 1968:167 
BRAZIL: Mato Grosso (Salto do Sepotuba). Gard- 
ner and Creighton, 1989:5 BOLIVIA: Santa Cruz 
(Buena Vista). Hershkovitz, 1992:53 BOLIVIA: 
Santa Cruz (Buena Vista). Anderson, 1997:147 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



43 



BOLIVIA: Beni (Pampa de Meio: Rio Baures. 
mouth; San Joaquin: Puerto Caballo: km 35 NW 
Yucumo); Cochabamba (Comarapa. 25 km W); 
Pando (Independencia): Santa Cruz (Estancia Ca- 
chuela Esperanza: Montero, 3 km SE. 1 km N of 
Villa Copacabana: Buena Vista: Rio Palomotitlas. 
Buenavista: Las Lomitas: Ingeniero Moro. 7 km E. 
3 km N; Zanja Honda, 3 km N of Hacienda El 
Peh'cano; Santiago de Chiquitas: Santiago: Puerto 
Suarez). 

Marmosa agilis chacoensis Tate, 1931:10 PARA- 
GUAY: Paraguari (type locality. Sapucay [= Sap- 
ucaf]: holotype. male, skin and skull. BMNH 
4.1.5.48. collected 11 September 1903 by W. Fos- 
ter). ARGENTINA: Chaco (Las Palmas): BOLIV- 
IA: Tarija (Villa Montes. incorrectly cited as from 
Argentina). Tate. 1933:196 PARAGUAY: Para- 
guari (Sapucay [= Sapucaf]): Guaird (Itape Camp. 
near Sapucay [= Sapucaf]): ARGENTINA: Chaco 
(Las Palmas). Massoia and Fornes. 1972:517 AR- 
GENTINA: Buenos Aires; Formosa: Chaco; Mi- 
siones; Entre Rios. Wainberg et al.. 1979:33 AR- 
GENTINA: Entre Rios (Delta del Parana). Gonza- 
lez. 1985:1 URUGUAY: Rio Negro (Rio Uru- 
guay, near Fray Bentos-Puerto Ungue: Bopicua. 
Rio Uruguay: Arroyo Bopicua). Gardner and 
Creighton. 1989:5 PARAGUAY: Paraguari (Sap- 
ucay" [= Sapucaf]). Hershkovitz, 1992:54 PAR- 
AGUAY: Paraguari (Sapucay [= Sapucaf]). Flores 
et al. 2000:322 ARGENTINA: Jujuy (Ingenio La 
Esperanza; Santa Barbara): Salta (Ingenio San 
Martin de Tabacal. Lote "Milagros"); PARA- 
GUAY: Paraguari (Supacay [= Sapucaf]). Ander- 
son, 1997:148 BOLIVIA: Chuquisaca (Rio Li- 
mon); Tarija (Villa Montes, upper Rio Pilcomayo: 
Tablada). 

Marmosa agilis peruana Tate. 1931:11 PERU: 
Hudnuco (type locality. Tingo Maria, 606 m; ho- 
lotype "young adult" male, skin and skull, BMNH 
27.11.1.268: collected 20 January 1927 by R. W. 
Hendee). Tate. 1933:198 PERU: Hudnuco (Tingo 
Maria. Rio Huallaga); Amazonas (Bellavista. Rio 
Marafion valley, 303 m, "probably but not certainly 
distinct"). Gardner and Creighton. 1989:5 PERU: 
Hudnuco (Tingo Maria). Hershkovitz. 1992:53 
PERU: Hudnuco (Tingo Maria). 

Marmosa agilis peruania: Tate, 1933:194 incorrect 
subsequent spelling. 

Marmosa agilia peruania: Cabrera. 1958:28 incor- 
rect subsequent spelling. 

Marmosa unduaviensis Tate. 1931:1 1 BOLIVIA: La 
Paz (type locality, Pitiguaya [= La Florida], Rio 
Unduavi, 5800 ft'[= 1800 m]: holotype male, skin 
and skull. AMNH 72563: collected 12 May 1926 
by G.H.H. Tate). Tate. 1933:201 (skull) BOLIV- 
IA: La Paz (Pitiguaya [= La Florida]). Gardner and 
Creighton. 1989:5 BOLIVIA: La Paz (Pitiguaya 
[= La Florida]. Rio Unduavi. Yungas). Hershko- 
vitz. 1992:53 BOLIVIA: La Paz (Pitiguaya [= La 
Florida]). 

Marmosa agilis unduaviensis; Anderson. 1997:148 
BOLIVIA: Beni (Reyes): La Paz (Pitiguaya [= La 
Florida]): Oruro (Mount Sajama). 

Marmosa blaseri Miranda Ribeiro, 1936:361, 373 
BRAZIL: Goids (type locality. Sao Bento; holotype 
by monotypy. skin and skull. MNRJ 1250. pur- 



chased 1929 from Sr. Jose Blaser). Moojen in Mi- 
randa Ribeiro, 1955:393 listed. Vieira, 1955: 
352 BRAZIL: Goids (Cana Brava, Nova Roma). 
Avila Pires. 1968:164 erroneous attribution of in- 
valid lectotype designation to Moojen in Miranda 
Ribeiro. 1955:393. Gardner and Creighton. 1985: 
5 BRAZIL: Goids (Sao Bento). 

Thylamys rondoni Miranda Ribeiro. 1936:385. 387 
BRAZIL: Mato Grosso (type localities, Sal to de 
Sepotuba and Sao Joao de Serra do Norte: types in 
alcohol, skulls out, MNRJ). 

Marmosa rondoni: Vieira. 1955:352 listed. 



Holotype Young adult, sex undetermined, 
skin mounted, Zoologische Museum, Halle, no. 
147, collected by H. Burmeister. 

Type Locality Rio das Velhas, Lagoa Santa. 
Minas Gerais, BRAZIL. 760 m. 

Distribution (Fig. 18) From the Colombian- 
Panamanian border into Peru. Bolivia. Brazil, Par- 
aguay. Uruguay, northern Argentina, and the Rio 
Parana basin of Argentina. 



Gracilinanus dryas (Thomas, 1898) 

Marmosa drxas Thomas. 1898a:456. Tate. 1933: 
203 VENEZUELA: Merida (Selva Culata. 4000 
m: Montanas Uchisera. 3000 m; Montes de la Si- 
erra [= Sierra Montanas]). Handley. 1976:6 VE- 
NEZUELA: Merida (Tabay); Tdchira (Buena Vis- 
ta); Trujillo (Hacienda Misisf). Handley and Gor- 
don. 1979:67 COLOMBIA: Cundinamarca (Bo- 
queron de San Francisco. Bogota): VENEZUELA: 
Merida (Merida: La Montana; La Mucuy; Tabay; 
Culata; Montes de la Serra [= Sierra Montanas]; 
Uchisera. Cordillera de Merida); Tdchira (Buena 
Vista): Trujillo (Hacienda Misisf). Aagaard. 1982: 
1 VENEZUELA: Merida (Parque Nacional de Si- 
erra Nevada). Perez-Hernandez. 1989:369 VE- 
NEZUELA: Tdchira (Betania. Distrito Junfn); Cer- 
ro Las Copas. La Revancha; Buena Vista. 41 km 
SW of San Cristobal: Trujillo (13-15 km E of Tru- 
jillo): altitudinal range 2210-4000 m. 

[Grymaeomys] dryas: Matschie. 1916:270 listed. 

Gracilinanus drxas: Gardner and Creighton. 1989: 
6 VENEZUELA: Merida (La Culata). Hershko- 
vitz. 1992:52 VENEZUELA: Merida (Uchisera. 
Cordillera de Merida: La Culata; Tabay: La Mucuy; 
Cafetales de Merida: Cafetal de Milla; Montes de 
la Serra [= Sierra Montanas]); Trujillo (Trujillo: 
Misisf): Tdchira (Buena Vista: Betania). Gardner. 
1993:17 listed. 



Holotype Old adult male, skin and skull. 
BMNH 98.5.15.2; collected 14 December 1896 
by Salamon Bricefio. 

Type Locality Culata. Sierra de Merida, Me- 
rida. Venezuela. 4000 m. 

Distribution (Fig. 19) Northern Cordillera 



44 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 




30 20 



Fig. 18. Distribution of Gracilinanus agilis: south from Colombia-Panama border to the Rio Parana basin of 
Argentina. = localities given in published records. 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



45 




Fig. 19. Distribution of Gracilinanus dryas: from Colombia to northwestern Venezuela. = localities given in 
published records. 



Oriental of Colombia north into the Sierra de Me- 
rida of northwestern Venezuela. 



Gracilinanus emiliae (Thomas, 1909) 

[l]Didelphxs pusilla: Thomas (part, not Desmarest. 
1804), "l888b:349 part. BRAZIL: Para (Santa- 
rem). 

Marmosa emiliae Thomas, 1909:379. Tate. 1933: 
189 holotype only. Avila Pires, 1964:8. 11 
BRAZIL: Amazonas (km 50. Manaus-Itacoatiara 
RR). Husson, 1978:23 SURINAME: Marowijne 
(Langamankondre). 

[Marmosa] Emiliae: Cabrera. 1913:14 classifica- 
tion. 

[Grymaeomys] emiliae: Matschie, 1916:270 listed. 

Gracilinanus emiliae: Gardner and Creighton. 1989: 
6. Hershkovitz. 1992:53-54 BRAZIL: Amazonas 
(Igarape Grande. Rio Jurua. W bank; Codajas; km 
50, Manaus-Itacoatiara RR); Ceard (Crato); Para 
(Para [ = Belem]; Santarem). Patterson, 1992:8 
BRAZIL: Amazonas (Codajas; Igarape Grande). 
Gardner. 1993:17 listed. Voss et al.. 2001:25 
BRAZIL: Paid (Belem: Capim); COLOMBIA: 
Meta (Los Micos): FRENCH GUIANA (Paracou); 
GUYANA: Upper Takeiii-Upper Essequibo (Dad- 



anawa); SURINAME: Marowijne (Langamankon- 
dre); VENEZUELA: Monagas (Maturin. 47 km 
SE). 

Marmosa agricolai Moojen. 1943:2 BRAZIL: 
Ceard (type locality. Crato; holotype. male, skin 
and skull. MNRJ no. 1495: collected 26 August 
1936 by A. Leitao de Carvalho). Voss et al., 2001: 
29 possibly a valid species, status of name as a 
synonym uncertain. 

Marmosa microtarsus microtarsus Tate (part, not 
Wagner), 1933:192 BRAZIL: Pard (Santarem); 
comment on BMNH specimen recorded as Didel- 
phys pusilla by Thomas. 

Gracilinanus longicaudus Hershkovitz. 1992:38 
COLOMBIA: Meta (San Juan de Arama). CO- 
LOMBIA: Meta (type locality. Los Micos, San 
Juan de Arama; holotype, adult male, skin and 
skull, FMNH 87924: collected 29 April 1957 by 
Kjell von Sneidern). 

Marmosa lepida: Hershkovitz (not Thomas, 1888). 
1992:54 BRAZIL: Amazonas (Codajas. Igarape 
Grande). Patterson, 1992:8 BRAZIL: Amazonas 
(Codajas. Rio Solimoes; Igarape Grande, upper Rio 
Jurua). 

Holotype Subadult male, skin and skull. 
BMNH 9.3.9.10; collected 13 February 1909 by 
Emilia Snethlage. 



46 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 




Fig. 20. Distribution of Gracilinanus emiliae: Colombia, Venezuela, the Guianas, and eastern Brazil. = localities 
given in published records. 



Type Locality "Para (Belem)," BRAZIL. 
Distribution (Fig. 20) Colombia, northeast- 
ern Venezuela, the Guianas, and northern Brazil. 



Gracilinanus marica (Thomas, 1898) 

M[armosa]. pusilla: Thomas (not Desmarest, 1804), 
1896:314 VENEZUELA: Merida (Sierra de Me- 
rida). 

Mannosa pusilla: Elliot (not Desmarest, 1804), 1907: 
4 VENEZUELA. 

Marmosa marica Thomas, 1898a:455. Elliot, 1907: 
4 VENEZUELA. Tate, 1933:200 VENEZUE- 
LA: Merida (Rfo Albarregas; Cafetal de Milla; Lla- 
no de Merida; Cafetal de Merida [= Cafetales de 
Merida]; La Pedregosa); Sucre-Monagas (Cerro 
Turumiquire). Handley, 1976:7 VENEZUELA: 
Distrito Federal (Los Venados; Pico Avila); Falcon 
(Urama); Monagas (Hato Mata de Bejuco). Hand- 
ley and Gordon, 1979:68 (part) COLOMBIA: 
Cundinamarca (La Selva); La Guajira (Marimonda 
[= Las Marimondas]); VENEZUELA: Distrito 
Federal (Los Venados: Pico Avila); Falcon (Ura- 
ma); Sucre-Monagas (Cerro Turumiquire); Mona- 
gas (Hato Mata de Bejuco); Merida (Cafetal de 
Chama; Cafetal de Merida [= Cafetales de Meri- 



da]; Llano de Merida; Cafetal de Milla; Merida; 
Rio Albarregas; La Pedregosa). Perez-Hernandez, 
1989:369 VENEZUELA: Distrito Federal (EI 
Junquito; Carretera El Junquito; Carretera Caracas, 
La Colonia Tovar, km 40; Sabaneta; Carretera El 
Limon; El Encantado, Hacienda El Limon; Suapo, 
Hacienda El Limon, La Conchita, Hacienda El Li- 
mon; Zona Quacatal, Hacienda El Limon; Aragua 
(Estacion Biologica de Rancho Grande, Rancho 
Grande; La Quinta, Rancho Grande; Palo de Vaca, 
Rancho Grande; Pica Periquito, El Portachuelo, 
Rancho Grande; Don Ramon, Rancho Grande; Pan- 
toja, Carretera Maracay Ocumare; Guacamaya, 
Rancho Grande; Guamitas, Rancho Grande). 

[Grymaeomys] marica: Matschie, 1916:270 VE- 
NEZUELA: Merida (Rio Albarragas). 

Gracilinanus marica: Gardner and Creighton, 1989: 
6 VENEZUELA: Merida (Rfo Albarregas). 
Hershkovitz, 1992:51-52 COLOMBIA: Cundi- 
namarca (La Selva); La Guajira (Marimonda [= 
Las Marimondas]); VENEZUELA: Merida (Llano 
de Merida; Pedregosa; Cafetos de Merida [= Caf- 
etales de Merida]; Merida; Rfo Albarregas; Cafetal 
de Milla); Falcon (Urama); Aragua (Rancho 
Grande [= Estacion Biologica de Rancho Grande]); 
Distrito Federal (Los Venados; Pico Avila; Haci- 
enda El Limon; El Junquito); Sucre-Monagas (Cer- 
ro Turumiquire); Monagas (Hato Mata de Bejuco). 
Gardner, 1993:17 listed. 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



47 




Fig. 2 1 . Distribution of Gracilinanus marica: Colombia and northern Venezuela. = localities given in published 
records. 



Holotype Young adult male, skin and skull. 
BMNH 98.5.15.1; collected 24 January 1897 by 
Salamon Briceno. 

Type Locality Rio Albarregas. Merida. Ve- 
nezuela, 1630 m. 

Distribution (Fig. 21) Northern Venezuela 
and northern Colombia. 



Gracilinanus microtarsus (Wagner, 1842) 

Didelphys microtarsus Wagner. 1842:359. Wagner. 
1843:43. Wagner. 1850:147 BRAZIL: Sao Paulo 
(type locality. Ipanema [= Ypanema]). Pelzeln. 
1883:1 14 part. BRAZIL: Sao Paulo (Ipanema [ = 
Ypanema]). 

Grymaeomxs microtarsus: Winge. 1893:24 BRA- 
ZIL. 

[Didelphys (Marmosa)} microtarsus: Trouessart. 
1898:1239 as a synonym of Marmosa murina. 

Marmosa microtarsus: Thomas. 1900a:549 BRA- 
ZIL: Parana (Palmeira). Miranda Ribeiro, 1935: 
38 BRAZIL.: Rio de Janeiro (Teresopolis). Davis. 
1947:3 BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro (Teresopolis). 
Wainberg et al.. 1979:33 BRAZIL. Fonseca and 
Kierulff. 1988:108. 116 BRAZIL: Minas Gerais 



(Parque Estadual do Rio Doce). Stallings. 1988: 
159 BRAZIL: Minas Gerais (Parque Estadual do 
Rio Doce). De Azevedo et al., 1982:93 BRAZIL: 
Santa Catarina (Seminario Cora^ao de Jesus. Co- 
rupa: Blumenau). 

Gracilinanus microtarsus: Gardner and Creighton. 
1989:6. Gardner and Creighton. 1989:4 BRAZIL: 
Sao Paulo (Ipanema [= Ypanema]). Hershkovitz. 
1992:54-55 BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro (Porto 
Real; Teresopolis: Rio de Janeiro; Ilha Grande): 
Sao Paulo (Ituverava: Franca; Jabuticabal; Piraci- 
caba; Perus; Ipanema [= Bacaetava = Ypanema]; 
Sao Sebastiao; Ilha da Vitoria: Primeiro Morro: 
Boa Vista. Rio Ipiranga); Parana (Palmeira): Santa 
Catarina (Joinville [= Join vile]; Humboldt; Rio 
Itapocu: Blumenau: Ararangua): Rio Grande do Sul 
(Taquara: Sao Lourenco). Gardner. 1993:17 list- 
ed. 

Marmosa microtarsus microtarsus: Tate, 1933:190 
BRAZIL: Sao Paulo (Sao Paulo: Ipanema [= Ypa- 
nema]); Rio de Janeiro (Porto Real: Rio de Janei- 
ro): Parana (Palmeira): Santa Catarina (Joinville 
[= Joinvile], near Rio Itapocu: Blumenau: Arar- 
angua). Vieira. 1949(1950):352 BRAZIL: Sao 
Paulo (Piracicaba: Perus: Ipanema; Ituverava); Rio 
de Janeiro (Ilha Grande). Vieira. 1955:350 BRA- 
ZIL: Sao Paulo (Ituverava. Piracicaba; Perus. Ipi- 
ranga); Rio de Janeiro (Ilha Grande; Teresopolis); 



48 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Parana (Palmeira); Santa Catarina (Ararangua; 
Blumenau; Joinville [= Joinvile]). Avila Pires, 
1968:165 BRAZIL: Santa Catarina (Humboldt). 
Funayama and Pereira Barretto, 1971:263 BRA- 
ZIL: Sao Paulo (Franca). 

Grymaeomys agilis: Hensel (not Burmeister, 1854), 
1872:123 BRAZIL: Rio Grande do Sul (Island in 
Rio Guahyba [= Una Guaiba], near Porto Alegre). 

Marmosa agilis: Davis (not Burmeister), 1945:119 
BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro (Fazenda Boa Fe, Tere- 
sopolis). Da Fonseca and Kierulff, 1988:108, 112, 
128, 137 BRAZIL: Minas Gerais (Parque Estad- 
ual do Rio Doce). 

Marmosa agilis agilis: Vieira (part, not Burmeister), 
1949(1950):351 BRAZIL: Sao Paulo (Jabutica- 
bal; Ilha Victoria [= Ilha da Vitoria]). Vieira, 1955: 
353 BRAZIL: Sao Paulo (Jabuticabal; Ilha Vic- 
toria [= Ilha da Vitoria]; Ilha de Sao Sebastiao). 

Didelphvs pusilla: Thomas (part, not Desmarest, 
1804), 1888b:348 part, not synonymy; BRAZIL: 
Rio de Janeiro; Santa Catarina; Rio Grande do Sul 
(Taquara; Sao Lourenco). 

M[armosa] pusilla: Thomas (not Desmarest, 1804), 
1900a:549 BRAZIL: Parana (Palmeira). 

[^Marmosa pusilla Shufelt (not Desmarest, 1804), 
1926:563, 574 BRAZIL: Rio Grande do Sul (Sao 
Lourenco). 

Micoureus pusillus: Goeldi (not Desmarest, 1804), 
1894:462 incorrect subsequent spelling BRA- 
ZIL: Rio de Janeiro (Serra dos Orgaos). Ihering, 
1894:1 1 BRAZIL: Sao Paulo. 

[?\Marmosa herhardti Miranda Ribeiro, 1936:361, 
382 BRAZIL: Santa Catarina (type locality, 
Humboldt; holotype, skin [skull?] in MNRJ, pur- 
chased from W. Erhardt). Avila Pires, 1968:165 
BRAZIL: Santa Catarina (type locality Humboldt; 
holotype, adult female, skin and skull [MNRJ no. 
1226] collected 23 December 1915). Gardner and 
Creighton, 1989:6 BRAZIL: Santa Catarina 
(Humboldt). 

Marmosa microtarsus guahybae Tate, 1931:10 
BRAZIL: Rio Grande do Sul (type locality, Ilha de 
Guahyba [= Ilha Guaiba], near Porto Alegre, ZMB 
4306; collected by Reinhold Hensel). Tate, 1933: 
192 BRAZIL: Rio Grande do Sul (Ilha Guahyba 
[= Ilha Guaiba]; Taquara; Sao Lourenco). Gardner 
and Creighton, 1989:6 BRAZIL: Rio Grande do 
Sul (Isla Guahyba [= Ilha Guaiba]). Avila Pires, 
1994:369 BRAZIL: Rio Grande do Sul (Ilha do 
Guahyba [= Ilha Guaiba]). 

Type Series Eight specimens in Vienna Mu- 
seum; collected January, March, June, and Octo- 
ber between 1819 and 1821 by Johann Natterer 
(cf. Pelzeln, 1883, p. 114). Tate (1933, table 1, p. 
191) designated the adult male "Vienna 48A" as 
"type," i.e., lectotype. 

Type Locality Ypanema [= Ipanema], be- 
tween Sao Paulo and Sorocaba, Sao Paulo, Brazil. 

Distribution (Fig. 22) Atlantic coastal forests 
from Minas Gerais to Rio Grande do Sul in south- 
eastern Brazil. 



Gracilinanus perijae Hershkovitz, 1992 

Marmosa marica: Handley and Gordon (part, not 
Thomas, 1898), 1979:68 COLOMBIA: La Gua- 
jira (Marimonda [= Las Marimondas], Serrania de 
Perija). 

Gracilinanus perijae Hershkovitz, 1992:41 CO- 
LOMBIA: La Guajira (Las Marimondas). 

Holotype Adult male, skin and skull, USNM 
no. 280881; collected 10 March 1943 by Philip 
Hershkovitz, original no. 1826. 

Type Locality Las Marimondas, the site of a 
former coffee plantation, western slope Serrania 
de Perija, Cordillera Oriental de los Andes, north 
of and above Fonseca at the time in the Depart- 
ment of Magdalena, now incorporated into the 
Department of La Guajira, 1450 m, Colombia. 

Distribution (Fig. 23) Known only from type 
locality on western slope Serrania de Perija, La 
Guajira, Colombia. 



Genus Hyladelphys Voss, 2001 
Hyladelphys kalinowskii (Hershkovitz, 1992) 

Gracilinanus kalinowskii Hershkovitz, 1992:37 
PERU: Junin (Chanchamayo); Cusco (Hacienda 
Cadena). 

Hyladelphys kalinowskii: Voss et al., 2001:32 
FRENCH GUIANA (Paracou); GUYANA: East 
Berbice-Corentyne (New River Falls); Peru: Cusco 
(Hacienda Cadena); PERU: Junin (Chanchamayo); 
Loreto (Nuevo San Juan on Rio Galvez). 

Holotype Adult female, skin and skull, 
FMNH 89991; collected 3 July 1958 by Celestino 
Kalinowski; original no. 457. 

Type Locality Hacienda Cadena, Marcapata, 
Cusco, Peru, 890 m. 

Distribution (Fig. 24) Known only from for- 
ested slopes of southeastern Peru in the Depart- 
ment of Junin into that of Cusco, eastern Guyana 
and northern French Guiana. 



Genus Lestodelphys Tate, 1934 

Notodelphys Thomas, 192 lb: 137 type species, No- 
todelphys halli Thomas, 1921b, by original desig- 
nation; generic name preoccupied by Notodelphys 
Allman, 1847, a genus of copepod, and Notodel- 
phys Lichtenstein and Weinland, 1854, a batrachi- 
an. Gardner, 1993:17 listed. 

Lestodelphys Tate, 1934:154 replacement for Noto- 
delphys Thomas, preoccupied. Gardner, 1993:17 
listed. 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



49 




40 



Fig. 22. Distribution of Gracilinanus microtarsus: coastal forests of southeastern Brazil. = localities given in 
published records. 



Notodelphis Cabrera, 1958:11 incorrect subsequent 
spelling of Notodelphys Thomas, 1921b. 

Lestodelphis Cabrera, 1958:11 incorrect subsequent 
spelling of Lestodelphys Tate, 1937. 

Type Species Notodelphys halli Thomas, 
1921b. 

Distribution Western and southern Argenti- 
na. 



Lestodelphys halli (Thomas, 1921) 

Notodelphys halli Thomas, 192 lb: 137. Thomas, 
1929:45 ARGENTINA: Chubut (Pico Salaman- 
ca, 100); Santa Cruz (type locality, Estancia Mach- 
ijada [= Estancia La Machijada], near Puerto De- 
seado). Reig. 1959:57 ARGENTINA: Chubut 
(Estancia Los Manantiales, Languineo; Valle de 
Rio Chico; Sarmiento. Crespo, 1974:5 ARGEN- 
TINA: Chubut (Pico Salamanca). Gardner, 1993: 
17 listed. 

Lestodelphys halli: Tate. 1934:154 type species. 
Reig, 1959:58 ARGENTINA: Chubut (Estancia 
Los Manantiales, Languineo). Birney et al., 1996: 
150 ARGENTINA: Chubut (Pampa de Agnia, 30 



km NW). Mares and Braun, 2000:33 ARGEN- 
TINA: Chubut (Estancia Los Manantiales near 
Languineo; Pampa de Agnia, 30 km NW; Pico Sal- 
amanca); La Pampa (Lihue Calel; Parque Nacional 
Lihue Calel); Mendoza (Chacras de Coria); Neu- 
quen (Estancia Tehuel Malal); Rio Negro (Cerro 
Leones; Clemente Onelli; Comallo, 8-10 km 
WSW; Los Menucos, 15 km SE); Santa Cruz 
(Cabo Tres Puntas; Estancia La Madrugada; Meseta 
El Pedrero). 

Holotype Male, skin and skull, BMNH 
21.6.7.19; collected by T. H. Hall. 

Type Locality Originally stated to be Cabo 
Tres Puntas, SE Patagonia, 42S, Santa Cruz, but 
later (Thomas, 1929:45) emended to Estancia La 
Madrugada, not far from Puerto Deseado, Santa 
Cruz, Argentina. 

Distribution (Fig. 25) Argentina from Men- 
doza south to Santa Cruz. 



Genus Lutreolina Thomas, 1910 

Sarigua Muirhead, 1819:429 part, S. crassicaudata 
listed among included species. 



50 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Gracilinanus perijae 




1500 km 



30 

Fig. 23. Distribution of Gracilinanus perijae: known only from type locality in northeastern Colombia. = 
localities given in published records. 



Lutreolina Thomas, 1910a:247 included species: 
crassicaudata Desmarest. Cabrera, 1919:44 -char- 
acters; synonymy. Thomas, 1923b:583 review. 
Miranda Ribeiro, 1936:396 characters. Krumbie- 
gel, 194 lb: 189 taxonomic review. Reig, 1958: 
261 comparisons. Ximenez, 1967:1 review. 
Gardner, 1993:18 listed, synonymy. 

Peramys: Matschie (not Lesson), 1916:259, 266, 
269 subgenus of Didelphis Linnaeus; included 
species crassicaudata Desmarest ("Typus") and 
turneri Gunther. 

Type Species by Monotypy Didelphis cras- 
sicaudata Desmarest. 

Distribution Southern Brazil, eastern Boliv- 
ia, Uruguay, Paraguay, northern Argentina, Guy- 
ana, Venezuela, and eastern Colombia. 

Remarks The disjunct distribution of Lutreo- 
lina in Colombia, Venezuela, and northern Guy- 
ana, and Bolivia, southeastern Brazil, Paraguay, 
Uruguay, and northern Argentina, is unique. 



Lutreolina crassicaudata (Desmarest, 1804) 

Micoure troisieme ou micoure a queue grosse Azara, 
1801:284. 



Coligrueso Azara, 1802:229. 

Didelphis crassicaudata Desmarest, 1804:19. Ren- 
nger, 1830:226 PARAGUAY. Waterhouse, 1839: 
94 URUGUAY: Maldonado (Maldonado). Gard- 
ner, 1993:18 listed. 

Sarigua crassicaudata: Muirhead, 1819:429 new 
combination. 

D[idelphis]. Crassicaudata: Fischer, 1829:267. 

Didelphys crassicaudata: Waterhouse, 1841:100 
PARAGUAY; URUGUAY; ARGENTINA: Buenos 
Aires. Waterhouse, 1 846:497 URUGUAY; BRA- 
ZIL mustelina E. Geoffroy a synonym. Thomas, 
1888b:334 GUYANA: West PomeroonSupe- 
naam Coast (Better Hope); turneri Gunther, in syn- 
onymy; BRAZIL: Rio Grande do Sul (San Louren- 
50 do Sul [= Sao Lourenco do Sul]); URUGUAY: 
Maldonado (Maldonado); ARGENTINA: Buenos 
Aires (La Plata; Belgrano; Mariano Moreno). 
Winge, 1893:7 BRAZIL: Minus Gerais (Lagoa 
Santa, Recent and Pleistocene). Figueira, 1894:8 
URUGUAY. Aplin, 1894:315 URUGUAY. 

D[idelphvs] crassicaudata: Cabanis and Schomburgk, 
1848:777 GUYANA. 

Peramys crassicaudata: Lesson, 1842:187 classifi- 
cation. Matschie, 1916:269 classification. 

[Cuica] crassicaudata: Liais, 1872:330 BRAZIL. 

Lutreolina crassicaudata: Thomas, 1910a:247 AR- 
GENTINA: Buenos Aires (Los Ingleses). Thomas, 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



51 



Hyladelphys kalinowski 



500 1000 150:k~: 




Fig. 24. Distribution of Hyladelphys kalinowskii: Peru. Guyana, and French Guiana. 
published records. 



30* 
localities given in 



191 7a: 100 ARGENTINA: Buenos Aires (Isla 
Ella, Parana delta). Thomas. 1923b:583 ARGEN- 
TINA: Cordoba (Noetinger). Devincenzi. 1935: 
88 distribution. BertonC 1939:6 PARAGUAY. 
Krumbiegel. 194 lb: 190 ARGENTINA: Formosa 
(San Jose); PARAGUAY: Caaguazii (Cerro Pila- 
do): BRAZIL: Mato Grosso do Sul (Rio Ivinhei- 
ma). Kuhlhorn, 1955:163 BRAZIL: Mato Gros- 
so. Reig. 1964:207 ARGENTINA: Buenos Aires 
(Arroyo Corrientes; Arroyo Brusquitas. General 
Pueyrredon; Mar del Sur). Avila Pires. 1968:168 
BRAZIL: Sao Paulo (Guariba). Ayala et al., 1973: 
374 COLOMBIA: Arauca (Puerto Gaitan). Ol- 
rog. 1976:6 ARGENTINA: Jujuy (Abra de Ca- 
nos: Cerro [= Sierra] Santa Barbara): Tucumdn 
(Raco). Handley. 1976:8 VENEZUELA: Bolivar 
(Hato San Jose). Reig et al.. 1977:212 ARGEN- 
TINA: Buenos Aires (Banado de San Jorge, Parque 
Pereyra lraola). Avila Pires. 1977:7 BRAZIL: Rio 
de Janeiro (Pico das Agulhas Negras. Maromba). 
Marshall. 1978:2 ARGENTINA: Buenos Aires 
(Chapadamal Formation, not located: Monte Her- 
moso Formation, not located: Rio Lujan); Cata- 
marca (Corral Quemado Formation). Olros. 1979: 
10 ARGENTINA: Jujuy (Calilegua Mountain [ = 
Serrania de Calilegua]). Mares et al.. 1981:166 
ARGENTINA: Salta (Agua Blanca: Oran). Crespo. 
1982:1 ARGENTINA: Entre Rios (Parque Na- 



cional El Palmar). Cajal. 1981:27 ARGENTINA: 
Tucumdn (Aguas Chiquitas). De Azevedo et al., 
1982:94 BRAZIL: Santa Catarina (Armacao do 
Sul: Botuvera). Lemke, 1982:226 COLOMBIA: 
Meta (Villavicencio): Vichada (Cano Avispa). Se- 
luja. 1984:702 URUGUAY: Rocha (Pinamar. not 
located): Canelones (Banado de Carrasco: Las Pie- 
dras); Rocha (La Tuna): Rio Negro (Rio Negro): 
Maldonado (Piriapolis). Crespo Diaz et al.. 1986: 
472 COLOMBIA: Meta (Sabanas de Vichada y 
Meta. not located). Avila Pires. 1987:123 BRA- 
ZIL: Rio Grande do Sul (Sao Lourenco [= Sao 
Lourenco do Sul]). Boker Bentti. 1988:111 VE- 
NEZUELA: Bolivar (Hato San Jose: San Ignacio 
de Yuruanf): Anzoategui (Paso Bajito); COLOM- 
BIA: Meta (Villavicencio); Vichada (Cano Avispa; 
Comisaria del Vichada): Arauca (Puerto Gaitan); 
ARGENTINA: Salta (Agua Blanca). Perez-Her- 
nandez. 1989:374 VENEZUELA. Anzoategui 
(Paso Bajito); Bolivar (San Ignacio de Yuruanf): 
Monagas (Maturin): GUYANA: West Pomeroon- 
Supinaam Coast (Better Hope) (the name Lutreo- 
Hna crassicaudata turneri used). Heinonen and 
Bosso. 1994:55 ARGENTINA: Jujuy (Parque 
Nacional Calilegua. Caimancito). Mares et al.. 
1996:105 ARGENTINA: Tucumdn (Aconquija: 
El Cadillal. Aguas Chiquitas. Sierras de Medina; 
Piedras Coloradas; Quebrada de Lules; Raco; Cerro 



52 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



20 



30 



40 



50 



! \ 


^ 




h(\ 







Lestodelphys halli 



500 



1000 



1500 km 



90 



80 u 



70 



60 D 



50" 



40 



30 



20" 



Fig. 25. Distribution of Lestodelphys halli: confined to western and southern Argentina. 
published records. 



10 

localities given in 



[= Sierra] San Javier; San Miguel de Tucuman, 25 
km NW; San Pablo; El Indio, Ruta 307. Capllonch 
et al., 1997:53 ARGENTINA: Tucuman (Parque 
Biological Sierra de San Javier). Morando and Po- 
lop, 1997:31 ARGENTINA: Cordova. Mares and 
Braun, 2000:33 ARGENTINA: Buenos Aires 
(Arroyo Brusquitas; Arroyo Corrientes; Arroyo La 
Matanza, not located; Bafiado de San Jorge, Parque 
Pereyra Iraola, delta de Parana; Los Yngleses; Mar 
del Sur; Miramar; Reserva Natural Estricta Ota- 
mendi); Chaco (Parque Nacional Chaco); Corri- 
entes (Centra Argentino de Primates, SE Corrien- 
tes, not located; Estancia Ita Caabo, Mercedes; 
Parque Nacional Mburucuya); Formosa (El Colo- 
rado; Laguna Blanca; Parque Nacional Rio Pilco- 
mayo); Jujuy (Abra de Canas; Cerro Calilegua; 
Cerro Santa Barbara; Parque Nacional Calilegua); 
Misiones (Parque Nacional Iguazu); Salta (Aguas 
Blancas, 24 km NW; Parque Nacional El Rey; Alto 
Rio Bermejo); Santa Fe (Malabrigo); Tucuman 
(Aconquija; Sierras de Medina; Aguas Chiquitas; 
El Cadillal; Piedras Coloradas; Quebrada de Lules; 
Raco, Sierra San Javier; San Miguel de Tucuman, 
25 km NW; San Pablo; Aguas Chiquitas; Cerro San 
Javier; El Indio, Ruta 307; Horco Molle; Raco; Tafi 
Viejo). 
L[utreolina] c\rassicaudata\. Thomas, 1923b:583, 



584 PARAGUAY: Central (Asuncion); Presiden- 
te Hayes (Chaco). 

[Lutreolina] crassicaudata: Krumbiegel, 1941b: 
190 PARAGUAY: San Pedro (Estancia La Ger- 
mania); Central (Rib Pilcomayo, boca); Caaguazii 
(Cerro Pilado); ARGENTINA: Santa Fe (Galvez); 
BRAZIL: Mato Grosso do Sul (Rio Ivinheima); 
BOLIVIA: Santa Cruz (San Jose). 

Micoureus crassicaudatus: Gervais, 1855:287. 

Didelphys crassicaudatus: Burmeister, 1856:88 
mustelinus Geoffroy manuscript name in synony- 
my. Burmeister, 1879:190 distribution. 

[Didelphis (Metachirus)] crassicaudatus: Hensel, 
1872:121 BRAZIL: Rio Grande do Sul. Ihering, 
1892:100 BRAZIL: Rio Grande do Sul. Bertoni, 
1923:51 PARAGUAY: Central (Bahia de Asun- 
cion). Krieg, 1924:637 ARGENTINA: Santa Fe. 

Didelphis crassicaudis: Illiger, 1815, 1804-1811: 
107 incorrect subsequent spelling of crassicau- 
data. 

Lutreolina crassicaudus: Hildebrand, 1961:244- 
249 incorrect subsequent spelling. Olfers, 1818: 
206. 

Lutreolina crassicaudata crassicaudata: Miranda Ri- 
beiro, 1936:400 PARAGUAY: Presidente Hayes 
(Chaco [= Gran Chaco]). Vieira, 1949:355 BRA- 
ZIL: Sao Paulo; travassosi Miranda Ribeiro in syn- 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



53 



onymy. Vieira. 1955:348 BRAZIL: Sao Paulo 
(Ituverava; Franca; Ribeirao Preto; Ribeirao Boni- 
to; Bauni); Rio de Janeiro (Angra dos Reis). Kan- 
tis, 1963:54 ARGENTINA: Chaco (Rio de Oro). 
Anderson, 1997:149 BOLIVIA: Beni (San Joa- 
quin: San Pedro, 10 km W; San Javier, 23 km W); 
tarija (Cuyambuyo). 

Didelphis macroura Desmoulins, 1824:492 name 
based on the micoure a queue grosse of Azara. 

Didelphis mustelina Waterhouse. 1846:497-499 no- 
men nudum; name attributed to E. Geoffroy, re- 
portedly based on specimen in the "Paris Muse- 
um"; cited as a synonym of Didelphis crassicau- 
data. 

Didelphxs Turned Gunther. 1879:108. Gardner, 1993: 
18 listed. 

[Peramys] turneri: Matschie, 1916:269. 

L[utreolina] c[rassicaudata] turneri: Thomas, 1923b: 
583, 584 GUYANA: Demerara (type locality. 
Better Hope [now in West Pomeroon-Supenaam 
Coast]: holotype. male, skin and skull. BMNH 
79.5.1.3; collected by W. Y. Turner). 

D[idelphis] Ferruginea Larrahaga, 1923:346 name 
based on the coligrueso of Azara. Gardner, 1993: 
18 listed. 

L[utreolina] c[rassicaudata] paranalis Thomas, 1923b: 
584 ARGENTINA: Santa Fe (type locality, Las 
Rosas; holotype, female, skin and skull. BMNH 
17.5.2.22; collected 6 November 1916 by Robin 
Kemp); Corrientes (Goya): Buenos Aires (Isla Ella. 
Parana Delta); URUGUAY: Montevideo (Colon; 
Montevideo). Ximenez. 1967:2 URUGUAY: Ca- 
nelones (Banada Tropa Vieja; Carrasco; Arroyo Las 
Brujas); Rocha (Camino del Indio); Artigas (San 
Gregorio); Montevideo (Cerro; Parque Lecoq): 
BRAZIL: Rio Grande do Sul (San Lorenzo [= Sao 
Lourenco do Sul]); Sao Paulo (Ribeirao Preto; Ri- 
beirao Bonito: Pirassununga; Franca); Mato Grosso 
(Maracajii [now in Mato Grosso do Sul]): ARGEN- 
TINA: Buenos Aires (Quiroga; Gonzalez Catan; Ar- 
royo Pereyra; Mar del Sur, Miramar; Rio Pasaje Ta- 
lavera; Zdrate; Punta Lara; Hurlingham); lutrilla a 
synonym. Gardner, 1993:18 listed. 

Lutreolina crassicaudata paranalis: Sanborn. 1929: 
151 URUGUAY: Colonia (Colonia Suiza). De- 
vincenzi. 1935:90 URUGUAY. Yepes. 1945:60 
ARGENTINA: Santa Fe (Malabrigo). Cabrera. 
1958:40. Massoia and Fornes. 1964:29 ARGEN- 
TINA: Buenos Aires (delta del Parana). Fornes and 
Massoia, 1965:102 ARGENTINA: Buenos Aires 
(Miramar). 

[Lutreolina crassicaudata] paranalis: Krumbiegel. 
1941b: 192 ARGENTINA: Santa Fe (Galvez). 

L[utreolina] c[rassicaudata] lutrilla Thomas, 1923b: 
585 BRAZIL: Rio Grande do Sul (type locality, 
Sao Lourenco do Sul; holotype, male, skin and 
skull, BMNH 85.6.26.26; collected by H. von Iher- 
ing); URUGUAY: Maldonado (Maldonado). San- 
born. 1929:151 URUGUAY: Lavalleja (Arroyo 
Polanco, Minas). Gardner, 1993:18 listed. 

Lutreolina crassicaudata lutrilla: Cabrera, 1958:39. 
Avila Pires, 1994:370 BRAZIL: Rio Grande do 
Sul (Sao Lourenco do Sul). 

L[utreolina] c[rassicaudatus] bonaria Thomas, 
1923b:585 ARGENTINA: Buenos Aires (type lo- 
cality, Los Ingleses, Ajo; holotype, male, skin and 



skull, BMNH 20.2.7.44; collected 20 July 1919 by 
H. E. Box); range from Belgrano to Cape San An- 
tonio. 

Lutreolina crassicaudata bonaria: Miranda Ribeiro, 
1936:401. 

Lutreolina c[rassicuadata] travossosi Miranda Ribei- 
ro, 1936:402 BRAZIL: Sao Paulo (Guariba, E of 
Sao Paulo); (holotype, skin and skull, MNRJ, pre- 
sented by Dr. Lauro Travassos). Gardner, 1993: 
18 listed. 

Holotype None in existence; name based 
solely on the micoure a queue grosse of Azara. 

Type Locality Paraguay; restricted to Asun- 
cion by Cabrera (1958, Rev. Mus. Argentino 
Cienc. Nat. "Bernardino Rivadavia," 4:39). 

Distribution (Fig. 26) Two populations in 
South America: one in eastern Colombia, Vene- 
zuela, and western Guyana, the other in southern 
Brazil from Rio de Janeiro south into Rio Grande 
do Sul, west into southern Mato Grosso through 
Uruguay, Paraguay, eastern Bolivia, and northern 
Argentina. 

Additional Records VENEZUELA: Boli- 
var; La Paragua, 20 km W (Smithsonian Expe- 
dition, 1967, USNM); PARAGUAY: Central; 
Luque (Myers, 1976, UMMZ); Colonia Nueva 
Italia (Willem, 1944, FMNH); Presidente Hayes; 
Rio Aguaray-Guazu (Creighton, 1979, UMMZ); 
Caaguazii; Estancia San Ignacio, 24 km NNW of 
Carayao (Dobson, 1979, UMMZ); Conception; 
Concepcion (Creighton, 1979, UMMZ); Canen- 
diyu; Curuguaty (Creighton, 1978, UMMZ; Dob- 
son, 1979, UMMZ; Myers, 1976, UMMZ); La 
Cordillera; Tobati (Creighton, 1979, UMMZ; 
Myers, 1978, UMMZ; Voss, 1978, UMMZ); Par- 
aguari; Parque Nacional Ybycuf (Myers, 1979, 
UMMZ); Neembucu; Pilar (Creighton, 1979, 
UMMZ); Misiones; Ayolas (Creighton, 1979, 
UMMZ); URUGUAY: Lavalleja; Polanco, Minas 
(Sanborn, 1926, FMNH); ARGENTINA: Chaco; 
Palm Swamp, 12 km ESE of Resistencia (Sage, 
1982, MVZ); Santa Fe; Santa Fe (Nachman, 
1989. UMMZ); Buenos Aires; Buenos Aires Zoo- 
logical Gardens (Onelli, 1909, USNM); Urdam- 
pilleta [= La Torrecita] (Osgood, 1923, FMNH); 
Corrientes; Corrientes, left bank Rio Parana 
(Thorington, 1978, USNM); Entre Rios; Las Cue- 
vas (Nachman, 1989, UMMZ); Misiones; Santa 
Teresa, 30 km W of San Ignacio (Kuns, 1965, 
USNM). 



Genus Marmosa Gray, 1821 

Opossum Schmid, 1818:115 included species O. 
marsupialis, O. virginianus, O. murinus. 



54 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 




Fig. 26. Distribution of disjunct populations of Lutreolina crassicaudata in South America: one population in 
Colombia, Venezuela, and Guyana, the other from Bolivia south into Argentina and east into Paraguay, Uruguay, and 
southern Brazil, o = localities from unpublished records; - localities given in published records. 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



55 




110 



100 



Fig. 27. Distribution of the genus Marmoset in Central America: Mexico south to Panama. See Figure 28 for 
distribution in South America. 



Sahgua, Muirhead. 1819:429 part. S. murina listed 
among included species. 

Marmosa Gray, 1821:308. Thomas. 1895a: 190 no- 
menclature; Micoureus Lesson and Asagis Gloger 
listed as synonyms. Matschie, 1916:260 taxono- 
my. Tate, 1933:20 taxonomic revision. Gardner, 
1993:18 listed. 

Grymaeomys Burmeister, 1854:viii, 138 subgenus of 
Didelphys; included species, murina, agilis, pusil- 
la, tristriata [= Monodelphis americana Midler] , 
brachyura [ Monodelphis brevicaudata Erxle- 
ben], velutina. Burmeister, 1856:77 taxonomy. 
Thomas, 1888b:340 type species Didelphis mu- 
rina Linnaeus by subsequent designation. Mat- 
schie, 1916:260 designation of pusilla Desmarest 
as type species (p. 270) invalid. Gardner, 1993: 
18 listed. 

Cuica Liais, 1872:329 included species, myosuros 
[= Metachirus myosuros Temminck], murina, pus- 
illa, cineria, lanigera [= Philander lanata Olfers], 
crassicaudata [= Lutreolina crassicaudata Des- 
marest], tricolor [= Monodelphis touan Shaw], 
tristriata [= Monodelphis americana Midler]. 
Hershkovitz, 1949:12 type species. Cuica murina 
Liais [= Didelphis murina Linnaeus]. Gardner, 
1993:18 listed. 

Quica Cabrera, 1958:12 Incorrect subsequent spell- 
ing of Cuica Liais, 1 872, in synonymy of Marmosa 
Gray. 

Asagis Gloger, 1842:82 type species Didelphis mu- 
rina Linnaeus by subsequent designation (Thomas, 
1888b:340). Gardner, 1993:18 listed. 



Notagogus Gloger, 1842:82 type species Didelphis 
murina Linnaeus, by subsequent designation 
(Thomas, 1888b:340). Gardner, 1993:18 listed. 

Stegomarmosa Pine. 1972:279 type species Mar- 
mosa (Stegomarmosa) andersoni Pine. Gardner, 
1993:18 listed. 

Type Species Didelphis marina Gray, 1821 
incorrect subsequent spelling of Didelphis murina 
Linnaeus, 1758. 

Distribution (Figs. 27 and 28) Neotropical re- 
gion from northern Mexico to Bolivia and Brazil. 



Marmosa andersoni Pine, 1972 

Marmosa andersoni Pine, 1972:279 PERU: Cusco 
(Hacienda Villa Carmen, Cosnipata). Gardner, 
1983:18 listed, synonymy. 

Holotype Adult male, skin and skull, FMNH 
84252, collected 21 September 1954 by C. Kali- 
nowski. 

Type Locality Hacienda Villa Carmen, Cos- 
nipata, Cusco, Peru, 600 m. 

Distribution (Fig. 29) Known only from type 
locality. 

Comments Type species of Stegomarmosa. 



56 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 




90 



80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 



Fig. 28. Distribution of the genus Marmosa in South America: throughout northern half of continent, south 
through Bolivia and Brazil. See Figure 27 for distribution in Central America. 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



57 




Fig. 29. Distribution of Marmosa andersoni: known only from type locality in Department of Cusco. Peru. 
localities given in published records. 



Marmosa canescens (J. A. Allen, 1893) 

Mannosa canescens canescens J. A. Allen. 1893: 
235 MEXICO: Oaxaca (type locality. Santo Do- 
mingo de Guzman. Isthmus of Tehuantepec: holo- 
type^ adult male. AMNH 3111/2433: collected 30 
April by A. C. Buller). Tate. 1933:141 MEXICO: 
Nayarit (Tepic): Oaxaca (Santo Domingo de Guz- 
man: Puerto Angel: Tehuantepec: Tlapacingo): 
Guerrero (Tlapa. Rfo Xochihuehuellen: Acapulco: 
Sochi, not located): Puebla (Amolac): Michoacdn 
(Los Reyes): Colima (Hacienda Magdalena): Nay- 
arit (Tepic): Yucatan (Yaxcaba). Hall and Villa. 
1950:164 MEXICO: Michoacdn (Los Reyes). 
Hershkovitz. 1951:551 MEXICO: Yucatan (Chi- 
chen Itza: Yaxcaba). Hooper. 1955:7 MEXICO: 
Sinaloa (San Bias): Puebla (Tehuacan). Gardner. 
1993:18 listed. Ramirez-Pulido and Castro-Cam- 
pillo. 1994:18 MEXICO: Morelos: Oaxaca; 
Guerrero. 

Marmosa canescens oaxacae Merriam. 1897:43 
MEXICO: Oaxaca (type locality. Oaxaca: holo- 
type. adult male. USNM 68240: collected 14 Au- 
gust 1894 by E. W. Nelson and E. A. Goldman). 
Tate. 1933:143 MEXICO: Oaxaca (Oaxaca). 
Gardner. 1993:18 listed. 

Marmosa canescens sinaloae J. A. Allen. 1898:143 
MEXICO: Nayarit (type locality. Tatemales: holo- 



type. adult male. BMNH 98.3.2.161. collected 14 
May 1897 by P. O. Simons). Tate, 1933:142-143 
MEXICO: Sinaloa (Tatamales. not located: Culia- 
can: Mazatlan: Esquinapa: Rosario: Rancho Palo 
Amarillo. Amatlan. not located): Durango (Ventan- 
as, not located). Gardner. 1993:18 listed. 

Marmosa canescens insularis Merriam. 1898:14 
MEXICO: Sinaloa (type locality. Maria Madre Is- 
land [= Isla Marfa Madre]. Tres Marias Islands [ = 
Isla Tres Marias]: holotype. young adult male. 
United States Biological Survey 89215. collected 
16 May 1897). Tate/l933: 144 MEXICO: Sinaloa 
(Isla Maria Madre: Islas Tres Marias). Ramirez- 
Pulido and Castro-Campillo. 1994:18 MEXICO: 
Nayarit. Gardner. 1993:18 listed. 

Marmosa canescens gaumeri Osgood. 1913a: 175 
MEXICO: Yucatan (type locality. Yaxcaba. Chi- 
chen Itza: holotype. FMNH 19995. collected No- 
vember 1912 by G. F. Gaumer). Gardner. 1993: 
18 listed. 

Holotype Adult male. AMNH 3111/2433, 
collected 30 April 1890 by A. C. Buller. 

Type Locality Santo Domingo de Guzman. 
Isthmus of Tehuantepec. Oaxaca. Mexico. 

Distribution (Fig. 30) In Mexico from southern 
Sonora to Oaxaca. Yucatan, and Islas Tres Marias. 



58 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 




110 100 90 80 

Fig. 30. Distribution of Marmosa canescens: Mexico. = localities given in published records. 



Marmosa lepida (Thomas, 1888) 

Didelphys pusilla: Tomes (not Desmarest, 1804), 
1858:548 ECUADOR: Marona-Santiago (Guala- 
quiza). 

Didelphys (micoureus) lepida Thomas, 1888a: 158 
PERU: Thomas, 1888b:347 PERU: Loreto (Santa 
Cruz, Rfo Huallaga); BOLIVIA. Gardner, 1983: 
18 listed. 

[Marmosa] lepida: Trouessart, 1898:1240 classifi- 
cation. 

M[armosa] lepida: Thomas, 1927d:374 BOLIVIA: 
Santa Cruz (Buenavista). 

Marmosa lepida: Cabrera, 1958:18 classification; 
grandis Tate, a synonym. Husson, 1978:16-17 
SURINAME: Paramaribo (Paramaribo); Brokopon- 
do (Gansee); Marowijne (Wiawia Bank); Sipaliwini 
(Nassau Mountains). Anderson et al., 1993:16 BO- 
LIVIA: Santa Cruz (Buenavista). Anderson, 1997: 
150 BOLIVIA: Santa Cruz (Buenavista). 

Marmosa lepida lepida: Tate, 1933:205 PERU: Lor- 
eto (Santa Cruz, Rio Huallaga); Ucayali (Lagarto, 
Rio Ucayali); Hudnuco (Puerto Marquez, Rio 
Pachitea); BOLIVIA: Santa Cruz (Buenavista); 
ECUADOR: Pastaza (Sarayacu, Rio Bobonaza); 
SURINAME: ("San Alouatta" [sic], not located); 
Paramaribo (Paramaribo). Lemke et al., 1982: 
226 COLOMBIA: Meta (Cano Entrada, Sierra de 
La Macarena); Amazonas (Rio Amacayacu [= Rio 
Amaca-Yacu]). 

Marmosa lepida grandis Tate, 1931:12 BOLIVIA: 
Santa Cruz (type locality, Buenavista; holotype, fe- 
male, skin and skull, BMNH 26.12.4.94, collected 



25 January 1926 by J. Steinbach). Tate, 1933: 
207 BOLIVIA: Santa Cruz (Buenavista). Gard- 
ner, 1993:18 listed. 

Holotype Female, skin and skull, BMNH 
69.3.31.4; collected by E. Bartlett. 

Type Locality Santa Cruz, near Yurimaguas, 
lower Rio Huallaga, Loreto, Peru. 

Distribution (Fig. 31) Colombia, Ecuador, 
Peru, Suriname, and Santa Cruz in Bolivia. 



Marmosa mexicana Merriam, 1897 

Marmosa murina mexicana Merriam, 1897:44 
MEXICO: Oaxaca (Juquila). Gardner, 1993:18 
listed. Ramfrez-Pulido and Castro-Campillo, 1944: 
18 MEXICO: Oaxaca. 

Marmosa mexicana mexicana: Tate, 1933:133 
MEXICO: Chiapas (Chicharras; Huehuetan); Oa- 
xaca (Juquila); Veracruz-Llave (Tuxpan; Jalapa; 
Achotal; Texolo; San Andres Tuxtla; Mirador; Pasa 
Nueva); GUATEMALA: Baja Verapaz (San Jeron- 
imo, E of Salama; Chilasco, on tributary of Rfo 
Palochic); Aha Verapaz (Cajabon; Coban; San 
Cristobal); HONDURAS: (Rfo Umulla, not locat- 
ed); NICARAGUA: Matagalpa; (Matagalpa); Ri- 
vets (San Emilio, Lago Nicaragua; Lago Nicara- 
gua); Nueva Segovia (Ocotal); Managua (Mana- 
gua); Zelaya (Rfo Coco); Boaco (Bijagua); Jinote- 
ga (San Rafael del Norte); Esteli (Chinandega); 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



59 




Fig. 31. Distribution of Marmosa lepida: central Colombia south to Bolivia: also in Suriname. = localities 
given in published records. 



Zela\a (Corn Islands [= Islas del Maiz]). Goodwin. 
1954:3 MEXICO: Tamaulipas (Aserradero del 
Infernillo). Ramfrez-Pulido and Castro-Campillo. 
1994:18 MEXICO: Chiapas; Oaxaca. 

Marmosa mexicana savannarum Goldman. 1917: 
108 PANAMA: Chiriqui (type locality. Boquer- 
6n, holotype, subadult male. AMNH 18915. col- 
lected 31 October 1901 by J. H. Batty). Goldman. 
1917:108 PANAMA: Chiriqui (Boqueron). Tate. 
1933:134 PANAMA: Chiriqui (Bogava [= Bug- 
aba]; Colon and Code. W of. not located). Bole. 
1937:145 PANAMA: Veraguas (Mariato). Gard- 
ner. 1993:18 listed. 

Marmosa mexicana zeledoni Goldman. 1917:238 
COSTA RICA: Cartago (type locality. Navarro: 
holotype. young adult male, USNM 12885-37133, 
collected 1 March 1878 by Juan Cooper for Jose 
C. Zeledon). Tate. 1933:136 COSTA RICA: Car- 
tago (Navarro); Puntarenas (Boruca); Limon 
(Jimenez, Rio Jimenez; Rio Pacuare); NICARA- 
GUA: Zelaya (Rio Tuma. E of Matagalpa; Blue- 
fields). Goodwin. 1946:287 COSTA RICA: Pun- 
tarenas (Boruca; Agua Buena): Limon (Rio Pacu- 
are). Gardner, 1993:18 listed. 

Marmosa mexicana mayensis Osgood. 1913a: 176 
MEXICO: Yucatan (type locality, Izamal; holotype, 
young adult male. FMNH 19994, collected March 
1913 by G. F. Gaumer). Tate, 1933:135 MEXI- 



CO: Yucatan (Chichen Itza: Izamal). Ramfrez-Pul- 
ido and Castro-Campillo, 1994:18 MEXICO: Yu- 
catan. Gardner. 1993:18 listed. 



Holotype Young male, USNM 71526, col- 
lected 28 February 1895 by E. W. Nelson and E. 
A. Goldman. 

Type Locality Juquila, Oaxaca, Mexico, at 
1500 m. 

Distribution (Fig. 32) Tamaulipas, Mexico, 
to W Panama in Central America. 



Marmosa murina (Linnaeus, 1758) 

Een soort van een Bos-rat, Merian. 1719:66. 

Mus sylvestris americanus Seba, 1734:48, 49, 50 

(marmosa of the Brasilians). 
Glis sylvestris Americanus Seba. 1735:90. 
Marmose Buffon. 1763:335. 
Merian opossum Pennant. 1771:210. 
Murine opossum Pennant, 1793:23 GUIANA. 
[Didelphis] murina Linnaeus. 1758:55 name based 

on Seba (1734. figs. 1. 2. 3. 6 [not "12. 36" as 



60 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 




Fig. 32. Distribution of Marmosa mexicana: from Tmaulipas, Mexico, south through western Panama. 
localities given in published records. 



given by Linnaeus and authors]. Gardner, 1993: 
18 listed. 

Did[elphis] murina: Cuvier, 1798:125 la marmose. 

Didelphis murina: Latreille, 1803:304 marmose. 
Desmarest, 1816:427 FRENCH GUIANA: (Cay- 
enne). Temminck, 1825:50 FRENCH GUIANA. 
Jentink, 1887:302 SURINAME. Waterhouse, 
1841:105 "GUIANA." Waterhouse, 1846:508 
part, "GUIANA." Thomas, 1887:153 GUYANA: 
Demerara-Mahaica (Pen Hope). Jentink, 1888: 
221 part, SURINAME; part, PERU: Loreto (Rio 
Javarf [= Rio Yavarf]). Thomas, 1888b:343 part, 
SURINAME: Lidth de Jeude collection in the Brit- 
ish Museum; GUYANA: Demerara-Mahaica 
(Plantation Hope); BRAZIL: Para; part, synonyms, 
dorsigera Linnaeus, guianensis Kerr, musculo Ca- 
banis. Thomas, 1892:314 identification of Mus 
sylvestris americanus Seba with specimens of the 
Lidth de Jeude collection in the British Museum. 

Didelphis Murina: Shaw, 1800:484 murine opos- 
sum. 

Didelphis marina: E. Geoffroy, 1803:143 incorrect 
subsequent spelling South America. 

Sarigua murina: Muirhead, 1819:429 new combi- 
nation. 

[l]D[idelphys] murina: Wied-Neuwied (not Linnaeus, 
1758), 1*826:41 1 BRAZIL: Espirito Santo-Ba- 
hia-Minas Gerais (Rio Mucuri). 

D[idelphys] murina: Tschudi, 1844:14, 146, 151 
PERU. 

['l]Didelphys murina: Burmeister, 1854:138 charac- 



ters based primarily on descriptions by Wied-Neu- 
wied, 1826. 

Grymaeomys murina: Burmeister, 1856:80 muscu- 
lus Cabanis, a synonym. 

[Cuica] murina: Liais, 1872:330 classification. 

Marmosa murina: Thomas, 1895:58 classification. 
J. A. Allen, 1904d:337 VENEZUELA: Bolivar 
(Rio Suapure). Thomas, 191 lb: 144 SURINAME 
type locality; "cotypes" in BMNH. Tate, 1933 
106 PERU: Cusco (Marcapata). Pine et al., 1970 
668 BRAZIL: Mato Grosso (Xavantina [= Chav- 
antina]). Handley, 1976:7 VENEZUELA: Zulia 
(El Rosario); Yaracuy (Urama); Amazonas (San 
Juan; Belen; Tamatama; Capibara; Boca Mavaca); 
Monagas (San Agustfn); Bolivar (Los Patos; Rib 
Supamo; Hato San Jose; El Manaco; km 125, 85 
km SSE of El Dorado; Icabaru). Reig et al., 1977: 
211 PERU: Ucayali (Balta); VENEZUELA: Bo- 
livar (Santa Elena de Uairen). Avila Pires and Gou- 
vea, 1977:9 BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro (Campo 
Bello, Itatiaya [= Pico das Agulhas Negras]). Hus- 
son, 1978:19-20 SURINAME: Nickerie (Vier 
Gebroeders Mountain); Sipaliwini (Bitagron; 
Adampada Kreek; Raleigh Falls); Paramaribo 
(Paramaribo; Cultuurtuin; Morgenstond); Com- 
mewijne ("Clevia"; Peperpot); Para (Zanderij); 
Saramacca ("Jarikaba"); Wanica (Lelydorp); Ma- 
rowijne (Moengo). Eisenberg et al., 1979:191 
VENEZUELA: Miranda-Guarico (Parque Nacion- 
al Guatopo). Kock, 1986:269 SURINAME. Pat- 
terson, 1992:7 BOLIVIA: Beni (Puerto Salinas); 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



61 



BRAZIL: Amazonas (Itacoatiara; Codajas; Joao 
Pessoa; Igarape Grande); Para (Casa Nova: Iro^an- 
ga; Itapoama). Rageot and Albuja. 1994:176 EC- 
UADOR: Pastaza (Mera). Anderson. 1997:151 
BOLIVIA: Beni (Puerto Salinas; Centinela. La Em- 
bocada); Cochabamba (Villa Tunari); La Paz (Moi- 
re [= Moira Camp, alto Rio Madidi]; Chijchipani): 
Santa Cruz (Las Cruces). Patton et al., 2000:51 
BRAZIL: Amazonas (Altamira, right bank Rio 
Jurua; Barro Vermelho, left bank Rio Jurua: Ilha 
Paxiuba. right bank Rio Jurua). Voss et al.. 2001: 
41 FRENCH GUIANA (Arataye; Cayenne: Par- 
acou: Les Nouragues; Piste Saint Elie; Saul): GUY- 
ANA: Demerara-Mahica (Demerara River. 29 mi 
above Georgetown): Cuyuni-Mazaruni (Kartabo): 
West Demerara-Essiquibo Islands ("Caraiben- 
Niederlassung Arrai am obern Pomeroon") [holo- 
type of musculo]; SURINAME: Brokopondo (Fin- 
isanti); Para (Lelydorpplan: Zanderij); Sipaliwini 
(Oelemarie; Raleigh Falls): VENEZUELA: Ama- 
zonas (Mt. [= Cerro] Duida); Bolivar (Ciudad Bo- 
livar: Arabupii). 

[Marmosa] murina: Trouessart. 1898:1239 part. 
classification. 

M[armosa] murina: Miranda Ribeiro. 1905:189 
BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro (Monte Serrat. Itatiaya). 

Marmosa murina murina: Tate. 1933:92 BRAZIL: 
Para (Igarape Assu [= Igarape Acu], [holotype of 
parata]; Caldeirao, Marajo [= Ilha de Marajo]): 
Maranhdo (Parnaiba [= Parnahyba, now in Piauf]; 
Cocos, Codo: Tury-assu); Pernambuco (Dois Ir- 
maos, Recife); Paraiba (Penha): GUYANA: Esse- 
quibo (Hoolie Island. Essequibo River, not locat- 
ed): SURINAME. Vieira, 1953:220 BRAZIL: Al- 
agoas (Mangabeiras [= Mangabeira]). Avila Pires. 
1958:3 BRAZIL: Para (Utinga. Belem de Para). 
Carvalho, 1962:285, 296 BRAZIL: Amapd (Rio 
Maruanum. Macapa: Rio Amapari. Macapa). Avila 
Pires, 1968:166 BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro (Monte 
Serrat [= Pico das Agulhas Negras], Itatiaia). Pine. 
1973b:55 BRAZIL: Para (Belem). da Fonseca 
and Redford. 1984:518 BRAZIL: Distrito Fed- 
eral (Reserva Ecologica Biologica do Instituto de 
Geografia e Estatfstica [IBGE]). 

Marmosa murina murina: Cabrera (part, not Linnae- 
us). 1958:20 moeirae in synonymy only. 

P[hilander] murinus: Tiedemann. 1808:427 classi- 
fication. 

0[possum] murinus: Schmid. 1818:117 marmose of 
Buffon. 

Philander murinus: Gray, 1843:101 tropical Amer- 
ica. 

Micoureus murinus: Lesson, 1842:186 classifica- 
tion. 

[Didelphis] dorsigera Linnaeus, 1758:55 "Ameri- 
ca" (type locality): name based on the mus sylves- 
tris americanus of Seba, "Merian Surin[ame]" 
Bos-rat. Gardner, 1993:18 listed. 

Didelphis Dorsigera: Shaw. 1 800:485 Merian opos- 
sum. 

Didelphis dorsigera: Temminck, 1825:48 compari- 
son with D. caxopollin. Schomburgk. 1840:345 
GUYANA. Jentink, 1887:302 SURINAME. Jen- 
tink, 1888:221 SURINAME. 

Didelphys dorsigera: Waterhouse, 1841:104 Meri- 



an 's opossum. Burmeister. 1879:192 part, distri- 
bution. 

D[idelphxs] dorsigera: Wagner. 1843:48. Cabanis and 
Schomburgk, 1848:777 GUYANA. 

Micoureus dorsigera: Lesson, 1842:186 classifica- 
tion. 

Philander dorsigera: Gray, 1843:101 specimens 
without locality listed. 

Marmosa dorsigera: Thomas, 191 lb: 144 SURI- 
NAME: (type locality); synonyms of murina Lin- 
naeus; "type" in BMNH (Lidth de Jeude collec- 
tion). 

[Monodelphis] dorsigens: Burnett, 1830:351 incor- 
rect subsequent spelling classification. 

Grymaeomys dorsiger: Burmeister, 1856:80 incor- 
rect subsequent spelling part, distribution. 

Didelphis guianensis Kerr. 1792:194 SURINAME: 
name based on the Guiana opossum of Pennant. 
Gardner. 1993:18 listed. 

Marmosa murina guianensis, Carvalho, 1962:285, 
296 BRAZIL: Amapd (Macapa). 

Didelphys macrotarsus Wagner. 1842:359 BRAZIL: 
(type locality, Rio Madeira, Amazonas; holotype, 
male, in the Vienna Museum, no. 195, collected by 
Johann Natterer: not Didelphys macrotarsos Schre- 
ber. 1778 [= Tarsius sxrichta Linnaeus]). Wagner, 
1850:145 BRAZIL: Amazonas (type locality, Rio 
Madeira, not located). Pelzeln. 1883:114 BRA- 
ZIL: Amazonas (Rio Madeira, not located). Gard- 
ner, 1993:18 listed. 

Thylamys macrotarsus: Miranda Ribeiro. 1936:386 
characters of type specimen. 

[Marmosa] macrotarsus: Trouessart. 1898:1239 list- 
ed in synonymy of Marmosa murina Linnaeus. 

D[idelph\s]. musculus Cabanis, in Schomburgk, 
1848:778 GUYANA: Essequibo (type locality, 
Caribe colony of Arrai, upper Pomeroon River 
[now West Demerara Essequibo Islands]; holo- 
type. male, skin and skull, collected by Richard 
Schomburgk). Matschie. 1916:264, 272 holotype 
in Berlin museum, skin no. 2331, skull no. 24797. 
Gardner. 1993:18 listed. 

[Marmosa] musculo: Trouessart, 1898:1239 listed in 
synonymy of Marmosa murina Linnaeus. 

Marmosa murina musculo: Tate, 1933:96 GUYA- 
NA: Pomeroon-Supenaam (Supenaam River, trib- 
utary of lower Essequibo); Demerara-Mahaica 
(Dunoon: Pen Hope, 120 [sic = 20] mi E of 
Georgetown; Hyama Creek. Demerara River; Hyde 
Park. Demerara River); Essequibo Islands-West 
Demerara (Clarkesdale, Demerara River); Upper 
Demarara-Berbice (Comackka, 80 mi up the De- 
merara River); Cuyuni-Mazaruni (Kartabo, Esse- 
quibo River: Bartica Grove. Essequibo River); Es- 
sequibo Islands-West Demerara (Bonasica, Esse- 
quibo River); Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo 
(Moon Mountains; Kanuku Mountains, N of); SU- 
RINAME: Marowijne (Maroni); Brokopondo (Ber- 
gendal): FRENCH GUIANA: (Cayenne); holotype, 
a juvenile male; chloe Thomas, a synonym. 

Grymaeomxs impavida: Burmeister (? not Tschudi, 
1844), 1856:81 BRAZIL: precise locality un- 
known; macrotarsus Wagner and murina Burmeis- 
ter 1854 regarded as synonyms. 

Didelphys Materhousii Tomes. 1860:58 part. Thom- 
as, 1 92 la:522 ECUADOR: Morona-Santiago 



62 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



(type locality, Gualaquiza; holotype skin lost, skull 
only in BMNH 7.1.1.215, collected by Fraser; an- 
imal pouched female in spirits figured by 
Tomes, 1860, pi. 76, as type, is a member of Mar- 
moset cinerea group originally figured by Water- 
house, 1846:505). Gardner, 1993:18 listed. 

D[idelphys] waterhousei: Thomas, 1888b:342 in 
synonymy of Didelphys cinerea Temminck. 

[Marmosa] Waterhousei: Trouessart, 1898:1238 
listed in synonymy of Marmosa cinerea. 

[^Marmosa waterhousei: Lonnberg, 1921:69 EC- 
UADOR: Napo (below Baeza, 5000 ft [= 1560 
m]). 

M[armosa] Waterhousei: Thomas, 1927a:374 mar- 
anii Thomas, a synonym. 

Marmosa murina waterhousei: Tate, 1933:103 part, 
ECUADOR: Tungurahua (Mirador); Morona-San- 
tiago (Gualaquiza, Rio Zamora); Zamora-Chinchi- 
pe (Zamora); Pastaza (Rio Curaray, mouth, not lo- 
cated); bombascarae Anthony, a synonym. Han- 
dley and Gordon, 1979:70 VENEZUELA: Zulia 
(El Rosario). 

[Caluromys] waterhousei: Matschie, 1916:269 list- 
ed. 



Remarks The type of waterhousei was first 
recorded by Tomes in 1859 with a note from the 
collector, Mr. Fraser, that it had "five young in 
her pouch, each 3 inches long." When naming the 
animal in 1860, Tomes (p. 58) described the un- 
derparts as "brownish-buff, with a stripe of yel- 
lowish-white along the centre of throat and 
breast." On page 59 (op. cit.), Tomes repeats that 
"on all under parts the hairs are unicolour, of a 
pale buff, palest on the mesial line, and on the 
throat and breast taking the form of a well defined 
streak of pale yellow." He then adds (p. 60) that 
the type "unquestionably possessed a complete 
pouch, as might be seen from an examination of 
the skin preserved in spirit; and Mr. Fraser's note 
accompanying the specimen." The animal figured 
in the colored plate (op. cit., pi. 76) with chops 
and sides of ventrum creamy-buff is not the one 
characterized in the text. 

In reporting on a second collection from Ec- 
uador, made by Mr. Fraser, Tomes mentions a sec- 
ond, somewhat smaller specimen of waterhousei 
in which the hair of "the region of the pouch and 
pubis [is] of a brownish-yellow colour." Finally, 
on page 303 (1860), the author offers a figure of 
the skull of the type of waterhousei and adds that 
the "type possesses a complete pouch, in which, 
according to that gentleman's [Fraser's] note, were 
several young ones. When it came into my hands 
this part contained cotton-wool, and was about the 
size of a large hazel-nut." 

The type skull is undoubtedly that of a Mar- 
mosa. It is impossible, however, to reconcile a 



Marmosa skull with a pouched skin. Furthermore, 
no known didelphid as small as Marmosa pos- 
sesses a marsupium. Although Tomes very defi- 
nitely mentions the presence of a pouch, he does 
not refer to it in his formal description of the un- 
derparts or even notice a reddish mammary region 
that covers the ventrum of any breeding female. 
These considerations forced Hershkovitz (pers. 
comm.) to assume that Tomes may have erred in 
his judgment. It was already shown by Thomas 
(1921 [9], 7:522) that "Tomes allowed a figure of 
Waterhouse's specimen [of Marmosa cinerea, 
1846, Nat. Hist. Mamm., 1:505] to be published 
as his D. waterhousei when at the same time he 
was describing under that name the skin brought 
home by Frazer from Ecuador." Thomas then not- 
ed that the skull of the type of waterhousei was 
in the British Museum but that the skin had dis- 
appeared. From the foregoing, it seems advisable 
to restrict the name Didelphys waterhousei Tomes 
to the type skull and leave the identification of the 
skin to those who may find it. 

Marmosa bombascarae Anthony, 1922:5 ECUA- 
DOR: Zamora-Chinchipe (type locality, Zamora, at 
junction of Rio Bombascaro and Zamora; holotype, 
female, skin and skull, AMNH 47186, collected 24 
November 1920 by H. E. Anthony). Gardner, 1993: 
18 listed. 

Marmosa maranii Thomas, 1924c:537 PERU: Lor- 
eto (type locality, San Lorenzo, Rio Maranon, 
above mouth of Rio Huallaga, 500 ft [= 150 m]; 
holotype, male, skin and skull, BMNH 24.2.22.65, 
collected by Latham Rutter). Thomas, 1927:374 
a synonym of waterhousei. Gardner, 1993:18 list- 
ed. 

Marmosa murina maranii: Tate, 1933:102 PERU: 
Loreto (San Lorenzo, Rib Maranon; Orosa, oppo- 
site mouth of Rio Napo; Pebas, Rio Maranon: Rio 
Curaray, mouth); " 'co-type' named by Thomas ap- 
pears from the characters of the skin to be a dark 
noctivaga. It has no skull." 

Marmosa quichua Thomas, 1899:43. Thomas, 1920: 
248 PERU: Cusco (type locality, Ocobamba, 
9000 ft [= 2800 m]; holotype, female, skin and 
skull, BMNH 98.1 1.6.18, collected 2 October 1897 
by Otto Garlepp). Thomas, 1928a:265 PERU: 
Loreto (Chicosa [now in Ucayali]; Cerro Azul; 
Contamana, Rio Ucayali). Tate, 1933: 106 PERU: 
San Martin (Moyobamba; Yurac Yacu); Loreto 
(Contamana, Rio Ucayali; Cerro Azul; Chicosa 
[now in Ucayali]); Hudnuco (Tingo Maria; Rfo 
Chinchao); Pasco (Pozuzo); Cusco (Ocobamba; 
Marcapata. Rfo Inambari); Junin (San Ramon, near 
Chanchamayo; Chanchamayo); musicola Osgood, a 
synonym. Ceballos, 1959:266 PERU: Cusco (Ha- 
cienda Cadena, Camanti). Gardner, 1993:18 list- 
ed. 

Marmosa quichua: Cabrera (not Thomas), 1917:10 
PERU: Loreto (Rfo Napo). 

[Marmosa] quichua: Cabrera (not Thomas), 1911: 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



63 



12 PERU: Loreto (Rfo Napo); mitis Cabrera, a 
synonym. 

M[armosa] mitis: Cabrera (not Bangs), 1912:146 
PERU: Loreto (Rio Napo). 

Marmosa musicola Osgood, 1913b:95 PERU: San 
Martin (type locality, Moyobamba; holotype, old 
adult female, skin and skull, FMNH 19354, col- 
lected 30 July 1912 by W. H. Osgood and M. P. 
Anderson). Osgood, 1914b: 150 PERU: San Mar- 
tin (Moyobamba). Thomas, 1927a:374 PERU: 
San Martin (Yurac Yacu); may be a race of M. 
quichua. Gardner, 1933:18 listed. 

[Caluromys] musicola: Matschie, 1916:269 classi- 
fication. 

Marmosa quichua musicola: Thomas, 1927b:608 
PERU: Hudnuco (Chinchavito, 3000 ft [= 930 m]; 
Tingo Maria, 2000 ft [= 625 m]). 

Marmosa Klagesi J. A. Allen, 1900a: 198 VENE- 
ZUELA: Bolivar (type locality, Ciudad Bolivar; 
holotype, male, skin and skull, AMNH 16121; col- 
lected 26 October 1899 by S. M. Klages). Thomas, 
190 la: 154 GUYANA: Upper Takutu-Upper Es- 
sequibo (Kanuku Mts.). J. A. Allen, 1904d:337 
VENEZUELA: Bolivar (Ciudad Bolivar; La Union, 
Rio Caura). Gardner, 1993:18 listed. 

Marmosa murina klagesi: Tate, 1933:98 VENE- 
ZUELA: Amazonas (Rio Munduapo, near San Fer- 
nando de Atabapo; Bolivar (Ciudad Bolivar; Sua- 
pure, Rio Caura; La Union, Rfo Caura). Perez-Her- 
nandez, 1989:367 VENEZUELA: Bolivar (Zona 
de la Represa del Guri, Rio Caronf; Campamento, 
Represa del Guri, Rfo Caronf). 

[Marmosops] Klagesi: Matschie, 1916:98 classifi- 
cation. 

Marmosa chloe Thomas, 1907:167 GUYANA: De- 
merara-Mahaica (type locality, Demerara River, 29 
mi above Georgetown; holotype, male, skin and 
skull, BMNH 7.6.20.16, collected 6 December 
1906 by S. B. Warren). Thomas, 1 9 1 0b: 1 89 
GUYANA: Pomeroon-Supenaam (Supenaam Riv- 
er). Anthony, 1921:267 GUYANA: Cuyuni-Ma- 
zaruni (Kartabo). Gardner, 1993:18 listed. 

[Marmosops] chloe: Matschie, 1916:271 classifica- 
tion. 

Marmosa parata Thomas, 1911 a:5 1 7 BRAZIL: 
Parti (type locality, Igarape-Assu [= Igarape Acu], 
50 m; holotype, female, skin and skull, BMNH 
4.7.4.100, collected 12 May 1904 by A. Robert). 
Thomas, 1920b:283 BRAZIL: Para (Villa Bra- 
ga); Ceard. Gardner, 1993:18 listed. 

Marmosa murina parata: Pohle, 1927:241 BRA- 
ZIL: Pernambuco (Penha; Dois Irmaos). 

Marmosa tobagi Thomas, 191 la:5 15 TRINIDAD 
AND TOBAGO: (Richmond); (type locality, Wa- 
terloo; holotype, male, skin and skull, BMNH 
97.6.7.53, collected 1 1 March 1897 by Perry Ren- 
dall). Clark, 1914:69 TRINIDAD AND TOBA- 
GO. Gardner, 1993:18 listed. 

Marmosa murina tobagi, Goodwin, 1961:9 TRINI- 
DAD AND TOBAGO: (Waterloo, north side of is- 
land inland from Castara); regarded as specifically 
distinct from M. mitis. 

Marmosa madeirensis Cabrera, 1913:12 new name 
for macrotarsus Wagner, preoccupied. Gardner, 
1993:18 listed. 

Marmosa murina madeirensis: Tate, 1933:100 



BRAZIL: Amazonas (type locality, Rio Madeira; 
"co-type," in Vienna Museum, collected by Johann 
Natterer). (According to Tate [1933, AMNH], the 
type is an adult male, no. 195, formerly mounted, 
now preserved as a skin and skull); (Rosarinho, 
Lago Miguel, Rio Madeira; Rio Yavarf [= Rio Ja- 
varf]; Manacapuni, near mouth of Rio Negro; Villa 
Bella Imperatriz [= Parintins], Rio Andira); Para 
(Santarem, Rio Tapajos; Villa Braga, Rio Tapajos). 

Marmosa murina roraimae Tate, 1931:4 VENE- 
ZUELA: Bolivar (type locality, Arabopo [= Ara- 
bupii]; foot of Mt. [= Cerro] Roraima, 4200 ft [ = 
1300 m]; holotype, male, skin and skull, AMNH 
75703, collected 25 December 1927 by G.H.H. 
Tate and T. D. Carter). Tate, 1933:98 VENEZUE- 
LA: Bolivar (Paulo. Rfo Cuquenam [= Rfo Cu- 
quenan]; Mt. [= Cerro] Roraima; Arabupii, Rfo Ar- 
abupii, Mt. [Cerro] Roraima). Tate, 1939:164 VE- 
NEZUELA: Bolivar (Cerro Roraima. 1400 m; Au- 
yan-tepuf, 460 m, 1 100 m, 1850 m). Gardner, 1993: 
18 listed. 

Marmosa murina duida Tate, 1931:5 VENEZUE- 
LA: Amazonas (type locality. Middle Camp, foot 
of Cerro Duida, 8 mi N of Esmeralda, upper Rfo 
Orinoco, 350 ft [= 110 m]; holotype, male, skin 
and skull, AMNH 76984, collected 3 February 
1929 by Olalla Bros.). Tate, 1933:99 VENEZUE- 
LA: Amazonas (foot of Cerro Duida; Rfo Ocamo, 
upper Rfo Orinoco; La Laja. Esmeralda, upper Rfo 
Orinoco). Tate, 1939:164 VENEZUELA: Ama- 
zonas (foot of Cerro Duida, 100 m). Gardner, 1993: 
18 listed. Perez-Hernandez, 1989:366 VENE- 
ZUELA: Amazonas (Mavaca, Alto Rfo Orinoco). 

Marmosa ruatanica mimetra Tate (part, not Thomas, 
1921). 1933:126 part, ECUADOR: Napo (Bae- 
za). 

Marmosa meridionalis Miranda Ribeiro, 1936:361, 
371 BRAZIL: Mato Grosso (type locality, Para- 
tudal [= Paratubal], not located; holotype in alco- 
hol, MNRJ, collected by the Roosevelt-Rondon 
Commission to Mato Grosso). Gardner, 1993:18 
listed. 

Marmosa murina meridionalis: Cabrera, 1958:19. 
Avila Pires, 1968:165 BRAZIL: Mato Grosso 
(Paratudal [= Paratubal], not located). 

Marmosa moreirae Miranda Ribeiro, 1936:361. 
380 BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro (type locality Ita- 
tiaya; holotype, male, skin, MNRJ, collected by Sr. 
Carlos Moreira). Gardner, 1993:18 listed. 

Didelphys [?sp.] Tomes, 1859:548 ECUADOR: Mo- 
rona-Santiago (Gualaquiza). 

Types Name based on animals 1, 2, 3, 6 (in- 
correctly cited as "12, 36") figured and described 
by Seba (1734:48, 49). The specimens in the 
Lidth de Jeude collection, BMNH 67.4.12.541- 
542, are regarded as being part of the Seba col- 
lection and were designated "cotypes" by Thom- 
as, 1892:314. These specimens might be labeled 
syntypes instead, although the evidence that they 
actually figured in Seba's description is specula- 
tive. Lectotype designated by Husson 1978:22. 



64 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Type Locality "Asia, America," restricted 
to Suriname by Thomas, 1892:314. 

Distribution (Fig. 33) Colombia, Venezuela, 
Guyana, French Guiana, Suriname, Trinidad and 
Tobago, Ecuador, Peru, Brazil, and Bolivia. 



Marmosa robinsoni Bangs, 1898 

Didelphys murina: Thomas, 1882a:l 1 1 PERU: Ca- 
jamarca (Tambillo, 5800 ft [= 1800 m]); Tumbez 
(Tumbez). Thomas, 1888b: 343 part, PERU: Tum- 
bez (Tumbez); Cajamarca (Tambillo). 

Didelphys murina: Thomas (part, not Linnaeus, 
1758), 1888b:343 part, COLOMBIA: Antioquia 
(Medellin); part ECUADOR: Guayas (Montanas 
de Balzar). Robinson, 1896:651 VENEZUELA: 
Nueva Esparta (Isla Margarita). 

Didelphis (Micoureus) murina, J. A. Allen and Chap- 
man, 1893:230 TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO. J. 
A. Allen and Chapman, 1897:27 TRINIDAD 
AND TOBAGO: St. George (Caura); Caroni (Ca- 
paro). 

Marmosa murina: Rendall, 1897:342 TRINIDAD 
AND TOBAGO. 

Marmosa murina: Pirlot (not Linnaeus, 1758), 1963: 
175, 178, 179 VENEZUELA: Zulia (Tukuko [ = 
El Tukuko]). Tamsitt and Valdivieso (not Linnae- 
us), 1964:327 COLOMBIA: Tolima (Mariquita). 

Marmosa robinsoni Bangs, 1898a:95. G. M. Allen, 
1902:92 VENEZUELA: Nueva Esparta (Marga- 
rita [= Isla Margarita]). Handley, 1966:755 PAN- 
AMA: Panama (Isla del Rey). Reig, 1968:185 
VENEZUELA: Apure (Hato Acapulco). Fleming, 
1972:619 PANAMA: Colon (Fort Sherman Mil- 
itary Reservation); Panama (Rodman Naval Am- 
munition Depot). Handley, 1976:7 VENEZUE- 
LA: Zulia (Cerro Azul; Novito); Falcon (Cerro 
Santa Ana, Peninsula de Paraguana; Mirimire-La 
Pastora; Cerro Socopo; Rfo Socopito); Lara (Cas- 
erfo Boro; La Concordia); Trujillo (La Ceiba; Va- 
lera); Barinas (Altamira); Carabobo-Falcon-Yara- 
cuy (Urama); Carabobo (Montalban); Miranda 
(San Andres); Guarico (Hato Las Palmitas; Esta- 
cion Biologica de Los Llanos); Nueva Esparta (Isla 
Margarita); Sucre (Cumana); Monagas (San Agus- 
tin; Hato Mata de Bejuco). Reig et al., 1977:21 1 
VENEZUELA: Apure (Mato Salado); Miranda 
(Curupao); Guarico (Los Dos Caminos; Estacion 
Biologica de Los Llanos). Eisenberg et al., 1979: 
191 VENEZUELA: Guarico (Fundo Pecuario 
Masaguaral). O'Connell, 1979:717 VENEZUE- 
LA: Guarico (Fundo Pecuario Masaguaral). Han- 
dley and Gordon, 1979:68 VENEZUELA: Nueva 
Esparta (Cerro Matasiete, Isla Margarita). Burton 
et al., 1987:103 BELIZE: Toledo (Forestry 
Camp). Perez-Hernandez, 1989:368 VENEZUE- 
LA: Distrito Federal (Los Canales de Naiguata; 
Parque Nacional El Avila); Aragua (Carretera Vieja 
de Cata); Barinas (Barinitas; Rio Barragan, cerra 
de la desmbocadura, Barinitas; La Erica, 20 km SW 
of Barinas); Carabobo (Valencia; Punta Cabito, 
Lago de Valencia; Pira Pira); Falcon (Mirimire, 5 
km N and 13 km E); Miranda (El Hatillo; La 



Union, EI Hatillo; La Providencia, Turgua; Los 
Guayabitos; Baruta; La Cienega, Baruta; Cortada 
del Guayabo; Estanaque de Curupao, N of Guar- 
enas); Monagas (Cerro Papelon); Nueva Esparta 
(Serrania de Copey, Margarita; La Sierra, Marga- 
rita; Cerro Mastasiete; Fuenteydueno [al Este de la 
Isla]; Tacarigua; Hacienda Ochenta); Yaracuy 
(Agua Negra; Yaritagua, 30 km N); Apure (La Trin- 
idad, Hato La Trinidad de Arauca; "Mato Salada," 
Hato Acapulco): Cojedes (Hato Nuevo; Hato El 
Tirado): Guarico (Represa de Guanapito, Altagra- 
cia de Orituco; Rio Memo, cerca de Altagracia; 
Hato La Palmita, San Francisco de Tiznados; Ha- 
cienda "La Palmita"; Estacion Biologica de Los 
Llanos, Calabozo; Mondial Villasmil, Calabozo; 
Santa Rita, near Rio Manapire; Carlo Bartolo, not 
located); Gardner, 1993:18 listed. Adler et al., 
1997:361 COLOMBIA: Cordoba (El Contento). 
Lopez-Fuster et al., 2000:836-837 VENEZUE- 
LA: Aragua (Carretera Vieja de Cata); Carabobo 
(Aguirre, 6 km SSE of Montalban; Cano Alparga- 
ton; Embalse Rio Moron; Fundo Caricacho, Ura- 
ma; La Batea, 5 km SW of Moron; Montalban, 
Punta Cabito, Lago de Valencia; Urama, 19 km 
NW); Distrito Federal (Los Canales de Naiguata; 
Parque Nacional El Avila); Miranda (Curupao); 
Yaracuy (Agua Negra); Monagas (Campamento 
M.A.R.N.R., Rio Guarapiche; Caripe); Nueva Es- 
parta (Cerro Matasiete; Punta Arena, Peninsula 
Macanao; Serranfa de Copey); Sucre (Cariaco, 
Chacopata; Guaraunos, Finca Vuelta Larga; Haci- 
enda Quetepe, 16 km E of Cumana; Laguna de 
Chacopata; Serrania del Turumiquire); Anzodtegui 
(Morichal Largo; Rfo Caris, S of El Tigre; Rio Or- 
itupano); Monagas (Campamento El Merey, 45 km 
S of Temblador; Uverito, 35 km S of Temblador); 
Apure (Hato Acapulco; Hato El Frio; La Trinidad 
de Arauca); Cojedes (Hato El Tirado; Hato Nuevo; 
Hato Pinedo); Guarico (Estacion Biologica de Cal- 
abozo; Hato Flores Moradas; Hato La Fe, Coro- 
zopando; Hato Las Palmitas); Portuguesa (Estero 
de Chirigiiare); Barinas (Reserva Forestal de Ti- 
coporo); Falcon (Cerro de Santa Ana, Peninsula de 
Paraguana; Coro, 49 km N, 32 km W; Monte Cano, 
Pueblo Nuevo). 

Marmosa mitis robinsoni: Tate, 1933:118 VENE- 
ZUELA: Nueva Esparta (Isla Margarita); Sucre 
(Cuchivano, near Cumanacoa; Ypure; Campo Ale- 
gre); Monagas (San Antonio de Maturin). 

Marmosa robinsoni robinsoni: Cabrera, 1958:24. 
Handley and Gordon, 1979:70 VENEZUELA: 
Nueva Esparta (Isla Margarita; San Antonio); Su- 
cre (Cuchivano). 

Marmosa mitis Bangs, 1898b: 162 COLOMBIA: La 
Guajira (type locality, Pueblo Viejo, northern slope 
Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta; holotype, male, skin 
and skull, MCZ 8123, collected 25 March 1898 by 
W. W. Brown). Bangs, 1900:90 COLOMBIA: 
Magdalena (Palomino, Sierra Nevada de Santa 
Marta; La Conception, Sierra Nevada de Santa 
Marta); La Guajira (Pueblo Viejo; San Miguel, Si- 
erra Nevada de Santa Marta). J. A. Allen, 1904c: 
337 VENEZUELA: Bolivar (Ciudad Bolivar). J. 
A. Allen, 1904d:4 17 COLOMBIA: Magdalena 
(Bonda, Santa Marta; Mamatoco, Santa Marta; Ta- 
ganga, Santa Marta; Minca, Santa Marta). J. A. Al- 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



65 




90 80" 70 60 50 40 30 20 ' 10 

Fig. 33. Distribution of Marmosa murina: from northernmost South America south to central Bolivia and southern 
Brazil. = localities given in published records. 



66 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



len, 1916a:201 COLOMBIA: Cundinamarca (El 
Triumfo [= El Triunfo], 600 ft [= 180 m]); Mag- 
dalena (Rib Magdalena). Thrasher et al., 1971: 
526 COLOMBIA: Atldntico (Barranquilla). Gard- 
ner, 1993:19 listed. 

Marmosa raids Lonnberg (not Bangs, 1898), 1921: 
69 ECUADOR: Pichincha (Nanegal, 5000 ft [= 
1560 m]). 

Marmosa mitis mitis: Tate, 1933:115 COLOMBIA: 
Magdalena (Pueblo Viejo; Palomino; La Concep- 
cion; Santa Marta; Rio Don Diego, 45 mi E of San- 
ta Marta; Bonda; Cincinati; Taganga; Minca; Ma- 
matoco, Rio Manzanares); La Guijira (San Mi- 
guel); Tolima (Honda, Rio Magdalena); VENE- 
ZUELA: Merida (Milla, Sierra de Merida; Chama, 
Sierra de Merida; Montes de Pedregoso [= Que- 
brada La Pedregosa], Sierra de Merida). 

Marmosa robinsoni mitis: Tate, 1933: 118 VENE- 
ZUELA: Monagas (San Antonio de Maturin); Nue- 
va Esparta (Isla Margarita); Sucre (Cuchivano; Yp- 
ure). Handley and Gordon, 1979:70 COLOM- 
BIA: Magdalena (Taganga; Mamatoco; Bondo; La 
Concepcion; Minca; Palomino; Pueblo Viejo); La 
Guajira (Sierra Negra, E of Villanueva; San Mi- 
guel; Villanueva; Las Marimondas); VENEZUE- 
LA: Zulia (Cerro Azul; Novito); Merida (Merida; 
Cafetos de Milla [= Cafetal de Milla]); Falcon 
(Cerro Santa Ana, Peninsula de Paraguana). 

Marmosa rapposa: Trouessart (not Thomas, 1899), 
1910:A30 ECUADOR: Pichincha (Auca, on road 
to Nanegal). 

Marmosa simonsi Thomas, 1899b:287 ECUADOR: 
(type locality, Puna Island [= Isla Puna], Golfo de 
Guayaquil, Guayas; holotype, female, skin and 
skull, BMNH 99.8.1.20; collected 3 November 
1898 by Perry O. Simons). ECUADOR: Guayas 
(Puna [= Isla Puna]; Guayaquil; Chongoncito, near 
Guayaquil; Cerro Bajo Verde, near Guayaquil); Los 
Rios (Vinces); Manabi (Rib Briceno; Bahia de Ca- 
raquez); El Oro (Los Pozos, near Arenillas); Loja 
(Valle de Casanga); PERU: Tumbez (near Tumbez); 
Cajamarca (Tambillo). Tate, 1933:121 ECUA- 
DOR: Guayas (Puna [= Isla Puna]; Hacienda San 
Ramon, Puna [= Isla Puna]; Guayaquil; Chongon- 
cito; Cerro Bajo Verde); Los Rios (Vinces); Manabi 
(Rio Briceno; Bahia de Caraquez); El Oro (Los Po- 
zos); Loja (Valley of Casanga [= Valle de Casan- 
ga]); PERU: Tumbez (near Tumbez); Cajamarca 
(Tambillo). Gardner, 1993:19 listed. 

[Caluromys] simonsi: Matschie, 1916:269 classifi- 
cation. 

Marmosa mitis simonsi: Hershkovitz, 1951:552 
classification. 

Marmosa robinsoni simonsi: Cabrera, 1958:25 clas- 
sification. 

Marmosa chapmani J. A. Allen, 1900b: 197 TRIN- 
IDAD AND TOBAGO: St. George (type locality, 
Caura, Northern range, 500 ft [= 150 m]; holotype, 
male skin and skull, AMNH 7666/6052, collected 
7 April 1894 by Frank M. Chapman). Elliot, 1907: 
4 TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO: St. George (Cau- 
ra); Victoria (Princes Town). G. M. Allen, 1911: 
194 GRENADA; grenadae Thomas, a synonym. 
Tate, 1933:119 TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO: St. 
George (Caura; Savanna Grande); Caroni (Capa- 
ro); Victoria (Princes Town); St. David (Heights of 



Ourepouche [= El Cerro del Oropuche]); GRE- 
NADA; TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO; synonyms, 
grenadae, tobagi, nesaea. Vesey-Fitzgerald, 1936: 
6 TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO: St. George (Ari- 
po Valley; Botanic Gardens, Port-of-Spain). Good- 
win, 1961:8 GRENADA: (Grand Etang; St. 
George); TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO: (Waterloo). 
Gardner, 1 993: 1 8 listed. 

Marmosa mitis chapmani: Hershkovitz, 1951:552. 
Beebe, 1952:181 TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO: 
Arima (Arima Valley). Goodwin, 1961:4 TRINI- 
DAD AND TOBAGO: St. George (Caura); Caroni 
(Caparo); Victoria (Princes Town); St. David 
(Heights of Orepouche [= El Cerro del Oropuche]; 
St. Andrew (Sangre Grande). 

Marmosa robinsoni chapmani: Reig et al., 1977: 
211 TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO: St. Andrew 
(Turure Forest). 

Marmosa fulviventer Bangs, 1901:632 PANAMA: 
(type locality, San Miguel Island [ = Isla San Mi- 
guel], Gulf of Panama, Panama, Pacific side; ho- 
lotype, male, skin and skull, MCZ 8435; collected 
28 April 1900 by W. W. Brown Jr.). Gardner, 1993: 
18 listed. 

Marmosa mitis fulviventer: Tate, 1933:117 PANA- 
MA: Panama (San Miguel Island [= Isla San Mi- 
guel]; Saboga Island [= Isla Saboga]). 

Marmosa grenadae Thomas, 191 la:5 14 GRENA- 
DA: (type locality, Annandale; holotype, male, skin 
and skull, BMNH 87.6.30.5, collected 1886 by the 
Eclipse Expedition). Gardner, 1993:18 listed. 

Marmosa mitis grenadae: Goodwin, 1961:8 GRE- 
NADA: (Grand Etang; St. George's). 

Marmosa nesaea Thomas, 191 la:5 15 TRINIDAD 
AND TOBAGO: St. George (type locality, Savan- 
na Grande); holotype, male, skin and skull, BMNH 
97.6.7.24, collected 1 1 January 1897 by Perry Ren- 
dall). Gardner, 1993:19 listed. 

Marmosa ruatanica Goldman, 1911:237 HONDU- 
RAS: (type locality, Roatan Island [= Ruatan Is- 
land], one of the islands of Islas de la Bahia, off 
north coast of Honduras; holotype, adult male, skin 
and skull, USNM 7785/37700, collected 4 Febru- 
ary 1864 by J. Akhurst). Gardner, 1993:19 listed. 

Marmosa ruatanica ruatanica: Tate, 1933:124 
HONDURAS: (Ruatan Island). 

Marmosa mitis casta Thomas, 191 la:5 1 6 VENE- 
ZUELA: Carabobo (type locality, San Esteban; ho- 
lotype, male, skin and skull, BMNH 11.5.25.184, 
collected 6 February 1911 by S. M. Klages). J. A. 
Allen, 1911:246 VENEZUELA: Carabobo (San 
Esteban); Lara (Anzoategui). Tate, 1933:1 16 VE- 
NEZUELA: Carabobo (El Trompillo; Puerto Ca- 
bello; San Esteban); Lara (Anzoategui); COLOM- 
BIA: Norte de Santander (Valera, 10 mi N of Cu- 
cuta); pallidiventris Osgood, a synonym. Yepes, 
1945:61 VENEZUELA: Yaracuy (San Felipe); 
palliviventris Osgood, a synonym. 

Marmosa robinsoni casta: Handley and Gordon, 
1979:70 VENEZUELA: Falcon (La Pastora; Mir- 
imire; Cerro Socopo; Rio Socopito); Lara (Caserio 
Boro; La Concordia; Rib Tocuyo); Trujillo (La Cei- 
ba; Valera); Barinas (Altamira); Carabobo (Urama; 
San Estaban; Montalban); Aragua (Ocumare [ = 
Ocumare de la Costa]); Miranda (Curupao; San 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



67 



Andres); Nueva Esparto (Isla Margarita). Gardner, 
1993:18 listed. 

Marmosa mitis pallidiventris Osgood, 1912:39 CO- 
LOMBIA: Norte de Santander (type locality, El 
Guayabal [= Guayabal], 10 mi N of Cucuta: ho- 
lotype, female, skin and skull, FMNH 18692. col- 
lected 14 March 191 1 by W. H. Osgood and S. G. 
Jewett). Gardner. 1993:18 listed. 

Marmosa phaea: J. A. Allen (part, not Thomas, 
1 899), 1 9 1 2a:73 misidentification. 

Marmosa murina zeledoni: J. A. Allen (not Goldman, 
1911), 191 2a:73 misidentification. 

Marmosa isthmica Goldman, 1912:1 PANAMA: 
(type locality, Rio Indio, near Gatiin, Colon; holo- 
type, male, skin and skull, USNM no. 170969. col- 
lected 16 February 1911 by Edward A. Goldman). 
J. A. Allen, 191 6a:200 COLOMBIA: Valle del 
Cauca (San Jose, coast; Las Lomitas [= Lomitas]). 
Anthony, 1916:363 PANAMA. Enders. 1935: 
385 PANAMA: Colon/Panama (Barro Colorado 
Island [= Barro Colorado]). Gardner, 1993:18 
listed. 

Marmosa mexicana isthmica: Goldman, 1917:109. 
Enders, 1930:282 PANAMA: Colon/Panama 
(Barro Colorado). 

Marmosa ruatanica isthmica: Tate, 1933:125 PAN- 
AMA: Chiriqui (Boquete); Colon (Gatun, Rio In- 
dio; Lago Gatiin); Colon/Panama (Isla Barro Col- 
orado); Darien (El Real de Santa Maria. Rio Tuyra; 
Tapaliza. near Cerro Tacarcuna; Cerro Tacarcuna; 
Santa Cruz de Cana [= Cana]); Panama (Maxon 
Ranch, Rio Trinidad); COLOMBIA: Antiquia (Me- 
dellin); Choco (Condoto); Cauca (San Jose, coast); 
Valle del Cauca (Los Lomitas [= Lomitas]). Tate 
(part, not Goldman), 1933:125 COLOMBIA: 
(Tusma, Rio Magdalena, not located). 

Marmosa mitis isthmica: Hershkovitz. 1951:552 
classification. 

Marmosa robinsoni isthmica: Cabrera, 1958:24 
classification. 

Marmosa mimetra Thomas, 1921a:521 ECUADOR: 
Pichincha (type locality, Santo Domingo de los Co- 
lorados, 1600 ft [= 500 m]; holotype, male, skin 
and skull. BMNH 15.1.1.54, collected 19 July 1914 
by Gilbert Hammond). Gardner, 1993:18 listed. 

Marmosa ruatanica mimetra: Tate, 1933:126 EC- 
UADOR: Pichincha (Santo Domingo de los Color- 
ados; Baeza; Nanegal: Mindo; Gualea); Guayas 
(Balzar: Cerro Manglaralto); Los Rids (Vinces): 
Chimborazo (Puente de Chimbo); Imbabura (Par- 
amba; Chota); Esmeraldas (San Javier; Caronde- 
let); Manabi (El Destino, Rio Cuaque [= Rio 
Coaque]; Rio Briceno; Bahia de Caraquez); El Oro 
(Santa Rosa). 

Marmosa mitis mimetra: Hershkovitz, 1951:552 
classification. 

Marmosa murina waterhousei: Tate (part, not Tomes, 
1860), 1933:103 COLOMBIA: Cundinamarca 
(Paime, '"Rio Meta" [Rio Minero]; Bogota; Fusa- 
gasuga. W of Bogota); VENEZUELA: Merida (La 
Azulita, S of Lake Maracaibo). 

Marmosa mitis luridavolta Goodwin, 1961:5 TRIN- 
IDAD AND TOBAGO: (type locality, Speyside, 2 
mi inland from Tyrrel's Bay; holotype, male, skin 
and skull, AMNH 184848; collected 19 March 



1960 by Franklin Thurab). Gardner, 1993:18 list- 
ed. 

Holotype Male, skin and skull, MCZ 7749; 
collected 12 July 1895 by Lt. Wirt Robinson. 

Type Locality Margarita Island [= Isla Mar- 
garita], Nueva Esparta, Venezuela. 

Distribution (Fig. 34) Gulf coast of Belize. 
Isla Ruatan in Honduras, Panama south through 
northern and western Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, 
northern Venezuela, Trinidad and Tobago, and 
Grenada. 



Marmosa rubra Tate, 1931 

Marmosa rubra Tate. 1931:6 PERU: Loreto. Tate, 
1933:105 PERU: Loreto (Rio Curaray. mouth); 
ECUADOR: Napo (below San Jose Nuevo. near 
Mt. [= Volcan] Sumaco). Gardner. 1993:19 list- 
ed. Pacheco et al.. 1993:1 PERU: Madre de Dios 
(Pakitza): Cusco (Hacienda Villa Carmen). Mus- 
trangi and Patton. 1997:22 PERU: Amazonas 
(Huampami. Rio Cenepa). 

Holotype Female, skin and skull, AMNH 
71973, collected 7 December 1925 by Olalla 
Brothers. 

Type Locality Mouth of Rio Curaray, Lore- 
to, Peru. 

Distribution (Fig. 35) Northeastern Ecuador 
and Peru. 



Marmosa tyleriana Tate, 1931 

Marmosa tyleriana Tate, 1931:6. Tate. 1933:105 
VENEZUELA: Amazonas (Cerro Duida plateau). 
Tate. 1939:164 VENEZUELA: Amazonas (Cerro 
Duida, 4800-6900 ft [= 1500-2150 m]). Perez- 
Hernandez. 1989:369 VENEZUELA: Bolivar 
(Rio Marajano. Meseta de Jaua). Gardner, 1993: 
19 listed. 

Marmosa tyleriana phelpsi Tate, 1939:164 VENE- 
ZUELA: Bolivar (type locality. Auyan-tepui pla- 
teau. 1850 m: holotype. male, skin and skull. 
AMNH 130502. collected by G.H.H. Tate). Gard- 
ner. 1993:19 listed. 

Holotype Female, skin and skull, AMNH 
76983. collected 6 February 1929 by Olalla and 
Hermanos. 

Type Locality Central Camp, Cerro Duida 
plateau, upper Rio Orinoco, Amazonas, Venezue- 
la, altitude 4800 ft (= 1500 m). 

Distribution (Fig. 36) In Venezuela, the Cer- 
ro Duida plateau from 1500 m to 2200 m altitude 
in the state of Amazonas and the state of Bolivar. 



68 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 




Fig. 34. Distribution of Marmosa robinsoni in Central and South America: Belize and Isla Ruatan in Honduras; 
Panama south through Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru; also northern Venezuela, Trinidad, Tobago, and Grenada. = 
localities given in published records. 



Marmosa xerophila Handley and Gordon, 
1979 

Marmosa xerophila Handley and Gordon, 1979:68 
COLOMBIA: La Guajira (type locality, La Isla; 
near Cojoro, 34-37 km NNE Paraguaipoa in Zulia, 
Venezuela, 5-15 m); VENEZUELA: Falcon (Ca- 
patarida; Pueblo Nuevo, Peninsula de Paraguana, 
13-90 m). Gardner, 1993:19 listed. 

Holotype Adult male, skin and skull, USNM 
443819, collected 28 June 1968 by N. E. Peterson, 
F. B. Brown, Jr., and J. O. Matson. 

Type Locality La Isla, near Cojoro, 37 km 
NNE of Paraguaipoa, La Guajira, Colombia, ele- 
vation 5-15 m. 

Distribution (Fig. 37) Northeastern Colom- 
bia and northwestern Venezuela. 



Genus Marmosops Matschie, 1916 

Marmosops Matschie, 1916:262, 267. 270 Didel- 
phis incana type by original designation. Reig, 



1958:274 (footnote), recognized as a valid subge- 
nus equivalent to the Marmosa noctivaga group of 
Tate. Gardner, 1993:19 listed. 

Type Species Didelphis incana Lund, 1838: 
237, by original designation. 

Distribution (Fig. 38) Neotropical region 
from Panama south to Parana, Brazil. 

Comments Previously in Marmosa {sensu 
lato; see Gardner & Creighton, 1989, p. 3). 



Marmosops bishopi (Pine, 1981) 

Marmosa parvidens bishopi Pine, 1981:63 BRA- 
ZIL: Mato Grosso (Xavantina [= Chavantina]), 
264 km N, Serra do Roncador. Gardner, 1993:20 
listed. 

Marmosa bishopi: Voss et al., 2001:48 BRAZIL: 
Mato Grosso (Xavantina [= Chavantina]); BOLIV- 
IA: La Paz (provisionally referred to M. bishopi); 
PERU: Huanuco (Montealegre) (provisionally re- 
ferred to M. bishopi). 

Holotype Adult female, skin and skull, 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



69 




80 70 60" ~5Q S 40^ 30 

Fig. 35. Distribution of Marmosa rubra: eastern Ecuador and Peru. = localities given in published records. 



USNM 393535, collected by R. H. Pine, field 
number 5157. 

Type Locality Xavantina [= Chavantina], 
264 km N; Serra do Roncador, Mato Grosso, Bra- 
zil, altitude ca. 1750 ft. 

Distribution (Fig. 39) Known only from 
Mato Grosso, Brazil, Huanuco, Peru, and La Paz, 
Bolivia. 



Marmosops cracens Handley and Gordon, 
1979 

Marmosops cracens Handley and Gordon, 1979:68 
VENEZUELA: Falcon (La Pastora, 150 m). Gard- 
ner, 1993:19 listed. 

Marmosops cracens: Perez-Hernandez, 1989:365 
VENEZUELA: Falcon (Mirimire, 5 km N and 13 
km E, near La Pastora), 170 m. 

Type Locality La Pastora, 14 km ENE Mir- 
imire, 125-170 m, Falcon, Venezuela. 

Holotype Young adult male, skin and skull, 
USNM 418503, collected 11 November 1967 by 
E. Peterson, F. P. Brown, Jr., and J. O. Matson. 



Distribution (Fig. 40)- 
con in Venezuela. 



-Known only from Fal- 



Marmosops dorothea (Thomas, 1911) 

Marmosa dorothea Thomas, 191 la:516 BOLIVIA: 
La Paz (Rio Solocame, Rio Bopi; Mapiri). Gardner, 
1993:19 listed. 

[Marmosops] dorothea: Matschie, 1916:271 classi- 
fication. 

Marmosops dorothea: Mustrangi and Patton, 1997: 
21 BOLIVIA: Santa Cruz (Santa Cruz, 15 km S 
of Tita). Anderson, 1997:151 BOLIVIA: La Paz 
(Serrania Bella Vista; La Reserva; Chijchijpa; Rio 
Solocame; Pitiguaya); Santa Cruz (Ascencion, 6 
km S; San Ramon, 10 km N; Palmarito, Rib San 
Julian; San Miguel Rincon; Cerro Hosana; Buena- 
vista; Buena Vista, 4 km SW; Santa Rosita; Esta- 
cion Pailon, 3.5 km W; Cerro Amboro, Rib Piti- 
sama; El Palmar Road, 7 km SE of Santa Cruz; 
Ayacucho; Santa Cruz, 15 km S; Las Lomitas; San- 
ta Cruz, 27 km SE; Ingeniero Mora, 1 km E and 3 
km N; Hacienda Pelicano; Tita). 

Marmosa noctivaga dorothea: Tate, 1933:160 BO- 
LIVIA: La Paz (Rio Solocame, Rib Bopi; Mapiri, 
near Rio Beni, 2000 ft [= 625 m]). 

Marmosa yungasensis Tate, 1931:7 BOLIVIA: La 



70 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 




Fig. 36. Distribution of Marmosa tyleriana: states of Amazonas and Bolivar in Venezuela. = localities given 
in published records. 



Paz (type locality, Pitiguaya [= La Florida], Rio 
Unduavi, Yungas; holotype, female, skin and skull, 
AMNH 72558, collected 10 May 1926 by G.H.H. 
Tate). Tate, 1933:160 BOLIVIA: La Paz (Piti- 
guaya [- La Florida]). Gardner, 1993:19 listed. 

Marmosa ocellata Tate, 1931:7 BOLIVIA: Santa 
Cruz (type locality, Buenavista, 500 m; holotype, 
old adult male, skin and skull, BMNH 26.1.5.25, 
collected 6 August 1924 by J. Steinbach). Tate, 
1933:162 BOLIVIA: Santa Cruz (Buenavista). 
Gardner, 1993:19 listed. 

Marmosa dorothea ocellata: Anderson et al., 1993: 
17 BOLIVIA: Santa Cruz (San Miguel Rincon; 
Buenavista; Santa Rosita; Camino El Palmar, 7 km 
SW of Santa Cruz; Ayacucho; Cerro Hosana). 



Holotype Female, skin and skull, BMNH 
1.6.7.79, collected 26 January 1901 by P. O. Si- 
mons. 

Type Locality "Rio Solocame," 16S, 67W, 
La Paz, Bolivia, elevation 2300 m. 

Distribution (Fig. 41) In Bolivia in the states 
of La Paz and Santa Cruz. 



Marmosops fuscatus (Thomas, 1896) 

Marmosa fuscata Thomas, 1896:313. J. A. Allen, 
1911:246 VENEZUELA: Carabobo (La Cumbre 
de Valencia, 5000 ft [= 1560 m]). Tate, 1933: 
172 VENEZUELA: Merida (La Azulita; Rio Al- 
barregas; Merida); Carabobo (La Cumbre de Va- 
lencia); COLOMBIA: Cundinamarca (Fusagasu- 
ga); Quindio (El Roble); perfusca Thomas, a syn- 
onym. Tate, 1947:65 VENEZUELA: Aragua 
(Rancho Grande). Handley, 1 976:6 VENEZUE- 
LA: Trujillo (Hacienda Misisi'); Carabobo (La 
Copa); Aragua (Estacion Biologica de Rancho 
Grande); Distrito Federal (Los Venados; Alto No 
Leon [= No Leon]); Distrito Federal-Miranda 
(Pico Avila); Miranda (Curapao; Instituto Venezo- 
lano de Investigaciones Cientificas, 15 km SW of 
Caracas); Monagas (San Agustin). Reig et al., 1977: 
201 VENEZUELA: Aragua (Rancho Grande); Mi- 
randa (Altos de Pipe, Instituto Venezolano de In- 
vestigaciones Cientificas [IVIC]). Handley and 
Gordon, 1979:67 VENEZUELA: Merida (La 
Azulita; Merida; Rio Albarregas; Cafetos de Milla 
[= Cafetal de Milla]); Trujillo (Hacienda MisisQ; 
Carabobo (La Cumbre de Valencia; La Copa); Ar- 
agua (Estacion Biologica de Rancho Grande); Dis- 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



71 




Fig. 37. Distribution of Mannosa xerophila: northeastern Colombia and northwestern Venezuela. = localities 
given in published records. 



trito Federal (Los Venados; El Junquito; Alto No 
Leon [= No Leon]); Distrito Federal-Miranda 
(Pico Avila); Miranda (Curupao; Institute Vene- 
zolano de Investigaciones Cientificas [IVIC]. 15 
km SW Caracas); Sucre (Cerro Papelon); Monagas 
(San Agustin; Santa Ines); TRINIDAD AND TO- 
BAGO: St. Andrew (Cumaca [= Cumacca]; Sangre 
Grande, Rib Grande Forest); St. David (St. Agus- 
tine); Caroni (Caparo). O'Connell, 1979:77 
VENEZUELA: Miranda-Guarico (Parque Nacional 
Guatopo). Eisenberg et al.. 1979:191 VENEZUE- 
LA: Miranda-Guarico (Parque Nacional Guatopo). 
Perez-Hernandez, 1 989:366 VENEZUELA Dis- 
trito Federal (Parque Nacional *'E1 Avila"; El 
Eden, Parque Nacional "El Avila"; Cerro El Avila: 
Corozal, Parque Nacional El Avila; El Junquito: 
Carretera El Junquito: Carretera Caracas, La Co- 
lonia Tovar, km 40; Sabaneta, cerca de El Junqui- 
to); Aragua (Estacion Biologica de Rancho Grande. 
Parque Nac. "Henry Pittier": Rancho Grande [ = 
Estacion Biologica de Rancho Grande]: La Quinta. 
Rancho Grande: Palo de Vaca, Rancho Grande; 
Pica Periquito, El Portachuelo, Rancho Grande; 
Don Ramon, Rancho Grande; Guamitas. Rancho 
Grande; Pantoja, Carretera Maracay-Ocumare; 
Guacamaya, Rancho Grande); Merida (San Euse- 
bio, Carbonera); Miranda (Los Teques; Altos de 



Pipe, IVIC; Carrizales via Acuario "Augustin Cod- 
azzi"). Gardner. 1993:19 listed. 

[Mannosops] fuscata: Matschie, 1916:270 listed. 

Thylamys carri J. A. Allen and Chapman. 1897:27 
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO: Caroni (type locali- 
ty, Caparo; holotype. male, skin and skull, AMNH 
7314/5922, collected 20 March 1894 by Frank M. 
Chapman). Gardner. 1993:19 listed. 

[Tylomys] Carri: Trouessart. 1897:520 incorrect 
subsequent spelling for Thylamys carri, classified 
as Rodentia. 

[Mannosa] Carri: Trouessart, 1898:1240 classifica- 
tion. 

Mannosa carri: Tate, 1933:170 TRINIDAD AND 
TOBAGO: Caroni (Caparo). Vesey-Fitzgerald. 
1936:6 TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO: St. George 
(Maracas Valley). 

Mannosa fuscata carri: Goodwin, 1961:14 TRINI- 
DAD AND TOBAGO: Caroni (Caparo): St. David 
(St. Agustine): St. Andrew (Sangre Grande: Cu- 
maca [Cumacca]); Arima (Arima). 

Mannosa perfusca Thomas. 1924a:236 COLOM- 
BIA: Cundinamarca (type locality. Fusagasuga; 
holotype. male, skin and skull, BMNH 23.1 1.13.18, 
collected September 1923 by Niceforo Maria). 
Tate, 1933:173 and footnote type a female, not 



72 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 




20 10 0" 



Fig. 38. Distribution of the genus Marmosops: Panama in Central America, throughout northern South America, 
south through Bolivia and Parana, Brazil. = localities given in published records. 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



73 




20 - 



Fig. 39. Distribution of Mannosops bishopi: known only from Brazil. Bolivia (not shown), and Peru. = localities 
given in published records. 



male; regarded as a synonym of fuscata Thomas. 
Gardner. 1993:19 listed. 
[?]Mannosa caucae caucae: Tate (part, not Thomas). 
1933:178 COLOMBIA: Cundinamarca (Bogata; 
Fusagasuga, near Bogota). 



Type Locality Valdivia, 9 km S, Antioquia, 
Colombia, at 1400 m. 

Distribution (Fig. 43) Known only from 
Cordillera Central in Antioquia, Colombia. 



Holotype Female, skin and skull, BMNH 
96.1 1.1.6; collected 6 April 1896 by Salamon Bri- 
ceno Gabaldon. 

Type Locality Rio Albarregas, Merida, Ve- 
nezuela, 1630 m altitude. 

Distribution (Fig. 42) The eastern Andes of 
Colombia, northern Venezuela, and Trinidad and 
Tobago. 



Marmosops handleyi Pine, 1981 

Mannosops handleyi Pine, 1981:67 COLOMBIA: 
Antioquia (Valdivia, 1400 m). Gardner. 1983:19 
listed, synonymy. 

Holotype Adult female, skin, skull and skel- 
eton, FMNH 69838, collected 16 June 1950 by 
Philip Hershkovitz. 



Marmosops impavidus (Tschudi, 1844) 

D[idelphys] impavida Tschudi. 1844:14. 149. 151 
PERU: (type locality, '"mitteren und tiefen Waldre- 
gion." not over 3500 ft [= 1090 m] elevation, and 
between 10 and 12S). Thomas. 1927:607 type 
lost; "had best be considered as a synonym of noc- 
tivaga." Gardner. 1983:19 listed. 

Didelphys impavida: Waterhouse. 1846:526. Mat- 
schie. 1916:263. 272 holotype said to be in Berlin 
Zoological Museum, mounted skin no. 3375. skull 
no. 24771. 

[Marmosa] impavida: Trouessart. 1898:1239 listed 
in synonymy of Marmosa murina. 

M[armosa] impavida: Cabrera. 1912:146 ECUA- 
DOR: Napo (Rio Coca). 

Marmosa impavida: Osgood. 1914b: 149 PERU: 
Lorero (Yurimaguas). Osgood. 1915:188 PERU: 
Junin (specimens from San Ramon. Rio Chancha- 
mayo. regarded as topotypical). Thomas. 1920c: 
248 PERU: Cusco (Torontoy. 8000 ft [= 2500 



74 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 




80 70 60 50 W 30 

Fig. 40. Distribution of Marmosops cracens: northern Venezuela. = localities given in published records. 



m]). Handley, 1966:755 PANAMA: Darien (Cer- 
ro Pirre, 5300 ft [= 1650 m]; Loma Cana). Hand- 
ley, 1976:7 VENEZUELA: Tdchira (Buena Vis- 
ta). Handley and Gordon, 1979:68 COLOMBIA: 
Valle del Cauca (Rio Cauquita, near Cali, 1000 m); 
La Guajira (Sierra Negra, near Villanueva); VEN- 
EZUELA: Tdchira (Buena Vista, near Paramo de 
Tama, 2380-2415 m). Perez-Hernandez, 1989: 
366 VENEZUELA: Tachira (Betania, Junin; Cer- 
ro Las Copas, La Revancha; San Cristobal [= Bue- 
na Vista], 35 km S and 22 km W); Amazonas (Cer- 
ro La Neblina). Anderson et al., 1993:16 BOLIV- 
IA: Santa Cruz (Caranda). 

Marmosa impavida impavida: Cabrera, 1958:16 
PERU: Junin (Pueblo Nuevo [= Montana Vitoc], 
Cerca de Chanchamayo) ucayaliensis Tate, a syn- 
onym. 

Marmosops impavidus: Pacheco et al., 1993 PERU: 
Cusco (above San Pedro). Anderson, 1997:153 
BOLIVIA: Beni (Embocada); Cochabamba (Inca- 
chaca); La Paz (Caranavi, 20 km NNE); Pando (In- 
dependencia); Santa Cruz (Caranda). Patton et al., 
2000:53 BRAZIL: Amazonas (Barro Vermelho, 
left bank Rio Jurua; Seringal Condor, left bank Rio 
Jurua; Altamira, right bank Rio Jurua; Coloca?ao 
Vira-Volta, left bank Rio Jurua); Acre (Igarape Po- 
rongaba, right bank Rio Jurua); BOLIVIA: Santa 
Cruz (Tita). 

Marmosa caucae Thomas, 1900c:221 COLOMBIA: 



Valle del Cauca (type locality, Rio Cauquita, Cali, 
1000 m; holotype, male, skin and skull, BMNH 
99.9.6.51; collected August 1897 by J. M. Batty). 
Gardner, 1993:19 listed. 

Thylamys caucae: J. A. Allen, 1912a:73 COLOM- 
BIA: Valle del Cauca (San Antonio, 7000 ft [ = 
2180 m]). J. A. Allen, 1 9 16a:201 COLOMBIA: 
Valle del Cauca (San Antonio); Narino (Ricaurte, 
5000 ft [= 1560 m]); Quindio (near Salento); Cun- 
dinamarca (El Roble). 

[Marmosops] caucae: Matschie, 1916:270 listed. 

Marmosa caucae caucae: Tate, 1933:178 COLOM- 
BIA: Narino (Ricaurte, 5000 ft [= 1560 m]); Valle 
del Cauca (San Antonio, Rio Cauca, near Cali, 
7000 ft [= 2180 m]; Rio Cauquita, near Cali); 
Quindio (western Quindio, not located, 9000 ft [= 
2800 m]). 

[l]Marmosa caucae caucae: Tate (part, not Thomas, 
1900), 1933:178 COLOMBIA: Cundinamarca 
(Mambita, upper Rio Meta, eastern Cundinamarca: 
Medina, upper Rio Meta, eastern Cundinamarca; 
Fusagasuga; Bogota); Meta (Guaicaramo, upper 
Rio Meta); ECUADOR: Napo (Baeza; Palmera, 
Rio Pastaza, not located; San Antonio, Rio Ulva; 
San Jose de Sumaco [= San Jose Nuevo]). 

Marmosa impavida caucae: Cabrera, 1958:16 clas- 
sification. 

Marmosa sobrina Thomas, 1913c:573 ECUADOR: 
Pichincha (type locality, Mindo, NW of Quito, 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



75 



Marmosops dorothea 




Fig. 41. Distribution of Marmosops dorothea: west of Rio Beni in La Paz and east of Santa Cruz. Bolivia. 
localities given in published records. 



4200 ft [= 1300 m]: holotvpe. male, skin and skull. 
BMNH 13.10.24.70. collected 3 July 1913 by Gil- 
bert Hammond). Gardner. 1993:19 listed. 

[Marmosops] sobrina: Matschie. 1916:270 classifi- 
cation. 

Marmosa caucae sobrina: Tate. 1933:179 ECUA- 
DOR: Pichincha (Mindo: Santo Domingo de los 
Colorados): Chimborazo (Rio Chanchan: Puente de 
Chimbo: Pallatanga): Guayas (Ventura). 

Marmosa madescens Osgood. 1913b:94 PERU: 
Amazonas (tvpe localitv. Tambo Ventija [= Yentil- 
la]. 9000 ft [= 2800 m]; holotvpe. male, skin and 
skull. FMNH 19689. collected 15 June 1912 by W. 
H. Osgood and M. P. Anderson). Osgood. 1914b: 
149 PERU: San Martin (Tambo Almirante. near 
Uchco [= Uscho]): Amazonas (Tambo Ventija [ = 
Ventilla]): San Martin (Puca Tambo: Moyobamba). 
Thomas. 1927a:375 PERU: Amazonas (San Ni- 
colas [= Mendoza]. 4500 ft [= 1400 m]). Thomas. 
1928a:265 PERU: Loreto (Contamana. Rio Uca- 
vali: San Jeronimo. Rio Ucayali). Gardner. 1993: 
19 listed. 

[Marmosops] madescens: Matschie. 1916:270 clas- 
sification. 

Marmosa caucae madescens: Tate. 1933:181 
PERU: Cajamarca (Taulis. west of Cajamarca. 
9000 ft [= 2800 m]): San Martin (Moyobamba: 
Puca Tambo: Yurac Yacu: Uchco [= Uscho]. 5000 



ft [= 1560 m]): Amazonas (Tambo Ventija [= Ven- 
tilla]). 

Marmosa impavida madescens: Cabrera. 1958:16 
classification. 

Marmosa oroensis Anthony. 1922:3 ECUADOR: El 
Oro (type locality. Portovelo. 2000 ft [= 625 m]: 
holotvpe. male, skin and skull. AMNH 47180. col- 
lected 2 September 1920 bv H. E. Anthonv). Gard- 
ner. 1993:19 listed. 

Marmosa caucae oroensis: Tate. 1933:180 ECUA- 
DOR: El Oro (Portovelo: Alamor [now in Loja]: 
Guainche. Alamor [now in Loja]: Salvias; Tunama. 
near Alamor [now in Loja]): Loja (Celica. 6900 ft 
[= 2150 m]): celicae Anthony, a synonym. 

Marmosa impavida oroensis: Cabrera. 1958:17 
classification. 

Marmosa celicae Anthony. 1922:4 ECUADOR: 
Loja (type locality. Celica. 6900 ft [= 2150 m]: 
holotype. male, skin and skull. AMNH 47128. col- 
lected 28 September 1920 by H. E. Anthony). 
Gardner. 1 993 : 1 9 listed. 

Marmosa caucae ucayaliensis Tate. 1931:9 PERU: 
Ucayali (type locality. Lagarto. Rio Ucayali. 25 m 
below mouth of Rio Tambo: holotvpe. male, skin 
and skull. AMNH 78952. collected 20 March 1928 
by Olalla and Sons): PERU: Ucayali (Lagarto. Rio 
Ucayali): Loreto (San Jeronimo. Rio Ucayali: Con- 
tamana. Rio Ucavali: Leguia. Rio Pachitea. not lo- 



76 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 




20-' 



Fig. 42. Distribution of Marmosops fuscatus: west-central Colombia, north and east through northern Venezuela, 
Trinidad and Tobago. = localities given in published records. 



cated; Rio Curaray, mouth at Rio Napo). Gardner, 
1993:19 listed. 

Marmosa caucae albiventris Tate, 1931:9 PERU: 
Cusco (type locality, Torontoy, 8000 ft [= 2500 m]; 
holotype, male, skin and skull, USNM 194378, col- 
lected 30 April 1915 by E. Heller). Tate, 1933: 
182 PERU: Cusco (Torontoy). Gardner, 1993: 
19 listed. 

Marmosa impavida albiventris: Cabrera, 1958:16 
classification. 

Marmosa albiventris: Mustrangi and Patton, 1997: 
22 PERU: Cusco (Amaybamba, 2 km NE and 3 
km E, Lucumayo Valley; Paucartambo, 72 km NE). 

[?]Marmosa fuscata Tate (?part, not Thomas, 1896), 
1933:172 COLOMBIA: Cundinamarca (El Ro- 
ble). 

Holotype None designated. Cotype is said to 
be in Berlin Zoological Museum, mounted skin 
no. 3375, skull no. 24771. 

Type Locality "Der mittleren und tiefen 
Waldregion," not over 1061 m and between 10 
and 12S, interpreted by Cabrera, 1958:16, as 
"Montana de Vitoc, circa de Chanchamayo, Ju- 
nin, Peru." 

Distribution (Fig. 44) Mountains of western 



Panama to Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia, 
and western Brazil, with an isolated population in 
Tachira and Amazonas, Venezuela. 



Marmosops incanus (Lund, 1840) [preprint of 
Lund, 1841] 

Didelphis incana Lund, 1839:233 nomen nudum; 
Lund, 1841:236-238, 265, 293. Lund, 1842:133, 
199 BRAZIL: Minas Gerais (Lagoa Santa). Wa- 
terhouse, 1846:503. Gardner, 1993:19 listed. 

D[idelphvs] incana: Wagner, 1845:40 description ex 
Lund. Thomas, 1 894b: 1 84 BRAZIL: Minas Ger- 
ais; Rio de Janeiro; not a synonym of Didelphys 
grisea Desmarest. 

M[armosa] incana: Thomas, 1896:313 (footnote) 
Didelphys grisea Thomas (not Desmarest) of Cat. 
Mus. B. M. p. 349. 

Marmosa incana: Miranda Ribeiro, 1935:37 BRA- 
ZIL: Rio de Janeiro (Teresopolis). Cabrera, 1958: 
17 classification; synonyms, bahiensis Tate, pau- 
lensis Tate. Avila Pires and Gouvea, 1977:9 
BRAZIL: Minas Gerais (Lagoa Santa); Rio de Ja- 
neiro (Monte Serrat). da Fonseca and Kierluff, 
1988:114 BRAZIL: Minas Gerais (Fazenda 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



77 



Marmosops handleyi 




1500 km 



30 



Fig. 43. Distribution of Marmosops handleyi: known only from Antioquia, Colombia. = locality given in 
published records. 



Montes Claros: Fazenda Esmeralda; Rio Doce State 
Park [= Parque Estadual do Rio Doce]). Stallings, 
1988:174 BRAZIL: Minas Gerais (Rio Doce 
State Park [= Parque Estadual do Rio Doce]). 
Tribe, 1990:566-567 BRAZIL: Minas Gerais 
(Alem Parafba); Bahia (Lamarao); Rio de Janeiro 
(Teresopolis). 

Marmosops incana: Matschie, 1916:271 BRAZIL: 
Minas Gerais (Lagoa Santa). 

Marmosops incanus: Mustrangi and Patton, 1997: 
19 BRAZIL: Bahia (Lamarao; Serrinha; Sao 
Goncalo dos Campos, 30 km SW of Feira de San- 
tana; Seabra; Jequie; Jaguaquara; Itabuna, 25 km 
W of Ilheus; Ilheus; Porto Seguro); Minas Gerais 
(Mocambinho, Manga, Rio Sao Francisco; Fabiao, 
Itacarambi, Rio Peruacu; Parque Florestal Estadual 
de Jafba, Jaiba; Grota Grande, Turmalina; Parque 
Nacional de Serra do Cipo, Jaboticatubas, in south- 
ern Serra do Espinhaco; Conceicao do Mato Den- 
tro, Serra do Espinhaco; Lagoa Santa; Esta^ao de 
Pesquisas de Peti; Sao Goncalo do Rio Abaixo; 
Parque Estadual do Rio Doce, Marlieria; Estacao 
Biologica de Caratinga, Fazenda Montes Claros, 
Caratinga; Parque Nacional de Caparao, Serra do 
Caparao; Fervedouro; Alem Parafba; Volta Grande; 
Juiz de Fora; Porto Novo; Simao Pereira); Espirito 
Santo (Reserva Florestal Companhia Vale do Rio 
Doce, Linhares; Estacao Biologica de Santa Lucia, 



Santa Tereza; Reserva Biologica Nova Lombardia, 
Santa Tereza; Rio Sao Jose; Aracruz Florestal, Ar- 
acruz; Campinho); Rio de Janeiro (Teresopolis, 
Serra dos Orgaos; Mendes; Sao Joao Marcos; 
Parque Estadual da Pedra Branca; Floresta da Ti- 
juca and Silvestre, Rio de Janeiro; Reserva Biolo- 
gica de Tingua, Nova Iguagu; Ibicuf, Mangaratiba; 
Angra dos Reis; Ilha Grande, Angra do Reis; 
Parque Nacional do Itatiaia, Itatiaia, Serra da Man- 
tiqueira); Sao Paulo (Estagao Biologica de Bora- 
ceia, Salesopolis, Serra do Mar; Sao Sebastiao; Ilha 
de Sao Sebastiao; Caucaia do Alto, Cotia; Sao Pau- 
lo; Fazenda Intervales [base do Carmo]; Capao Bo- 
nito, Serra de Paranapiacaba). 

Marmosa incana incana: Tate, 1933:164 BRAZIL: 
Minas Gerais (Lagoa Santa; Mandi, Lagoa Santa). 

Grymaeomys incanus Burmeister, 1856:83. 

M[armosa] incanus: Thomas, 1894b: 186 (in text) 
classification. 

Grymaeomys scapulatus Burmeister, 1856:79 BRA- 
ZIL: Minas Gerais (type locality, Lagoa Santa; ho- 
lotype, male, skin and skull, Berlin Museum, skin 
no. 2330, skull no. 26000; collected by Ignatz von 
Olfers). Gardner, 1993:19 listed. Mustrangi, 
1994:252 BRAZIL: Sao Paulo (Intervales Bio- 
logical Reserve). 

Marmosa scapulatus: Tate, 1933:167 BRAZIL: Mi- 
nas Gerais (holotype). 



78 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



500 1000 1500 km 




30 

Fig. 44. Distribution of Marmosops impavidus: in South America from Colombia south through Ecuador, Peru, 
Bolivia, and northwestern Brazil, with an isolated population in Venezuela. = localities given in published records. 



[Marmosops] scapulata: Matschie, 1916:271 listed. 

[Marmosa] scapanus: Trouessart, 1898:1238 incor- 
rect subsequent spelling- lapsus for scapulatus in 
synonymy of Marmosa cinerea. 

Didelphys cinerea: Thomas (part, not Temminck, 
1824), 1888b:342 part, scapulata in synonymy 
only. 

Didelphys grisea: Lydekker (not Desmarest, 1827), 
1887:281. Thomas, 1888b:349 part, BRAZIL: 
Rio de Janeiro. 

Grymaeomys griseus: Winge (not Desmarest, 1827), 
1893:6, 12 BRAZIL: Minas Gerais (Lagoa San- 
ta). 

Micoureus griseus: Goeldi (not Desmarest, 1827), 
1894:461 BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro (Serra dos Or- 
gaos). 

Marmosa incana bahiensis Tate, 1931:8 BRAZIL: 
Bahia (type locality, Lamarao; holotype, male, skin 
and skull, BMNH 3.9.5.137, collected 1903 by A. 
Robert). Tate, 1933:165 BRAZIL: Bahia (Lamar- 
ao). Gardner, 1993:19 listed. 



Distribution (Fig. 45) Eastern Brazil from 
Bahia south to Parana. 



Marmosops invictus (Goldman, 1912) 

Marmosa invicta Goldman, 1912:3. Tate, 1933:171 
PANAMA: Darien (Cana). Handley, 1966:755 
PANAMA: Darien (Tacarcuna Laguna). Handley 
and Gordon, 1979:68 PANAMA: Bocas del Toro 
(Cylindro, 1220+ m); Panama (Cerro Azul, 640 
m); Darien (Cerro Tacarcuna, 1464 m; La Laguna, 
975 m; Casita, 458 m; Cana, 610 m). Pine, 1981: 
66 PANAMA: Panama (Cerro Azul); Darien 
(Cerro Tacarcuna, 4800 ft [= 1500 m]; Tacarcuna 
Laguna Camp, 4000 ft [= 1250 m]; Tacarcuna Ca- 
sita Camp, 2700 ft [= 840 m]; Cana). Gardner, 
1993:19 listed. 

[Marmosops] invicta: Matschie, 1916:270 PANA- 
MA: Darien (Cana). 



Holotype Two cotypes, males, no. 223 (in 
spirits); male skin no. 224 and skull in Copen- 
hagen Museum, collected by P. W. Lund. 

Type Locality Lagoa Santa, Minas Gerais, 
Brazil. 



Holotype Male, skin and skull, USNM 
178708; collected 14 March 1912 by E. A. Gold- 
man. 

Type Locality Cana, Darien, Panama, alti- 
tude 2000 ft (= 625 m). 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



79 




Fig. 45. Distribution of Marmosops incanus: eastern Brazil from Bahia south to Parana. 
published records. 



10 

localities given in 



Distribution (Fig. 46) Panama. 



Marmosops juninensis (Tate, 1931) 

Marmosa juninensis Tate, 1931:13 PERU: Junin 
(Utcuyacu, between Tarma and Chanchamayo). 
Tate, 1933:207 PERU: Junin (Utcuyacu). Gard- 
ner, 1993:20 listed. 

Marmosa parvidens juninensis: Pine, 1981:65 
PERU: Junin (Utcuyacu). 

Marmosops juninensis: Voss et al., 2001: 47 PERU: 
Junin (Utcuyacu, "4800 ft near Tarma"; Tarma). 

Holotype Female, skin and skull, AMNH 
63864, collected 15 November 1919 by H. Wat- 
kins. 

Type Locality Utcuyacu, between Tarma and 
Chanchamayo, altitude 4800 ft (= 1500 m). 

Distribution (Fig. 47) Known only from Ut- 
cuyacu in Junin, Peru. 



(Camp II, Camp VI, Camp VII, Camp XI, Cerro 
de La Neblina); Cerro da La Neblina. 

Marmosops impavidus neblina: Gardner, 1990:414 
VENEZUELA: Amazonas (Cerro de La Neblina). 

Marmosops neblina: Mustrangi and Patton, 1997: 
56 VENEZUELA: Amazonas (Cerro de La Neb- 
lina, Camp VII). Patton et al., 2000:53 BRAZIL: 
Acre (Igarape Parongaba; Nova Vida; Ocidente); 
Amazonas (Igarape Nova Empresa, left bank Rio 
Jurua; Altamira, right bank Rio Jurua; Altamira, 
opposite, left bank Rio Jurua; Jainu, right bank Rio 
Jurua); VENEZUELA: Amazonas (Cerro de La 
Neblina, Camp VII). 

Holotype Adult male, AMNH 560735; col- 
lected 5 February 1985 by Alfred L. Gardner. 

Type Locality Camp VII, Cerro de La Neb- 
lina, Amazonas, Venezuela, altitude 1800 m. 

Distribution (Fig. 48) Cerro de La Neblina 
in Amazonas, Venezuela and Rio Jurua region, 
Amazonas, Brazil. 



Marmosops neblina (Gardner, 1990) 

M[armosa] impavida neblina Gardner, 1988:698 
name cited as in press; VENEZUELA: Amazonas 



Marmosops noctivagus (Tschudi, 1845) 

D[idelph\s] noctivaga Tschudi, 1845:148. Gardner, 
1993:20 listed. 



80 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 




110 100 

Fig. 46. Distribution of Marmosops invictus: Panama in Central America. 
records. 



localities given in published 



Didelphys noctivaga: Waterhouse, 1846:527. 

[Marmosa] noctivaga: Trouessart, 1898:1238 listed 
in synonymy of Marmosa cinerea. Cabrera, 1913: 
12 classification. 

M[annosa] noctivaga: Thomas, 1920c:248 type ex- 
amined in Neuchatel Museum; impavida Tschudi 
regarded a synonym. 

Marmosa noctivaga: Thomas, 1926e:616 PERU: 
Amazonas (Tambo Carrizal). Thomas, 1927b:606 
PERU: Hudnuco (Chinchavito, 3000 ft [= 930 m]; 
Tingo Marfa, 2000 ft [= 625 m]); type examined; 
type of impavida lost, probably = noctivaga. 
Thomas, 1928b:294 part, PERU: Loreto (Pebas). 
Terborgh et al., 1984:27 PERU: Madre de Dios 
(Cocha Cashu Biological Station, Parque Nacional 
del Manu). Rageot and Albuja, 1994:176 EC- 
UADOR: Pastaza (Mera). 

[Marmosops] noctivaga: Matschie, 1916:270 listed. 

Marmosops noctivaga: Emmons, 1990:72 BOLIV- 
IA: La Paz (Ixiamas). Emmons and Romo, 1994: 
140 PERU: Madre de Dios (Ccolpa de Guaca- 
mayas). Emmons, Ascorra and Romo, 1994:146 
PERU: Madre de Dios ("Aguas Claras" Camp). 
Emmons, Barkley and Romo, 1994:144 PERU: 
Madre de Dios (Explorer's Inn Reserve). 

Marmosa noctivaga noctivaga: Tate, 1933:152 
PERU: Juni'n (Vitoc; Chanchamayo; San Ramon, 
Chanchamayo; Rio Cayumba, not located); Hudn- 
uco (Tingo Maria; Chinchavito; Rio Chinchao; Po- 
zuzo [now in Pasco]); Loreto (Pebas); ECUADOR: 
Tungurahua (Mirador, Rio Napo); Pastaza (Cane- 



los; Rio Copataza); Morona-Santiago (Gualaqui- 
za). Cabrera, 1958:22 classification. 

Marmosops noctivagus: Pacheco et al., 1993:5 
PERU: Cusco (Hacienda Villa Carmen; Pilcopata; 
Albergue Bosque de las Nubes at Puerte Union); 
Madre de Dios (Pakitza). Mustrangi and Patton, 
1997:21 BRAZIL: Amazonas (Penedo. right bank 
Rio Jurua). Patton et al., 2000:53 PERU: Cusco 
(Amaybamba, 2 km NE, Lucumayo Valley; Pau- 
cartambo); BRAZIL: Amazonas (Macaco, left bank 
Rio Jau; Tambor, left bank Rio Jau; Penedo, right 
bank Rio Jurua; Seringal Condor, left bank Rio Ju- 
rua; Lago Vai-Quem-Quer, right bank Rio Jurua); 
Acre (Igarape Porongaba, right bank Rio Jurua; 
Igarape Porongaba, opposite, left bank Rio Jurua; 
Nova Vida, right bank Rio Jurua); BOLIVIA: La 
Paz (Chijchijpa). 

Thylamys keaysi J. A. Allen, 1900b: 198 PERU. J. 
A. Allen, 1900c:219 PERU: Puno (type locality, 
Inca Mines, not Juliaca; holotype, male, skin and 
skull, AMNH 16068, collected 8 January 1900 by 
H. H. Keays). J. A. Allen, 1901a:42 PERU: Puno 
(Inca Mines, Rio Inambari). Gardner, 1993:20 
listed. 

[Marmosa] Keaysi: Trouessart, 1904:856 classifica- 
tion. 

Marmosa noctivaga keaysi: Tate, 1933:158 PERU: 
Puno (Inca Mines); Cusco (Marcapata, Rio Inam- 
bari; Machu Picchu); BOLIVIA: La Paz (Ticun- 
huaya, Rio Tipuani, 4800 ft [= 1500 m]); Cocha- 
bamba (Incachaca). Sanborn, 1951b:2 PERU: 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



81 



Marmosops junenensis 



500 1000 1500 km 




Fig. 47. Distribution of Marmosops juninensis: known only from Junin. Peru. = locality given in published 
records. 



Cusco (Hacienda Cadena. Quincemil). Anderson et 
ah. 1993:17 BOLIVIA: Santa Cruz (San Rafael 
de Amboro). Anderson. 1997:154 BOLIVIA: 
Beni (Embocada): Chuquisaca (Rio Limon): Co- 
chabamba (Yungas: Tablas Monte. 9.5 km NE: Ta- 
blas Monte. 4.4 km N): La Paz (Moira Camp: Alto 
Rio Madidi: Ixiamas: Mapiri: Ticunhuaya: Puerto 
Linares: Chijchijpa): Pando (Puerto Camacho. 15 
km NW: Palmira: Santa Rosa: Santa Rosa. 8 km 
S\V): Santa Cruz (Perseveranciai. 

Marmosa polita Cabrera. 1912:10 ECUADOR: 
Napo (type locality. Rib Coca, near mouth at Rio 
Napo: holotype. male, skin and skull. Museo de 
Ciencias Naturales. Madrid, no. 797. collected by 
Marcos Jimenez de la Espada). Cabrera. 1917:10 
ECUADOR: Sapo (Rio Coca). Gardner. 1993:20 
listed. 

Marmosa noctivaga polita: Tate. 1933:155 ECUA- 
DOR: Xapo (San Jose de Sumaco [= San Jose 
Nuevo]. ca. 3500 ft [= 1090 m]): PERU: Loreto 
(Rib Curaray. mouth: Orosa. mouth of Rib Napo): 
BR.AZIL: Amazonas (Santa Rita. Tabatinga: Igar- 
ape Cacao Pereira [= Cacau Pirera]. Rio Negro). 
Baker. 1974:135 ECUADOR. \apo (Limon^Co- 
cha [= Limoncocha]). 

Marmosa purui Miller. 1913:31 BRAZIL: Amazon- 
as (type locality. Iutanaa [= "Hyutanaham" = 



Huitanaa]: holotype. male, in alcohol, USNM 
105543: collected' March 1901 by J. B. Steere). 

[Thylamys] purui: Matschie. 1916:271 listed. 

Marmosa caucae purui: Tate. 1933:18-1 BRAZIL: 
Amazonas ("Hyutanaham" [= Huitanaa]. upper 
Rio Purus: Rosarinho. Lago Miguel. Rio Madeira). 

Marmosa impavida purui: Cabrera. 1958:17 classi- 
fication. 

Marmosa impavida neglecta Osgood. 1915:187 
PERU: Loreto (type locality. Yurimaguas. Rib 
Huallaga. 600 ft [= 180 m]: holotype. female, skin 
and skull. FMNH 19636. collected 28 September 
1912 bv M. R Anderson). Gardner. 1993:20 list- 
ed. 

M[armosa] noctivaga neglecta: Thomas. 1924c: 
358 classification. 

Marmosa noctivaga neglecta: Tate. 1933:159 
PERU: Loreto (Yurimaguas): Hudnuco (Tingo Ma- 
ria): "regarded as a red phase of the female sex of 
noctivaga."' 

Marmosa collega Thomas. 1920b:281 BRAZIL: 
Para (type locality. Villa Braga. Rib Tapajos: ho- 
lotype. male, skin and skull, BMNH 20.7.14.40: 
collected 7 June 1916 by Emilie Snethlage). Gard- 
ner. 1993:20 listed. 

Marmosa noctivaga collega: Tate. 1933:157 BRA- 



82 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 




20 



80 70 60 50* 3IT 30 

Fig. 48. Distribution of Marmosops neblina: Rio Jurua region of Amazonas, Brazil, and southern Venezuela. 
= localities given in published records. 



ZIL: Para (Villa Braga, Rio Tapajos). Avila Pires, 
1968:166 BRAZIL: Mato Grosso (Aripuana). 

Marmosa leucastra Thomas, 1927b:607 PERU: 
Amazonas (type locality, Tambo Carrizal, 40 mi S 
of Chachapoyas, 9000 ft [ = 2800 m]; Chachapoy- 
as). Tate, 1933:161 PERU: Amazonas (Tambo 
Carrizal; Chachapoyas; near Perico, Rio Maranon 
Valley, not located; may be Perico in Cajamarca). 
Gardner, 1993:20 listed. 

Marmosa stollei Miranda Ribeiro, 1936:261, 272 
BRAZIL: Amazonas (type locality, Rio Aripuanan 
[= Rio Aripuana], lower Rio Madeira; holotype, 
female taken from stomach of snake [Cenchris], 
collected by E. Stolle). Gardner, 1993:20 listed. 

Marmosa noctivaga lugenda Thomas, 1927a:373 
PERU: San Martin (type locality, Yurac Yacu; ho- 
lotype, male, skin and skull, BMNH 27.1.1.178, 
collected 2 July 1926 by R. W. Hendee). Tate, 
1933:157 PERU: San Martin (Yurac Yacu); EC- 
UADOR: Morona-Santiago (Guayabo, near Guala- 
quiza); Pastaza (Mera, Rio Pastaza). Gardner, 
1993:20 listed. 

Holotype Not known to be in existence; ac- 
cording to Tate (1933, Bull. AMNH 66:153), 
"Berlin 3375, a rather young female (?) with 
small teeth, marked as collected by Tschudi, is to 



be considered a co-type. None are to be found in 
Neuchatel. No others elsewhere." However, ac- 
cording to Matschie (1916:263, 272), the Berlin 
specimen is type of Didelphys impavida Tschudi. 

Type Locality Forest region between 1 and 
12S and not above 1061 m; restricted to the Mon- 
tana de Vitoc, near Chanchamayo, Junin, by Tate 
(1933, pp. 153, 155) on the basis of Tschudi's 
account of the species (cf. Reisenskizzen, 2:248- 
249). Osgood (1915, p. 188) regarded as "abso- 
lutely typical" a specimen from San Ramon, Rio 
Chanchamayo. This locality is in the same region 
as the Montana de Vitoc, specifically mentioned 
by Tschudi in the Reisenskizzen. 

Distribution (Fig. 49) Ecuador, Peru, Boliv- 
ia, and Amazonian Brazil. 



Marmosops parvidens (Tate, 1931) 

Marmosa parvidens Tate, 1931:13. Tate, 1933:208 
type only. Pine, 1973:55 BRAZIL: Para (Belem). 
Handley, 1976:6 VENEZUELA: Carabobo-Fal- 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



83 




Fig. 49. Distribution of Mannosops noctivagus: in South America from Ecuador south through Peru, Bolivia, 
and Amazonian Brazil. = localities given in published records. 



con-Yaracuy (Urama); Amazonas (Capibara. Brazo 
Casiquiare); Bolivar (km 125, 85 km SSE of El 
Dorado). Handley and Gordon. 1979:68 VENE- 
ZUELA: Carabobo-Falcon-Yaracuy (Urama): 
Amazonas (Capibara. Brazo Casiquiare): GUYA- 
NA: Demerara-Mahaica (Hyde Park). PERU: dis- 
co (Hacienda Villa Carmen). Gardner. 1993:20 
listed. 
Mannosops pan'idens: Pacheco et al.. 1993:5 
PERU: Madre de Dios (Pakitza). Mustrangi and 
Patton. 1997:21 BOLIVIA: La Paz (La Reserva); 
BRAZIL: Amazonas (Barro Vermelho. left bank 
Rio Jurua; Ilhazinha, left bank Rio Jurua): Paid 
(Altamira. 52 km SSW. E bank Rio Xingu): GUY- 
ANA: Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo (Karanam- 
bo. Rupununi River). Patton et al.. 2000:53 
GUYANA: Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo (Kar- 
anambo. Rupununi River, ca. 45 km N of Kanuku 
Mtns.); BRAZIL: Para (Altamira. 52 km SSE, E 
bank Rio Xingu): Amazonas (Lago Meduinim. left 
bank Rio Negro; Barro Vermelho. left bank Rio 
Jurua: Ilha Paxiuba. right bank Rio Jurua: Colo- 
cacao Vira-Volta, left bank Rio Jurua; Lago Vai- 
Quem-Quer. right bank Rio Jurua; Ilhazinha. left 
bank Rio Jurua: BOLIVIA: La Paz (La Reserva). 
Voss et al.. 2001:46 BRAZIL: Amazonas (Boca 
Rio Piratucu; 80 km N of Manaus); Para (Ilha do 
Taiuna, lower Rio Tocantins); FRENCH GUIANA 



(Paracou: Arataye); GUYANA: Demerara-Mahai- 
ca (Hyde Park): Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo 
(Karamambo). 

Marmosa pan-idens panidens: Pine. 1981:60 CO- 
LOMBIA: Antioquia (Villa Arteaga, Uraba; Val- 
divia: Quebrada Valdiva: La Cabana); Caldas 
(Samana): Huila (Rio Aguas Claras, Acevedo); 
Boyacd (Muzo): PERU: Cusco (Hacienda Villa 
Carmen. Cosnipata): VENEZUELA: Carabobo- 
Falcon-Yaracuy (Urama): Amazonas (Capibara, 
Brazo Casiquiare): SURINAME: Nickerie (Kais- 
erberg Airstrip. Zuid River): Brokopondo (Finisan- 
ti): GUYANA: East Demerara (Hyde Park. De- 
merara River). 

M[armosa] panidentata: Tate, 1933:44 incorrect 
subsequent spelling for panidens. 

Marmosa panidens woodalli Pine, 1981:62 BRA- 
ZIL: Para (type locality, Utinga, Belem: holotype, 
adult female, skin and skull. USNM 393532, col- 
lected 14 June 1968 by R. H. Pine). Gardner. 1993: 
20 listed. 



Holotype Skin and skull. FMNH 18545, col- 
lected 8 September 1906 by S. B. Warren. 

Type Locality Hyde Park, 30 mi up the De- 
merara River, Demerara. Guyana, altitude 2 m. 



84 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 




Fig. 50. Distribution of Marmosops parvidens: throughout northern South America south through Bolivia, with 
scattered populations in Brazil. = localities given in published records. 



Distribution (Fig. 50) Colombia south to Bo- 
livia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Gui- 
ana, and scattered populations in Amazonas and 
Para, Brazil. 



Type Locality Teresopolis, in the Serra dos 
Orgaos, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. 

Distribution (Fig. 51) Coastal mountains of 
southeastern Brazil above 800 m at approximately 
20-25S. 



Marmosops paulensis (Tate, 1931) 

Marmoset incana paulensis Tate, 1931:8 BRAZIL: 
Rio de Janeiro (Teresopolis); Sao Paulo. Tate, 
1933:166 BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro (Teresopolis; 
Rio de Janeiro); Sao Paulo (Sumidouro, near Rio 
de Janeiro); Parana (Roca Nova). Gardner, 1993: 
19 listed. 

Marmosops paulensis: Mustrangi and Patton, 1997: 
21,46 BRAZIL: Minus Gerais (Parque Nacional 
Caparao, Serra do Caparao; Itanhandu; Passa Qua- 
tro); Rio de Janeiro (Bonsucesso, Serra dos Or- 
gaos; Teresopolis, Serra dos Orgaos); Sao Paulo 
(Estacao Biologica de Boraceia, Serra do Mar; Fa- 
zenda Intervales, Serra de Paranapiacaba); Parana 
(Roca Nova). 

Holotype Adult male, skin and skull, FMNH 
26576, collected 8 July 1926 by C. C. Sanborn. 



Marmosops pinheiroi (Pine, 1981) 

Marmosops parvidens: Tate, 1939 VENEZUELA: 
Bolivar (Auyan-tepuO- Handley and Gorden, 
1979 VENEZUELA: Bolivar (Auyan-tepuO; 
BRAZIL: Amapa (Serra do Navio). 

Marmosops parvidens pinheiroi Pine, 1981:61, 63 
BRAZIL: Amapa (Rio Amapari, Serra do Navio); 
VENEZUELA: Bolivar (km 121, km 125, 85 km 
SSE of El Dorado; Auyan-tepuO. Gardner, 1993: 
20 listed. 

Marmosops pinheiroi: Voss, 2001:49 BRAZIL: 
Amapa (Serra do Navio); Para (Belem; Utinga); 
FRENCH GUIANA (Paracou); GUYANA: Potaro- 
Siparuni (Iwokrama Reserve); VENEZUELA: Bo- 
livar (Auyan-tepui; Churi-tepui; km 121, 85 km SE 
of El Dorado). 

Holotype Adult female, skin and skull, 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



85 



20- 



30 



-10 



50 




Marmosops paulensis 



500 1000 1500 km 



90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 

Fig. 51. Distribution of Marmosops paulensis: southeastern Brazil. = localities given in published records. 



USNM 461459, collected 8 May 1969 by the In- 
stitute Evandro Chagas. 

Type Locality Rio Amapari, Serra do Navio. 
Brazil. 

Distribution (Fig. 52) Eastern Venezuela. 
Guyana, northern French Guiana, and Amapa, 
Brazil. 



Genus Metachirus Burmeister, 1854 

Metachirus Burmeister, 1854:vii, 135 Subgenus of 
Didelphys [sic = Didelphis Linnaeus]: included 
species, myosurus [sic] Temminck [not myosuros 
Temminck = Didelphis nudicaudatus E. Geoffroy 
as a synonym], quica [= Philander opossum quica 
Temminck], cinerea [= Micoureus demerarae 
Thomas], incana [= Marmosops incana Lund], 
murina [= Marmosa murina], agilis [= Gracili- 
nanus agilis], pusilla [= Thylamys pusilla], brach- 
yura [= Monodelphis brachyura], tristriata [- 
Monodelphis americana], velutinus [= Thylamys 
velutinus]. Burmeister. 1856:68 included species, 
opossum [- Philander opossum], myosurus [sic] 
not Temminck [nudicaudatus E. Geoffroy a syno- 
nym], quica Temminck [= Philander opossum qui- 
ca Temminck]. Thomas, 1888b:329 part, subge- 



nus of Didelphys; included species, D. nudicau- 
datus E. Geoffroy, designated type, crassicaudatus 
Desmarest [= Lutreolina crassicaudata], opossum 
Linnaeus [= Philander opossum opossum]. Mat- 
schie, 1916:260. 267. 268 taxonomy; type, myo- 
surus [sic] Temminck (not Temminck). Cabrera, 
1919:45 classification; type, "Didelphis myosu- 
rus Temminck [not Temminck], = D. nudicaudatus 
Geoffroy." Miranda Ribeiro. 1936:320-321, 343 
taxonomic history. Krumbiegel, 194 lb: 194 re- 
view. Gardner. 1993:20 species (nudicaudatus 
Desmarest. 1817); synonymy; distribution. 
Philander Pine (not Tiedemann, 1808), 1973a: 398 
regarded as correct generic name for four-eyed 
pouchless opossum "'presently known as Metachi- 
rus nudicaudatus." Hall, 1981:317 name adopted 
after Pine, 1973a. 



Type Species Didelphis nudicaudatus E. 
Geoffroy (by subsequent designation [Thomas, 
1888, p. 329]). Didelphis myosuros Temminck, 
1824-1827, given as type species by Gardner 
(1993, p. 20) is the four-eyed pouched opossum, 
Philander opossum. 

Distribution Nicaragua south to northern Ar- 
gentina. 



86 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 




Fig. 52. Distribution of Marmosops pinheiroi: eastern Venezuela, Guyana. French Guiana, and Amapa, Brazil. 
localities given in published records. 



Metachirus nudicaudatus (E. Geoffroy, 1803) 

Didelphis nudicaudatus E. Geoffroy, 1803:142. Des- 
marest, 1817:424 FRENCH GUIANA: (Cay- 
enne). Carvalho, 1969:217 BRAZIL: Para (Be- 
lem; km 87-94, Belem-Brasflia; Sao Miguel do 
Guama [= Guama]). 

Didelphys nudicaudatus: Desmarest, 1827:390 part, 
myosuros (not Temminck) a synonym. Jentinck, 
1888:220 part, BRAZIL: "syntype a" (adult, 
mounted), "syntype b" (adult male, mounted), "c" 
(adult male, mounted). Waterhouse, 1841:94 
BRAZIL: Bahia (Bahia). Waterhouse, 1846:482 
part, BRAZIL; FRENCH GUIANA; not Didelphis 
myosuros in synonymy. Thomas, 1888b:332 part. 
BRAZIL: Bahia (Bahia). Lydekker, 1896:201 
part, distribution. 

Metachirus nudicaudatus: J. A. Allen, 1897b: 119 
PERU: San Martin (type locality, Guayabamba [= 
Santa Rosa de Huayabamba], 5500 ft [= 1700 m]; 
holotype, female, skin and skull, AMNH no. 
11815/10107, collected 30 August 1894 by O. T. 
Baron). Bangs, 1900:87 COLOMBIA: Magdale- 
na (Palomino, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta). 
Thomas, 1901a: 153 GUYANA: Upper Takutu- 
Upper Essequibo (Kanuku Mts., 600 ft [= 180 m]). 
J. A. Allen, 1904c:337 VENEZUELA: Bolivar 
(Maripa). Ihering, 1906:1414 BRAZIL: Mato 



Grosso (Rio Jauru). Thomas, 1910b: 188 GUYA- 
NA: Pomeroon-Supenaam (Supenaam River). Mi- 
randa Ribeiro, 1914:48 BRAZIL: Rondonia 
(Mattas do Piroculuina [= Piroculuina]); Mato 
Grosso (Chapadao [= Chapada] dos Parecis). J. A. 
Allen, 1 91 6b:562 BRAZIL: Mato Grosso (Tapi- 
rapoan [= Tapirapua], Rio Sepotuba). Pohle, 1927: 
242 BRAZIL: Pemambuco (Dois Irmaos); Rio de 
Janeiro (Teresopolis; Barreira). Thomas. 1928b: 
294 PERU: Loreto (Pebas, "like specimens from 
Para and Pernambuco"). Miranda Ribeiro, 1935: 
37 BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro (Teresopolis). Tate, 
1939:162 VENEZUELA: Amazonas (foot of Cer- 
ro Duida, 300 ft [= 90 m]); Bolivar (Auyan-tepuf, 
1500-3500 ft [= 470-1090 m]); GUYANA: East 
Demerara (Kartabo [now in Mazaruni-Potaro]). 
Miranda Ribeiro. 1940:35 BRAZIL: Mato Gros- 
so (Rio Jauru). Vieira. 1955:345 BRAZIL: Mato 
Grosso (Rio Jauru). Olivares, 1962:307 COLOM- 
BIA: Meta (Rio Guayabero). Pirlot, 1963:175, 178, 
180 VENEZUELA: Zulia (Tukuko; Kasmera, Rfo 
Yasa). Pine et al., 1970:668 BRAZIL: Mato 
Grosso (Xavantina [= Chavantina], 264 km N of 
Serra do Roncador). Yunis et al., 1973:369 CO- 
LOMBIA: Arauca (Puerto Gaitan). Reig et al., 
1977:197 part, PERU: Ayacucho (Hacienda Lu- 
isiana. Rio Apurimac; San Jose, Rfo Santa Rosa); 
Ucayali (Balta); part, VENEZUELA: Trujillo (Mo- 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



87 



tatan); Merida (Bejuquero. Zea). Redford and Fon- 
seca, 1986:129. 132 BRAZIL: Distrito Federal 
(cerrado region, gallery forest dependent). Fonseca 
and Kierulff. 1988:1 16 BRAZIL: Minas Gerais 
(Fazenda Esmeralda: Fazenda Montes Claros: Rio 
Doce State Park [= Parque Estadual do Rio Doce]). 
Stallings. 1988:174. 187. 194 BRAZIL: Minas 
Gerais (Rio Doce State Park [= Parque Estadual 
do Rio Doce]). Gardner. 1988: 690 VENEZUE- 
LA: Amazonas (Camp II. Cerro de La Neblina: 
Camp VII. Cerro de La Neblina). Husband et al.. 
1992:298 BRAZIL: Sergipe (Crasto). Pacheco et 
al.. 1993:5 PERU: Madre de Dios (Pakitza: Rio 
Manu. lower: Cocha Cashu). Emmons and Romo. 
1994: 140 PERU: Madre de Dios (Ccolpa de Gua- 
camayos). Emmons et al.. 1994:14-1 PERU: Ma- 
dre de Dios (Explorer's Inn Reserve). Rageot and 
Albuja. 1994:176 ECUADOR: Pastaza (Mera). 
Sarton et al.. 1996:307 BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro 
(Barra de Marico). Patton et al.. 2000:63 BRA- 
ZIL: Acre (Igarape Porongaba. right bank Rio Ju- 
rua; Igarape Porongaba. left bank Rio Jurua: Flora 
[= Fazenda Santa Fe]. left bank Rio Jurua: Oci- 
dente. opposite, left bank Rio Jurua: Nova Vida: 
Sobral): Espirito Santo (Estacao Biologica de Santa 
Lucia: Aracruz. Santa Cruz): Sao Paulo (Fazenda 
Intervales. Base Saibadela. Sete Barros): Rio de Ja- 
neiro (Ciadade Mineradoras Brasileiras Reunidas. 
Ibicui. Mangaratiba): Bahia (Fazenda Beijo 
Grande. 12 km S. 1.1 km E of Itabuna): Amazonas 
(Barro Vermelho. left bank Rio Jurua: Lago Vai- 
Quem-Quer. right bank Rio Jurua: Colocacao Vira- 
Volta. left bank Rio Jurua: Alto Rio Urucu: Tefe: 
Seringal Condor, left bank Rio Jurua: Rio Jaii; Ma- 
caco, left bank Rio Jau: Tambor. left bank Rio Jaii: 
above mouth, right bank Rio Jaii: Lago Meduinfm. 
left bank Rio Negro: Penedo: Altamira: Ilha Pax- 
iuba; Para (Floresta Nacional Tapirape-Aquiri. 
Municipio de Maraba). PERU: Amazonas (Huam- 
pami. Rio Cenepa). FRENCH GUIANA: (Sinna- 
mary River). Mares and Braun. 2000:34 AR- 
GENTINA: Misiones (Parque Nacional Iguazii: Rio 
Urugua-f). Voss et al.. 2001:51 FRENCH GUI- 
ANA (Paracou: Cayenne). 

M[etachirus] nudicaudatus: J. A. Allen. 1900b: 197 
(in text). 

[Metachirus] nudicaudatus: Krumbiegel. 1941b: 
198 BRAZIL: Paid (Ipitinga. Rio Acara). 

Didelphis nudicaudata: Lesson. 1827:212 incorrect 
subsequent spelling classification. 

Didelphys nudicaudata: Thomas. 1 882a: 111 incor- 
rect subsequent spelling PERU: Amazonas (Chir- 
imoto). Thomas. 1888b:332 part. PERU: Ama- 
zonas (Chirimoto). 

Metachirus nudicaudata: Bertoni. 1914:69 incorrect 
subsequent spelling PARAGUAY: Alto Parana 
(Puerto Bertoni). 

Lutreolina nudicaudata: Bertoni. 1939:6 incorrect 
subsequent spelling PARAGUAY: Alto Parana 
(Puerto Bertoni). 

Philander nudicaudus: Gray. 1843:100 incorrect 
subsequent spelling part, not synonymy. Miles et 
al.. 1981a:331 BRAZIL: Para (Belem). Guerrero. 
1985:40 VENEZUELA. 

M[etachirus nudicaudatus] nudicaudatus: Cabrera. 
1 9 1 9:46 classification. 



Metachirus nudicaudatus nudicaudatus: Anthony. 
1 92 lb:268 GUYANA: East Demerara (Kartabo 
[now in Mazaruni-Potaro]). Miranda Ribeiro. 1936: 
344, 345 part. GUIANAS: BRAZIL: Para (speci- 
mens collected by E. Snethlage). Krumbiegel. 
194 lb: 198 BRAZIL: Para (Ipitinga). Anduze. 
1956:14 VENEZUELA: Territorio Federal Delta 
Amacuro. Sanderson. 1949:787 SURINAME: 
Para (Zanderij Airfield). Husson, 1973:6 SURI- 
NAME. Husson. 1978:28 SURINAME: Para (Re- 
publiek: Zanderij: Zanderij Airfield); Commewijne 
(Coropina Kreek). Perez-Hernandez. 1989:371 
VENEZUELA: Amazonas (Alto Rio Cacuri. Alto 
Rio Ventuari; Tamatama: San Felipe [= Raudalito], 
Rio Sipapo. not located: Cano Yureba. Salto Yureba: 
Capibara; Campamento La Neblina [= Cerro La 
Neblina]): Bolivar (Campamento): Delta Amacuro 
Territorio Federal (Los Giiires: Tobesobe). 

Metachirus n[udicaudatus] nudicaudatus: Carvalho 
and Toccheton (not E. Geoffroy). 1969:217 BRA- 
ZIL: Para (Guama: km 87-94 Belem-Brasflia). 

Metachirus nudicaudatus nudicaudatus: Cabrera. 
1919:46 incorrect subsequent spelling classifi- 
cation. 

D[idelph\s]s mxosuros: Wied-Neuwied (not Tem- 
minck". 1824). 1826:400 BRAZIL: Bahia ("Co- 
mechatiba" [= Comoxatiba = Ponta Cumuruxati- 
ba]). 

D[idelphis] mxosuros: Wagner (not Temminck. 1824). 
1843:43 BRAZIL: part (description ex Wied- 
Neuwied. 1826). Pelzeln. 1883:10 BRAZIL: Sao 
Paulo (Ipanema): Rio de Janeiro (Registo do Sai). 

M[etachirus] n[udicaudatus] mxosuros: Thomas (not 
Temminck. 1824). 1923c:606 classification. 

Didelphys mxosurus Burmeister (not Temminck), 
1854:135 incorrect subsequent spelling BRA- 
ZIL. 

Metachirus mxosurus: Burmeister (not Temminck. 
1824). 1856:69 incorrect subsequent spelling 
BRAZIL: (specimen believed to be from Para). 
Ihering. 1894:1 1 BRAZIL: Sao Paulo. 

Didelphis mxosurus: Husson (not Temminck. 1824). 
1978:29 incorrect subsequent spelling 2 "syn- 
types" in Leiden Museum, skulls broken. 

Metachirus nudicaudatus mxosurus: Pohle (not Tem- 
minck. 1824), 1927:242 incorrect subsequent 
spelling BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro (Rio de Janei- 
ro: Barreira): Sao Paulo ("type" locality restricted 
to Ipanema: specimen designated "lectotype." skin 
and skull. Vienna Museum. 1 16a. collected 25 Jan- 
uary 1822 by Johann Natterer). Bresslau. 1927: 
190 BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro. Miranda Ribeiro. 
1936:345. 351 BRAZIL: Bahia ("type" locality 
restricted to Bahia): Espirito Santo (Lagoa de Ju- 
parana): Rio de Janeiro (type locality. Realango. 
Serra da Piraqua: Angra dos Reis: holotype. male, 
skin and skeleton. MNRJ 1218). Vieira. 1949: 
358 BRAZIL: Sao Paulo; Santa Catarina. Vieira. 
1955:346 part. BRAZIL: Espirito Santo (Lagoa 
de Juparana): Rio de Janeiro: Sao Paulo (Ipanema; 
Bauni: Lins): Santa Catarina (Ararangua). Ca- 
brera. 1958:38 personatus Miranda Ribeiro a 
synonym. Carvalho. 1965:251 BRAZIL: Sao 
Paulo (Boraceia). Ruschi. 1965:2 BRAZIL: Es- 
pirito Santo (Rio Doce: Linhares; Lagoa Juparana). 

M[etachirus] n[udicaudatus] mxosurus: Miranda Ri- 



88 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



beiro (not Temminck, 1824), 1936:352, footnote 
incorrect subsequent spelling BRAZIL: Espirito 
Santo (Lagoa de Juparana). 

Metachirus tschudii J. A. Allen, 1900b: 195. Goodwin, 
1953:227 type history. 

M[etachirus] tschudii: J. A. Allen, 1900c:412 (in 
text) "of the M. opossum group [!]." Gardner, 
1993:20 listed. 

Metachirus nudicaudatus tschudii: Osgood, 1914: 
149 PERU: San Martin (Moyobamba). Thomas, 
1927a:373 PERU: Amazonas (San Nicolas, 4500 
ft [= 1400 m]); San Martin (Yurac Yacu, 2500 ft 
[= 780 m]). Thomas, 1927b:606 PERU: Hudnu- 
co (Chinchavito, 3000 ft [= 930 m]; Tingo Mana, 
3000 ft [= 930 m]). 

Metachirus nudicaudatus colombianus J. A. Allen, 
1900b: 196. J. A. Allen, 1904d:4 18 COLOM- 
BIA: Magdalena (type locality, Don Amo, west- 
ern slope Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta; holotype, 
male, skin and skull, AMNH 15448; collected 20 
April 1899 by H. H. Smith). J. A. Allen, 1901c: 
412. Allen, 1916a:201 COLOMBIA: Cundina- 
marca (Buena Vista, near Bogota). Cabrera (part, 
not J. A. Allen), 1958:37 imbutus a synonym. 
Goodwin, 1953:227 type history. Hernandez- 
Camacho and Borrero, 1957:213 COLOMBIA: 
Santander (San Vicente de Chucurf). Perez-Her- 
nandez, 1989:371 VENEZUELA: Barinas (Bar- 
initas, Rio Barragan, 440 m; La Lengueta; La Er- 
ica; Reserva Forestal Ticoporo); Merida (Zea; 
Mesa Bolivar; Pueblo Las Virtudes, 17 km from 
Caja Seca, Caserio El Amparo); Trujillo (Motatan; 
Agua Viva; Valera); Zulia (Alguacil; Kasmera, 
Rio Yasa; Novito; Tocuco [= Tukuko]; Puerto Ca- 
tatumbo; Machiques). Gardner, 1993:20 listed. 

M[etachirus] nudicaudatus colombica: J. A. Allen, 
1901:412 incorrect subsequent spelling CO- 
LOMBIA: Cundinamarca (near Bogota). 

Metachirus nudicaudatus bolivianus J. A. Allen, 
1901c:41 1 BOLIVIA: La Paz (type locality, Chu- 
lumani, Yungas, 2000 ft [= 625 m], 2000 m; ho- 
lotype, female, skin and skull BMNH 1.6.7.73, col- 
lected 14 February 1901 by P. O. Simons). Thomas, 
1902a: 143 BOLIVIA: Cochabamba (Charuplaya, 
1350 m). Krumbiegel, 194 lb: 196 part, BOLIV- 
IA: Santa Cruz (Santa Cruz de la Sierra; San Jose). 
Cabrera, 1958:37 listed. Cabrera, 1958:37 in- 
fuscus Thomas a synonym. Anderson et al., 1993: 
18 BOLIVIA: Santa Cruz (Rfo Surutu). Gardner, 
1993:20 listed. Anderson, 1997:155 BOLIVIA: 
Beni (El Trapiche); Cochabamba (Charuplaya; Vil- 
la Tunari; Yungas; Villa Tunari, 12.5 km SW 
Parque Nacional Carrasco; San Rafael); La Paz 
(Mapiri, Rio Chimate; Guanay, 5 km SE of Rio 
Challana; Serrania Bellavista; Alcoche, 4 km NW; 
Caranavi, 20 km NNE; La Reserva; Chijchipani; 
Yolosito; Chulumani; Irupana); Pando (Rio Nareu- 
da); Santa Cruz (Rio Suturu); Cochabamba-Santa 
Cruz (Rio Ichilo, 9 km S of mouth of Rio Chapare; 
Rio Ichilo, 52 km from mouth of Rio Chapare). 

[Metachirus nudicaudatus] bolivianus: Krumbiegel 
(part, not J. A. Allen, 1901), 194 lb: 196 ARGEN- 
TINA: Formosa (La Urbana [= Estancia Tapiki- 
ole], Rio Pilcomayo). 



Metachirus nudicaudatus phaerus Thomas, 190 Id: 
545 ECUADOR: Esmeraldas (type locality, San 
Javier, Rio Cachavi, 20 m; holotype, male, skin and 
skull, BMNH 1.3.19.44, collected 19 May 1900 by 
G. Fleming). Gardner, 1993:20 listed. 

Metachirus nudicaudatus dentaneus Goldman, 1912: 
2 PANAMA: Colon (type locality, Gatiin; holo- 
type, male, skin and skull, USNM 172732, collect- 
ed 12 January 1911 by E. A. Goldman). Enders, 
1935:41 1 PANAMA: Colon/Panama (Barro Col- 
orado). Goodwin, 1942:1 13 NICARAGUA: 
(Chontales). Hall and Kelson, 1959:19 map 10 
(Middle American distribution). Gardner, 1993: 
20 listed. 

Philander nudicaudatus dentaneus: Hall, 1981:18 
map 1 1 (Central American range); classification; 
distribution. 

Metachirus nudicaudatus antioquiae J. A. Allen, 
19 16c:83 COLOMBIA: Antioquia (type locality, 
La Frijolera; holotype, male, skin and skull, 
AMNH 37751, collected 1 January 1915 by L. E. 
Miller and H. S. Boyle). Goodwin, 1953:227 type 
history. Gardner, 1993:20 listed. 

Metachirus nudicaudatus modestus Thomas, 1923c: 
606 PARAGUAY: Paraguari (type locality, Sap- 
ucay [= Sapucaf]; holotype, female, skin and skull, 
BMNH 1903.2.3.38, collected 2 September 1902 
by W. Foster). Crespo, 1950:7 ARGENTINA: 
Misiones (Rio Urugua-i, 30 km from Puerto Bem- 
berg; Puerto Bemberg). Gardner, 1993:20 listed. 

Metachirus nudicaudatus infuscus Thomas, 1923c: 
606 PERU: Madre de Dios (type locality, Rio In- 
ambari; holotype, subadult male, skin and skull, 
BMNH 2.7.27.8, collected by G. Ockenden). 
Thomas, 1928b:285 PERU: Ucayali (Yarinaco- 
cha); Loreto (Contamana; Pebas). Sanborn, 1949: 
277 PERU: Ucayali (Yarinacocha); Loreto (Cerro 
Azul). Gardner, 1993:20 listed. 

Metachirus nudicaudatus imbutus Thomas, 1923c: 
605 ECUADOR: Pichincha (type locality, Min- 
do, W slope Cordillera Occidental; ca. 4200 ft | = 
1300 m]; holotype, male, skin and skull, BMNH 
13.10.24.71, collected 12 June 1913 by Gilbert 
Hammond). Gardner, 1993:20 listed. 

Metachirus nudicaudatus personatus Miranda Ribei- 
ro, 1936:344, 351, 352, footnote BRAZIL: Espir- 
ito Santo (Lagoa de Juparana); Rio de Janeiro (Re- 
gisto do Sai, Natterer specimen in Vienna Muse- 
um); Guanabara (Realango, Serra da Piraquara 
[now in Rio de Janeiro]). Miranda Ribeiro, 1955: 
416 "type" history. Avila Pires, 1968:168 
"type" history. Gardner, 1993:20 listed. 

Holotype Adult female, skin mounted with 
young attached to teats, skull separate, MNHN, 
Paris, original catalog no. 302, exhibition hall cat- 
alog no. 434; collected by H. Martin, then French 
government botanist in Cayenne. Recataloged as 
a C G 1990-420 (see Julien-Laferriere, 1994, 
Mammalia 58[1]:3). 

Type Locality Cayenne, French Guiana. 

Distribution (Fig. 53) Honduras to Paraguay 
and northern Argentina. 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



89 



20 



10 



10' 



20 



30 



40 



50^ 



Metachirus nudicaudatus \ 



o<P 



.CD 



> 



0)8 



' 



o o 



c* 



% 




i~. 500 1000 1500 km 



90 



80 ; 



70 r 



60 



50 



40 



30 20 10 



Fig. 53. Distribution of Metachirus nudicaudatus: from Honduras in Central America south to Misiones. Argen- 
tina, and Rio Grande do Sul. Brazil, o = localities from unpublished records: = localities given in published 
records. 



90 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Additional Records NICARAGUA: Zelaya; 
El Pool, Bluefields (Myers, 1967, MVZ); COSTA 
RICA: San Jose; Angostura (Goldman, 1876, 
USNM); PANAMA: Bocas del Toro; Changuin- 
ola, 7 km SSW (Handley, Jr., 1960, USNM); Pen- 
insula Valiente, Punta Alegre (Greenwell, 1990, 
USNM); Nun (Greenwell, 1993, USNM); Code; 
El Valle, 6 mi E (Enders, 1957, USNM); Colon; 
Fort Sherman (1955, USNM); Cristobal (Fleming, 
1967, USNM); Camp Pina, Fort Sherman (Keen- 
an, 1956, USNM); Fort Davis (1955, USNM); 
Bohio Peninsula (Pine, 1972, USNM); Buena Vis- 
ta Peninsula (Pine, 1972, USNM); Panama; Bal- 
boa (Fleming, 1967, USNM); Fort Kobbe (1955, 
USNM); Rodman Naval Ammunition Depot 
(Fleming, 1967, UMMZ); Cerro Azul (1955, 
USNM); La Zumbadora [= Cerro Azul] (1957, 
USNM; Keenan, 1955, 1956, 1957, USNM); 
Maxon Ranch (Anthony, 1914, AMNH; Richard- 
son, 1914, AMNH); Cerro Campana (Field, 1954, 
USNM); San Bias; Mandinga (Handley, Jr., 1957, 
USNM); Armila, Quebrada Venado (Handley, Jr., 
1963, USNM); Darien; Tacarcuna (Village) [= 
Tacarcuna] (Anthony, 1915, AMNH); Tacarcuna 
Village Camp [= Tacarcuna] (Handley, Jr., 1959, 
USNM; Handley, Jr., 1963, UMMZ); Paya Camp 
(Mendez, 1959, USNM); Cana (Goldman, 1912, 
USNM); Rio Jaque (Wetmore, 1947, USNM); 
Jaque (Greenwell, 1966, USNM); COLOMBIA: 
Choco; Rio Sando, Rio Baudo (von Sneidern, 
1958, FMNH); Valle del Cauca; Buenaventura, 6 
km N (Emmons, 1981, USNM); Cordoba; Socor- 
re, Rio Sinu (Hershkovitz, 1949, FMNH); Antio- 
quia; Puri, Rio Puri, Rio Cauca (Hershkovitz, 

1950, FMNH); Tamara [= La Tirana], Rio Nechi 
(Peterson, 1971, USNM); Caquetd; Montanita, 
Florencia, left bank Rio Orteguaza (Hershkovitz, 

1951, FMNH); Tres Troncos, La Tagua, Rio Ca- 
queta (Hershkovitz, 1952, FMNH); Norte de San- 
tander; Rio Tarra, Rio Catatumbo (Hershkovitz, 
1943, USNM); San Calixto (Hershkovitz, 1943, 
USNM); Boyacd; Rio Covaria [= Cobana] (von 
Sneidern, 1959, FMNH); La Argentina, Rio Cu- 
bugdn (von Sneidern, 1959, FMNH); Muzo 
(Hershkovitz, 1952, FMNH); Cundinamarca; 
Mambita, Rio Guavio (Gonzalez, 1922, AMNH); 
Medina, eastern slope Andes (Niceforo Maria, 

1925, AMNH); Meta; Buena Vista (Chapman, 
1913, AMNH); Guaicaramo (Niceforo Maria, 

1926, FMNH); Canay (1937, AMNH); Restrepo 
(1937, AMNH); Upun [= Upin], Restrepo (1937, 
AMNH); Los Micos, San Juan cte Arama, Rio 
Giiejar (von Sneidern, 1957, FMNH); Villavicen- 
cio (Niceforo Maria, 1939, AMNH); ECUADOR: 



Esmeraldas; Rosa Zarate [= Quininde] (Rageot, 
1980, USNM); Pinchincha; Pachahal [= Pacha- 
tal], below Mindo (Soderstrom, 1913, AMNH); 
Manabi; Rio Pescado (Tate, 1922, AMNH); 
Guayas; Cerro Manglaralto (Tate, 1923, AMNH); 
Napo; Santa Cecilia (Duellman, 1968, KU); Li- 
moncocha (Voss, 1980, UMMZ); San Jose Nuevo 
[= San Jose Abajo] (Olalla Brothers, 1924, 
AMNH); Pastaza; Rio Yana Rumi (Olalla, 1934, 
FMNH); Tiguino, 130 km S of Coca (Jacobs, 
1990, USNM); Sarayacu, Rio Bobonaza (Tate, 
1924, AMNH); Montalvo, Rio Bobonaza (Olalla, 
1932, FMNH); Rio Pindo Yacu (Olalla, 1934, 
FMNH); Rio Capihuara (Olalla, 1934, FMNH); 
Rio Curaray, not precisely located (Olalla Broth- 
ers, 1925, AMNH); Zamora-Chinchipe; Zamora 
(Anthony, 1920, AMNH); Los Encuentros, 4 km 
ENE, not precisely located (Gardner, 1976, 
USNM); PERU: Cajamarca; Quebrada Huaran- 
dosa, Rio Chinchipe (Watkins, 1923, AMNH); 
Amazonas; La Poza, Rio Santiago (Patton, 1979, 
MVZ); Pomara (Watkins, 1924, AMNH); Hudn- 
uco; Hacienda Santa Elena [= Santa Elena], 35 
km NE of Tingo Marfa (Tallman, 1972, LSUMZ); 
Hacienda Exito, Rio Cayumba (Heller, 1922, 
FMNH); Pozuzo [now in Pasco] (Heller, 1923, 
FMNH); Pasco; Oxapampa [= San Juan de Ox- 
apampa] (Tuttle, 1964, USNM); Junin; Chancha- 
mayo (Schunke, 1904, FMNH); San Ramon (An- 
derson, 1914, FMNH); Ayacucho; Huanhuachayo 
(Gardner, 1971, LSUMZ); Cusco; Hacienda Eri- 
ka, Rio Alto Madre de Dios (Myers, 1984, 
UMMZ; Patton, 1984, MVZ); Kiteni, "60 km 
from Rosalina on road from Quellabamba" (My- 
ers, 1984, UMMZ; Patton, 1984, MVZ; Thomas, 
1974, LSUMZ); Uvini [= Yuvini], Rio Cosireni 
(Heller, 1915, USNM); Huaijumbe [= Huajyum- 
be] (Kalinowski, 1954, FMNH); Quincemil (Kal- 
inowski, 1953, FMNH); Madre de Dios; Tambo- 
pata (Kuns, 1965, USNM); Puerto Maldonado 
(Hibbs, 1965, USNM; Kuns, 1965, USNM); Al- 
bergue Cuzco Amazonico, Puerto Maldonado, 12 
km E (Warner, 1983, MVZ); Reserva Cuzco 
Amazonico (Timm, 1990, KU; Woodman, 1989, 
KU); Lago Sandoval, Rio Madre de Dios (Patton, 
1979, MVZ); Loreto; Rio Curaray, boca (Olalla 
Brothers, 1925, AMNH); Libertad (Cardiff, 1982, 
LSUMZ); Santa Luisa, Rio Nanay (Kalinowski, 

1956, FMNH); Puerto Indiana, N bank Rio Ma- 
ranon (Olalla Brothers, 1926, AMNH); Iquitos, 
Rfo Maranon (Bassler, 1924, 1928, AMNH); San 
Fernando, left bank Rio Yavari (Kalinowski, 

1957, FMNH); Rio Amaya, boca, W bank Rfo 
Morona (Kalinowski, 1957, FMNH); Santa Elena, 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



91 



Rio Samiria (Kalinowski, 1956, 1957, FMNH); 
Ucayali; Pucallpa, 57 km W (Hinsch. 1971, 1972. 
USNM); Pucallpa, W bank Rio Ucayali (Hinsch. 

1971, USNM); Rio Urubamba, boca (Olalla 
Brothers, 1927, AMNH); VENEZUELA: Zulia; 
Cerro Azul (1955, 1956, AMNH; 1956, USNM); 
Maracaiba (Hershkovitz personal notes); Mision 
Tukuko (Ayarzaguena, 1986, USNM; Colonnello, 
1986, USNM; Voss, 1986, USNM); Merida; La 
Azulita (Osgood and Conover, 1920. FMNH); 
Barinas; Altamira (Smithsonian- Venezuelan Ex- 
pedition. 1967, USNM); La Quinta (Tuttle, In- 
quillo, Stromeyer. and Peterson. 1967. USNM); 
Bolivar: Cinco Rancho, 38 km NE Icabani (Tut- 
tle, 1968. USNM); Amazonas; Fish Creek, Cerro 
Duida (Olalla Brothers, 1929, AMNH); Esmeral- 
da, Cerro Duida (Olalla Brothers, 1928. AMNH); 
GUYANA: Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo; 
Boundary Camp, Itabu Creek. Corentyne River 
(Blake, 1938, FMNH); FRENCH GUIANA: Ini- 
ni; River Arataye (Emmons. 1984, USNM): 
BRAZIL: Amapd; Maraca. Serra do Navio 
(Woodall. 1966, 1967. 1970. USNM); Para; Car- 
atateua. E bank Rio Caete (Instituto Oswaldo 
Cruz. 1968, USNM); Braganca (Instituto Oswaldo 
Cruz, 1968. USNM); Igarape-Acu (Hershkovitz 
specimen notes from Instituto Oswaldo Cruz); 
Utinga (Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. 1968. USNM): 
Murucutii, Instituto Agronomico do Norte (Lima. 
1923, FMNH); Capim. 8 mi SE of Belem (Insti- 
tuto Oswaldo Cruz, 1968); Lazaropolis, Belem. 
not located (Hershkovitz, 1996. personal notes); 
Mojui dos Campos (Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. 
1975. USNM); Rio Mojui (Hershkovitz personal 
notes): Ilha do Taiuna, Rio Tocantins (Olalla. 
1931, AMNH); Amarim Igarape, Rio Tapajoz 
(Olalla, 1931, AMNH); km 84, Santarem-Cuiaba 
(Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 1972; Instituto Evandro 
Chavez. 1972, USNM); Baiao. Rio Tocantins 
(Olalla. 1931. AMNH); Altamira, W bank Rio 
Xingu (de Paula Pinheiro, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. 

1972, USNM); km 43, Altamira-Itaituba (de Paula 
Pinheiro, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 1972); Fordlan- 
dia, E bank Rio Tapajoz (Olalla. 1960. FMNH): 
Itaituba (Hershkovitz field notes); km 19. Itaituba- 
Jacareacanga [= Jacare-Acanga] (Ramos. Institu- 
to Oswaldo Cruz, 1972, USNM: de Paula Pinhei- 
ro, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 1972, USNM): San- 
tarem (Hershkovitz personal notes); Rio Acara 
(Hershkovitz personal notes); Jacareacanga [= Ja- 
care-Acanga], W bank Rio Tapajos (Ramos. In- 
stituto Oswaldo Cruz. 1972. USNM: Hershkovitz 
personal notes); Amazonas; Manaus (Malcolm. 
1985, USNM); km 46, Manaus-Itacoatiara 



(Hershkovitz field notes); Bahia; Rio do Braco 
(1944, KU); Fazenda Almada (Rockefeller Insti- 
tute, 1945, FMNH); Fazenda Almada, Ilheus (Ser- 
vicio do Estudos e Pesquisas sobre a Febra Amar- 
eia [SEPSFA], 1945, FMNH); Urucutuca, Ilheus 
(Servicio do Estudos e Pesquisas sobre a Febra 
Amareia [SEPSFA]; Riberao da Fortuna [Servicio 
do Estudos e Pesquisas sobre a Febra Amareia 
(SEPSFA)]. 1944. FMNH); Espirito Santo; Frag- 
mentos Florestals da Cai, Aracruz Calulore, Ara- 
cruz (Mustrangi, 1993, MVZ); Rio de Janeiro; 
Gavea (Gilmore, 1937, AMNH); Floresta da Ti- 
juca (1944, 1945, KU); Sao Paulo; Rocha (Olalla, 
1961, FMNH): Fazenda Capricornio, Ubatuba 
(Lara, 1992, MVZ); Varjao, m, 5 km S of Casa 
Grande (Souza Lopes, 1969, 1970, USNM); 
Guaratuba (Souza Lopes, 1969, 1970, USNM); 
Itanhaem (Souza Lopes, USNM); Boa Vista, Rio 
Iporanga (Olalla. 1960. FMNH); Mato Grosso; 
Aripuana (1974, 1975, USNM); Mato Grosso do 
Sul; Urucum de Corumba (Hershkovitz field 
notes): Dourados, 12 km N (Kuns, 1965, USNM); 
Rondonia; Pista Nova [= Nueva], 8 km N of Por- 
to Velho (Kuns. 1965, USNM); BOLIVIA: La 
Paz; Rio Chimate, Rio Mapiri (Tate, 1926, 
AMNH); Rio Challana, SE Guanay (Creighton, 
1978, UMMZ); PARAGUAY: San Pedro; Aca 
Poi (Wharton, 1950, USNM); Tacuati, Aca Poi, S 
bank Rio Ypani (Wharton, 1950, USNM); Caa- 
guazii; Caaguazii. Summerfield Colony no. 1 1 
(Wharton, 1953, USNM); Paraguari; Parque Na- 
cional Ybycuf (Myers, 1978, UMMZ); Canendi- 
yu; Curuguaty (Myers, 1978, UMMZ). 



Genus Micoureus Lesson, 1842 

Micoureus Lesson. 1842:186 included species, ci- 
nereus Temminck. dorsiguera Linnaeus, murina 
Linnaeus, tricolor [= Monodelphis tricolor E. 
Geoffroy], lanigera [= Philander lanata Olfers], 
elegans Waterhouse. californicus [= Didelphis vir- 
giniana Kerr], breviceps [= Didelphis virginiana 
Kerr]. Thomas. 1888b:340 Didelphis cinerea 
Temminck designated type species. Gardner. 1993: 
20 listed. 

Micoreus Vieira. 1955:350 incorrect subsequent 
spelling of Micoureus Lesson in synonymy of Mar- 
mosa Gray. 

Micoures Reig. 1958:272 (footnote) incorrect sub- 
sequent spelling of Micoureus Lesson. 

Type Species Didelphis cinerea Temminck, 
1824, preoccupied (= Micoureus demerarae, 
Thomas, 1905), by subsequent designation 
(Thomas. 1888b). 



92 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Distribution (Fig. 54) Neotropical region 
from Central America and adjacent Caribbean is- 
lands to northern Argentina, Paraguay and Brazil. 

Comments Previously included with Marmo- 
set (sensu lato, see Gardner and Creighton, 1989: 
3). 



Micoureus alstoni (J. A. Allen, 1900) 

Didelphys cinerea: Alston, 1882: 199 COSTA 
RICA. 

Didelphys {Micoureus) cinerea: J. A. Allen, 1891: 
218 COSTA RICA: (San Jose). 

Marmosa cinerea: J. A. Allen, 1897a:43 COSTA 
RICA: (type locality; holotype, male, skin and 
skull, AMNH 11790/16210). 

[l]Marmosa cinerea: Beach, 1939:315 ECUADOR. 

Caluromys alstoni J. A. Allen, 1900a: 189. Gardner, 
1983:20 listed. 

[Marmosa] alstoni: Thomas, 1901e: 145 classifica- 
tion. 

M[armosa] c[inerea] Alstoni: Thomas, 1905:313 
(footnote) classification. 

Micoureus alstoni: Reig et al., 1977:212 COSTA 
RICA: San Jose (Santa Ana). Timm et al., 1989 
COSTA RICA: Heredia (Parque Nacional Braulio 
Carrillo; Concepcion de San Rafael). Patton et al., 
2000:68 PANAMA: Bocas del Tow (Boca Torito, 
Isla San Cristobal). 

Marmosa alstoni alstoni: Tate, 1933:67, 68 NICA- 
RAGUA; HONDURAS; COSTA RICA: Limon 
(Cuba); COLOMBIA: Antioquia (Jerico); Quindio 
(Calarca); Cundinamarca (Bogota). Goodwin, 
1942:115 HONDURAS: (Segovia River [= Rio 
Segovia]). Goodwin, 1946:286-287 COSTA RICA: 
San Jose (San Jose; Piedras Negras; Escazu); Li- 
mon (Cubre [= Cuabre]); Cartago (Agua Caliente; 
Cartago; Tres Ribs, Pozo Ancho; San Juan). 

Marmosa cinerea nicaraguae Thomas, 1905:313 
NICARAGUA: Zelaya (type locality, Bluefields; 
holotype, adult male, BMNH 5.10.31.5, collected 9 
January 1905 by G. Palmer, original no. 5). 

Marmosa alstoni nicaraguae: Tate, 1933:69 NIC- 
ARAGUA: Zelaya (Bluefields); COSTA RICA: Li- 
mon (Siquirres, Rio Pacuare). 

Marmosa demerarae meridae: Tate (part, not Tate), 
1933:65 COLOMBIA: Cundinamarca ("S. [ = 
Santo] Domingo de Bogota"); Boyacd ("Miraflo- 
res"). 

Holotype Male, skin and skull, AMNH 
11790/16210; collected 17 August 1893 by 
George K. Cherrie. 

Type Locality Tres Rfos, Cartago, Costa 
Rica. 

Distribution (Fig. 55) Central America, ad- 
jacent Caribbean islands, and Colombia west of 
the crest of the Cordillera Oriental. 



Micoureus constantiae (Thomas, 1904) 

Didelphis cinerea: Lund, 1841:237 BRAZIL: Minus 
Gerais (Lagoa Santa). 

Didelphys [(Micoureus)] cinerea: Thomas, 1888b: 
342 part, BOLIVIA: Santa Cruz (Santa Cruz de 
la Sierra). 

Grymaeomys cinerea: Winge, 1893:46 BRAZIL: 
Minas Gerais (Lagoa Santa). 

Marmosa cinerea: Thomas, 1901c:536 BRAZIL: 
Minas Gerais (Rio Jordao). Miranda Ribeiro, 1936: 
361 part, BRAZIL: Minas Gerais (Lagoa Santa). 

Marmosa constantiae Thomas, 1904c:243 BRAZIL: 
(type locality). Gardner, 1993:20 listed. Heinonen 
and Bosso, 1994:55 ARGENTINA: Jujuy (Parque 
Nacional Calilegua, Caimancito). 

[Caluromys] constantiae: Matschie, 1916:270 clas- 
sification. 

Marmosa constantiae constantiae: Tate, 1933:75 
BRAZIL: Mato Grosso (Chapada [= Chapada dos 
Guimaraes]); BOLIVIA: Santa Cruz (Buenavista; 
Rfo Sara, near Buenavista; Cerro Hosana; Rio Su- 
rutii). Vieira, 1955:351 BRAZIL: Mato Grosso 
(Chapada [= Chapada dos Guimaraes]; Porto Faia, 
not located); Mato Grosso do Sul (Campo Grande). 

Micoreus constantiae constantiae: Anderson, 1997: 
156 BOLIVIA: Beni (Cascajal, across river; Rio 
Itenez, opposite Costa Marques; Villa Monte; El 
Porvenir, 5 km N); Cochabamha (Yungas; Tablas 
Monte, 9.4 km N; Tablas Monte, 4.4 km N); La 
Paz (Campamento Moira, Alto Madidi; Ixiamas, 13 
km W; Rio Machariapo; Puerto Linares; Palos 
Blancos; La Reserva); Pando (La Cruz). Mares and 
Braun, 2000:34 ARGENTINA: Jujuy (Altura de 
Yuta, Rio San Francisco; Parque Nacional Calile- 
gua); Salta (Oran; Parque Nacional Baritu). 

Marmosa budini Thomas, 1920a: 195 ARGENTI- 
NA: Jujuy (type locality, Altura de Yuto, 70 km N 
of Villa Carolina, Rfo San Francisco, 500 m; ho- 
lotype, male, skin and skull, BMNH 20.1.7.134, 
collected 3 July 1919 by E. Budin). Gardner, 1993: 
20 listed. 

[Marmosa] budini: Krumbiegel, 1941c:6 BOLIVIA: 
Santa Cruz (San Jose, Rfo San Miguel). 

Marmosa constantiae budini: Tate, 1933:76 AR- 
GENTINA: (holotype). 

Marmosa constanciae budini: Olrog, 1959:404 in- 
correct subsequent spelling ARGENTINA: Salta 
(Oran |= San Ramon de la Nueva Oran|). 

Marmosa constantiae budini: Anderson, 1997:156 
BOLIVIA: Chuquisaca (Rfo Limon; Chuyayacu, 2 
km E); Santa Cruz (Pajaral; Rfo Mamore, 2 km N 
of mouth of Rfo Chapare; Rfo Ichilo, 54 km S of 
mouth of Rfo Chapare; Yapacanf; Santa Rosa, 7 km 
N; Buena Vista, 25 km W, W bank Rfo Yapacanf; 
Rfo Surutu; Cerro Hosana; Buenavista; Warnes; 
Santa Cruz de la Sierra; Santa Cruz, 27 km SE; 
Chiquitos; Estancia Cuevas; Terebinto; Boyuibe, 53 
km E); Tarija (Entre Rfos, 5 km NNW; Caraparf, 
3 km WNW). Flores et al., 2000:324 ARGEN- 
TINA: Jujuy (Aguas Negras; Aguas Negras, camp- 
ing, Parque Nacional Calilegua; Caimancito; Cali- 
legua; Mesada de las Colmenas; Rfo San Francisco, 
altura de Yuto); Salta (43.7 km NW of junction of 
Argentine Highways 50 and 1 8 on road to Isla de 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



93 



Micoureus 




90 80 70" 60 50 40 30 20 10 

Fig. 54. Distribution of the genus Micoureus: Belize to southern Panama in Central America and from northern 
South America to northern Argentina and southern Bolivia and Brazil. 



94 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 




Fig. 55. Distribution of Micoureus alstoni: Central America and adjacent Caribbean islands south to western 
Colombia. = localities given in published records. 



Cafias; Oran; Parque Nacional Baritu, desembocad- 
ura arroyo Santelmita). 
Marmoset cinerea hudini: Anderson et al., 1993:17 
BOLIVIA: Santa Cruz (Rio Surutu; Buenavista; 
Warnes; Santa Cruz de la Sierra; Cerro Hosana, 
Parque Nacional de Amboro). 

Holotype Adult male, BMNH 3.7.7.157, col- 
lected 27 August 1902 by A. Robert. 

Type Locality Santa Anna de Chapada [= 
Chapada dos Guimaraes], Mato Grosso, Brazil. 

Distribution (Fig. 56) Bolivia south into 
northern Argentina and Brazil. 



Micoureus demerarae (Thomas, 1905) 

Didelphis cinerea Temminck, 1824:46 BRAZIL: Ba- 
hia (type locality, Morro de Arara, Rio Mucuri, near 
border of Espfrito Santo [cf. Wied-Neuwied, 1 826: 
406]; syntypes several specimens collected by 
Prince Maximillian Wied-Neuwied, Johann Natterer 
and Sellow [?]. Most, if not all, were originally pre- 
served in the Vienna Museum. In 1870, the Ameri- 
can Museum of Natural History purchased part of 
the Wied-Neuwied collection, including one of the 



male syntypes of cinerea. The syntype, a skin only, 
is mounted, faded, and in poor condition. Its present 
catalog number is 845. A second syntype, in the 
Vienna Museum, is numbered 69A [cf. Pohle, 1927: 
57; Goodwin, 1953:223]). Jentink, 1888:221 
BRAZIL: one of syntypes received from Vienna 
Museum. Gardner. 1993:20 listed. 

D[idelph\s] cinerea: Wied-Neuwied (not Goldfuss, 
1809)," 1826:406 BRAZIL: Bahia (Morro d' Arara 
[= Morro de Arara], Rio Mucuri); name combi- 
nation preoccupied by Didelphys cinerea Goldfuss 
(1809:220 [= Trichosurus vulpecula Kerr]). 

Didelphx.s cinerea: Waterhouse, 1841:103 BRAZIL. 
Waterhouse, 1846:501 BRAZIL. Burmeister, 
1854:137 BRAZIL. Pelzeln, 1883:1 14 BRA- 
ZIL: Bahia. Goeldi and Hagmann, 1904:100 
BRAZIL: Para. 

\Marmosa] cinerea: Trouessart, 1898:1238 part, 
classification. Thomas, 1901e: 145 classification. 

Marmosa cinerea: Elliot, 1907:4 VENEZUELA. 
Miranda Ribeiro, 1936:361 part, BRAZIL: Rio de 
Janeiro (Angra dos Reis). Lyne, 1959:84 VE- 
NEZUELA: Merida. Pine et al., 1970:668 BRA- 
ZIL: Mato Grosso (Xavantina [= Chavantina]). 
Handley, 1976:6 VENEZUELA: Falcon (Ura- 
ma); Aragua (Estacibn Bioldgica de Rancho 
Grande); Miranda (Curupao); Amazonas (Puerto 
Ayacucho; San Juan; Belen; Cano Culebra, Cerro 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



95 




90 80 70 60 50" 40 30 20 10 



Fig. 56. Distribution of Micoureus constantiae: Bolivia, northern Argentina, and southern Brazil. = localities 
given in published records. 



96 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Duida; Capibara, Brazo Casiquiare); Bolivar (Hato 
La Florida; Hato San Jose; km 125, 85 km SSE of 
El Dorado). Reig et al., 1977:212 PERU: Ucayali 
(Rio Curanja, Balta); VENEZUELA: Aragua (Ran- 
cho Grande); Merida (Hacienda San Pedro, Santa 
Cruz de Mora [= Santa Cruz]); Amazonas (Esmer- 
alda), Cerro Duida); Bolivar (El Guri [= El Man- 
teco]; Caicara del Orinoco [= Caicara]). Husson, 
1978:14-15 GUYANA: East Demarara-West 
Coast Berbice (Coomacka [= Takama]); SURI- 
NAME: Coronie (Plantation "Mary's Hope, E of 
Totness"); Sipaliwini (Raleigh Falls); Para (On- 
verwacht); Marowijne (Langamankondre). 
O'Connell, 1979:77 VENEZUELA: Miranda- 
Guarico (Parque Nacional Guatopo). Eisenberg et 
al., 1979:191 VENEZUELA: Miranda-Guarico 
(Parque Nacional Guatopo). Mares et al., 1981: 
101 BRAZIL: Bahia (Fazenda Almeida, Ilheus; 
Banco da Vitoria, Pirataquisse, Ilheus; Aritagua 
Urucutuca, Ilheus; Buerarema da Fortuna [= Buer- 
arema Ribeirao da Fortuna, Ilheus]); Pernambuco 
(Dois Irmaos). Terborgh et al., 1984:1 PERU: 
Madre de Dios (Cocha Cashu Biological Station, 
Parque Nacional del Manu). Emmons, 1984:1 
PERU: Madre de Dios (Cocha Cashu Biological 
Station, Parque Nacional del Manu). Stallings, 
1988:175 BRAZIL: Minas Gerais (Rio Doce 
State Park [= Parque Estadual do Rio Doce]). da 
Fonseca and Kierulff, 1988:108 BRAZIL: Minas 
Gerais (Rio Doce State Park [= Parque Estadual 
do Rio Doce]). Gardner, 1988:696 VENEZUE- 
LA: Amazonas (Base Camp [= Campamento]; 
Base Camp I, Cerro de La Neblina; Camp V, Cerro 
de La Neblina; Camp VII, Cerro de La Neblina; 
Camp XI, Cerro de La Neblina). 

Marmosa (Micoureus) cinerea: Pohle, 1927:241 
BRAZIL: Pernambuco (Dois Irmaos). 

[l]Marmosa cinerea: Sanderson, 1949:788 SURI- 
NAME. 

Marmosa {Micoureus) cinerea subsp.: Pohle, 1927: 
241 BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro. 

[Marmosa] cinerea cinerea: Cabrera, 1919:36 listed. 

Marmosa cinerea cinerea: Tate, 1933:55 BRAZIL: 
Espi'rito Santo-Bahia-Minas Gerais (Rio Mucuri, 
probably near Morro de Arara); Pernambuco (Dois 
Irmaos); Rio de Janeiro; Para (Marajo [= Ilha de 
Marajo]). Vieira, 1955:351 BRAZIL: Para; Per- 
nambuco; Espirito Santo (Rio Mucuri; Rio Sao 
Jose); Rio de Janeiro (Angra dos Reis). Cabrera, 
1958:13 classification. Carvalho, 1958:123 
BRAZIL: Para (Gradaus [= Gorotire], Rio Fres- 
co). Avila Pires, 1968:165 BRAZIL: Rio de Ja- 
neiro (Angra dos Reis). Pine, 1973b:55 BRAZIL: 
Para (Belem). Avila Pires and Gouvea, 1977:9 
BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro (Monte Serrat; 
Macieiras). 

Micoureus cinereus: Lesson, 1842:186. Emmons and 
Romo, 1994:140 PERU: Madre de Dios (Cerros 
del Tavara). Emmons, 1990:72 BOLIVIA: La Paz 
(Ixiamas). Patterson, 1992:7 BRAZIL: Amazonas 
(Codajaz); Para (Cameta). 

Philander cinereus: Gray, 1843:101 South America. 

Grymaeomys cinereus: Burmeister, 1856:78 classi- 
fication. 

Caluromys cinereus: J. A. Allen, 1900a: 189 classi- 
fication. 



Didelphis cinereus: Avila Pires, 1965:4 BRAZIL: 
Bahia (type locality, Morro d' Arara [= Morro de 
Arara], some 30 km W of mouth of Rio Mucuri; 
holotype, male, skin, formerly mounted, AMNH 
845). 

Marmosa cinerea demerarae Thomas, 1905:313 
GUYANA (type locality). Anthony, 1921:267 
GUYANA: Essequibo (Kartabo |now in Cuvani- 
Mazaruni]). Perez-Hernandez, 1989:364 VENE- 
ZUELA: Bolivar (Campamento, Zona de la Repre- 
sa del Guri, Rio Caroni; Alrededores de Caicara del 
Orinoco, Orinoco Medio); Merida (Las Porqueras). 
Gardner, 1993:20 listed. 

Marmosa demararae demararae: Tate, 1933:62 in- 
correct subsequent spelling GUYANA: Upper 
Demerara-Berbice (Comaccka [= Takama]); De- 
merara-Mahaica (Hyde Park); Cuyuni-Mazaruni 
(Kartabo; Bartica Grove; Kalacoon); Potaro-Sipa- 
runi (Potaro District); Upper Takutu-Upper Esse- 
quibo (Ireng Valley); SURINAME; VENEZUELA: 
Sucre (Maturfn [now in Monagas]). Tate, 1939: 
164 listed. 

Marmosa cineaea demararae: Cabrera, 1958:13 in- 
correct subsequent spelling listed. 

[Caluromys] demararae: Matschie, 1916:269 incor- 
rect subsequent spelling listed. 

Marmosa demararae: Tate, 1933:60 description. 

Marmosa demararae ssp.: Mendez, 1951:207 incor- 
rect subsequent spelling VENEZUELA: Miranda 
(La Cienaga [= La Cienega], near Baruta); Miran- 
da (Turgua). 

Micoureus demerarae: Gardner, 1993:20. Peres et al., 
1999:39 BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro (Poco das An- 
tas Biological Reserve). Patton et al., 2000:68 
Acre (Nova Vida, right bank Rio Jurua; opposite 
Igarape Porongaba, left bank Rio Jurua, Igarape 
Porongaba, right bank Rio Jurua; Sobral). Amazon- 
as (above mouth, right bank Rio Jau; Macaco, left 
bank Rio Jau; Boa Esperanca, right bank Rio Jurua; 
Ilha Paxiuba; Tambor, left bank Rio Jau; Comuni- 
dade Colina, right bank Rio Tiquie, Municipio San 
Gabriel de Cachoeira; Lago Medufnim, left bank 
Rio Negro; Seringal Condor, left bank Rio Jurua; 
Penedo; Barro Vermelho, Condor, left bank Rio Ju- 
rua; Lago Vai-Quem-Quer; Altamira, right bank 
Rio Jurua; Colocacao Vira-Volta, left bank Rio Ju- 
rua; Alto Rio Urucu, Tefe; Para (Altamira, 52 km 
SSW); VENEZUELA: Amazonas (Camp VII, Cer- 
ro de La Nablina); GUYANA: Rupununi (Quarter- 
mile Landing, Rupununi River, 5 km S of Anna); 
BOLIVIA: Santa Cruz (Flor de Oro, left bank Rio 
Itenez, Parque Noel Kempff Mercado); PERU: 
Cusco (Tangoshiari, 2 km SW, Rio Pangoreni). Ma- 
res and Braun, 2000:34 ARGENTINA: Misiones 
(Arroyo Vina |= brazo del Arroyo Garupa]; Parque 
Nacional Iguazu). Voss et al., 2001:53 FRENCH 
GUIANA (Paracou); GUYANA: Cuyuni-Mazaruni 
(Kartabo); Potaro-Siparuni (Surama, 5 km SE; 
Iwokrama Reserve); Upper Demerara-Upper Es- 
sequibo (Comackka on Demerara River); Upper 
Takutu-Upper Essequibo (Ireng Valley; Kuitaro 
River, 40 mi E of Dadanawa; Weri More, not lo- 
cated; Achamere Wan, not located). 

Marmosa domina Thomas, 1920b:280 BRAZIL: 
Para (type locality, Villa Braga, Rio Tapajos; ho- 
lotype, female, skin and skull, BMNH 20.7.14.39, 
collected 19 June 1917 by Emilia Snethlage). Tate, 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



97 



1933:72 BRAZIL: "Amazonia*: Para (Villa 
Braga. Rio Tapajoz): Roraima [formerly Rio Bran- 
co] (Serra da Lua. near Boa Vista. Rio Branco): 
Amazonas (Lago do Capiranga: Lago do Arara: 
Ayapua [= Aipua]. Rio Purus: Villa Bella Imper- 
atriz [= Parintins]: Rio Andira. boca). Carvalho. 
1962:285. 296 BRAZIL: Amapd (Rio Araguari. 
Macapa). Avila Pires. 1964:8. 1 1 BRAZIL: Para 
(Villa Braga. Rio Tapajos): Amazonas (Manaus). 
Gardner. 1993:20 listed. 

Marmosa limae Thomas. 1920b:282 BRAZIL: 
Ceard (tvpe locality; holotvpe. female, skin and 
skull. BMNH 20.7.14.41: collected 1916 by F. 
Lima and lived for some months in the Para Mu- 
seum, died 11 March 1916). Gardner. 1993:20 
listed. 

Micoureus limae: Patton et al.. 2000:67-68 (tenta- 
tively to the coastal Mata Atlantica. Brazilian 
clade) BRAZIL: Minas Gerais (Parque Estadual 
do Rio Preto. 15 km S of Sao Goncalo do Rio 
Preto: Parque Estadual do Rio Doce. 13 km E of 
Marlieria): Espirito Santo (Fazenda Santa Terezin- 
ha. 33 km NE of Linhares): Sao Paulo (Fazenda 
Intervales. Capao Bonito). 

Marmosa demararae areniticola Tate. 1931:2 VE- 
NEZUELA: Bolivar (type locality. Arabupu [= Ar- 
abopo]. foot of Cerro* Roraima.' 4200 ft [= 1300 
mj: holotvpe. male, skin and skull. AMNH 75691. 
collected 29 December 1927 bv G.H.H. Tate and 
T. D. Carter). Tate. 1933:63 VENEZUELA: Bo- 
livar (Arabupu [= Arabopo], Cerro Roraima). Tate. 
1939:164 VENEZUELA: Bolivar (Cerro Rorai- 
ma. 1300 m: Auvan-tepui. 460-1850 m). Gardner. 
1993:20 listed." 

Marmosa cinerea arenticola: Perez-Hernandez. 1989: 
364 VENEZUELA: Bolivar (Carretera El Dora- 
do Santa Elena). 

Marmosa demararae esmeraldae Tate. 1931:2 VE- 
NEZUELA: Amazonas (type locality. Esmeralda, 
near foot of Cerro Duida. upper Orinoco. 325 ft [= 
95 m]: holotvpe. male. AMNH 76964: collected 7 
October 1928 by G.H.H. Tate: Casiquiare Canal 
and Cerro Duida region to 6200 ft [= 1930 m]). 
Tate. 1933:64 VENEZUELA: Amazonas (Esmer- 
alda: Cerro Duida: upper Rio Orinoco: Rio Ocamo. 
SW of Esmeralda: Casiquiare Canal: Quemapure. 
Casiquiare Canal). Tate. 1939:164 VENEZUE- 
LA: Amazonas (Cerro Duida. 100-2000 m). Gard- 
ner. 1993:20 listed. 

[Marmosa demararae] esmeraldae: Krumbieael. 
1 94 lc:5 VENEZUELA: Aragua (Maracay). 

Marmosa cinerea esmeraldae: Perez-Hernandez. 
1989:365 VENEZUELA: Amazonas (La Esmer- 
alda: Campamento No. 2. Duida: Isla Cigarron. Rio 
Negro: Rio Manapiare. San Juan de Manapiare: Rio 
Casiquiare. Capibara: Raudal Cerguera. Rio Au- 
tana). 

Marmosa cinerea paraguayana Tate. 1931:1 PAR- 
AGUAY: Guaird (type locality. Villa Rica [= Vil- 
larica]: holotvpe. adult male. BMNH 25.5.1.15. 
collected by Schade): BR.AZIL: Minas Gerais (La- 
goa Santa): Santa Catarina. Tate. 1933:58 PAR- 
AGUAY: Guaird (Villa Rica [= Villarica]): Para- 
guari (Sapucay [= Sapucaf]); BRAZIL: Parana 
(Rio Jordao): Santa Catarina (Hansa [= Corupa]): 
"Rio de Janeiro. Sao Paulo": Sao Paulo (Piquete): 



Minas Gerais (Lagoa Santa). Yepes. 1938:42 
PARAGUAY: BRAZIL: ARGENTINA: (no speci- 
mens). Vieira. 1949:350 BRAZIL: Rio Grande 
do Sul. Vieira. 1955:351 BRAZIL: Minas Gerais 
(Lagoa Santa): Sao Paulo (Itapetininga: Bauni; 
Ubatuba: Tambaii): Parana: Santa Catarina (Join- 
ville [= Join vile]: Colonia Hansa [= Corupa]). Ca- 
brera. 1958:1-4 classification. Gardner. 1993:20 
listed. 

[Marmosa cinerea] paraguaxana: Krumbiegel. 
1 94 lc:3 PARAGUAY: San Pedro (Nueva Ger- 
mania). 

Marmosa demararae meridae Tate. 1931:3. 65 VE- 
NEZUELA: Merida (type locality. Cafetos de Me- 
rida. 1630 m: holotvpe. male, skin and skull. 
USNM 137510: collected 14 June 1904 by Sala- 
mon Bricefio Gabaldon). Tate. 1933:65. 66 part. 
VENEZUELA: Merida (Merida region; Cafetal de 
Chama [= Hama]: Cafetal de Llano, not located; 
Cafetal Fuente. not located: Cafetal de Merida; 
Cafetal de Milla: Platanales de Ios Campos, not lo- 
cated): Carabobo (San Esteban); COLOMBIA: 
Boyacd (Miraflores): Cundinamarca (Santo Do- 
mingo de Bogota): Meta (Villavicencio). Tate. 
1947:65 VENEZUELA: Aragua (Rancho Grande. 
1100 m). Gardner. 1993:20 listed. 

Marmosa cinerea meridae: Perez-Hernandez. 1989: 
365 VENEZUELA: Aragua (Estacion Biologica 
de Rancho Grande. Parque Nacional "'Henry Pit- 
tier": Rancho Grande: La Quinta. Rancho Grande: 
Pica Periquito. El Portachuelo. Rancho Grande: 
Don Ramon. Rancho Grande: Guamitas. Rancho 
Grande); Amazonas (Pantoja. Carretera Maracay- 
Ocumare: Guacamaya. Rancho Grande): Merida 
(Hacienda San Pedro: Las Porqueros): Miranda 
(Estacion Experimental de Rio Negro): Lara (La 
Blanquita. Parque Nacional Yacambu). 

M[armosa] c[inerea] pfrimeri Miranda Ribeiro. 1936: 
360. 365. 366 BRAZIL: Goids (type locality. Pal- 
ma: syntypes. male and female, skins and skulls. 
MNRJ. presented by Dr. Rudolph Pfrimmer). Gard- 
ner. 1993:20 listed. 

Marmosa cinerea pfrimeri: Vieira. 1955:351 listed. 

M[armosa] c[inerea] travassosi Miranda Ribeiro. 
1936:360. 365. 366 BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro 
(type locality. Angra dos Reis: holotvpe. skin and 
skull. MNRJ. presented by Dr. Lauro Travassos). 
Gardner. 1993:20 listed. ' 



Holotype Female, skin and skull. BMNH 
5.1 1.1.25; collected 29 June 1905 by S. B. Warren. 

Type Locality Comaccka [= Takama], 80 mi 
above mouth Demerara River. East Demerara- 
West Coast Berbice. Guyana. 

Distribution (Fig. 57) South America in Co- 
lombia. Peru. Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname. 
French Guiana. Brazil. Bolivia. Paraguay, and Mi- 
siones. Argentina. 

Comments Previously known as Marmosa ci- 
nerea; cinerea preoccupied by D. cinerea Gold- 
fuss, 1812. 



98 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 




Micoureus demerarae 








































l... 500 1000 1500 km 



1 ' go 5 80* ' 70 5 ' 60 s 50 40 30 20 10 

Fig. 57. Distribution of Micoureus demerarae: Colombia, Venezuela, the Guianas, Suriname, Brazil, Peru, Bo- 
livia, and Paraguay. = localities given in published records. 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



99 



Micoureus regina (Thomas, 1898) 

Didelphys cinerea: Thomas (not Goldfuss, 1812), 
1880:403 ECUADOR: Pastaza (Sarayacu). Thom- 
as, 1882a:lll PERU: Amazonas (Chirimoto). 

Didelphys [{Micoureus)] cinerea: Thomas (not Gold- 
fuss, 1812), 1888b:342 part, PERU: (upper Ama- 
zonas); ECUADOR: Pastaza (Sarayacu). 

Marmosa regina Thomas 1898b:274. Tate, 1933:83 
COLOMBIA: (type locality "West Cundinamarca 
[Bogota region]"; holotype, male, skin and skull, 
BMNH 98.5.15.4). Cuervo Diaz et al., 1986:473 
COLOMBIA: Cundinamarca (Bogota). Gardner, 
1993:20 listed. 

Philander regina: J. A. Allen, 191 1:246 VENE- 
ZUELA: Aragua (San Esteban [now in Carabo- 
bo\). 

[Caluromys] regina: Matschie, 1916:269 classifica- 
tion. 

Micoureus regina: Pacheco et al., 1993:5 PERU: 
Madre de Dios (Pakitza; Altamira; Hacienda Ama- 
zonia; Itahuanfa; Cocha Cashu). Emmons, Ascorra, 
and Romo, 1994 PERU: Madre de Dios (Refugio 
Picoplancha; Explorer's Inn Reserve). Anderson, 
1997:157 BOLIVIA: La Paz (Mamas, 13 km 
SW; Apolo, 17 km N; Mapiri; Ticunhuaya; Guan- 
ay; Guanay, 5 km SE; Alcoche, 4 km NW; Car- 
anavi, 20 km NNE; Pitiguaya; Nequejahuira); San- 
ta Cruz (Punta Rieles). Patton et al., 2000:68-75 
BRAZIL: Acre (Sobral, left bank Rio Jurua; op- 
posite Igarape Porongaba, left bank Rio Jurua; Igar- 
ape Porongaba, right bank Rio Jurua; Nova Vida); 
Amazonas (Seringal Condor, left bank Rio Jurua; 
Boa Esperanca; Jainu; Barro Vermelho; Sacado; 
Nova Empresa; opposite Altamira; Penedo, right 
bank Rio Jurua); PERU; Amazonas (Huampami). 

Marmosa rapposa Thomas, 1899c:42 PERU: Cusco 
(type locality, Rio Vilcanota, 1500 m; holotype, fe- 
male, skin and skull, BMNH 98.11.1.13; collected 
December 1897 by Otto Garlepp). Thomas, 1920c: 
247 PERU: Cusco (Rio Vilcanota). Tate, 1933: 
77 PERU: Cusco (Rio Vilcanota); Puno (Santo 
Domingo, Rio Inambari, 6000 ft [= 1875 m]); Ju- 
nin (Utcuyacu; Rio Perene, 4800 ft [= 1500 m]). 
Gardner, 1993:20 listed. 

[Caluromys] rapposa: Matschie, 1916:269 listed. 

Marmosa phaea Thomas, 1899c:44 COLOMBIA: 
Narino (type locality, San Pablo; holotype, female, 
skin and skull, BMNH 98.9.5.2, collected 29 March 
1897 by Gustav Hopke). J. A. Allen, 1916a:201 
part, COLOMBIA: Narino (Ricaurte); Huila (La 
Candela). Lonnberg, 1921:69 ECUADOR: Pi- 
chincha (Mindo, 5500 ft [= 1700 m]). Tate, 1933: 
84 COLOMBIA: Narino (San Pablo; Ricaurte, 
5000 ft [ = 1560 m]); Huila (La Candela, 6000 ft 
[= 1875 m]); COLOMBIA: Cundinamarca ("Cha- 
carcito, Itoco, near Bogota"); ECUADOR: Pichin- 
cha (Ojo Negro, road from Nanegal to Anca; Na- 
negal); Loja (Santa Ana; Guainche); El Oro (Pi- 
fias); perplexa Anthony, a synonym. Gardner, 1993: 
20 listed. 

Marmosa germana Thomas, 1904a: 143. Thomas, 
1 92 la:22 ECUADOR: Pastaza (type locality, 
Sarayacu, Rib Bobonaza, 2500 ft [= 780 m]; ho- 
lotype, female, skin and skull, BMNH 80.5.6.77, 
collected by Clarence Buckley). Thomas, 1927a: 



373 PERU: San Martin (Yurac Yacu; San Anto- 
nio, Lamas, SE of Moyobamba). Thomas, 1927b: 
606 PERU: Hudnuco (Chinchavito, 3000 ft [= 
930 m]). Gardner, 1993:20 listed. 

[Caluromys] germana: Matschie, 1916:269 listed. 

Marmosa germana germana: Tate, 1933:80 EC- 
UADOR: Pastaza (Sarayacu, Rfo Bobonaza, Or- 
iente; Canelos, Rio Bobonaza). 

Marmosa waterhousei: Osgood (not Tomes, 1860), 
1914b:150 PERU: San Martin (Moyobamba); 
Loreto (Yurimaguas); synonyms, part, cinerea 
Thomas, 1888; Marmosa germana Thomas, 1904, 
from Sarayacu, Ecuador. 

[Marmosa] waterhousei: Cabrera (part, not Tomes, 
1860), 1919:39 germana incorrectly regarded as 
a synonym. 

Marmosa perplexa Anthony, 1922:3 ECUADOR: 
Loja (type locality, Santa Ana trail from Zaruma to 
Loja, 3650 ft [= 1 140 m]; holotype, female, skin 
and skull, AMNH 47188, collected 21 December 
1920 by H. E. Anthony). Gardner, 1993:20 listed. 

Marmosa rutteri Thomas, 1924c:536 PERU: Loreto 
(type locality, Tushemo near Masisea, Rio Ucayali, 
1000 ft [= 300 m]; holotype, male, skin and skull, 
BMNH 24.2.22.67, collected 10 September 1923 
by L. Rutter). Thomas, 1928a:265 PERU: Loreto 
(San Jeronimo, Rio Ucayali; Contamana, Rio Uca- 
yali). Thomas, 1928b:294 PERU: Loreto (Pebas). 
Gardner, 1993:20 listed. 

Marmosa germana rutteri: Tate, 1933:81 PERU: 
Ucayali (near Masisea, Rio Ucayali); Loreto (San 
Jeronimo, Rfo Ucayali; Contamana, Rio Ucayali; 
Sarayacu, Rfo Ucayali; Yurimaguas, Rfo Huallaga; 
Pebas, Rfo Maranon; Orosa, boca Rfo Napo; boca 
Rfo Curaray; Lagarto Cocha [= Lagartococha], Rfo 
Napo); ECUADOR: Napo (Rfo Suno, Rfo Napo; 
San Jose Nuevo, Rfo Napo). Sanborn, 1949:277 
PERU: Loreto (Yarinacocha [now in Ucayali], Rfo 
Ucayali). Baker, 1974:135 ECUADOR: Napo 
(Santa Cecilia; Limoncocha). 

Marmosa mapiriensis Tate, 1931:3 BOLIVIA: La 
Paz (type locality, Ticunhuaya, on road from Sorata 
to Guanay, Rfo Tipuani, 4800 ft [= 1500 m]; ho- 
lotype, male, skin and skull, AMNH 72555, col- 
lected 23 April 1926 by G.H.H. Tate). Tate, 1933: 
76 BOLIVIA: La Paz (Ticunhuaya, Rfo Tipuani; 
Nequejahuira, Rfo Unduavi, 8000 ft [= 2500 m]; 
Mapiri, Rfo Mapiri, 2000 ft [= 625 m]; Guanay, 
Rfo Mapiri, 1700 ft [= 530 m]); PERU: Puno (San- 
to Domingo, Rfo Inambari; Rfo Tavara, Rfo In- 
ambari). Sanborn, 1951b:2 PERU: Cusco (Haci- 
enda Cadena). Gardner, 1993:20 listed. 

Marmosa germana parda Tate, 1931:4 PERU: 
Hudnuco (type locality, Huachipa, mouth Rfo Ca- 
yumba, upper Rfo Huallaga, 3000 ft [= 930 m]; 
Chinchavito, Rfo Huallaga; holotype, male, skin 
and skull, FMNH 24140, collected 28 September 
1922 by J. T. Zimmer). Tate, 1933:82 PERU: San 
Martin (San Antonio, Lamas, Rfo Mayo [upper]; 
Yurac Yacu, Rfo Mayo [upper]; Moyobamba, Rfo 
Mayo [upper]); Hudnuco (Huachipa, Rfo Huallaga 
[upper]; Rfo Cayumba [upper], Rfo Huallaga [up- 
per], 3000 ft [= 930 m]; Rfo Chinchao [upper], Rfo 
Huallaga [upper]; Chinchavito, Rfo Huallaga; Po- 
zuzo [now in Pasco], Rfo Pachitea [upper]); Junin 
(Rio Perene [Tschudi coll.] [upper]). Gardner, 
1993:20 listed. 



100 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 




Fig. 58. Distribution of Micoureus regina: Colombia and northwestern Venezuela south to Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, 
and Brazil. = localities given in published records. 



Holotype Male, skin and skull, BMNH 
98.5.15.4; collected 1 November 1895 by G. D. 
Child. 

Type Locality Bogota region, Cundinamar- 
ca, Colombia. 

Distribution (Fig. 58) Colombia from the 
Bogota and Rio Magdalena region north into 
northwestern Venezuela; south through Ecuador, 
Peru, Bolivia, and western Brazil. 



Genus Monodelphis Burnett, 1830 [1829] 

Sarigua Muirhead, 1819:429 part, 5. brachyura list- 
ed among included species. 

Monodelphis Burnett, 1830:351 included species, 
dorsigerens [sic] [ = Marmosa dorsiguera Linnae- 
us], brachyura. Gardner, 1993:21 listed. 

Peramys Lesson, 1 842: 1 87 included species: brack- 
yurus (= brachyuros Schreber [type species by 
subsequent designation], crassicaudata Desmarest 
[= Lutreolina crassicaudata], tristriata Illiger, pus- 
ilia Desmarest [= Thylamys pusilla]). Thomas, 
1888b:354 subgenus of Didelphys [sic] Linnaeus; 
type species designation, "D. brevicaudata" [= D. 



brachyuros Schreber]. Matschie, 1916:269 sub- 
genus of Didelphis Linnaeus; invalid designation of 
crassicaudata Desmarest as type species, earlier 
fixation overlooked. Cabrera, 1919:41 type, D. 
brachyuros Schreber [= D. brevicaudata Erxle- 
ben]. 

Hemiurus Gervais, 1855:101 name attributed to I. 
Geoffroy; included species: tristriata, tricolor, 
brachyura, hunteri [Gervais, not Waterhouse = do- 
mestica Wagner]; generic name preoccupied by 
Hemiurus Rudolphi, 1809, a genus of fluke (Trem- 
atoda). Thomas, 1888b:354 synonym of subgenus 
Peramys; selected type species, "D. brevicaudata" 
[= brachyura]. Matschie, 1916:261 selected type 
species, hunteri Gervais [ = Monodelphis domesti- 
ca Wagner]. 

Microdelphys Burmeister, 1856:83 included species, 
tristriata, tricolor, brachyura velutina (a Marmo- 
sa). Thomas, 1888b:354 synonym of subgenus 
Peramys; selected type species, "D. americana" 
[ D. tristriata]. 

Microdidelphys Trouessart, 1898:1242 incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Microdelphys Burmeister in 
synonymy of Peramys. 

Microdelphis Cabrera, 1958:6 incorrect subsequent 
spelling of Microdelphys Burmeister. 

Monodelphiops Matschie, 1916:261, 267, 272 type 
species, M. sorex Hensel, by original designation. 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



101 



Minuania Cabrera, 1919:43 type species, Didelphis 
dimidiata Wagner, by original designation. 

Type Species Monodelphis brachyura Burnett 
[= Didelphis brachyuros Schreber = Didelphis 
brevicaudata Erxleben], by subsequent selection 
(Matschie, 1916:271). 

Distribution (Fig. 59) Panama south to cen- 
tral Argentina. 



Monodelphis adusta (Thomas, 1897) 

Didelphis brachxura: Roulin (not Schreber), 1843: 
23 COLOMBIA. 

Peramys adustus Thomas, 1897:219 description. 

[Monodelphis] adustus: Matschie, 1916:271 listed. 

Monodelphis adusta: Tammitt and Valdivieso, 1964: 
325 COLOMBIA: Meta (Villavicencio). Han- 
dley, 1966:755 PANAMA: Darien (Tacarcuna: 
Cana). Cuervo Diaz et al., 1986:473 COLOM- 
BIA: Choco (Serrania del Darien). Pacheco et al.. 
1993:1 PERU: Cusco (km 152, above San Pedro. 
72 km NE Paucartambo); Madre de Dios (Haci- 
enda Amazonia). Gardner, 1993:21 listed. Rageot 
and Albuja, 1994:177 ECUADOR: Pastaza 
(Mera). Perez-Hernandez, 1989:370 VENEZUE- 
LA: Tdchira (Pregonero). Perez-Hernandez et al., 
1994:28 VENEZUELA: Merida (Cordillera de 
Merida, south of Lago do Maracaibo). Anderson. 
1997:158 BOLIVIA: La Paz (La Reserva). 

Peramys melanops Goldman, 1912:2 PANAMA: 
Darien (type locality, Santa Cruz de Cana, upper 
Rio Tuyra; holotype. male, skin and skull, USNM 
179609, collected 23 May 1912 by E. A. Gold- 
man). Gardner, 1993:21 listed. 

[Monodelphis] melanops: Matschie. 1916:271 clas- 
sification. 

Peramys peruvianas Osgood, 1913b:93 PERU: San 
Martin (type locality, Moyobamba; holotype, male 
skin and skull, FMNH 19362. collected 21 July 
1912 by W. H. Osgood and M. P. Anderson). Os- 
good, 1914b: 147 PERU: San Martin (Moyo- 
bamba). Thomas, 1920c:248 PERU: Cusco (Oco- 
bamba Valley). Gardner, 1993:21 listed. 

Monodelphis peruvianus: Matschie. 1916:271 list- 
ed. 

Monodelphis peruviana peruviana: Ceballos. 1958: 
48 incorrect subsequent spelling PERU: Loreto 
(Pucallpa [now in Ucayali]). 

Monodelphis adusta peruviana: Cabrera. 1958:6 in- 
correct subsequent spelling Ceballos. 1959:265 
PERU: Loreto (Pucallpa [now in Ucayali]). 

Monodelphis kunsi: Anderson, 1997 BOLIVIA: La 
Paz (La Reserva). 

Holotype Skin and skull, BMNH 97.7.2.1. 

Type Locality "W. Cundinamarca, in the 
low-lying hot regions," Colombia. 

Distribution (Fig. 60) Panama south through 
Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia; northwest- 
ern Venezuela. 



Monodelphis americana (Miiller, 1776) 

Mus araneus, figura muris Marcgrave, 1648:229. 

Musaraigne de Bresil Buffon. 1767:160. 

Sorex americanus Miiller. 1776:36 Gardner, 1993: 
21 listed. 

Peramys americanus: Ihering, 1894:12 BRAZIL: 
iheringi Thomas, probably a synonym. Thomas, 
19 12a:89 BRAZIL: Para (Benavides, near Para). 
Miranda Ribeiro, 1936:414 BRAZIL: Para. 

Monodelphis (Microdelphys) americanus: Pohle, 
1927:240 BRAZIL: Pernambuco (Dois Herma- 
nos [= Dois Irmaos]). 

Didelphys americana: Thomas, 1888b:363 BRA- 
ZIL: synonyms, brasiliensis Erxleben. tristriatus II- 
liger, trilineata Lund. 

[Microdelphys] americana: Matschie, 1916:272 
tristriata Illiger a synonym. 

Monodelphis americana: Davis, 1945b:280 BRA- 
ZIL: Rio de Janeiro (Teresopolis). Davis. 1947:3 
BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro (Teresopolis). Vieira, 
1949:358-359 BRAZIL: Sao Paulo (Bauru; Uba- 
tuba: Piracicaba): Rio de Janeiro (Ilha Grande); Mi- 
nas Gerais (Mariana). Avila Pires. 1968:167 
BRAZIL: Goids (Veadeiros). da Fonseca and Ki- 
erulff, 1988:117 BRAZIL: Minas Gerais (Fazen- 
da Montes Claros). Langguth and Lima, 1988:1 
BRAZIL: Paraiba (Joao Pessoa). Mares and 
Ernest. 1995:755 BRAZIL: Distrito Federal (Re- 
serva Ecologica Biologica do Instituto de Geografia 
e Estatistica [IGBE]). 

[Sorex] brasiliensis Erxleben, 1777:127 name based 
primarily on the Mus araneus of Marcgrave; type 
locality. Brazil. Gardner. 1993:21 listed. 

Sorex brasiliensis: Schreber. 1777:577. 

Sorex Brasiliensis: E. Geoffroy, 1811:172, footnote 
1 Didelphis tricolor E. Geoffroy regarded as a 
synonym. 

Sorex braziliensis: Thomas, 1888b:363 incorrect 
subsequent spelling. 

[Didelphys] tristriata Illiger. 1815:107. 112 BRA- 
ZIL: Pernambuco (type locality [now restricted]); 
name based on the 'Sorex brasiliensis" of Marc- 
grave. Gardner. 1993:21 listed. 

D[idelphys]. tristriata: Olfers, 1818:206 BRAZIL: 
Para; Maranhdo; Pernambuco. 

Didelphys tristriata: Lichtenstein, 1817:217 Mus 
araneus of Marcgrave. Pelzeln. 1883: 116 BRA- 
ZIL: Sao Paulo (Ipanema). 

Didelphis tristriata: Kuhl. 1820:63 BRAZIL; spec- 
imen in Berlin Museum; Sorex surinamensis E. 
Geoffroy a possible synonym. 

Microdelphys tristriata: Burmeister, 1856:84 BRA- 
ZIL: Rio de Janeiro (Novo Friburgo). 

[Cuica] tristriata: Liais, 1872:330 classification. 

Peramys tristriatus: Lesson, 1842:187. Goeldi, 1894: 
463 BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro (Serra dos Orgaos). 
Goeldi and Hagmann, 1904:100 BRAZIL: Para 
(vicinity of Para [= Belem]). 

Hemiurus tristriatus: Winge, 1893:8, 58 BRAZIL: 
Minas Gerais (Lagoa Santa). 

H[emiurus] tristriatus: Miranda Ribeiro, 1905:189 
BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro (Monte Serrat. Itatiaya [= 
Pico das Agulhas Negras]). 

Didelphis trilineata Lund. 1839:233 nomen nudum; 



102 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Monodelphis 







/ 

\ / 



C i o" 80 ' 70 "' 60~ 50 40 30 20 10 

Fig. 59. Distribution of the genus Monodelphis: southern Panama in Central America and throughout South 
America east of the Andes. = localities given in published records. 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



103 



Monodelphis adusta 




1500 km 



30 

Fig. 60. Distribution of Monodelphis adusta in Central and South America: Panama south through Colombia, 
Ecuador, and Peru and in northwestern Venezuela. = localities given in published records. 



BRAZIL: Minas Gerais (Rio das Velhas). Gardner. 
1993:21 listed. 

Holotype Not known to be in existence: 
name based on ^brasilianische Spitzmause, i.e.. 
the musaraigne de Bresil of Buffon and the mus 
araneus of Marcgrave." 

Type Locality Brazil; restricted to Pernam- 
buco (cf. Thomas, 191 lb: 123), the general locale 
of Marcgrave 's animals. 

Distribution (Fig. 61) Eastern Brazil from 
Para in the north to Santa Catarina in the south. 



Monodelphis brevicaudata (Erxleben, 1777) 

Muris silvestris americani femina Seba. 1734:50. 

[?]Die surinamische Spitzmaus Schreber, 1777:575 
SURINAME. 

Touan Buffon. 1789:252 FRENCH GUIANA: 
(Cayenne). 

[Didelphis] brevicaudata: Erxleben, 1777:80. Gard- 
ner. 1993:21 listed. 

Didelphys brevicaudata: Thomas, 1888b:356 BRA- 
ZIL: Bahia; synonyms, brachyura Schreber, suri- 



namensis Gmelin. touan Shaw, touan Bechstein, 
tricolor E. Geoffroy. brevicaudis Illiger [?], sebae 
Gray, humeri Waterhouse. BRAZIL: Bahia. Thom- 
as. 1892:314 type of Seba's Muris silvestris 
americani femina in the Lidth de Jeude Collection 
in the British Museum. 
Monodelphis brevicaudata, Tate. 1923:65 VENE- 
ZUELA: Bolivar (Rio Supamo: El Manaco; Ica- 
baru): Amazonas (Puerto Ayacucho. Acanana; Es- 
meralda: Tamatama; Capibara: Boca Mavaca). 
Husson. 1978:12 SURINAME: Brokopondo 
(Brokopondo: Brownsberg): Paramaribo (De Mor- 
genstond: Paramaribo: Cultuurtuin); Commewijne 
("Clevia"): Saramacca ("Jarikaba"); Marowijne 
(Langamankondre). Patterson. 1992:6 BRAZIL: 
Para (Cameta: Marai). Pacheco et al.. 1993:1 
PERU: Madre de Dios (Pakitza). Anderson, 1997: 
158 BOLIVIA: La Paz (Guanay: Guanay, 5 km 
SE; Alcoche. 4 km NW); Pando (Centro Dieci- 
ocho: Independencia: Santa Rosa). Voss et al., 
2001:54 GUYANA: Pomeroon-Supenaam (Su- 
penaam River): Cuyuni-Mazaruni (First Falls on 
Cuyuni River: Kartabo: Bartica Grove: Kamakusa); 
Essequibo Islands-West Demerara (Buck Hall): 
Potaro-Siparuni (Anundabaru: Minnehaha Creek: 
Potaro) Upper Demerara-Berbice (Dubulay 
Ranch): FRENCH GUIANA (Arataye: Cacao; 
Cayenne: St. Eugene; Paracou: Sophie; Tamanoir: 



104 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 




c=> 




Monodelphis americana 







500 1000 1500 km 



90 



80 



70 



60 



50" 



40" 



30 



20 



10 







Fig. 61. Distribution of Monodelphis americana: eastern Brazil from Para south to Santa Catarina. = localities 
given in published records. 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



105 



Trois Sauts); SURINAME: Brokopondo (Browns- 
berg: Finisanti); Marowijne (Albina. 3 km SW; 
Langamankondre; Moengo. 10 km N and 4 km W); 
Sipaliwini (Oelemarie: Paloemeu Airstrip: Raleigh 
Falls): Nickerie (Avanavero: Kayserberg Airstrip: 
King Frederick Williams Falls); Saramacca (La 
Poule: Jarikaba near Uitkijk): Paramaribo (Cul- 
tuurtuin. near Paramaribo: Plantage De Morgen- 
stond near Paramaribo); Commewijne (Plantation 
Clevia near Paramaribo): VENEZUELA: Bolivar 
(El Dorado, 65 km SSE: El Manteco. 56 km SE: 
Reserva Forestal Imataca, not located; Arabupu: 
Auyan-tepuf: Caicara: Ciudad Bolivar); Amazonas 
(Boca Rio Ocamo: Esmeralda: Mt. [= Cerro] Dui- 
da; "Rio Casiquiari": Sierra [= Cerro de La] de 
Neblina): BRAZIL: Amapd (Serra do Navio: Serra 
do Tumucumaque); Amazonas (Manaus, 80 km N; 
Santo Antonio da Amatary); Para (Cachoeira Por- 
teira; Faro): type locality emended to Guyana. Kar- 
tabo. Cuyuni-Mazaruni. 

Pramys brevicaudatus: Cabrera. 1958:8 incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Peramys in synonymy of 
Monodelphis brevicaudata. 

[Peramvs brevicaudatus] brevicaudatus: Cabrera. 
1919:42 part, listed. 

Monodelphis brevicaudata brevicaudata: Anthony. 
1921b:268 GUYANA: Cuyuni-Mazaruni (Karta- 
bo). Tate. 1939:166 GUYANA: SURINAME: 
(type locality). Vieira. 1955:348 BRAZIL: Ron- 
donia (Rio Mamore. not located). Carvalho. 1962: 
284 BRAZIL: Amapd (lower Rio Araguari: Rio 
Amapari. Macapa: Igarape Rio Branco. upper Rio 
Maraca. Mazagao). Cabrera. 1958:7 glirina in 
synonymy only. 

[Monodelphis brevicaudata] brevicaudata: Avila Pi- 
res. 1964:10 (in text) BRAZIL: Para (Castanhal. 
Rio Jamunda [= Nhamunda. not located]): Rorai- 
ma (Tapajos. not located). 

Monodelphis [brevicaudata] brevicaudata: Carvalho. 
1960:123 BRAZIL: Amapd (Rio Araguari: Rio 
Amapari). 

Monodelphis b. brevicaudata: Perez-Hernandez. 
1989:370 VENEZUELA: Bolivar (San Martin de 
Turumban. Anacoco. Rio Cuyuni; km 88. Carretera 
El Dorado-Santa Elena: La Laja. Campamento 
MOP km 109. S of El Dorado. Carretera El Do- 
rado-Santa Eleana de Uairen: km 124-134. Car- 
retera El Dorado-Santa Elena): Amazonas (Acan- 
ana, Rio Cunucunuma: Tamatama: San Carlos de 
Rio Negro; Rio Negro. Cano Ardabo). 

P[eramys] brevicaudatus: Thomas. 1899a: 155 tax- 
onomic comparison. 

[Monodelphis] brevicaudatus: Matschie. 1916:271 
classification. Type locality designated. 

[Peramys brevicaudatus] brevicaudatus: Cabrera 
part (not Erxleben. 1777). 1919:42 glirina in syn- 
onymy only. 

[Didelphis] Brevicauda Boddaert. 1784:77 (name ap- 
parently proposed independently of brevicaudata 
Exleben) name based on the muris silvestris 
americani femina of Seba. 

Monodelphis brevicauda: Sanderson. 1949:788 SU- 
RINAME: Para (Zanderij). 

Didelphys brachyuros Schreber. 1777:548. 589 
South America: (type locality): name based pri- 



marily on the muris silvestris americani femina of 
Seba. Gardner. 1993:21 listed. 

[Didelphis] brachyura: Gmelin. 1788:108. Wagner. 
1 855:25 1 synonymy. 

Didelphis Brachyura: Shaw. 1800:479 synonymy. 

Didelphis bachyura: E. Geoffroy. 1803:145 char- 
acters. Demarest. 1816:429. 430 characters and 
synonomy. Desmarest. 1820:260 characters. Des- 
marest. 1827:398 characters. 

Did[elphys] brachyura [sic]: Cuvier. 1798:125 the 
touan of the Guianas. 

D[idelphys] brachyura: Olfers. 1818:205 touan 
Shaw, a synonym. 

Didelphys brachyura: Gervais. 1855:101 included 
in genus Hemiurus. 

Monodelphis Brachyura: Burnett. 1830:351. 

Sarigua brachyura: Muirhead. 1830:420 listed. 

Didelphys tricolor vel brachyura: Gray. 1827:33 
part. FRENCH GUIANA: (Cayenne). 

P[hilander] Brachyurus: Tiedemann. 1808:428 clas- 
sification. 

Peramys brachyurus: Lesson. 1842:187 classifica- 
tion. 

Paramys brachyurus: Cabrera. 1958:7 incorrect 
subsequent spelling of Peramys in synonymy of 
Monodelphis brevicaudata brevicaudata. 

Sorex surinamensis Zimmerman. 1780:386. Gardner. 
1993:21 listed. 

[Sorex] surinamensis: Gmelin. 1788:114 SURI- 
NAME. 

Viverra Touan: Shaw. 1800:432 name based on 
Buffon's touan. from Cayenne. Gardner. 1993:21 
listed. Voss et al.. 2001:58 neotype designed: 
adult male FMNH 21720 (FRENCH GUIANA: 
Cayenne). 

Mustela touan. Bechstein. 1800:358. 687 name 
based on Buffon's touan. 

Mustela Tuan: Bechstein. 1800:359. Gardner. 1993: 
21 listed. 

[Monodelphis] touan: Matschie. 1916:271 classifi- 
cation. 

Monodelphis touan touan: Cabrera, 1958:10 classi- 
fication. 

Monodelphis brevicaudata touan: Avila Pires. 1964: 
8, 9 BRAZIL: Amazonas (Manaus; Itacoatiara; 
Porto de Moz [now in Para]: Santo Antonio do 
Amaterei [= Amateri]): GUYANA: Cuyuni-Maza- 
runi (Kartabo): Potaro-Siparuni (Anundabaru [An- 
andabaru]; Minnehaha Creek): SURINAME; 
FRENCH GUIANA: (Cayenne: Tamanoir): VE- 
NEZUELA. 

Didelphis tricolor E. Geoffroy. 1803:144 holotype 
from Cayenne, in Paris Museum, specimen number 
uncertain: cf. Julien Laferriere. 1994. Desmarest, 
1820:260 FRENCH GUIANA. Desmarest. 1827: 
397 FRENCH GUIANA: (Cayenne). Jentink. 
1887b:302 FRENCH GUIANA: (Cayenne): 
GUYANA: Demerara [= Georeetown. Demerara- 
Mahaica]. Jentink. 1888:222 FRENCH GUI- 
ANA; GUYANA: Demerara [= Georgetown. De- 
merara-Mahaica]. Gardner, 1993:21 listed. 

Didelphys tricolor: Waterhouse, 1841:109 charac- 
ters. 

[Peramys] tricolor: Lesson. 1842:186 classification. 

Microdelphys tricolor: Burmeister. 1856:85 charac- 
ters. 



106 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Cuica tricolor: Liais, 1872:330 classification. 

D[idelphys] sebae Gray, 1827:190. 

[Didelphys] hunteri Waterhouse, 1841:110 (type lo- 
cality unknown; holotype, female, in alcohol, orig- 
inally in Museum of College of Surgeons, BMNH 
89.1.31.1). Gardner, 1993:21 listed. 

Didelphys Hunteri: Waterhouse, 1846:524. 

D[idelphis] macroura: Schinz, 1844:509 name er- 
roneously attributed to Pallas, 1780, in synonymy 
of D. tricolor E. Geoffroy, 1803. 

Peramys brevicaudatus orinoci Thomas, 1 899a: 1 54 
VENEZUELA: Bolivar (type locality, Caicara, Rio 
Orinoco; holotype, male, skin and skull, BMNH 
98.12.1.22, collected 10 August 1898 by George 
K. and Stella M. Cherrie). Gardner, 1993:21 list- 
ed. 

Monodelphis brevicaudata orinoci: Tate, 1939:166 
VENEZUELA: Bolivar (Mt. Auyantepui [= Cerro 
Auyan-tepuf]); Amazonas (Cerro Duida; Rib Oca- 
mo; Casiquiare [= Brazo Casiquiare]); GUYANA; 
dorsalis J. A. Allen, a synonym, BRAZIL: Rorai- 
ma (Limao, right bank Rio Cotinga). Anduze, 
1956:10 (not Thomas); VENEZUELA: Miranda 
(La Florida [now in Distrito Federal]). Reig and 
Bianchi, 1969:210 VENEZUELA: Aragua (Ran- 
cho Grande). 

[Monodelphis] orinoci: Matschie, 1916:271 classi- 
fication. 

Monodelphis orinoci: Reig et al., 1977:212 VENE- 
ZUELA: Guarico (Estacion Biologica los Llanos). 
Perez-Hernandez, 1989:371 VENEZUELA: Ara- 
gua (Hacienda La Esperanza, 8 km de Magdaleno, 
Lago de Valencia); Bolivar (Campamento, Zona de 
la Represa del Guri, Rio Caroni); Cojides (Hato 
Nuevo); Guarico (Cuartal Zaraza-San Juan de los 
Morros; San Juan de los Morros, 50 km from; Hato 
La Palmita, San Francisco de Tiznados; Hacienda 
"La Palmita," between Ortez and San Francisco de 
Tiznados; Estacion Biologica de los Llanos, Cala- 
bozo; Morichal Villasmil, Calabozo). 

Peramys brevicaudatus dorsalis J. A. Allen, 1904b: 
327 VENEZUELA: Bolivar (type locality, 
Ciudad Bolivar; holotype, male, skin and skull, 
AMNH 16126, collected 19 December 1899 By S. 
M. Klages). J. A. Allen, 1904d:337 VENEZUE- 
LA: Bolivar (Ciudad Bolivar; Suapure). Gardner, 
1993:21 listed. 

Paramys brevicaudatus dorsalis: Cabrera, 1958:8 
incorrect subsequent spelling of Peramys. 

Monodelphis [sp.]: Tate, 1931:248 GUYANA: (An- 
undabaru [= Anandabaru, now in Potaro-Siparu- 
ni]). 

Holotype Name based on the muris silvesths 
americani femina of Seba, preserved in spirits 
with extracted skull in the Lidth de Jeude Collec- 
tion, BMNH 67.4.12.540. 

Type Locality Forests of South America; re- 
stricted to Suriname by Matschie (1916:271); 
emended to GUYANA: Cuyuni-Mazaruni (Kar- 
tabo) by Voss et al., 2001:57, who explain that 
the pelage color of the holotype is incompatible 
with an origin in Suriname. 



Distribution (Fig. 62) Venezuela, Suriname, 
Guyana, French Guiana, south to Peru, Bolivia, 
the Amazon basin of Brazil, and Minas Gerais in 
southeastern Brazil. 



Monodelphis brevicaudis Olfers, 1818 

Micoure cinquieme ou micoure a queue courte Azara, 
1801:295. 

Col icorto Azara, 1802:258. 

[Didelphys] brevicaudis Illiger, 1815:107 nomen 
nudum. 

D[idelphys] brevicaudis: Olfers, 1818:205 based on 
"Micoure a queue Az.I p. 298." 

S[arigua] brachyura: Muirhead, 1819:429 new 
combination. 

Monodelphis brevicaudis: Hershkovitz, 1959:338 
wagneri Matschie, a synonym. Wetzel and Lovett, 
1974:206 PARAGUAY: Presidente Hayes (Fortin 
Juan de Zalazar). 

[Monodelphis] wagneri Matschie, 1916:272 new 
name for D. brachyura wagneri (Azara's micoure 
a queue courte). 

Didelphis brachyura: Desmarest (part, not Schreber, 
Mil), 1816:429 micoure cinquieme ou micoure 
a queue courte Azara in synonymy. 

D[idelphis] Tricolor vel brachyura: Gray (part, not E. 
Geoffroy, 1803 and Schreber, 1777), 1827:33 
PARAGUAY: "Azara, during his stay at Paris, rec- 
ognized in the individuals of this species which 
form part of the collection of the Museum of Nat- 
ural History, his own fifth micoure." 

Didelphis tricolor: Desmarest (part, not E. Geoffroy, 
1803), 1820:260 Azara's micoure a queue courte 
in synonymy. Desmarest, 1827:397 Azara's mi- 
coure a queue courte in synonymy. 

Peramys brevicaudatus: Bertoni (not Erxleben, 1777), 
1914:69 PARAGUAY: Alto Parana (Piraqui, not 
located). Bertoni, 1939:6 PARAGUAY. 

Peramys brevicaudata: Dennler (not Erxleben, 1777), 
1939:232. 

Type Azara's description of the micoure a 
queue courte is based in two specimens from Par- 
aguay; neither of these specimens is known to 
have been preserved 

Type Locality "Paraguay" as then defined. 

Distribution (Fig. 63) Paraguay: exact distri- 
bution unknown. 

Remarks Hershkovitz (pers. comm.) treated 
brevicaudis as a distinct species. This is contro- 
versial, and future researchers may find it neces- 
sary to reassign this species name. 



Monodelphis dimidiata (Wagner, 1847) 

D[idelphis] dimidiata Wagner, 1847:151, third foot- 
note. Thomas, 1888b:355 BRAZIL: Rio Grande 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



107 




20 10 



Fig. 62. Distribution of Monodelphis brevicaudata: Venezuela east through the Guianas and Suriname. south 
through Brazil, southern Peru, and western Bolivia. = localities given in published records. 



108 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



20 



30 



40 



50 




Monodelphis brevicaudis 



1500 km 



90 80 70" 60 50 40 30 20 10 

Fig. 63. Distribution of Monodelphis brevicaudis: Paraguay. = localities given in published records. 



do Sul (Taquara; Sao Lourenco do Sul); URU- 
GUAY: Maldonado (Maldonado). Gardner, 1993: 
21 listed. 

[Monodelphis] dimidiata: Matschie, 1916:272 clas- 
sification. 

Monodelphis dimidiata: Sanborn, 1929:150 URU- 
GUAY: Montevideo (Montevideo). Talace et al., 
1960:149 URUGUAY: Cane tones (40 km N of 
Canelones). Fornes and Massoia, 1965:102 AR- 
GENTINA: Buenos Aires (Miramar). Avila Pires, 
1968:163 BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro (Campo Bel- 
lo). Reig and Bianchi, 1969:1210 ARGENTINA: 
Buenos Aires (Arroyo Brusquitas, General Pueyr- 
reddn). Reig et al., 1977:212 ARGENTINA: 
Buenos Aires (Arroyo Brusquitas). Avila Pires and 
Gouvea, 1977:8 BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro (Cam- 
po Bello; Monte Serrat; Maromba; Maromba- 
Maua). Pine et al., 1985:196 ARGENTINA: Cor- 
doba (Rib Ceballos); Buenos Aires (Balcarce; Bal- 
carce, 15 km NW; Estacion Experimental del In- 
stituto Nacional de Technologica Agropecuaria 
[INTA]; INTA Areas [ditches on Ruta 226, en- 
trance gate to INTA; "Hill Plot"; Crovetto Field, 
6 km N of Balcarce; Pergamino; Ruta 188, Curva 
de Pena]); URUGUAY: Maldonado (Maldonado). 
Mares et al., 1997:105 ARGENTINA: Tucumdn 
(Concepcion). Morando and Polop, 1997:131 
ARGENTINA: Cordoba. Mares and Braun, 2000: 
35 ARGENTINA: Buenos Aires (Arroyo Brus- 



quitas; Arroyo Chocori; Arroyo del Pescado; Baliza 
Caniu; Baliza San Andres; Miramar; Estacion Ex- 
perimental del Instituto de Tecnologfa Agropecu- 
aria [INTA], 15 km NW Balcarce; INTA areas, 
Ruta 226, between km 65 and 75; Ruta 226; "Hill 
Plot"; "Crovetto Field"; Estacion Tambo Nuevo y 
Ruta 188, km 60, Partido de Pergamino; Pergami- 
no; Ruta 188, Curva de Pena; Santa Clara del Mar; 
Sierra de La Peregrina); Cordoba (Rio Ceballos; 
Yacanto); La Pampa (Caleufu); Misiones (Arroyo 
Zaiman; El Cruce, not located); Salta (Tartagal); 
Buenos Aires (La Tinta; Sierra de La Tinta). 

[Minuania] dimidiata: Cabrera, 1919:44 classifica- 
tion. 

Minuania dimidiata: Devincenzi, 1935:91 URU- 
GUAY. 

M\inuania\ dimidiata: Miranda Ribeiro, 1936:419 
BRAZIL: Rio Grande do Sul (Taquara do Mundo 
Novo [= Taquara]; Sao Lourenco do Sul). 

Peramys dimidiatus: Ihering, 1892:100 BRAZIL: 
Rio Grande do Sul. Thomas, 1900:349 BRAZIL: 
Parana (Palmeira). Bertoni, 1939:6 PARA- 
GUAY: Alto Parana (Puerto Bertoni); not the col- 
icorto of Azara. Lyne, 1959:84 BRAZIL: Parana 
(Palmeira). 

Didelphys brachyura: Waterhouse (not Schreber, 
1777), 1838:64. Waterhouse, 1839:97 URU- 
GUAY: Maldonado (Maldonado). Waterhouse, 
1841:111 URUGUAY: Maldonado (Maldonado). 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



109 



20 



30 



40 



50 




Monodelphis dimidiata 



--. 500 1000 1500 km 



90 



80 r 



70 r 



60 



5C ; 



40=' 



30'" 



20* 



10 



: 



Fig. 64. Distribution of Monodelphis dimidiata: southeastern Brazil. Uruguay, and northern and central Argentina. 
= localities given in published records. 



Waterhouse, 1 846:522 part, URUGUAY: Mal- 
donado (Maldonado). Burmeister, 1854:141 
BRAZIL. Burmeister. 1856:86 part. URUGUAY. 
Burmeister, 1879:194 part, URUGUAY. 

D[idelph\s] brachyura: Wagner (not Schreber, 1777), 
1855:251 part", URUGUAY. 

Microdelphxs brachyura: Burmeister. 1856:86. Hen- 
sel, 1873:122 BRAZIL: Rio Grande do Sid. 

Didelphxs brevicaudata: Figueira (not Schreber). 
1894:7 (separate) part, URUGUAY. 

Monodelphis fosteri Thomas. 1924b:586 ARGEN- 
TINA: La Pampa (type locality, Caleufu. station on 
Western Railway: holotype. immature female, skin 
and skull. BMNH 24.4.5.1, collected 10 April 1923 
and presented by Frank Foster). Pine et al.. 1985: 
206 ARGENTINA: La Pampa (Caleufu): URU- 
GUAY: Montevideo (Colon). Gardner, 1993:21 
listed. 

Minuania fosteri: Cabrera and Yepes, 1940:34. 

Monodelphis (Minuania) fosteri: Crespo. 1964:62. 
124 ARGENTINA: Cordoba (Yacanto), Buenos 
Aires (Abra de la Ventana, Sierra de la Ventana: 
Tornquist, 550 m); Salta (Tartagal). 

Minuania dimidiata itatiayae. Cabrera, 1958:11 cit- 
ed in synonymy of Monodelphis dimidiata Wagner. 

Holotype Male, skin and skull, BMNH; col- 
lected by Charles Darwin. 



Type Locality Maldonado, Uruguay. 

Distribution (Fig. 64) Uruguay, Paraguay, 
southeastern Brazil, and the northern half of Ar- 
gentina. 



Monodelphis domestica (Wagner, 1842) 

Didelphxs domestica Wagner. 1842:359. Wagner. 
1848:153 BRAZIL: Mato Grosso (Cuyaba [Cu- 
iaba]). Thomas. 1888b:358 BRAZIL: Mato Gros- 
so (Cuyaba [Cuiaba]. cotype): Goids. Vieira. 1955: 
348 BRAZIL: Bahia (Machada Portela: Feira de 
Santana): Goids (Cana Brava; Rio Sao Domingos); 
Mato Grosso do Sul (Miranda): Minus Gerais (Bar- 
ro Alto Rio Sao Francisco, not located). Gardner, 
1993:21 listed. 

Microdelphxs domestica: Burmeister. 1856:117 
BRAZIL. 

Monodelphis domestica: Pine. 1979:497 BOLIVIA: 
Beni (San Joaquin: La Granja. Itenez); Chuquisaca 
(Tomima): Santa Cruz (San Ignacio de Velasco: 
Basilio); BRAZIL: Mato Grosso (Lava Pes. Facao 
Road. Sao Luis de Caceres): Mato Grosso do Sul 
(Sao Marcus Road. Corumba): Ceard (Quixada; 
Santana do Cariri). Mares et al.. 1981:101 BRA- 
ZIL: Piaui (Fazenda Olho da Agua); Ceard (Sftio 



110 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Cereado, Jardim, Solonopole; Sftio Volta, Campo 
Sales; Sftio Constantino, Crato; Sftio Olaria, Crato; 
Sftio Araruna, Missao Velha; Sftio Cinta da Soli- 
dade, Missaa Velha; Sftio Emboscada, Missao Vel- 
ha; Sftio Lapinha, Missao Velha; Sftio Camara, 
Milagres); Bahia (Fazenda Capoeira do Rosario, 
Feira; Fazenda Cayumba, Feira; Fazenda Jacii, Fei- 
ra; Fazenda Salgado, Feira; Fazenda Cacua, Serrin- 
ha; Fazenda Oiteiro, Serrinha; Fazenda Umburana, 
Serrinha); Pernambuco (Exu; Fazenda Pinheira, 
Exu; Fazenda Batente, Exu; Escola Agricola de 
Exu; Sftio Cana Brava de Jerico, Triunfo; Sftio Boa 
Esperanca de Jerico, Triunfo; Sftio Paus Preto, Bo- 
doco; Sftio Sao Goncalo, Bodoco; Sftio Belem, Bo- 
doco; Sftio Macaco de Baixa Verde, Triunfo; Sftio 
Sao Mateus, Triunfo; Sftio Novo, Triunfo; Sftio 
Borgens, Triunfo; Sftio Corredor do Vento, Triunfo; 
Fazenda Caianinha, Pesqueira; Fazenda Sororoca, 
Pesqueira; Sftio Xique-Xique, Bodoco; Fazenda 
Saco; Sftio Oiti, Triunfo; Sftio Riacho Fundo, Gar- 
anhuns); Alagoas (Sftio Cachoeira Grande, Vicosa; 
Sftio Lagoinha, Santana do Ipanema; Sftio Capu- 
ma, Palmeira dos Indios; Sftio Dormiao, Palmeira 
dos Indios; Sftio Riveira, Palmeira dos Indios; Sftio 
Sabia, Palmeira dos Indios; Sftio Barracao, Limo- 
eira da Anadia). Mares et al., 1989:18 BRAZIL: 
Mato Grosso do Sul (Fazenda Nhumirim); Goids 
(Cristalina). Anderson et al., 1993:16 BOLIVIA: 
Santa Cruz (San Rafael de Amboro; Basilio). An- 
derson, 1997:159 BOLIVIA: Beni (San Joaqufn; 
La Granja); Chuquisaca (Rio Limon; Tihumayu, 
Tomina province; Porvenir; Carandayti, E of); San- 
ta Cruz (San Ignacio de Velasco; Rfo Quiser [= 
Quizar]; Pailon, 8 km N and 1 km E; Pailon, 7 km 
N of San Rafael de Amboro; hunting camp, 4 km 
S and 13 km W of San Rafael de Amboro; Santa 
Cruz, 27 km S; Chiquitos; Ingeniero Mora, 7 km 
E and 3 km N; Basilio; Basilio, 3.4 km S; Santiago 
de Chiquitos, 4 km N and 1 km W; Tita; Cerro 
Colorado; Estancia Isibobo, 1 km S and 3 km W; 
Camiri, near; Boyuibe, 53 km E; Cafeces, Monte 
Grande; Santa Cruz de la Sierra, near); Tarija (Ca- 
matindi; Estancia Bolivar). Mares and Braun, 2000: 
35 ARGENTINA: Formosa (Reserva Natural 
Formosa). 

Monodelphis domestica domestica: Cabrera, 1958: 
8 classification. 

Hemiurus domesticus: Winge, 1893:8, 55 BRAZIL: 
Minas Gerais (Lagoa Santa). 

Peramys domesticus: Thomas, 1910c:502 BRAZIL: 
Ceard (Ipti; Serra de Ibiapaba [= Serra Ibiapaba]). 
Miranda Ribeiro, 1936:405 BRAZIL: Mato Gros- 
so (Cuyaba [= Cuiaba], holotype); Ceard (Ipii); 
Goids (Veadeiro [= Veadeiros]). Moojen, 1943:2 
BRAZIL: Paraiba (Lagoa do Monteiro); Pernam- 
buco (Pocao); Ceard (Crato). 

[Monodelphis] domesticus: Matschie, 1916:272. Poh- 
le, 1927:240 BRAZIL: Pernambuco (Dois Ir- 
maos); Paraiba (Penha). 

Hemiurus concolor Gervais, 1855:101. Gardner, 
1993:21 listed. 

\Monodelphis] concolor: Matschie, 1916:271 clas- 
sification. 

Hemiurus Hunteri: Gervais (not Waterhouse, 1841), 
1855:101 BRAZIL: Goids. 



Holotype In the Vienna, Munich, and British 
Museums; lectotype, adult female, skin and skull 
in Vienna Museum, collected March 1824 by Jo- 
hann Natterer. 

Type Locality Cuyaba [= Cuiaba], Mato 
Grosso, Brazil. 

Distribution (Fig. 65) Brazil to eastern and 
central Bolivia, and northern Argentina. 



Monodelphis emiliae (Thomas, 1912) 

Peramys emiliae Thomas, 19 12a: 89. Gardner, 1993: 
21 listed. 

[Monodelphis] emiliae: Matschie, 1916:271 classi- 
fication. 

Monodelphis emiliae: Thomas, 1920b:283 BRA- 
ZIL: Para (Vila Braga [= Villa Braga], Rio Tapa- 
j6z). Pine and Handley, 1984:240 PERU: Loreto 
(Quebrada Aucayo); BRAZIL: Para (Cameta; For- 
dlandia; km 217, Santarem-Cuiaba Highway; Vila 
Braga [= Villa Braga]; Flexal; km 212, Transa- 
mazonian Highway between Itaibuba and Jacarea- 
Canga). Patterson, 1992:6 BRAZIL: Para (Lago 
Tapayuna). Anderson, 1997:160 BOLIVIA: Pan- 
do (Centra Dieciocho). Patton et al., 2000:77 BO- 
LIVIA: Pando (Centra Dieciocho); BRAZIL: Acre 
(Igarape Porongaba, right bank Rfo Jurua; Nova 
Vida, right bank Rfo Jurua); Amazonas (Seringal 
Condor, left bank Rfo Jurua; Penedo). 

P[eramys] tricolor emiliae: Miranda Ribeiro, 1936: 
408 BRAZIL: Para (Villa Braga, Rio Tapajdz). 

Monodelphis brevicauda emiliae: Carvalho, 1960: 
122 BRAZIL: Para (Gradaus [= Gorotire], Rio 
Fresco; Riosinho, Rio Fresco). 

Monodelphis touan emiliae: Cabrera, 1958:9 clas- 
sification. 

Monodelphis brevicaudata: Thomas, 1920b:283 
BRAZIL: Paid (Tapirinha, near Santarem). 

Holotype Male, skin and skull, BMNH 
1 1.12.22.16; collected 13 September 191 1 by Em- 
ilia Snethlage. 

Type Locality Boim, lower Rio Tapajoz, 
Para, Brazil. 

Distribution (Fig. 66) The Amazon basin of 
Brazil, Peru, and northern Bolivia. 



Monodelphis glirina (Wagner, 1842) 

Didelphys glirina Wagner, 1842:359 BRAZIL: Ron- 
donia (type locality Cachoeira do Rfo Grande, Rfo 
Mamore). 

D[idelphys[ glirina: Wagner. 1855:253. 

[Monodelphis] glirina: Matschie, 1916:271 classifi- 
cation. 

Monodelphis glirina: Voss et al., 2001:54 BRAZIL 
(S of the Amazon and W of the Xingu. 

Peramys brevicaudatus: Miranda Ribeiro (not Erxe- 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



111 




90 80 70 60 50" 40 30 20 10 



Fig. 65. Distribution of Monodelphis domestica: eastern Brazil west to eastern Bolivia and northern Argentina. 
= localities given in published records. 



1 12 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 




20 



^O* 


V- 


s^r 



' 

\ -v.. 



Monodelphis emiliae 



"V--. 



10' 



10' 



20 



Fig. 66. Distribution of Monodelphis emiliae: the Amazon basin of Brazil west to northeastern Peru. = localities 
given in published records. 



leben), 1936:406 BRAZIL: Rondonia (Cachoeira 

do Rio Grande, Rio Mamore). 
[Peramys brevicaudatus] brevicaudatus: Cabrera, 

1919:42 glirina in synonymy only. 
Monodelphis brevicaudata brevicaudata: Cabrera 

(part, not Erxeleben), 1958:7 glirina in synonymy 

only. 

Holotype Male, skin and skull, Vienna Mu- 
seum, collected September 1829 by Johann Nat- 
terer. 

Type Locality Cachoeira do Rio Grande, Rio 
Mamore, Rondonia, Brazil. 

Distribution South of the Amazon and west 
of the Xingii in Brazil (no distribution map; lo- 
cality not located). 



Monodelphis iheringi (Thomas, 1888) 

Didelphvs (Peramys) Iheringi Thomas, 1888a: 159 
BRAZIL: Rio Grande do Sul (type locality, Ta- 
quara; holotype, male, in alcohol, BMNH 
82.9.30.43; presented by Hermann von Ihering). 
Vieira, 1955:349 BRAZIL: Espirito Santo (Chav- 
es). Avila Pires, 1987:123 BRAZIL: Rio Grande 
do Sul (Taquara). Gardner, 1993:21 listed. 



Didelphis iheringi: Thomas, 1888b:364 BRAZIL: 
Rio Grande do Sul (Taquara). 

Peramys Iheringi: Ihering, 1892:101 BRAZIL: Rio 
Grande do Sul (Taquara do Mundo Novo [= Ta- 
quara]). 

Peramys iheringi: Shufeldt, 1926:563, 573, 574 
BRAZIL: Sao Paulo (Serra da Cantareira). 

[Microdelphys] iheringi: Matschie, 1916:272 clas- 
sification. 

Peramys iheringii: Miranda Ribeiro, 1936:415 in- 
correct subsequent spelling classification. 

Monodelphis iheringii: Vieira. 1953:357 incorrect 
subsequent spelling BRAZIL: Santa Catarina; 
Sao Paulo; Espirito Santo. Pine, 1977:235 BRA- 
ZIL: Sao Paulo (Iguape); Santa Catarina (Joinvil- 
le; Colonia Hansa [= Corupa]; Hamonia [= Ibira- 
ma]; Ararangua). Mares and Braun, 2000:35 AR- 
GENTINA: Misiones (Rib Victoria, not located; 
Parque Nacional Iguazii). 

Monodelphis americana iheringi: Cabrera, 1958:7. 

Holotype Male, in alcohol, BMNH 82.9.30.43; 
presented by Hermann von Ihering. 

Type Locality Taquara, Rio Grande do Sul, 
Brazil. 

Distribution (Fig. 67) Southeastern Brazil 
and Misiones in Argentina. 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



113 



20 



20 



^: 



50 




Monodelphis iheringi 



-- 500 1000 1500 km 



90 



80 



70 



60 



50 



40 



30- 



20 



10 ; 



0= 



Fig. 67. Distribution of Monodelphis iheringi: southeastern Brazil from state of Sao Paulo south to Rio Grande 
do Sul and west to Misiones, Argentina. = localities given in published records. 



Monodelphis kunsi Pine, 1975 

Monodelphis kunsi Pine. 1975:321 BOLIVIA: Beni 
("La Granja"); Tarija (Rio Lipeo). Mares et al.. 
1989:18 BRAZIL: Disthto Federal (Brasilia. 20 
km S). Gardner. 1993:21 listed. Anderson. 1997: 
160 BOLIVIA: Tarija (Tapecua; Rio Lipeo). 

Holotype Adult male, skin, skull and skele- 
ton, USNM 461348; collected July 1971 by Merle 
L. Kuns. 

Type Locality "La Granja."" Beni. Bolivia. 

Distribution (Fig. 68) Known only from four 
localities, three in Bolivia and one in Brazil. 



Monodelphis maraxina Thomas, 1923 

Monodelphis maraxina Thomas, 1923a: 157 BRA- 
ZIL: Para (type locality. Caldeirao. Ilha de Marajo: 
Soure. Ilha de Marajo). Pine. 1979:497 BRAZIL: 
Para (Fazenda Tesa. Soure. Ilha de Marajo; Soure. 
Ilha de Marajo). Gardner. 1993:21 listed. 

Monodelphis domestica maraxina: Cabrera. 1958:8 
classification. 



Holotype Female, skin and skull, BMNH 
28.8.9.9: collected 21 February 1923 by W. Ehr- 
hardt. 

Type Locality Caldeirao. Ilha de Marajo, 
Para. Brazil. 

Distribution (Fig. 69) Known only from the 
Ilha de Marajo. mouth of Amazon. Para. Brazil. 



Monodelphis osgoodi Doutt, 1938 

Peramys peruvianus: Thomas (not Osgood. 1913). 
1920:248 PERU: Cusco (Tocopoqueu, Ocam- 
bamba Valley). 

Monodelphis peruvianus osgoodi Doutt. 1938:100. 

Monodelphis adusta osgoodi: Cabrera. 1958:6 clas- 
sification. 

Monodelphis osgoodi: Gardner. 1993:21 listed. An- 
derson. 1997:160 BOLIVIA: Cochabamba (Cho- 
re; Tablas Monte. 4.4. km N: Incachaca). 

Holotype Adult male. Carnegie Museum 
5242, collected 12 September 1921 by Jose Stein- 
bach. 



114 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Monodelphis kunsi 




" ></ 



Fig. 68. Distribution of Monodelphis kunsi: known only from four widely scattered localities in northern and 
extreme southern Bolivia and Distrito Federal, Brazil. = localities given in published records. 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



115 



Monodelphis maraxina 




80 70 

Fig. 69. Distribution of Monodelphis maraxina: known only from Una de Marajo, Para, Brazil, 
given in published records. 



Type Locality Incachaca, Cochabamba, Bo- 
livia, 2600 m. 

Distribution (Fig. 70) Southeastern Peru and 
central Bolivia. 



Monodelphis palliolata (Osgood, 1914) 

Peramys palliolatus Osgood, 1914a: 135 VENE- 
ZUELA: Tdchira (type locality San Juan de Co- 
lon). Gardner, 1993:21 listed. 

Monodelphis palliolatus: Matschie, 1916:271 clas- 
sification. Voss et al., 2001:54 COLOMBIA; VE- 
NEZUELA. 

Monodelphis (Monodelphis) palliotus: Anduze, 1 956: 
10 VENEZUELA: Carabobo (San Esteban). 

Monodelphis b. palliolata: Perez-Hernandez, 1989: 
370 VENEZUELA: Distrito Federal (Los Cana- 
les de Naiguata, Parque Nacional El Avila; Parque 
Nacional "El Avila"; El Eden Parque Nacional "El 
Avila"; Cerro El Avila; Corozal, Parque Nacional 
El Avila; Hacienda El Limon; Carretera El Limon; 
El Encantado, Hacienda El Limon; Suapo, Haci- 
enda El Limon; La Conchita, Hacienda El Limon; 
Zona Guacatal, Hacienda El Limon; Chichirivichi); 
Barinas (Barinitas; Rib Barragan, Barinitas; Bar- 



inita, 3 km SW); Carabobo (Bahio de Patenemo; 
Valle Pascua, Patenemo; Los Campamentos, Pate- 
nemo; Camino de los Espanoles, San Esteban; Los 
Quigas, San Esteban; Pira Pira); Cojedes (El Can- 
delo, Tucuragua); Merida (Zea; Bejuquero, 15 km 
N of Tovar; Cano Tigre, Zea; Mina Carbon, Zea; 
Hacienda San Pedro, Santa Cruz de Mora); Miran- 
da (El Hatillo; La Union, El Hatillo; Targua; La 
Providencia, Turgua; Los Guayabitos; Baruta; La 
Cienega, Baruta; Cortada del Guayabo; La Toma 
Capaya, Rib Marismita); Yaracuy (Agua Negra, 
Yaritagua, 30 km N); Zulia (Kasmera, base of La 
Serranfa de Perija; Estacion de Kasmera, Rfo Yasa). 

Peramys brevicaudatus: Robinson and Lyon (not Erx- 
eleben, 1777), 1901:138 VENEZUELA: Distrito 
Federal (San Julian). 

Monodelphis brevicaudata: Tate (not Erxeleben, 
1777), 1923:65 VENEZUELA: Aragua ([Esta- 
cion Biologico de] Rancho Grande). Sanderson, 
1949:788 SURINAME. Pirlot, 1963:175, 178 
VENEZUELA: Zulia (Kasmera, Rio Yasa). Han- 
dley, 1976:6 VENEZUELA: Zulia (Kasmera, Rio 
Yasa); Falcon (Mirimire); Guarico (Estacion Biol- 
ogica de los Llanos); Carabobo-Falcon-Yaracuy 
(Urama); Trujillo (Valera; La Ceiba); Barinas (Al- 
tamira); Yaracuy (Boca de Yaracuy; Minas de 
Aroa); Carabobo (Montalban); Aragua (Estacion 
Biologica de Rancho Grande); Distrito Federal 



116 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Monodelphis osgoodi I \ 



500 1000 1500 km 




Fig. 70. Distribution of Monodelphis osgoodi: southeastern Peru and central Bolivia. 
published records. 



30 
localities given in 



(Hacienda Carapiche); Miranda (Curupao; Biron- 
go; Rio Chico); Miranda-Guarico (Parque Nacion- 
al Guatopo); Sucre (Manacal). Reig et al., 1977: 
212 VENEZUELA: Zulia (Kasmera, Rio Yasa); 
Aragua ([Estacion Biologica dej Rancho Grande); 
Merida (Hacienda San Pedro, Santa Cruz del 
Moro). Eisenberg et al., 1979:187 VENEZUELA: 
Miranda-Guarico (Parque Nacional Guatopo). 

[Monodelphis brevicaudata] brevicaudata: Avila-Pi- 
res, 1964:10 (in text) VENEZUELA: Aragua 
([Estacion Biologica de] Rancho Grande). 

Monodelphis brevicaudata orinoci: Anduze (not 
Thomas, 1899), 1956:10 VENEZUELA: Distrito 
Federal (La Florida). Reig and Bianchi, 1969: 
210 VENEZUELA: Aragua ([Estacion Biologica 
de] Rancho Grande). 

Holotype Male, skin and skull, FMNH 
20524, collected 14 November 1913 by M. P. An- 
derson. 

Type Locality San Juan de Colon, Tachira, 
Venezuela, altitude 180 m. 

Distribution (Fig. 71) North and west of Rio 
Orinoco in northern Venezuela. 



Monodelphis rubida (Thomas, 1899) 

Didelphvs brevicaudata: Thomas, 1888b:356 part, 
BRAZIL: Bahia. 

Peramys rubidus Thomas, 1899a: 155. Gardner, 1993: 
22 listed. 

[Monodelphis] rubidus: Matschie, 1916:271 classi- 
fication. 

P[eramys] tricolor rubidus: Miranda Ribeiro, 1936: 
408 classification. 

Monodelphis tricolor rubidus: Vieira, 1955:350 list- 
ed. 

Monodelphis touan rubidus: Cabrera, 1958:10 clas- 
sification. 

M[inuania[ goyana Miranda Ribeiro, 1936:419 ap- 
parent lapsus for M. umbristriata. Gardner, 1993: 
22 listed. 

Minuania umbristriata Miranda Ribeiro, 1936:422, 
424 BRAZIL: Golds (type locality, Veadeiros; 
holotype, male, skin and skull, Museu Nacional, 
Rio de Janeiro, purchased from Jose Blaser). Gard- 
ner, 1993:22 listed. 

Monodelphis umbristriatus: Vieira, 1955:350. Pine, 
1976:785 BRAZIL: Goids (Veadeiros); Minas 
Gerais (Passos). 

Monodelphis americana americana: Cabrera, 1958: 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



117 



20' 



Monodelphis palliolata 




1500 km 



80" 70 60 5C W 30 

Fig. 71. Distribution of Monodelphis palliolata: northern Venezuela. = localities given in published records. 



6 part? (not Miiller, 1 776), umbristriata question- 
ably included in synonymy. 

Holotype Male, skin and skull, BMNH 
55.11.26.9. 

Type Locality Bahia, Brazil. 

Distribution (Fig. 72) In eastern Brazil from 
Goias south to Minas Gerais. 



Monodelphis scalops (Thomas, 1888) 

Didelphys (Peramys) scalops Thomas, 1888a: 158. 
Gardner, 1993:22 listed. 

Didelphys scalops: Thomas, 1888b:359. Pohle, 1927: 
240 BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro (type locality re- 
stricted to Rio de Janeiro; Teresopolis). Leuder- 
waldt, 1929:27 BRAZIL: Sao Paulo. 

[Monodelphis] scalops: Matschie, 1916:271 classi- 
fication. 

Monodelphis scallops: Cabrera, 1958:9. Vieira, 1949: 
360 BRAZIL: Sao Paulo (Sao Sebastiao; Piraci- 
caba; Piquete). Pine, 1978:380 BRAZIL: Sao 
Paulo (Piquete; Piracicaba; Sao Sebastiao); Espir- 
ito Santo (Caixa D'Agua; Forest Preserve Nova 
Lombardia); Rio de Janeiro (Teresopolis). Mares 



and Braun, 2000:35 ARGENTINA: Misiones 
(Parque Nacional Iguazii). 

[Peramys] scalops: Cabrera, 1919:43 classification. 

Peramys scalops: Miranda Ribeiro, 1935:38 BRA- 
ZIL: Rio de Janeiro (Teresopolis). Miranda Ribei- 
ro, 1936:412 BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro (type lo- 
cality, Teresopolis). Davis, 1947:3 BRAZIL: Rio 
de Janeiro (Teresopolis). Vieira, 1949:360 BRA- 
ZIL: Sao Paulo. Vieira, 1955:349 BRAZIL: Sao 
Paulo (Sao Sebastiao; Piracicaba; Piquete); Rio de 
Janeiro (Teresopolis). 

Holotype Male, skin and skull, BMNH 
51.7.21.23 (skin), 51.8.30.10 (skull); purchased 
from Lord Derby. 

Type Locality Brazil; restricted to Rio de Ja- 
neiro by Pohle (1927:240) and further restricted 
to Teresopolis by Vieira (1955:349). 

Distribution (Fig. 73) Southeastern Brazil 
from Espfrito Santo to Santa Catarina and Mi- 
siones, Argentina. 



Monodelphis sorex (Hensel, 1872) 

Microdelphys sorex Hensel, 1872:122. Gardner, 1993: 
22 listed. 



118 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 




90 80 70 60 50 

Fig. 72. Distribution of Monodelphis rubida: eastern Brazil, south from Goias to Minas Gerais. = localities 
given in published records. 



Didelphis sorex: Thomas, 1888b:362 BRAZIL: Rio 
Grande do Sul (Taquara; San Lorenzo [= Sao Lou- 
renco do Sul]). 

Peramys sorex: Ihering, 1892:101 BRAZIL: Rio 
Grande do Sul. Bertoni, 1939:6 PARAGUAY: 
Alto Parana (Puerto Bertoni). 

[Monodelphiops] sorex: Matschie, 1916:261, 267, 
272 listed. 

Monodelphis sorex: Cabrera, 1958:9 classification. 
Mares and Braun, 2000:36 ARGENTINA: Mi- 
siones (Parque Nacional Iguazu; Reserva Natural 
Estricta San Antonio). 

Didelphys {Peramys) Henseli Thomas, 1888a: 159 
BRAZIL: Rio Grande do Sul (type locality, Ta- 
quara; holotype, female in spirits BMNH 
82.9.30.37 collected by H. von Ihering). Vieira, 
1955:349 BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro (Serra de Ma- 
cae). Avila Pires, 1994:369 BRAZIL: Rio Grande 
do Sul (Taquara). Gardner, 1993:22 listed. 

Didelphys henseli: Thomas, 1888b:360 BRAZIL: 
Rio Grande do Sul (Taquara); ARGENTINA: Entre 
Ri'os (no specimens recorded). 

Peramys Henseli: Ihering, 1892:100 BRAZIL: Rio 
Grande do Sul. 

Peramys henseli: Bertoni, 1914:69 PARAGUAY: 
Alto Parana (Puerto Bertoni). Bertoni, 1939:7 
PARAGUAY: Alto Parana (Puerto Bertoni). 

Peramys henselii: Miranda Ribeiro, 1936:409 incor- 



rect subsequent spelling BRAZIL: Rio Grande do 
Sul. 

[Monodelphis] henseli: Matschie, 1916:271 classi- 
fication. 

Monodelphis henseli: Cabrera, 1958:9 classification. 
Pine, 1979:496 BRAZIL: Minas Gerais (Passos); 
Sao Paulo (Casa Grande, Boraceia; Ribeirao da La- 
goa); Rio de Janeiro (Campo Bello). Azevedo et 
al., 1982:94 BRAZIL: Santa Catarina (Seminario 
Coracao de Jesus, Corupa). 

[Monodelphis] lundi Matschie. 1916:271 BRAZIL: 
Minas Gerais (type locality, Rio das Velhas, Lagoa 
Santa); name based on specimens recorded as D. 
tricolor by Lund (1841:236; 1842:135). Gardner, 
1993:22 listed. 

P[eramys (Minuania)] d[imidiata] itatiayae Miranda 
Ribeiro, 1936:421 BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro (type 
locality, Campo Bello, Itatiaya; holotype, male, 
skin and skull, MZUSP; collected by Senhor Ziken 
and presented by Senhor E. May). Gardner, 1993: 
22 listed. 

Monodelphis tricolor paulensis Vieira, 1949:359 
BRAZIL: Sao Paulo (Pirituba; Piquete; Mogi das 
Cruzes; Ibiti [= Monte Alegre do Sul]). Vieira, 
1955:380 BRAZIL: Sao Paulo (type locality, Pir- 
ituba, outside Sao Paulo; Capital; Mogi das Cruzes; 
Monte Alegre [ = Monte Alegre do Sul]; Piquete; 
Ibiti [ = Monte Alegre do Sul]; holotype, male, skin 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



119 




90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 

Fig. 73. Distribution of Monodelphis scalops: southeastern Brazil from Espirito Santo south to Santa Catarina. 
= localities given in published records. 



and skull, Departamento de Zoologia, Secretaria de 
Agricultura, Sao Paulo, Brazil, no. 2557, collected 
13 January 1908 by L. P. Barreto). Gardner, 1993: 
22 listed. 
Monodelphis touan paulensis: Cabrera, 1958:9 clas- 
sification. 

Syntypes Male and female, Berlin Zoological 
Museum; collected by R. Hensel. 

Type Locality Taquara, Rio Grande do Sul, 
Brazil. 

Distribution (Fig. 74) Southeastern Brazil, 
southeastern Paraguay, and northeastern Argenti- 
na. 



Monodelphis theresa Thomas, 1921 

Monodelphis theresa Thomas, 1921d:441 BRAZIL: 
Rio de Janeiro. Gardner, 1993:22 listed. 

Peramys theresae Miranda Ribeiro, 1935:39 incor- 
rect subsequent spelling BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro 
(Teresopolis). 

Peramys therezae: Miranda Ribeiro, 1936:417 in- 
correct subsequent spelling BRAZIL: Rio de Ja- 
neiro (Teresopolis). 



Monodelphis americana theresa: Cabrera, 1958:7. 

Holotype Skin (from alcohol preserved fe- 
male, skull, BMNH 21.8.6.2, collected by Prof. J. 
P. Hill). 

Type Locality Serra dos Orgaos, Rio de Ja- 
neiro, Brazil. 

Distribution (Fig. 75) Southeastern Brazil. 



Monodelphis unistriata (Wagner, 1842) 

Didelphys unistriata Wagner, 1842:360. Pelzeln, 
1883:1 16 BRAZIL: Sao Paulo (Itarare). Gardner, 
1993:22 listed. 

D[idelphys] unistriata: Wagner, 1855:249 charac- 
ters. 

Microdelphys unistriata: Burmeister, 1856:87. 

Peramys unistriata: Ihering, 1894:11. 

Monodelphis unistriatus: Vieira, 1949:358. 

Holotype Male, in Vienna Museum; collect- 
ed 11 March 1821 by Johann Natterer. 

Type Locality Itarare, Sao Paulo, Brazil. 



120 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



20 



30 



40 



50 




Monodelphis sorex 



1500 km 



90" 



80' 



70 



60 



50" 



40 



30 



20 



10" 



Fig. 74. Distribution of Monodelphis sorex: southeastern Brazil, northeastern Argentina, and southern Paraguay. 
= localities given in published records. 



Distribution (Fig. 76) Known from type lo- 
cality only. 



Genus Philander Brisson, 1762 

Philander Brisson, 1762:13, 207-214 name pub- 
lished in rejected work, subsequently conserved by 
the International Commission on Zoological No- 
menclature in the Bulletin of Zoological Nomen- 
clature (1998:64) and type species designated as 
Didelphis opossum Linnaeus. Tiedemann, 1808: 
426 included species, P. virginianus Tiedemann 
[= D. opossum Linnaeus], P. murinus [= Marmosa 
murina], P. brachyurus [= Monodelphis brachyu- 
ra\. Gilmore, 1941:316 Metachirops Matschie 
antedated; distribution. Hopwood, 1947:533 
names from Brisson not valid; Philander Gronov- 
ius non-Linnaean and not available (see Bulletin of 
Zoological Nomenclature, 51 [2]: 135-138). Hersh- 
kovitz, 1949:11 type, P. virginianus Tiedemann 
= Didelphis opossum Linnaeus; Philander Brisson 
1762, and Philander Gronovius, 1763, not valid. 
Pine, 1973a:391 not the four-eyed pouched opos- 
sum. Hershkovitz, 1976:295 history, nomencla- 
ture. Husson, 1978:27 treated as synonym of Di- 
delphis Linnaeus by designation of the Virginia 



opossum as lectotype of type species Philander vir- 
ginianus Tiedemann. Hershkovitz 1981:943 Phi- 
lander valid generic name; type P. virginianus Tie- 
demann = Didelphis opossum Linnaeus. Gardner, 
1981:447 Philander valid; Husson opinion re- 
jected. Jenkins and Kurtson, 1 983 type specimens 
in Natural History Museum, London. Gardner, 
1993:22 synonymy; species (P. opossum, P. an- 
dersoni) distribution. 

Sarigua Muirhead, 1819:429 part, 5. opossum (= 
Didelphis opossum Linnaeus) listed among includ- 
ed species. 

Metachirops Matschie, 1916:262, 267, 268 included 
species, pallidus Allen, fuscogriseus Allen, grises- 
cens Allen, melanurus Thomas, opossum Linnaeus, 
canus Osgood, andersoni Osgood, quica Tem- 
minck (designated type), frenata Lichtenstein; tax- 
onomy. Miranda Ribeiro, 1936:340. Krumbiegel, 
194 lb: 199 review. Pine, 1973a:391 valid ge- 
neric name for four-eyed pouched opossum; Phi- 
lander regarded a synonym of Didelphis. 

Holothylax Cabrera, 1919:47 type, Didelphis opos- 
sum Linnaeus, by original designation. 

Metachirus Burmeister, 1854:135 subgenus of Di- 
delphys [= incorrect spelling of Didelphis] Linnae- 
us, part, D. quica Temminck only. Burmeister, 
1856:68 part, M. opossum Linnaeus only. Thom- 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



121 



20 



30' 



40 



50 




Monodelphis theresa 



500 1000 1500 km 



90 80 70 60 50 40 

Fig. 75. Distribution of Monodelphis theresa: southeastern Brazil. 



30 20 10 

localities given in published records. 



as, 1888b:329 part, Didelphys opossum Linnaeus 
only. 
Metacheirus Sanderson, 1949:787 incorrect subse- 
quent spelling of Metachirus, in combination with 
M. opossum. 

Type Species Didelphis opossum Linnaeus, 
by designation of International Commission on 
Zoological Nomenclature (1998:64). 

Distribution (Figs. 77 and 78) Tropical and 
subtropical forests including second growth, Cen- 
tral and South America, from Mexico south to 
Misiones and Chaco in Argentina and western 
Peru to southeastern Brazil; altitudinal range from 
sea level to about 2000 m above. 



Philander andersoni (Osgood, 1913) 

[l]D[idelphys]. myosuros: Tschudi (not Temminck, 
1824), 1844:14, 145, 151 PERU. Tschudi, 1844: 
250 PERU. 

Metachirus andersoni Osgood, 1913:95. Osgood, 
1914:149 PERU: Ucayali ("Yane Yacu" [= Yan- 
ayacu, now in Loreto]; Rio Paranapura, 8 mi from 
Yurimaguas [now in Loreto]). Sanborn, 1947: 
215 type history. 



M[etachirops] andersoni: Matschie, 1916:268 clas- 
sification. 

[Holothylax] andersoni: Cabrera, 1919:47 classifi- 
cation. 

Philander andersoni: Patton and da Silva, 1997: 
101 ECUADOR: Napo (Parque Nacional Yasuni, 
Onkone Sur, 38 km S of Pompeya Sur); PERU: 
Amazonas (Huampami, Rio Cenepa); Loreto (San 
Jacinto, Rio Tigre). Patton et al., 2000:82 EC- 
UADOR: Napo (Okone Gare, 38 km SE of Pom- 
peya Sur, Parque Nacional Yasuni'); PERU: Ama- 
zonas (Huampami, Rio Cenepa); Loreto (San Ja- 
cinto, Rio Pastaza); BRAZIL: Amazonas (Comu- 
nidade Colina, right bank Rio Tiquie, Municipio 
San Gabriel de Cachoeira; Rio Jau, above mouth 
right bank; Macaco, left bank Rio Jau). 

M[etachirus] opossum andersoni: Thomas, 1923c: 
603 classification. 

Metachirus opossum andersoni: Thomas, 1928b: 
294 PERU: Loreto (Iquitos). 

Philander opossum andersoni: Cabrera, 1958:34. 
Perez-Hernandez, 1989:373 VENEZUELA: Ama- 
zonas (Cano Majagua; Cano Yagua, Cerro Cucuri- 
to; Rio Manapiare, San Juan de Manapiare; Ta- 
matama; Rio Cunucunuma, Belen; Rio Casiquiare, 
Capibara; Campamento La Neblina, Cerro La Neb- 
lina; Mavaca, Alto Rio Orinoco; Sierra Parima). 

P[hilander] opossum andersoni: Gardner and Patton, 
1972:5 PERU: Ayacucho (Huanhuachayo; San 
Jose). 



122 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



20' 



30 



40 



50' 




Monodelphis unistriata 



1500 km 



7\ 



90 1 



80" 



70 



60 



50 



40 



30 



20 



10 



Fig. 76. Distribution of Monodelphis unistriata: known only from type locality in state of Sao Paulo, Brazil. 
localities given in published records. 



P\hilander] o[possum] andersoni: Baker, 1974:135 
ECUADOR: Napo (Santa Cecilia). 

Philander andersoni andersoni, Hershkovitz, 1997: 
61, 85-91 COLOMBIA: Putumayo (Puerto Asis); 
Caquetd (Tres Troncos); ECUADOR: Napo (San 
Jose, abajo; Puerto Napo, Rio Napo; Santa Cecilia); 
Pastaza (Rio Yana Rumi; Sarayacu; Montalvo; Rio 
Copataza; Rio Pindo Yacu); PERU: Ucayali ([the 
following localities are now in Loreto] Rio Curar- 
ay, boca; Lago Miranes, Rio Napo; Rio Mazan, 
boca; Santa Luisa; Orosa; Nauta; Santa Elena, Rio 
Samiria; Yurimaguas, Rio Huallaga; Yana Yacu [= 
Yanayacu], Iquitos; San Jeronimo); Ucayali (Cu- 
meria [= Cumaria]); Amazonas (La Poza, Rio San- 
tiago; Huampami, 5 mi W, Rio Cenepa); Pasco 
(Oxapampa, Inanez); Junin (Chanchamayo; Utcuy- 
acu); PERU: Ayacucho (San Jose, Huanhuachayo 
[Hershkovitz placed these specimens from Ayacu- 
cho under P. andersoni andersoni, but Gardner 
placed them under P. opossum]); VENEZUELA: 
Amazonas (Acanana, Rio Cunucunuma; Playa del 
Rio Base, Cerro Duida; Esmeralda; Merey; Belen; 
San Juan; Tamatama; Cano Majagua; Cerro Cucur- 
ito; Sierra Parima; Capibara; Mavaca; Campamento 
La Neblina). 

Metachirus opossum Tate, 1939:161 VENEZUELA: 
Amazonas (Playa del Rio Base, Cerro Duida). 

Philander opossum: Gardner and Patton, part (not 



Linnaeus, 1758), 1972:5 PERU: Ayacucho (San 
Jose, Rio Santa Rosa, 1000 m; Huanhuachayo, 
1660 m); comparisons. Reig et al., 1977:197 
PERU: Ayacucho (San Jose, Rio Santa Rosa; Huan- 
huachayo). 

Metachirus opossum nigratus Thomas, 1923c:603 
PERU: Junin (type locality, Utcuyacu, 1600 m; 
Chanchamayo; holotype, male, skin and skull, 
BMNH 1900.7.7.62, collected 21 April 1900 by P. 
O. Simons). Thomas, 1928:250, footnote PERU: 
Junin (Inanez, not located). Gardner and Patton, 
1972:5. 

Philander opossum canus: Cabrera (part, not Osgood, 
1913) 1958:35. 



Holotype Male, skin and skull, FMNH 
19655; collected 11 September 1912 by M. P. An- 
derson. 

Type Locality "Yane Yaku" [= Yanayacu], 
a chacra or farm on the Paranapura River about 
8 mi from Yurimaguas, Ucayali, Peru (now in 
Loreto, Peru). The latter is on the Rio Huallaga 
at the mouth of the Rio Paranapura (cf. Osgood, 
1914, p. 147). 

Distribution (Fig. 79) Southern Venezuela, 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



123 




Fig. 77. Distribution of the genus Philander in Central America: north-central Mexico south through Panama. 
See Figure 78 for distribution in South America. 



southern Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and north- 
western Brazil. 

Additional Records ECUADOR: Napo; Li- 
moncocha (Emmons, 1977, USNM); Llunchi, Rio 
Napo (Hershkovitz, 1936, UMMZ); Zancudo 
(Timm, 1983, FMNH); Pastaza; Intillama (= In- 
dillama), Rio Napo (Hershkovitz, 1936, UMMZ); 
PERU: Amazonas; Wanuma, Adelbert Mts., not 
located (Patton, 1977, MVZ); Loreto; Quebrada 
Oran (Barkley, 1984, LSUMZ); Quisto Cocha [= 
Quistococha]; Maynas (McGrath, 1980, KU). 



Philander frenata (Olfers, 1818) 

D[idelphis] frenata Illiger, 1815 (1 804- 1 8 1 1 ): 1 07 
nomen nudum. 

D[idelphys] frenata Olfers, 1818:204 listed. 

[Metachirops] frenata: Matschie, 1916:268 BRA- 
ZIL: Bahia (type locality originally given as Brazil, 
according to Wagner [1843, footnote 25, p. 44], the 
specimen labeled D. frenata in the Berlin Museum 
was collected by Herr Koehne in Bahia, presum- 
ably in the present Sao Salvador, which may be 
taken as the restricted type locality). 

Met[achirops] opossum frenatus: Krumbiegel, 1941: 
206 (in text) incorrect subsequent spelling. 

Philander opossum frenatus: Olfers, 1818:201 in- 
correct subsequent spelling. 



Philander opossum frenata: Hershkovitz, 1959:338, 
342 taxonomy; part, synomyms (superciliaris Ol- 
fers, myosuros Temminck). Hershkovitz, 1997:51, 
93 BRAZIL: Bahia (Bahia [= Salvador]). 

Philander frenata: Patton and da Silva, 1997:97- 
101 BRAZIL: Parana; Bahia; Goias; Espirio 
Santo (Estacao Biologica Santa Lucia. Santa Tereza 
[= Teresa]; Mato do Larva d'Agua, 1.7 km from 
Santa Tereza); Minas Gerais (Parque Estadual do 
Ibitipoca; Fervedouro); Sao Paulo (Fazenda Inter- 
vales, Capao Bonito; Fazenda da Toca, Ilha de Sao 
Sebastiao, Ilhabela; Praia do Felix, Uratuba; Esta- 
cao Biologica Boraceia; Serra do Japi, 7 km W of 
Jundiaf); Rio de Janeiro (Parque Nacional de Ita- 
tiaia, Penedo, Municipio de Itatiaia; Marica; Gar- 
rafao, Estacion Rio Terezopolis [= Terasopolis], 
Maje). Gentile et at, 1997:105 BRAZIL: Rio de 
Janeiro (Barra de Marica). Patton et al., 2000:82 
BRAZIL: Espirito Santo (Estacao Biologica Santa 
Lucia, Santa Tereza); Rio de Janeiro (Garrafao, Es- 
tacion Rio Terezopolis [= Teresopolis], Maje); Sao 
Paulo (Fazenda Intervales, Capao Bonito); Minas 
Gerais (Parque Estadual do Ibitipoca, 30 km N of 
Lima Duarte). 

D[idelphys] superciliaris Illiger, 1815(1804-1811): 
107 nomen nudum. Olfers, 1818:204 type lo- 
cality "Sudamerica". 

Didelphis myosuros Temminck, 1824:38 BRAZIL: 
(type locality); syntypes in the Leiden, Vienna, 
Frankfurt, and Maximiliam Zu Wied-Neuwied Mu- 
seum; female syntype in the Vienna Natural His- 
tory Museum, collected 3 March 1818 by Johann 



124 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 




Fig. 78. Distribution of the genus Philander in South America: throughout northern South America south to 
northeastern Argentina; in Brazil west of the Rio Tocantins-Araguaia, with the exception of Bahia. See Figure 77 for 
distribution in Central America. 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



125 



20 



10 




1500 km 



30 

Fig. 79. Distribution of Philander andersoni: southern Venezuela, southern Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and north- 
western Brazil, o = localities from unpublished records; = localities given in published records. 



Natterer, designated lectotype by Hershkovitz 
(1959:34). Hershkovitz, 1959:343, in synonymy of 
Philander opossum frenata Olfers. 

Didelphis myosurus: Wagner, 1843:footnote 25, p. 
44 incorrect subsequent spelling of myosuros 
BRAZIL: Bahia; type of "frenata Lichtenstein" 
from Bahia; collected by Kaehne. 

Metachirus nudicaudatus myosurus, Miranda Ribeiro, 
1936:345 incorrect subsequent spelling of myo- 
suros BRAZIL: Bahia. 

Didelphis quica Temminck, 1824:36. Desmarest, 
1827:387. Jentink, 1887:301 BRAZIL: Tem- 
minck collection. Jentink, 1888:200 part, BRA- 
ZIL; syntype. 

Didelphys quica: Waterhouse, 1841:90 part, BRA- 
ZIL. Waterhouse 1 846:480 part, BRAZIL. Bur- 
meister, 1854:136 BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro 
(Novo Friburgo). Pelzen, 1883:1 10 BRAZIL: Rio 
de Janeiro (Sepetiba); Sao Paulo (Ipanema [ = 
Ypanema]). 

D[idelphys] quica: Wagner, 1855:225. Giebel, 1859: 
227 "der Guica." 

Metachirus quica: Burmeister, 1856:70 part, BRA- 
ZIL: Rio de Janeiro (Novo Friburgo). Burmeister, 
1856:70 (part, not Temminck) BRAZIL: Bahia; 
Rio de Janeiro (Novo Friburgo). Hensel, 1872: 
120 BRAZIL: Rio Grande do Sul. Goeldi, 1894: 
460 Rio de Janeiro (Serra dos Orgaos). J. A. Al- 



len, 1900:195 BRAZIL: (type locality, coast re- 
gion of Brazil, just south of Rio de Janeiro). 

[Holothylax] quica: Cabrera, 1919:48 classification. 

Metachirus opossum quica: J. A. Allen, 1916b:562 
BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro (Sapitiba [= Sepetiba], 
restricted type locality). 

[Metachirops] quica: Matschie: 1916:268 BRAZIL: 
Rio de Janeiro (type locality "Sapitibi"). 

Metachirops quica: Pohle: 1927:243 BRAZIL: Rio 
de Janeiro (Barreira; Teresopolis). Schirch, 1932: 
85 BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro (Teresopolis). 

Metachiropos opossum quica: Miranda Ribeiro, 1936: 
340 BRAZIL: Santa Catarina (Porto Feliz, Rio 
Urugai, not located); Rio de Janeiro (Teresopolis). 
Vieira, 1949:345 BRAZIL: Sao Paulo; Minas 
Gerais; Espirito Santo. Ruschi, 1965:2 BRAZIL: 
Espirito Santo (coast). 

Metachirus opossum quichua: Krumbiegel, 1941b: 
200, 201, 206 incorrect subsequent spelling for 
quica Temminck BRAZIL: Sao Paulo (Juquia, 
Serra do Mar). 

Philander opossum quica: Perodini and Perodini, 
1966:28 BRAZIL: Sao Paulo (Cantareira Forest- 
al Preserve, Sao Paulo). Carvalho, 1965:251 
BRAZIL.: Sao Paulo (Boraceia). Correa Gomez, 
1984:369 BRAZIL: Mato Grosso do Sul (Salob- 
ra). Da Fonseca and Redford, 1984:517 BRAZIL: 
Distrito Federal (Parque Nacional Brasilia). Alho 



126 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



et al., 1986:447, 451, 452 BRAZIL; humid galley 
forest and valley side wet campo; cerrado [un- 
known]). Hershkovitz, 1997:86-95 BRAZIL: 
Goids (Aragarcas; Formosa; Anapolis; Trinidade); 
Distrito Federal (Parque Nacional de Brasilia; Bra- 
silia; Fazenda Agua Limpa); Minas Gerais (Con- 
ceicao do Mato Dentro; Fazenda Esmeralda; Fa- 
zenda Montes Claros; Lagoa Santa; Quartel do Sac- 
ramento; Fazenda da Floresta, Rio Matipo; Boa Es- 
peranca, Serra de Caparao; Fazenda Cardosa, Serra 
de Caparao; Alem Paraiba; Juiz do Fora; Benfica, 
Serra de Itatiaia [see Benfica, Rio de Janeiro]); Es- 
pirito Santo (Santa Teresa; Sao Joao de Petropolis; 
Vale Verde, Parque Nacional do Caparao; Pedra 
Roxa, Parque Nacional de Caparao; Cachoeira 
Bonita, Parque Nacional de Caparao; Serra; Cam- 
pinho; Vitoria; Vila Velha, Morro de Angoles; 
Caixa D'Agua; Valao de Sao Lourenco; Engenhei- 
ro Reeve [= Rive]); Rio de Janeiro (Fazenda Boa 
Vista; Rio de Janeiro; Fazenda Boa Fe [= Tereso- 
polis]; Rodeio, Serra do Mar; Sao Joao Marcos; 
Novo Friburgo; Barreira; Serra dos Orgaos; Monte 
Serrat [= Pico das Agulhas Negras], Parque Na- 
cional de Itatiaya [= Itatiaia]; Maceira, Itatiaia; Se- 
petiba; Mangaratiba; Barro Branco; Pedra Branca, 
Parati; Bemfica [= Benfica]; Sao Paulo (Serra de 
Itatiaia [Collector E. G. Holt, June 1922, gives co- 
ordinates as 2141'S, 4326'W in Minas Gerais. 
Paynter and Tray lor (1991) place Benfica in Rio de 
Janeiro]; Rio de Janeiro (Parque Nacional de Ita- 
tiaia); Sao Paulo (Avanhandava, Lajeado; Bora- 
ceia; Iporanga, Lajeado; Monte Alegre, Amparo [= 
Monte Alegre do Sul]; Sao Paulo; Cotia; Serra da 
Cantareira; Butanta; Costao dos Engenhos; Alto da 
Serra; Vila Oliveira, Mogi das Cruzes; Salesopolis; 
Casa Grande; Ponta da Boraceia; Piquete; Sao Se- 
bastiao; Serra de Itatiaia; Ipanema; Juquia); Parana 
(Rio Paracaf; Roa Nova); Santa Catarina (Join- 
ville; Hansa [= Corupa]). 

Didelphys opossum: Goldfuss, 1809:215. Waterhouse, 
1841:90 part, BRAZIL. Waterhouse, 1846:485 
part, BRAZIL. Thomas, 1888b:329 BRAZIL: Rio 
Grande do Sul (Taquara). Winge, 1893:7, 38 
BRAZIL: Minas Gerais (Lagoa Santa, Recent and 
fossil). 

Metachirus opossum: Ihering, 1892:99 BRAZIL: 
Rio Grande do Sul. Ihering, 1894:10 BRAZIL: 
Sao Paulo. Thomas, 1902d:64 BRAZIL: Parand 
(Ro?a Nova, Serra do Mar). 

M[etachirus] opossum: Miranda Ribeiro, 1905:189 
BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro (Monte Serrat, Parque 
Nacional do Itatiaia [= Pico das Agulhas Negras]). 

Philander opossum: Davis, 1945a: 122 BRAZIL: 
Rio de Janeiro (Fazenda Boa Fe; Teresopolis). 
Mello and Moojen, 1979:29 BRAZIL: (Bom Jar- 
din, gallery forest); Distrito Federal (Brasilia, gal- 
lery forest; Fazenda Agua Limpa, gallery; Guara, 
gallery, not located). 

Philander opossum opossum: da Fonseca and Kierulff 
(not Linnaeus, 1758), 1989:118, 143 BRAZIL: 
Minas Gerais (Fazenda Esmeralda; Fazenda Mon- 
tes Claros). 

Didelphis nudicaudatus: Desmarest (part, not E. 
Geoffrey, 1803), 1827:390 myosuros Temminck 
a synonym. Waterhouse, 1841:94. Jentick, 1888: 
220 part, syntypes of myosuros Temminck and 



opossum of Temminck collection. Thomas, 1 888b: 
332 part, myosuros in synonymy. 

Metachirus nudicaudatus nudicaudatus: Cabrera 
(part, not E. Geoffrey, 1803), 1958:38 "frenata 
Lichtenstein (Wagner)" in synonymy. 

Didelphis larvata Jentink, 1888:220 Natterer MS 
name on label of quica Temminck. 

Didelphis larvata in MS name in synonymy. Avila- 
Pires and Souvea, 1977:9 BRAZIL: Rio de Ja- 
neiro (Monte Serrat [= Pico das Agulhas Negras]; 
Maceira [= Maceiras = Pico das Agulhas Negras]; 
Parque Nacional Itatiaia [= Pico das Agulhas Ne- 
gras]); Minas Gerais (Benfica). 

Holotype Adult female, skin mounted, Berlin 
Zoological Museum, collected before 1815 by 
Herr Kaehne. 

Type Locality "Sudamerica"; restricted to 
Bahia, Brazil, by Wagner, 1843:44, footnote 25, 
restricted to Sepetiba, Rio de Janeiro, by Pelzen, 
1883:110. 

Distribution (Fig. 80) Coastal region of east- 
ern and southeastern Brazil and from Goias to Pa- 
rana. 

Additional Records BRAZIL: Rio de Janei- 
ro; Floresta da Tijuca (G.I.P., 1945, 1946, KU); 
Espirito Santo; Pedra Roxa, Parque Nacional do 
Caparao (Hershkovitz, 1992, FMNH); Minas Ger- 
ais; Rio Matipo (Fonseca, 1919); San Francisco 
de C, not located (Robert, 1960, BMNH); Sao 
Paulo; Iguape (de Souza-Lopes, 1976, USNM); 
Banagena, not located (1966, 1967, 1968, 
MZUSP); Parque Estadual de Ilhabella; Ilha de 
San Sabastiao (Mustrangi, 1993, MVZ). 



Philander mcilhennyi Gardner and Patton, 
1972 

Philander mcilhennyi: Gardner and Patton, 1972:2 
PERU: Ucayali (Balta, Rio Curanja, upper Rio Pu- 
rtis). Reig et al., 1977:197, 212 PERU: Ucayali 
(Balta, Rio Ucayali). Hutterer et al., 1995:10 
PERU: Huanuco (Panguana, Rfo Pachitea). Patton 
et al., 1995:7, 20, 21 BRAZIL: Amazonas (Alto 
Rio Urucu). Emmons and Feer, 1997:8 PERU: 
Ucayali (Balta); BRAZIL: Acre; Amazonas. Patton 
and da Silva, 1997:97, 101 PERU: Ucayali (Bal- 
ta; Pucallpa; Pucallpa, 59 km SW of and 59 km W 
of); Huanuco (Panguana); Loreto (Jenaro Herrera 
Biological Station; Rio Yarapa); BRAZIL: Acre 
(Igarape Porongaba, right bank Rfo Jurua; Seringal 
Sobral, left bank Rio Jurua); Amazonas (Seringal 
Penedo, right bank Rfo Jurua; Seringal Altamira; 
right bank Rfo Jurud; Alto Rfo Uriicu; Seringal 
Condor, left bank Rfo Jurua). Patton et al., 2000: 
83 BRAZIL: Acre (Igarape Porongaba, right bank 
Rfo Jurua; Igarape Porongaba, opposite, left bank 
Rfo Jurua; Nova Vida, right bank Rfo Jurua; So- 
bral, left bank Rfo Jurua); Amazonas (Seringal 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



127 




20 10 



Fig. 80. Distribution of Philander frenata: in Brazil from Parana east to Bahia and south to Santa Catarina. o 
localities from unpublished records; = localities given in published records. 



128 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 




Fig. 81. Distribution of Philander mcilhennyi: from eastern Peru east to Acre and Amazonas in Brazil. 
localities from unpublished records; = localities given in published records. 



o = 



Condor, right bank Rib Jurua; Penedo, right bank 

Rio Jurua; Altamira, right bank Rio Jurua; Alto Rio 

Urucu, Tefe). 
Philander mcilhenni: Engstrom and Gardner, 1988: 

232 incorrect subsequent spelling of mcilhennyi. 
Philander andersoni mcilhennyi: Hershkovitz, 1997: 

87 PERU: Ucayali (Balta, Rio Curanja; Pucallpa, 

Rio Ucayali). 

Holotype Adult female, skin and skull, 
LSUMZ 16395; collected 10 April 1971 by Alfred 
L. Gardner, original number 1 1 54 1 . 

Type Locality Balta, Rio Curanja, upper Rio 
Purus, altitude ca. 300 m. 

Distribution (Fig. 81) Eastern Peru in the 
Rio Ucayali Basin, southeast Balta and east into 
Acre and Amazonas of Brazil. 



Philander opossum (Linnaeus, 1758) 

Philander, Opassum, sive Carigueja, Brasiliensis; 

mas. [sic], Seba, 1734:56 (original spelling is as 

indicated). 
Philander, Americanus, seu Carigueja, cum catulis. 



saccum ventris intrantihus; foemina Seba, 1 734:57 
(original spelling is as indicated). 

Carigueja, junior, sive Opassum, cum sacco aperto, 
Seba, 1 734:57 description. 

Sarigue, Buffon and Daubenton, 1763:279 descrip- 
tion. 

[Didelphis] opossum: Linnaeus, 1758:55. 

Didelphis oposum: Brongniart, 1792:115 incorrect 
subsequent spelling FRENCH GUIANA: (Cay- 
enne). 

Didelphis opossum: Cuvier, 1798:1 14 le sarigue. E. 
Geoffroy St. Hilaire, 1803:141. Latreille, 1803: 
304 sarigue ou opossum. Desmarest, 1820:256. 
Temminck, 1825:41. Gray, 1843:101. Jentink, 
1887b:301 SURINAME; FRENCH GUIANA: 
(Cayenne). Jentink, 1888:220 SURINAME. J. A. 
Allen, 1900b: 195 SURINAME: (type locality). 

l'?]Didelphis opossum: Thomas, 1888b:329 part, 
ECUADOR: Guayas (Guayaquil). 

Molucca opossum: Shaw, 1800:476. 

Didelphys opossum: Goldfuss, 1809:215. Waterhouse, 
1841:90 part, GUYANA; SURINAME. Water- 
house 1 846:485 GUYANA. Thomas, 1888b:329, 
331 part, GUATEMALA: Esquintla (Vera Paz); 
Aha Verapaz (Coban); part, GUYANA: Pomeroon- 
Supenaam (Better Hope); SURINAME; ARGEN- 
TINA: Chaco; BOLIVIA: Santa Cruz (Santa Cruz 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



129 



de la Sierra). Lydekker, 1896:200 part, distribu- 
tion. Goeldi and Hagmann, 1904:100 BRAZIL: 
Para. 

D[idelphys\ opossum: Olfers, 1818:204 part, syn- 
onymy. Schinz, 1844:501. Tschudi, 1844:14, 144, 
151 PERU. Wagner, 1855:226 listed. 

S[arigua] opossum: Muirhead, 1819:429 part, new 
combination. 

Didelphys {Metachirus) opossum: Menegaux, 1902: 
496 FRENCH GUIANA: (Ouanary River). 

Sarigua opossum: Muirhead, 1830 (1819):429 clas- 
sification. 

Metachirus opossum: Burmeister, 1856:69. Thomas, 
190 la: 153 GUYANA: Upper Takutu-Upper Es- 
sequibo (Rupununi River; Kanuku Mts.). Thomas, 
1 9 1 0b: 1 88 GUYANA: Pomeroon-Supenaam (Su- 
penaam River). Thomas, 191 lb:143 SURINA- 
ME: (type locality); Seba sole reference for opos- 
sum Linnaeus. J. A. Allen, 1916a:201 COLOM- 
BIA: Meta (Villavicencio). Bertoni, 1923:51 
PARAGUAY: Central (Bahia de Asuncion). Lyne, 
1959:84 VENEZUELA: Merida. 

Metacherius opossum, Sanderson, 1949:787 incor- 
rect subsequent spelling part, SURINAME. 

Gamba opossum: Liais, 1872:329 classification. 

[Metachirops] opossum: Matschie, 1916:268 SU- 
RINAME: Paramaribo (type locality, Paramaribo). 

Metachirops opossum: Bertoni, 1939:6 PARA- 
GUAY. Crespo, 1950:6 ARGENTINA: Misiones 
(Rio Urugua-i, 39 km from Puerto Bemberg). 

[Holothylax opossum] opossum: Cabrera, 1919:48 
classification. 

Philander opossum: Gilmore, 1941:309 classifica- 
tion. Moojen and Avila Pires, 1966:397 BRAZIL: 
Cerrado formation (absent). Gardner and Patton, 
1972:5 PERU: Ucayali (Balta; Yarinacocha); 
Ayacucho (San Jose; Huanhuachayo [Hershkovitz 
(1977) identified these specimens as Philander an- 
dersoni andersoni]). Pine, 1973b:56 BRAZIL: 
Para (Utinga, suburb of Belem). Reig et al., 1977: 
197 part, VENEZUELA: Barinas (Guaquitas). 
Reig et al., 1977:197, 212 part, PERU: Ucayali 
(Yarinacocha; Balta); BRAZIL: Mato Grosso (To- 
rixoreu, gallery forest; Baliza, gallery forest; Barra 
do Garcas gallery forest; Pocone, gallery forest). 
Tyndale-Biscoe, 1980:21 1 part, COLOMBIA: 
Meta (Villavicencio); Valle del Cauca (Cali; Bue- 
naventura). Tuttle et al., 1981:333 PANAMA: 
Colon/Panama (Isla Barro Colorado [= Barro Col- 
orado]). Mills et al., 1 98 la:331 BRAZIL: Para 
(Belem). Miles et al., 1 98 lb:272 BRAZIL: Para 
(Belem). Charles-Dominique et al.. 1981:342 
FRENCH GUIANA: (Cayenne). Charles-Domi- 
nique, 1983:395-422 FRENCH GUIANA: (Cay- 
enne). Guerrero, 1985:41 VENEZUELA. Red- 
ford and Da Fonseca, 1986:126, 132 BRAZIL: 
cerrado region (gallery forest dependent). Atra- 
mentowicz, 1986:123 FRENCH GUIANA: (Cay- 
enne). Atramentowicz, 1988:47 FRENCH GUI- 
ANA: (Cayenne). Gardner, 1988:698 VENE- 
ZUELA: Amazonas (Base Camp I, Cerro de La 
Neblina). Mares et al., 1989:19 BRAZIL: Mato 
Grosso (Pocone). Pacheco et al., 1993:5 PERU: 
Madre de Dios (Pakitza; Cocha Cashu; Aguas Cal- 
ientes); Cusco (Hacienda Erika). Julien-Laferriere 
and M. Atrementowicz, 1994 FRENCH GUI- 



ANA (Cabassou; Piste de Saint Elie). Emmons et 
al., 1994:146 PERU: Madre de Dios (Puesto San 
Antonio). Emmons et al., 1994:144 PERU: Ma- 
dre de Dios (Explorer's Inn Reserve). Emmons and 
Remo, 1994:140 PERU: Madre de Dios (Ccolpa 
de Guacamayas). Rageot and Albuja, 1994:178 
Ecuador: Pastaza (Mera). Hershkovitz, 1997:90 
BRAZIL: Sao Paulo (Iporanga, Parque Estudual 
Petar); ARGENTINA: Chaco (Rio de Oro, boca); 
Misiones (Rio Urugua-i; Fracran, San Pedro). Ma- 
res and Braun, 2000:36 ARGENTINA: Chaco 
(Parque Nacional Chaco; Puerto Bermejo, 10 km 
S; Rio de Oro); Formosa (Laguna Blanca; Parque 
Nacional Rio Pilcomayo); Misiones (Fracran, 
Parque Nacional Iguazii; Rio Urugua-i). Voss et al., 
2001:63 FRENCH GUIANA (Paracou); SURI- 
NAME: Coronie (Totness); Marowijne (Moengo; 
Perica); Sipaliwini (Avanavero; Wilhemina Moun- 
tains); Nickerie (Sipaliwini Airstrip; Kayserberg 
Airstrip); Saramacca (Bigi Poika; La Poule); Com- 
mewijne (Clevia; Plantation Clevia); Para (Lely- 
dorpplan; Zanderij); Suriname (Powakka). 

Metachirus opossum opossum: J. A. Allen, 1911: 
246 VENEZUELA: Bolivar (Rio Yuruan). 

Metachirops opossum opossum: Krumbiegel, 1941b: 
200 part, BRAZIL: Para (Ipitinga, Rio Acara; 
Peixe-boi). Husson, 1978:24 SURINAME: Sipal- 
iwini (Avanavero Falls, Kabalebo River; upper 
Nickerie River); Paramaribo (Paramaribo, various 
localities in and near town; near Para River on road 
to Domburg, 10 km SE of Paramaribo); Para (Le- 
lydorp); Commewijne (near Commewijne River; 
Clevia); Marowijne (Albina).^ 

Philander opossum opossum: Avila-Pires, 1958:4 
BRAZIL: Para (Utinga [suburb of Belem], Belem 
de Para). Husson, 1973:5 SURINAME. Carvalho, 
1961 :5 BRAZIL: Roraima (formerly Rio Branco) 
(Parana do Pocao, Caracarai; Pocao, Boa Vista). 
Carvalho, 1962:285 BRAZIL: Amapci (Macapa, 
Rio Amapari; Mazagao, Rio Maraca; Rio Branco; 
Rio Maraca); Para (Sapucajuba; Utinga, suburb of 
Belem). Pine, 1973b:56 BRAZIL: Para (Belem; 
Utinga, suburb of Belem). Perez-Hernandez, 1989: 
373 VENEZUELA: Bolivar (El Palmar; San 
Martin de Turumban; Raudal Chalimana); Amazon- 
as (Campamento, La Neblina; Rio Casiquiare). 
Hershkovitz, 1997:90-92 VENEZUELA: Bolivar 
(El Palmar; Maripa; Hato San Jose; San Martin de 
Turumban; Rio Yuruan; Raudal Chalimana); GUY- 
ANA: Pomeroon-Supenaam (Supenaam River; 
Better Hope); Demerara-Mahaica (Georgetown; 
Hyde Park); Essequibo Islands-West Demerara 
(Buck Hall [= Buckhall]); Upper Takutu-Upper 
Essequibo (Rupununi River; Kanuku Mts.). SU- 
RINAME: Nickerie (Makerie; Kaiserberg Airstrip); 
Sipaliwini (Avanavero Falls; Nickerie River); Bro- 
kopondo (Loksie Hattie); Saramacca (La Poule); 
Suriname (Culturutuin [= Cultuurtuin, now in Par- 
amaribo}; Rijweg [now in Paramaribo]; Lelydorp- 
plan [now in Para]; Paramaribo [now in Paramar- 
ibo]; Clevia [now in Commewijne]; Para River 
[now in Paramaribo]; Lelydorp [now in Wanica]); 
Commewijne (Commewijne River); Marowijne 
(Albina); FRENCH GUIANA: (Cayenne; Ouanary 
River); BRAZIL: Amapd (Serra do Navio; Teresin- 
ha; Macapa; Mazagao; Rio Branco, Rio Maraca); 



130 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Roraima (Pocao, Boa Vista, km 192, Ferovia Ama- 
pa; Pocao, Boa Vista; Pocao, Caracaraf: Caracaraf, 
Rio Mucajai); Amazonas (Rio Xiriviny; Santo Isi- 
dore; Ipixuna [= Lago do Ipixuna]; Serra de Par- 
intins; Parintins; Santa Clara; Villa Bella Imperatriz 
[= Parintins]; Lago do Baptista; Rio Madeira, 
boca; Rosarhino; Auara Igarape; "Rio Negro," not 
located; Santo Antonio de Uayara, Rio Eiru); Acre 
(Seringal Oriente); Para (Fordlandia, Rio Tapajoz; 
km 19, Itaituba-Jacareacanga [= Jacare-Acanga]; 
km 216, Estrada de Santarem-Cuiaba; Canudos; 
Igarape Tapereba; Altamira, Rio Xingu; Gradaiis 
[= Gorotire]; Cameta; Ilha do Taiuna; Mazagao; 
Mocajuba; Baiao; Arumateua; Maraba; km 90, Ro- 
dovia, Belem-Brasflia; Ipeau-Apez, suburb of Be- 
lem; Sapucajuba, suburb of Belem; Utinga, suburb 
of Belem; Marco, suburb of Belem; Murutucu [= 
Instituto Agronomico do Norte]; Ananindeua; Ipi- 
tinga; Flor do Prado, near Quatipuru; Santa Maria, 
Braganca; Peixe-boi; Igarape Acu, Colonia do Pra- 
ta; Capim; Sao Miguel do Guama [= Guama]; Ir- 
iteria [= Guama]). Patton and da Silva, 1997:102 
GUYANA: Potaro Siparuni (Surama, 30 km SE); 
Barima-Waini (Santa Cruz; Waikerebi); BRAZIL: 
Para (Rio Xingu, E bank, 52 km SSW of Altami- 
ra). Patton et al., 2000:81-82 GUYANA: Potaro 
Sipalwini (Surama, 30 km NE); Barina-Waini 
(Waikerebi); BRAZIL: Amazonas (Ilha das Oncas, 
left bank Rio Negro; Lago Meduinfm, left bank Rio 
Negro; Sacado, right bank Rfo Jurua; Igarape Nova 
Empresa, left bank Rio Jurua); Para (Floresta Na- 
cional Tapirape-Aquiri, Municipio da Maraba); 
Acre (Igarape Porongaba. right bank Rio Jurua; 
Flora [= Fazenda Santa Fe], left bank Rio Jurua; 
Ocidente, opposite, right bank Rio Jurua; Nova 
Vida, right bank Rio Jurua; Sobral, left bank Rio 
Jurua); FRENCH GUIANA (La Trinite Moun- 
tains). 

Philander o\possum] Opossum: Carvalho and Toc- 
cheton, 1969:217 BRAZIL: Para (Utinga, Be- 
lem; Sapucajuba, Belem; km 94 Belem-Brasflia). 

Didelphis Marsupialis: Shaw (not Linnaeus, 1758), 
1 800:476 Molucca opossum. 

P[hilander] virginianus Tiedeman, 1808:427 re- 
placement name for D. opossum Linnaeus. 

Didelphis austro-americana Thomas, 1923:604 
name ex Oken, 1816:1 148 a non-Linnaean work: 
synonym of D. opossum Linnaeus. 

Didelphis quica: Schomburgk, 1840:344 GUYA- 
NA. Jentink, 1888:220 SURINAME. 

Didelphys quica: Waterhouse, 1841:90 part, GUY- 
ANA; SURINAME. Waterhouse, 1 846:480 part. 
GUYANA; SURINAME. Alston, 1880:198 
MEXICO; GUATEMALA: Suchitepequez (San 
Miguel Duenas [= Duenas]); Alta Verapaz (Cob- 
an); COSTA RICA: Cartago (Tucurriqui). Pelzeln, 
1883:110 BRAZIL: Mato Grosso (Mato Grosso). 

D[idelphys] quica: Cabanis and Schomburgk (not 
Temminck), 1848:777 GUYANA. 

Metachirus opossum quica: Miller, 1916:589 J. A. 
Allen, 19 16b:562 BRAZIL: Mato Grosso do Sul 
(Urucum). Carvalho, 1957:3 BRAZIL: Acre (Ser- 
ingal Oriente, Rio Jurua). 

Metachiropos opossum quica: Vieira, 1945:421 
BRAZIL: Mato Grosso (Monte Alegre, Palmeiras). 
Vieira, 1949:345 BRAZIL: Mato Grosso. Car- 



valho, 1958:123 BRAZIL: Para (Gradaiis [= Go- 
rotire], Rio Fresca). 

Philander opossum quica: Hershkovitz. 1997:86- 
95 COLOMBIA: Boyacd (Rfo Cobaria); Meta 
(Caney; Restrepo; Villavicencio; Finca El Capri- 
cho); PERU: Loreto (Itaya; Iquitos; Apayacu; Sar- 
ayacu, Rio Ucayali; San Jeronimo); Ucayali (Pu- 
callpa; Lagarto Cocha; Rfo Urubamba; Santa 
Rosa); San Martin (Yurac Yacu; Moyobamba; Rio- 
ja); Hudnuco (Tingo Maria); Cusco (Hacienda Cad- 
ena; San Jeronimo; Quincemil); Mad re de Dios 
(Rfo Colorado, boca; Puerto Maldonado); BOLIV- 
IA: La Paz (Chulumani); Beni (Guayamarfn; Mer- 
redor; Rfo Mamore; Itonama; Puerto Siles, Rfo Ma- 
more; Santa Rosa; Barranquita; Arruda; Centinela; 
Camino Vilches; Santo Dios; San Joaqufn; Exal- 
tation. Rfo Mamore; Palacios; Puerto Caballo; San 
Ramon, Rfo Machupo; Monte Chocolatal; Magda- 
lena; San Pablo; El Carmen, Rfo Blanco; Rfo Ibare, 
boca; Vaca Diez; San Ignacio de Moxos; Camiaco); 
Cochabamba (Rfo Ichilo); Cochabamba-Santa 
Cruz (Rfo Mamore, 2 km S mouth Rfo Chapare); 
Santa Cruz (Ascencion de Guarayos; Mercedes, 
Rfo Guapore; Buenavista [= Buena Vista]; Warnes; 
Santa Rosita; Tocomechi; Hamacas; El Palmar; 
Ayacucho, Ibanez; Santa Cruz de la Sierra [= Santa 
Cruz], 18 km SW; San Ramon); PARAGUAY: San 
Pedro (Tacuati); Central (Asuncion; Lapango); 
Paraguari (Sapucay [= Sapucaf]); BRAZIL: Acre 
(Seringal Oriente); Rondonia (Porto Velho); Mato 
Grosso (Mato Grosso; Barra do Garcas; Pocon6; 
Balisa; Caceres; Monte Alegre, Palmeiras); Mato 
Grosso do Sul (Santa Teresa; Urucum; Miranda); 
Rio Grande do Sul (Passo Fundo; Taquara). 

Metachirus fuscogriseus: J. A. Allen, 1900b: 194 (ho- 
lotype, probably female, skin and skull, AMNH 
9920/8252; presented by Albert Smith. The skin is 
labeled female, skull tag and box are labeled male). 
Allen, 1 90 lb:2 13 NICARAGUA: Rio San Juan 
(Greytown [= San Juan del Norte]); Zelaya (Blue- 
fields). 

Metachirops fuscogriseus: Matschie, 1916:268 clas- 
sification. 

Metachirus opossum fuscogriseus: J. A. Allen, 1911: 
247 NICARAGUA: Rio San Juan (Greytown [ = 
San Juan del Norte]). 

[Holothylax fuscogriseus] fuscogriseus: Cabrera, 
1 9 1 9:47 classification. 

Metachirops opossum fuscogriseus: Enders, 1935: 
410 PANAMA: Colon/Panama (Barro Colora- 
do). 

Philander opossum fuscogriseus: Alston, 1880: 198 
GUATEMALA: Suchitepequez (San Miguael 
Duenas). Allen, 1 90 lb:2 13 NICARAGUA: Ze- 
laya (Bluefields). Allen, 1910:13 NICARAGUA: 
(Rfo Coco, on border of Honduras and Nicaragua); 
Chinandega (Volcan de Chinandega); Madriz (San 
Juan); Zelaya (Rfo Escondido); Jinotega. Goodwin, 
1942:113 NICARAGUA: (type locality, Grey- 
town; "found [in New York, 11 January 1895] in 
a bunch of bananas in unloading a fruit steamer 
from a Central American port, most likely Colon 
. . ." [J. A. Allen, 1900b: 194]; "subsequently fixed 
as Greytown [= San Juan del Norte]," Nicaragua 
[Hershkovitz, 1997:56]); HONDURAS. Hall and 
Kelson, 1959:11 distribution in Middle America. 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



131 



Yates and Froehlich, 1984:512 HONDURAS: 
Gracias a Dios (Rfo Platano Biosphere Reserve). 
Hershkovitz, 1997:52, 85-87 COLOMBIA: An- 
tioquia (Alto Bonito; Bellavista); Caldas (Rio Hon- 
do, Samana); Chocd (Bagado; Condoto; Rio Sando, 
Rfo Baudo; Rfo Docampado; Novita); Valle del 
Cauca (Rfo Frfo; Buenaventura; Buenaventura, 28 
km NE; Rfo Raposo; Cali; Rfo Cauca [see Cali)); 
Cauca (Rfo Saija, boca; Cocal); ECUADOR: Man- 
abi(Rio Pescado; Rfo de Oro); Guayas (Guayaquil; 
Rfos Chimbo-Coco; Bucay, Rfo Chimbo; Ventura, 
Rfo Chanchan; Puente de Chimbo |now in Chim- 
borazo]); El Oro (El Chiral; Pifias; Salvias); Loja 
(Punta Santa Ana; Cebollal |= Seboyal]). Patton 
and da Silva, 1997:102 PANAMA: Bocas del 
Toro (Old Point, Isla Bastimentos; Isla Popa, 1 km 
SE of Deer Island Channel). Patton et al., 2000: 
82 PANAMA: Bocas del Toro (Old Point, Isla 
Bastimentos; Isla Popa, 1 km SE of Deer Island 
Channel). 

Metachirus fuscogriseus pallidas: J. A. Allen, 1901b: 
213 MEXICO: Veracruz-Llave (type locality, 
Orizaba; holotype, male, skin and skull, USNM 
51858, collected 24 January 1894 [not 24 June 
1894 as in original description] by E. W. Nelson 
and E. A. Goldman); Veracruz-Llave (Motzoron- 
go); Oaxaca (Tuxtepec); Puebla (Metlaltoyuca); 
Tabasco (Montecristo [= Monte Cristo]; Frontera 
[= Alvaro Obregon]; Teapa); Chiapas (Huehuetan; 
La Chicharras [= Las Chicharras]). 

[Holothylax fuscogriseus] pallidus: Cabrera, 1919: 
47 classification. 

Metachirops opossum pallidus: Goodwin, 1934:4 
GUATEMALA; distribution. Davis, 1994:375 
MEXICO: Veracruz-Llave (Boca del Rfo). 

Philander opossum pallidus: Allen, 1901b:215- 
216 MEXICO: Veracruz-Llave (Orizaba). Good- 
win, 1934:5 GUATEMALA: Aha Verapaz (Finca 
Sepacuite); San Martin (Finca Carolina). Suchite- 
pequez (Finca Cipres). Villa, 1949:497 MEXICO: 
Chiapas (Mapastepec). Dalquest, 1953:19 MEX- 
ICO: San Luis Potosi (El Salto; Xilitla). Baker, 
1951:207 MEXICO: Tamaulipas (Ciudad Victo- 
ria, 70 km S; El Carrizo, 2 km W, 757 m). Hall 
and Kelson, 1959:11 distribution. Hall and Dal- 
quest, 1963:195 MEXICO: Veracruz-Llave (dis- 
tribution, near sea level to 1697 m above). Alvarez, 
1963:394 MEXICO: Tamaulipas (E slope Sierra 
Madre Oriental, not precisely located; La Purfsma, 
7 km SW; Rancho Pano Ayucutle, 6 mi N of Go- 
mez Farias, 25 mi N of El Mante; El Encino; El 
Carrizo). 

Metachirus grisescens J. A. Allen, 1 901 b:21 7 CO- 
LOMBIA: Valle del Cauca (type locality, "Rio 
Cauca"; holotype, female, skin and skull, AMNH 
15072, collected June 1888 by J. H. Batty. Good- 
win, 1953:227. 

[Metachirops] grisescens: Matschie, 1916:268 clas- 
sification. 

[Holothylax grisescens[ grisescens: Cabrera, 1919: 
47 classification. 

Metachirus opossum grisescens: J. A. Allen, 1916a: 
201 COLOMBIA: Valle del Cauca (Rfo Frfo). 

Philander opossum grisescens: Goodwin, 1953:227 
classification. Perez- Hernandez (not J. A. Allen), 
1989:373 VENEZUELA: Barinas (La Lengueta, 



SE Barinas; Guayquitas; Cafio Anaru, "Las Boni- 
tas," 22 km NE Guasdalito; Las Bonitas; Ticopo- 
ro); Apure (Nulita); Tdchira (La Ponchera); Trujillo 
(Motatan; Rio Motatan; El Dividivf); Zulia (Encon- 
trados; Alguacil; Churulf; Puerto Catatumbo); Me- 
rida (Zea; Bejuquero; Carlo Tigre, Zea; Mina Car- 
bon, Zea). 

Metachirus opossum melantho Thomas, 1923c:602 
COLOMBIA: Chocd (type locality, Condoto, 300 
ft [= 90 m]; holotype, young adult male, skin and 
skull, BMNH 1914.5.28.30, collected 1 February 
1914 by G. F Spurrell). 

Metachirus opossum melanurus Thomas, 1 899b: 
285 ECUADOR: Imbabura (type locality, Par- 
amba [= Hacienda Paramba], Rfo Mira, western 
Ecuador, 1100 m; holotype, old male, skin and 
skull BMNH 1897.1 1.7.61; collected 1 1 April 1897 
by W. F. H. Rosenberg). Lonnberg, 1913:36 EC- 
UADOR: Pichincha (Gualea). J. A. Allen, 1912: 
73 COLOMBIA: Cauca (Cocal); J. A. Allen, 
1916:116, 201 COLOMBIA: Cauca (Cocal); 
Chocd (Bagado); Antioquia (Alto Bonito). Cabrera, 
1958:35 part. 

[Metachirops] melanurus: Matschie, 1916:268 clas- 
sification. 

[Holothylax opossum] melanurus: Cabrera, 1919: 
48 classification. 

Metachirops opossum melanurus: Lonnberg, 1921: 
68 ECUADOR: Pichincha (Gualea). 

Philander opossum melanurus: Cabrera, 1958:35. 
Hershkovitz, 1997:51, 86 ECUADOR: Limon, 
not located; Esmeraldas (Cachavi, Rfo Cachavf; 
Carondelet; San Javier; Esmeraldas; Quininde [= 
Rfo Quininde]); Imbabura (Paramba); Pichincha 
(Rfo Caonf; Gualea; Mindo). 

P[hilander] o[possum] melanurus: Baker, 1974:135 
ECUADOR: Esmeraldas (Quininde). 

Metachirus canus Osgood, 191 3b:96 PERU: San 
Martin (type locality, Moyobamba; holotype, male, 
skin and skull, FMNH 19347; collected 4 August 
1912 by W. H. Osgood and M. P. Anderson). Os- 
good, 1914b: 148 PERU: San Martin (Moyob- 
amba). 

[Metachirops] canus: Matschie, 1916:268 classifi- 
cation. 

[Holothylax grisescens] canus: Cabrera, 1919:47 
classification. 

Metachirus opossum canus: Thomas, 1927a:372 
PERU: San Martin (Rioja; Moyobamba; Yurac 
Yacu). Thomas, 1927b:606 PERU: Hudnuco 
(Tingo Maria, 2000 ft [= 625 m]). Thomas, 1928a: 
264 PERU: Ucayali (Cumerfa [= Cumarfa], 1000 
ft [= 300 m]; Chicosa, 1000 ft [= 300 m]; San 
Jeronimo [now in Loreto], 500 ft [= 150 m]). 

M[etachirus] o[possum] canus: Thomas, 1928b:294. 

Philander opossum canus: Sanborn, 1949:277 
PERU: Ucayali (Yarinacocha). Sanborn, 1951b:2 
PERU: Cusco (Hacienda Cadena). Patton and da 
Silva, 1997:102 BRAZIL: Acre (Fazenda Santa 
Fe [= Flora], left bank Rfo Jurua; Seringal Ociden- 
te, right bank Rfo Jurua); Amazonas (Nova Empre- 
sa, left bank Rfo Jurua). Anderson, 1997:162 BO- 
LIVIA: Beni (Nicolas Suarez Isalnd, Rfo Mamore, 
near Guayaramerin; Guayaramerin; Guayaramerin, 
5 km S; Riberalta; Buena Hora, 6 km S; Rfo Ma- 
more; Puerto Siles; Camino Vilches, San Joaqufn; 



132 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



San Pablo; Exaltacion, 8 km N; Boroica; Barran- 
quita; Piedras Blancas; Exaltacion; San Ramon; 
Magdalena; Palacios, 4 km SE; Puerto Caballo; El 
Carmen; Espiritu; Yacuma, 45 km N; Santa Rosa; 
Rurrenabaque; Rio Ibare, mouth; Rio Ibare, 24 km 
from mouth; Rio Ibary, 27 km from mouth; Cas- 
arabe; San Ignacio de Moxos; Rfo Tijamuchi; Cam- 
iaco; Alto Beni, not located; Arruda; Centenela; 
Mamore; Santo Dios); Cochabamba (Rio Ichilo); 
La Paz (Rio Beni); Pando (Agua Dulce; Rio Na- 
reuda; Bella Vista; Independencia; Isla Gargantua); 
Santa Cruz (Aserradero Moira, km 7 E; Pajaral; 
Ascencion de Guarayos; Ascencion, 6 km W; Los 
Palmares; Rfo Mamore; Totaitu; Yapacani; San Ra- 
mon, 10 km N; Estancia Cachuela Esperanza; Pal- 
marito; Santa Rosa, 7 km N; Montero, SE of; San 
Miguel Rincon; Tocomechi; Buenavista; Warnes; 
Santa Rosita; La Belgica, 2 km S; Hamecas; Co- 
toca, 2 km SE; El Palmar road; Santa Cruz de la 
Sierra; El Palmar; Ayacucho; Santa Cruz, 15 km S; 
Santa Cruz, 15 km SW; Santiago, Chiquitos; Tita). 
Patton et al., 2000:81-82 BRAZIL: Acre (Oci- 
dente, right bank Rio Jurua; Ocidente, opposite, left 
bank Rfo Jurua; Igarape Porongaba, right bank Rfo 
Jurua; Flora [= Fazenda Santa Fe], left bank Rfo 
Jurua; Nova Vida, rigtht bank Rfo Jurua; Sobral, 
left bank Rfo Jurua); Amazonas (Sacado, right bank 
Rfo Jurua; Igarape Nova Empresa, left bank Rfo 
Jurua). 

Metachirus opossum azaricus Thomas, 1923c:604 
PARAGUAY: Paraguari (type locality, Sapucay 
[= Sapucaf]; holotype, female, skin and skull, 
BMNH 1903.2.3.36; collected 8 August 1892 by 
W. Foster). 

Met[achirops] opossum azaricus: Krumbiegel, 1941b: 
203, 206 PARAGUAY: Central (Lapango); BO- 
LIVIA: Santa Cruz (San Ramon). 

Philander opossum azaricus: Cabrera, 1958:34. Kan- 
tis, 1963:54 ARGENTINA: Chaco (Rfo de Oro, 
boca); Misiones (San Pedro). Crespo, 1974:3 AR- 
GENTINA: Chaco (Rfo de Oro, boca); Misiones 
(Fracran, San Pedro). 

Metachirus opossum crucialis Thomas, 1923e:604 
BOLIVIA: Santa Cruz (type locality, Santa Cruz 
de la Sierra; holotype, female, skin [originally 
mounted] and skull, BMNH 1847.11.22.15, col- 
lected by Thomas Bridges). 

Philander opossum subspecies nov.: Perez-Hernan- 
dez, 1990:373, 377 VENEZUELA: Monagas 
(Cerro Papelon); Delta Amacuro Territorio Federal 
(Tobesobe, Guayo; Los Giiires; Guiniquina). 
Hershkovitz, 1997:52, 90 VENEZUELA: Trujillo 
(Agua Viva). 

Philander opossum subspecies: Hershkovitz, 1997: 
90 VENEZUELA: Zulia (Puerto Catatumbo; Rfo 
de Oro, boca; Alguacil; Churulf; Encontrados); 
Delta Amacuro Territorio Federal (Los Giiires; To- 
besobe; Guiniquina); Merida (Merida); Barinas 
(Ticoporo; Guaquitas; Las Bonitas, Cano Amaru; 
La Lengueta); Apure (Nulita; La Blanquita); Tdch- 
ira (La Ponchera); Trujillo (Motatan; Rfo Motatan; 
Agua Viva; El Dividivf). 

Philander\T\ opossum subspecies: Perez-Hernandez, 
1989:373 VENEZUELA: Monagas (Cerro Pape- 
lon). Hershkovitz, 1997:90 VENEZUELA: Mon- 
agas (Cerro Papelon). 



Type Name based on Seba's (1734) "Philan- 
der Opassum, sive Carigueja, Brasiliensis mas," 
and "Philander, Americanus, sive Carigueja, cum 
catulus, sacrum bentris intrantibus foemina^ '; the 
female, RMNH 25421, in alcohol, designated lec- 
totype by Hershkovitz (1976), is preserved in the 
Rijksmuseum van Naturlijke Historie, Leiden. 

Type Locality "America," restricted to Su- 
riname by J. A. Allen, 1900b: 195, and further re- 
stricted to Paramaribo, Suriname, by Matschie, 
1916:261. 

Distribution (Figs. 82 and 83) From Tamau- 
lipas, Mexico, through Central and South America 
to Paraguay and northeastern Argentina. 

Additional Records MEXICO: Tamaulipas; 
El Mante (Schaldach, 1954, KU); Rfo Sabinas, 10 
km N of El Encino (Schaldach, 1954, KU); 
Ocampo (Clifton, 1965, KU); La Purfsma (Dal- 
quest, 1946, KU); San Luis Postosi; El Salto Falls 
(Stock, 1963, USNM); Valles (Shaw, 1946, 
LSUMZ); Huichihuyan (Dalquest, 1950, LSUMZ); 
Veracruz-Llave; Tuxpan (Lee, 1960, KU); Tihu- 
atlan (Bodley, 1961, KU; Clifton, 1961, KU); Pa- 
pantla (Nelson, 1898, USNM); San Marcos (Dal- 
quest, 1947, KU); Teocelo (Dalquest, 1949, KU); 
Veracruz-Llave, Perez (Friesser, 1903, USNM); 
Fortin (Dalquest, 1946, KU); Rfo Atoyac (Dal- 
quest, 1946, KU); Potrero (Dalquest, 1946, KU; 
Sumichrast, USNM); Potrero Viejo, 5 km W of 
Potrero (Dalquest, 1946, KU); Cordoba, 3 mi SE 
of Yongas (Cutter, 1956, KU); Rfo Seco, near 
Cordoba (Sumichrast, 1866, USNM); Rfo Blanco, 
20 km WNW of Piedras Negras (Dalquest, 1946, 
KU); San Andres Tuxtla (Dalquest, 1948, KU; 
Parker-Robinson, 1959, UMMZ); Catemaco (Nel- 
son, 1891, USNM); La Jimba [= Jimba] (Dal- 
quest, 1947, KU); Tenochtitlan (Lackey, 1968, 
UMMZ); Achotal (Heller, 1904, FMNH); Jesus 
Carranza (Dalquest, 1948, 1949, KU); Chichicaf- 
te, not located (Nelson, 1894, USNM); Oaxaca; 
Metates, SSW of Sierra Juarez (Campbell, 1981, 
KU); Matfas Romero, S of (Straney, 1977, MVZ); 
Tapanatepec (Musser, 1962, UMMZ); Tabasco; 
Miramar (Woods, 1960, LSUMZ); La Venta (We- 
ber, 1943, USNM); Cardenas (Dickerman, 1955, 
KU); Villa Hermosa (Duellman, 1958, UMMZ); 
Balancan (Lay, 1960, LSUMZ); Macuspana, 19 
km N, 5 mi SW (Dickerman, 1955, KU); Chia- 
pas; Palenque (Kuns, 1949, FMNH); Tuxtla Gu- 
tierrez (Dickerman, 1955, KU); Finca Ocuilapa, 
10 km S of Tonala (Huckaby, 1969, UMMZ); El 
Talisman [= Talisman] (Smith, 1965, KU); Cam- 
peche; Escarcega, 65 km S, 128 km E Clanton, 
1963, KU); La Tuxpena [= Chompoton] (Shu- 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



133 




110 



100 



Fig. 82. Distribution of Philander opossum in Central America: from Tamaulipas. Mexico, south through Panama. 
See Figure 83 for distribution in South America, o = localities from unpublished records; = localities given in 
published records. 



feldt, 1912, USNM); Yucatan; Tekom (Sanderson. 
1940, FMNH); Hacienda de Carmen, not located 
(Rice, USNM); GUATEMALA: Peten; Uaxactun 
(Murie, 1931, UMMZ); Parque Nacional Tikal 
(McLean and Navin, 1983, 1987, USNM); La 
Libertad [= Libertad] (Malleis, 1923, USNM); 
Alta Verapaz; Chinaja (Jones, Jr., 1960, KU); Iza- 
bal; El Estor-Los Dantas (Koford, 1978, MVZ); 
Bobos (Schmidt, 1933, FMNH); Los Amates 
(Heller and Barber, 1905, FMNH); El Progresso; 
San Agustin, Aldea Puerto Golpe (McLean, 1983, 
USNM); Esquintla; Finca El Salto, 1 mi E of Es- 
quintla (Lawler, 1967, UMMZ); Guanagazapa 
(McLean, 1984, USNM); Masagua, Finca Santil- 
lana del Esquintla (McLean, 1984, USNM); Con- 
cepcion del Mar (Blake, 1934. FMNH); Santa 
Rosa; Finca El Progresso (De La Torre, 1951, 
UMMZ); Jutiapa; Laguna de (= Lago) Atesca- 
tempa (Handley, Jr., 1947, USNM); Baja Verapaz 
[probably Alta Verapaz]; Astillero (Bee, 1955, 
KU); BELIZE: Gallon Jug, Orange Walk District 
(Lancaster, 1956, LSUMZ); Belize (Murie. 1931, 
UMMZ); Cayo District; Cayo (Murie, 1931, 
UMMZ); Cayo; Mt. Pine Ridge, S of Cayo (Mu- 
rie, 1931, UMMZ); Central Farm (Disney, 1964, 



USNM); Stann Creek District; Pomona, 4 mi E 
(Dennett, Jr., 1956, LSUMZ); HONDURAS: Cor- 
tes; San Pedro, near Lago Ticamaya (Schmitt and 
Walters. 1923, FMNH); Gracias a Dios; Patuca 
(Perry, USNM); Valle; Coray (McLean, 1984, 
USNM); Nacaome, Rio de Coray (McLean, 1983, 
USNM); EL SALVADOR: Ahuachapdn; Barra de 
Santiago Ahuachapan (Stirton, 1927, MVZ); Son- 
sonate; Hacienda Chilata (Hildebrand, 1942, 
MVZ); Usulutdn; Puerto del Triunfo (Stirton, 
1925, 1926, MVZ); San Miguel; Rio San Miguel 
(Stirton, 1926, MVZ); Lago Olomega (Marshall 
Jr.. 1942. MVZ; Stirton, G. D., 1925, MVZ; Stir- 
ton, R. A., 1942, MVZ); Morazdn; Divisadero, 2 
mi N (Stirton, 1926, MVZ); NICARAGUA: Nue- 
va Segovia; Jalapa (Schlitter, 1967, KU; Geno- 
ways, 1967, KU); Jinotega; Hacienda La Trampa, 
16 km NE Jinotega (Clark, 1964, KU); Chinan- 
dega; Cosigiiina (Smith, 1968, KU); Hacienda 
San Isidro, El Realejo. 10 km S of Chinandega 
(Clark. 1963. USNM; 1963, KU); Managua; Ma- 
nagua (Alcorn, 1956, KU); Finca America, Ma- 
nagua (Boshell, 1953, USNM); Sabana Grande 
(Choate, 1968, KU; Genoways, 1968, KU; Jones. 
Jr.. 1964, 1968. KU; Kirsch. 1968, KU; Lawler, 



134 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 




>y 



90 80 

Fig 83 Distribution of Philander opossum in South America: from northern South America south through north- 
eastern Argentina, Paraguay, and southern Brazil. See Figure 82 for distribution in Central America, o = localities 
from unpublished records; = localities given in published records. 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



135 



1964, KU; Phillips, 1968, KU); Hacienda Aza- 
cualpa, 5 km NW of Villa El Carmen (Clark, 

1964, KU; Clark, 1964, USNM); Matagalpa; 
Santa Maria de Ostuma (Genoways, 1966, KU; 
Schlitter, 1966, KU; Turner, 1966, KU); Hacienda 
Tepeyac, near Matagalpa (Clark, 1964, USNM; 
Clark, 1964, KU); Esquipulas (Choate, 1968, 
KU); Hacienda Tepello, not located (Clark, 1963, 
USNM); Boaco; Teustepe (Choate, 1968, KU; 
Kirsch, 1968, KU; Phillips, 1968, KU); Cholute- 
ca; Diriamba (Choate, 1968, KU; Genoways, 
1968, KU); Granada; Mecatepe, 2 km N, 1 1 km 
E of Nandaime (Clark, 1964, KU; Clark, 1964, 
USNM); La Calera, W of Nandaime (Clark, 1964, 
KU; Clark, 1964, USNM); Rivas; Finca Amayo, 
SE of Rivas (Clanton, 1963, KU; Jones, Jr., 1964, 
KU; Lawler, 1966, KU); Sapoa (Turner, 1966, 
KU); Ometepe (Nutting, 1983, USNM); Zelaya; 
Bonanza (Clark, 1964, KU; Clark, 1963, USNM); 
Rfo Kurinwas [= Rib Curinhuas] (Correra, 1967, 
USNM); Rfo Siquia (Allen, 1935, UMMZ); El 
Recreo (Choate, 1968, KU; Clanton, 1963, 
USNM; Clanton, 1963, KU; Smith, 1968, KU); 
Cara de Mond, (Phillips, 1968, KU); Rio San 
Juan; La Esperanza (Clark, 1965, KU; Clark, 

1965, USNM); COSTA RICA: El Sance Peralta, 
not located (Underwood, 1931, USNM); Alajuela; 
San Carlos (Smith, 1934, FMNH); Villa Quesada 
(Smith, 1934, FMNH); Puntarenas; Monteverde, 
Rfo Guacimal (Brown, 1966, UMMZ); Guana- 
caste; Hacienda Santa Maria (Smith, 1932, 
UMMZ); Finca Jimenez (Hooper, 1966, UMMZ); 
San Jose; Monterrey, 22 km S of San Jose (Wille, 
1947, KU); Santa Ana (McPherson, 1970, 
LSUMZ); San Ignacio (Underwood, 1931, 
USNM); Santa Juana, 10 km NE of Quepos (Wil- 
le, 1947, KU); Savanillas de Pirns, not located 
(Underwood, 1931, FMNH); Heredia; Puerto 
Viejo, Rio Sarapiqui (Musser, 1962, UMMZ); 
Cartago; Pacuare, Rfo Pacuare (Gardner, 1967, 
LSUMZ; Zeladon, 1876, 1884, USNM); Turrialba 
(Hall, 1947, KU; Musser, 1962, UMMZ; Torres, 
1947, KU); PANAMA: Bocas del Toro; Chan- 
guinola (Handley, Jr., 1960, USNM; Hinds, 1960, 
USNM); Boca del Drago (Handley, Jr., 1960, 
USNM); Isla Colon (Greenwell, 1988, USNM; 
Handley, Jr., 1960, USNM); Cayo Nancy (Green- 
well, 1988, USNM); Almirante (Handley, Jr., 
1960, USNM); Isla Bastimentos (Handley, Jr., 
1962, USNM; Hinojosa, 1987, USNM; Jacobs, 
1987, USNM); Isla San Cristobal (Greenwell, 
1989, USNM); Tierra Oscura (Greenwell, 1989, 
USNM); Cayo de Agua (Greenwell, 1990, 
USNM; Handley, 1962, USNM); Penfnsula Val- 



iente, Punta Alegre (Greenwell, 1990, USNM); 
Penfnsula Valiente, Quebrada Hido (Greenwell, 
1990, USNM); Nun (Greenwell, 1993, USNM; 
Handley, Jr., 1993, USNM); Rfo Changena Camp 
(Handley, Jr., 1962, USNM; Keenan, 1961, 
USNM); Tabori, not located (Greenwell, 1983, 
USNM); Chiriqui; El Volcan, 14.5 km NW of 
Finca Santa Clara (Enders, 1971, 1972, 1973, 
USNM); Progreso (Greenwell, 1966, USNM); 
Bugaba (Julatson, 1911, USNM); Puerto Armuel- 
les (Greenwell, 1966, USNM); Veraguas; Isla 
Gobernadora (Tyson, 1962, USNM); Isla Cebaco 
(Tyson, 1965, USNM); Code; El Valle (Enders, 
1957, USNM; Keenan, 1954, USNM; Wislocki, 

1955, USNM); Colon; Salud (1957, USNM); 
Coco Solo (1955, USNM); Camp Pina, Fort Sher- 
man (1955, 1956, USNM; Keenan, 1956, USNM); 
Cristobal (Fleming, 1966, 1967, USNM); Fort Da- 
vis (Beauregard, 1953, USNM; Enders, 1930, 
UMMZ; Keenan, 1952, 1955, USNM; Setzer, 
1953, USNM); Gatun, Rfo Indio (Goldman, 191 1, 
USNM); Isla Puma (1956, USNM); Lago Gatun 
(Gardner, 1973, LSUMZ); Bohio Penfnsula (Wil- 
son, USNM); Buena Vista Penfnsula (Pine, 1972, 
USNM); Gamboa, 5 mi NE (Koford, 1952, 
MVZ); Gamboa (Setzer, 1953, USNM); Panama; 
Bruja Point (Enders, 1930, USNM); Pina (Keen- 
an, 1960, USNM); Juan Mina [Juan Mina Sta- 
tion]; Tabernilla (Goldman, 1911, USNM); Rfo 
Mandinga (Keenan, 1957, USNM); Madden Road 
(Keenan, 1955, USNM); Empire (Enders, 1957 
USNM; Goldman, 1912, USNM); Cocoli (1956 
USNM); Curundu (Keenan, USNM); Albrook 
Field (Field, 1954, USNM; Setzer, 1953, USNM) 
Albrook (Keenan, 1954, USNM); Rodman Naval 
Ammunition Depot (Fleming, 1967, UMMZ) 
Balboa (Fleming, 1966, 1967, USNM); Isla Bue 
naventura, not located (Goldman, 1911, USNM) 
La Zumbadora [= Cerro Azul] (1956, 1957, 1958 
USNM; Handley, Jr., 1957, USNM; Keenan 

1956, USNM); Chepo (Field, 1954, USNM); Cer- 
ro Campana (Enders, 1955, USNM); Darien 
Jaque (Greenwell, 1966, USNM); Los Santos 
Cerro Hoya (Handley, Jr., 1962, USNM); CO- 
LOMBIA: Valle del Cauca; Alto Rfo Anchicaya 
(Simons, 1981, USNM); ECUADOR: Imbabura 
Intag, Penaherra (Hershkovitz, 1934, UMMZ) 
Carchi; La Concepcion (Hershkovitz, 1934 
UMMZ); Los Rios; Vinces (McLean, 1974 
USNM); Hacienda Santa Teresi (McLean, 1974 
USNM); Puebloviejo (McLean, 1974, USNM) 
Lima Pareja (McLean, 1975, USNM); El Papayo 
(McLean, 1975, USNM); Manabi; La Papaya, not 
located (Mena, 1942, FMNH); El Oro; Moromoro 



136 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



(Gardner, 1976, USNM); PERU: Ucayali; Sha- 
hufa, Rio Ucayali, opposite Cumaria (Hendee, 
1927, AMNH); Amazonas; Chiriaco, 43 km NE 
(Graham, 1978, LSUMZ); Madre de Dios; Reser- 
va Cuzco Amazonico, 14 km from Puerto Mal- 
donado (Hooper, Jr., 1990, KU; Woodman, 1989, 
KU); Rio La Torre, boca, S bank Rio Tambopata 
(Barkley, 1979, LSUMZ); Lago Sandoval, Rio 
Madre de Dios (Patton, 1979, MVZ); VENEZUE- 
LA: Zulia; Cerro Azul, near (Keenan, 1956, 
USNM; Handley, 1957, 1958, USNM); El Rosa- 
rio (Smithsonian- Venezuelan Expedition, 1968, 
USNM); Aragua; Rancho Grande (Rood, 1960, 
UMMZ); GUYANA: Pomeroon-Supenaam; Pom- 
eroon (1933, USNM); FRENCH GUIANA: Cay- 
enne; Sinnamarey (Hershkovitz notes); BRAZIL: 
Amapd; Rio Amapari, Serra do Navio (Dente, 
1964, LSUMZ); Ferrovia Amapa, 192 km Serra 
do Navio, not located (Dente, 1964, LSUMZ); 
Para; Oriximina (1976, USNM); Mato Grosso; 
Limao, Rio Jurua (Hibbs, 1965, USNM); Cuiaba 
(Hibbs, 1965, USNM); Mato Grosso do Sul; Cor- 
umba, Rio Paraguay (Kuns, 1965, USNM); Dour- 
ados (Kuns, 1965, USNM); Districto Federal; 
Guara, gallery, not located (Hershkovitz, 1997, 
notes). BOLIVIA: Santa Cruz; Cordillera Basilio 
(Becerra, 1966, USNM); PARAGUAY: Concep- 
cion; Rio Aquidaban, Paso Horqueta (Creighton, 
1979, UMMZ); Aca Poi (Wharton, 1950, USNM); 
Cordillera; Tobati, 12 km N (Myers, 1973, 
MVZ); Central; Luque, 17 km E (Koford, 1972, 
MVZ; Myers, 1976, UMMZ); ARGENTINA: 
Formosa; Estancia Linda Vista (see also Riacho 
Pilaga), NNE Formosa (Creighton, 1980, 
UMMZ). 



Genus Thylamys Gray, 1843 

Sarigua, Muirhead, 1819:429 part, S. pusilla listed 
among included species. 

Thylamys Gray, 1843:xxiii, 101 type species, Thy- 
lamys elegans [= Didelphis elegans Waterhouse] 
by monotypy. Thomas, 1888b:340 type species, 
Didelphis elegans Waterhouse. Matschie, 1916: 
262, 266, 271 taxonomy. Miranda Ribeiro, 1936: 
386 taxonomy. Reig, 1958:274 (footnote) rec- 
ognized as a valid subgenus equivalent to the ele- 
gans and microtarsus groups of Tate. 

Type Species Thylamys elegans [Didelphis 
elegans Waterhouse, 1839] by monotypy. 

Distribution (Fig. 84) Peru south to Chile 
west of the Andes, east of the Andes from Bolivia 
to Argentina, Paraguay, and scattered locations in 
eastern and western Brazil. 



Thylamys elegans (Waterhouse, 1839) 



1 839:95 hortensis 
1844:154 CHILE: 
-CHILE. Gardner, 



Didelphis elegans Waterhouse, 
Reid in synonymy. Bridges, 
Aconcagua. Gay, 1847:84- 
1993:23 listed. 

Didelphys elegans: Waterhouse, 1 84 1 : 1 06 CHILE: 
Valparaiso. Baird, 1855:155 CHILE: Valparaiso 
(Colchagua [= Cachagua]). Thomas, 1888b:352 
part, CHILE: Aconcagua; Valparaiso. 

Micoureus elegans: Lesson, 1842:186 classification. 

Thylamys elegans: Gray, 1843:101 CHILE: Valpa- 
raiso. Gerrard, 1862:140 CHILE. 

Marmosa elegans: Thomas, 1902c: 158, 160 
CHILE: Valparaiso. Wolffsohn and Porter, 1908: 
69 CHILE: Valparaiso (Quillota). Kreig, 1925: 
169 CHILE. Reig et al., 1977:21 1 CHILE: Val- 
paraiso (Cachagua, 3 km S). Pine et al., 1979: 
340 CHILE: Tarapacd (Belen; Chapiquina; 
Tignamar; Zapahuira); Maule (Cerro Robles); Val- 
paraiso (Penuelas Forest Preserve, 7 km E of Las 
Tablas); Santiago (Bocatoma [= Lo Valdes]; Em- 
balse Huechun; Las Condes; Rio Colorado, 30 km 
E of Guayacan); Atacama (Mina Altamira; Cordil- 
leras del Transito near Vallenar); Coquimbo (Ilia- 
pel; Los Vilos); Los Lagos (Rio Maule, junction of 
Rio Claro). 

M[armosa] elegans: Wolffsohn, 1921:512 CHILE. 

[Marmosa] elegans: Wolffsohn, 1923:160 CHILE: 
Valparaiso (Valparaiso; Quilpue). 

[Marmosa (Thylamys) elegans] elegans: Cabrera, 
1 9 1 9:40 classification. 

Marmosa elegans elegans: Tate, 1933:214 CHILE: 
Valparaiso (La Cruz; Limache; Papudo; Longato- 
ma; Quilpue; Olmue; Calera [= La Calera], Lagu- 
na); Santiago (coast hills, not located; La Cruz; Pu- 
ente Alto, Rio Maipo). Osgood, 1943:44 CHILE: 
Valparaiso (near Calera [= La Calera]; Longato- 
ma; Papudo; Limache; Olmue; Palmilla [= La Pal- 
milla]); Santiago (La Cruz); O'Higgins (Palos Que- 
mados). Mann, 1950:5 CHILE: Tarapacd. 

M[armosa] elegans elegans: Schneider, 1946:68 
CHILE: Concepcion. 

Marmosa (Thylamys) elegans: Reig et al., 1972:37 
CHILE: Valparaiso (Cachagua). 

Didelphys soricina R. A. Philippi, 1894:36 CHILE: 
Los Lagos (type locality, Valdivia; holotype, very 
young, skin mounted with skull in Museo Nacional 
de Chile, collected by R. A. Philippi). Gardner, 
1993:23 listed. 

[Peramys] soricina: Trouessart, 1898:1244 classifi- 
cation. 

[Dromiciops] soricina: Matschie, 1916:271 classi- 
fication. 

Dromictops soricina Cabrera: 1958:30 incorrect 
subsequent spelling in synonymy of Marmosa ele- 
gans soricina Philippi, p. 29. 

Didelphys (Paramys) soricina: Cabrera, 1958:29 in- 
correct subsequent spelling in synonymy of Mar- 
mosa elegans soricina Philippi. 

Marmosa elegans soricina: Tate, 1933:216 CHILE: 
Araucania (Angol [now in Malleco]). 

Marmosa elegans coquimbensis Tate, 1931:14 
CHILE: Coquimbo (type locality, Paiguano, 1000 
m; holotype, female, skin and skull, FMNH 23302, 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



137 



Thylamys 




Fig. 84. Distribution of the genus Thylamys: west of the Andes in Peru and Chile: southern Bolivia through 
Argentina and Paraguay, and east-central Brazil south to the state of Parana. 



138 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



20' 



30' 



40 



50 



1 j 


1 




t 

1* 1 
-) ( 




\ # 1 




hi 



Thylamys elegans 



500 1000 1500 km 



90 80 70" 60 50 40 30 20 10 

Fig. 85. Distribution of Thylamys elegans: Chile, west of the Andes. = localities given in published records. 



collected 20 June 1923 by C. C. Sanborn). Gardner, 
1993:23 listed. 

Holotype Male, skin and skull, BMNH 
53.8.29.18; collected by Charles Darwin, accord- 
ing to Waterhouse in October, but Darwin reached 
Valparaiso 11 March 1835 and left on horseback 
for Coquimbo 27 April 1835. 

Type Locality Valparaiso, Valparaiso, Chile. 

Distribution (Fig. 85) Chile. 



Thylamys macrura (Olfers, 1818) 

Micoure a queue longue Azara, 1801:290 descrip- 
tion. 

Micoure nain Azara, 1801:304 description. 

Colilargo Azara, 1802:251. Azara, 1809:289 char- 
acters. 

Enano Azara, 1802:262 description. 

Micoure sixieme, ou Micoure nain Azara, 1801:304 
description. 

[Didelphys] macrura Illiger, 1815:107 nomen nu- 
dum. Olfers, 1818:205 based on micoure a queue 
longue of Azara. Gardner, 1993:23 listed. 



Thylamys macrura: Palma, 1995:2 PARAGUAY: 
Concepcion (Escuela Agropecuaria). 

Thylamys macrurus: Anderson, 1997:163 incorrect 
subsequent spelling BOLIVIA: Santa Cruz. 

D[idelphis] grisea Desmarest, 1827:393 PARA- 
GUAY: Central (type locality, Tapua, NE of Asun- 
cion); based on the micoure a longue queue of Aza- 
ra. Thomas, 1894b: 184 ARGENTINA: Corrien- 
tes (Goya). 

[Marmosa] grisea: Trouessart, 1898:1241 classifi- 
cation. 

Marmosa grisea: Bertoni, 1914:69 PARAGUAY. 
Bertoni, 1939:6 PARAGUAY. 

[Thylamys] grisea: Matschie, 1916:271 listed. 

Grymaeomys griseus: Burmeister, 1856:83 classifi- 
cation. 



Holotype None designated. 

Type Locality "Sudamerica," restricted by 
Tate (1933:218) to "Tapoua" (= Tapua), Presi- 
dente Hayes, Paraguay. 

Distribution (Fig. 86) Paraguay and northern 
Argentina. 

Comments Based on Azara's (1801:290) 
"Micoure a queue longue.'''' 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



139 




Fig. 86. Distribution of Thylamys macrura: Paraguay and northern Argentina. = localities given in published 
records. 



Thylamys pallidior (Thomas, 1902) 

Grymaeomys elegans: Burmeister (not Waterhouse, 
1839), 1856:83 part, figure and description of an- 
imal from Mendoza. 

Didelphys elegans: Burmeister (not Waterhouse, 
1839), 1861:412 ARGENTINA: Mendoza. Bur- 
meister, 1879:193 part, ARGENTINA: Mendoza. 

Marmosa elegans: Thomas (not Waterhouse, 1839), 
1902f:230 BOLIVIA: Oruro (type locality Chal- 
lapata, 3700 m). Reig et al., 1977:21 1 PERU: Ar- 
equipa (Arequipa); Huancavelica (Ticrapo). 

[Thylamys] pallidior: Matschie, 1916:271 classifi- 
cation. 

Thylamys pallidior: Yensen and Tarifa, 1993:51 
BOLIVIA: Oruro (Quebrada Kohuiri; Loma Jincho 
Asjasta). Palma, 1995:2 BOLIVIA: Chusquisaca 
(Camargo); Tarija (Serrania Sama). Mares et al., 
1996:107 ARGENTINA: Tucumdn (El Bracho; 
El Cadillal; Las Mesadas; San Pedro de Colalao; 
Tafi del Valle; Tapia). Mares et al., 1997: 100 AR- 
GENTINA: Catamarca (Andalgala; Rib Andalgala; 
Belen; Chumbicha; Minas Capillitas; Highway 62; 
Quiros; Otro Cerro). Anderson, 1997: 164 BO- 
LIVIA: Chuquisaca (Camargo, 68 km N); Cocha- 
bamba (Jamachuma; Rodeo, 7.5 km E); La Paz (La 
Paz; Huajchilla; Huajchilla, 4 km SW; Mecapaca; 



Caracato; Huaraco); Oruro (Sajama; Quebrada Ko- 
huir; Pazna; Challapata; Luca); Potosi (Yuruma); 
Santa Cruz (Comarapa, 5 km SE); Tarija (Serrania 
Sama; Iscayachi, Rio Tomayapo; Camataqui, 25 
km SSE). Flores et al., 2000:327 ARGENTINA: 
Catamarca (Belen; Chumbicha; Hualfin; Inmed. N 
Andalgala, Rib Andalgala; Minas Capillitas; An- 
dalgala, highway E of; Otro Cerro; Quiros); Jujuy 
( 1 1 km E of Humahuaca, 2 km E of Pucara on road 
to Cianzo; Humapuaca Barcena, 9 km NW; Abra 
Pampa; Alfarcito; Casabindo; Cerro Casabindo; 
Cuesta del Huron, 29 km W of Cineguillas on road 
64; Curques, 24 km N of Susques on road 74; La 
Quiaca, 17 km W, 3 km S; Laguna de Pozuelo; 
Maimara; Mina Pirquitos, 31 SE, Sierra de Qui- 
chagua; Miyuyoc; Salar Cauchari, 31 km N of Cau- 
cahri; Sierra de Tilcara); Salta (Cachi, 30 km E); 
Tucumdn (Amaicha del Valle, near; Pichao, Sierra 
de Quilmes; Tafi del Valle); BOLIVIA: Oruro 
(Challapata). Mares and Braun, 2000:36 AR- 
GENTINA: Catamarca (Andalgala, N of, Rio An- 
dalgala; Belen; Chumbicha; Otro Cerro; Minas 
Capillitas; Quiros, Highway 62, 8 km E of junction 
of Highways 1 and 62; Gualfin [probably = Hual- 
fin]); Mendoza (El Sosneado, 8 km NW; Tre 40, 
10.5 km W on road to Lago Diamonte; Malargue, 
12.8 km E; Mendoza, 37 km N along Villavicinia 



140 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Highway 4; Nacunan; Pareditas, 35 km S; Puesto 
Punta de Agua; Refugio Militar Gral. Alvarado, 3 
km W, not located; Salinas del Diamante R.R. Sta- 
tion; Salinas del Diamante; Tunuyan, 31-32 km W; 
Tunuyan, 50 km W; Uspallata, 7 km S; Valle 
Grande Dike on Hwy 73; 25 de Mayo, 402 km W 
on Route 150); San Juan (Castano Nuevo; Com- 
plejo Astronomico El Leoncito, not located; Estan- 
cia Leoncito W of Observatorio Astronomico; Jose 
Marti; 17 km ESE; Quebrada de Las Flores; Tud- 
cum, "Nacedero"; Villa Nueva, 9 km NW; km 514, 
6 km N on Hwy 20); San Luis (Hualtaran; Parque 
Provincial Sierra de las Quijadas; Paso del Rey, 
Arroyo de la Canada Honda; Quebrada de Lopez, 
San Francisco del Monte de Oro; Rio Gomes, 7 km 
E of San Francisco del Monte de Oro; Salinas del 
Bebedoro, 15 km E, 15 km SE; Varela, 12 km N); 
Salta (Cachi, 30 km E); Tucumdn (El Bracho; El 
Cadillal; Las Mesadas; San Pedro de Cololao); 
Buenos Aires (Laguna Chasico; Vivero Chasico); 
Chubut (Punta Norte; Peninsula Valdes, 3 km S; 
Dolaron, ca. 200 km W; Dolaron, 280 km W; Isla 
de los Pajaros; Istmo Ameghino; Puerto Lobos; 
Puerto Piramides); Jujuy (Humahuaca, 1 1 km E, on 
road to Cianzo; Abra Pampa; Alfarcitos; Casabin- 
do; Laguna de Pozuelos; Maimara); La Pampa 
(Parque Nacional Lihue Calel); La Rioja (Cerro [ = 
Loma de] Famatina; La Invernada; Pagancillo; Pa- 
tquia; Poterillo); Mendoza (Cacheuta; Callao, not 
located; Challao; Colonia Alocar Rio Atuel; De- 
saguadero; La Paz; Las Heras; Loncovaca; Lujan 
de Cuyo; Nacunan; Punta del Agua; Santa Rosa; 
Tunuyan; Tupungato); Neuquen (Chos Malal; Col- 
Ion Cura; Las Lajas; Parque Nacional Laguna Blan- 
ca; Zapala); Rio Negro (Estancia Maria Sofia; Gen- 
eral Roca); San Juan (Reserva Natural Estricta El 
Leoncito); San Luis (Alto Pencoso; Parque Nacion- 
al Sierra de las Quijadas; Villa Valeria); Santiago 
del Estero (Esteros; Lago Muyo; La Valle); Tucu- 
mdn (Dique de Cadillal; El Bracho; Las Mesadas, 
Trancas; Tafi del Valle; Tapia; Tucuman, 90 km 
NNW). Solari, 2001 (pers. comm.) PERU: Ancash 
(Huaras; Pariacoto; Chasquitambo); Lima (Meta- 
cana). 

Marmosa pallidior: Tate, 1933:229 BOLIVIA: Oru- 
ro (Challapata); La Paz; Tarija (Estacion Yuruma 
[now in Potosi]); ARGENTINA: Jujuy (Maimara; 
Abra Pampa; Casabindo); Tucumdn (Tafi del Val- 
le); Santiago del Estero (La Valle; Esteros); Cata- 
marca (Otro Cerro; Chumbicha; Gualfin [= Hual- 
fin]); La Rioja (La Invernada; Potrerillo); Mendoza 
(Tupungato; Colonia Alocar, Rib Atuel); Neuquen 
(Chos-Malal; Collon Cura; Las Lajas); Rio Negro 
(General Roca). Yepes, 1936a:699 ARGENTI- 
NA: Mendoza. 

Marmosa elegans pallidior Thomas, 1902c: 159, 
161 BOLIVIA: Oruro (Challapata). Thomas, 
191 3a: 143 ARGENTINA: Jujuy (Maimara, 2230 
m). Thomas, 1919c: 1 18 ARGENTINA: Catamar- 
ca (Chumbicha). Thomas, 1919b: 135 ARGENTI- 
NA: Jujuy (Abra Pampa, 3500 m; Casabindo, 4000- 
4500 m). Thomas, 1920d:422 ARGENTINA: La 
Rioja (La Invernada; Potrerillo; Sierra de Famati- 
na). Thomas, 1 92 le:6 17 ARGENTINA: Jujuy 
(Alfarcito, 2600 m). Thomas, 1926f: 195 BOLIV- 
IA: Potosi (Yuruma). Thomas, 1926g:641 AR- 



GENTINA: Neuquen (Chos-Malal, 805 m; Las La- 
jas, 640 m; Zapala, 1062 m). Thomas, 1927d:657 
ARGENTINA: Neuquen (Zapala). Thomas, 1927c: 
202 ARGENTINA: Neuquen (Collon Cura). Ma- 
res et al., 1981:165 ARGENTINA: Salta (Que- 
brada de San Lorenzo). 

M[armosa] e[legans] pallidior: Osgood, 1943:46- 
47 taxonomy. 

Marmosa pusilla pallidior: Cabrera, 1958:32 clas- 
sification. Olrog, 1959:407 ARGENTINA: La 
Rioja (Cerro Famatina [= Loma de Famatima], 
3200 m); Tucumdn (Dique de Cadillal, 700 m; Las 
Mesadas, Trancas, 2000 m); Jujuy (Abra Pampa, 
3500 m). Olrog, 1979:9 ARGENTINA: Jujuy 
(Cerro Calilegua). 

Marmosa {Thylamys) pusilla pallidior: Anderson et 
al., 1993:18 BOLIVIA: Santa Cruz (Santa Cruz 
de la Sierra [= Santa Cruz]). Collected by P. O. 
Simons; PERU: Lima (Surco, near Lima). 

Marmosa venusta venusta: Tate, 1933:225 PERU: 
Lima (Matucana, Rio Rimac; Surco, Rfo Rimac). 

Marmosa bruchi Thomas, 1 92 la:5 19 ARGENTI- 
NA: San Luis (type locality, Alto Pencoso, W of 
San Luis; holotype, young adult male, skin and 
skull, BMNH 21.4.21.8, collected February 1914 
by Carlos Bruch). Tate, 1933:231 ARGENTINA: 
San Luis (Alto Pencoso); Cordoba (Villa Valeria). 
Yepes, 1936b:34 ARGENTINA: La Rioja (Pa- 
gancillo; Patqufa); San Luis (Alto Pencoso [para- 
type]). Gardner, 1993:23 listed. 

Marmosa pusilla bruchi: Cabrera, 1958:32 classifi- 
cation. Olrog, 1959:407 ARGENTINA: Tucumdn 
(El Bracho, 400 m); Santiago del Estero (Lago 
Muyo). Contreras, 1973:215 ARGENTINA: Chu- 
but (Laguna Chasico). Crespo, 1974:3 ARGEN- 
TINA: Santa Cruz (Isla de los Pajaros); San Luis 
(Alto Pencoso). Daciuk, 1974:23 ARGENTINA: 
Santa Cruz (Isla de los Pajaros). 

Marmosa elegans fenestrae Marelli, 1932:68 AR- 
GENTINA: Buenos Aires (type locality, Sierra de 
la Ventana; holotype presumably an individual 
once living in the La Plata Zoological Garden). 
Gardner, 1993:23 listed. 

Marmosa pulchella: Cabrera, 1958:32 name com- 
bination in synonomy of Marmosa pusilla bruchi 
Thomas. 

Marmosa tatei Handley, 1957:402 PERU: Ancash 
(type locality, Chasquitambo, 70 m; holotype, 
male, skin and skull from specimen originally pre- 
served in spirits, USNM 302915; collected Decem- 
ber 1955 by Jose Maria de la Barrera). Gardner, 
1993:23 listed. 

Note: Sergio Solari in his master's thesis in prepara- 
tion recognizes M. tatei as a separate species [pers. 
comm.]. 



Holotype Young adult male, skin and skull, 
BMNH 2.2.2.116, collected 26 October 1901 by 
P. O. Simons. 

Type Locality Challapata, near Lake Poopo, 
Oruro, Bolivia, elevation 3800 m. 

Distribution (Fig. 87) Peru, Bolivia, and Ar- 
gentina. 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



141 



Thylamys pallidior 



xDs 






/.. 




500 1000 1500 km 



90 



80 



40 



30 



20 



10 



Fig. 87. Distribution of Thylamys pallidior: Peru. Bolivia, and Argentina. = localities given in published 
records. 



142 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Thylamys pusilla (Desmarest, 1804) 

Didelphis pusilla: Desmarest, 1804:19. Gardner, 
1993:23 listed. 

Didelphis pusila: Desmarest, 1816:430 incorrect 
subsequent spelling. 

Sarigua pusilla: Muirhead, 1819:429 new combi- 
nation. 

Didelphys pusilla: Waterhouse, 1841:112 incorrect 
subsequent spelling. 

Peramys pusilla: Lesson, 1842:187 classification. 

[Cuica] pusilla: Liais, 1872:330 classification. 

M[armosa] pusilla: Thomas, 1898a:455 PARA- 
GUAY. 

Marmosa pusilla: Bertoni, 1914:69 PARAGUAY: 
Alto Parana (Puerto Bertoni). Tate, 1933:221 
ARGENTINA: Corrientes (Goya; Estancia Coropa, 
Goya); Entre Rios (La Paz); Salta (40 km NNW of 
Tucuman). Yepes, 1938:41 PARAGUAY; AR- 
GENTINA: Entre Rios; Salta (90 km NNW of Tu- 
cuman) BRAZIL: Rio Grande do Sul. Bertoni, 
1939:6 PARAGUAY: Alto Parana (Puerto Ber- 
toni; Rio Parana, not located); agilis Burmeister re- 
garded as a variety. Reig et al., 1977:201 AR- 
GENTINA: Buenos Aires (Vivero Chasico, Chasi- 
co). Mares et al., 1981:160 ARGENTINA: Salta 
(Tolloche; Cachi [now T. pallidior, see Mares and 
Braun, 2000:39]). Crespo, 1928:33 ARGENTI- 
NA: Entre Rios (Parque Nacional El Palmar). 

Thylamys pusilla: Mares and Braun, 2000:38 AR- 
GENTINA: Chaco (El Mangrullo, 20 km N and 
NW and 1 1 km NE, not located); Formosa (Ingen- 
iero Guillermo N. Juarez, 35 km S, Puesto Divi- 
sadero); Salta (Hickman; Piquirenda Viejo, 6 km 
W; Tolloche, 5 km S); Santiago del Estero (Pampa 
de los Guanacos, 6 km S, 2 km E; Virgen del Valle 
picnic area on Highway 64 between Santa Catalina 
and La Puerta Chiquita); Corrientes (Estancia Cor- 
opa, Goya; Goya); Entre Rios (La Paz); Formosa 
(Parque Nacional Rio Pilcomayo). Flores et al., 
2000:328 ARGENTINA: Salta (Tolloche, 5 km S 
on Vinalito Road; Piquirenda Viejo, 6 km W; Tu- 
cuman, 90 km NNW; Campo Grande, 17 km E of 
Santo Domingo; Departamento Capital; Dragones; 
Hickman; Los Colorados, 17 km E of Santo Do- 
mingo; Puesto Campo Grande, 17 km E of Santo 
Domingo); Santigo del Estero (Picada de Olmos, 
15 km SE, W of Los Pirpintos; Pampa de los Gua- 
nacos, 6 km S, 2 km E; Estancia Guampacha; Es- 
teros; Lavalle [= La Valle]; Lago Muyo; Virgen 
del Valle picnic area on Highway 64 between Santa 
Catalina and La Puerta Chiquita; Robles; San An- 
tonio; Villa La Punta); Tucuman (Cerro Medici; El 
Bracho; El Cadillal; Estacion Vipos [= Vipos]; Las 
Mesadas; San Pedro de Colalao; Tapia). 

Marmosa pusilla pusilla: Cabrera, 1958:33 classifi- 
cation. Olrog, 1959:408 ARGENTINA: Salta 
(Hickmann). Wetzel and Lovett, 1974:203 PAR- 
AGUAY: Nueva Asuncion (Teniente Ochoa); Pres- 
idente Hayes (Juan de Zalazar [= Fortin Juan de 
Zalazarj). 

Grymaeomys pusillus: Burmeister, 1856:83 classifi- 
cation. 

Philander pusillus: Cope, 1889:130 BRAZIL: Mato 
Grosso (Chapada [= Chapada dos Guimaraes]). 



Thylamys pusillus: Morando and Polop, 1997:131 
ARGENTINA: Cordoba. Anderson, 1997:164 
BOLIVIA: Chuquisaca (Tarabuco, 12 km N, 1 1 km 
W; Padilla, 9 km N; Carandayti, 3.8 km E); Santa 
Cruz (Santa Cruz de la Sierra; Puesto Perforacion; 
Boyuibe, 53 km E); Tarija (Villa Montes, 8 km S 
and 10 km E; Villa Montes, 35 km SE; Entre Rios; 
Estancia Bolivar). 

Marmosa janetta pulchella Cabrera, 1934:126 AR- 
GENTINA: Santiago del Estero (type locality, Ro- 
bles; holotype, female, skin and skull, Museo de 
La Plata, collected by Jorge Arganarez). Gardner, 
1993:23 listed. 

[Didelphys] nana Illiger, 1815:107 nomen nudum. 

D[idelphys] nana Olfers, in Eschwege, 1818:206 
renaming of pusilla Desmarest. Gardner, 1993:23 
listed. 

Did[elphis] nana: Schinz, 1821:252 PARAGUAY. 

[Marmosa] nana: Trouessart, 1898:1241 listed in 
synonymy of Marmosa pusilla. 

Marmosa marmota Thomas, 1896:footnote, pp. 313 
314 name based on Didelphys marmota Oken, 
1816 [a nonbinomialist, hence valid only as of 
Thomas, 1896; regarded as a senior synonym of 
grisea Desmarest]. Thomas, 1902c: 158 ARGEN- 
TINA: Corrientes (Goya); grisea Desmarest a syn- 
onym. Gardner, 1993:23 listed. 

M[amosa] marmota: Thomas, 1912d:410 PARA- 
GUAY: Paraguari (Sapucay [= Sapucaf]); Central 
(Asuncion). 

Marmosa marmota marmota: Tate, 1933:218 PAR- 
AGUAY: Paraguari (Sapucay [= Sapucaf]; Cen- 
tral (Asuncion); grisea Desmarest a synonym. 

Marmosa citella Thomas, 191 2d:409 ARGENTI- 
NA: Corrientes (type locality, Goya, 181 m; ho- 
lotype, young adult male, skin and skull, BMNH 
98.8.19.9, collected 25 July 1895 by R. Perrens). 
Gardner, 1993:23 listed. 

[Thylamys] citella: Matschie, 1916:271 listed. 

Marmosa verax Thomas, 1 92 la:520 PARAGUAY: 
Chaco (type locality, Misiones, W of Concepcion, 
not located; holotype, female, skin and skull, 
BMNH 20.12.18.34, collected 29 July 1920 and 
presented by the Marquis de Wavrin). Gardner, 
1993:23 listed. 

Marmosa marmota verax: Tate, 1933:220 PARA- 
GUAY: Chaco (Mision [= Misiones], not located; 
Bermalcue, not located). 

[Marmosa marmota] verax: Krumbiegel, 1941c:9 
PARAGUAY: Boqueron (Esteros, Rio Pilcomayo); 
ARGENTINA: Formosa (La Urbana [= Tapikiole], 
Rio Pilcomayo). 

Marmosa elegans: Bertoni (not Waterhouse), 1923: 
51 PARAGUAY. Bertoni, 1939:6 PARAGUAY: 
Central (Asuncion). 

Marmosa pallidior: Tate, 1933: 229 ARGENTINA: 
Salta (Tucuman, 90 km NNW; Estacion Vipos; 
Tapia); BOLIVIA: Santa Cruz (Santa Cruz de la 
Sierra) [= Santa Cruz]); ARGENTINA: Santiago 
de Estero (La Valle; Esteros; Villa Montes, not lo- 
cated). 

Thylamys pallidior: Mares and Braun, 2000:36 AR- 
GENTINA: Salta (Tucuman, 90 km NNW). 

Marmosa karimii Petter, 1968:313 BRAZIL: Per- 
nambuco (type locality, Exu; holotype, male, skin 
and skull, no. 1968-148, Museu National d'Histoire 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



143 



Thylamys pusilla 




90 80 



70 60 50 40 



Fig. 8 
south to 



1. Distribution of Thylamys pusilla: eastern and central Brazil, southern Bolivia. Paraguay, and Argentina 
Rio Negro. = localities given in published records. 



144 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Naturelle, Paris, collected by Dr. Y. Karimi). Pine 
et al., 1970:669 BRAZIL: Mato Grosso (Xavati- 
na, 264 km N). Mares et al., 1981:101 BRAZIL: 
Pemambuco (Escola Agricola de Exu; Exu; Fazen- 
da Guarani). 

Holotype Not known to be in existence; 
name based on the micoure nain of Azara. 

Type Locality Saint-Ignace-Gouazou [= San 
Ignacio Misiones]; southern Paraguay. 

Distribution (Fig. 88) Central and eastern 
Brazil, Paraguay, and southern Bolivia south to 
Rio Negro, Argentina. 



Thylamys velutinus (Wagner, 1842) 

Didelphys velutina Wagner, 1842:360. Burmeister, 
1854:142 BRAZIL: Minus Gerais (Lagoa Santa). 
Pelzeln, 1883:115 BRAZIL: Sao Paulo (Ipane- 
ma). Thomas, 1888b:352 BRAZIL: Sao Paulo. 
Gardner, 1993:23 listed. 

Macrodelphys velutina: Burmeister, 1856:86 BRA- 
ZIL: Minas Gerais (Lagoa Santa). 

[Marmosa] velutina: Trouessart, 1898:1241 classi- 
fication. 

[Thylamys] velutina: Matschie, 1916:271 listed. 

Marmosa velutina: Tate, 1933:234 BRAZIL: Sao 
Paulo (Ipanema [type]); Minas Gerais (Lagoa San- 
ta). Vieira, 1949:351 BRAZIL: Sao Paulo. Vi- 
eira, 1949:351 BRAZIL: Sao Paulo. Vieira, 
1955:351 BRAZIL: Sao Paulo (Capital, not lo- 
cated; Ipanema). 

Marmosa velutina velutina: Cabrera, 1958:34 clas- 
sification. 

Grymaeomys velutinus: Winge, 1893:29. 

Peramys velutinus: Ihering, 1894:11 BRAZIL: Sao 
Paulo. 

Didelphys pimelura Reinhardt, 1851:5 BRAZIL: 
Minas Gerais (type locality, Lagoa Santa; holotype, 
male, skin mounted with skull in Copenhagen Mu- 
seum no. 164). Gardner, 1993:23 listed. 

[Marmosa] pimelura: Trouessart, 1898:1242 listed 
in synonymy of Marmosa elegans Waterhouse. 

Holotype Male, skin and skull, Vienna Zoo- 
logical Museum no. 81; collected 10 June 1821 
by Johann Natterer. 

Type Locality Ipanema, Sao Paulo, Brazil. 

Distribution (Fig. 89) Southeastern Brazil. 



Thylamys venustus (Thomas, 1902) 

Marmosa elegans: Thomas (not Waterhouse, 1839), 
1898c:4 BOLIVIA: Tarija (Caiza). Thomas (not 
Waterhouse, 1839), 1900b:302) ARGENTINA: 
Tucumdn (Tucuman, Dinelli, collector). Thomas, 
1902a: 143 BOLIVIA: Cochabamba (Parotani). 
Thomas, 1902b:230 Bolivia: Chuquisaca (Sucre). 

Thylamys elegans: Heinonen and Bosso, 1994:55 (not 



Waterhouse, 1839) ARGENTINA: Jujuy (Duraz- 
nillar, Parque Nacional Calilegua). Mares et al., 
1996:106 ARGENTINA: Catamarca (Las Hig- 
uerillas, 5 km N); Tucumdn (Aconquija; Burruya- 
cu; Cafayate, 45 km S; Cerro del Campo; Cerro de 
Taff Viejo; Cerro San Javier; Concepcion; El Cad- 
illal; Biological Reserve at Horco Molle; 4 km W 
of junction Highway 338 and road to Horco Molle; 
road to San Javier; Horco Molle; La Higuera; Lu- 
les; Norco, Vipos; Piedra Tendida; San Pablo; km 
42, Highway 364 S of San Pedro de Colalao; San 
Pedro de Colalao, 1 1 km S; San Miguel de Tucu- 
man, 17 km NW; Tucuman; Villa Nougues, Vipos; 
Cerro de Raco, Trancas). Mares et al., 1997:100 
ARGENTINA: Catamarca (Las Higuerillas). Ca- 
pllonch et al., 1997:53 ARGENTINA: Tucumdn 
(Cerro de Taff Viejo; Horco Molle; Reserva Biol- 
ogica de Horco Molle, cerca de la Residencia; San 
Javier; Taff Viejo; Cerro de Raco; Highway 338 
and road to Horco Molle [junction] on road to San 
Javier; Villa Nougues). 

Marmosa elegans venusta Thomas, 1902c: 159, 160 
BOLIVIA: Cochabamba (Parotani); Chuquisaca 
(Sucre). Osgood, 1916:200 BOLIVIA: Cocha- 
bamba (Parotani). Olrog, 1959:405 ARGENTI- 
NA: Salta (Aguary; Oran); Jujuy (Yuto). Mares et 
al., 1981:165 ARGENTINA: Salta (Aguas Blan- 
cas [= Agua Blanca]; Juntas de San Antonio; Tar- 
taga). Gardner, 1993:23 listed. 

Marmosa (Thylamys) elegans venusta: Anderson et 
al., 1993:17 BOLIVIA: Santa Cruz (Vermejo [ = 
Bermejo]; Buena Vista; Vallegrande). 

[Thylamys] venusta: Matschie, 1916:271 classifica- 
tion. 

Thylamqs venusta: Cabrera, 1958:30 incorrect sub- 
sequent spelling in synonymy of Marmosa elegans 
venusta Thomas. 

Marmosa venusta venusta: Tate, 1933:225 BOLIV- 
IA: Cochabamba (Parotani); Chuquisaca (Sucre); 
Santa Cruz ("Vermejo" [= Bermejo]). 

Thylamys venustus: Hefnonen and Bosso, 1994:55 
ARGENTINA: Jujuy (Duraznillar, Parque Nacional 
Calilegua; Aguas Negras, Parque Nacional Calile- 
gua; Caimancito, Parque Nacional Calilegua; Mes- 
ada de las Colmenas, Parque Nacional Calilegua; 
Abra de Cafias, Parque Nacional Calilegua; Cerro 
Hermosa, Parque Nacional Calilegua). Flores et al., 
2000:331 ARGENTINA: Salta (Agua Blanca, 27 
km W; Angosto del Rfo Pescado; Finca Yakulica, 
Angosto del Rfo Pescado; Arroyo Santelmita, 
Parque Nacional Baritu; Cerro Chaguar, Parque Na- 
cional Baritii); BOLIVIA: Cochabamba (Paratani). 
Anderson, 1997:165 BOLIVIA: Chuquisaca (Su- 
cre; Horcus; Rfo Limon; Monteagudo, 2 km SW; 
Porvenir; Carandayti, 3.8 km E); Cochabamba 
(Cochabamba; Vacas; Paratani; Rodeo, 7.5 km SE; 
Totora, Tinkusiri, 17 km E); La Paz (Huajchilla; 
Mecapaca); Oruro (Oruro; Oruro, 64 km S; Chal- 
apata); Santa Cruz (Buenavista; Tambo, 2.5 km N; 
Quifie [= Estancia Jahue], 6 km NNE; Quifie, 5 
km NE; Vermejo; Quine [= Estancia Laja], 17 km 
S; Ariruma, 7 km SE; Tita; Vallegrande, Rfo Cie- 
nega, 5.5 km NNE; Vallegrande; Gutierrez; Cerro 
Colorado; Cerro Itahuatica; Camiri, 10 km S); Tar- 
ija (Camatindi; Camataqui, 40 km SSE; Tapecua; 
Rancho Tambo; Tucumilla; Pino; Carlazo; Erquis; 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



145 



20 



30 



40 



50 




Thylamys velutinus 



90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 

Fig. 89. Distribution of Thylamys velutinus: southeastern Brazil. = localities given in published records. 



Entre Ribs, 5 km NNW; Tarija; Tablada; Tarija, 8 
km S; Padcaya, 1 1.5 km N and 5.5 km E; Carapari, 
3 km WNW; Caiza; Carapari; Yacuiba; Cuyambu- 
yo, 8 km N; Cuyambuyo, 4 km N; Cuyambuyo, 3 
km SE); La Paz (Palos Blancos, 2 km S, 5 km E). 
Mares and Braun, 2000:39 ARGENTINA: Cata- 
marca (Las Higuerillas, 5 km S on Highway 9); 
Jujuy (Salta, Highway 9, campground on way to El 
Carmen; El Simbolar; Laguna La Brea; El Palmar, 
Sierra de Santa Barbara, E of; Highway 29, 10 km 
W of Tiraxi; Highways 34 and 3, junction of; Cal- 
ilegua; Caimancito; Cerro Calilegua; Jujuy; Leon; 
Parque Nacional Calilegua; Sunchal, Sierra de San- 
ta Barbara; Vala [= Yala]; Villa Carolina; Yuto); 
Salta (Juntas de San Antonio; Oran, 15 km S and 
15 km W; Agua Blanca, 24 km NW; Salta, 12 km 
NW; Tartagal, 27 km E; Arroyo de los Noquez, 
Parque Nacional El Rey; Campo Duran, 8 km S, 8 
km E; Aguaray; Parque Nacional Baritii; Parque 
Nacional El Rey); Tucumdn (Aconquija; Burruya- 
cii; Cafayate, 45 km S; Cerro del Campo; Cerro de 
Taff Viejo; Cerro San Javier [= Parque Biologica 
Sierra de San Javier]; Concepcion; El Cadillal; Bi- 
ological Reserve at Horco Molle; Highway 338 and 
road to Horco Molle [junction] on road to San Ja- 
vier [= Parque Biologica Sierra de San Javier]; 
Horco Molle; La Higuera; Lules; Norco, Vipos; 
Piedra Tendida, Rio Cajon; San Pablo; Highway 
354, km 42 S of San Pedro de Colalao; San Miguel 



de Tucuman; San Pedro de Colalao, 11 km S; Tu- 
cuman; Villa Nougues; Vipos; Cerro de Raco; Cer- 
ro Medici; San Javier; Sierra [= Serra] de Tucu- 
man; Taff Viejo; Estacion Vipos). 

Marmosa elegans Cinderella, Thomas; 1902c: 159, 
161 ARGENTINA: Tucumdn (type locality, Tu- 
cuman; holotype, female, skin and skull, BMNH 
0.7.9.205, collected 1 December 1899 by L. Di- 
nelli). Thomas, 1918:193 ARGENTINA: Jujuy 
(Leon). Thomas, 1 920a: 1 96 ARGENTINA: Jujuy 
(Jujuy; Villa Carolina). Thomas, 1925:582 BO- 
LIVIA: Tarija (Carapari). Thomas, 1926c:608 
ARGENTINA: Tucumdn (Cerro del Campo, Bur- 
ruyacu; Norco, Vipos; Cerro de Taff Viejo). Olrog, 
1959:405 ARGENTINA: Tucumdn (Concepcion; 
San Javier; Vipos). Gardner, 1993:23 listed. 

M[armosa] e[legans] Cinderella: Osgood, 1943:46- 
47 taxonomy. 

Marmosa venusta Cinderella: Tate, 1933: 226 AR- 
GENTINA: Tucumdn (Norco, Vipes; Villa Nouges, 
San Pablo; Cerro de Taff Viejo; Concepcion; Tran- 
cas; Cerro de Raco; Cerro del Campo, Burruyacii; 
Sierra de Tucuman); Jujuy (Jujuy; Caimancito; 
Leon); BOLIVIA: Tarija (Carapari). 

[Thylamys] Cinderella: Matschie, 1916:271 listed. 

Thylamys Cinderella: Flores et al., 2000:325 AR- 
GENTINA: Jujuy (4 km W junction of Highways 
34 and 3 on Highway 3; Caimancito; junction road 
to Puesto Viejo and Highway 34, 4 km E on road 



146 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



to Puesto Viejo; Jujuy; Laguna La Brea; Leon; El 
Carmen, campground on Highway 9; Oyeros, 3 km 
N; Santa Rita, 2 km NW; Santa Rita, 4 km NW; 
Villa Carolina, Rio Lavallen; Yuto); Salta (Agu- 
aray; Giiemes, Highway 34, km 1383; Playa An- 
cha; Rio Mojotoro, bridge of Ferrocarril Belgrano; 
San Ramon de la Nueva Oran; Tartagal, Laguna de 
Las Catas); Tucumdn (Cerro de Raco; Cerro de Tafi 
Viejo; Cerro del Campo; Concepcion; Finca El Ja- 
giiel, 4.5 km NW road 304 on way to Requelme; 
Norco-Vipos; Raco; Tucuman; Villa Nougues, San 
Pablo). 

Marmosa elegans sponsoria Thomas, 1921c: 186 
ARGENTINA: Jujuy (type locality Sunchal, Sierra 
de Santa Barbara, 1200 m; holotype, male, skin and 
skull BMNH 21.1.8.85, collected 23 June 1920 by 
E. Budfn). Gardner, 1993:23 listed. 

Marmosa venusta sponsoria: Tate, 1933:228 AR- 
GENTINA: Jujuy (Sunchal, Sierra de Santa Bar- 
bara; Higuerilla; near Vala; Calilegua; Leon; Cai- 
mancito). 

Thylamys sponsoria: Flores et al., 2000:330 AR- 
GENTINA: Jujuy (Barcena, 9 km NW; Abra de 
Canas; El Monolito, Abra de Canas; Aguas Negras 
Arroyo La Horqueta, 3 km SE of Laguna de Yala 
Arroyo La Horqueta, 6 km SE of Laguna de Yala 
Arroyo Yuto, 13 km SW of Yuto; Caimancito; Cal- 
ilegua; Cerro Hermoso; El Simbolar; Higuerilla; 
Mesadas de las Colmenas; Mountains W of Yala; 
near Yala; Highway 29, 10 km W of Tiraxi; Palma 
Sola; Parque Nacional Calilegua; Rio Blanco, 9 km 
SW San Antonio; Rio Tesorero; Rio Tiraxi; Santa 
Barbara; Sunchal, Sierra de Santa Barbara); Salta 
(Potrerillos; Highways 50 and 18, junction, 43.7 
km NW on road to Isla Canas; Rio de Las Conchas; 
Rio Santa Maria; Vado de Arrazayal); Tucumdn 
(Aconquija; Biological Reserve Horco Molle, near 
Residencia; Cerro San Javier; Concepcion; Horco 
Molle; Las Agiiitas, El Taficillo; Parque Provincial 
El Cochuna; Piedra Tendida; Reserva Provincial La 
Florida, 7 km from Ibatin on Rio Pueblo Viejo; San 
Javier; San Javier, Estacion Biologica R. Schreiter; 
San Miguel de Tucuman; Villa Nougues). 

Marmosa janetta Thomas, 1926b:327 BOLIVIA: 
Tarija (type locality Carlazo, 2300 m; holotype, 
male, skin and skull, BMNH 26.1.1.167, collected 
26 February 1925 by Emilio Budfn). Tate, 1933: 
220 BOLIVIA: Tarija (Carlazo; Pino [= Pinos); 
Tallada [= Tablada]). Gardner, 1993:23 listed. 

M[armosa] janetta: Handley, 1956:403 BOLIVIA. 

Marmosa elegans janetta: Olrog, 1959:406 ARGEN- 
TINA: Tucumdn (La Higuera, Trancas); Jujuy (Yuto). 

Didelphys dorsigera: Burmeister (not Linnaeus), 
1879:192 part, ARGENTINA: northern Jujuy. 



Holotype Female, skin and skull, BMNH 
2.1.1.120, collected by P. O. Simmons. 

Type Locality Parotani, Cochabamba, Boliv- 
ia, 2800 m. 

Remarks The genus Thylamys is under revi- 
sion; some authors (Flores et al., 2000) recognize 
Cinderella and sponsoria as distinct species; oth- 



ers (Mares and Braun, 2000) do not. Work is on- 
going. 

Distribution (Fig. 90) Bolivia and northern 
Argentina. 



II. Order Paucituberculata 

Family Caenolestidae Trouessart, 1898 
Genus Caenolestes Thomas, 1895 

Hyracodon Tomes, 1863:50 name preoccupied by 

Hyracodon Leidy, 1 856, a genus of Perissodactyla. 

Gardner, 1993:25. 
Caenolestes Thomas, 1895:367 substitute name for 

Hyracodon Tomes, preoccupied. Gardner, 1993: 

25 listed. 

Type Species Hyracodon fuliginosus Tomes, 
by original designation. 

Distribution (Fig. 91) Temperate zone forests 
of the Andes of western Venezuela, Colombia, and 
Ecuador; elevational range from approximately 
2100 to 4000 m (see Albuja and Patterson, 1996). 



Caenolestes caniventer Anthony, 1921 

Caenolestes caniventer Anthony, 1921a:6. Albuja and 
Patterson, 1996:52 ECUADOR: El Oro (El Chi- 
ral); Azuay (Molleturo); PERU: Piura (Cerro Chin- 
guela; "Batan" on Zapalache-Carmen Trail; Huan- 
cabamba). Gardner, 1993:25 listed, synonomy. 

Holotype Male, skin and skeleton, AMNH 
47174; collected 2 August 1920 by Harold E. An- 
thony. 

Type Locality El Chiral, Cordillera Occiden- 
tal, El Oro, Ecuador, 5350 ft (= 1670 m). 

Distribution (Fig. 92) Western Ecuador and 
northwestern Peru. 

Additional Records (compiled from Patter- 
son and Albuja an unpublished monograph on 
shrew-opossums). ECUADOR: Pichincha; Ver- 
decocha (Anthony, 1923, AMNH); Canon del Rio 
Pita (AMNH); San Antonio (Tate, 1922, AMNH); 
Santa Rosa above Rio Pita (AMNH); Loja; Ca- 
januma, Laguna Compadre (EPN); Azuay; Pin- 
angu (Tate, 1922, AMNH; Wickenheiser, 1922, 
AMNH); Pauji [= Paujchi] (Tate, 1922, AMNH; 
Wickenheiser, 1922, AMNH); Mazan (Barnett, 
1984, BMNH); El Oro; Cordillera de Chilla, Tar- 
aguacocha (Anthony, 1920, AMNH); Tungura- 
hua; San Antonio (AMNH); San Francisco (Tate, 
1922, AMNH); ZamoralChinchipe; Zamora (An- 
thony, 1923, AMNH). 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



147 



20 



30 



40 



50 




Thylamys venustus 



90 



80" 



70 



60'" 



50^' 



40 



30 



20 



10 L 



Fig. 90. Distribution of Thylamys venustus: Bolivia and northern Argentina. = localities given in published 
records. 



Caenolestes condorensis Albuja and Patterson, 
1996 

Caenolestes condorensis Albuja and Patterson, 1996: 
42 ECUADOR: Morona-Santiago (Achupallas). 

Holotype Adult male, skin and skull. FMNH 
152134; collected 23 July 1993 by Luis Albuja 
and Alfredo Luna. 

Type Locality "Achupallas," a place name 
coined by members of the Rapid Assessment Pro- 
gram expedition for their camp on the upper pla- 
teau of the Cordillera del Condor in the Provincia 
de Morona-Santiago, Ecuador, altitude 2080 m. 

Distribution (Fig. 93) Found only in the Cor- 
dillera del Condor, southeastern Ecuador. 

Caenolestes convelatus Anthony, 1924 

Caenolestes convelatus Anthony, 1924:1. Gardner. 
1993:25 listed. Albuja and Patterson, 1996:52 
COLOMBIA: Antioquia (Paramo Frontino, Caice- 
do; Santa Barbara): ECUDAOR: Imbabura (Haci- 
enda La Vega); Pichincha (Gualea. Ilambo Valley; 
Galaya [= Saloya] West; Santa Rosa, Mindo; Las 



Maquinas; El Hato, Antisana; El Castillo). Kirsch 
and Waller, 1979:390 ECUADOR: Pichincha 

(Aloag, 1 1 km W). 

Holotype Male, skin and skull, AMNH 
64462; collected 24 September 1923 by Harold E. 
Anthony. 

Type Locality Las Maquinas, on trail from 
Aloag to Santo Domingo de los Colorados. Cor- 
dillera Occidental, Ecuador, 7000 ft (= 2180 m). 

Distribution (Fig. 94) Western Colombia and 
northwestern Ecuador. 

Additional Records (compiled from Patter- 
son and Albuja an unpublished monograph on 
shrew-opossums) COLOMBIA: Valle del Cau- 
ca-Choco; Alto de Galapagos (UV); ECUADOR: 
Pichincha; Old Santo Domingo Trail, Rio Saloya, 
not located (UMMZ). 



Caenolestes fuliginosus (Tomes, 1863) 



H[yracodon] fuliginosus Tomes, 
1993:25 listed. 



1863:51. Gardner. 



148 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Caenolestes 




20 



1500 km 



Fig. 91. 
Ecuador. 



80" 70 60 50 3 30* 30 

Distribution of the genus Caenolestes: extreme western Venezuela south through western Colombia and 



C[aenolestes] fuliginosus: Thomas, 1895:367 type 
of genus Caenolestes Thomas. 

Caenolestes fuliginosus: Stone, 1914:17 ECUA- 
DOR: Pichincha (Hacienda Garzon, Cerro Pichin- 
cha). Lonnberg, 1921:70, 72 ECUADOR: Imba- 
bura (Cerro Cotacachi, 8000 ft [= 2500 m]); Pi- 
chincha (road to Nanegal, 6000 ft [= 1875 m]; Cer- 
ro Illiniza, 12000 ft [= 3750 m]; La Carolina, 9400 
ft [= 2930 m]). Tate, 1931:248 ECUADOR: sub- 
paramo zone. Kirsch and Waller, 1979:390 EC- 
UADOR: Pichincha (Volcan Pichincha, 3300 m). 
Albuja and Patterson, 1996:52 COLOMBIA: An- 
tioquia (Paramo Frontino, Paramo Sonson, 8800 ft 
[= 2750 m]); Nariho (Pasto); Caldas (Rio Terma- 
les; Termales del Ruiz); Valle del Cauca (Paramo 
de Barragan); Cauca (Paramo de Guanacas; La- 
guna San Rafael, Paramo de Purace); Quindio (Fin- 
ca "Bengala," Carretera Salento-Cocora; Finca 
Rincon Santo, Municipio Salento); Huila (Rio Ove- 
jera; San Antonio; Santa Marta; Rio Magdalena); 
Cundinamarca (Guasca, Rio Balcones; Finca El 
Soche, Soacha; San Miguel-Sibate, Soacha; San 
Cristobal; Bogota); Boyacd (Hacienda La Prima- 
vera); Norte de Santander (Paramo de Tama); EC- 
UADOR: Pichincha (Chinchin Cocha; Tablahuasi 
occidente; Galaya [= Saloya Occidente]; Verde- 
cocha; Quebrada de Pichan; Pichan; Inga Pirca; 
San Ignacio, Volcan Pichincha; Faldas Iliniza; Fal- 



das Occidentales del Pichincha; Volcan Pichincha, 
oriente; Paramos of Chimborazo or Pichincha, not 
located; Laderas Iliniza); Bolivar (Sinche, 1 1 100 ft 
[= 3460 m]); Chimborazo (Cerro Chimborazo); 
Napo (Cosanga, Rio Aliso; Cerro Antisana; Rio 
Bermejo); VENEZUELA: Tdchira (San Cristobal); 
COLOMBIA/VENEZUELA: Norte de Santander 
(Paramo de Tama). 

[Caenolestes] fuliginosus: Cabrera, 1919:98. Thomas, 
1920c:246 ECUADOR: Pichincha (Gualea). 

Caenolestes obscurus Thomas, 1895:367 COLOM- 
BIA: Cundinamarca (Bogota) (type locality, Estan- 
cia La Selva, Bogota; holotype, in spirits, BMNH 
96.1.7.1, collected 7 May 1895 by G. D. Child). 
Osgood, 1912:38 COLOMBIA: Norte de Santan- 
der (Paramo de Tama). Lonnberg, 1921:72 EC- 
UADOR: Pichincha (road to Gualea; La Carolina, 
3 mi N of Quito, 9400 ft [= 2930 m]). Osgood, 
1924:167 COLOMBIA: Norte de Santander 
(Paramo de Tama). Niceforo Maria, 1925:47 
COLOMBIA. Handley, 1976:9 VENEZUELA: 
Tdchira (Buena Vista). Mendez, 1977:91 CO- 
LOMBIA: Cauca (Parque de Purace); Cundina- 
marca (El Soche). Kirsch and Waller, 1979:390 
COLOMBIA: Cauca (Laguna San Rafael, Paramo 
de Purace, 3000 m); Cundinamarca (Finca El So- 
che, 2630 m). Tyndale-Biscoe, 1980:714 CO- 
LOMBIA: Cauca (Paramo de Purace); Cundina- 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



149 




Fig. 92. Distribution of Caenolestes caniventer: western Ecuador and northwestern Peru, o 
unpublished records; = localities given in published records. 



localities from 



marca (Paramos El Soche); COLOMBIA/VENE- 
ZUELA: Norte de Santander Tdchira (Paramo de 
Tama). Cuervo Diaz et al., 1986:474 COLOM- 
BIA: Cundinamarca (Bogota, cerca de); Narino. 
Gardner, 1993:25 listed. Albuja and Patterson, 
1996:52 COLOMBIA: Cauca (Laguna de Pura- 
ce). 

[Caenolestes] obscurus: Cabrera, 1919:99 classifi- 
cation. 

C[aenolestes] Obscurus: Thomas, 1920c:247. 

Caenolestes tatei Anthony, 1923:1 ECUADOR: 
Azuay (type locality, Molleturo, 7600 ft [= 2375 
m]; holotype, female, skin and skull, AMNH 
61860; collected 11 June 1922 by G. H. H. Tate). 
Gardner, 1993:25 listed. 

Holotype Young individual in spirits, BMNH 
7.1.1.191; collected by Fraser. 

Type Locality Ecuador; precise locality not 
given, but Fraser may have taken the type either 
in Pallatanga or in the vicinity of Quito. 

Distribution (Fig. 95) Andes of Colombia, 
Ecuador, northern Peru and northwestern Vene- 
zuela. 

Additional Records (compiled from Patter- 
son and Albuja, an unpublished manuscript on 



shrew-opossums) ECUADOR: Pichincha; Alas- 
pungo, Cerro Pichincha (MCZ); Las Maquinas 
(AMNH); Santa Rosa, Mindo (Tate, 1923, 
AMNH); Rio San Rafael, near Santa Rosa (An- 
thony, 1923, AMNH); Santa Rosa (AMNH); An- 
tisanilla (Tate, 1923, AMNH; Anthony, 1923, 
AMNH); Lloa, Rio Condor Huashana (USNM); 
Corazon, forest NW of (Tate, 1923, AMNH; 
Anthony, 1923, AMNH); El Chaupi, NW of 
(ZFMK); Quebrada Tasinchana (ZFMK); Cerro 
Pichincha, Crater (MCZ); Old Santo Domingo 
Trail, not located (UMMZ); Canon del Rio Pita 
(AMNH); Rio Pita, upper (AMNH); Rio Pita 
(MCZ, AMNH); Napo; Papallacta, near (Voss, 
1978, AMNH); COLOMBIA: Agua Larga, not lo- 
cated (Child, 1895, BMNH); Quindio; La Guneta 
(= Laguneta) (AMNH). 

Other Additional Records COLOMBIA: 
Antioquia; Paramo Frontino (Hershkovitz, 1951, 
FMNH); Cauca; Munchique (von Sneidern, 1958, 
FMNH); PERU: Piura; Cerro Chinguela, 5 km 
NE of Zapalache (Barkley, 1980, LSUMZ), "Ba- 
tan," on Zapalache-Carmen Trail (Barkley, 1980, 
LSUMZ). 



150 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Caenolestes condorensis I < 







500 


1000 1 


MM ion 








\l 


j 







...._. 




__ i 









30" 

Fig. 93. Distribution of Caenolestes condorensis: found only in Cordillera del Condor in southeastern Ecuador. 
= localities from unpublished records; = locality given in published records. 



Genus Lestoros Oehser, 1934 

Orolestes Thomas, 1917b:3 type species, Orolestes 
inca Thomas; generic name preoccupied by Orolestes 
MacLachlan, 1895, a genus of dragonfly. Osgood, 
1921:11 distribution. Gardner, 1993:25 listed. 

Cryptolestes Tate, 1934:154 replacement name for 
Orolestes Thomas, preoccupied; type species, 
Cryptolestes inca Thomas; generic name preoccu- 
pied by Cryptolestes Ganglbauer, a genus of Co- 
leoptera. Gardner, 1993:25 listed. 

Lestoros Oehser, 1934:240 replacement name for 
Cryptolestes Tate, preoccupied; type species, Les- 
toros inca Thomas. Gardner, 1993:25 listed. 

Type Species Orolestes inca Thomas, by orig- 
inal designation. 

Distribution Highlands of southern Peru and 
northwestern Bolivia. 



Lestoros inca (Thomas, 1917) 

Orolestes inca Thomas, 1917b:3. Thomas, 1920c: 
244 PERU: Cusco (Torontoy; Machu Picchu, 
12000-14000 ft [= 3750-4375 m]; Ocobamba 



Valley, 9100 ft [= 2840 m]). Gardner, 1983:25 
listed, synonomy. 

Cryptolestes inca: Tate, 1934:154 type of Crypto- 
lestes Tate. 

Lestoros inca: Oehser, 1934:240 type of Lestoros 
Oehser. Hayman, 1971:194 PERU: Cusco (Ollan- 
taytambo). Kirsch and Waller, 1979:390 PERU: 
Cusco (Ollantaytambo). Pacheco et al., 1993:4 
PERU: Cusco (Tres Cruces; Pillahuata; Quebrada 
Morro Legufa; Trocha Ericsson, trail below P.V. 
Acjanaco; La Esperanza; Abra Acjanaco). Albuja 
and Patterson, 1996:53 PERU: Cusco (Cedro- 
bamba Ruins, Machu Picchu; Limacpunco; Pau- 
catambo; Quillabamba; Marcapata); Puno (Agu- 
alani). Anderson, 1997:167 BOLIVIA: La Paz 
(Llamachaque, near Pelechuco). 

Holotype Maie, skin and skull, USNM 
194401; collected 14 May 1915 by Edmund Heller. 

Type Locality Torontoy, Cusco, Peru; 14000 
ft (= 4375 m). 

Distribution (Fig. 96) Known only from the 
temperate zone in Cusco, southeastern Peru, and 
La Paz, Bolivia. 

Additional Records (compiled from Patter- 
son and Albuja, an unpublished monograph on 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



151 




Fig. 94. Distribution of Caenolestes ccmvelatus: western Colombia and northwestern Ecuador, o 
unpublished records; = localities given in published records. 



localities from 



shrew-opossums) PERU: Cusco; Machu Picchu. 
Runcaraccay Ruins (Heller, 1915, USNM); To- 
copoqueu, Ocobamba Valley (Heller, 1915, 
USNM); Puno; Limbani (Patterson and Albuja). 
Other Additional Records PERU: Cusco; 
San Luis, km 185 on Ollantaytambo-Quellabamba 
Rd. (Thomas, 1974. LSUMZ); Calca, 55 km N 
(Patton, 1984, MVZ); Puno; Limbani (Koford. 
1951, MVZ; Patton, MVZ). 



Genus Rhyncholestes Osgood, 1924 

Rhyncholestes Osgood, 1924:170. Gardner. 
25 listed. 



1993: 



Type Species Rhyncholestes raphanurus Os- 
good, by original designation. 

Distribution Southern Chile and adjacent 
Argentina. 

Rhyncholestes raphanurus Osgood, 1924 

Rhyncholestes raphanurus Osgood. 1924:170. Osgood. 
1943:50 CHILE: Los Lagos (Refugio. Volcan 



Osorno; boca Rio Inio. Isla de Chiloe [= Isla Chi- 
loe]). Pine et al 1979:343 CHILE: Los Lagos 
(Quellon. near mouth of Rio Yaldad). Gallardo and 
Patterson. 1987:1 1 1 CHILE: Los Lagos (Volcan 
Osorno). Patterson and Gallardo. 1987:1 CHILE: 
Los Lagos (Maicolpue: Parque Nacional Puyehue; 
Valle de La Picada: Refugio. Volcan Osorno: Peulla; 
Lago Chapo; Cucao; Puerto Carmen; Rio Inio. Isla 
Chiloe: Quellon; Fundo El Venado. Isla Chiloe. not 
located). Meserve et al.. 1988:722 CHILE: Los La- 
gos (Valle de La Picada. Parque Nacional Vincente 
Perez Rosales). Gardner. 1993:25 listed. Bimey et 
al.. 1996:1 ARGENTINA: Rio Negro (Puerto 
Blest, Parque Nacional Nahuel Huapf). Albuja and 
Patterson. 1 996:53 CHILE: Los Lagos (Maicolpue; 
Parque Nacional Puyehue; Centro de Ski Antillanca 
[= Antillanca Ski Area]; Osomo; Puerto Octay: Val- 
le de La Picada. Refugio; Valle de La Picada, La 
Picado Alto; Parque Nacional Vincente Perez Ro- 
sales. La Picada Forest: Contao; Rio Negro: Rib 
Inio); ARGENTINA: Rio Negro (Puerto Blest). Hei- 
nonen Fortabat and Chebez. 1997:20 ARGENTI- 
NA: Neuquen (Parque Nacional Nahuel Huapf). Ma- 
res and Braun. 2000:40 ARGENTINA: Neuquen 
(Parque Nacional Nahuel Huapf): Rio Negro (Parque 
Nacional Nahuel Huapf; Puerto Blest. Parque Na- 
cional Nahuel Huapf). 



152 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 




Fig. 95. Distribution of Caenolestes fuliginosus: along the Andes from northwestern Venezuela through Colombia, 
Ecuador, and northern Peru, o = localities from unpublished records; = localities given in published records. 



Holotype Skin and skeleton; FMNH 22422; 
collected 12 January 1923 by Wilfred H. Osgood. 

Type Locality Mouth of Rio Inio, south end 
of Isla de Chiloe [= Isla Chiloe], Chile. 

Distribution (Fig. 97) South-central Chile, 
including Isla Chiloe and adjacent Argentina. 

Additional Records CHILE: Los Lagos Val- 
le de La Picada, La Picada Bajo (Patterson and 
Albuja, an unpublished monograph, p. 24); Los 
Lagos; Lago Chapo, 12.4 km WNW, 19.7 km N 
(Meserve, 1986, 1987, FMNH). 



III. Order Microbiotheria 

Family Microbiotheriidae Ameghino, 

1887 

Genus Dromiciops Thomas, 1894 

Type Species Dromiciops gliroides Thomas 
by original designation. 

Distribution Chile and adjacent Argentina 
from about 36S to near 43S. 



Dromiciops gliroides Thomas, 1894 

Didelphys elegans Cunningham (not Thylamys ele- 
gans Waterhouse, a marmosid), 1871:362. 

Didelphys australis F. Philippi (not D. a. Goldfuss, 
1 8 1 2, a phalangerid), 1 893a:3 1 8 CHILE: Los La- 
gos (type locality near Union, holotype a mounted 
skin, skull inside, Museo Nacional, Santiago de 
Chile). F. Philippi, 1893b: 33 CHILE: Los Lagos 
(near Union). R. A. Philippi, 1894:33 CHILE: 
Valdivia [now in Los Lagos]; Llanquihue; Arau- 
cania. Wolffsohn and Porter, 1908:69 CHILE: 
Araucania (Curacautfn); gliroides Thomas, a syn- 
onym. 

[Didelphys (Peramys)] australis: Trouessart, 1898: 
1244 listed. 

Dromiciops australis Thomas, 1919d:212 ARGEN- 
TINA: Neuquen (Beatriz, Nahuel Huapf, 800 m); 
CHILE: Araucania (Temuco). Osgood, 1943:48 
CHILE: Araucania (Villa Portales, Rib Colorado). 
Mann, 1955:159 CHILE: Los Lagos (Puerto 
Montt; between Valdivia and Puerto Montt, not lo- 
cated). Reig et al., 1977:201 CHILE: Los Lagos 
(Valdivia). Marshall, 1978c:l, fig. 4 (map distri- 
bution). Jimenez and Rageot, 1979:83 CHILE: 
Araucania-Biohio (Parque Nacional Nahuelbuta); 
Los Lagos Parque Nacional Tolhuaca); Araucania; 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



153 




Fig. 96. Distribution of Lestoros inca: presently confined to the highlands of southern Peru and La Paz. Bolivia. 
c = localities from unpublished records (too close to published localities to be identified separately on map): = 
localities given in published records. 



(Cerro Nielol: Parque Nacional Villarrica: Los 
Parques Nacionales Conguillfo). Marshall. 1982: 
35. fig. 12 (map distribution). Pearson and Pearson. 
1982M 29 ARGENTINA: Rio Negro (Parque Na- 
cional Nahuel Huapf). Meserve et al.. 1988:721 
CHILE: Los Lagos (La Picada). Patterson et al.. 
1989:67 CHILE: Los Lagos (La Picada). Patter- 
son et al.. 1990:620 CHILE: Los Lagos (La Pi- 
cada). Birney et al.. 1996:153 ARGENTINA: Rio 
Negro (Puerto Blest). 
Dromiciops australis austral is: Osgood. 1943:48 
CHILE: Araucania (Rio Colorado: Victoria: Te- 
muco): Los Lagos (Cayetue. Lago Todos Santos 
Peulla. Lago Todos Santos: Cerro Nahuelbuta) 
Biobio (Lota. SW of Conception): ARGENTINA 
Neuquen (Beatriz. Nahuel Huapf). Santos Gollan. 
1946:191 ARGENTINA: Neuquen (Huemul. Na- 
huel Huapf: Villa Angostura. Nahuel Huapf). Greer. 
1965:103 CHILE: Araucania (Angol: Banos Rio 
Blanco: Curacautfn: Jauja: Laguna Malleco: Lon- 
quimay: Paso Pino Hachado: Rio Ranquil: Selva 
Oscura: Troyo): Los Lagos (Cordillera [= Cerro] 
de Nahuelbuta): Biobio (Cordillera de los Andes: 
Contulmo). Pine et al.. 1979:339 CHILE: Los La- 
gos (Lago Paraiso. Parque Nacional Puyehue: An- 
tillanca Ski Area [= Centro de Ski]. Parque Na- 



cional Puyehue). Tamayo and Frassinetti. 1980: 
327 CHILE: Los Lagos (Rio Itata). Pearson. 
1 983 :483 ARGENTINA. 

D[romiciops] australis australis: Schneider. 1946: 
68 CHILE: Biobio (Huepil. N of Rio Laja): Con- 
ception (Parque Pedro del Rio). 

Dromiciops gliroides Thomas. 1894b: 187 CHILE: 
Los Lagos (type locality. Huite. Chiloe Island). 
Thomas. 1919d:212 CHILE: Araucania (Temu- 
co). Krumbiegel. 1941c: 1 1 CHILE: Valdivia 
[now Los Lagos]. Patterson and Rogers, in press: 
ms. p. 1 1 ARGENTINA: Neuquen (Lago Lacar: 
Parque Nacional Nahuel Huapf): CHILE: Arauca- 
nia (Paso Pino Hachado): Biobio (Lota): Los Lagos 
(Quellon. near mouth of Rfo Yaldad. Isla Chiloe; 
Puerto Carmen. Isla Chiloe: Cucao. Isla Chiloe; 
Huite [= Puerto Huite]. Isla Chiloe: Rfo Inio. boca. 
Isla Chiloe: Peulla: Seno Reloncavf; Valdivia: Rfo 
Itata: Maicolpue: Parque Nacional Puyehue: Valle 
de La Picada). Mares and Braun. 2000:41 AR- 
GENTINA: Chubut (Parque Nacional Los Alerces: 
Parque Nacional Lago Puelo): Neuquen (Beatriz. 
Nahuel Huapi: Isla Victoria. Lago Nahuel Huapi: 
Parque Nacional Lanfn: Parque Nacional Los Ar- 
rayanes: Parque Nacional Nahuel Huapi): Rio Ne- 
gro (Pampa Linda. 5 km NW; Parque Nacional Na- 



154 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



20 



30 



40 



50 



j \ 




\ 


j 


\ 1 




- 


s/f 




Rhyncholestes raphanurus 



500 



1000 



1500 km 



3Lj_ 



90 



80 



70 



60 



50 



40" 



30 



20 



10 :j 



Fig. 97. Distribution of Rhyncholestes raphanurus: south-central Chile, including Isla Chiloe, and adjacent Ar- 
gentina. = localities from unpublished records; = localities given in published records. 



huel Huapi; Puerto Blest, Parque Nacional Nahuel 
Huapi). 
Dromiciops australis gliroides, Osgood, 1943:50 
CHILE: Los Lagos (Quellon; Huite). Pine et al., 
1979:340 CHILE: Los Lagos (Quellon, near 
mouth of Rio Yaldad, Isla Chiloe). Tamayo and 
Frassinetti, 1980:377 CHILE: Los Lagos (Isla 
Chiloe) (0-300 m). 

Holotype Male, skin and skull, BMNH 
92.9.5.3; collected 20 May 1868 by Robert O. 
Cunningham on the voyage of H.M.S. Nassau. 

Type Locality Huite, near Ancud, northeast- 
ern Chiloe Island, Chile. 

Distribution (Fig. 98) The rain forests of 
central Chile and bordering parts of Argentina 
from about 36S to 43S in Chiloe but to 41S on 
the mainland, or from the latitude of Concepcion 
to the southern border of Isla Chiloe, east to the 
lake district of Nahuel Huapi in Neuquen, and Rio 
Negro, Argentina. The elevational range extends 
from sea level on Isla Chiloe to 1450 m in Mal- 
leco Province. 

Additional Records CHILE: Araucania; 



Thermas de San Luis, 30 km E of Pucon (Creigh- 
ton, 1980, UMMZ); Los Lagos; Mafil (Castillo, 
1977, MVZ); Catamutun (Solis, 1975, MVZ); 
Osorno (Kelt, 1985, FMNH); La Picada Forest, 
Parque Nacional Vicente Perez Rosales [= Re- 
fugio] (Kelt, 1984, 1986, FMNH); Volcan Osor- 
no, La Picada (Gallardo, 1976, MVZ; Sepulveda, 
1973, MVZ); Rio Negro (Meserve, 1987, 
FMNH); Contao, Palena (Kelt, FMNH); Lago To- 
dos los Santos (Hershkovitz, 1996, personal 
notes); Yaldad, Cocauque, Isla Chiloe (Meserve 
and Lang, 1984, FMNH); ARGENTINA: Neu- 
quen; Lago Quillen (Sage, 1982, MVZ); Arroyo 
de las Terras Coloradas, Lago Huechulfaquen, 
near Cerro del Chico (Sage, 1982, MVZ); Refu- 
gio, near Paso Coihue (Patton, 1996, MVZ); Cas- 
cada Diana, 16 km WNW of Villa La Angostura 
(Pearson, 1985, MVZ); Rio Negro; Refugio Neu- 
meyer, SSW of San Carlos de Bariloche (Phillips, 
1983, MVZ); Hotel Tunquelen, 25 km E of San 
Carlos de Bariloche (Christie, 1982, MVZ); Rio 
Castano Overo, W of San Carlos de Bariloche 
(Pearson, 1978, 1979, MVZ). 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



155 




Fig. 98. Distribution of Dromiciops gliroides: south-central Chile and bordering Argentina, west through Isla 
Chiloe. o = localities from unpublished records; = localities given in published records. 



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BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



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1904a. Two new mammals from South Amer- 



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. 1904b. New Sciureus, Rhipidomys, Sylvilagus 

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1909. New species of Oecomys and Mannosa 



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Buenos Aires, with description of related new mam- 
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1910b. Mammals from the River Supinaam De- 



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. 1911b. The mammals of the tenth edition of 



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. 1912b. A new genus of opossum and a new 



tuco-tuco. Annals and Magazine of Natural History. 
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1912c. Three small mammals from South 



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. 191 2d. Three small mammals from S. America. 



Annals and Magazine of Natural History, (8)9: 408- 
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1913a. On small mammals collected in Jujuy 



by Sefior E. Budin. Annals and Magazine of Natural 
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-. 1913b. The geographical races of the wooly 



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. 1913c. New mammals from South America. 



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. 1917a. On small mammals from the delta of the 



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1918. On small mammals from Salta and Jujuy 



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. 1919a. On small mammals from "Otro Cerro." 



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. 1919b. List of mammals from the highlands of 



Jujuy. north Argentina, collected by Sr. E. Budin. An- 
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FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 






. 1919c. On small mammals from Catamarca. 

Annals and Magazine of Natural History, (9)3: 115- 
118. 

. 1919d. On small mammals collected by Sr. E. 

Budin in northwestern Patagonia. Annals and Maga- 
zine of Natural History, (9)3: 199-212. 

. 1920a. A further collection of mammals from 



Jujuy. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, (9)5: 
188-196. 
. 1920b. On mammals from the lower Amazonas 



in the Goeldi Museum, Para. Annals and Magazine of 
Natural History, (9)6: 266-283. 

1920c. Report on the Mammalia collected by 



Mr. Edmund Heller during the Peruvian expedition of 
1915 under the auspices of Yale University and the 
National Geographic Society. Proceedings of the Unit- 
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. 1920d. On small mammals from the Famatina 



chain, northwestern Rioja. Annals and Magazine of 
Natural History, (9)6: 417-422. 

1 92 1 a. Three new species of Marmosa, with a 



note on Didelphis waterhousei, Tomes. Annals and 
Magazine of Natural History, (9)7: 519-523. 

-. 1921b. A new genus of opossum from southern 



Patagonia. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 
(9)8: 136-139. 

-. 1921c. New Rhipidomys, Akodon, Ctenomys, 



and Marmosa from the Sierra Santa Barbara, S.E. Ju- 
juy. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, (9)7: 
183-187. 
. 192 Id. A new short-tailed opossum from Bra- 



zil. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, (9)8: 
441-442. 
. 1921e. On a further collection of mammals 



from Jujuy obtained by Sr. E. Budin. Annals and Mag- 
azine of Natural History, (9)8: 608-617. 

1923a. A new short-tailed opossum from Mar- 



ajo, Amazonia. Annals and Magazine of Natural His- 
tory, (9)12: 157-158. 

1923b. The geographical races of Lutreolina 



crassicaudata. Annals and Magazine of Natural His- 
tory, (9)11: 583-585. 

1923c. New subspecies of Metachirus. Annals 



and Magazine of Natural History, (9)11: 602-607. 
. 1924a. New South American small mammals. 



Annals and Magazine of Natural History, (9)13: 234- 
237. 

1924b. A short-tailed opossum from Argentina. 



Annals and Magazine of Natural History, (9)13: 586. 
1924c. On a collection of mammals made by 



Mr. Latham Rutter in the Peruvian Amazonas. Annals 
and Magazine of Natural History, (9)13: 530-538. 

1925. The Spedan Lewis South American ex- 



ploration. I. On mammals from southern Bolivia. An- 
nals and Magazine of Natural History, (9)15: 575- 
582. 

1926a. The Godman-Thomas expedition to 



Peru. I. On mammals collected by Mr. R. W. Hendee 
near Lake Junin. Annals and Magazine of Natural His- 
tory, (9)17: 313-318. 

1926b. The Spedan Lewis South American ex- 



partment, southern Bolivia. Annals and Magazine of 
Natural History, (9)17: 318-328. 

1926c. The Spedan Lewis South American ex- 



ploration III. On mammals collected by Sr. Budin in 
the Province of Tucuman. Annals and Magazine of 
Natural History, (9)17: 602-609. 

1926d. The Godman-Thomas expedition to 



Peru. III. On mammals collected by Mr. R. W. Hendee 
in the Chachapoyas region of north Peru. Annals and 
Magazine of Natural History, (9)18: 156-167. 

1926e. The Godman-Thomas expedition to 



Peru. II. On mammals collected by Mr. R. W. Hendee 
in north Peru between Pacasmayo and Chanchapoyas. 
Annals and Magazine of Natural History, (9)17: 610- 
616. 

1926f. The Spedan-Lewis South American Ex- 



ploration. IV. List of mammals obtained by Sr. Budin 
on the boundary between Jujuy and Bolivia. Annals 
and Magazine of Natural History, (9)18: 193-195. 
-. 1926g. The Spedan-Lewis South American Ex- 



ploration. V. Mammals obtained by Senor E. Budin in 
Neuquen. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 
(9)18: 635-641. 

1927a. On mammals collected by Mr. R. W. 



Hendee in the Province of San Martin, N. Peru; most- 
ly at Yurac Yacu. Annals and Magazine of Natural 
History, (9)19: 361-375. 

1927b. The Godman-Thomas expedition to 



Peru. VI. On mammals from the upper Huallaga and 
neighboring highlands. Annals and Magazine of Nat- 
ural History, (9)20: 594-608. 

-. 1927c. On further Patagonian mammals from 



Neuquen and Rio Colorado by Senor E. Budin. An- 
nals and Magazine of Natural History, (9)20: 199 
205. 
. 1927d. On a further collection of mammals 



made by Sr. E. Budin in Neuquen, Patagonia. Annals 
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1928a. The Godman-Thomas expedition to 



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BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



175 



Gazetteer 



Abra Acjanaco; Cusco, Peru (ca. 1315'S. 
7130'W, Pacheco et al., 1993) 
Lestoros inca, 3200 m 
Abra de Cafias, Parque Nacional Calilegua; Jujuy, 
Argentina (2340'S, 6454'W, Flores et al.. 
2000) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata, 1700 m. 1500 m 
Thylamys venustus, 1700 m 
Abra de La Ventana (see Sierra de la Ventana); 

Buenos Aires, Argentina 
Abra Pampa; Jujuy. Argentina (2243'S, 6542'W. 
Paynter, 1985) 
Thylamys pallidior, 3500 m 
Abre Campo; Minas Gerais. Brazil (2018'S. 
4229'W, Paynter and Traylor. 1991) 
Didelphis aurita, 548 m 
Acanafia. Rio Cunucunuma; Amazonas, Venezuela 
(0313'N, 6558'W, Perez-Hernandez. 1989) 
Caluromys lanatus, 145 m 
Monodelphis brevicaudata, 145 m 
Philander andersoni, 145 m (0339'N. 6566'W) 
Aca Poi. 10 km S of Rio Ypane, 1 km N of San 
Pedro; Concepcion, Paraguay (2305'S. 
5607'W. USBGN) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Philander opossum (10 km S of Rio Ypane) 
Acapulco; Guerrero, Mexico (1651'N, 9955'W. 
Geonet) 
Marmosa canescens 
Acatlan; Oaxaca. Mexico (1832'N. 9637'W, 
Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Achamere Wan; Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo. 
Guyana (not located) 
Micoureus demerarae 
Achotal; Veracruz-Llave, Mexico (1744'N. 
9510'W, Geonet) 
Marmosa mexicana 
Philander opossum 
Achupallas; Morona-Santiago. Ecuador (0327'S, 
7821'W, Albuja and Patterson, 1996) 
Caenolestes eondorensis, 2100 m 
Aconquija. Concepcion; Tucuman. Argentina 
(2713'S. 6608'W, Mares et al., 1997) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Thylamys venustus, 3000 m 
Adampada Kreek; Sipaliwini, Suriname (0434'N. 
5632'W, Geonet) 
Marmosa murine 
Agua Blanca (= Aguas Blancas). 24 km NW; Sal- 
ta. Argentina (2244'S, 6422'W, Flores et al.. 
2000) 



Lutreolina crassicaudata, ca. 400 m 
Thylamys venustus 
Agua Buena; Puntarenas, Costa Rica (0845'N, 
8256'W, 3 localities within a few km of each 
other. Geonet) 
Marmosa mexicana 
Agua Caliente; Cartago. Costa Rica (1026'N, 
8516'W. USBGN) 
Micoureus alstoni, 1300 m 
Chironectes minimus, 1400 m 
Agua Caliente (= Aguas Calientes); Huanuco, 
Peru (0850'S. 7441'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys lanatus, ca. 150 ft (= 45 m) 
Aguacatal; Carabobo. Venezuela (1012'N, 
6807'W. Geonet) 
Chironectes minimus, 1 100 m 
Agua Colorada; Yoro. Honduras (1523'N, 
8725'W, Geonet) 
Caluromxs derhianus, 3000 ft (= 930 m) 
Agua Dulce; Pando. Bolivia (lrOl'S, 6612'W, 
Anderson, 1997) 
Philander opossum 
Agua Dulce; Veracruz-Llave. Mexico (1808'N, 
9408'W. Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Agualani; Puno. Peru (1406'S. 6942'W, Geonet) 

Lestoros inca, 2840 m. 9200 ft (= 2870 m) 
Agua Larga; Colombia (not located) 

Caenolestes fuliginosus 
Agua Negra; Yaracuy. Venezuela (1004'N, 
6909'W. Perez-Hernandez. 1989) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 80 m 
Marmosa robinsoni, 80 m 
Monodelphis palliolata, 80 m 
Aguaray: Salta, Argentina (2216'S, 6345'W, 
Paynter, 1985) 
Didelphis albiventris, 700 m 
Thylamys venustus, 565 m 
Aguaruna Village. Rio Cenepa. near Huampami 
(= Kayamas. Aguaruna Village = Tseasim); 
Amazonas. Peru (not located) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Philander andersoni 
Aguas Blancas (see Agua Blanca); Salta, Argentina 
Aguas Caliente (see Agua Caliente); Huanuco, 

Peru 
Aguas Calientes, 1 km below Shintuya; Madre de 
Dios. Peru (Shintuya = 1241'S. 7115'W, Geo- 
net) 
Caluromys lanatus 

Philander opossum, 450 m (left bank Rio Ma- 
dre de Dios) 
Aguascalientes; Aguascalientes. Mexico (2153'N, 
10212'W. Geonet) 



176 



FIELD1ANA: ZOOLOGY 



Didelphis marsupialis 
Aguas Chiquitas; Tucuman, Argentina (2637'S, 
6512'W, Mares et al., 1996) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Aguas Claras, near San Adolfo, Rio Suaza; Huila, 
Colombia (ca. 0137'N, 7559'W, Paynter, 
1997) 
Didelphis albiventris, 1500 m 
"Aguas Claras" Camp; Madre de Dios, Peru 
(1257'S, 6854'W, Emmons et al., 1994) 
Didelphis marsupialis, ca. 190 m 
Marmosops noctivagus, ca. 190 m 
Aguas Negras (see Parque Nacional Calilegua); 

Jujuy, Argentina 
Aguas Negras, Parque Nacional Itatiaia (see Pico 
das Agulhas Negras); Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 
Agua Viva; Trujillo, Venezuela (0933'N, 
7038'W, Geonet) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 164 m 
Philander opossum, 164 m 
Aguirre; Carabobo, Venezuela (1014'N, 
6814'W, Lopez-Fuster et al., 2000) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Agiiita, Cerro Duida; Amazonas, Venezuela (ca. 
0320'N, 6532'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Didelphis albiventris, 3250 ft (= 1000 m) 
Aipua (= Ayapua), W side Rio Purus; Amazonas, 
Brazil (0427'S, 6208'W, Paynter and Tray- 
lor, 1991) 
Micoureus demerarae 
Alajuela; Alajuela, Costa Rica (1001'N, 8413'W, 
Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Alamor; Loja, Ecuador (0402'S, 8002'W, Payn- 
ter, 1993) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1325 m 
Marmosops impavidus, 1325 m 
Alaspungo, Cerro Pichincha; Pichincha, Ecuador 
(0000\ 7836'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus 
Albergue Bosque de las Nubes, at Puente Union; 
Cusco, Peru (ca. 1309'S, 7117'W, Pacheco 
et al., 1993) 
Marmosops noctivagus, 1700 m 
Albergue Cusco (Cusco) Amazonico, Puerto Mal- 
donado; Madre de Dios, Peru (Puerto Mal- 
donado = 1236'S, 6911'W, Paynter, 1983) 
Caluromys lanatus (12 km E of Puerto Mal- 

donado) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 200 m (12 km E of 
Puerto Maldonado) 
Albina; Marowijne, Suriname (0530'N, 5403'W, 
Stephens and Tray lor, 1985) 



Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Philander opossum 
Albrook; Panama, Panama (0858'N, 7934'W, 
Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Philander opossum 
Albrook Field; Panama, Panama (0859'N, 
7933'W, Geonet) 
Philander opossum (2 mi N of Albrook Field) 
Alcoche; La Paz, Bolivia (1542'S, 6740'W, 
Paynter, 1992) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Micoureus regina, 424 m 
Monodelphis brevicaudata, 424 m 
Alem Paraiba; Minas Gerais, Brazil (2152'S, 
4241'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis aurita, 140 m (2145'S, 4232'W) 
Marmosops incanus, 140 m (left bank Rio Pa- 
raiba) 
Philander frenata 
Alfarcito, 15 km NE of Maimara, 9.7 km E of 
Tilcara; Jujuy, Argentina (2335'S, 6521'W, 
Geonet) 
Thylamys pallidior, 2600 m 
Alfenas; Minas Gerais, Brazil (2126'S, 4557'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis aurita, 843 m 
Alguacil; Caja Seca, Zulia, Venezuela (0909'N, 
7104'W, Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Philander opossum 
Alluriquin (see Puente de Ayuriquin); Pichincha, 

Ecuador 
Almirante; Bocas del Toro, Panama (0918'N, 
8224'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Philander opossum 
Almoxarifado, Parque Nacional do Itatiaia; Rio de 
Janeiro-Minas Gerais, Brazil (Parque 
2220'S, 4435'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys philander 
Aloag, 11 km W; Pichincha, Ecuador (0028'S, 
7835'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Caenolestes convelatus, 2960 m 
Alrededores de Caicara del Orinoco, Orinoco Me- 
dio; Bolivar, Venezuela (737'N, 6510'W, 
Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Micoureus demerarae, 50 m 
Alta Florida, Caracas; Distrito Federal, Venezuela 
(Caracas = 1030'N, 6655'W, Perez-Hernan- 
dez, 1989) 
Didelphis marsupialis, ca. 980 m 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



177 






Altamira, right bank Rio Jurua: Amazonas 
(0635'S, 6854'W. Patton et al., 2000) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosa murina 
Marmosops neblina 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Micoureus demerarae 
Philander mcilhennyi 
Altamira. opposite, left bank Rio Jurua: Amazon- 
as. Brazil (0635'S. 6856'W, Patton et al.. 
2000) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Marmosops neblina 
Micoureus regina 
Altamira: Barinas. Venezuela (0850'N. 7031'W, 
Paynter. 1982) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 794 m 
Marmosa robinsoni, 611 m. 697 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Monodelphis palliolata, 697-794 m 
Altamira, 35 km above Manu: Madre de Dios. 
Peru (1213'S. 7055'W. Stephens and Tray- 
lor. 1983) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 400 m 
Micoureus regina 
Altamira; Para. Brazil (0312'S. 5212'W. Paynter 
and Traylor. 1991) 
Caluromys philander (left bank Rio Xingu) 
Didelphis marsupialis left bank Rio Xingu 
Marmosops parvidens (52 km SSW. E bank Rio 

Xingu) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus (W bank Rio Xingu) 
Micoureus demerarae (52 km SSW. E bank Rio 

Xingu) 
Philander opossum (E and W bank Rio Xingu) 
Alto Beni: Beni. Bolivia (not located) 

Philander opossum 
Alto Bonito: Antioquia, Colombia (ca. 0705'N. 
7630'W, Paynter. 1997) 
Philander opossum. 1500 ft (= 460 m) (upper 
Rio Sucio, W slope Cordillera Occidental) 
Alto da Serra: Sao Paulo. Brazil (2347'S, 
4619'W. Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Philander frenata, 800 m. 1375 m 
Alto de Galapagos: Valle del Cauca-Choco. Co- 
lombia (0453'N. 7613'W. Patterson and Al- 
buja. 1996) 
Caenolestes convelatus 
Alto No Leon (see No Leon); Distrito Federal. 

Venezuela 
Alto Parana, southeastern Mato Grosso do Sul/ 
Parana; Brazil (2305'S. 5222'W. Paynter 
and Traylor. 1991) 



Didelphis albiventris 
Alto Parana: Sao Paulo. Brazil (not located) 

Didelphis albiventris 
Alto Parnahyba (see Alto Rio Parnaiba); Maran- 

ahao. Brazil 
Alto Pencoso: San Luis, Argentina (3326'S, 
6656'W. Geonet) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Alto Rio Anchicaya (see Rio Anchicaya. alto); 

Valle del Cauca, Colombia 
Alto Rio Atacavi, Campamento 2; Amazonas, Ve- 
nezuela (0305'N. 6654'W, Perez-Hernan- 
dez. 1989) 
Didelphis albiventris, 140 m 
Alto Rio Bermejo: Salta, Argentina (2652'S, 
5823'W. Paynter. 1985) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Alto Rio Madidi. Rio Itenez; La Paz, Bolivia 
(1353'S. 6846'W. Anderson, 1997) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Mannosops noctivagus 
Alto Rio Parnaiba (= Alto Parnahyba); Marana- 
hao. Brazil (0646'S, 4300'W, Hershkovitz, 
1992) 
Gracilinanus agilis, 400-600 m 
Alto Rio Urucu (= Rio Urucu); Amazonas, Brazil 
(0451'S. 6516'W. Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Micoureus demerarae 
Philander mcilhennyi 
Altos. 20 km N; La Cordillera. Paraguay 
(2514'S. 5714'W. USBGN) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Altos de Pipe. Instituto Venezolano de Investiga- 
ciones Cientificas (IVIC): Miranda. Venezue- 
la (1021'N. 6702'W. Perez-Hernandez, 
1989) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Mannosops fuscatus 
Altura de Yuto; Jujuy. Argentina (Yuto = 
2338'S. 6428'W. Paynter, 1985) 
Micoureus constantiae, 500 m 
Alvarenga (see Fazenda da Floresta); Minas Ger- 

ais. Brazil 
Alvaro Obregon (= Frontera): Tabasco, Mexico 
(1835'N. 9239'W. Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 10 ft (= 3 m) 
Philander opossum, 3 m 
Amaicha del Valle. near: Tucuman. Argentina 
(2636'S. 6555'W. Flores et al., 2000) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Amarim Igarape (see Igarape Amorin): Para. Bra- 
zil 



178 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Amaybamba; Cusco, Peru (1304'S, 7208'W, Pat- 
ton, pers. comm.) 
Marmosops impavidus, 2000 m, 2200 m (2 km 
NE and 3 km E of Amaybamba, Lucumayo 
valley) 
Marmosops noctivagus 
Amazonica (formerly Putumayo); southern Co- 
lombia on Eucador-Peru border; Colombia 
(no specific locality) 
Glironia venusta 
Ambo; Huanuco, Peru (1007'S, 7610'W, Geo- 
net) 
Didelphis albiventris, 6700 ft (= 2090 m) 
Americana; Sao Paulo, Brazil (2244'S, 4720'W, 
Geonet) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Amolac; Puebla, Mexico (1803'N, 9823'W, 
Geonet) 
Marmosa canescens 
Anandabaru (= Anundabaru); Potaro-Suparuni, 
Guyana (Anandabaru Mountains = 0459'N, 
5944'W, Geonet) 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Ananindeua, E.E Braganca; Para, Brazil (0122'S, 
4823'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Philander opossum 
Anapolis (= Annapolis); Goias, Brazil (1620'S, 
4858'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis albiventris, 1000 m, 1010 m 
Philander frenata, 1000 m 
Ancon; Panama, Panama (0857'N, 7933'W, 
Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Ancon; Guayas, Ecuador (0220'S, 8052'W, 
Paynter, 1993) 
Didelphis marsupialis, m 
Andalgala; Catamarca, Argentina (2736'S, 
6620'W, Mares et al., 1997) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Thylamys pallidior 
Andalgala, Highway E of, at junctions of High- 
way 62 and Highway 1; Catamarca, Argen- 
tina (2736'S, 6615'W, Flores et al., 2000) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Andalgala, N of, Rio Andalgala; Catamarca, Ar- 
gentina (2734'S, 6616'W, Flores et al., 
2000) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Andalucia; Huila, Colombia (0154'N, 7540'W, 
Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 600-990 m, 7000 ft ( = 
2180 m) 
Andarahy (see Macaco Secco); Bahia, Brazil 
Angaba (see Cuiaba); Mato Grosso, Brazil 



Angol; Araucania, Chile (3748'S, 7243'W, Geo- 
net) 
Dromiciops gliroides, 537 m, 685 m, 1110 m, 

1 170 m (N and W of Angol) 
Thylamys elegans, 72 m 
Angosto del Rio Pescado; Salta, Argentina 
(2233'S, 6432'W, Flores et al., 2000) 
Thylamys venustus 
Angostura; San Jose, Costa Rica (0917'N, 
8341'W, Geonet) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Angra dos Reis; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (2300'S, 
4418'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata, 2 m 
Marmosops incanus, sea level 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Micoureus demerarae, 2 m 
Annandale; Grenada (1205'N, 6143'W, Geonet) 

Marmosa robinsoni 
Annapolis (see Anapolis); Goias, Brazil 
Anundabaru (see Anandabaru); Potaro-Siparuni, 

Guyana 
Antillanca Ski Area ('= Centro de Ski), 98 km E 
of Osorno, Parque Nacional Puyehue; Los 
Lagos, Chile (4045'S, 7209'W, Albuja and 
Patterson, 1996, Geonet) 
Dromiciops gliroides, 780 m, 970 m 
Rhyncholestes raphanurus, 690-820 m 
Antisanilla; Pichincha, Ecuador (0023'S, 
7817'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus, 11500 ft (= 3590 m) 
Anzoategui; Lara, Venezuela (0936'N, 6954'W, 
Paynter, 1982) 
Marmosa robinsoni, ca. 1500 m 
Apayacu; Loreto, Peru (0319'S, 7207'W, Ste- 
phens and Traylor, 1983) 
Philander opossum 
Apazote; Campeche, Mexico (1854'N, 9020'W, 
Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Apia, Rio Apia, Rio Cauca Valley; Risaralda, Co- 
lombia (0505'N, 7556'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus, 5000 ft (= 1560 m) 
Apolo; La Paz, Bolivia (1446'S, 6827'W, Payn- 
ter, 1992) 
Chironectes minimus, 1436 m 
Micoureus regina 
Arabopo (= Arabupii), 8 mi SE of Cerro Roraima; 
Bolivar, Venezuela (0506'N, 6044'W, Payn- 
ter, 1982) 
Didelphis albiventris, 4200 ft (= 1300 m) 
Marmosa murina 

Micoureus demerarae, 4200 ft (= 1300 m) 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



179 



Arabupu (see Arabopo); Bolivar, Venezuela 
Aracruz, Santa Cruz; Espfrito Santo, Brazil 
(1956'S, 4009'W, Paynter and Traylor, 
1991) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Aracruz Forestal, Aracruz; Espirito Santo, Brazil 
(1947'S, 4007'W, Mustrangi and Patton, 
1997) 
Marmosops incanus, 50 m 
Aragarcas; Goias, Brazil (1555'S, 5215'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Philander frenata (gallery forest) 
Araguari; Minas Gerais, Brazil (1838'S, 
4808'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis albiventris, 929 m 
Araponga; Minas Gerais, Brazil (2040'S, 
4232'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis aurita, 1060-1212 m 
Araraquara; Sao Paulo, Brazil (2147'S, 4810'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Ararangua; Santa Catarina, Brazil, (2856'S, 
4929'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Gracilinanus microtarsus, 13 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Monodelphis iheringi 
Arataye (see Arataye Crique); French Guiana 
Arataye Crique (= Arataye Riviere = Riviere Ar- 
ataye); French Guiana (0359'N, 5234'W, 
USBGN) 
Marmosa murina 

Marmosops parvidens (right bank) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Arataye Riviere, French Guiana (see Arataye 

Crique); French Guiana 
Arboledas, W of Ciicuta; Norte de Santander, Co- 
lombia (0740'N, 7245'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Arenal; Jujuy, Argentina (2420'S, 6421'W, 
Paynter, 1985) 
Didelphis albiventris, 1000 m 
Arequipa; Arequipa, Peru (1623'S, 7132'W, 
Geonet) 
Thylamys pallidior, 10600 ft (= 3300 m) (18 
km E of Arequipa) 
Arima; Arima, Trinidad and Tobago (1038'N, 
6117'W, Geonet) 
Marmosa robinsoni (Arima Valley) 
Marmosops fuscatus 
Aripo Valley; St. George, Trinidad and Tobago 
(Aripo River = 1035'N, 6114'W, Geonet) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Aripuana (= Nucleo Pionefro Humboldt); Mato 



Grosso, Brazil (0910'S, 6038'W, Paynter 
and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis marsupialis 

Marmosops noctivagus, 200 m (right bank, trib- 
utary of Rio Madeira) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Ariruma, 7 km SE; Santa Cruz, Bolivia (1824'S, 
6419'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Thylamys venustus 
Aristobulo de Valle, 19 km W on Rio Cunapirus; 
Misiones, Argentina (2707'S, 5455'W, 
Paynter, 1985) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Aritagua Urucutuca; Bahia, Brazil (1443'S, 
3906'W, Geonet) 
Micoureus demerarae 
Armacao do Sul; Santa Catarina, Brazil, (2721'S, 
4834'W, USBGN) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Armila; Quebrada Venado; San Bias, Panama 
(0840'N, 7728'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Chironectes minimus 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Arraijan; Panama, Panama (0857'N, 7939'W, 
Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Arroyo Bopicua (see Bopicua); Rio Negro, Uru- 
guay 
Arroyo Brusquitas, General Pueyrredon; Buenos 
Aires, Argentina (3815'S, 5746'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Monodelphis dimidiata 
Arroyo Chapadmalal, 28 km SW of Mar del Plata; 
Buenos Aires, Argentina (3803'S, 5742'W, 
USBGN) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Arroyo Chocori; Buenos Aires, Argentina 
(3824'S, 5807'W, USBGN) 
Monodelphis dimidiata 
Arroyo Corrientes; Buenos Aires, Argentina (ca. 
3810'S, 5715'W, Reig, 1964) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Arroyo de la Mina (see Paso Duraznero); Rio 

Grande do Sul, Brazil 
Arroyo de las Terras Coloradas, Lago Huechul- 
faquen, near Cerro del Chico; Neuquen, Ar- 
gentina (Lago Huechulfaquen = 3946'S, 
7128'W, USBGN) 
Dromiciops gliroides, 950 m 
Arroyo de Los Noquez, Parque Nacional El Rey; 



180 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Salta, Argentina (Los Noquez = 2444'S, 
6433'W, USBGN) 
Thylamys venustus 
Arroyo El Pescado; Buenos Aires, Argentina 
(3454'S, 5747'W, USBGN) 
Monodelphis dimidiata 
Arroyo Garupa; Misiones, Argentina (2727'S, 
5548'W, USBGN) 
Chironectes minimus 
Arroyo La Horqueta; Jujuy, Argentina (2407'S, 
6527'W, Flores et al., 2000) 
Thylamys venustus, 2100 m 
Arroyo La Matanza; Buenos Aires, Argentina (not 
located, may be Rio Matanza at 3442'S, 
5828'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Arroyo Las Brujas; Canelones, Uruguay (ca. 
3438'S, 5620'W, Paynter, 1994) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Arroyo Nacurutu (= Zarate, Arroyo Nacurutu); 
Buenos Aires, Argentina (3404'S, 5902'W, 
Geonet) 
Gracilinanus agilis 
Arroyo Negro, 15 km S of Paysandu; Rio Negro, 
Uruguay (Paysandu = 3219'S, 5808'W, 
Paynter, 1994) 
Didelphis albiventris, 48 m 
Arroyo Pereyra; Buenos Aires, Argentina 
(3451'S, 5808'W, USBGN) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Arroyo Piray Guazii; Misiones, Argentina (Puerto 
Piray = 2627'S, 5442'W, USBGN) 
Chironectes minimus 
Arroyo Pirayii-i (= Pirayii-hi); Itapua, Paraguay 
(2651'S, 5514'W, Geonet) 
Chironectes minimus 
Arroyo Polanco, 52 km N of Minas; Lavalleja, 
Uruguay (3353'S, 5503'W, Geonet) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Arroyo Santelmita (see Parque Nacional Baritii); 

Salta, Argentina 
Arroyo Tacuara, Cerro Azul; Misiones, Argentina 
(Cerro Azul = 2738'S, 5529'W, Paynter, 
1985) 
Chironectes minimus, ca. 200 m 
Arroyo Yuto; Jujuy, Argentina (2340'S, 6437'W, 
Flores et al., 2000) 
Thylamys venustus 
Arroyo Vina (brazo del Arroyo Garupa); Mi- 
siones, Argentina (Arroyo Garupa = 2727'S, 
5548'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Micoureus demerarae 



Arroyo Zaiman; Misiones, Argentina (2727'S, 
5554'W, Geonet) 
Monodelphis dimidiata 
Arruda, 4 km NE of San Joaquin; Beni, Bolivia 
(San Joaquin = 1304'S, 6449'W, Hershko- 
vitz, 1997) 
Philander opossum 
Arumateua (= Arumatheua); Para, Brazil 
(0354'S, 4941'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Philander opossum (left bank Rio Tocantins) 
Arumatheua (see Arumateua); Para, Brazil 
Aruma Valley; Trinidad and Tobago (not located, 
possibly Arima, stream at 1035'N, 6116'W, 
Geonet) 
Caluromys philander 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Ascencion, 6 km W; Santa Cruz, Bolivia (1543'S, 
6309'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Marmosops dorothea 
Philander opossum 
Ascencion de Guarayos; Santa Cruz, Bolivia 
(1457'S, 6124'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Philander opossum 
Aserradero del Infernillo, 1 1 km W of Gomez 
Farias; Tamaulipas, Mexico (Gomez Farias = 
2303'N, 9909'W, Geonet) 
Marmosa mexicana, 1300 m 
Aserradero Moisa, 7 km E; Santa Cruz, Bolivia 
(1433'S, 6108'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Philander opossum 
Aserradero Monte de San Pablo; Beni, Bolivia 
(1305'S, 6453'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Astillero; Alta Verapaz, Guatemala (1546'N, 
8934'W, Geonet) 
Philander opossum, 25 ft (= 7 m) 
Astillero; La Paz, Bolivia (1616'S, 6733'W, An- 
derson, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Astillero; Santa Rosa, Guatemala (1351'N, 
9021'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 25 ft (= 7 m) 
Asuncion; Central, Paraguay (2516'S, 5740'W, 
Paynter, 1989) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Chironectes minimus, 11 m 
Didelphis albiventris, 200 m 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Philander opossum 
Thylamys pusilla, 11 m 
Auara Igarape; Amazonas, Brazil (0422'S, 
5843'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Philander opossum 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



181 



Auca, on road to Nanegal; Pichincha, Ecuador 
(Nanegal = 0007'S, 7846'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Aurare (see Rio Anaure); Zulia, Venezuela 
Auyan-tepui (= Cerro Auyan-tepui); Bolivar, Ve- 
nezuela (0555'N, 6232'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Didelphis albiventris, 1 100 m, 1850 m, 2500 m 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosa tyleriana, 1850 m 
Marmosops pinheroi, 460 m, 1100 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 1500-3500 ft ( = 

460-1000 m) 
Micoureus demerarae, 460 m, 1 100 m, 1850 m 
Monodelphis brevicaudata, 2560 m (see also 
Rancho Grande, Auyan-tepui) 
Avanavero Falls (see Avanavero Vallen); Sipali- 

wini, Suriname 
Avanavero Vallen (= Avanavero Falls), Kabalebo 
River; Sipaliwini, Suriname (0449'N. 
5724'W, Geonet) 
Mondelphis brevicaudata 
Philander opossum 
Avanhandava, Lajeado: Sao Paulo, Brazil 
(2057'S, 4846'W, Hershkovitz. 1997) 
Philander frenata 
Avispero, Valle de Suaza. near Rio Suaza: Huila. 
Colombia (Rio Suaza = 0210'N. 7441'W, 
USBGN, 1964) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Axtla; San Luis Potosi, Mexico (2128'N, 
9851'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Ayacucho; Ayacucho, Peru (1309'S, 7413'W, 
Geonet) 
Didelphis albiventris, 2746 m 
Ayacucho, Ibanez; Santa Cruz, Bolivia (1751'S. 
6320'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Marmosops dorothea 
Philander opossum, 500 m 
Ayapua (see Aipua); Amazonas, Brazil 
Ayolas; Misiones, Paraguay (2724'S, 5654'W, 
Paynter, 1989) 
Didelphis albiventris (5 km ENE of Ayolas) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Azul, 4 km NE; Buenos Aires, Argentina 
(3647'S, 5951'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Didelphis albiventris, 137 m 
Azul Benson Farm; Buenos Aires, Argentina (not 
located) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Azunta (see Casa Morava); Beni, Bolivia 

B 

Bacabena, 23 km SW of Belem (see Belem); Para, 
Brazil 



Bacaetava (see Ipanema); Sao Paulo, Brazil 
Baeza; Napo, Ecuador (0027'S, 7753'W, Payn- 
ter, 1993) 
Marmosa murina, 5000 ft (= 1560 m) (below 

Baeza) 
Marmosa robinsoni, 1525 m 
Marmosops impavidus, 1525 m 
Bagado. Rio Andagueda; Chocd, Colombia 
(0525'N, 7624'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Chironectes minimus 
Didelphis marsupialis, 650 ft (= 200 m) 
Philander opossum 
Bagua (= Bagua Chica); Amazonas, Peru 
(0538'S, 7831'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys lanatus, 1350 ft (= 420 m) 
Bagua Chica (see Bagua); Amazonas, Peru 
Bahia (= Salvador); Bahia, Brazil (1259'S, 
3831'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Philander frenata 
Bahia de Asuncion; Central, Paraguay (2516'S, 
5737'W, Geonet) 
Chironectes minimus 
Lutreolina crassicaudata, 11 m 
Philander opossum 
Bahia de Caraquez. Rio Briseno [Briceno]; Man- 
abi, Ecuador (0036'S, 8025'W, Paynter, 
1993) 
Didelphis marsupialis, sea level 
Marmosa robinsoni, sea level (on Rio Briceno) 
Bahia de Cata; Aragua, Venezuela (ca. 1028'N, 
6744'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Didelphis marsupialis, sea level 
Bahia de los Casara; Beni, Bolivia (1313'S, 
6221'W. Anderson, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Bahfa de Patanemo; Carabobo, Venezuela 
(1026'N, 6800'W, Perez-Hernandez. 1989) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 10 m 
Monodelphis palliolata, 10 m 
Bahia de Todos Santos (see Reconcavo); Bahia, 

Brazil 

Bahia Honda (= Honda Bay); La Guajira, Colom- 
bia (1221'N, 7147'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Baia de Guanabara (see Guanabara); Rio de Ja- 
neiro. Brazil 
Baiao. Rio Tocantins; Para. Brazil (0241'S, 
4941'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 25 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Philander opossum (right bank Rio Tocantins) 
Baking Pot; Cayo, Belize (1712'N, 8901'W, 
Geonet) 



182 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Caluromys derbianus 
Balancan; Tabasco, Mexico (1748'N, 9132'W, 
Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Philander frenata 
Balboa; Panama, Panama (0857'N, 7934'W, 
Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Philander opossum 
Balcarce (= "Hill Plot"); Buenos Aires, Argen- 
tina (3750'S, 5815'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Monodelphis dimidiata, 100 m, 108 m 
Balisa; Mato Grosso, Brazil (1615'S, 5226'W, 
Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Philander opossum (gallery forest) 
Baliza Caviu, 12.5 km SSW of Mar del Plata (see 
Mar del Plata [Cuidad]); Buenos Aires, Ar- 
gentina 
Baliza San Andres; Buenos Aires, Argentina (ca. 
3815'S, 5735'W, Reig, 1964) 
Monodelphis dimidiata 
Balta, Rio Curanja; Ucayali, Peru (1006'S, 
7114'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys lanatus, 300 m 
Chironectes minimus, 300 m 
Didelphis marsupialis, 300 m 
Marmosa murina, 300 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 300 m 
Philander mcilhennyi, 300 m 
Philander opossum, 300 m 
Balzapamba; Bolivar, Ecuador (0147'S, 7913'W, 
Paynter, 1993) 
Caluromys derbianus, 700 m 
Balzar; Guayas, Ecuador (0122'S, 7954'W, 
Paynter, 1993) 
Marmosa robinsoni, 100 m 
Balzar Mountains (see Montanas de Balzar); 

Manabi, Ecuador 
Bambito; Chiriqui, Panama (0850'N, 8237'W, 
Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Bambui; Minas Gerais, Brazil (2001'S, 4558'W, 
Geonet) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Bafiada Tropa Vieja, ca. 35 km NE of Montevi- 
deo; Canelones, Uruguay (3447'S, 5552'W, 
Paynter, 1994) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Bafiado de Carrasco; Canelones, Uruguay 
(3450'S, 5603'W, Paynter, 1994) 
Didelphis albiventris, 100 m 
Lutreolina crassicaudata, 100 m 
Banado de San Jorge, Parque Pereyra Iraola; 



Buenos Aires, Argentina (Parque Pereyra Ir- 
aola = 3451'S, 5804'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata, ca. 20 m 
Banagena; Sao Paulo, Brazil (not located) 

Philander opossum 
Banco da Vitoria, Pirataquisse, Ilheus; Bahia, Bra- 
zil (Ilheus = 1449'S, 3902'W, Paynter and 
Traylor, 1991) 
Micoureus demerarae, sea level 
Banda Oriente (= Uruguay); Uruguay (no specific 
locality) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Banos, Oriente; Tunguarahua, Ecuador (0124'S, 
7824'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Didelphis albiventris, 4000 ft (= 1250 m) (Pal- 
mera, E of Banos), 5800 ft (= 1800 m) 
Banos Rio Blanco; Araucania, Chile (3834'S, 
7134'W, Geonet) 
Dromiciops gliroides, 980 m 
Baramita; Barima-Waina, Guyana (0721'N, 
6029'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Barao de Cocais; Minas Gerais, Brazil (1956'S, 
4326'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis aurita 
Barbacoas; Narino, Colombia (0141'N, 7809'W, 
Paynter, 1997) 
Chironectes minimus 
Didelphis marsupialis, 36 m 
Barcarena, 23 km SW of Belem; Para, Brazil 
(0130'S, 4840'W, Paynter and Traylor, 
1991) 
Chironectes minimus 
Barcena; Jujuy, Argentina (2357'S, 6530'W, 
Flores et al., 2000) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Thylamys venustus 
Barinitas, Rio Barragan; Barinas, Venezuela 
(0840'N, 7025'W, Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Marmosa robinsoni, 400 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 440 m 
Monodelphis palliolata, 440 m (also at 3 km 
SW of Barinitas) 
Barra (see Manaus); Amazonas, Brazil 
Barra de Marica; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (2256'S, 
4250'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis aurita 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Ph i lander frenata 
Barra de Santiago; Ahuachapan, El Salvador 
(1341'N, 9000'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Philander opossum 
Barra do Corda, Rio Mearim; Maranhao, Brazil 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



183 



(0530'S, 4215'W, Paynter and Traylor, 
1991) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Barra do Garcas; Mato Grosso, Brazil (1553'S, 
5215'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Philander opossum (gallery forest) 
Barra do Rio Negro (see Manaus); Amazonas, 

Brazil 
Barra do Rio Paraopeba; Minas Gerais, Brazil 
(1850'S, 4511'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Barra Longa; Minas Gerais, Brazil (2017'S, 
4303'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis aurita 
Barrancas del Rio Primero, left bank (lower Pla- 
tense); Cordoba, Argentina (Ciudad Rio Pri- 
mero = 3120'S, 6337'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Didelphis alhiventris 
Barranquilla; Atlantico, Colombia (1059'N, 
7448'W, Geonet) 
Marmosa robinsoni, ca. 100 m 
Barranquita, 10 km SW of San Joaquin; Beni, Bo- 
livia (1313'S, 6448'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Philander opossum 
Barreira, Serra dos Orgaos; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 
(2230'S, 4256'W, Paynter and Traylor, 
1991) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Philander frenata (2256'S, 4256'W) 
Barro Alto Rio Sao Francisco; Minas Gerais, Bra- 
zil (not located) 
Monodelphis domestica 
Barro Blanco; Antioquia, Colombia (ca. 0615'N, 
7523'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 2160 m 
Barro Branco; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (2223'S, 
4430'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Philander frenata 
Barro Colorado (= Isla Barro Colorado = Barro 
Colorado Island); Colon/Panama, Panama 
(0919'N, 7950'-7956'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Chironectes minimus 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Philander opossum 
Barro Colorado Island (see Barro Colorado); Co- 
lon/Panama, Panama 
Barro Vermelho, left bank Rio Jurua; Amazonas, 
Brazil (0628'S, 6846'W, Mustrangi and Pat- 
ton, 1997) 
Caluromys lanatus 



Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosa murina 
Marmosops impavidus 
Marmosops parvidens 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Micoureus demerarae 
Micoureus regina 
Bartica Grove; Cuyuni-Mazaruni, Guyana 
(0624'N, 5837'W, Geonet and Times Atlas, 
1992) 
Marmosa murina 
Micoureus demerarae 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Baruta; Miranda, Venezuela (1022'N, 6645'W, 
Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Caluromys philander, ca. 1 000 m 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Monodelphis palliolata 
Base de Carmo (see Fazenda Intervales); Sao Pau- 
lo, Brazil 
Base Camp (see Cerro de La Neblina); Amazonas, 

Venezuela 
Base Camp La Neblina (see Campamento); Ama- 
zonas, Venezuela 
Basilio (= Cordillera Basilio); Santa Cruz, Boliv- 
ia (1808'S, 6312'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Monodelphis domestica 
Philander opossum 
"Batan," on Zapalache-Carmen Trail; Piura, Peru 
(Zapalache = 0509'S, 7927'W, Stephens 
and Traylor, 1983) 
Caenolestes caniventer, 2250 m 
Caenolestes fuliginosus, 2250 m 
Didelphis marsupialis, 2250 m 
Bauru; Sao Paulo, Brazil (2219'S, 4904'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata, 499 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Micoureus demerarae, 499 m 
Monodelphis americana 
Beatriz, Nahuel Huapf (also see Parque Nacional 
Nahuel Huapi); Neuquen, Argentina 
(4051'S, 7139'W, USBGN) 
Dromiciops gliroides, 800 m 
Bejuquero, N of Zea; Merida, Venezuela 
(0823'N, 7147'W, Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 500 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 500 m 
Monodelphis palliolata, 500 m (15 km N of 

Tovar) 
Philander opossum, 500 m 
Bela Vista de Minas; Minas Gerais, Brazil 
(1952'S, 4305'W, Varejao and Valle, 1982) 



184 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Didelphis aurita 
Belem (= Belem de Para = Instituto Agronomico 
do Norte = Ipeau-Apez = Murucutu = Para 
= Utinga); Para, Brazil (0127'S, 4829'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Caluromys philander, 10 m 
Chironectes minimus, 10 m (Bacabena, 23 km 

SW of Belem) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 10 m 
Gracilinanus emiliae, m 
Marmosa murina, 10 m 
Marmosa parvidens 
Marmosops pinheiroi, 1 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Micoureus demerarae, 10 m 
Monodelphis americana, 10 m (near Belem) 
Philander opossum (Sapucajuba, suburb of Be- 
lem; Marco, suburb of Belem; Utinga, suburb 
of Belem) 
Belem de Para (see Belem); Para, Brazil 
Belem Virus Laboratory (see Macapa); Amapa, 

Brazil and Para, Brazil 
Belen; Catamarca, Argentina (2739'S, 6702'W, 
Mares et al., 1997) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Belen; Tarapaca, Chile (1829'S, 6931'W, Geo- 
net) 
Thylamys elegans, 10500 ft (= 3280 m) 
Belen, Rio Cunucunuma; Amazonas, Venezuela 
(0343'-0337'N, 6553'-6546'W, Handley, 
1976) 
Caluromys lanatus, 150 m 
Caluromys philander, 150 m 
Didelphis marsupialis, 150 m 
Marmosa murina, 150 m 
Micoureus demerarae, 150 m 
Philander andersoni, 150 m 
Belen del Dragon, 6 km NNW; Artigas, Uruguay 
(Artigas = 3024'S, 5628'W, Paynter, 1994) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Belgica, Valle de Suaza; Huila, Colombia (Rio 
Suaza = 0302'N, 7441'W, USBGN) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Belgrano; Buenos Aires, Argentina (3434'S, 
5828'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata, sea level 
Belize City; Belize (1729'N, 8811'W, Geonet) 

Philander opossum 
Bella Imperatriz (see Parintins); Amazonas, Brazil 
Bella Vista; Amazonas, Peru (0530'S, 7840'W, 
Hershkovitz, 1992) 
Gracilinanus agilis, 300 m (right bank Rio Ma- 
rafion) 



Bella Vista; Pando, Bolivia (1123'S, 6712'W, 
Anderson, 1997) 
Philander opossum 
Bellavista, upper Rio Porce, Cordillera Central; 
Antioquia, Colombia (0633'N, 7518'W, 
Paynter, 1997) 
Philander opossum, 1 200 m 
Belo Horizonte; Minas Gerais, Brazil (1955'S, 
4356'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis albiventris, 835 m 
Bemberg (see Puerto Libertad); Misiones, Argen- 
tina 
Bemfica (see Benfica); Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 
Benavides (see Benevides); Para, Brazil 
Benevides ( = Benavides); Para, Brazil (0122'S, 
4815'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Monodelphis americana, 30 m 
Benfica (= Bemfica); Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 
(2225'S, 4438'W, Paynter and Traylor, 
1991) 
Philander frenata, 2000 ft (= 625 m) (Serra de 
Itatiaia) (Hershkovitz [1997] used Holt's co- 
ordinates of 2141'S, 4326'W, in Minas Ger- 
ais, but Paynter and Traylor [1991] place this 
locality in Rio de Janeiro) 
Berg En Dal [Bergendal]; Brokopondo, Suriname 
(0509'N, 5504'W, Geonet) 
Marmosa murina 
Bermalcue; Chaco, Paraguay (not located) 

Thylamys pusilla 
Bermejo (= Vermejo); Santa Cruz, Bolivia (ca. 
1810'S, 6336'W, Paynter, 1992) 
Thylamys venustus, 400 m 
Bestion; Azuay, Ecuador (0330'S, 7913'W, 
Hershkovitz files) 
Didelphis albiventris, 3075 m 
Betania; Tachira, Venezuela (0727'N, 7226'W, 
Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Didelphis albiventris, 2250 m 
Gracilinanus dryas, 2250 m 
Marmosops impavidus, 2250 m 
Better Hope; West Pomeroon-Supenaam Coast, 
Guyana (0723'N, 5831'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Philander opossum 
Biagi Santi (see Bigisanti); Marowijne, Suriname 
Bigi Poika; Saramacca, Suriname (0525'N, 
5530'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Philander opossum 
Bigisanti (= Biagi Santi), Wia-Wia Nature Re- 
serve; Marowijne, Suriname (ca. 0555'N, 
5430'W, Stephens and Traylor, 1985) 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



185 



Didelphis marsupialis 
Bijagua (= Vijagua); Boaco, Nicaragua (1235'N, 
8513'W, USBGN) 
Marmosa mexicana 
Biological Reserve at Horco Molle (see Horco 

Molle); Tucuman. Argentina 
Biological Station "Pithecia"; Loreto, Peru 
(0510'S, 7430'W, Hershkovitz. 1983) 
Caluromys lanatus, 150 m 
Didelphis marsupialis, 150 m 
Birongo (see Rio Birongo); Miranda. Venezuela 
Bisira; Bocas del Toro, Panama (0854'N. 
8152'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Bitagron. right bank Coppename River: Sipali- 
wini. Suriname (0510'N, 5606'W, Geonet) 
Marmosa murina 
Bledos; San Luis Potosi, Mexico (2151'N, 
10107'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Bluefields; Zelaya, Nicaragua (12WN. 8345'W, 
Geonet) 
Marmosa mexicana 
Mieoureus alstoni, ca. sea level (1220'N. 

8350'W) 
Philander opossum (1220'N. 8350'W) 
Blumenau; Santa Catarina, Brazil, (2656'S. 
4903'W. Paynter and Traylor. 1991) 
Chironectes minimus, 14 m (near Blumenau) 
Gracilinanus microtarsus, 14 m. 22 m 
Boaco; Boaco, Nicaragua (1228'N. 8540'W. 
Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus (near Santa Rosa) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 300 m 
Boa Esperanca. right bank Rio Jurua; Amazonas. 
Brazil (0632'S, 6855'W. Patton et al 2000) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Mieoureus demerarae 
Mieoureus regina 
Boa Esperanca. Serra de Caparao; Minas Gerais, 
Brazil (2010'S, 4146'W. Hershkovitz. 1997) 
Philander frenata, 3000 ft (= 930 m) 
Boa Vista, Pocao, right bank Rio Branco: Rorai- 
ma. Brazil (0249'N, 6040'W, Paynter and 
Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 55 m 
Philander opossum 
Boa Vista. Rio Ipiranga: Sao Paulo. Brazil 
(2422'S, 4738'W, Paynter and Traylor, 
1991) 
Gracilinanus microtarsus (2435'S, 4738'W) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Boa Vista, Teresopolis (see Teresopolis); Rio de 
Janeiro. Brazil 



Bobos; Izabal. Guatemala (1521'N, 8849'W, 
Geonet) 
Philander opossum 
Boca Colorado: Madre de Dios. Peru (1230'S, 
7040'W. Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Philander opossum, 279 m 
Boca de Lagarto Cocha, Rio Aguarico at conflu- 
ence of Rio Napo: Napo. Ecuador (0039'S. 
7516'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Glironia venusta, ca. 300 m 
Boca del Drago: Bocas del Toro. Panama 
(0925'N. 8220'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Philander opossum 
Boca del Rio; Veracruz-Llave, Mexico (1906'N, 
9606' W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 

Philander opossum, 10 ft (= 3 m) (E coast) 
Boca del Rio Tacuari; Trienta y Tres. Uruguay 
(3246'S. 5318'W. Paynter. 1994) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Boca de Rio Paya: Darien. Panama (0755'N, 
7731'W. Handley. 1966. Gardner. 1973) 
Chironectes minimus, 2000 ft (= 625 m) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Boca de Tigre Valley. 5 km NW of Caracas; Dis- 
trito Federal. Venezuela (1032'N, 6654'W, 
Handley. 1976) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1394 m 
Boca de Yaracuy; Yaracuy. Venezuela (1035'N, 
6815'W, Handley. 1976) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 2 m 
Monodelphis palliolata, 2 m 
Boca Mavaca. 84 km SSE of Esmeralda; Ama- 
zonas. Venezuela (0230'N. 6513'W, Han- 
dley. 1976) 
Caluromys lanatus, 138 m 
Caluromys philander, 138 m 
Didelphis albiventris, 138 m 
Didelphis marsupialis, 138 m 
Marmosa murina, 138 m 
Monodelphis brevicaudata, 138 m 
Bocatoma. near Lo Valdes; Santiago, Chile 
(3355'S, 7013'W, Geonet) 
Thylamys elegans 
Bocatorito, Isla San Cristobal; Bocas del Toro. 
Panama (0914'N, 8216'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Mieoureus alstoni 
Bodoco; Pernambuco. Brazil (0747'S, 3955'W. 
USBGN) 
Monodelphis domestica (Si'tio Belem. Si'tio 
Paus Preto. Si'tio Sao Goncalo) 



186 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Bogava (see Bugaba); Chiriqui, Panama 
Bogota (= Santafe de Bogota); Cundinamarca, 
Colombia (ca. 0436'N, 7405'W, Paynter, 
1997) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus 
Didelphis albivenths, 2590 m, 2600 m, 2620 

m, 2700 m 
Didelphis marsupialis, 2620 m 
Marmosa robinsoni, 2590 m 
Marmosops fuscatus, 2590 m 
Marmosops impavidus 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Micoureus alstoni, 2590 m 
Micoureus regina, 2590 m 
Bohio Peninsula; Colon, Panama (0912'N, 
7950'W, Geonet) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Philander opossum 
Boim; Para, Brazil (0249'S, 5510'W, Paynter 
and Traylor, 1991) 
Monodelphis emiliae, ca. 50 m 
Bom Conselho; Pernambuco, Brazil (0910'S, 
3641'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Bomfim (see Villa Nova); Bahia, Brazil 
Bom Jardin; Brazil (not located, many so named 
in many states) 
Philander frenata 
Bonanza; Zelaya, Nicaragua (1401'N, 8435'W, 
Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Philander opossum 
Bonasika, Essequibo River; Essequibo Islands- 
West Demerara, Guyana (0645'N, 5830'W, 
Geonet) 
Marmosa murina 
Bonda; Magdalena, Colombia (1 114'N, 7408'W, 
Paynter, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis, ca. 50 m 
Marmosa robinsoni, ca. 50 m, 150-250 ft ( = 
47-78 m) 
Bonfinopolis de Minas; Minas Gerais, Brazil 
(1632'S, 4600'W, Varejao-Valle, 1982) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Bonsucesso, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (2212'S, 
4244'W, Mustrangi and Patton, 1997) 
Marmosops paulensis, 1000 m 
Bopicua, Rio Uruguay; Rib Negro, Uruguay (ca. 
3306'S, 5801'W, Paynter, 1994) 
Gracilinanus agilis, ca. 10 m (also Arroyo 
Bopicua) 
Boqueron; Chiriqui, Panama (083<Q'N, 8235'W, 
Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 



Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosa mexicana 
Boqueron de San Francisco; Cundinamarca, Co- 
lombia (San Francisco = 0458'N, 7418'W, 
Paynter, 1997) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Gracilinanus dryas, 2250 m, 3000 m 
Boquete; Chiriqui, Panama (0847'N, 8226'W, 
Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosa robinsoni, 4000 ft (= 1250 m) 
Boraceia (see also Estacao Biologica de Bora- 
ceia); Sao Paulo, Brazil (ca. 2239'S, 
4554'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Chironectes minimus, 850 m 
Didelphis aurita, ca. 850 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Philander frenata (upper Rio Tiete, 2210'S, 
4845'W) 
Borba; Amazonas, Brazil (0424'S, 5935'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Caluromys philander (right bank Rio Madeira) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 25 m 
Boroica; Beni, Bolivia (1313'S, 6409'W, Ander- 
son, 1997) 
Philander opossum 
Boruca; Puntarenas, Costa Rica (0900'N, 
8319'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Marmosa mexicana, 1700 ft (= 530 m) 
Botanic Garden; Port-of-Spain, Trinidad and To- 
bago (1039'N, 6131'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys philander 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Botuvera; Santa Catarina, Brazil (2713'S, 
4905'W, Geonet) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Boundary Camp, Itabu Creek Head; Upper Tak- 
utu-Upper Esequibo, Guyana (ca. 0133'N, 
5810'W, Stephens and Traylor, 1985, and 
Times Atlas, 1992) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Boyuibe, 53 km E; Santa Cruz, Bolivia (2027'S, 
6250'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Micoureus constantiae 
Monodelphis domestica 
Thylamys pusilla 
Braganca; Para, Brazil (0103'S, 4646'W, Paynter 
and Traylor, 1991) 
Caluromys philander 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Brasilia; Distrito Federal, Brazil (1547'S, 
4755'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis albiventris, ca. 1 100 m 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



187 



Philander frenata (gallery forest) 
Brasilia, 20 km S; Distrito Federal. Brazil 
(1556'S, 4753'W, Mares et al., 1989) 
Gracilinanus agilis, 15-25 km S 
Monodelphis kunsi 
Brasilia, Fundacao Zoologica Botanico; Distrito 
Federal, Brazil (1547'S, 4755'W, Paynter 
andTraylor, 1991) 
Gracilinanus agilis, 1100 m 
Brazo Casiquiare (= Casiquiare Canal, Cerro Dui- 
da); Amazonas, Venezuela (0237'N, 
6619'W, Handley, 1976) 
Micoureus demerarae, up to 6200 ft (= 1930 

m) 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Brazo Largo, Delta del Parana, near: Entre Ribs. 
Argentina (3347'S, 5836'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Gracilinanus agilis, sea level 
Brickfield; Caroni. Trinidad and Tobago (1029'N, 
6128'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Brokopondo: Brokopondo, Suriname (0504'N, 
5458'W. Geonet) 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Brownsberg [Browns Berg]; Brokopondo, Suri- 
name (0453'N, 5512'W, Geonet) 
Monodelphis brevicaudata, 475 m 
Brownsberg [Browns Berg] Nature Park; Broko- 
pondo, Suriname (0455'N, 5512'W, Ste- 
phens and Traylor, 1985) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Bruja Point; Panama, Panama (0853'N, 7935'W, 
Geonet) 
Philander opossum 
Brumado; Minas Gerais, Brazil (2107'S. 
4418'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Gracilinanus agilis 
Brusque: Santa Catarina, Brazil (2706'S. 
4856'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Chironectes minimus, 21 m 
Bucay. Rio Chimbo; Guayas, Ecuador (0210'S. 
7906'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 298 m 
Philander opossum, 1000 ft (= 300 m) 
Buckhall; Essequibo Islands-West Demerara, 
Guyana (0656'N, 5833'W, Geonet) 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Philander opossum, 9 m (Essequibo River) 
Buena Hora; Beni, Bolivia (1134'S; 6512'W, 
Anderson. 1997) 
Philander opossum 
Buenaventura; Valle del Cauca, Colombia 
(0353'N, 7704'W, Paynter, 1997) 



Caluromys derbianus, sea level 
Didelphis marsupialis, 10 m, 150 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus (6 km N of Buena- 
ventura) 
Philander opossum, near sea level; 150 m (28 
km NE of Buenaventura) 
Buena Vista, near Bogota; Cundinamarca, Colom- 
bia (ca. 0420'N, 7340'W) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Buena Vista; Meta, Colombia (0410'N, 7341'W 
Paynter. 1997) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 1500 m 
Buena Vista [Buenavista]; Santa Cruz, Bolivia 
(1727'S, 6340'W, Paynter, 1992) 
Caluromys lanatus, 400 m 
Didelphis marsupialis, 125 m, ca. 400 m (Bue- 
na Vista, Ichilo) 
Gracilinanus agilis, ca. 400 m 
Marmosa lepida, ca. 400 m 
Marmosops dorothea, 400 m, 500 m (Buem 

Vista. Ichilo) 
Micoureus constantiae, 400 m (W bank Ric 

Yapacani) 
Philander opossum 
Thylamys venustus 
Buena Vista [Buenavista], near Paramo de Tama 
41 km SW of San Cristobal; Tachira, Vene- 
zuela (0727'N. 7226'W. Handley, 1976) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus, 2390-2400 m 
Didelphis albiventris, 1700 m, 2380-2390 m 
Gracilinanus dryas, 2405-2410 m (0754'N 

7159'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Marmosops impavidus, 2350-2430 m (near Pa- 
ramo de Tama) 
Buena Vista, near; Santa Cruz, Bolivia (1724'S 
6344'W, Anderson et al., 1993) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Buena Vista Peninsula, near Frijoles; Colon, Pan- 
ama (Frijoles = 0910'N, 7948'W, Geonet) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Philander opossum (1.75 km NNW of Frijoles' 
Buenos Aires; Buenos Aires, Argentina (3436'S 
5827'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Didelphis albiventris, sea level 
Buenos Aires Zoological Gardens; Buenos Aires 
Argentina (3436'S, 5827'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Buerarema (see Buerarema Ribeirao da Fortuna): 

Bahia. Brazil 
Buerarama da Fortuna (see Buerarema Ribeirac 

da Fortuna); Bahia, Brazil 
Buerarema Ribeirao da Fortuna (= Buerarama da 
Fortuna = Buerarema); Bahia, Brazil 
(1457'S, 3919'W, USBGN) 



188 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Micoureus demerarae, sea level 
Buga; Valle del Cauca, Colombia (0354'N, 
7617'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 965 m 
Bugaba (= Bogava); Chiriquf, Panama (0829'N, 
8237'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus, 2500 m 
Marmosa mexicana 
Philander opossum 
Burruyacii; Tucuman, Argentina (2630'S, 
6445'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Didelphis albiventris, 800 m 
Thylamys venustus, 1300 m 
Bush Bush, Nariva Swamp; Nariva, Trinidad and 
Tobago (Nariva Swamp = 1025'N, 6104'W, 
USBGN) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Butanta; Sao Paulo, Brazil (ca. 2334'S, 4643'W, 
Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Philander frenata 
Buxton, 1 mi E; Demerara-Mahaica, Guyana 
(0647'N, 5802'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 



Caazapa; Caazapa, Paraguay (2609'S, 5624'W, 
Paynter, 1989) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Cabassou; French Guiana (0454'N, 5218'W, 
USBGN) 
Caluromys philander 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Philander opossum 
Cabecera del Cano Culebra, Cerro Duida, 40 km 
NNW of Esmeraldas; Amazonas, Venezuela 
(0330'N, 6543'W, Handley, 1976) 
Didelphis albiventris, 1400 m 
Cabo Frio; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (2253'S, 
4201'W, Paynter and Tray lor, 1991) 
Didelphis albiventris, sea level 
Cabo Tres Puntas; Santa Cruz, Argentina 
(4706'S, 6533'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Lestodelphys halli 
Cacao; French Guiana (0435'N, 5228'W, Ste- 
phens and Tray lor, 1985) 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Cacao Pereira (see Cacau Pirera); Amazonas, Bra- 
zil 
Cacau Pirera (= Cacao Pereira); Amazonas, Bra- 
zil (ca. 0308'S, 6005'W, Paynter and Tray- 
lor, 1991) 
Didelphis marsupialis, ca. 20 m 
Marmosops noctivagus (Igarape Cacao Pereira) 



Caceres; Antioquia, Colombia (0735'N, 7520'W, 
Paynter, 1997) 
Caluromys derbianus, 75 m 
Caceres (= Sao Luis de Caceres); Mato Grosso, 
Brazil (1604'S, 57 41'W, Paynter and Tray- 
lor, 1991) 
Caluromys lanatus, 152 m 
Didelphis albiventris, 1 52 m 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Philander opossum 
Cachabi (= Cachavf), Rio Cachabi; Esmeraldas, 
Ecuador (0103'N, 7850'W, Hershkovitz, 
1987) 
Philander opossum 
Cachagua; Valparaiso, Chile (3235'S, 7125'W, 
Geonet) 
Thylamys elegans, sea level 
Cachavf (see Cachabi); Esmeraldas, Ecuador 
Cacheuta; Mendoza, Argentina (3306'S, 
6907'W, Geonet) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Cachi, 30 km E; Salta, Argentina (2506'S, 
6611'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Cachoeira Bonita, Parque Nacional do Caparao; 
Minas Gerais, Brazil (Parque = 2031'- 
2040'S, 41 o 40'-4142'W, Paynter and Tray- 
lor, 1991) 
Philander frenata 
Cachoeira de Pancada, Rio Maraca, Mazagao (see 

Prosperidade); Amapa, Brazil 
Cachoeira do Campo (= Glaura); Minas Gerais, 
Brazil (2020'S, 4340'W, Paynter and Tray- 
lor, 1991) 
Didelphis albiventris, ca. 1 1 00 m 
Didelphis aurita, ca. 1 100 m 
Cachoeira do Rio Grande, Rib Mamore; Rondon- 
ia, Brazil (not located, border of Bolivia and 
Brazil) 
Monodelphis glirina 
Cachoeira Porteira; Para, Brazil (0105'S, 
5704'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Cacuri, Alto Ventuari; Amazonas, Venezuela 
(0449'N, 65 21'W, Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Caete, Cidade (see Cidade Caete); Minas Gerais, 

Brazil 
Caete, Ro^as Novas; Minas Gerais, Brazil 
(1945'S, 4337'W, Varejao-Valle, 1982) 
Didelphis albiventris, ca. 1 1 00 m 
Cafayate (= Cayafate); Salta, Argentina (2605'S, 
6558'W, Paynter, 1992) 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



189 



Didelphis albiventris, 1600 m 
Cafayate, 45 km S; Tucuman, Argentina (2620'S, 
6558'W, Mares et al., 1996) 
Thylamys venustus 
Cafeces, Montegrande, Ibanez; Santa Cruz, Boliv- 
ia (Ibanez = ca. 1748'S, 6308'W, Paynter, 
1992) 
Monodelphis domestica 
Cafetal de Chama (= Rio Chama [= Hama]); Me- 
rida, Venezuela (ca. 0832'N, 7121'W, Payn- 
ter, 1982) 
GracUinanus marica, 1600 m 
Micoureus demerarae, 1630 m 
Cafetal de Llano; Merida, Venezuela (not located) 

Micoureus demerarae 
Cafetal de Merida (see Cafetales de Merida); Me- 
rida, Venezuela 
Cafetal de Milla (= Cafetos de Milla); Merida, 
Venezuela (0830'N, 7122'W, Hershkovitz, 
1992) 
GracUinanus dryas 
GracUinanus marica, 1600 m 
Marmosa robinsoni, 1680 m 
Marmosops fuscatus, 1630 m 
Micoureus demerarae 
Cafetales de Merida (= Cafetal de Merida = Caf- 
etos de Merida); Merida, Venezuela 
(0836'N, 7108'W, Hershkovitz, 1992) 
GracUinanus dryas, 1640 m 
GracUinanus marica, 1600-1630 m 
Micoureus demerarae, 1630 m 
Cafetal Fuente; Merida, Venezuela (not located) 

Micoureus demerarae 
Cafetos de Merida (see Cafetales de Merida); Me- 
rida, Venezuela 
Cafetos de Milla (see Cafetal de Milla); Merida, 

Venezuela 
Cahabon (see Cajabon); Alta Verapaz, Guatemala 
Caicara; Bolivar, Venezuela (0737'N, 6610'W, 
Paynter, 1982) 
Didelphis marsupialis 

Micoureus demerarae, 46 m (Caicara del Ori- 
noco) 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Caicara; Mato Grosso, Brazil (ca. 1604'S, 
5742'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Caluromys lanatus, ca. 150 m 
Caicara (see Caicara de Maturin); Monagas, Ve- 
nezuela 
Caicara de Maturin (= Caicara); Monagas, Ve- 
nezuela (0949'N, 6336'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 175 m 
Caicedo; Antioquia, Colombia (0625'N, 
7600'W, Paynter, 1997) 



Caenolestes convelatus, 360 m 
Caimancito, Parque Nacional Calilegua; Jujuy, 
Argentina (2344'S, 6435'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Thylamys venustus, 400 m, 550 m, 600 m, 700 

m, 6000 ft (= 1875 m) 
Micoureus constantiae 
Caixa D'Agua; Espirito Santo, Brazil (2038'S, 
4055'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Monodelphis scalops, 750 m 
Philander frenata 
Caiza; Tarija, Bolivia (2149'S, 6334'W, Ander- 
son, 1997) 
Thylamys venustus 
Cajabon (= Cahabon), 40 mi NE of Coban; Alta 
Verapaz, Guatemala (1534'N, 8949'W, 
Geonet) 
Marmosa mexicana, 220 m 
Cajamarca; Cajamarca, Peru (0710'S, 7831'W, 
Geonet) 
Didelphis albiventris, 2800 m 
Cajanuma, Laguna Compadre; Loja, Ecuador 
(0410'S, 7907'W, Patterson and Albuja; 
Paynter, 1993, lists Cajanuma, Nudo de, at 
0405'S, 7912'W). 
Caenolestes caniventer, 2900-3200 m 
Calca, 55 km N; Cusco, Peru (1320'S, 7157'W, 
Stephens and Traylor, 1983) 
Lestoros inca, 3560 m 
Calarca; Quindio, Colombia (0431'N, 7538'W, 
Paynter, 1997) 
Micoureus alstoni, ca. 1500 m 
Calcoene; Amapa, Brazil (0230'N, 5057'W, 
Paynter, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Caldas (see Dagua); Valle del Cauca, Colombia 
Caldeirao (see Ilha de Marajo); Para, Brazil 
Calera (see La Calera); Valparaiso, Chile 
Caleufu; La Pampa, Argentina (3535'S, 6433'W, 
Paynter, 1985) 
Monodelphis dimidiata, 260 m 
Cali (= Rio Bariatou [Barratow] = Rio Cauca); 
Valle del Cauca, Colombia (0327'N, 
7631'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Caluromys derbianus, 1 000 m (Rio Cauca Val- 
ley) 
Chironectes minimus, 1000 m 
Didelphis marsupialis, 957-1050 m 
Philander opossum (upper Rio Cauca Valley) 
Calilegua; Jujuy, Argentina (2347'S, 6447'W, 
Paynter, 1985) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Micoureus constantiae 
Thylamys venustus, ca. 500 m 



190 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Calilegua Mountain (see Serrania de Calilegua); 

Jujuy, Argentina 
Callao; Mendoza, Argentina (not located) 

Thylamys pallidior 
Camargo; Chusquisaca, Bolivia (2039'S, 
6513'W, Paynter, 1992) 
Thylamys pallidior, 3400 m 
Camataqui (= Camataquin); Tarija, Bolivia 
(2119'S, 6513'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Thylamys pallidior, 11500 ft (= 3590 m) 
Thylamys venustus 
Camataquin (see Camataqui); Tarija, Bolivia 
Camatindi; Tarija, Bolivia (2100'S, 6323'W, An- 
derson, 1997) 
Monodelphis domestica 
Thylamys venustus 
Camboriu; Santa Catarina, Brazil, (2701'S, 
4838'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Chironectes minimus, 9 m 
Cameta; Para, Brazil (0215'S, 4930'W, Paynter 
and Traylor, 1991) 
Caluromys philander, 25 m (left bank Rio To- 

cantins) 
Chironectes minimus, 25 m (left bank Rio To- 

cantins) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 25 m (Rio Tocantins) 
Micoureus demerarae, 25 m (left bank Rio To- 
cantins) 
Monodelphis brevicaudata, 25 m (left bank Rio 

Tocantins) 
Monodelphis emiliae (W bank Rio Tocantins, 

0214'S, 4930'W) 
Philander opossum (left bank Rio Tocantins, 
0215'S, 4929'W) 
Camiaco, ca. 12 km NNW of Limoqueje; Beni, 
Bolivia (1524'S, 6446'W, Herskovitz, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Philander opossum 
Camino del Indio, 20 km NE of Castillos; Rocha, 
Uruguay (Castillos = 3412'S, 5350'W, 
Paynter, 1994) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Camino de los Espanoles, San Esteban; Carabobo, 
Venezuela (San Esteban = 1026'N, 6800'W, 
Paynter, 1982) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 365 m 
Monodelphis palliolata, 365 m 
Camino El Palmar, 7 km SW of Santa Cruz; Santa 
Cruz, Bolivia (1748'S, 6308'W, Anderson 
et al., 1993) 
Marmosops dorothea 
Camino Vilches, 1 mi E of San Joaquin (see San 
Joaquin); Beni, Bolivia 



Camiri, near; Santa Cruz, Bolivia (2005'S, 
6334'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Monodelphis domestica 
Camp I, Cerro de La Neblina; Amazonas, Vene- 
zeula (0046'N, 6600'W, Geonet) 
Micoureus demerarae 
Philander opossum 
Camp II, 2.5 km NE of Pico Phelps, Cerro de La 
Neblina; Amazonas, Venezuela (0046'N, 
6600'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis albiventris, 2085-2100 m 
Marmosops neblina 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Camp V, 2 km NNW of Pico Phelps, Cerro de La 
Neblina; Amazonas, Venezuela (0046'N, 
6600'W, Geonet) 
Micoureus demararae 
Camp VI, Cerro de La Neblina; Amazonas, Ve- 
nezuela (0046'N, 6600'W, Gardner, 1988) 
Marmosops neblina 
Camp VII, Cerro de La Neblina; Amazonas, Ve- 
nezuela (0046'N, 6600'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis albiventris, 1730 m, 2100 m, 3045 m 
(2.5 km NE of Pico Phelps [ = Cerro de La 
Neblina]) 
Marmosops neblina, 1800 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Micoureus demerarae, 1800 m 
Camp XI, Cerro de La Neblina; Amazonas, Ve- 
nezuela (0045'N, 6558'W, Gardner, 1988) 
Micoureus demerarae 
Marmosops neblina 
Campamento, Repressa del Guri (= Zona de la 
Repressa del Guri), Rio Caroni; Bolivar, Ve- 
nezuela (0718'N, 6300'W, Perez-Hernan- 
dez, 1989) 
Micoureus demerarae, 180 m 
Marmosa murina, 180 m 
Monodelphis brevicaudata, 180 in 
Campamento; Bolfvar, Venezuela (0629'N, 
6126'W, Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 100 m 
Campamento (= Base Camp La Neblina), Cerro 
de La Neblina; Amazonas, Venezuela 
(0052'N, 6614'W, Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Chironectes minimus 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Micoureus demerarae 
Philander andersoni 
Philander opossum 
Campamento No. 2, Duida; Amazonas, Venezuela 
(0310'N, 6532'W, Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



Micoureus demerarae, 1000 m 
Campamento 6 de Agosto; Beni, Bolivia 
(1517'S, 6785'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Chironectes minimus 
Campamento El Merey, 45 km E of Temblador; 
Monagas, Venezuela (0850'N, 6242'W, Lo- 
pez-Fuster et al., 2000) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Campamento El Trapiche; Beni, Bolivia (1448'S, 
6619'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Campamento M.A.R.N.R., Rio Guarapiere; Mon- 
agas, Venezuela (0955'N, 6255'W, Lopez- 
Fuster et al., 2000) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Campamento Moira, Alto Madidi; La Paz, Bolivia 
(1335'S, 6846'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Micoureus constantiae 
Campamento Yuqui; Cochabamba, Bolivia 
(1647'S, 6457'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Campana; Buenos Aires, Argentina (3513'S, 
5854'W, Hershkovitz, 1992) 
Gracilinanus agilis 
Campanha; Minas Gerais, Brazil (2150'S. 
4524'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis aurita, 874 m 
Campinho; Espirito Santo, Brazil (2007'S, 
4018'W, Hershkovitz, 1992) 
Marmosops incanus, sea level (2009'S. 

4017'W) 
Philander frenata, 500 m 
Campo Alegre; Sucre, Venezuela (ca. 1010'N, 
6345'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Campo Bello, Itatiaya (see Pico das Agulhas Ne- 

gras); Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 
Campo Duran, 8 km S, 8 km E; Salta, Argentina 
(2214'S, 6342'W, USBGN) 
Thylamys venustus 
Campo Grande, 13 km N; Mato Grosso do Sul, 
Brazil (2027'S, 5437'W, Paynter and Tray- 
lor, 1991) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Micoureus constantiae 
Campo Grande, 17 km E of Santo Domingo; Sal- 
ta, Argentina (2437'S, 6320'W, Flores et al., 
2000) 
Thylamys pusilla 
Campo Sales; Ceara, Brazil (0704'S, 4023'W, 
USBGN) 
Monodelphis domestica (Si'tio Volta) 
Camp Pifia, Fort Sherman; Colon, Panama 
(0922'N, 7957'W, Geonet) 



Didelphis marsupialis 

Metachirus nudicaudatus (0916'N, 8000'W) 
Philander opossum 
Camp Rangel; Aragua, Venezuela (not located) 

Didelphis marsupialis 
Camp Rangel; Guarico, Venezuela (not located) 

Caluromys philander 
Camp Seattle, Osa Peninsula; Puntarenas, Costa 
Rica (Osa Peninsula = 0834'N, 8331'W, 
USBGN) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Cana (= Santa Cruz de Cafia); Darien, Panama 
(0747'N, 7742'W, Gardner, 1973) 
Caluromys derbianus 

Chironectes minimus, 606 m, 2000 ft (= 625 
m) (upper Rio Tuyra, Rio Tuyra = 0821'N, 
7803'W) 
Didelphis marsupialis 

Marmosa robinsoni, 1800 ft (= 560 m), 600 m 
Marmosops invictus, 610 m, 2000 ft (= 625 m) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 

Monodelphis adusta, 2000 ft (= 625 m) (upper 
Rio Tuyra, Rio Tuyra = 0821'N, 7803'W) 
Canaa; Minas Gerais, Brazil (2040'S, 4235'W, 
Varejao and Valle, 1982) 
Didelphis aurita 
Cana Brava; Nova Roma, Goias, Brazil (1340'S, 
4807'W, Hershkovitz, 1992) 
Gracilinanus agilis 
Monodelphis domestica 
Canar; Canar, Ecuador (0233'S, 7856'W, Payn- 
ter, 1993) 
Didelphis albiventris, 2600-3176 m 
Canay (see Restrepo); Meta, Colombia 
Canelones, 4 km N; Canelones, Uruguay 
(3432'S, 5617'W, Paynter, 1994) 
Monodelphis dimidiata 
Canelos; Pastaza, Ecuador (0135'S, 7745'W, 
Paynter, 1993) 
Caluromys lanatus, 600 m (Rio Bobonaza) 
Marmosops noctivagus, 530 m 
Micoureus regina, 530 m (left bank Rio Bo- 
bonaza) 
Caney, Rib Guatiqufa (see Restrepo); Meta, Co- 
lombia 
Cano Alpargaton; Carobobo, Venezuela (1028'N, 
6815'W, Lopez-Fuster et al., 2000) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Cano Anaru; Barinas, Venezuela (0723'N, 
7044'W, Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Philander opossum 
Cano Avispa; Vichada. Colombia (0516'N, 
7042'W, Geonet) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata, 100 m 



192 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Cano Bartalo; Guarico, Venezeuela (not located) 

Marmosa robinsoni 
Cano Cotua, Boca, Parque Nacional Yapacana; 
Amazonas, Venezuela (0341'N, 6652'W, 
Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Cano Culebra, Cerro Duida; Amazonas, Venezue- 
la (0337'N, 6541'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Caluromys philander, 750 m 
Didelphis albiventris, 750 m, 1400 m (50 km 

NNW of Esmeralda) 
Micoureus demerarae, 750 m 
Cano Entrada, Sierra de la Macarena; Meta, Co- 
lombia (0308'N, 7252'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Marmosa lepida, 550 m 
Cano Leon, Cerro Duida; Amazonas, Venezuela 
(0325'N, 6540'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Cano Majagua, Rio Ventuari; Amazonas, Vene- 
zuela (0520'N, 6540'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Philander andersoni 
Canon del Rio Pita; Pichincha, Ecuador (ca. 
0018'S, 7828'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Caenolestes caniventer 
Caenolestes fuliginosus 
Didelphis albiventris 
Cano Tigre, Zea; Merida, Venezuela (0851'N, 
7123'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 450 m 
Monodelphis palliolata, 450 m 
Philander opossum, 450 m 
Cano Yagua, Cerro Cucurito; Amazonas, Vene- 
zuela (0335'N, 6646'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys lanatus, 120 m 
Philander andersoni, 120 m 
Cano Yureba, Salto Yureba; Amazonas, Venezue- 
la (04 1 l'N, 6642'W, Geonet) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Cantareira (see Serra da Cantareira); Sao Paulo, 

Brazil 
Cantareira Forestal Preserve (see Serra da Can- 
tareira); Sao Paulo, Brazil 
Canudos; Para, Brazil (0716'S, 5807'W, Hersh- 
kovitz, 1997) 
Philander opossum 
Capao Bonito (see Fazenda Intervales); Sao Pau- 
lo, Brazil 
Caparo; Caroni, Trinidad and Tobago (1027'N, 
6120'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Marmosops fuscatus 
Capatarida; Falcon, Venezuela (1110'N, 
7037'W, Handley, 1976) 



Marmosa xerophila, 40-75 m 
Capeti; Darien, Panama (0804'N, 7733'W, Gard- 
ner, 1973) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Capibara, Brazo Casiquiare, 106 km SW of Es- 
meraldas; Amazonas, Venezuela (0237'N, 
6619'W, Handley, 1976) 
Didelphis marsupialis, ca. 100 m, 130 m 
Marmosa murina, 130 m 
Marmosops parvidens, 1 30 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 130 m 
Micoureus demerarae, 130 m 
Monodelphis brevicaudata, 130 m (left bank 

Brazo Casiquiare) 
Philander andersoni, 130 m 
Capim (= km 87-94, Belem-Brasilia); Para, Bra- 
zil (0140'S, 4747'W, Paynter and Traylor, 
1991) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 25 m 
Gracilinanus emiliae 

Metachirus nudicaudatus (8 km SE of Belem 
= 0130'S, 4820'W, km 87-94, Belem-Bra- 
silia) 
Philander opossum (0130'S, 4820'W) 
Capital; Sao Paulo, Brazil (not located) 
Monodelphis sorex 
Thylamys velutinus 
Carabaya (province); Puno, Peru (1350'S, 
7015'W, Stephens and Traylor, 1983) 
Chironectes minimus 
Caracaraf, Parana do Pocao, Rio Mucajai (= Pa- 
rana do Pocao); Roraima, Brazil (0150'N, 
6108'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis marsupialis (also at 0249'N, 

6040'W) 
Philander opossum 
Caracas; Distrito Federal, Venezuela (1030'N, 
6655'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Chironectes minimus, 1 1 10-1 170 m 
Didelphis marsupialis, 917-1170 m 
Caracato; La Paz, Bolivia (1659'S, 6749'W, An- 
derson, 1997) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Cara de Mono; Zelaya, Nicaragua (1207'N, 
8428'W, Geonet) 
Chironectes minimus, 50 m 
Philander opossum, 50 m 
Caraiben-Niederlassungung Arrai am obern Pom- 
eroon (see Caribe Colony of Arrai); West De- 
merara-Essequibo Islands, Guyana 
Caranavi; La Paz, Bolivia (1546'S, 6736'W, 
Paynter, 1992) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosops impavidus 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



193 



Metachirus nudicaudalus (20 km NNE of Car- 

anavi) 
Micoureus regina 
Caranda, 2 km S; Santa Cruz, Bolivia (1733'S, 
6332'W, Anderson et al., 1993) 
Marmosops impavidus 
Carandaiti (see Carandaity); Chusquisaca, Bolivia 
Carandaity (= Carandaiti), 30 km SE; Chusquis- 
aca, Bolivia (2045'S, 6304'W, Paynter, 
1992) 
Monodelphis domestica 
Thylamys pusilla 
Thylamys venustus 
Carao, Cajamarca [probably Caras in Ancash]; 
Peru (Caras = 0904'S, 7749'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis albiventris, 2200 m 
Carapari; Tarija, Bolivia (2149'S, 6346'W, Payn- 
ter, 1992) 
Micoureus constantiae 
Thylamys venustus, 1000 m 
Caratateua, E bank Ri'o Caete; Para, Brazil 
(0059'S, 4642'W, USBGN) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Caratinga (= Sao Joao de Jacutinga); Minas Ger- 
ais, Brazil (1946'S, 4145'W, Varejao and 
Valle, 1982) 
Didelphis aurita 
Cardenas; Tabasco, Mexico (1759'N, 9322'W, 
Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Philander opossum 
Cardona, 3 km E; Soriano, Uruguay (3353'S, 
5723'W, USBGN) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Cariaco; Sucre, Venezuela (1050'N, 6343'W, 
Lopez-Fuster et al., 2000) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Cariari; Limon, Costa Rica (1022'N, 8344'W, 
Gardner, 1973) 
Chironectes minimus 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Caribe Colony of Arrai (= Caraiben-Niederlas- 
sungung Arrai am obern Pomeroon), upper 
Pomeroon River; West Demerara-Essequibo 
Islands, Guyana (ca. 0710'N, 5840'W, 
Schomburgk, 1848) 
Marmosa murina 
Caripe; Monagas, Venezuela (1012'N, 6329'W, 
Paynter, 1982) 
Chironectes minimus, 860 m 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Carlazo; Tarija, Bolivia (2128'S, 6432'W, 
USBGN) 
Didelphis albiventris, 2300 m 



Thylamys venustus, 2300-2400 m 
Carmo da Cachoeira; Minas Gerais, Brazil 
(2130'S, 4515'W, Varejao and Valle, 1982) 
Didelphis aurita 
Carmopolis de Minas; Minas Gerais, Brazil 
(2033'S, 4438'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Carolina; Maranhao, Brazil (0720'S, 4728'W, 
Paynter and Traylor. 1991) 
Caluromys philander, 169 m 
Carolina Mine, 4 km W of Divisadero; Morazan, 
El Salvador (Divisadero = 1336'N, 
8804'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 750 ft (= 230 m) 
Carondelet; Esmeraldas, Ecuador (0106'N, 
7842'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Marmosa robinsoni, 70 m 
Philander opossum, 60 ft (= 18 m) (0103'N, 
7850'W) 
Carrasco; Montevideo, Uruguay (3450'S, 
5603'W, Paynter, 1994) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Carretera El Limon; Distrito Federal, Venezuela 
(1028'N, 6717'W, Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Gracilinanus marica 
Didelphis marsupialis, 600 m, 1750 m 
Monodelphis palliolata, 1 750 m 
Carretera Calabozo-San Fernando de Apure, Par- 
celamiento; Guarico, Venezuela (0816'N, 
6736'W, Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Carretera Caracas, La Colonia Tovar, km 40; Dis- 
trito Federal, Venezuela (1028'N, 6705'W, 
Perez-Hernandez. 1989:381) 
Gracilinanus marica 
Marmosops fuscatus 
Carretera Central, Cordillera Carpish; Huanuco, 
Peru (Cordillera Carpish = 0955'-0918'S, 
7614'-7559'W, Stephens and Traylor, 
1983) 
Didelphis albiventris, 2400 m (E slope Cordil- 
lera Carpish) 
Carretera El Dorado-Santa Elena; Bolivar, Vene- 
zuela (556'N, 6127'W, Perez-Hernandez, 
1989) 
Micoureus demerarae, km 124 at 1350 m, km 
125 at 1100 m, km 126 at 1200 m, km 134 
at 1300 m 
Carretera El Dorado-Santa Elena de Uairen, 70 
km; Bolivar, Venezuela (06WN, 6127'W, 
Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Carretera El Limon; Distrito Federal, Venezuela 



194 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



(1028'N, 6717'W, Perez-Hernandez, 
1989) 
Monodelphis palliolata, 1750 m 
Carretera El Junquito (see El Junquito); Distrito 

Federal, Venezuela 
Carretera San Carlos-Manrique; Cojedes, Vene- 
zuela (0950'N, 6832'W, Perez-Hernandez, 
1989) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Carretera Vieja de Cata; Apure, Venezuela 
(1028'N, 6744'W, Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Carrizal; Miranda, Venezuela (1021'N, 6659'W, 
Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Carrizales; Miranda, Venezuela (1021'N, 
6702'W, Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1 100 m 
Marmosops fuscatus 
Cartago; Cartago, Costa Rica (0952'N, 8355'W, 
Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1432 m 
Micoureus alstoni 
Casabindo; Jujuy, Argentina (2258'S, 6600'W, 
USBGN) 
Thylamys pallidior, 4000-4500 m 
Casa Grande, Boraceia, 20 km S of Salesopolis; 
Sao Paulo, Brazil (Salesopolis = 2332'S, 
4551'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Monodelphis sorex 
Philander frenata 
Casa Morava (= Azunta), 18 km NW of San Joa- 
quin; Beni, Bolivia (San Joaquin = 1304'S, 
6449'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Casa Nova, Rio Arapuins; Para, Brazil (0218'S, 
5539'W, Hershkovitz, 1977) 
Marmosa murina 
Casarabe, 16 km W; Beni, Bolivia (1448'S, 
6414'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 230 m 
Philander opossum 
Cascada Diana, 16 km WNW of Villa La Angos- 
tura; Neuquen, Argentina (Villa La Angos- 
tura = 4047'S, 7140'W, USBGN) 
Dromiciops gliroides 
Cascajal; Beni, Bolivia (1213'S, 6513'W, An- 
derson, 1997) 
Micoureus constantiae 
Caserio Boro (= La Concordia); Lara, Venezuela 
(0953'-1002'N, 6926'-6947'W, Handley, 
1976) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 5 1 8-900 m 
Marmosa robinsoni, 528-616 m 



Casiquiare Canal, Cerro Duida (see Brazo Casi- 

quiare); Amazonas, Venezuela 
Casita; Darien, Panama (0801'N, 7722'W, Wen- 
zel and Tipton, 1966) 
Marmosops invictus, 458 m 
Caspirola; San Jose, Costa Rica (0941'N, 
8417'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Castanhal, Rio Jamunda [Nhamunda]; Para, Brazil 
(not located) 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Castano Nuevo; San Juan, Argentina (3102'S, 
6933'W, Geonet) 
Thylamys pallidior, 5040 ft (= 1575 m) 
Castro Alves; Bahia, Brazil (1245'S, 3926'W, 
Geonet) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Casupito, Parque Nacional Guatopo; Miranda, Ve- 
nezuela (1003'N, 681 l'W, Geonet) 
Chironectes minimus, 350 m 
Catacamas; Yoro, Honduras (1448'N, 8554'W, 
Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Catamutun;' Los Lagos, Chile (4007'S, 7307'W, 
Geonet) 
Dromiciops gliroides 
Catemaco; Veracruz-Llave, Mexico (1825'N, 
9507'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Philander opossum 
Caucaia do Alto, Cotia; Sao Paulo, Brazil 
(2341'S, 4702'W, Geonet) 
Marmosops incanus, 1000 m 
Cauca Seca (= Rio Cauca); Colombia (not pre- 
cisely located) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Caura; St. George, Trinidad and Tobago (1043'N, 
6121'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys philander, 600 ft (= 180 m) 
Didelphis marsupialis 

Marmosa robinsoni, 500 ft (= 150 m), 600 ft 
(= 180 m) 
Caxiricatuba, right bank Rfo Tapajos; Para, Brazil 
(0236'S, 5456'W, Hershkovitz, 1977) 
Caluromys philander 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Cayafate (see Cafayate); Salta, Argentina 
Cayambe, foot of Volcan Cayambe; Pichincha, 
Ecuador (0003'N, 7808'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Didelphis albiventris, 9340 ft (= 2900 m) 
Cayenne; French Guiana (0456'N, 5220'W, Ste- 
phens and Traylor, 1985) 
Caluromys philander 
Chironectes minimus, sea level 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



195 



Didelphis marsupialis, sea level 
Marmosa murina 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Philander opossum 
Cayetue. Lago Todos Santos; Los Lagos, Chile 
(4114'S, 7217'W. Paynter. 1988) 
Dromiciops gliroides, 250 m 
Cayo; Cayo District. Belize (ca. 1709'N. 
8904'W, Geonet) 
Philander opossum 
Cayo de Agua: Bocas del Toro. Panama (0909'N. 
8202'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus (Punta Norte) 
Philander opossum 
Cayo Nancy; Bocas del Toro. Panama (0920'N. 
8213'W, Geonet) 
Philander opossum 
Ccolpa de Guacamayos. W bank Rio Tambopata; 
Madre de Dios, Peru (1308'S. 6936'W, Em- 
mons et al.. 1994) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosops noctivagus 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Philander opossum 
Cebollal (= Seboyal): Loja. Ecuador (0402'S. 
8002'W. Hershkovitz. 1997) 
Philander opossum. 3100 ft (= 970 m) 
Cedar Creek. Isla Bastimentos: Bocas del Toro. 
Panama (0917'N. 8207'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Cedrobamba Ruins. Macchu Pichu (see Macchu 
Pichu, Urumbamba. Cedrobamba Ruins); 
Cusco, Peru 
Celendin; Cajamarca. Peru (0652'S. 7809'W. 
Geonet) 
Didelphis albiventris, 2709 m 
Celica; Loja. Ecuador (0407'S, 7659'W. Paynter. 
1993) 
Marmosops impavidus, 6900 ft (= 2150 m) 
Centinela (= Puerto Centinela). 1.5 km E of San 
Joaquin; Beni, Bolivia (San Joaqufn = 
1304'S, 6449'W. Hershkovitz. 1997) 
Marmosa murina 
Philander opossum 
Central Camp, Cerro Duida (see Middle Camp); 

Amazonas, Venezuela 
Central Camp, Cumbre #1. Cerro Duida; Ama- 
zonas, Venezuela (Cerro Duida = 0325'N. 
6540'W. Paynter, 1982) 
Didelphis albiventris. 4800 ft (= 1500 m) 
Central Farm; Cayo. Belize (17H'N, 89WW. 
Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 



Philander opossum 
Centro Argentino de Primates, 20 km SE. Corri- 
entes; Corrientes. Argentina (not located) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Centro de Investigaciones de Fauna Silvestre, El 
Limon; Aragua. Venezuela (1019'N, 
6738'W, Perez-Hernandez. 1989) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Centro de Ski Antillanca (see Antillanca Ski 

Area); Osorno, Chile 
Centro Dieciocho: Pando, Bolivia (10 C 36'S. 
6647'W. Anderson, 1997) 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Monodelphis emiliae 
Centro Union, Rio Aucayo; Loreto, Peru (not lo- 
cated) 
Chironectes minimus 
Centurion; Concepcion, Paraguay (ca. 2215'S. 
5735'W, Paynter, 1989) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Cerro; Montevideo. Uruguay (Montevideo = 
3453'S. 56H'W. Paynter. 1994) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Cerro Amboro. Rio Pitisama (also see Rio Pitis- 
ama). 4.5 km N, 1.5 km E: Santa Cruz, Bo- 
livia (1744'S, 6339'W, Paynter, 1992) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 620 m 
Mannosops dorothea 
Cerro Antisana. Oriente; Napo, Ecuador (0030'S. 
7808'W. Paynter. 1993) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus, 4000 m 
Cerro Auyan-tepui (see Auyan-tepuf); Bolivar. 

Venezuela 
Cerro Azul; Loreto, Peru (ca. 0713'S, 7430'W, 
Stephens and Traylor. 1983) 
Marmosa murina, ca. 500 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, ca. 2000 ft (= 625 
m) (E bank Rio Ucayali, 0714'S, 7434'W) 
Cerro Azul (= La Zumbadora); Panama. Panama 
(0910'N. 7925'W, Geonet) 
Chironectes minimus, 2000 ft (= 625 m) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosops invictus, 265-1000 m, 640 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Philander opossum 
Cerro Azul. near; Zulia. Venezuela (1051'N, 
7216'W, Handley. 1976) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 75-80 m 
Marmosa robinsoni, 75-80 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Philander opossum 
Cerro Bajo Verde, near Guayaquil; Guayas, Ec- 



196 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



uador (Guayaquil = 0210'S, 7950'W, Payn- 
ter, 1993) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Cerro Blanco; Guayas, Ecuador (0210'S, 
8002'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Didelphis marsupialis, ca. 100-420 m 
Cerro Cacaguatique, N slope; San Miguel, El Sal- 
vador (1346'N, 8813'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 3500 ft (= 1090 m), 
1090 m, 4500 ft (= 1400 m) 
Cerro Calilegua (see Serranfa de Calilegua); Ju- 

juy, Argentina 
Cerro Campana; Panama, Panama (0843'N, 
7954'W, Geonet) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Philander opossum 
Cerro Casabindo; Jujuy, Argentina (2256'S, 
6607'W, Flores et al., 2000) 
Thylamys pallidior, 4500 m. 
Cerro Cayambe (see Volcan Cayambe); Pichin- 

cha, Ecuador 
Cerro Chaguar, Parque Nacional Baritii; Salta, Ar- 
gentina (2235'S, 6437'W, Flores et al., 
2000) 
Thylamys venustus 
Cerro Chimborazo; Chimborazo, Ecuador 
(0128'S, 7848'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus, 4000 m 
Cerro Chinguela, 5 km NE of Zapalache; Piura, 
Peru (0507'S, 7923'W, Paynter, 1983) 
Caenolestes caniventer, 2900 m 
Caenolestes fuliginosus, 2900 m 
Cerro Chucanti; Bocas del Toro, Panama (not lo- 
cated) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Cerro Colorado; Santa Cruz, Bolivia (1927'S, 
6221'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Monodelphis domestica 
Thylamys venustus 
Cerro Cora; Amambay, Paraguay (2237'S, 
5559'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Cerro Cotacachi; Imbabura, Ecuador (0022'N, 
7820'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus, 8000 ft (= 2500 m) 
Cerro Cucurito; Amazonas, Venezuela (0338'N, 
6625'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Philander andersoni 
Cerro de Famatima (see Loma de Famatima); La 

Rioja, Argentina 
Cerro de La Neblina (= Cerro La Neblina = La 
Neblina); Amazonas, Venezuela (ca. 
0050'N, 6604'W, Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 



Caluromys lanatus (Base Camp, Rio Mawar- 

inuma) 
Didelphis albiventris, 2100 m 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosops impavidus, 2100 m 
Marmosops neblina 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Cerro del Campo, 100 km NE of San Miguel de 
Tucuman, Burruyacu; Tucuman, Argentina 
(San Miguel de Tucuman = 2649'S, 
6413'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Didelphis albiventris, 800 m 
Thylamys venustus, 1300 m, 2400 m 
Cerro de Raco, Trancas; Tucuman, Argentina 
(2643'S, 6530'W, Mares et al., 1996) 
Thylamys venustus 
Cerro de Santa Ana, Penisula de Paraguana; Fal- 
con, Venezuela (1148'N, 6955'W, Lopez- 
Fuster et al., 2000) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Cerro de Taff Viejo, Taff Viejo; Tucuman, Argen- 
tina (Taff Viejo = 2644'S, 6516'W, Paynter, 
1985) 
Thylamys venustus, 2400 m 
Cerro de Tucuman (see Serra de Tucuman); Tu- 
cuman, Argentina 
Cerro Duida; Amazonas, Venezuela (0325'N, 
6540'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Didelphis albiventris, 1400 m, 2240 m 
Didelphis marsupialis, 2240 m 
Marmosa tyleriana, 4800-6900 ft (= 1500- 

2150 m) (plateau Mt. Duida) 
Micoureus demerarae, 100-2000 m 
Monodelphis brevicaudata, 2240 m 
Cerro Duida, base; Amazonas, Venezuela 
(0325'N, 6540'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Marmosa murina, 100 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 300 ft (= 90 m) 
Cerro El Avila; Distrito Federal, Venezuela 
(1031'N, 6652'W, Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosops fuscatus 
Monodelphis palliolata 
Cerro El Baiil, Ranch Carlos Minne; Oaxaca, 
Mexico (ca. 1633'N, 9410'W, Gardner, 
1973) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Cerro Hermoso, Parque Nacional Calilegua; Ju- 
juy, Argentina (2335'S, 6453'W, Flores et 
al., 2000) 
Thylamys venustus, 2800 m 
Cerro Hosana; Santa Cruz, Bolivia (1727'S, 
6340'W, Anderson et al., 1993) 
Marmosops dorothea 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



197 



Micoureus constantiae 
Cerro Hoya; Los Santos, Panama (0718'N, 
8042'W, Geonet) 
Chironectes minimus, 1450 ft (= 450 m) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Philander opossum 
Cerro Ibiapaba (see Serra Ibiapaba); Ceara, Brazil 
Cerro Iliniza (= Mt. Illininiza); Pichincha, Ecua- 
dor (0040'S, 7842'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus, 12000 ft (= 3750 m) 
Cerro Itahuatica; Santa Cruz, Bolivia (1948'S, 
6331'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Thy I amy s venustus 
Cerro La Neblina (see Cerro de La Neblina); 

Amazonas, Venezuela 
Cerro Las Copas, La Revancha; Tachira, Vene- 
zuela (0727'N, 7226'W, Perez-Hernandez, 
1989) 
Gracilinanus dryas, 2200 m 
Didelphis albiventris, 2200 m 
Marmosops impavidus, 2200 m 
Cerro Leones, 16 km ENE of San Carlos de Bar- 
iloche (= Cerro Lesnea); Rio Negro, Argen- 
tina (San Carlos de Bariloche = 4109'S, 
7118'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Lestodelphys halli 
Cerro Lesnea (see Cerro Leones); Rio Negro, Ar- 
gentina 
Cerro Mali; Darien, Panama (0807'N, 7714'W, 
Geonet) 
Chironectes minimus 
Cerro Manglaralto; Guayas, Ecuador (0150'S, 
8020'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 375-450 m 
Marmosa robinsoni 

Metachirus nudicaudatus, 1200-1500 ft (= 
375-460 m) (that portion of the Sierra de Co- 
lonche east of the town of Manglaralto) 
Cerro Matasiete, Isla Margarita; Nueva Esparta, 
Venezuela (1 103'N, 6351'W, Perez-Hernan- 
dez, 1989) 
Marmosa robinsoni, 120-524 m 
Cerro Medici; Tucuman, Argentina (2637'S, 
6512'W, Flores et al., 2000) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Thylamys pusilla 
Thylamys venustus 
Cerro Munchique; Cauca, Colombia (0232'N, 
7657'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1750 m, 2000 m, 2100 
m, 2300 m, 2400 m, 2570 m 
Cerro Nahuelbuta (= Sierra Nahuelbuta); Los La- 
gos, Chile (3743'S, 7304'W, Geonet) 
Dromiciops gliroides, 1440 m 



Cerro Nielol; Araucania, Chile (3840'S, 7238'W, 
Geonet) 
Dromiciops gliroides 
Cerro Papelon; Monagas, Venezuela (1001'N, 
6354'W, Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Marmosa robinsoni, 900 m 
Philander opossum, 900 m 
Cerro Papelon; Sucre, Venezuela (1011'N, 
6349'W, Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Marmosops fuscatus, 900 m 
Cerro Pata de Pajaro; Manabi, Ecuador (0002'N, 
7958'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Caluromys derbianus, 800 m 
Cerro Pichincha, crater; Pichincha, Ecuador 
(0010'S, 7833'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus 
Cerro Pilado; Caaguazu, Paraguay (2500'S, 
5530'W, Krumbiegel, 1941b) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Cerro Pirre, near head of Rio Limon; Darien, Pan- 
ama (0756'N, 7743'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 

Marmosops impavidus, 5300 ft (= 1650 m) 
Cerro Punta; Chiriqm, Panama (0853'N, 
8235'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Cerro Robles, 125 km NNW of Santiago; Maule, 
Chile (3514'S, 7123'W, Geonet) 
Thylamys elegans, 1600 m 
Cerro Roraima (= Monte Roraima = Mt. Rorai- 
ma) (see also Arabopo); Bolivar, Venezuela 
(0512'N, 6044'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Marmosa murina, 1400 m, 4200 ft (= 1300 m) 

(foot of Cerro Roraima) 
Micoureus demerarae, 4200 ft (= 1300 m) 
(foot of Cerro Roraima) 
Cerro Sajama (see Sajama Nevado); Oruro, Bo- 
livia 
Cerro San Javier; Tucuman, Argentina (2647'S, 
6524'W, Mares et al., 1996) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Thylamys venustus, 1000 m 
Cerro Santa Ana, Peninsula de Paraguana; Falcon, 
Venezuela (1149'N, 6956'W, Geonet) 
Marmosa robinsoni, 500-615 m 
Cerro Santa Barbara (= Sierra Santa Barbara); Ju- 
juy, Argentina (2407'S, 6429'W, Paynter, 
1985) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata, 1800 m 
Cerros del Tavara; Madre de Dios, Peru (1302'S, 
6941'W, Emmons et al., 1994) 
Micoureus demerarae, 500 m 



198 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Cerro Socopo; Falcon, Venezuela (1028'N, 
7048'W, Handley, 1976) 
Marmosa robinsoni, 1257-1280 m 
Cerro Tacarcuna; Darien, Panama (0811'N, 
7717'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Marmosa robinsoni 

Marmosops invictus, 1464 m, 4800 ft (= 1500 
m) (0810'N, 7718'W) 
Cerro Turumiquire; Sucre-Monagas, Venezuela 
(1007'N, 6352'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Gracilinanus marica, 8500 ft (= 2650 m), 
2596 m 
Chacarcito, Itoco, near Bogota; Cundinamarca, 
Colombia (Bogota = 0436'N, 7405'W, 
Paynter, 1997) 
Micoureus regina 
Chachapoyas; Amazonas, Peru (0613'S, 
7751'W, Geonet) 
Marmosops noctivagus, 9000 ft (= 2800 m) 
Chaco (= Gran Chaco), area between Ribs Pil- 
comayo and Paraguay, NW Asuncion; Pres- 
idente Hayes, Paraguay (ca. 2521'-2718'S, 
5740'-5838'W, Paynter, 1989) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Chacras de Coria; Mendoza, Argentina (3300'S, 
6852'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Lestodelphys halli 
Challao; Mandoza, Argentina (3251'S, 6856'W, 
Paynter, 1985) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Challapata; Oruro, Bolivia (1854'S, 6647'W, 
Paynter, 1992) 
Thylamys pallidior, 3700-3800 m 
Thylamys venustus 
Challoma, Sandia, 3 mi below San Juan on Rio 
Tambopata; Puno, Peru (not located) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 5000 ft (= 1560 m) 
Chama, Sierra de Merida; Merida, Venezuela 
(0903'N, 7137'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Chamelecon (= Chemelacon); Cortes, Honduras 
(1526'N, 8801'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Chamicuros (see Rio Chamicuros); Loreto, Peru 
Chanchamayo (see also Pueblo Nuevo); Junfn, 
Peru (ca. 1103'S, 7519'W, Stephens and 
Traylor, 1983) 
Caluromys lanatus, 1200 m 
Chironectes minimus 
Didelphis albiventris, 1200 m 
Hyladelphys kalinowskii, 1100 m (1110'S, 

7520'W, Hershkovitz, 1992) 
Marmosa murina (1055'S, 7518'W) 



Marmosops noctivagus 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 1 200 m 
Philander andersoni, 1 200 m 
Changuinola; Bocas del Toro, Panama (0926'N, 
8231'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Chironectes minimus 

Metachirus nudicaudatus (7 km SSW of Chan- 
guinola) 
Philander opossum 
Chapada (see Chapada dos Guimaraes); Mato 

Grosso, Brazil 
Chapada dos Guimaraes (= Chapada = Santa Ana 
[Anna] de Chapada); Mato Grosso, Brazil 
(1526'S, 5545'W, Paynter and Traylor, 
1991) 
Chironectes minimus 
Didelphis albiventris, 793 m 
Micoureus constantiae 
Thylamys pusilla 
Chapadao dos Parecis (see Serra dos Parecis); 

Mato Grosso, Brazil 
Chapadamal Formation; Buenos Aires, Argentina 
(not located) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Chapare; Cochabamba, Bolivia (1711'S, 
6549'W, Anderson, 1997 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Chapiquina; Tarapaca, Chile (1823'S, 6933'W, 
Geonet) 
Thylamys elegans, 10500 ft (= 3280 m) 
Charapaya (see Charuplaya); Cochabamba, Bolivia 
Charguayaco; Cauca, Colombia (ca. 0240'N, 
7657'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Didelphis albiventris, 2000 m 
Didelphis marsupialis, 2000-2200 m 
Charuplaya (= Charapaya); Cochabamba, Bolivia 
(1722'S, 6645'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 1350 m 
Chasquitambo; Ancash, Peru (1018'S, 7737'W, 
Handley, 1956) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Chaupe; Cajamarca, Peru (0600'S, 7909'W, 
Geonet) 
Didelphis albiventris, 6100 ft (= 1900 m) 
Chavantina (= Xavantina), 264 km N of Serra do 
Roncador; Mato Grosso, Brazil (1251'S, 
5146'W, Pineet al., 1970) 
Caluromys philander 
Marmosa murina 

Marmosops bishopi, ca. 1750 ft (= 540 m) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Micoureus demerarae 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



199 



Thylamys pusilla (1249'S, 4245'W) 
Chaves; Espirito Santo, Brazil (ca. 2006'S, 
4032'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Monodelphis iheringi 
Chemelacon (see Chamelecon); Cortes, Honduras 
Chepa (Quebrada); Panama, Panama (0902'N, 
7945'W, Geonet) 
Chironectes minimus 
Chepo; Panama, Panama (0910'N, 7906'W, 
Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Philander opossum 
Chiapa, 5 km S; Chiapas, Mexico (1642'N, 
9300'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Chiapa de Corzo, 4 mi NE; Chiapas, Mexico 
(1642'N, 9300'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Chical; Canar, Ecuador (0224'S, 7858'W, Payn- 
ter, 1993) 
Didelphis albiventris, 3125 m 
Chicharras (see Las Chicharras); Chiapas, Mexico 
Chichen Itza; Yucatan, Mexico (2040'N, 
8834'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosa canescens 
Marmosa mexicana 
Chichicafte; Veracruz-Llave, Mexico (not located) 

Philander opossum 
Chichirivichi; Distrito Federal, Venezuela 
(1028'N, 6717'W, Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Monodelphis palliolata 
Chicosa; Ucayali, Peru (1028'S, 7403'W, Geo- 
net) 
Caluromys lanatus, 454 m, 1500 ft (= 500 m) 
Marmosa murina 

Philander opossum, 1000 ft (= 300 m) 
Chijchijpa, Rio Yarisa; La Paz, Bolivia (1609'S, 
6745'W, Mustrangi and Patton, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosops dorothea, 1114m 
Marmosops noctivagus, 1114m, 1 224 m 
Chijchipani; La Paz, Bolivia (1608'S, 6744'W, 
Anderson, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosa murina 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Chilasco; Baja Verapaz, Guatemala (1507'N, 
9006'W, Geonet) 
Marmosa mexicana, 5000 ft (= 1560 m) 
Chimanta-tepuf; Boli'var, Venezuela (0518'N, 
6210'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Didelphis albiventris, 6300 ft (= 1960 m) 
Chimanta Massif, Lower Cumbre Camp, Chiman- 



ta-tepuf, Rib Tiraca; Boli'var, Venezuela 
(0518'N, 6210'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 6300 ft (= 1960 m) 
Chimoxan; Alta Verapaz, Guatemala (1538'N, 
8939'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Chinaja; Alta Verapaz, Guatemala (1601'N, 
9013'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 550 ft (= 170 m) 
Philander opossum, 550 ft (= 170 m) 
Chinandega; Esteli, Nicaragua (1237'N, 
8709'W, Geonet) 
Marmosa mexicana 
Chinchavito; Huanuco, Peru (0929'S, 7555'W, 
Stephens and Traylor, 1983) 
Marmosa murina, 3000 ft (= 930 m) 
Marmosops noctivagus, 3000 ft (= 930 m) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 3000 ft (= 930 m) 
Micoureus regina, 3000 ft (= 930 m) 
Chinchin Cocha; Pichincha, Ecuador (0003'N, 
7810'W, Patterson and Albuja, Geonet lists 
a Chinchin Lima at 0003'N, 7817'W) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus, 4000 m 
Chiquitos; Santa Cruz, Bolivia (1800'S, 6600'W, 
Anderson, 1997) 
Micoureus constantiae 
Monodelphis domestica 
Chiriaco, 43 km NE; Amazonas, Peru (Chiriaco 
= 0510'S, 7818'W, Geonet) 
Philander opossum, 328 m 
Chirimoto; Amazonas, Peru (0631'S, 7724'W, 
Stephens and Traylor, 1983) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 5400 ft (= 1680 m) 

(Rio Huambo) 
Micoureus regina, 2100 m 
Chiruli; Zulia, Venezuela (0909'N, 7104'W, 
Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Chisqufo; Cauca, Colombia (0229'N, 7652'W, 
Paynter, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1800 m 
Chiva-Chiva; Panama, Panama (0902'N, 
7935'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Choachf; Cundinamarca, Colombia (0432'N, 
7356'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Didelphis albiventris, 1970 m 
Chompoton (see La Tuxpena); Campeche, Mexico 
Chongoncito, near Guayaquil; Guayas, Ecuador 
(0214'S, 8005'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Marmosa robinsoni, ca. 100 m 
Chontales (Department); Nicaragua (Center of 
Department = 1205'N, 8510'W, USBGN) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 



200 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 






Choro (see Choros); Cochabamba, Bolivia 
Choros (= Choro); Cochabamba, Bolivia 
(1656'S, 6642'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Monodelphis osgoodi, 3500 m 
Choroni; Aragua, Venezuela (1029'N, 6737'W, 
Paynter, 1982) 
Chironectes minimus 
Chorrera de Vegas; Amazonas, Venezuela (ca. 
0323'N, 6536'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 4700 ft (= 1460 m) 
Chos-Malal; Neuquen, Argentina (3723'S, 
7016'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Thylamys pallidior, 805 m 
Chospiyoc (see Chospyoc); Cusco, Peru 
Chospyoc (= Chospiyoc); Cusco, Peru (ca. 
1316'S, 7221'W, Stephens and Traylor, 
1983) 
Didelphis albiventris, 10000 ft (= 3125 m) 
Chota; Imbabura, Ecuador (0029'N, 7804'W, 
Paynter, 1993) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Choya, 13 km NNW of Andalgala; Catarnarca, 
Argentina (2732'S, 6624'W, Mares et all, 
1997) 
Didelphis albiventris, 1219 m 
Chulumani (= Culumani); La Paz, Bolivia 
(1624'S, 6731'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 2000 m, 2200 m 
Philander opossum 
Chumbicha; Catarnarca, Argentina (2852'S, 
6614'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Thylamys pallidior, 415 m, 457 m, 460 m, 
600 m 
Churi-Tepui, 85 km SE of El Dorado; Bolivar, Ve- 
nezuela (0513'N, 6154'W, Geonet) 
Marmosops pinheiroi 
Churuli, Caja Seca; Zulia, Venezuela (0909'N, 
7104'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Philander opossum 
Chuyayacu, 2 km E; Chuquisaca, Bolivia 
(1943'S, 6351'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Micoureus constantiae 
Ciadade Mineradoras Brasileiras Reunidos, Ibicuf, 
Mangaratiba (see Mangaratiba); Rio de Ja- 
neiro, Brazil 
Cidade Caete (= Caete, Cidade); Minas Gerais, 
Brazil (1952'S, 4340'W, Varejao and Valle, 
1982) 
Didelphis aurita, 940 m, ca. 1 100 m 
Cincinati (= Valparaiso); Magdalena, Colombia 
(1109'N, 7406'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 4500-5500 ft (= 1400- 
1700 m) 



Marmosa robinsoni 
Cinco Rancho, 28 km NE of Icabarii; Bolivar, Ve- 
nezuela (Icabani = 0420'N, 6145'W, Geo- 
net) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 775 m 
Cinincay (see Cuenca); Azuay, Ecuador 
Cituro; Darien, Panama (0800'N, 7736'W, Wen- 
zel and Tipton, 1966) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Ciudad Bolivar; Bolivar, Venezuela (0808'N, 
6333'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Caluromys philander, ca. 100 m 
Didelphis marsupialis, ca. 100 m 
Marmosa murina, ca. 100 m 
Marmosa robinsoni, ca. 100 m 
Monodelphis brevicaudata, ca. 100 m 
Ciudad Cortes (see Puerto Cortez); Puntarenas, 

Costa Rica 
Ciudade de Sao Goncalo do Rio Abaixo (= Fa- 
zenda de Cascata = Esta?ao de Pesquisas de 
Peti = Sao Goncalo do Rio Abaixo); Minas 
Gerais, Brazil (1951'S, 4315'W, Varejao 
and Valle, 1982) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Didelphis aurita (1950'S, 4324'W) 
Marmosa incanus 
Ciudad Guayana (= San Felix), right bank Rib 
Orinoco; Bolivar, Venezuela (0823'N, 
6240'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Caluromys philander, 20 m 
Ciudad Victoria, 70 km S (= El Carrizo); Tamau- 
lipas, Mexico (2344'N, 9908'W, Geonet) 
Philander opossum, 758 m, 2500 ft (= 780 m) 
Clarines, 14 km W; Anzoategui, Venezuela 
(0957'N, 6518'W, Handley, 1976) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 100 m 
Clarksdale, Demerara River (see New Saint Eu- 
statius); Essequibo Islands-West Demerara, 
Guyana 
Clemente Onelli, E of; Rio Negro, Argentina 
(4114'S, 7001'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Lestodelphys halli, 95 1 m 
Clevia, W bank Suriname River (= Plantation 
Clevia), NE of "De Morgenstond"; Com- 
mewijne, Suriname (0552'N, 5506'W, Geo- 
net) 
Caluromys philander 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosa murina (0550'N, 5510'W) 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Philander opossum 
Club Campestre, 1 mi S of El Poblado; Antioquia, 
Colombia (El Poblado - 0613'N, 7534'W, 
Paynter, 1997) 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



201 



Didelphis marsupialis 
Coast Hills; Valparaiso, Chile (not located) 

Thylamys elegans 
Coban: Alta Verapaz. Guatemala (1529'N. 
9022'W, Geonet) 
Marmosa mexicana 
Philander opossum 
Cobija. 10 km S: Pando. Bolivia (1102'S, 
6844'W, Paynter. 1992) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Cocal. upper Rio San Juan; Cauca. Colombia 
(0231'N, 77WW, Paynter. 1997 and Hersh- 
kovitz, 1997) 
Philander opossum, 125 m. 187 m 
Cochabamba. cerca de; Cochabamba. Bolivia 
(1724'S, 6609'W, Paynter. 1992) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Thylamys venustus, 2557 m 
Cochabamba. km 5 from Camino; Santa Cruz. 
Bolivia (1747'S. 6312'W. Paynter, 1992) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Cocha Cashu; Madre de Dios, Peru (ca. H5rS, 
7119'W. Stephens and Traylor. 1983) 
Glironia venusta, 380 m 
Metachirus nudieaudatus, 380 m (N bank Rio 

Manu) 
Micoureus regina, 380 m 
Philander opossum, 380 m 
Cocha Cashu Biological Station, ca. 80 mi up- 
stream from mouth of Rio Manu. Parque Na- 
cional del Manu; Madre de Dios. Peru (ca. 
H51'S, 7119'W, Stephens and Traylor. 
1983) 
Caluromys lanatus, ca. 400 m 
Caluromysiops irrupta, 400 m 
Chironectes minimus 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Mannosops noctivagus 
Micoureus demerarae 
Cocoli; Panama. Panama (0859'N, 7935'W, 
Geonet) 
Philander opossum 
Cocollar; Monagas. Venezuela (1010'N, 
6347'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 800 m. 1 100 m 
Cocos; Maranhao, Brazil (0435'S. 4340'W. 
Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Gracilinanus agilis, 72 m 
Marmosa murina, 72 m 
Coco Solo: Colon, Panama (0922'N. 7954'W. 
Geonet) 
Philander opossum 
Codajas; Amazonas, Brazil (0350'S, 6205'W. 
Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 



Gracilinanus emiliae 
Marmosa murina, 38 m (Rio Solimoes) 
Micoureus demerarae, 38 m (Rio Solimoes) 
Codo; Maranhao, Brazil (0429'S. 4353'W. Payn- 
ter and Traylor, 1991) 
Marmosa murina, 58 m 
Coiba Island (see Isla Coiba): Veraguas. Panama 
Colima; Cuscatlan. El Salvador (1403'N. 
8908'W. Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Collon Cura: Neuquen, Argentina (4007'S. 
7044'W, Paynter. 1985) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Colocacao Vira-Volta. left bank Rio Jurua; Ama- 
zonas. Brazil (0317'S. 6614'W. Patton et al., 
2000) 
Caluromys lanatus (on Igarape Arabidi) 
Mannosops impavidus 
Mannosops panidens 
Metachirus nudieaudatus 
Micoureus demerarae 
Colomi, 5 km N: Cochabamba. Bolivia (1721'S, 
6552'W, Paynter. 1994) 
Didelphis albiventris. 3270 m 
Colon; Colon. Panama (0921'N. 7954'W, Geo- 
net) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Colon; Montevideo. Uruguay (3448'S, 5614'W, 
Paynter. 1994) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Monodelphis dimidiata 
Colon (see San Juan de Colon): Tachira. Vene- 
zuela 
Colon and Code. W of; Veraguas, Panama (not 
located) 
Mannosa mexicana 
Colonia Agn'cola de Caracolicito (de Santa Mar- 
ta). Rio Ariguani: Cesar. Colombia (Caracol- 
icito = 1012'N. 7358'W. Paynter, 1997) 
Caluromys lanatus, 335 m 
Didelphis marsupialis, 335-400 m 
Colonia Agricola Turen (= Colonia Turen): Por- 
tuguesa. Venezuela (0915'N. 6905'W. Geo- 
net) 
Chironectes minimus, 130 m 
Didelphis marsupialis, 130 m 
Colonia Alocar (see Colonia Alvear): Mendoza, 

Argentina 
Colonia Alpina. 16 km N of Teresopolis; Rio de 
Janeiro. Brazil (Teresopolis = 2226'S, 
4259'W, Paynter and Traylor. 1991) 
Didelphis aurita 
Chironectes minimus 
Colonia Alvear (= Colonia Alocar = General Al- 



202 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



vear); Mendoza, Argentina (3458'S, 6742'W, 
Geonet) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Colonia de Agrfcola de Caracolicito; (see Colonia 
de Agrfcola de Santa Marta); Magdalena, Co- 
lombia 
Colonia de Agrfcola de Santa Marta (= Colonia 
de Agrfcola de Caracolicito); Magdalena, Co- 
lombia (Santa Marta = 1115'N, 7413'W, 
Paynter, 1997) 
Chironectes minimus 
Colonia do Prata (see Igarape Acu); Para, Brazil 
Colonia Hansa (see Corupa); Santa Catarina, Bra- 
zil 
Colonia Mennonita (= Mennoniten Kolinien); 
Boqueron, Paraguay (2330'S, 6000'W, 
Paynter, 1989) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Colonia Nueva Italia, Vileta; Central, Paraguay 
(2537'S, 5730'W, Paynter, 1989) 
Gracilinanus agilis 
Lutreolina crassicaudata, 100 m 
Colonia Somerfield #11; Caaguazu, Paraguay 
(2526'S, 5543'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis albiventris, 375 m 
Didelphis marsupialis, 375 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Colonia Suiza; Colonia, Uruguay (3419'S, 
5713'W, USBGN) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Colonia Turen (see Colonia Agrfcola Turen); Por- 

tuguesa, Venezuela 
Colonnello; Zulia, Venezuela (not located) 

Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Comaccka (see Takama); Upper Demerara-Ber- 

bice, Guyana 
Comackka, 80 mi up Demerara River (see Taka- 
ma); Upper Demerara-Berbice, Guyana 
Comallo; Rio Negro, Argentina (4102'S, 
7016'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Lestodelphys halli 
Comarapa, 25 km W; Cochabamba, Bolivia 
(1751'S, 6440'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Graciliananus agilis 
Comarapa, 5 km SE; Santa Cruz, Bolivia 
(1758'S, 6429'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Thylamya pallidior 
Comarapa, 6 km S, 10 km E; Santa Cruz, Bolivia 
(1757'S, 6424'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Didelphis albiventris, 1527 m 
Thylamya pallidior 
Comarapa, 15 km W; Santa Cruz, Bolivia 
(1753'S, 6435'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Didelphis albiventris, 2700 m 



Combe; Suburb of Paramaribo, Suriname (Para- 
maribo = 0550'N, 5511'W, Stephens and 
Tray lor, 1985) 
Caluromys philander 
"Comechatiba" (see Ponta Cumuruxatiba); Ba- 

hia, Brazil 
Comisarfa del Vichada; Vichada, Colombia 
(0515'N, 6752'W, Boher Bentti, 1988) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata, 100 m 
Comitan, 20 mi W; Chiapas, Mexico (1615'N, 
9208'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Commewijne River; Commewijne, Suriname 
(0554'N, 5505'W, Geonet) 
Philander opossum 
Comodoro Rivadavia (see Estancia Machijada); 

Chubut, Argentina 
Comoxatiba (see Ponta Cumuruxatiba); Bahia, 

Brazil 
Comunidade Colina, right bank Rio Tiquie, Mun- 
icfpio Sao Gabriel da Cachoeira; Amazonas, 
Brazil (0072'N, 6004'W, Patton et al., 2000) 
Micoureus demerarae 
Philander andersoni 
Complejo Astronomico El Leoncito; San Juan, 
Argentina (not located) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Conceicao; Roraima, Brazil (0211'N, 6057'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Conceicao do Araguaia, left bank Rio Araguaia; 
Para, Brazil (0815'S, 4917'W, Paynter and 
Traylor, 1991) 
Caluromys philander 
Conceicao do Mato Dentro; Minas Gerais, Brazil 
(1901'S, 4325'W, Paynter and Traylor, 
1991) 
Marmosops incanus, 800 m 
Ph dander frenata 
Concepcion; Concepcidn, Paraguay (2325'S, 
5717'W, Paynter, 1989) 
Gracilinanus agilis, 175 m (2320'S, 5725'W) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Concepcion (see Concepcion del Mar); Esquintla, 

Guatamala 
Concepcion; Tucuman, Argentina (2720'S, 
6535'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Didelphis albiventris, 400 m (2720'S, 

6530'W) 
Monodelphis dimidiata 
Thylamys venustus, ca. 400 m 
Concepcion, 2 mi E; Chiriquf, Panama (0831'N, 
8237'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



203 



Concepcion del Mar (= Concepcion); Esquintla, 
Guatemala (1412'N. 9118'W. Geonet) 
Philander opossum 
Concepcion de San Rafael: Heredia. Costa Rica 
(1002'N. 8404'W, USBGN) 
Micoureus alstoni. 1500 m 
Concordia: Antioquia. Colombia (0603'N. 
7555'W. Paynter. 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1740-2030 m 
Condoto. Rio Condoto. tributary of Rio San Juan: 
Choco. Colombia (0506'N, 7637'W. Payn- 
ter. 1997) 
Marmosa robinsoni, 70 m 
Philander opossum, 300 ft (= 90 m) 
Contamana; Loreto. Peru (0720'S, 7501 'W. Geo- 
net) 
Marmosa murina, 134 m (right bank Rio Uca- 

yali) 
Marmosops impavidus, 134 m (Rio Ucayali) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus. 500 ft (= 150 m) 

(NE bank Rio Ucayali) 
Micoureus regina, 134 m (right bank Rio Uca- 
yali) 
Contao. Palena. Rio Negro. 19.7 km N. 26.7 km 
S: Los Lagos. Chile (4158'S. 7238'W, Mes- 
erve et al.. 1991) 
Dromiciops gliroides, 200 m 
Rhyncholestes raphanurus, 200 m (19.7 km N. 
11.1 km WNW of Rio Negro, and 26.7 km 
S of Contao) 
Contulmo: Biobio. Chile (3800'S. 7314'W. Geo- 
net) 
Dromiciops gliroides. All m 
Coomacka (see Takama); Upper Demerara-West 

Coast Berbice. Guyana 
Copan; Copan. Honduras (1451'N. 8908'W. 
Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Copataza: Pastaza, Ecuador (0207'S. 7727'W. 
Paynter. 1993) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 419 m 
Coray: Valle. Honduras (1339'N, 8731'W. Geo- 
net) 
Philander opossum 
Corazon. forest NW of: Pichincha. Ecuador 
(0032'S, 7839'W. Paynter. 1993) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus 
Cordilera Yuto. 10 km S of Camiri (see Cordillera 

Yuto): Santa Cruz. Bolivia 
Cordillera Balzar (see Montanas de Balzar): Man- 

abi. Ecuador 
Cordillera Basilio. 3.4 km S of Basilio (see Bas- 

ilio); Santa Cruz. Bolivia 
Cordillera Carpish. E slope; Huanuco. Peru (ca. 



0940'S. 7609'W. Stephens and Traylor, 
1983) 
Didelphis albiventris, ca. 2500-3500 m 
Cordillera de Chilla. Taraguacocha: El Oro, Ec- 
uador (0332'S. 7937'W. Paynter, 1993) 
Caenolestes caniventer, 2950 m 
Cordillera de Colconche, near Manglaralto: Guay- 
as. Ecuador (0020'S, 8020'W, Paynter, 
1993) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Cordillera de La Rusia (see Cordillera de Rusia): 

Bocaya/Santander. Colombia 
Cordillera de los Andes: Biobio. Chile (3656'S, 
7122'W. USBGN) 
Dromiciops gliriodes 
Cordillera de Merida. S of Lago de Maracaibo: 
Merida, Venezuela (ca. 0830'N. 7140'W, 
Geonet) 
Monodelphis adusta, 1000 m 
Cordillera de Rusia (= Cordillera de La Rusia = 
La Rusia = Paramo de La Rusia); BocayaV 
Santander, Colombia (0559'N, 7305'W. 
Paynter. 1997) 
Caluromys lanatus, 4320 m 
Cordilleras del Transito. near Vallenar; Atacama, 
Chile (Vallenar = 2834'S, 7045'W, Geonet) 
Thylamys elegans 
Cordillera Yuti (= Cordilera Yuto), 10 km S of 
Camiri: Santa Cruz, Bolivia (2015'S, 
6330'W, Anderson. 1997) 
Thylamys venustus 
Cordoba, 3 mi SE of Yongas; Veracruz-Llave, 
Mexico (1854'N. 9656'W. Geonet) 
Philander opossum 
Cornes. 30 mi above Rio Viejo; Veraguas, Pana- 
ma (Rio Viejo = 0744'N. 8101'W, Geonet) 
Chironectes minimus 
Corn Islands (see Islas del Maiz): Zelaya. Nica- 
ragua 
Coro, 49 km N. 32 km W; Falcon, Venezuela 
(1149'N. 6957'W. Lopez-Fuster et al.. 
2000) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Coronel Oviedo; Caaguazii. Paraguay (2525'S, 
5627'W. USBGN) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Coropina Kreek. near Republiek: Commewijne, 
Suriname (0532'N. 5510'W. Geonet) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Corosha: Amazonas, Peru (0550'S. 7745'W, Ste- 
phens and Traylor, 1983) 
Didelphis albiventris, 6900 ft (= 2150 m) 
Corozal Army Reservation (see Corozal); Pana- 
ma. Panama 



204 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Corozal (= Corozal Army Reservation); Panama, 
Panama (0858'N, 7935'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Corozal, Parque Nacional "El Avila"; Distrito 
Federal, Venezuela (1033'N, 6657'W, Geo- 
net) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosops fuscatus 
Monodelphis palliolata 
Corral Quemado Formation; Catamarca, Argenti- 
na (Corral Quemado = 2708'S, 6657'W, 
Paynter, 1985) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Corrientes; Corrientes, Argentina (2758'S, 
5850'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Didelphis albiventris, 55 m (20 km SE of Cor- 
rientes) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata (left bank Rio Parana) 
Cortada del Guayabo; Miranda, Venezuela 
(1021'N, 6654'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Monodelphis palliolata 
Cortes (see Puerto Cortez); Puntarenas, Costa 

Rica 
Corumba; Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil (1901'S, 
5739'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis albiventris, 115 m 
Philander opossum (W bank Rio Paraguay) 
Corupa (= Colonia Hansa = Hansa = Humboldt); 
Santa Catarina, Brazil, (2626'S, 4914'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Chironectes minimus, 62 m 
Didelphis aurita 
Gracilinanus microtarsus (ca. 2630'S, 

5030'W) 
Micoureus demerarae, 62 m 
Monodelphis iheringi 
Philander frenata 
Cosanga, Rio Aliso; Napo, Ecuador (0034'N, 
7752'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus 
Cosiguina; Chinandega, Nicaragua (1255'N, 
8730'W, Geonet) 
Philander opossum 
Costa da Serra; Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil (not 
located) 
Chironectes minimus 
Costao dos Engenhos; Sao Paulo, Brazil (2441'S, 
4725'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Philander frenata 
Cotia, 12 km W of Sao Paulo; Sao Paulo, Brazil 
(Sao Paulo = 2330'S, 4630'W, Paynter and 
Traylor, 1991) 



Philander frenata 
Cotoca, 2 km SE; Santa Cruz, Bolivia (1746'S, 
6258'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Philander opossum 
Coxim; Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil (1830'S, 
5445'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Crasto; Sergipe, Brazil (1125'S, 3725'W, 
USBGN) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 10 m 
Crato; Ceara, Brazil (0714'S, 3923'W, Paynter 
and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis albiventris, ATI m 
Gracilinanus emiliae, ATI m, 427 m 
Monodelphis domestica, ATI m (Sitio Constan- 
tino, Sitio Olaria) 
Crique Tigre; French Guiana (0538'-0458'N, 
5358'-5302'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis albiventris (Petit Saut) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Cristalina; Goias, Brazil (1645'S, 4736'W, Payn- 
ter and Traylor, 1991) 
Gracilinanus agilis, 1 1 89 m (12 km NE of 

Cristalina) 
Monodelphis domestica 
Cristobal; Colon, Panama (0921'N, 7954'W, 
Geonet) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Philander opossum 
"Crovetto Field", ca. 6 km N of Balcarce; Buenos 
Aires, Argentina (3751'S, 5816'W, Mares 
and Braun, 2000) 
Monodelphis diminiata, 100 m 
Cruz del Eje; Cordoba, Argentina (3044'S, 
6448'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Didelphis albiventris, 457 m 
Cruzeiro (near Brasilia); Distrito Federal, Brazil 
(Brazilia = 1547'S, 4755'W, Paynter and 
Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis marsupialis, ca. 1 1 00 m 
Cruzeiro; Sao Paulo, Brazil (2235'S, 4445'W, 
Hershkovitz files) 
Didelphis albiventris, 530 m 
Didelphis aurita, 530 m 
Cuabre (= Cubre); Limon, Costa Rica (0936'N, 
8247'W, Geonet) 
Micoureus alstoni (30 km S of Limon) 
Cuan Creek; Bocas del Toro, Panama (0912'N, 
8217'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Cuartal Zaraza-San Juan de los Morros; Guarico, 
Venezuela (0955'N, 6722'W, Perez-Hernan- 
dez, 1989) 
Monodelphis brevicaudata, 530 m 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



205 



Cuarto Rio Victoria, Rt. 14, km 265; Misiones, 
Argentina (not located) 
Chironectes minimus 
Cuba; Limon, Costa Rica (Rio Cuba = 1001'N, 
8311'W, Geonet) 
Micoureus alstoni 
Cubre (see Cuabre); Limon, Costa Rica 
Cucao, Isla Chiloe; Los Lagos, Chile (4238'S, 
7407'W, Geonet) 
Dromiciops gliroides 
Rhyncholestes raphanurus 
Cuchivano; Sucre, Venezuela (ca. 1015'N, 
6355'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 200 m 
Marmosa robinsoni, 213 m 
Cuenca (= Cinincay); Azuay, Ecuador (0253'S, 
7859'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Didelphis albiventris, 8400 ft (= 2600 m) 
Cuesta del Huron, 29 km W of Cineguillas, on 
road 64; Jujuy, Argentina (2216'S, 6603'W, 
Flores et al., 2000) 
Thylamys pallidior, 3835 m 
Cuiaba (= Angaba = Cuyaba); Mato Grosso, Bra- 
zil (1535'S, 5605'W, Paynter and Traylor, 
1991) 
Didelphis albiventris, 219 m (4-10 km NW, 10 

km N) 
Monodelphis domestica, 450 m 
Philander opossum (10 km N) 
Culata (see La Culata); Merida, Venezuela 
Culiacan; Sinaloa, Mexico (2447'N, 10723'W, 
Geonet) 
Marmosa canescens 
Culturutuin (see Cultuurtuin, Agricultural Exper- 
imental Station); Paramaribo, Suriname 
Cultuurtuin (= Culturutuin), Agricultural Experi- 
mental Station; Paramaribo, Suriname 
(0550'N, 5511'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Caluromys philander 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosa murina 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Philander opossum 
Culumani (see Chulumani); La Paz, Bolivia 
Cumaca (= Cummacca); St. Andrew, Trinidad 
and Tobago (1042'N, 6109'W, Handley and 
Gordon, 1979) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosops fuscatus 
Cumana; Sucre, Venezuela (1028'N, 6410'W, 
Geonet) 
Caluromys philander, 25-30 m (21 km E of 
Cumana) 



Didelphis marsupialis, 0-30 m (24 km E of 

Cumana) 
Marmosa robinsoni, 1-50 m (16-21 km E of 
Cumana) 
Cumanacoa; Sucre, Venezuela (1015'N, 
6355'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Didelphis albiventris, 200 m 
Cumana (= Cumeria); Ucayali, Peru (0951'S, 
7401'W, Geonet) 
Philander andersoni, 303 m 
Philander opossum, 1000 ft (= 300 m) 
Cumbre #1, Cerro Duida; Amazonas, Venezuela 
(Cerro Duida = 0325'N, 6540'W, Paynter, 
1982) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1400 m 
Cumbre #13, Despilodero, Cerro Duida (see Des- 
filadero, Cumbre #13); Amazonas, Venezuela 
Cumbre #15, Cerro Duida; Amazonas, Venezuela 
(Cerro Duida = 0325'N, 6540'W, Paynter, 
1982) 
Didelphis albiventris, 6600 ft (= 2060 m) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 2000 m (Soma #15) 
Cumbre del Cerro, Marahuaca; Amazonas, Ve- 
nezuela (0334'N, 6527'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis albiventris, 2550 m 
Cumeria (see Cumana); Ucayali, Peru 
Cummacca (see Cumaca); St. Andrew, Trinidad 

and Tobago 
Cumuruxatiba (see Ponta Cumuruxatiba); Bahia, 

Brazil 
Cupa (= Montanas de Cupa); Esmeraldas, Ecua- 
dor (0026'N, 7925'W, Baker, 1974) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Curacautin (near Rio Colorado); Araucania, Chile 
(3826'S, 7153'W, Geonet) 
Dromiciops gliroides, 900 m, 1035 m 
Curitiba; Parana, Brazil (2525'S, 4918'W, Ca- 
ceres and Montero-Filho, 1998) 
Didelphis aurita 
Curques, 24 km N of Susques on road 74; Jujuy, 
Argentina (2314'S, 6623'W, Flores et al., 
2000) 
Thylamys pallidior, 4100 m 
Curuguaty; Canendiyu, Paraguay (2431'S, 
5542'W, Paynter, 1989) 
Didelphis albiventris 

Caluromys lanatus (13.3 km N of Curuguaty) 
Chironectes minimus (6.3 km N of Curuguaty) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Curundu; Panama, Panama (0859'N, 7933'W, 
Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Didelphis marsupialis 



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FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Philander opossum 
Curupao; Miranda, Venezuela (1030'N, 6638'W, 
Paynter, 1982) 
Caluromys philander, 1 1 60 m 
Marmosa robinsoni, 1130-1190 m 
Marmosops fuscatus, 1160m 
Micoureus demerarae, 1150-1160 m 
Monodelphis palliolata, 1160m 
Cusco; Cusco, Peru (1331'S, 7159'W, Stephens 
and Traylor, 1983) 
Didelphis albiventris, 3496 m 
Cuyaba (see Cuiaba); Mato Grosso, Brazil 
Cuyagua; Aragua, Venezuela (1029'N, 6742'W, 
Geonet) 
Chironectes minimus 
Cuyambuyo; Tarija, Bolivia (2216'S, 6433'W, 
Anderson, 1997) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Thylamys venustus 
Cylindro, NE of Boquete; Bocas del Toro, Pana- 
ma (Boquete = 0910'N, 8216'W, Geonet) 
Marmosops invictus, 1220+ m 

D 

Dabeiba; Antioquia, Colombia (0701'N, 
7616'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 600 m 
Dadanawa, 15 km E; Upper Takutu-Upper Esse- 
quibo, Guyana (0250'N, 5931'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 150 m 
Gracilinanus emiliae 
Dagua (= Caldas); Valle del Cauca, Colombia 
(0340'N, 7641'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 816 m 
Daule; Guayas, Ecuador (0150'S, 7956'W, 
Paynter, 1993) 
Didelphis marsupialis, sea level 
Delta del Parana; Buenos Aires, Argentina 
(3343'S, 5915'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Delta del Parana (see Brazo Largo); Entre Rfos, 

Argentina 
Demerara River, 29 mi above Georgetown; De- 
merara-Mahaica, Guyana (Georgetown = 
0648'N, 5810'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosa murina 
"De Morgenstond" (= Morgenstond = Plantage 
de Morgenstond), NE Paramaribo, left bank 
Suriname River; Paramaribo, Suriname 
(0551'N, 5508'W Geonet) 
Marmosa murina 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 



Departamento Capital; Salta, Argentina (not lo- 
cated) 
Thylamys pusilla 
Department of General Belgrano; Misiones, Ar- 
gentina (not precisely located) 
Chironectes minimus 
Desaguadero; Mendoza, Argentina (3325'S, 
6511'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Deseado, General Balgano; Misiones, Argentina 
(2547'S, 5403'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis aurita 
Desfiladero, Cumbre #13 (= Cumbre #13, Des- 
pilodero = Despilodero); Amazonas, Vene- 
zuela (ca. 0319'N, 6535'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Didelphis albiventris, 6200 ft (= 1930 m) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1825 m 
Despilodero (see Desfiladero, Cumbre #13); Ama- 
zonas, Venezuela 
Dique de Cadillal (see El Cadillal Dike); Tucu- 

man, Argentina 
Dique Escaba; Tucuman, Argentina (2740'S, 
6546'W, Mares et al., 1966) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Diriamba; Choluteca, Nicaragua (1 151 'N, 
8614'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Didelphis marsupialis, 600 m 
Philander opossum, 600 m 
Divala; Chiriquf, Panama (0825'N, 8243'W, 
Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Divisadero; Morazan, El Salvador (1336'N, 
8803'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 750 ft (= 230 m), 1000 

ft (= 300 m) 
Philander opossum (2 mi N of Divisadero) 
Doctor Facundo Zuvina (see Zuviria); Salta, Ar- 
gentina 
Dois Hermanos (see Dois Irmaos); Pernambuco, 

Brazil 
Dois Irmaos (= Dois Hermanos = Hermanos); 
Pernambuco, Brazil (ca. 0803'S, 3554'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosa murina 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Micoureus demerarae 
Monodelphis americana 
Monodelphis domestica 
Dolavon, ca. 200 km W; Chubut, Argentina 
(3439'S, 6807'W, Mares and Braun, 2000) 
Thylamys pallidior 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



207 



Dolavon, 280 km W; Chubut, Argentina (4345'S, 
6857'W, Mares and Braun, 2000) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Dominical, 0.5 mi N; Puntarenas, Costa Rica 
(0915'N, 8352'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Don Amo [Donama], Sierra Nevada de Santa 
Marta; Magdalena, Colombia (ca. 1115'N, 
7358'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 1000 ft (= 300 m) 
Dos Caminos (see Los Dos Caminos); Guarico, 

Venezuela 
Dos Ramon, Rancho Grande (see Estacion Biol- 
ogica de Rancho Grande); Aragua, Venezuela 
Douradoquara; Minas Gerais, Brazil (1828'S, 
4735'W, Varejao and Valle, 1982) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Dourados; Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil (2213'S, 
5448'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis albiventris (25 km S of Dourados) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus (12 km N of Doura- 
dos) 
Philander opossum 
Dragones; Salta, Argentina (2315'S, 6321'W, 
Geonet) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Thylamys pusilla 
Dubulay Ranch; Upper Demerara-Berbice, Guy- 
ana (not precisely located, but Dubulay = 
0537'N, 5732'W, USBGN) 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Duefias (see San Miguel Duefias); Suchitepequez, 

Guatemala 
Dunoon; Demerara-Mahaica; Guyana (0626'N, 
5818'W, Geonet) 
Marmosa murina 
Duraznillar (= El Duraznillar), Parque Nacional 
Calilegua; Jujuy, Argentina (2335'-2400'S, 
6430'-6500'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Thylamys venustus, 2500 m 

E 

Ebano; San Luis Potosf, Mexico (2213'N, 
9822'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Eirunepe (see Joao Pessoa, Amazonas, Brazil) 
Ejido Santa Isabel; Tamaulipas, Mexico (23 C 14'N, 
9900'W, Gardner, 1973) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
El Alto, Valle de Suaza; Huila, Colombia (ca. 
0307'N, 7523'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
El Arenal (see Arenal); Jujuy, Argentina 



El Bracho; Tucuman, Argentina (2659'S, 
6511'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Thylamys pallidior, 400 m 
Thylamys pusilla, 400 m 
El Breal, 6 km SW of Santa Victoria (= Riva- 
davia); Salta, Argentina (Santa Victoria = 
2215'S, 6458'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Didelphis albiventris, 2000 m 
El Cadillal, Aguas Chiquitas, Sierras de Medina; 
Tucuman, Argentina (2637'S, 6212'W, Ma- 
res et al., 1996) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Thylamys pallidior 
Thylamys pusilla 
Thylamys venustus 
El Cadillal Dike (= Dique de Cadillal), 25 km 
NW of San Miguel de Tucuman; Tucuman, 
Argentina (2637'S, 6512'W, Mares et al., 
1966) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Thylamys pallidior, 700 m 
Thylamys pusilla, 1 00 m 
El Cajon; Tucuman, Argentina (2632'S, 6452'W, 
Mares et al., 1966) 
Didelphis albiventris 
El Callao (see El Peru); Bolivar, Venezuela 
El Callao (see Challao); Mendoza, Argentina 
El Candelo, Tucuragua; Cojedas, Venezuela 
(0953'N, 6839'W, Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Monodelphis palliolata, 640 m 
El Carmen, near, a campground on Highway 9; 
Jujuy, Argentina (2428'S, 6521'W, Flores et 
al., 2000) 
Thylamys venustus, 4600 ft (= 440 m) 
El Carmen, Rfo Blanco; Beni, Bolivia (1357'S, 
6343'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Philander opossum 
El Carrizo, 2 km W and 70 km S of Ciudad Vic- 
toria, on Pan American Highway (see Ciudad 
Victoria); Tamaulipas, Mexico 
El Castillo, near Mindo; Pichincha, Ecuador 
(Mindo = 0002'S, 7848'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Caenolestes convelatus 
El Cerro del Oropuche (= Heights of Ourepouche 
= Oropuche); St. David, Trinidad and Tobago 
(1046'N, 6109'W, USBGN) 
Didelphis marsupialis 

Marmosa robinsoni (Victoria, ca. 1015'N, 
6133'W) 
El Chaupi, NW of; Pichincha, Ecuador (0036'S, 
7831'W, Geonet) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus, 3410 m 
El Chiral; El Oro, Ecuador (0338'S, 7941'W, 
Paynter, 1993) 



208 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Caenolestes caniventer, 5350 ft (= 1670 m) 
Didelphis albiventris, 5350 ft (= 1670 m) 
Philander opossum, 5350 ft (= 1670 m) 
(0339'S, 7943'W) 
El Colorado; Formosa, Argentina (2618'S, 
5922'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
El Consejo, 10 km NE; Aragua, Venezuela 
(1014'N, 6716'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Chironectes minimus, ca. 600 m 
El Contento; Cordoba, Colombia (0908'N, 
7532'W, Adler et al., 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosa robinsoni 
El Corazon; Pichincha, Ecuador (0032'S, 
7839'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Didelphis albiventris, 4191 m 
"El Corte"; Maldonado, Uruguay (ca. 3440'S, 
5455'W, Paynter, 1994) 
Didelphis albiventris, 100 m 
El Cruce; Misiones, Argentina (not located) 

Monodelphis dimidiata 
El Destino, Rio Cuaque (= Rio Coaque); Manabi, 
Ecuador (Rio Coaque = 0001'N, 8006'W, 
Paynter, 1993) 
Marmosa robinsoni, 900 m 
El Dividive (see El Dividivi); Trujillo, Venezuela 
El Dividivi (= El Dividive); Trujillo, Venezuela 
(0929'N, 7044'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Philander opossum, 90 m 
El Dorado; Misiones, Argentina (2624'S, 
5438'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Didelphis albiventris 
El Dorado, 65 km SSE (also see km 121 and 125); 
Bolivar, Venezuela (0644'N, 6138'W, Payn- 
ter, 1982) 
Marmosops pinheiroi 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
El Duraznillar (see Duraznillar); Jujuy, Argentina 
El Eden, Parque Nacional "El Avila"; Distrito 
Federal, Venezuela (1031'N, 6652'W, Perez- 
Hernandez, 1989) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1500 m 
Marmosops fuscatus 
Monodelphis palliolata, 1500 m 
El Encantado, Hacienda El Limon; Distrito Fed- 
eral, Venezuela (1029'N, 6705'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1500 m 
Gracilinanus marica, 1500 m 
El Encino, 10 km S of Rio Sabinas; Tamaulipas, 
Mexico (ca. 2240'N, 9916'W, Alvarez, 
1963) 
Philander opossum, 400 ft (= 125 m) 



El Estor-Los Dantas; Izabal, Guatemala (El Estor 
= 1532'N, 8921'W, Geonet) 
Philander opossum, 100 ft (= 30 m) 
El Guayabal (see Guayabal); Norte de Santander, 

Colombia 
El Guri (see El Manteco); Bolivar, Venezuela 
El Hatillo, La Union; Miranda, Venezuela 
(1022'N, 6648'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis, ca. 200 m 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Monodelphis palliolata 
El Hato, Antisana; Pichincha, Ecuador (0000'S, 
7807'W, Geonet) 
Caenolestes convelatus, 4100 m 
El Higo, 6.5 km NNW; Veracruz-Llave, Mexico 
(2146'N, 9828'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
El Indio, Ruta 307; Tucuman, Argentina (2702'S, 
6540'W, Mares et al., 1996) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
El Junquito (= Carretera El Junquito); Distrito 
Federal, Venezuela (1028'N, 6705'W, Geo- 
net) 
Gracilinanus marica, 1000 m 
Marmosops fuscatus, 1000 m 
El Manaco; Bolivar, Venezuela (0619'-0609'N, 
6122'-6119'W, Handley, 1976) 
Marmosa murina, 150 m 
Monodelphis brevicaudata, 150 m 
El Mangrullo; Chaco, Argentina (not located) 

Thylamys pusilla 
El Mante; Tamaulipas, Mexico (2244'N, 
9858'W) 
Philander opossum 
El Manteco (= El Guri); Bolivar, Venezuela 
(0739'N, 6250'W, Geonet) 
Micoureus demerarae 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
El Monolito (see Abra de Cafias); Jujuy, Argen- 
tina 
El Muneco; Cartago, Costa Rica (0948'N, 
8355'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 3800 ft (= 1180 m), 
4200 ft (= 1300 m) 
El Naranjo (= Naranjos); San Luis Potosi, Mexico 
(2232'N, 9920'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
El Orinoco, Rio Cesar; Cesar, Colombia (10 10'N, 
7324'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
El Palmar, Rio Grande; Boh'var, Venezuela 
(0801'N, 6155'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Philander opossum 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



209 



El Palmar; Santa Cruz, Bolivia (1751'S, 
6320'W. Anderson, 1997) 
Philander opossum 
El Palmar, Sierra de Santa Barbara, 4 Km E; Ju- 
juy. Argentina (ca. 2004'S, 6434'W, Mares 
and Braun, 2000) 
Thylamys vemistus 
El Palmar Road, Ibanez: Santa Cruz, Bolivia 
(1748'S, 6308'W, Anderson. 1997) 
Marmosops dorothea 
Philander opossum, 500 m 
El Panorama. Rio Aurare; Zulia. Venezuela (ca. 
1040'N, 7125'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Didelphis marsupialis, sea level 
El Papayo, 7 km SE of Puebloviejo; Los Ribs. 
Ecuador (Puebloviejo = 0134'S, 7930'W. 
Paynter, 1993) 
Philander opossum 
El Papayo, Rio Saija; Cauca, Colombia (Rio Saija 
= 0252'N, 7741'W, Paynter. 1997) 
Chironectes minimus, 500 m 
El Pauji; Bolivar, Venezuela (0423'N, 6129'W. 
Perez-Hernandez. 1989) 
Didelphis albiventris, 900 m 
El Peru (= El Callao = Peru Mines): Bolivar, Ve- 
nezuela (0719'N, 6149'W, Paynter. 1982) 
Didelphis marsupialis, ca. 200 m 
El Poblado: Antioquia. Colombia (0613'N, 
7534'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
El Pool. Bluefields: Zelaya. Nicaragua (1202'N. 
8344'W. USBGN) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
El Porvenir. 5 km N: Beni, Bolivia (1451'S. 
6621'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Mieoureus constantiae 
El Pueblito (= Pueblo Viejo). N slope of Sierra 
Nevada, Santa Marta; La Guajira. Colombia 
(1059'N, 7327'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Caluromys lanatus, 4000 ft (= 1250 m) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 610 m 
Marmosa robinsoni 
El Quebrachal; Salta. Argentina (2517'S. 
6404'W, Paynter. 1985) 
Didelphis albiventris, 339 m 
El Real: Chiapas. Mexico (1706'N, 9155'W, 
Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1800 ft (= 560 m) 
El Real (= El Real de Santa Maria, Cerro Mali): 
Darien. Panama (0808'N, 7743'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosa robinsoni 
El Real. Cerro Mali (see El Real); Darien. Panama 



El Real de Santa Maria, Cerro Mali (see Real); 

Darien, Panama 
El Recreo; Zelaya, Nicaragua (1210'N. 8419'W, 
Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 

Chironectes minimus, 25 m (S side Rio Mico) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 25 m 
Philander opossum, 20 m 
El Rincon (= Rincon); San Luis, Argentina 
(3221'S, 6459'W. Paynter, 1985) 
Didelphis albiventris 
El Risa de Oro, near Cocahuatel (see Risa de 

Oro): Chiapas. Mexico 
El Roble: Cundinamarca, Colombia (ca. 0423'N, 
7419'W. Paynter, 1997) 
Didelphis albiventris, 2475 m 
Marmosops impavidus, 8000 ft (= 2500 m) 
El Roble; Quindio, Colombia (0441'N, 7536'W, 
Paynter. 1997) 
Marmosops fuscatus, 2175 m 
El Rosario: Zulia, Venezuela (0909'N. 7236'W, 
Handley. 1976) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Didelphis marsupialis, 24-125 m 
Marmosa murina, 24-125 m 
Philander opossum, 24-125 m 
El Salado; Magdalena, Colombia (1028'N, 
7441'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 430 m 
El Salto: San Luis Potosi, Mexico (2236'N, 
9924'W. Gardner, 1973) 
Didelphis marsupialis (Rio Naranja) 
Philander opossum, 2000 ft (= 625 m) (also El 
Salto Falls) 
El Sance Peralta; Costa Rica (not located) 

Philander opossum 
El Simbolar: Jujuy, Argentina (2411'S, 6428'W, 
Flores et al., 2000) 
Thylamys venustus 
El Soche; Cundinamarca. Colombia (0432'N, 
7420'W, Geonet) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus, 2700 m 
El Socorro, cerca de; Guarico. Venezuela 
(0859'N, 6544'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
El Sosneado. 8 km NW; Mendoza, Argentina 
(3500'S. 6938'W. Mares and Braun, 2000) 
Thylamys pallidior 
El Talisman (= Talisman); Chiapas, Mexico 
(1542'N. 9242'W. Geonet) 
Philander opossum. 1 27 m 
El Tirol. NNE of Encarnacion: Itapua. Paraguay 
(Encarnacion = 2720'S. 5554'W, Paynter, 
1989) 



210 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Didelphis marsupialis, 230 m 
El Tocuyo; Lara, Venezuela (0947'N, 6948'W, 
Paynter, 1982) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 617 m 
El Trapiche; Beni, Bolivia (1448'S, 6618'W, An- 
derson, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
El Triumfo (see El Triunfo); Cundinamarca, Co- 
lombia 
El Triunfo (= El Triumfo); Cundinamarca, Co- 
lombia (ca. 0432'N, 7430'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Marmosa robinsoni, 600 ft (= 180 m) 
El Trompillo; Carabobo, Venezuela (1004'N, 
6746'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Marmosa robinsoni, ca. 500 m 
El Tukuko (see Tukoko); Zulia, Venezuela 
El Valle; Code, Panama (0836'N, 8008'W, Geo- 
net) 
Didelphis marsupialis 

Metachirus nudicaudatus (6 mi E of El Valle) 
Philander opossum 
El Valle, Caracas; Distrito Federal, Venezuela 
(1027'N, 6655'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Caluromys lanatus 
El Vertigo, Zongo Valley; La Paz, Bolivia 
(1605'S, 6802'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
El Volcan; Chiriqui, Panama (0846'N, 8240'W, 
Geonet) 
Philander opossum (14.5 km NW of Finca San- 
ta Clara, 0846'N, 8238'W) 
El Zapote, 7 mi S of Sabana Grande; Francisco 
Morazan, Honduras (1345'N, 8725'W, Geo- 
net) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Embalse Huechun (= Huechun, Embalse); Santi- 
ago, Chile (3304'S, 7048'W, Paynter, 1988) 
Thylamys elegans, ca. 560 m 
Embalase Rio Moron; Carabobo, Venezuela 
(1027'N, 6800'W, Lopez-Fuster et al., 2000) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Embocada (= Estancia La Cabana); Beni, Bolivia 
(1503'S, 6658'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis, less than 600 m 
Marmosops impavidus, less than 600 m 
Marmosops noctivagus, less than 600 m 
Empire; Panama, Panama (0904'N, 7940'W, 
Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Philander opossum 
Encarnacion; Itapiia, Paraguay (2720'S, 5554'W, 
Paynter, 1989) 
Didelphis albiventris 



Encontrados; Zulia, Venezuela (0903'N, 
7214'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Philander opossum (60 km WNW of Encontra- 
dos) 
Engenheiro Reeve (= Rive); Espirito Santo, Bra- 
zil (2046'S, 4128'W, Paynter and Traylor, 
1991) 
Philander frenata, 600 m 
Ensenada Cuaranta; Sucre, Venezuela (1038'N, 
6215'W, Handley, 1976) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1-4 m 
Entre Rios; Argentina (not located) 

Chironectes minimus 
Entre Rios; La Paz, Bolivia (1539'S, 6726'W, 
Anderson, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Entre Rios, 5 km NNW; Tarija, Bolivia (2129'S, 
6412'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Micoureus constantiae 
Thylamys pusilla (2132'S, 6412'W) 
Thylamys venustus 
Erquis; Tarija, Bolivia (2128'S, 6448'W, Ander- 
son, 1997) 
Thylamys venustus 
Erval (= Serra do Herval); Rio Grande do Sul, 
Brazil (3025'S, 5155'W, Geonet) 
Chironectes minimus 
Escarcega; Campeche, Mexico (1837'N, 
9043'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus (near Escarcega) 
Didelphis marsupialis (7.5 km W of Escarcega) 
Philander opossum (65 km S, 128 km of Es- 
carcega) 
Escazii; San Jose, Costa Rica (0955'N, 8408'W, 
Geonet) 
Micoureus alstoni 
Escola Agricola de Exu; Pernambuco, Brazil (Exu 
= 0731'S, 3943'W, Paynter and Traylor, 
1991) 
Monodelphis domestica 
Thylamys pusilla (.7 km S of Exu) 
Escola Agropecuaria (= Escuela Agropecuaria); 
Concepcion, Paraguay (2321'S, 5723'W, 
Palma, 1995) 
Thylamys macrura 
Escopeta Camp, 23 km NNE of San Felix; Chi- 
riqui, Panama (San Felix = 0817'N, 
8152'W, Geonet) 
Chironectes minimus 
Escuela Agropecuaria (see Escola Agropecuaria); 

Concepcion, Paraguay 
Escuela Normal, Monteros; Tucuman, Argentina 
(2647'S, 6533'W, Mares et al., 1966) 
Didelphis albiventris 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



211 



Esmeralda; Amazonas, Venezuela (0310'N, 
6533'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Caluromys lanatus, 145 m (48 km NW of Es- 
meralda, 0311'N, 6533'W) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 143 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus (Cerro Duida) 
Micoureus demerarae, 325 ft (= 95 m) (foot of 

Cerro Duida, upper Rio Orinoco) 
Monodelphis brevicaudata, 135 m 
Philander andersoni, 135 m 
Esmeraldas; Esmeraldas, Ecuador (0059'N, 
7942'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Didelphis marsupialis, sea level 
Philander opossum, near sea level 
Espiritu; Beni, Bolivia (1408'S, 6621'W, Ander- 
son, 1997) 
Philander opossum 
Esquinapa; Sinaloa, Mexico (2250'N, 10547'W, 
Gardner, 1973) 
Marmosa canescens 
Esquipulas; Matagalpa, Nicaragua (1240'N, 
8547'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 

Philander opossum, 420 m (ca. 1200'N, 
8600'W) 
Essequibo (see Oko Mts.); Cuyuni-Mazaruni, 

Guyana 
Estacao Biologica de Boraceia (see also Bora- 
ceia), Biological Station in Salesopolis; Sao 
Paulo, Brazil (2339'S, 4554'W, Heyer et al., 
1990) 
Didelphis aurita, ca. 737 m, 850 m 
Marmosops incanus, 820 m 
Marmosops paulensis, 850 m 
Philander frenata, 850 m 
Estacao Biologica de Caratinga, Fazenda Montes 
Claros, 45 km E of Caratinga; Minas Gerais, 
Brazil (Caratinga = 1950'S, 4150'W, Mus- 
trangi and Patton, 1997) 
Marmosops incanus, 500 m 
Estacao Biologica de Santa Lucia, Santa Tereza; 
Espirito Santo, Brazil (1950'S, 4022'W, 
Mustrangi and Patton, 1997) 
Marmosops incanus 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Estacao de Pesquisas de Peti, Sao Goncalo do Rio 
Abaixo (see Ciudade de Sao Goncalo do Rio 
Abaixo); Minas Gerais, Brazil 
Estacao Ecologica do Tapacura (see Sao Lourenco 

da Mata); Pernambuco, Brazil 
Estacion Biologica de Calabozo; Guarico, Vene- 
zuela (0852'N, 6723'W, Lopez-Fuster et al., 
2000) 
Marmosa robinsoni 



Estacion Biologica de La Selva (= Finca La Selva 
= La Selva Biological Reserve), 3 km S of 
Puerto Viejo; Heredia, Costa Rica (Puerto 
Viejo = 1028'N, 8401'W, Geonet) 

Caluromys derbianus, 70 m 
Estacion Biologica de los Llanos, 9 km SE of Cal- 
abozo; Guarico, Venezuela (0856'N, 
6725'W, Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 

Didelphis marsupialis, 100 m 

Marmosa robinsoni, 100-115 m (0852'N, 
6723'W) 

Monodelphis brevicaudata, 100 m (0852'N, 
6723'W) 

Monodelphis palliolata 
Estacion Biologica de Rancho Grande (= Rancho 
Grande = Rancho Grande Biological Station); 
Aragua, Venezuela (1021'N, 6740'W, Perez- 
Hernandez, 1989) 

Caluromys philander, 910-1170 m 

Chironectes minimus, 910-1170 m (also 
Parque Nacional de Rancho Grande at 
1022'N, 6741'W) 

Didelphis marsupialis, 910-1170 m 

Gracilinanus marica, 1 100 m (also Dos Ra- 
mon, Guacamaya, La Quinta, Pica Periquito, 
El Portachuela at 1021'N, 6741'W, Guami- 
tas, Palo de Vaca) 

Marmosops fuscatus, 910-1170 m, 1050 m 
(1022'N, 6741'W) (also Dos Ramon, Gua- 
camaya, La Quinta, Pica Periquito, El Porta- 
chuela at 1021'N, 6741'W, Guamitas) 

Micoureus demerarae, 910-1170 m, 1100 m 
(also Dos Ramon, Guacamaya, La Quinta, 
Pica Periquito, El Portachuela at 1021'N, 
6741'W, Guamitas) 

Monodelphis brevicaudata 

Monodelphis palliolata, 910-1170 m 

Philander opossum 
Estacion Biologica R. Schreiter, San Javier; Tu- 
cuman, Argentina (not located) 

Thylamys venustus 
Estacion de Kasmera, Rio Yasa; Zulia, Venezuela 
(1005'N, 7245'W, Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 

Monodelphis palliolata 
Estacion de Piscicultura, El Limon; Aragua, Ve- 
nezuela (1019'N, 6738'W, Perez-Hernandez, 
1989) 

Didelphis marsupialis 
Estacion Experimental del Instituto Nacional de 
Tecnologia Agropecuaria (= INTA areas), ca. 
15 km NW of Balcarce; Buenos Aires, Ar- 
gentina (3751'S, 5816'W, Mares and Braun, 
2000) 

Monodelphis dimidiata, ca. 100-150 m 



212 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Estacion Experimental de Rio Negro; Miranda, 
Venezuela (1020'N, 6015'W, Perez-Hernan- 
dez, 1989) 
Micoureus demerarae, 50-70 m 
Estacion Pailon; Santa Cruz, Bolivia (1739'S, 
6245'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Marmosops dorothea 
Estacion Tambo, Nuevo y Ruta 188, km 60; 
Buenos Aires, Argentina (3358'S, 6035'W, 
USBGN) 
Monodelphis dimidiata 
Estacion Vipos (see Vfpos); Tucuman, Argentina 
Estacion Yuruma (see Yuruma); Potosi, Bolivia 
Estanaque de Curupao; Miranda, Venezuela 
(1030'N, 6638'W, Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Estancia Barranquita (see San Joaquin); Beni, Bo- 
livia 
Estancia Bolivar; Tarija, Bolivia (2138'S, 
6234'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Monodelphis domestica 
Thylamys pusilla (also at 2138'N, 6237'W) 
Estancia Cachuela Esperanza; Santa Cruz, Bolivia 
(1647'S, 6314'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Gracilinanua agdis 
Philander opossum 
"Estancia Concordia," 15 mi SW of Dolores; So- 
riano, Uruguay (Dolores = 3333'S, 5813'W, 
Paynter, 1994) 
Didelphis albiventris, ca. 100 m 
Estancia Coropa, Goya; Corrientes, Argentina 
(Goya = 2908'S, 5916'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Thylamys pusilla 
Estancia Cuevas; Santa Cruz, Bolivia (1811'S, 
6344'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Micoureus constantiae 
Estancia Guampacha; Santiago del Estero, Argen- 
tina (2759'S, 6445'W, Flores et al., 2000) 
Thylamys pusilla 
Estancia Isibobo; Santa Cruz, Bolivia (1931'S, 
6336'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Monodelphis domestica 
Estancia Ita Caabo, Mercedes; Corrientes, Argen- 
tina (Mercedes = 2912'S, 5805'W, Geonet) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Estancia Jahue (see Quine, Estancia Jahue); Santa 

Cruz, Bolivia 
Estancia Juan de Zalazar, left bank, 2 km N of 
Rio Verde, near Fortin Juan Salazar in Presi- 
dente Hayes; Boqueron, Paraguay (Fortin 
Juan Salazar = 2338'S, 5918'W, Paynter, 
1989) 
Didelphis albiventris, 200 m 

BR( 



Estancia La Cabana, 1 km E of La Embocada (see 

Embocada); Beni, Bolivia 
Estancia La Geraldina; Santa Fe, Santiago del Es- 
tero, Argentina (ca. 3005'S, 6200'W Payn- 
ter, 1985) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Estancia La Germania; Santa Fe, Argentina 
(3233'S, 6124'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Estancia La Germania (see Nueva Germania); San 

Pedro, Paraguay 
Estancia Laja (see Quine, Estancia Laja); Santa 

Cruz, Bolivia 
Estancia La Selva, Bogota (see La Selva); Cun- 

dinamarca, Colombia 
Estancia Leoncito; San Juan, Argentina (3148'S, 
6920'W, USBGN) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Estancia Linda Vista, NNE Formosa (see Riacho 

Pilaga); Formosa, Argentina 
Estancia Los Alpes (see La Lata); Colonia, Uru- 
guay 
Estancia Los Ingleses (= Los Ingleses = Los Yn- 
gleses); Buenos Aires, Argentina (3631'S, 
5635'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Didelphis albiventris, sea level 
Lutreolina crassicaudata, sea level 
Estancia Los Manantiales, Languifieo (= Los 
Manantiales); Chubut, Argentina (4316'S, 
6951'W, Geonet) 
Lestodelphys halli 
Estancia La Madrugada, near Puerto Deseado; 
Santa Cruz, Argentina (4706'S, 6629'W, 
Mares and Braun, 2000) 
Lestodelphys halli 
Estancia Machijada, near Puetro Deseado ( = 
Comodoro Rivadavia); Chubut, Argentina 
(4552'S, 6730'W, Thomas, 1929) 
Lestodelphys halli 
Estancia Marfa Sofia; Rio Negro, Argentina 
(4037'S, 7009'W, Mares and Braun, 2000) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Estancia Melo, 6 km SE; Cerro Largo, Uruguay 
(Melo = 3222'S, 541 l'W, Paynter, 1994) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Estancia San Ignacio, 24 km NNW of Carayao; 
Caaguazii, Paraguay (Carayao = 2510'S, 
5626'W, Paynter, 1989) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Estancia Tapikiole (= Tapikiole = La Urbana = 
La Urbana Vieja), 30 km S of Rio Pilcomayo; 
Formosa, Argentina (2501'S, 5919'W, Payn- 
ter, 1985) 



IOWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



213 



Didelphis albiventris, 100 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Thylamys pusilla, ca. 100 m 
Estancia Tehuel Malal; Neuquen, Argentina (ca. 
4100'S, 7115'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Lestodelphys halli 
Estancia Yutiole, 20 km S of San Joaquin; Beni, 
Bolivia (1305'S, 6448'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Estero de Chirigiiare; Portuguesa, Venezuela 
(0833'N, 6842'W, Lopez-Fuster et al., 2000) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Esteros, Rio Pilcomayo; Boqueron, Paraguay 
(2347'S, 61 o 01'W, Paynter, 1989) 
Thylamys pusilla 
Esteros; Santiago del Estero, Argentina (2637'S, 
6339'W, Geonet) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Thylamys pusilla 
Estrada Ferro de Braganca; Para, Brazil (Bragana 
= 0103'S, 4646'W, Paynter and Traylor, 
1991) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Estrada Picarreira, rigth bank Rio Canaburi, 
Parque Nacional do Pica da Neblina; Ama- 
zonas, Brazil (0036'N, 6605'W, Patton, pers. 
comm.) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Eten; Lambayeque, Peru (0654'S, 7952'W, Ste- 
phens and Traylor, 1983) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 5 m 
Exaltacion, W bank Rio Mamore; Beni, Bolivia 
(1316'S, 6515'W, Paynter, 1992) 
Didelphis marsupialis (8 km N of Exaltacion) 
Philander opossum (8 km N of Exaltacion) 
Explorer's Inn Reserve; Madre de Dios, Peru 
(1250'S, 6917'W, Emmons et al., 1994) 
Caluromys lanatus, 190-270 m (E bank Rio 

Tambopata) 
Marmosops noctivagus, 270-290 m (E bank 

Rio Tambopata) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 270-290 m (E bank 

Rio Tambopata) 
Micoureus regina, 270-290 m 
Philander opossum, 270-290 m (E bank Rio 
Tambopata) 
Exu; Pernambuco, Brazil (0731'S, 3943'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis albiventris, 500 m 
Monodelphis domestica, ca. 500 m 
Thylamys pusilla, ca. 500 m 



Fabiao, Itacarambi; Minas Gerais, Brazil 
(1508'S, 4414'W, Geonet) 
Marmosops incanus 
Fabrica de Papel, N of Cuyambuyo; Tarija, Boliv- 
ia (not located) 
Glironia venusta, 980 m 
Faldas Iliniiza; Pichincha, Ecuador (0040'S, 
7842'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus 
Faldas Occidentales del Pichincha; Pichincha, Ec- 
uador (0010'S, 7833'W, Geonet) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus 
Faro (= Sao Jose); Para, Brazil (0211'S, 
5644'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis marsupialis, ca. 50 m 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Fazenda Agua Limpa; Distrito Federal, Brazil 
(1557'S, 4756'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Gracilinanus agilis, 1000 m 
Philander frenata (gallery forest) 
Fazenda Almada, Ilheus (= Sao Jose da Lagoa); 
Bahia, Brazil (1438'S, 3912'W, Hershkovitz 
files) 
Didelphis aurita, sea level 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Fazenda Almeida, Rio do Braco, Ilheus; Bahia, 
Brazil (1449'S, 3902'W, Mares et al., 1981) 
Micoureus demerarae 
Fazenda Batente, 5.5 km SE of Exu; Pernambuco, 
Brazil (Exu = 0731'S, 3943'W, Paynter and 
Traylor, 1991) 
Monodelphis domestica 
Fazenda Beijo Grande (see Itabuna); Bahia, Brazil 
Fazenda Boa Fe, 16 km NE of Teresopolis; Rio 
de Janeiro, Brazil (Boa Fe = 2222'S, 
4153'W, Geonet) 
Gracilinanus microtarsus 
Philander frenata 
Fazenda Boa Vista, Teresopolis (see Teresopolis); 

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 
Fazenda Cacua, Serrinha (see Serrinha); Bahia, 

Brazil 
Fazenda Caianinha, Pesqueira; Pernambuco, Bra- 
zil (Pesqueira = 0822'S, 3642'W, USBGN) 
Monodelphis domestica 
Fazenda Capoeira do Rosario, Feira; Bahia, Brazil 
(Feira = 1215'S, 3857'W, USBGN) 
Monodelphis domestica 
Fazenda Capricornio, Ubatuba; Sao Paulo, Brazil 
(2325'S, 4505'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 150 m 



214 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Fazenda Cardosa, NE of Caparao; Minas Gerais, 

Brazil (2222'S, 4148'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 

Philander frenata, 1018 m (Serra de Caparao) 

Fazenda de Cascata (see Ciudade Sao Goncalo 

Rio Abaixo); Minas Gerais, Brazil 
Fazenda Cayumba, Feira; Bahia, Brazil (Feira = 
1215'S, 3857'W, USBGN) 
Monodelphis domestica 
Fazenda da Floresta, Rio Matipo (= Alvarenga); 
Minas Gerais, Brazil (1953'S, 4233'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Philander frenata 
Fazenda da Toca, Ilhabela (see Ilha de Sao Se- 

bastiao); Sao Paulo, Brazil 
Fazenda Esmeralda; Minas Gerais, Brazil 
(1920'S, 4250'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Gracilinanus agilis (Rio Casca) 
Marmosops incanus 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Philander frenata (Rio Casca) 
Fazenda Guarani, 1.9 km N of Exu; Pernambuco, 
Brazil (Exu = 0731'S, 3943'W, Paynter and 
Traylor, 1991) 
Thylamys pusilla 
Fazenda Guaricana, Guaratuba, Morretes; Parana, 
Brazil (2545'S, 4855'W, Paynter and Tray- 
lor, 1991) 
Didelphis aurita 
Fazenda Intervales, Base Saibadela, Sete Barros 
in the Serra de Parnapiacaba (= Base de Car- 
mo = Capao Bonito = Intervales); Sao Paulo, 
Brazil (2420'S, 4825'W, Mustrangi and Pat- 
ton, 1997) 
Didelphis aurita, 100 m 
Marmosops incanus, 700 m (Base de Carmo, 

2423'S, 4755'W) 
Marmosops paulensis, 700 m (2423'S, 

4755'W) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 100 m 
Micoureus demerarae 

Philander frenata, 700 m (2423'S, 4855'W) 
Fazenda Jacu, Feira; Bahia, Brazil (Jacu = 
1219'S, 3836'W, Geonet) 
Monodelphis domestica 
Fazenda Montes Claros; Minas Gerais, Brazil (ca. 
1900'S, 4100'W, da Fonseca et al., 1988) 
Gracilinanus agilis 
Marmosops incanus, 500 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus (ca. 1925'S, 

4235'W) 
Monodelphis americana (ca. 1920'S, 

4100'W) 
Philander frenata (ca. 1925'S, 4235'W) 
Fazenda Nazareth (see Ilha Mexiana); Para, Brazil 



Fazenda Nhumirim, 150 km SE of Corumba; 

Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil (Corumba = 

1901'S, 5739'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 

Monodelphis domestica 

Fazenda Oiteiro, Serrinha (see Serrinha); Bahia, 

Brazil 
Fazenda Olho da Agua, 2 km N of Valenca do 
Piauf; Piauf, Brazil (0624'S, 4145'W, 
USBGN) 
Monodelphis domestica 
Fazenda Pinheira, 1.5 km SW of Exu; Pernam- 
buco, Brazil (Exu = 0731'S, 3743'W, Payn- 
ter and Traylor, 1991) 
Monodelphis domestica 
Fazenda Pirataquisse, Ilheus; Bahia, Brazil (Ilheus 
= 1449'S, 3902'W, Paynter and Traylor, 
1991) 
Didelphis aurita 
Fazenda Saco, 6.6 km N of Serra Talhada; Per- 
nambuco, Brazil (Serra Talhada = 0759'S, 
3813'W, USBGN) 
Monodelphis domestica 
Fazenda Salgado, Feira; Bahia, Brazil (Feira = 
1215'S, 3857'W, USBGN) 
Monodelphis domestica 
Fazenda Santa Fe (see Flora); Acre, Brazil 
Fazenda Santa Terezinha, 33 km NE of Linhares; 
Espirito Santo, Brazil (Linhares = 1925'S, 
4004'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Micoureus demerarae 
Fazenda Sororoca, Pesqueira; Pernambuco, Brazil 
(Pesqueira = 0822'S, 3642'W, USBGN) 
Monodelphis domestica 
Fazenda Tesa, Soure, Ilha de Marajo; Para, Brazil 
(Soure = 0044'S, 4831'W, Paynter and 
Traylor, 1991) 
Monodelphis maraxina 
Fazenda Umburana, Serrinha (see Serrinha); Ba- 
hia, Brazil 
Feira (see Feira de Santana); Bahia, Brazil 
Feira de Santana (= Feira); Bahia, Brazil 
(1215'S, 3857'W, USBGN) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Monodelphis domestica 
Ferrovia Amapa, 192 km from Serra do Navio; 
Amapa, Brazil (not located) 
Philander opossum 
Fervedouro; Minas Gerais, Brazil (2043'S, 
4229'W, Mustrangi and Patton, 1997) 
Marmosops incanus, 1300 m 
Philander frenata 
Finca Amayo; Rivas, Nicaragua (Rivas = 
1126'N, 8550'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus (13 km E of Rivas) 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



215 



Philander opossum, 40 m (SE of Rivas) 
Finca America, Managua; Managua, Nicaragua 
(Managua = 1209'N, 8617'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Philander opossum 
Finca "Bengala," Carretera Salento-Cocora; 
Quindio, Colombia (Salento = 0438'N, 
7534'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1981) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus, 3250 m 
Finca Carolina, 10 mi S of Tumbador; San Mar- 
cos, Guatemala (1450'N, 9154'W, Geonet) 
Philander opossum, 3500 ft (= 1090 m) 
Finca Cipres, 9 mi from Mazatenango; Suchite- 
pequez, Guatemala (Mazatenango = 
1432'N, 9130'W, Geonet) 
Philander opossum, 2000 ft (= 625 m) 
Finca El Buque, Villavicencio; Meta. Colombia 
(Villavicencio = 0409'N, 7337'W, Paynter, 
1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 500 m 
Finca El Capricho, Villavicencio; Meta. Colombia 
(Villavicencio = 0409'N, 7337'W, Paynter, 
1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 300 m 
Philander opossum, 300 m (38 km E of Villa- 
vicencio, 0409'N, 7316'W) 
Finca El Jagiiel, 45 km W on road 304, on way 
to Requelme; Tucuman, Argentina (2628'S, 
6448'W, Flores et al, 2000) 
Thy I amy s venustus 
Finca El Progresso; Santa Rosa, Guatemala 
(1405'N, 9021'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Philander opossum 
Finca El Salto, 1 mi E of Esquintla; Esquintla, 
Guatemala (1408'N, 9045'W, Geonet) 
Philander opossum 
Finca El Soche, 15 km W of Soacha; Cundina- 
marca, Colombia (0435'N, 7413'W, Patter- 
son and Albuja, 1996) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus, 2630 m, 2800 m 
Finca Germania, 24 km NE of Huixtla; Chiapas, 
Mexico (Huixtla = 1509'N, 9228'W, Geo- 
net) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Finca Hollanda, near Paramo de Chinche; Valle 
del Cauca, Colombia (Paramo de Chinche = 
0337'N, 7614'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis albiventris, 2700 m 
Finca Jimenez, 0.5 mi E; Guanacaste, Costa Rica 
(not located) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Philander opossum, 30 m 
Finca La Esperanza, 45 km N of Huixtla; Chiapas, 



Mexico (Huixtla = 1509'N, 9228'W, Geo- 
net) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Finca La Lola; Limon, Costa Rica (not located) 

Caluromys derbianus, 50 m 
Finca La Selva (see Estacion Biologica de La Sel- 
va), 3 mi S of Puerto Viejo; Heredia, Costa 
Rica 
Finca Ligia, Parrita; Puntarenas, Costa Rica (Par- 
rita = 0931'N, 8419'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Finca Lornessa, 2 km NW of Santa Ana; San 
Jose, Costa Rica (Santa Ana = 0956'N, 
8411'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Finca Ocuilapa, Tonala; Chiapas, Mexico (Tonala 
= 1605'N, 9345'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis (10 km SE of Tonala) 
Philander opossum (10 km S of Tonala) 
Finca Pacifica, 3 mi N of Cafias; Guanacaste, Cos- 
ta Rica (Canas = 1026'N, 8506'W, 
USBGN) 
Chironectes minimus 
Finca Prusia, cerca; Chiapas, Mexico (1544'N, 
9244'W, Gardner, 1973) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Finca Rincon Santo, 6 km from Carretera Salento- 
Cocora, Municipio Salento; Quindio, Colom- 
bia (0438'N, 7534'W, Patterson and Albuja, 
1996) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus, 2750 m, 3250 m 
Finca Rio Frio, Morales; Izabal, Guatemala (Mo- 
rales = 1541'N, 8855'W, Geonet) 
Chironectes minimus 
Finca Santa Cecilia, 6.5 km S of Guanacoste; Gra- 
nada, Nicaragua (Guanacoste = 1152'N, 
8615'W, USBGN) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Finca Santa Clara, El Volcan; Chiriqui, Panama 
(El Volcan = 0846'N, 8238'W, Geonet) 
Chironectes minimus 
Finca Selache, ca. 6 mi S of Cipres; Suchitepe- 
quez, Guatemala (Cipres = ca. 1438'N, 
9129'W, Gardner, 1973) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Finca Sepacuite, 40 mi E of Coban (1529'N, 
9032'W) and S of Catabon (1534'N, 
8949'W); Alta Verapaz, Guatemala (ca. 
1540'N, 8950'W, Geonet) 
Philander opossum, 3200 ft (= 970 m) 
Finca Tepeyac, near Matagalpa; Matagalpa, Nic- 
aragua (Matagalpa = 1255'N, 8555'W, 
Geonet) 



216 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Didelphis marsupialis 
Finca Yakulfca, Angosto del Rio Pescado; Salta, 
Argentina (2233'S, 6432'W, Flores et al., 
2000) 
Thylamys venustus 
Finisanti, right bank Saramacca River, opposite 
Loksie Hattie; Brokopondo, Suriname 
(0508'N, 5529'W, Pine, 1981) 
Marmosa murina 
Marmosops parvidens 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
First Falls on Cuyuni River; Cuyuni-Mazaruni, 
Guyana (Cuyuni River = 0623'N, 5841'W, 
Stephens and Tray lor, 1985) 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Fish Creek, Cerro Duida; Amazonas, Venezuela 
(Cerro Duida = 0325'N, 6540'W, Hershko- 
vitz files) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 109-350 ft (= 30- 
110 m) 
Flexal (= Frechal), Rio Surumu; Roraima, Brazil 
(0350'N, 6032'W, Paynter and Traylor, 
1991) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Flexal, 1 2 km N, W bank Rio Tapajos; Para, Bra- 
zil (0534'S, 5713'W, Pine and Handley, 
1984) 
Monodelphis emiliae 
Flor de Oro, left bank Rio Itenez, Parque Noel 
Kempff Mercado; Santa Cruz, Bolivia 
(1535'S, 6034'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Micoureus demerarae 
Flor do Prado, near Quatipuru; Para, Brazil (Qua- 
tipuru = 0052'S, 4659'W, Paynter and Tray- 
lor, 1991) 
Philander opossum 
Flora (= Fazenda Santa Fe); Acre, Brazil 
(0836'S, 7251'W, Patton et al., 2000) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Philander opossum 
Floresta da Tijuca and Silvestre; Rio de Janeiro, 
Brazil (ca. 2256'S, 4317'W, Paynter and 
Traylor, 1991) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Marmosops incanus 
Philander frenata 
Floresta Nacional Tapirape-Aquiri, Municipio de 
Maraba; Para, Brazil (0548'S, 5030' W, Pat- 
ton et al., 2000) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Philander opossum 



Florestal; Minas Gerais, Brazil (1956'S, 4427'W, 
Varejao and Valle, 1982) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Fordlandia; Para, Brazil (0340'S, 5530' W, Payn- 
ter and Traylor, 1991) 
Caluromys philander (right bank Rio Tapajos) 
Didelphis marsupialis 

Metachirus nudicaudatus (E bank Rio Tapajos) 
Monodelphis emiliae (right bank Rio Tapajos) 
Philander opossum (E bank Rio Tapajos) 
Forest Preserve Nova Lombardia, 8 km S of 
Caixa D'Agua; Espfrito Santo, Brazil (Caixa 
D'Agua = 1238'S, 4055'W, USBGN) 
Monodelphis scalops 
Forestry Camp, 2.1 mi N of Salamanca; Toledo, 
Belize (1651'N, 8901'W, Geonet) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Formosa; Goias, Brazil (1532'S, 4720'W, Hersh- 
kovitz, 1997) 
Philander frenata (gallery forest) 
Fort Clayton; Panama, Panama (0900'N, 
7945'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Fort Davis; Colon, Panama (0917'N, 7954'W, 
Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Philander opossum 
Forte do Rio Branco (= Forteleza de Sao Joa- 
quim); Roraima, Brazil (0301'N, 6028'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Caluromys philander 
Forteleza de Sao Joaquim (see Forte do Rio Bran- 
co); Roraima, Brazil 
Fort Gulick; Colon, Panama (0919'N, 7952'W, 
Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Fortin; Veracruz-Llave, Mexico (1854'N, 9700'W, 
Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 3200 ft (= 1000 m) 
Philander opossum, 3200 ft (= 1000 m) 
Fortin de Zalazar (see Fortin Juan de Zalazar); 

Presidente Hayes, Paraguay 
Fortfn General Genes (= General Genes), 1.6 km 
NE of Asuncion; Presidente Hayes, Paraguay 
(Asuncion = 2401'S, 5933'W, Paynter, 
1989) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Fortfn Guachalla; Boqueron, Paraguay (2227'S, 
6220'W, Paynter, 1989) 
Didelphis albiventris, 250 m 
Fortin Juan de Zalazar (= Fortin de Zalazar = 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



217 



Juan de Zalazar); Presidente Hayes, Paraguay 
(2306'S, 5918'W, Paynter, 1989) 
Didelphis albiventris (left bank Rio Verde) 
Monodelphis brevicaudis, ca. 150 m (left bank 

Rio Verde) 
Thylamys pusilla, 1 50 m 
Fort Kobbe; Panama, Panama (0854'N, 7935'W, 
Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Fort Sherman; Colon, Panama (0921 'N, 7957'W, 
Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus (Camp Pifia) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Fort Sherman Military Reservation; Colon, Pan- 
ama (0919'N, 7958'W, Geonet) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Fortuna, Pandora; Limon, Costa Rica (Pandora = 
0945'N, 8257'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Foz do Curua (= Rio Curua do Sul); Para, Brazil 
(0239'S, 5410'W, Paynter and Traylor, 
1991) 
Caluromys philander 
Foz do Iguacu [Iguazu], 14 km NE, Itaipu Bina- 
cional, Refugio Bela Vista (see Puerto Igua- 
zu); Misiones, Argentina 
Fracran, San Pedro; Misiones, Argentina 
(2646'S, 5416'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Philander opossum 
Fragmentos Florestais da Cai, Aracruz Calulore, 
Aracruz; Espfrito Santo, Brazil (Aracruz = 
1949'S, 4016'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 50 m 
Franca; Sao Paulo, Brazil (2032'S, 4724'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Gracilinanus microtarsus, 997 m 
Lutreolina crassicaudata, 997 m 
France Field; Colon, Panama (0921'N, 7953'W, 
Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Francisco de C; Minas Gerais, Brazil (not located) 

Philander opossum, 1580 m 
Fray Bentos-Puerto Ungue, Rio Negro; Rio Ne- 
gro, Uruguay (3307'S, 5519'W, Hershko- 
vitz, 1992) 
Gracilinanus agilis, 6 m 
Frechal (see Flexal); Roraima, Brazil 
Frederick Willem IV Vallen (falls); Nickerie, Su- 
riname (0328'N, 5737'W, Stephens and 
Traylor, 1985) 



Monodelphis brevicaudata, 112 m 
Friburgo (see Nova Friburgo); Rio de Janeiro, 

Brazil 
Frijoles, Bahia Peninsula; Colon, Panama 
(0910'N, 7947'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Frontera (see Alvaro Obregon); Tabasco, Mexico 
Fuenteydueno; Nueva Esparta, Venezuela 
(1100'N, 6400'W, Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Marmosa robinsoni, 200 m 
Fuentes; San Jose, Costa Rica (0956'N, 8402'W, 
Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Fundao; Pernambuco, Brazil (0806'S, 3636'W, 
Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis, sea level 
Fundo Caricacho, Urama; Carabobo, Venezuela 
(1028'N, 6815'W, Lopez-Fuster et al., 
2000) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Fundo El Venado, Isla Chiloe, 5 km W of Palo- 
mar; Los Lagos, Chile (not located) 
Rhyncholestes raphanurus 
Fundo Pecuario Masaguaral, 45 km S, Calabozo; 
Guarico, Venezuela (0831'N, 6735'W, 
Paynter, 1982) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 90 m, 100 m 
Marmosa robinsoni, ca. 63-100 m 
Fusagasuga; Cundinamarca, Colombia (0421'N, 
7422'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Caluromys lanatus, 1746 m 
Didelphis albiventris, 1750 m 
Marmosa robinsoni, 1746 m 
Marmosops fuscatus, 6000 ft (= 1875 m) 
Marmosops impavidus, 6000 ft (= 1875 m) 



Galaya (= Saloya Occidente), W of, Rio Saloya; 
Pichincha, Ecuador (Rio Saloya = 0001'N, 
7857'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Caenolestes convelatus, 1 1 00 m 
Caenolestes fuliginosus 
Gallon Jug; Orange Walk District, Belize 
(1733'N, 8902'W, Geonet) 
Philander opossum 
Galvez; Santa Fe, Argentina (3202'S, 6113'W, 
Paynter, 1985) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata, 53 m 
Gamboa; Colon, Panama (0906'N, 7942'W, 
Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Philander opossum 
Gamboa, 5 mi NE (see Juan Mina Station); Pan- 
ama, Panama 



218 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 






Gansee, W of Paramaribo, now covered by Bro- 
kopondo Lake; Brokopondo, Suriname 
(0449'N, 5504'W, Geonet) 
Marmosa lepida 
Ganso Azul; Huanuco, Peru (0849'S, 7441'W, 
Geonet) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Garanhuns; Pernambuco, Brazil (0854'S, 
3628'W, USBGN) 
Didelphis albiventris, 835 m 
Monodelphis domestica (Sftio Riacho Fundo) 
Garrafao, Estacion Rio Terezopolis [= Teresopol- 
is], Maje; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (2114'S, 
4124'W, Geonet) 
Philander frenata 
Gatun, Rio Indio; Colon, Panama (0916'N, 
7955'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Philander opossum 
Gavea; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (ca. 2257'S, 
4315'W, Paynter and Tray lor, 1991) 
Didelphis aurita, sea level 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
General Alvear (see Colonia Alvear); Mendoza, 

Argentina 
General Genes (see Fortin General Genes); Pres- 

idente Hayes, Paraguay 
General Roca; Rio Negro, Argentina (3902'S, 
6735'W, Geonet) 
Thylamys pallidior, 23 1 m 
General Vedia, Rio de Oro; Chaco, Argentina 
(2656'S, 5840'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Georgetown; Demerara-Mahaica, Guyana 
(0648'N, 5810'W, Geonet) 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Philander opossum, sea level (E bank Demer- 
ara River) 
Glaura (see Cachoeira do Campo); Minas Gerais, 

Brazil 
Glycon Ridge (= Glycon Swamp); Bolivar, Ve- 
nezuela (0512'N, 6044'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Didelphis albiventris, 5900 ft (= 1840 m) 
Glycon Swamp (see Glycon Ridge); Bolivar, Ve- 
nezuela 
Goias, Brazil (not precisely located) 

Chironectes minimus 
Golfo de Campeche; Tabasco, Mexico (Campeche 
= 1950'N, 9042'W, Geonet) 
Chironectes minimus 
Gonzalez Catan; Buenos Aires, Argentina 
(3446'S, 5839'W, Paynter, 1985) 



Lutreolina crassicaudata, ca. 15 m 
Gorotire (= Novo Horizonte = Gradaus); Para, 
Brazil (0743'S, 51H'W, Paynter and Tray- 
lor, 1991) 
Micoureus demerarae, 252 m 
Monodelphis emiliae, ca. 100 m 
Philander opossum 
Goya; Corrientes, Argentina (2908'S, 5916'W, 
Paynter, 1985) 
Didelphis albiventris, 600 ft (= 180 m) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata, 37 m 
Thylamys macrura, 37 m 
Thylamys pusilla, 600 ft (= 180 m) 
Gradaus (see Gorotire); Para, Brazil 
Gran Chaco (see Chaco); Presidente Hayes, Par- 
aguay 
Grand Etang; Grenada (1205'N, 6142'YV, Geo- 
net) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Grande Riviere, near Tree Station; St. David, Trin- 
idad and Tobago (ca. 1050'N, 6103'W, 
USBGN) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Great Corn Island (see Isla de Maiz); Zelaya, Nic- 
aragua 
Greytown {- San Juan del Norte); Rib San Juan, 
Nicaragua (1055'N, 8342'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Philander opossum 
Groningen, Saramacca River; Saramacca, Suri- 
name (0548'N, 5528'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Groto Grande, Turmalina; Minas Gerais, Brazil 
(Turmalina = 1717'S, 4245'W, Geonet) 
Marmosops incanus 
Guabala; Chiriqui, Panama (0813'N, 8144'W, 
Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Guaiabamba (see Santa Rosa de Huayabamba); 

Amazonas, Peru 
Guacamaya, Rancho Grande (see Estacion Biol- 
ogica de Rancho Grande); Aragua, Venezuela 
Guaicaramo (= Guaycaramo); Meta, Colombia 
(0443'N, 7302'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 600-700 m 
Marmosops impavidus, 600-700 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Guaillabamba, Riobamba; Pichincha, Ecuador 
(0004'S, 7821'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Didelphis albiventris, 3500 m 
Guainche, between Alamor (0402'S, 8002'W) 
and Celica; Loja, Ecuador (0407'S, 7959'W, 
Paynter, 1993) 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



219 



Didelphis marsupialis. 975 m 
Marmosops impavidus, 975 m 
Micoureus regina. 975 m (near Alamor) 
Gualaquiza; Morona-Santiago. Ecuador (03 ; 24'S. 
7833'W. Paynter. 1993) 
Marmosa lepida, 971 m 
Marmosa murina, 971 m (Rio Zamora) 
Marmosops noctivagus. 971 m 
Gualea. Ilambo Valley: Pichincha. Ecuador 
(0007'N, 7850'W. Paynter. 1993) 
Caenolestes convelatus. 1100 m 
Caenolestes fuliginosus 
Chironectes minimus. 3000 ft (= 930 m) 
Didelphis albiventris, 1 2 1 8- 1 875 m 
Marmosa robinsoni, ca. 1500 m 
Philander opossum, ca. 1250 m 
Gualffn (see Hualfih): Catamarca. Argentina 
Guama (= Iriteria = Sao Miguel do Guama): 

Para. Brazil (0137'S. 4727'W. Paynter and 
Traylor, 1991) 

Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Philander opossum 
Guamalito: Norte de Santander. Colombia 
(0834'N. 7327'W. Paynter. 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis. 600-700 m 
Guamitas. Rancho Grande (see Estacion Biologi- 

ca de Rancho Grande): Aragua. Venezuela 
Guanabara. Baia de: Rio de Janeiro. Brazil 
(2250'S. 4310'W. Paynter and Traylor. 1991) 
Didelphis aurita 
Guanagazapa: Esquintla, Guatemala (14 = 14'N. 
90=39'W. Geonet) 
Philander opossum 
Guanay: La Paz. Bolivia (1528'S, 67=52 "W. 
Paynter. 1992) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Micoureus regina, 1700 ft (= 530 m) (also 5 

km SE of Guanay) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 

Monodelphis brevicaudata (also at 15=30'S. 
6750'W) 
Guanico (= Las Palmitas): Los Santos. Panama 
(0718'N. 8026'W. Geonet) 
Caluromxs derbianus 
Chironectes minimus 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Guapaton. Valle de Suaza: Huila. Colombia (Rio 
Suaza = 02=10'N. 7541'W. USBGN) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Guaquitas: Barinas. Venezuela (0728'N. 7139'W. 
Geonet) 
Philander opossum 
Guara. gallery forest: Distrito Federal. Brazil (not 
located) 



Philander opossum 
Guaraciaba: Minas Gerais. Brazil (2032'S. 
42=58 'W. Varejao and Valle. 1982) 
Didelphis aurita 
Guaraunos. Finca Vuelta Larga: Sucre. Venezuela 
( 1033'N. 6307'W. Lopez-Fuster et al.. 2000) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Guaratuba: Sao Paulo. Brazil (2345'S. 4555'W, 
Paynter and Traylor. 1991) 
Didelphis aurita. sea level 
Metachirus nudicaudatus (5 km S of Casa 
Grande. Varejao and Valle. 1982) 
Guariba: Sao Paulo. Brazil (2121'S. 4814'W, 
USBGN) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Guasca. forest near Rio Balcones [Quebrada Bal- 
cones]: Cundinamarca. Colombia (0440'N, 
73=33 'W. Paynter. 1997) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus. 2700-2750 m 
Didelphis albiventris. 2720 m 
Guatemala, lowlands, east-central Guatemala (not 
located) 
Caluromxs derbianus 
Guatopo National Park ( see Parque Nacional Gua- 

topo): Miranda-Guarico. Venezuela 
Guayabal (= El Guayabal): Norte de Santander. 
Colombia (0801'N. 72 C 30'W, Paynter. 1997) 
Marmosa robinsoni. ca. 200 m 
Guayabamba (see Santa Rosa de Huayabamba): 

Amazonas, Peru 
Guayabo. near Jaque: Darien. Panama (0723'N, 
7802'W, Wenzel and Tipton. 1966) 
Chironectes minimus 
Guayabo. near Gualaquiza: Morona-Santiago. Ec- 
uador (Gualaquiza = 0324'S, 7833'W, Geo- 
net) 
Marmosops noctivagus 
Guayaquil: Guayas. Ecuador (0210'S. 7950'W, 
Paynter. 1993) 
Didelphis marsupialis. sea level 
Marmosa robinsoni. sea level 
Philander opossum, near sea level 
Guayaramerin: Beni. Bolivia (1048'S. 6523'W, 
Paynter. 1992) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Philander opossum (1051'S. 6523'W) 
Guaycaramo (see Guaicaramo): Meta. Colombia 
Guayquitas: Barinas. Venezuela (0830'N, 
70=23 'W. Perez-Hernandez. 1989) 
Philander opossum 
Giiemes. Highway 34. km 1383: Salta. Argentina 
(2440'S, 6403'W, Flores et al., 2000) 
Thxlamxs venustus 



220 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Guengue; Valle del Cauca, Colombia (ca. 
0314'N, 7621'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 3650 ft (= 1 140 m) 
Giiiniquina (= Uinikina); Delta Amacuro Terri- 
torio Federal, Venezuela (0910'N, 6103'W, 
Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis, sea level 
Philander opossum, sea level 
Gutierrez; Santa Cruz, Bolivia (1925'S, 6334'W, 
Anderson, 1997) 
Thy I amy s venustus 

H 

Hacienda Amazonia, Alto Rio Madre de Dios; 
Madre de Dios, Peru (1256'S, 7110'W, Pa- 
checo et al., 1993) 

Micoureus regina 

Monodelphis adusta, 825 m (Hacienda Rio Ma- 
dre de Dios, Alto Rio Madre de Dios) 
Hacienda Azacualpa, near Villa El Carmen; Ma- 
nagua, Nicaragua (Villa El Carmen = 
1159'N, 8631'W, Geonet) 

Didelphis marsupialis 

Philander opossum (5 km NW of Villa El Car- 
men) 
Hacienda Bellavista, Volcan Casita; Chinandega, 
Nicaragua (Volcan Casita = 1242'N, 
8658'W, Geonet) 

Caluromys derbianus 
Hacienda Buena Vista, few km above Vista Ale- 
gre on Rio Chinchao; Huanuco, Peru (Vista 
Alegre = ca. 0931'S, 7552'W, Stephens and 
Traylor, 1983) 

Caluromys lanatus 

Didelphis albiventris, 3500 ft (= 1090 m), 
1250 m 

Didelphis marsupialis, 3500-4000 ft (= 1090- 
1250 m) 
Hacienda Cadena, Quisipanchi; Cusco, Peru 
(1324'S, 7043'W, Stephens and Traylor, 
1983) 

Caluromys lanatus, ca. 1000 m 

Chironectes minimus, 1000 m 

Hyladelphys kalinowskii, 1000 m 

Marmosa murina, ca. 1000 m 

Marmosops noctivagus, 1000 m 

Micoureus regina, ca. 1000 m 

Philander opossum, 890 m (left bank Rfo Mar- 
capata, 1325'S, 7146'W) 
Hacienda Capulin; San Luis Potosf, Mexico 
(2130'N, 9937'W, Gardner, 1973) 

Didelphis marsupialis 
Hacienda Carapiche; Distrito Federal, Venezuela 
(1029'N, 6719'W, Handley, 1976) 



Didelphis marsupialis, 398 m, 600 m (near El 

Limon) 
Monodelphis palliolata, 398 m (near El Limon) 
Hacienda Chilata; Sonsonate, El Salvador 
(1339'N, 8934'W, Gardner, 1973) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 2000 ft (= 625 m) 
Philander opossum, 2000 ft (= 625 m) 
Hacienda Cincinnati, Santa Marta; Magdalena, 
Colombia (1106'N, 7406'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Hacienda Conzulman [Conzulmann], N Cuyam- 
buyo; Tarija, Bolivia (not located) 
Glironia venusta, 1000 m 
Hacienda de Carmen; Yucatan, Mexico (not lo- 
cated) 
Philander opossum 
Hacienda El Limon; Distrito Federal, Venezuela 
(1028'N, 6717'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 100 m (Suapo), 600 m 

(La Cochita), 1400 m (Zona Guacatal) 
Gracilinanus marica, 600-1400 m, 1400 m 

(Zona Guacatal) 
Monodelphis palliolata, 100 m (Suapo), 600 m, 
850 m (La Cochita), 1400 m (Zona Guacatal) 
Hacienda El Merey (see Montalban); Carabobo, 

Venezuela 
Hacienda Erika, Rio Salvacion; Cusco, Peru (Rio 
Salvacion = 1355'S, 7112'W, Geonet) 
Chironectes minimus, 300-500 m 
Didelphis marsupialis, 350-500 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 350-500 m (Rio 

Alto Madre de Dios, opposite Salvacion) 
Philander opossum, 300-500 m (Rfo Alto Ma- 
dre de Dios) 
Hacienda Exito; Huanuco, Peru (0926'S, 
7600'W, USBGN) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 3000 ft (= 930 m) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 3000 m (Rfo Cayum- 
ba) 
Hacienda Garzon, Cerro Pichincha; Pichincha, 
Ecuador (Cerro Pichincha = 0010'S, 
7833'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus 
Hacienda La Carbonera (= La Carbonera), Para- 
mo Tambor; Merida, Venezuela (0838'N, 
7121'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Didelphis albiventris, 6000-7000 ft (= 1875- 
2180 m), 2916 m 
Hacienda La Esperanza, 8 km de Magdaleno, 
Lago de Valencia; Aragua, Venezuela 
(1006'N, 6737'W, Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 51 A m 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Hacienda La Laguna, near Andahuaylas; Apurf- 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



221 



mac, Peru (Andahuaylas = 1339'S, 7323'W, 
Stephens and Traylor, 1983) 
Didelphis albiventris, 3040 m 
Hacienda La Palmira, near Andahuaylas; Apurf- 
mac, Peru (Andahuaylas = 1339'S, 7323'W, 
Stephens and Traylor, 1983) 
Didelphis albiventris, 2200 m 
Hacienda La Palmita (see Hato La Palmita); Gua- 

rico, Venezuela 
Hacienda La Primavera, east Andes, E side; Boy- 
aca, Colombia (ca. 0700'N, 7220'W, Payn- 
ter, 1997) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus, 7000 ft (= 2180 m) 
Hacienda La Trampa; Jinotega, Nicaragua (ca. 
1308'N, 8554'W, Gardner, 1973) 
Didelphis marsupialis (near Jinotega) 
Philander opossum (16 km NE of Jinotega) 
Hacienda La Vega, 5 km ESE of San Pedro del 
Lago; Imbabura, Ecuador (0013'N, 7812'W, 
Patterson and Albuja, 1996) 
Caenolestes convelatus, 2573 m 
Hacienda Limon, near Balsas; Cajamarca, Peru 
(ca. 0650'S, 7805'W, Stephens and Traylor, 
1983) 
Didelphis albiventris, 3000 ft (= 930 m) 
Hacienda Llagueda; La Libertad, Peru (ca. 
0746'S, 7835'W, Stephens and Traylor, 
1983) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 2000 ft (= 625 m) 
Hacienda Luisiana (see Luisiana); Ayacucho, 

Peru 
Hacienda Magdalena (= Pueblo Juarez); Colima, 
Mexico (1910'N, 10355'W, Geonet) 
Marmosa canescens 
Hacienda Mecatepe, near Nandaime; Granada, 
Nicaragua (Nandaime = 1145'N, 8603'W, 
Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Hacienda Misisi; Trujillo, Venezuela (0921'N, 
7018'W, Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Gracilinanus dryas, 2210-2360 m 
Marmosops fuscatus, 2210-2350 m 
Hacienda Ochenta; Nueva Esparta, Venezuela 
(1100'N, 6400'W, Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Hacienda Paramba (= Paramba), Rio Mira; Im- 
babura, Ecuador (0049'N, 7821'W, Paynter, 
1993) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Marmosa robinsoni, 111 m 
Philander opossum, 1 1 00 m 
Hacienda Pelicano; Santa Cruz, Bolivia (1825'S, 
6210'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Marmosops dorothea 



Hacienda Porvenir, 4 mi above Hacienda Exito; 
Huanuco, Peru (Hacienda Exito = 0926'S, 
7600'W, Stephens and Traylor, 1983) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 3000 ft (= 930 m) 
Hacienda Quetepe, 16 km E of Cumana; Sucre, 
Venezuela (1026'N, 6401'W, Lopez-Fuster 
et al., 2000) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Hacienda San Isidro, El Realejo, 10 km S of Chin- 
andega; Chinandega, Nicaragua (Chinandega 
= 1237'N, 8709'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Philander opossum 
Hacienda San Pedro, Santa Cruz de Mora (see 

Santa Cruz); Merida, Venezuela 
Hacienda San Ramon, Puna; Guayas, Ecuador 
(0219'S, 7928'W, USBGN) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Hacienda Santa Elena (= Santa Elena), 35 km NE 
of Tingo Maria; Huanuco, Peru (Tingo Maria 
= 0918'S, 7559'W, Stephens and Traylor, 
1983) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 1000 m 
Hacienda Santa Maria, 15 mi NE of Liberia; 
Guanacaste, Costa Rica (1047'N, 8519'W, 
USBGN) 
Philander opossum 
Hacienda Santa Teresi [possibly Hacienda Santa 
Teresfta at 0212'S, 8010'W, USBGN], 4 km 
SW of Puebloviejo; Los Rfos, Ecuador (Pueb- 
loviejo = 0134'S, 7930'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Didelphis marsupialis 

Philander opossum (ca. 12 km N of Vinces, 
Vinces = 0132'S, 7945'W) 
Hacienda Tamiahua, Cabo Rojo; Veracruz-Llave, 
Mexico (2144'N, 9733'W, Gardner, 1973) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Hacienda Taulis; Cajamarca, Peru (0654'S, 
7903'W, Stephens and Traylor, 1983) 
Didelphis albiventris, 1700 m 
Hacienda Tepeyac, near Matagalpa; Matagalpa, 
Nicaragua (Matagalpa = 1255'N, 8555'W, 
Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Philander opossum 
Hacienda Tepello; Matagalpa, Nicaragua (not lo- 
cated) 
Philander opossum 
Hacienda Villa Carmen; Cusco, Peru (ca. 1250'S, 
7115'W, Stephens and Traylor, 1983) 
Caluromys lanatus, 600 m 
Chironectes minimus, 600 m 
Marmosa andersoni, 600 m 



222 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Marmosa rubra, 600 m 
Marmosops noctivagus, 600 m 
Marmosops parvidens, 600 m 
Hacienda Zapotitan, Pacific Coast, Rio Sucio; La 
Libertad, El Salvador (1348'N, 8927'W, 
USBGN) 
Chironectes minimus, 1500 ft (= 460 m) 
Hama (see Cafetal de Chama); Merida, Venezuela 
Hamacas [Hamecas]; Santa Cruz, Bolivia 
(1744'S, 6311'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Philander opossum 
Hamonia (see Ibirama); Santa Catarina, Brazil 
Hansa (see Corupa); Santa Catarina, Brazil 
Hato Acapulco, 25 km S of La Trinidad de Arau- 
ca; Apure, Venezuela (0701'N, 6907'W, 
Geonet) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Hatillo; San Jose, Costa Rica (0955'N, 8406'W, 
Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Hato Cariben, Rio Cinaruco, 46 km ENE of 
Puerto Paez; Apure, Venezuela (0633'N, 
6713'W, Handley, 1976) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 76 m 
Hato El Frio, W of El Saman de Apure; Apure, 
Venezuela (0749'N, 6859'W, Lopez-Fuster 
et al., 2000) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Hato El Tirado; Cojedes, Venezuela (0904'N, 
6822'W, Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Hato Flores Moradas; Guarico, Venezuela 
(0816'N, 6736'W, Lopez-Fuster et al., 2000) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Hato La Fe, Corozpando; Guarico, Venezuela 
(0903'N, 6750'W, Lopez-Fuster et al., 2000) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Hato La Florida; Bolivar, Venezuela (0730- 
0725'N, 6557'-6539'W, Handley, 1976) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 43-45 m 
Micoureus demerarae, 43-45 m 
Hato Las Palmitas (= Hacienda La Palmita), San 
Francisco de Tiznados; Guarico, Venezuela 
(0936'N, 6727'W, Handley, 1976) 
Marmosa robinsoni, 181m 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Hato Mata de Bejuco; Monagas, Venezuela 
(0919'N, 6256'W, Handley, 1976) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 18 m 
Gracilinanus marica, 18 m 
Marmosa robinsoni, 18 m 
Hato Nuevo, Cojedes, Venezuela (0913'N, 
6805'W, Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 



Marmosa robinsoni 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Hato Pinedo; Cojedes, Venezuela (0853'N, 
6804'W, Lopez-Fuster et al., 2000) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Hato San Jose, 20 km W of La Paragua; Bolivar, 
Venezuela (La Paragua = 0650'N, 6320'W, 
Handley, 1976) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 324 m (0649'N, 

6329'W) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata, 298 m 
Marmosa murina, 306 m (0649'N, 6329'W) 
Micoureus demerarae, 306 m (0649'N, 

6329'W) 
Philander opossum, 302 m, 524 m (146 km S, 
7 km NE of Hato San Jose, 0644'N, 
6327'W) 
Heights of Ourepouche [Oropuche] (see El Cerro 
del Oropuche); St. David, Trinidad and To- 
bago 
Hermanos (see Dois Irmaos); Pernambuco, Ar- 
gentina 
Hickmann; Salta, Argentina (2312'S, 6334'W, 
Paynter, 1985) 
Thylamys pusilla, 280 m 
Highway 3 at junction of Highways 3 and 34; 
Jujuy, Argentina (2348'S, 6448'W, Flores et 
al., 2000) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Thylamys venustus 
Highway 29, 10 km W of Tfrafi; Jujuy, Argentina 
(2359'S, 6523'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Thylamys venustus, 5800 ft. (= 1810 m) 
Highway 62 (see Andalgala); Catamarca, Argen- 
tina 
Highway 65, between Andalgala and San Miguel 
de Tucuman; Catamarca, Argentina (not lo- 
cated) 
Didelphis albiventris, 2000 f (= 625 m) 
Highway 338 on road to Horco Molle, 4 km W 
of junction (see also Horco Molle); Tucuman, 
Argentina (2649'S, 6519'W, Caplonch et al., 
1997) 
Didelphis albiventris, 2750 ft (= 860 m) 
Thylamys venustus, 2750 ft (= 860 m) 
Higuerilla, 20 km E of Tilcara; Jujuy, Argentina 
(Tilcara = 2334'S, 6522'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Thylamys venustus, 2000 m 
"Hill Plot" (see Balcarce); Buenos Aires, Argen- 
tina 
Honda; Tolima, Colombia (0512'N, 7445'W, 
Paynter, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 230 m 
Marmosa robinsoni, 230 m 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



223 



Honda Bay (see Bahia Honda); La Guajira, Co- 
lombia 
Hoolie Island, Essequibo River; Rupununi, Guy- 
ana (not located) 
Marmosa murina 
Horco Molle, 25 km NW of San Miguel de Tu- 
cuman (also see Highway 338 on road to Hor- 
co Molle); Tucuman, Argentina (2645'S. 
6521'W, Mares et al., 1996) 
Didelphis albiventris (Reserva Biologica [ = 

Biological Reserve] de Horco Molle) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata, 650 m 
Thylamys venustus, 2400 ft (= 750 m) (Reserva 
Biologica [= Biological Reserve] de Horco 
Molle) 
Horcus; Chusquisaca, Bolivia (1929'S, 6433'W. 
USBGN) 
Thylamys venustus, 6000 ft (= 1875 m) 
Horquilla, Rio Machupo, 15 km above; Beni, Bo- 
livia (1241'S, 6432'W. Anderson, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Hotel Las Pozas, Villa Tunari; Cochabamba. Bo- 
livia (1657'S, 6523'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Hotel Tunquelen, 25 km E of San Carlos de Bar- 
iloche; Rio Negro, Argentina (San Carlos de 
Bariloche = 4109'S. 7118'W. Paynter, 1985) 
Dromiciops gliroides 
Huacapistana; Junfn, Peru (1 114'S, 7529'W, Ste- 
phens and Traylor, 1983) 
Didelphis albiventris, ca. 2500 m 
Huachipa; Huanuco, Peru (ca. 0930'S. 7552'W, 
Stephens and Traylor. 1983) 
Micoureus regina, 3000 ft ( = 930 m). 4600 ft 
(= 1430 m) 
Huajchilla; La Paz, Bolivia (1637'S, 6803'W, 
Anderson, 1997) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Thylamys venustus 
Huaijumbe (see Huajyumbe); Cusco, Peru 
Huajyumbe (= Huaijumbe = Huayjumbe); Cusco. 
Peru (ca. 1315'S, 7035'W, Stephens and 
Traylor, 1983) 
Chironectes minimus, 630 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Hualfin (= Gualfin); Catamarca, Argentina 
(2714'S, 6650'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Thylamys pallidior, 2220 m 
Hualtaran, Parque Nacional Sierra de Quijadas; 
San Luis, Argentina (ca. 3229'S, 6700'W. 
Mares and Braun, 2000) 
Thylamys pallidior, ca. 2800 ft (= 875 m) 
Huampami (= Kayamas), near Aguaruna Village. 
Rio Cenepa (also see Rio Cenepa); Amazon- 



as. Peru (0428'S. 7810'W, Mustrangi and 
Patton. 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosa rubra, 700 ft (= 220 m) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Micoureus regina, 212 m 
Philander andersoni, 700 ft (= 220 m) 
Huancabamba. Canchaque: Piura. Peru (0515'S, 
7925'W. Stephens and Traylor, 1983) 
Didelphis albiventris, 1198 m 
Huancabamba, km 30 on road to San Ignacio; Pi- 
ura. Peru (0515'S, 7929'W, Stephens and 
Traylor. 1983) 
Caenolestes caniventer, 3000 m 
Huanhuachayo; Ayacucho. Peru (ca. 1244'S. 
7347'W. Stephens and Traylor, 1983) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 1660 m 
Philander andersoni, 1660 m 
Philander opossum, 1 660 m 
Huanuco. on banks of Rio Huallaga; Huanuco. 
Peru (0956'S. 7615'W. Stephens and Tray- 
lor. 1983) 
Didelphis albiventris, 6600 ft (= 2060 m) 
Huaraco; La Paz, Bolivia (1710'S, 6755'W. An- 
derson. 1997) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Huarandosa, Rio Chinchipe; Cajamarca. Peru (Rio 
Chinchipe = 0528'S. 7832'W, Stephens and 
Traylor, 1983) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 915 m 
Huaras [Huarez]; Ancash, Peru (0930'S, 
7736'W, Stephens and Traylor. 1983) 
Thylamys pallidior, 3052 m 
Huayjumbe (see Huajyumbe); Cusco. Peru 
Huechun. Embalse (see Embalse Huechiin); San- 
tiago. Chile 
Huehuetan; Chiapas, Mexico (1501'N. 9224'W, 
Geonet) 
Marmosa mexicana 
Philander opossum 
Huemul. Nahuel Huapi; Neuquen. Argentina (ca. 
4055'S. 7130'W, Paynter. 1985) 
Dromiciops gliroides, 167 m 
Huepil; Biobio, Chile (3714'S. 7156'W, Geonet) 

Dromiciops gliroides 
Huichihuyan; San Luis Postosi, Mexico (2130'N. 
9857'W. USBGN) 
Philander opossum 
Huitanaa (= Iutanaa = Hyutanaha = Hyutanaham 
= "Hyunaaham"), upper Rio Purus; Ama- 
zonas. Brazil (0740'S, 6546'W, Paynter and 
Traylor, 1991) 
Marmosops noctivagus, ca. 50 m 



224 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Huite (= Puerto Huite), Isla Chiloe; Los Lagos, 
Chile (4207'S, 7327'W, Geonet) 
Dromiciops gliroides 
Humahuaca, 1 1 km E, 2 km E of Pucara on road 
to Cianzo; Chubut, Argentina (2312'S, 
6516'W, Flores et al., 2000) 
Thylamys pallidior, 1 1500 ft (= 3590 m) 
Humberto de Campos (see Miritiba); Maranhao, 

Brazil 
Humboldt (see Corupa); Santa Catarina, Brazil 
Hurlingham; Buenos Aires, Argentina (3436'S, 
5838'W, USBGN) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata, ca. 20 m 
Hyama Creek, Demerara River; Demerara-Mahai- 
ca, Guyana (0627'N, 5818'W, Geonet) 
Marmosa murina 
Hyde Park; Demerara-Mahaica, Guyana (0630'N, 
5816'W, Geonet and Times Atlas, 1992) 
Caluromys philander 
Marmosa murina 

Marmosops parvidens, 20 ft (= 6 m), 30 m 
Micoureus demerarae 
Philander opossum (Demerara River) 
"Hyunaaham" (see Huitanaa); Amazonas, Brazil 
Hyutanaba (see Huitanaa); Amazonas, Brazil 
Hyutanaham (see Huitanaa); Amazonas, Brazil 

I 

Ibarra; Imbabura, Ecuador (0021'N, 7807'W, 
Paynter, 1993) 
Didelphis albiventris, 6600-7500 ft (= 2060- 
2340 m) 
Ibiapaba (see Serra Ibiapaba); Ceara, Brazil 
Ibiato; Beni, Bolivia (1448'S, 6418'W, Ander- 
son, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Ibicui [Ibicuhy] (see Mangaratiba); Rio de Janei- 
ro, Brazil 
Ibirama (= Hamonia); Santa Catarina, Brazil 
(2704'S, 4931'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Monodelphis iheringi 
Ibitf (see Monte Alegre do Sul); Sao Paulo, Brazil 
Icabarii, 23 km NE; Bolivar, Venezuela (0420'N, 
6245'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis albiventris, 824 m 
Didelphis marsupialis (23-45 km NE of Ica- 
barii) 
Marmosa murina, 473-982 m (45 km NE of 

Icabarii) 
Monodelphis brevicaudata, 741-851 m (18-45 
km NE of Icabarii) 
Igarape Acu (= Colonia do Prata = Igarape Assu 
= Lazaopolis do Prata); Para, Brazil (0107'S, 
4737'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 



Marmosa murina, 50 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Philander opossum 
Igarape Amorin (= Amarim Igarape = Limontu- 
ba), Rio Tapajos; Para, Brazil (0226'S, 
5500'W, Hershkovitz, 1977) 
Didelphis marsupialis 

Metachirus nudicaudatus (E bank Rio Tapajos) 
Igarape Assu (see Igarape-Acu); Para, Brazil 
Igarape Bravo, Rio Tapajos; Para, Brazil (0224'S, 
5441'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Igarape Cacao Pereira (see Cacau Pirera); Ama- 
zonas, Brazil 
Igarape Grande, Rio Jurua; Amazonas, Brazil (ca. 
0635'S, 6950'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Gracilinanus emiliae 

Marmosa murina (W bank Rio Jurua, ca. 
0630'S, 6950'W) 
Igarape Maroi (see Marai); Para, Brazil 
Igarape Nova Empressa (= Nova Empresa), left 
bank Rio Jurua; Amazonas, Brazil (0648'S, 
7044'W, Patton et al., 2000) 
Marmosops neb Una 
Micoureus regina 
Philander opossum 
Igarape Porongaba, Rio Jurua; Acre, Brazil 
(0840'S, 7247'W, Patton et al., 2000) 
Caluromys lanatus (right and left banks) 
Didelphis marsupialis (right and left banks) 
Marmosops impavidus (right bank) 
Marmosops neblina (right bank) 
Marmosops noctivagus (right and left banks) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus (right and left banks) 
Micoureus demerarae (right and left banks) 
Micoureus regina (right and left banks) 
Monodelphis emiliae (right bank) 
Philander mcilhennyi (right and left banks) 
Philander opossum (right bank) 
Igarape Rio Branco, upper Rio Maraca, Mazagao; 
Amapa, Brazil (see Rio Maraca = 0032'S, 
5112'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Igarape Tapereba, Chaves; Para, Brazil (0010'S, 
4955'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Philander opossum 
Iguape; Sao Paulo, Brazil (2443'S, 4733'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Monodelphis iheringi 
Philander frenata 
Iguasii (see Puerto Iguazii); Misiones, Argentina 
Iguazu (see Puerto Iguazu); Misiones, Argentina 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



225 



llama; Yoro, Honduras (ca. 1456'N, 8813'W, 
Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Ilha das Oncas, left bank Rio Negro, near Miran- 
da, left bank Rio Jurua; Amazonas, Brazil 
(0555'S, 6138'W, Geonet) 
Philander opossum 
Ilha das On^as, opposite Belem; Para, Brazil 
(0127'S, 4833'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Chironectes minimus, ca. 10 m 
Ilha da Vitoria (= Ilha Victoria); Sao Paulo, Bra- 
zil (2350'S, 4500'W, Hershkovitz, 1992) 
Gracilinanus microtarsus, near sea level 
Ilha de Guahyba (see Ilha Guaiba); Rio Grande 

do Sul, Brazil 
Ilha de Marajo (= Caldeirao = Marajo); Para, 
Brazil (OTOO'S, 4930'W, Paynter and Tray- 
lor, 1991) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 10 m 
Marmosa murina, ca. 10 m 
Micoureus demerarae, ca. 10 m 
Monodelphis maraxina, ca. 10 m 
Ilha de Sao Sebastiao (= Fazenda da Toca); Sao 
Paulo, Brazil (2350'S, 4518'W. USBGN) 
Didelphis aurita 
Gracilinanus microtarsus 
Marmosops incanus, 150 m 
Philander frenata, 150 m (2348'S, 4525'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Ilha do Guahyba (see Ilha Guaiba); Rio Grande 

do Sul, Brazil 
Ilha do Mosqueiro, near Belem; Para, Brazil 
(0107'S, 4824'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Chironectes minimus, ca. 10 m 
Ilha do Taiuna, Rio Tocantins, opposite Cameta; 
Para, Brazil (0215'S, 4929'W, Hershkovitz, 
1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosops parvidens 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Philander opossum 
Ilha Grande; Rio de Janeiro. Brazil (2309'S, 
4430'W, Hershkovitz, 1992) 
Didelphis aurita 
Gracilinanus microtarsus, sea level (near Ilha 

Grande) 
Marmosops incanus, sea level 
Monodelphis americana 
Ilha Guahyba (see Ilha Guaiba); Rio Grande do 

Sul, Brazil 
Ilha Guaiba ( = Ilha Guahyba = Ilha de Guahyba 
= Ilha do Guahyba = Isla Guahyba), Porto 
Alegre; Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil (3004'S, 
51H'W, Hershkovitz, 1992) 



Gracilinanus microtarsus, sea level 
Ilha Mexiana, Fazenda Nazareth; Para, Brazil 
(0002'N, 4935'W, Paynter and Traylor, 
1991) 
Didelphis marsupialis, sea level 
Ilha Paxiuba. right bank Rio Jurua; Amazonas, 
Brazil (0319'S, 6600'W, Patton et al., 2000) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosa murina 
Marmosops parvidens 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Micoureus demerarae 
Ilha Victoria (see Ilha da Vitoria); Sao Paulo, Bra- 
zil 
Ilhazinha, left bank Rio Jurua; Amazonas, Brazil 
(0317'S, 6614'W, Mustrangi and Patton, 
1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosops parvidens 
Ilheus; Bahia, Brazil (1439'S, 3902'W, Mustran- 
gi and Patton, 1997) 
Didelphis aurita, sea level 
Marmosops incanus, sea level 
Iliapaba (= Cerro Iliapaba = Serra Iliapaba); 
Ceara, Brazil (0503'S, 4055'W, Hershkovitz, 
1992) 
Gracilinanus agilis 
Monodelphis domestica 
Illapel. between Illapel and Salamanca; Coquim- 
bo, Chile (Illapel = 3137'S, 7109'W, Payn- 
ter, 1988) 
Thyla??iys elegans 
Imperatriz (see Parintins); Amazonas, Brazil 
Inajatuba, lower Rio Tapajos; Para, Brazil (not lo- 
cated) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Inanez; Pasco, Peru (not located) 

Philander andersoni, 5000 ft (= 1560 m) 
Incachaca; Cochabamba, Bolivia (1714'S, 
6549'W, Paynter, 1992) 
Didelphis albiventris, 7700 ft (= 2400 m) 
Marmosops impavidus 
Marmosops noctivagus, 2350 m 
Monodelphis osgoodi, 2600 m 
Inca Mines (not "Juliaca"), Rio Inambari (= San- 
to Domingo); Puno, Peru (1351'S, 6941'W, 
Stephens and Traylor, 1983) 
Chironectes minimus (coordinates incorrectly 

given as 1530'S, 7008'W) 
Didelphis albiventris, 7000 ft (= 2180 m) 
Marmosops noctivagus, 1689 m 
Micoureus regina, 6000 ft (= 1875 m) 



226 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Independencia; Pando, Bolivia (1 126'S, 6734'W, 
Anderson, 1997) 
Gracilinanus agilis 
Marmosops impavidus 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Philander opossum 
Indillama (= Intillama); Pastaza, Ecuador 
(0135'S, 7754'W, Geonet) 
Philander andersoni (Rio Napo) 
Inga Pirca; Pichincha, Ecuador (0010'S, 
7823'W, USBGN) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus 
Ingeniero Guillermo N. Juarez (= Ingeniero Jua- 
rez); Formosa, Argentina (2354'S, 6151'W, 
Paynter, 1985) 
Gracilinanus agilis, 100 m 
Thylamys pusilla, 518 ft (= 160 m) (35 km S 
of Ingeniero Guillermo N. Juarez, 2411'S, 
6153'W) 
Ingeniero Juarez (see Ingeniero Guillermo N. Jua- 
rez); Formosa, Argentina 
Ingeniero Mora; Santa Cruz, Bolivia (1808'S, 
6312'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Gracilinanus agilis 
Marmosops dorothea 
Monodelphis domestica 
Ingenio La Esperanza; Jujuy, Argentina (2414'S, 
6452'W, Flores et al., 2000) 
Gracilinanus agilis 
Ingenio San Martin del Tabacal, Lote "Milagros"; 
Salta, Argentina (2316'S, 6415'W, Flores et 
al, 2000) 
Gracilinanus agilis 
Instituto Agronomico do Norte (see Belem); Para, 

Brazil 
Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Cientffi- 
cas (IVIC); Miranda-Guarico, Venezuela 
(1024'N, 6658'W, Handley, 1976) 
Caluromys philander, 1 600 m 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1460-1665 m 
Marmosops fuscatus, 1460 m 
INTA areas (see Estacion Experimental del Insti- 
tuto Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria); 
Buenos Aires, Argentina 
Intag, Penaherra; Imbabura, Ecuador (ca. 
0024'N, 7836'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Philander opossum 
Intervales (see Fazenda Intervales); Sao Paulo, 

Brazil 
Intervales Biological Reserve; Sao Paulo, Brazil 
(2420'S, 4825'W, Mustrangi, 1994) 
Marmosops incanus 
Intillama (see Indillama); Pastaza, Ecuador 
Ipanema ( = Bacaetava = Rio Ipanema = Rio 



Ypanema = Varnhagen = Ypanema); Sao 
Paulo, Brazil (2326'S, 4736'W, Paynter and 
Traylor, 1991) 
Caluromys philander, 950 m 
Chironectes minimus, 600 m 
Didelphis aurita, 600 m (Rio Ipanema) 
Gracilinanus microtarsus, 600 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Monodelphis americana, 950 m 
Philander frenata, 600 m 
Thylamys velutinus, 950 m 
Ipeau-Apez, suburb of Belem (see Belem); Para, 

Brazil 
Ipiranga; Sao Paulo, Brazil (ca. 2336'S, 4637'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Gracilinanus microtarsus 
Ipitinga, right bank Rio Acara; Para, Brazil 
(0157'S, 4811'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Philander opossum 
Iporanga, Lajeado; Sao Paulo, Brazil (2436'S, 
4834'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Philander frenata (Lajeado) 
Philander opossum (Parque Estadual Petar) 
Ipu; Ceara, Brazil (0420'S, 4042'W, Paynter and 
Traylor, 1991) 
Gracilinanus agilis, 250 m, 300 m 
Monodelphis domestica, 250 m 
Ipure (= Ypure), near Cumana; Sucre, Venezuela 
(Cumana = 1028'N, 6410'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Caluromys philander, 2350 ft (= 700 m) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Iquiri (see Ituxi); Acre, Brazil 
Iquitos (= Itaya); Loreto, Peru (0346'S, 7315'W, 
Stephens and Traylor, 1983) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 106 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus (Rio Maranon) 
Philander andersoni (0345'S, 7312'W) 
Philander opossum (left bank Rio Maranon- 
Itaya, 0345'S, 7312'W) 
Irazu; Cartago, Costa Rica (0959'N, 8351'W, 
Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Ireng Valley; Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo, 
Guyana (ca. 0405'N, 5930'W, Times Atlas, 
1992, and Hershkovitz files) 
Micoureus demerarae 
Iriteria (see Guama); Para, Brazil 
Irocanga; Para, Brazil (ca. 0230'S, 5510'W, Pat- 
terson, 1992) 
Marmosa murina 
Irupana, 2 km S; La Paz, Bolivia (1630'S, 
6728'W, Anderson, 1997) 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



227 



Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Iscayachi, Rio Tomayapo; Tarija, Bolivia 
(2129'S, 6457'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Isla Barro Colorado (see Barro Colorado): Colon/ 

Panama, Panama 
Isla Bastimentos; Bocas del Toro. Panama 
(0918'N, 8208'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Philander opossum 
Isla Brava; Chiriqui, Panama (0813'N, 8216'W, 
Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Isla Buenaventura; (Colon?), Panama (not locat- 
ed) 
Philander opossum 
Isla Cebaco; Veraguas, Panama (0732'N, 
8109'W, USBGN) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Chironectes minimus 
Philander opossum 
Isla Cigarron, Rio Negro; Amazonas. Venezuela 
(0144'N, 6702'W. Perez-Hernandez. 1989) 
Micoureus demerarae 
Isla Coiba (= Coiba Island); Veraguas, Panama 
(0730'N, 8142'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Isla Colon; Bocas del Toro, Panama (0924'N, 
8217'W, Geonet) 
Philander opossum 
Isla de Canas, 43.7 km NW of junction of High- 
ways 50 and 18 on road east (see junction of 
Highways 50 and 18): Salta, Argentina 
Isla de La Tuna (= La Tuna): Rocha. Uruguay 
(3440'S, 5409'W, Paynter, 1994) 
Didelphis albiventris, sea level 
Lutreolina crassieaudata, sea level 
Isla del Carmen; Campeche, Mexico (1842'N, 
9139'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Isla de los Pajaros; Chubut, Argentina (ca. 
4225'S, 64 31'VV, Paynter, 1985) 
Thylamys pallidior, sea level 
Isla del Rey, near Isla San Miguel: Panama, Pan- 
ama (Isla San Miguel = 0823'N, 7856'W. 
Gardner, 1973) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Isla de Maiz (= Great Corn Island): Zelaya, Nic- 
aragua (1215'N, 8300'W, Geonet) 
Marmosa mexicana 
Isla de Margarita (see Isla Margarita); Nueva Es- 

parta, Venezuela 
Isla Ella, Parana delta: Buenos Aires. Argentina 



(Parana delta boca = ca. 3343'S, 5915'W, 
Geonet) 
Lutreolina crassieaudata 
Isla Escudo de Veraguas: Bocas del Toro, Panama 
(0906'N. 8133'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Isla Gargantiia; Pando, Bolivia (1224'S, 6835'W, 
USBGN) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Philander opossum 
Isla Gobernadora: Veraguas, Panama (0733'N, 
8112'W. Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Philander opossum 
Isla Guahyba (see Uha Guafba); Rio Grande do 

Sul. Brazil 
Isla Margarita ( = Margarita Island = Isla de Mar- 
garita): Nueva Esparta, Venezuela (lTOO'N, 
6400'W. Paynter, 1982) 
Caluromys philander 
Marmosa robinsoni, 2-425 m 
Isla Maria Madre (= Maria Madre Island), Islas 
Tres Man'as; Sinaloa. Mexico (2135'N, 
10633'W. Geonet) 
Marmosa canescens 
Isla Nicolas Suarez (see Nicolas Suarez Island); 

Beni. Bolivia 
Isla Parida: Chiriqui. Panama (0807'N, 8220'W, 
Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Isla Popa: Bocas del Toro. Panama (0911'N, 
8207'W. Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Philander opossum 
Isla Puma: Colon. Panama (0914'N, 7954'W, 
Geonet) 
Philander opossum 
Isla Puna (= Puna = Puna Island); Guayas, Ec- 
uador (0250'S, 8008'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Isla Roble. Delta de Parana: Buenos Aires, Ar- 
gentina (Rio Parana ca. 3343'S, 5915'W, 
Paynter. 1985) 
Gracilinanus agilis, near sea level 
Isla Saboga (= Saboga Island); Panama, Panama 
(0837'N, 7904'W, Geonet) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Isla San Cristobal; Bocas del Toro, Panama 
(0915'N. 8216'W, Geonet) 
Philander opossum 
Isla San Miguel (= San Miguel Island); Panama, 
Panama (0823'N. 7856'W. Gardner, 1973) 



228 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Islas del Mafz (= Corn Islands); Zelaya, Nicara- 
gua (1210'N, 8302'W, Geonet) 
Marmosa mexicana 
Islas de Ometepe (see Ometepe); Rivas; Nicara- 
gua 
Islas Tres Marias; Sinaloa, Mexico (2125'N, 
10628'W, Geonet) 
Marmosa canescens 
Isla Victoria, Lago Nahuel Huapi; Neuquen, Ar- 
gentina (4056'S, 7133'W, USBGN) 
Dromiciops gliroides 
Istmo Ameghino; Chubut, Argentina (4225'S, 
6435'W, Mares and Braun, 2000) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Itabana al Sur de las Vegas; Cojedes, Venezuela 
(0930'N, 6836'W, Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Itabira; Minas Gerais, Brazil (1938'S, 4312'W, 
Varejao and Valle, 1982) 
Didelphis albiventris, 763 m 
Didelphis aurita, 763 m 
Itabirito; Minas Gerais, Brazil (2015'S, 4348'W, 
USBGN) 
Didelphis aurita 
Itabu Creek Head (see Boundary Camp); Upper 

Takutu-Upper Essequibo, Guyana 
Itabuna, 25 km W of Ilheus (= Fazenda Beijo 
Grande); Bahia, Brazil (1448'S, 3916'W, 
Mustrangi and Patton, 1997) 
Didelphis aurita 
Marmosops incanus, 50 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Itacoatiara; Amazonas, Brazil (0308'S, 5825'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Caluromys philander, 28 m (N bank Rio Ama- 
zonas) 
Didelphis marsupialis 

Marmosa murina, 28 m (N bank Rio Amazon- 
as) 
Monodelphis brevicaudata, 28 m (N bank Rio 
Amazonas) 
Itacuruca (see Itacurussa); Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 
Itacurussa (= Itacuruca); Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 
(2255'S, 4355'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis aurita 
Itahuania (= Itanhuania); Madre de Dios, Peru 
(1247'S, 7113'W, Stephens and Traylor, 
1983) 
Caluromysiops irrupta, 450 m 
Micoureus regina 
Itaituba-Jacare-Acanga (= km 212); Para, Brazil 



(0417'-0616'S, 5559'-5739'W, Paynter 
and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 45 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Monodelphis emiliae 
Itanhaem; Sao Paulo, Brazil (241 l'S, 4647'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Itanhandu; Minas Gerais, Brazil (2223'S, 
4451'W, Mustrangi and Patton, 1997) 
Marmosops paulensis, 1400 m 
Itanhuania (see Itahuania); Madre de Dios, Peru 
Itape Camp; Guaira, Paraguay (2551'S, 5638'W, 
Hershkovitz, 1992) 
Gracilinanus agilis, 200 m 
Itapetininga; Sao Paulo, Brazil (2336'S, 4803'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1 99 1 ) 
Micoureus demerarae, 641 m 
Itapoama, Rio Tapajos; Para, Brazil (ca. 0315'S, 
5510'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Marmosa murina 
Itapocu (see Rio Itapocu); Santa Catarina, Brazil 
Harare; Sao Paulo, Brazil (2407'S, 4920'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1 99 1 ) 
Caluromys philander 
Monodelphis unistriata, 131 m 
Itati; Corrientes, Argentina (2716'S, 5815'W, 
Paynter, 1985) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Itatiaya [Itatiaia] (see Pico das Agulhas Negras); 

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 
Itaya (see Iquitos); Loreto, Peru 
Itonama; Beni, Bolivia (1228'S, 6424'W, Payn- 
ter, 1992) 
Philander opossum 
Ituanaa (see Huitanaa); Amazonas, Brazil 
Ituverava; Sao Paulo, Brazil (2020'S, 4746'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1 99 1 ) 
Didelphis albiventris, 635 m 

Gracilinanus microtarsus, 605 m (2020'S, 

47047 ' W) 

Lutreolina crassicaudata, 635 m (2020'S, 
4727'W) 
Ituxi (= Iquiri); Acre, Brazil (0718'S, 6451'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Iucai (= Yucabf = Yucahy = Yucalf); Amazonas, 
Brazil (0013'S, 6649'W, Paynter and Tray- 
lor, 1991) 
Didelphis marsupialis, ca. 75 m 
Iutanaa (see Huitanaa); Amazonas, Brazil 
Ivinheima (see Rio Ivinheima); Mato Grosso do 
Sul, Brazil 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



229 



Iwokrama Reserve; Potaro-Siparuni. Suriname 

(ca. 0500'N. 59WW. Voss et al.. 2001) 
Marmosa pinheiroi 
Micoureus demerarae 
Ixiamas: La Paz, Bolivia (1345'S, 6809'W. 

Paynter. 1992) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Mannosops noctivagus, 222 m (13 km SW. 13 

km W of Ixiamas) 
Micoureus constantiae 

Micoureus demerarae (13 km W of Ixiamas) 
Micoureus regina 
Izamal; Yucatan, Mexico (2056'N. 8901'W. 

Geonet) 
Marmosa mexicana 



Jabaquara; Bahia. Brazil (1331'S. 3958'W. Cer- 
queira. 1984) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Jabuticabal; Sao Paulo. Brazil (2116'S. 4819'W. 
Paynter and Traylor. 1 99 1 ) 
Gracilinanus microtarsus, 605 m 
Jacare-Acanga. W bank Rio Tapajos: Para. Brazil 
(0616'S. 5739'W. Paynter and Traylor. 1991 ) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Jacarehy (see Jacarei): Sao Paulo. Brazil 
Jacarei (= Jacarehy); Sao Paulo. Brazil (2319'S. 
4558'W. Paynter and Traylor. 1991) 
Caluromys philander 
Jacarepagua; Rio de Janeiro. Brazil (2255'S. 
4321'W. Paynter and Traylor. 1991) 
Chironectes minimus 
Jaco. 10 km N; Puntarenas. Costa Rica (0937'N. 
8438'W. Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Jaguanum; Rio de Janeiro. Brazil (2300'S. 
" 4356'W. USBGN) 
Didelphis aurita 
Jaguaquara: Bahia. Brazil (1332'S. 3958'W. 
Mustrangi and Patton. 1997) 
Mannosops incanus. 600 m 
Jainu. right bank Rio Jurua: Amazonas. Brazil 
(0628'S. 6846'W. Patton et al.. 2000) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Mannosops neblina 
Micoureus regina 
Jalapa: Nueva Segovia. Nicaragua (1355'N. 
8608'W. Geonet) 
Chironectes minimus, 600 m. 660 m 
Didelphis marsupialis, 680 m 
Philander opossum. 660 m 
Jalapa: Veracruz-Llave. Mexico (1932'N. 
9655'W. Geonet) 



Didelphis marsupialis (5 km N of Jalapa) 
Mannosa mexicana. 4200 ft (= 1300 m). 4500 
ft (= 1400 m) 
Jamachuma: Cochabamba. Bolivia (1732'S. 
6607'W. Anderson. 1997) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Thylamys pallidior 
Jaque: Darien. Panama (0731'N. 7810'W. Geo- 
net) 
Caluromys derbianus (Rio Imamado) 
Chironectes minimus (Rio Imamado. Rio 

Jaque) 
Didelphis marsupialis (Rio Imamado) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus (Rio Imamado. Rio 

Jaque) 
Philander opossum 
Jardim Botanico: Rio de Janeiro. Brazil (ca. 
22 55'S. 4312'W. Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis aurita. ca. 1 100 m 
'"Jarikaba" (= Jarikaba Kreek); Saramacca. Su- 
riname (05 C 47'N. 55 D 22'W. Geonet) 
Mannosa murina 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Jarikaba Kreek (see ""Jarikaba"); Saramacca. Su- 
riname 
Jauja: Araucania. Chile (3804'S. 7155'W. Geo- 
net) 
Dromiciops gliroides, 610 m 
Jaunache (see Jauneche): Los Rios. Ecuador 
Jauneche (= Jaunache); Los Ribs. Ecuador 
(0120'S. 7935'W. Paynter. 1993) 
Caluromys derbianus. 50-70 m 
Chironectes minimus 
Didelphis marsupialis. 50-70 m 
Jenaro Herrera Biological Station; Loreto. Peru 
(0455'S. 73 C 40'W. Fleck and Harder. 1995) 
Philander mcilhennyi. 1 25 m 
Jequie; Bahia. Brazil (1351'S, 4004'W. Paynter 
and Traylor. 1991) 
Didelphis albiventris. 200 m 
Mannosops incanus. 200 m 
Jequitinhonha: Minas Gerais. Brazil (1626'S. 
41WW. Paynter and Traylor. 1991) 
Didelphis aurita. 245 m 
Jerico: Antioquia. Colombia (0547'N. 7547'W. 
Paynter. 1997) 
Micoureus alstoni. ca. 1500 m 
Jesus Carranza (= Santa Lucrecia); Veracruz-Lla- 
ve. Mexico (1726'N. 9502'W. Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus. 300 ft (= 90 m) 
Didelphis marsupialis. 300 ft (= 90 m), 450 ft 

(= 140 m) 
Philander opossum. 200-300 ft (= 60-90 m) 
(1726'N. 9501'W) 



230 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Jico (= Xico); Veracruz-Llave, Mexico (1925'N, 
9700'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 4200 ft (= 1300 m) 
Jimba (see La Jimba); Veracruz-Llave, Mexico 
Jimenez, Rio Jimenez; Limdn, Costa Rica 
(1013'N, 8343'W, USBGN) 
Marmosa mexicana, 700 ft (= 218 m) 
Joao Pessoa; Parafba, Brazil (0707'S, 3452'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Monodelphis americana, 45 m 
Joao Pessoa (= Eirunepe = Sao Felipe), W bank 
Rio Jurua; Amazonas, Brazil (0640'S, 
6952'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Marmosa murina 
Joinvile (= Joinville); Santa Catarina, Brazil 
(2618'S, 4850'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis aurita 

Gracilinanus microtarsus, sea level (near Join- 
vile) 
Micoureus demerarae, 4 m 
Monodelphis iheringi, 4 m 
Philander frenata 
Joinville (see Joinvile); Santa Catarina, Brazil 
Jordao Riberao (= Rio Jordao); Minas Gerais, 
Brazil (1826'S, 4806'W, Paynter and Tray- 
lor, 1991) 
Chironectes minimus 
Didelphis albiventris, 800 m 
Micoureus constantiae 
Jose de Melo; Minas Gerais, Brazil (1940'S, 
4335'W, Varejao and Valle, 1982) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Jose Marti, 19 km ESE; San Juan, Argentina 
(3153'S, 6802'W, Mares and Braun, 2000) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Jua, near Iguatu; Ceara, Brazil (Iguatu = 0622'S, 
3918'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Gracilinanus agilis 
Juan (probably Jua, see above), near Iguatu; 
Ceara, Brazil (Iguatu = 0622'S, 3918'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1 99 1 ) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Juanchito; Valle del Cauca, Colombia (0328'N, 
7629'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Chironectes minimus, 985 m 
Juan de Zalazar (see Fortin Juan de Zalazar); 

Presidente Hayes, Paraguay 
Juan Mina Station; Panama, Panama (Juan Mina 
= 0910'N, 7939'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis (Rio Chagres) 
Philander opossum (also 5 mi NE of Gamboa) 
Juazeiro; Bahia, Brazil (0925'S, 4030'W, Payn- 
ter and Traylor, 1 99 1 ) 
Didelphis albiventris, 371 m 



Juiz de Fora; Minas Gerais, Brazil (2145'S, 
4320'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis aurita, 667 m 
Marmosops incanus, 700 m 
Philander frenata 
Jujuy (see San Salvador de Jujuy); Jujuy, Argen- 
tina 
"Juliaca" (see Inca Mines); Puno, Peru 
Junction of Highway 14 and 2 de Mayo Road 
(Dos de Mayo Road); Misiones, Argentina 
(not located) 
Didelphis aurita 
Junction of Highway 21 and Arroyo Oveja Negra, 
2 km W of Parque Provincial Mocona; Mi- 
siones, Argentina (not located) 
Didelphis aurita 
Junction of Highways 50 and 18, 43.7 km N on 
road to Isla de Cafias (= 43.7 km N on road 
to Isla de Cafias); Salta, Argentina (2257'S, 
6433'W, Flores et al., 2000) 
Micoureus constantiae 
Thylamys venustus 
Junction of Highway 338 and road to Horco Mol- 
le, 4 km W (see Highway 338 on road to Hor- 
co Molle); Tucuman, Argentina 
Junction of road 34 and Puesto Viejo, 4 km E; 
Jujuy, Argentina (2429'S, 6459'W, Flores et 
al., 2000) 
Thylamys venustus 
Juntas de San Antonio; Salta, Argentina (San An- 
tonio = ca. 2308'S, 6420'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Thylamys venustus 
Juquia (= Rio Juquia), SW of Serra do Mar, N of 
Iguape; Sao Paulo, Brazil (2419'S, 4736'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis aurita 
Philander frenata 
Juquila; Oaxaca, Mexico (not precisely located, 
Geonet lists 3 localities of same name all 
around 1600'N, 9700'W) 
Marmosa mexicana, 1500 m 

K 

Kaiserberg Airstrip (see Kayser Gebirgte Air- 
strip); Nickerie, Suriname 

Kalacoon (= Kalakun); Cayuni-Mazaruni, Guya- 
na (0624'N, 5839'W, Stephens and Traylor, 
1985) 
Didelphis marsupialis, ca. 100 m 
Micoureus demerarae 

Kalakun (see Kalacoon); Mazaruni-Potaro, Guy- 
ana 

Kamakusa; Cuyuni-Mazaruni, Guyana (0557'N, 
5954'W, Stephens and Traylor, 1985) 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



231 



Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Kanavayen; Bolivar, Venezuela (0538'N, 
6148'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 3100 ft (= 970 m) 
Kanuku Mountains; Upper Takutu-Upper Esse- 
quibo, Guyana (0312'N, 5935'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 2000 ft (= 625 m) 
Marmosa murina (N of Kanuku Mts.) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 182 m (0300'N, 

5945'W) 
Philander opossum, 240 ft (= 75 m) 
Karanambo, Rupunumi River; Upper Takutu-Up- 
per Essequibo, Guyana (0345'N, 5918'W, 
Mustrangi and Patton, 1997) 
Marmosops parvidens, 1 00 m 
Kartabo; Mazaruni-Potaro, Guyana (0623'N, 
5841'W, Stephens and Traylor, 1985, and 
Times Atlas, 1992) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 100 m 
Marmosa murina 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Micoureus demerarae 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Kashmera (see Kasmera); Zulia, Venezuela 
Kasmera, base of Serranfa de Perija; Zulia, Ve- 
nezuela (1005'N, 7245'W, Perez-Hernandez, 
1989) 
Monodelphis palliolata, 20 m 
Kasmera (= Kashmera), Rio Yasa; Zulia, Vene- 
zuela (0957'N, 7245'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 270 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 270 m (1005'N, 

7245'W) 
Monodelphis palliolata, 272-273 m (0952'N, 
7243'W) 
Kates Lagoon; Cayo, Belize (1759'N, 8828'W, 
Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Kayamas, Aguaruna Village, Rio Cenepa (see 

Aguaruna Village); Amazonas, Peru 
Kayser Gebirgte Airstrip (= Kaiserberg Airstrip); 
Nickerie, Suriname (0310'N, 5627'W, Ste- 
phens and Traylor, 1985) 
Didelphis marsupialis, ca. 900 ft (= 280 m) 
Marmosops parvidens, 900 ft (= 280 m) 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Philander opossum, 900 ft (= 280 m) 
Kiteni; Cusco, Peru (ca. 1220'S, 7250'W, Ste- 
phens and Traylor, 1983) 
Didelphis marsupialis 

Metachirus nudicaudatus, 1500 ft (= 460 m), 
650 m ("60 km from Rosalina on road from 
Quellabamba") 



km 19, Itaituba-Jacareacanga; Para, Brazil 
(0417'S, 5559'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus (0420'S, 5605'W) 
Philander opossum (W bank Rio Tapajos) 
km 35 NW of Yucumo; Beni, Bolivia (1452'S, 
6707'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Gracilinanus agilis 
km 42, Highway 64, S of San Pedro de Colalao; 
Tucuman, Argentina (2620'S, 6533'W, Ma- 
res, 1996) 
Didelphis albiventris, 4700 ft (= 1465 m) 
Thylamys venustus, 4700 ft (= 1465 m) 
km 43, Altamira-Itaituba; Para, Brazil (0320'S, 
5215'W, Hershkovitz files) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
km 43.7 NW of junction of Highways 50 and 18 
on road to Isla de Canas (see Junction of 
Highways 50 and 18); Salta, Argentina 
km 46, Manaus-Itacoatiara; Amazonas, Brazil (ca. 
0308'S, 6045'W, Hershkovitz files) 
Caluromys philander 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
km 50, Manaus-Itacoatiara RR; Amazonas, Brazil 
(0309'S, 6043'W, Herskovitz, 1992) 
Caluromys philander 

Didelphis marsupialis (ca. 0308'S, 5825'W) 
Gracilinanus emiliae, 100-200 m 
km 51 (see Paramo de Guanacas); Cauca, Colom- 
bia 
km 70-80, Carretera El Dorado-Santa Elena de 
Uairen; Bolfvar, Venezuela (0600'-0629'N, 
6127'W, Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Didelphis albiventris, 100 m 
km 84, Santarem-Cuiaba; Para, Brazil (0232'S, 
5443'W, Hershkovitz files) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
km 87-94, Belem-Brasflia (see Capim); Para, 

Brazil 
km 88, Carretera El Dorado-Santa Elena; Bolivar, 
Venezuela (0600'N, 6127'W, Perez Hernan- 
dez, 1989) 
Monodelphis brevicaudata, 100 m 
km 90, Rodovia Belem-Brasflia; Para, Brazil (Be- 
lem = 0127'S, 4829'W, Paynter and Traylor, 
1991) 
Philander opossum 
km 94, Belem-Brasflia; Para, Brazil (0127'S, 
4829'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Philander opossum 
km 121, 85 km SSE of El Dorado; Bolivar, Ve- 
nezuela (0609'N, 6122'W, Pine, 1981) 
Marmosops pinheiroi, 1032 m 
km 124-134, Carretera El Dorado-Santa Elena de 



232 



FIELD1ANA: ZOOLOGY 



Uairen; Bolivar, Venezuela (0556'N, 
6127'W, Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Didelphis albiventris, 1100-1350 m 
Monodelphis brevicaudata, 1100-1350 m 
km 125, 85 km SSE of El Dorado; Bolivar, Ve- 
nezuela (0609'-0559'N, 6126'-61 22'W, 
Handley, 1976) 
Didelphis albiventris, 1032-1165 m 
Didelphis marsupialis, 193-1165 m, 1032- 

1165 m 
Marmosa murina, 1032 m 
Marmosops parvidens 
Marmosops pinheiroi, 1032 m 
Micoureus demerarae, 324-1032 m 
km 212, Itaituba-Jacare-Acanga Highway (see 

Itaituba-Jacare-Acanga); Para, Brazil 
km 216, Estrada de Santarem-Cuiaba (BR165); 
Para, Brazil (0417'S, 5559'W, Hershkovitz, 
1997) 
Philander opossum 
km 217, Santarem-Cuiaba Highway, E bank Rio 
Tapajos; Para, Brazil (0405'S, 5506'W, Pine 
and Handley, 1984) 
Monodelphis emiliae 
km 514, Highway 20, 6 km N; San Juan, Argen- 
tina (3154'S, 6804'W, Geonet) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Kuitaro River, 40 mi E of Dadanawa; Upper Tak- 
utu-Upper Essequibo, Guyana (Dadanawa = 
0250'N, 5931'W, Geonet) 
Micoureus demerarae 
Kunana, Sierra de Perija; Zulia, Venezuela 
(0925'N, 7225'W, Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Caluromys lanatus, 1140 m 
Kurinwas River (see Rio Kurinwas); Zelaya, Nic- 
aragua 
Kwatamang Landing (see Quartermile Landing); 
Rupununi, Guyana 



La Argentina, Rio Cubugon; Boyaca, Colombia 
(0703'N, 7215'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 2400 ft (= 750 m) 
La Azotea (see Parque Nacional Diamante); Entre 

Rios, Argentina 
La Azulita; Merida, Venezuela (0843'N, 
7127'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Marmosa robinsoni, 3500 ft (= 1090 m) 
Marmosops fuscatus, 1135m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 3500 ft (= 1090 m) 
La Batea, 5 km SW of Maron; Carabobo, Vene- 
zuela (1028'N, 6813'W, Lopez-Fuster et al., 
2000) 



Marmosa robinsoni 
La Belgica, 2 km S; Santa Cruz, Bolivia (1731'S, 
6312'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Philander opossum 
La Blanquita; Apure, Venezuela (0717'N, 
7150'W, Geonet) 
Philander opossum, 24 m 
La Blanquita, Parque Nacional Yacambu; Lara, 
Venezuela (0942'N, 6940'W, Perez-Hernan- 
dez, 1989) 
Micoureus demerarae 
La Boca Rio Saija (see Rio Saija); Cauca, Colom- 
bia 
La Cabana; Antioquia, Colombia (0718'N, 
7536'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis (0710'N, 7526'W) 
Marmosops parvidens, 1200-2000 m 
La Calera; Managua, Nicaragua (not located, may 
be La Calera in Granada, Nicaragua) 
Caluromys derbianus 
La Calera (= Calera); Valparaiso, Chile (3247'S, 
7112'W, Paynter, 1988) 
Thylamys elegans, 216 m 
La Calera, Nandaime; Granada, Nicaragua (Nan- 
daime = 1144'N, 8606'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Didelphis marsupialis (near Nandaime) 
Philander opossum (W of Nandaime) 
La Candela; Huila, Colombia (ca. 0150'N, 
7620'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Micoureus regina, 6000 ft (= 1875 m) 
La Carbonera (see Hacienda La Carbonera); Me- 
rida, Venezuela 
La Carolina, 3 mi N of Quito; Pichincha, Ecuador 
(Quito = 0013'S, 7830'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus, 9400 ft (= 2930 m) 
La Ceiba, 7 mi W; Atlantida, Honduras (1547'N, 
8648'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
La Ceiba; Trujillo, Venezuela (0928'N, 7104'W, 
Paynter, 1982) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 29 m 
Marmosa robinsoni, 16-29 m 
Monodelphis palliolata, 29 m 
La Chicharras (see Las Chicharras); Chiapas, 

Mexico 
La Chorera; Panama, Panama (0852'N, 7948'W, 
Wenzel and Tipton, 1966) 
Caluromys derbianus 
La Cienega, near Baruta; Miranda, Venezuela 
(1027'N, 6652'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Micoureus demerarae, ca. 900-1000 m 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



233 



Monodelphis palliolata 
La Concepcion; Carchi, Ecuador (0036'N. 
7807'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Philander opossum 
La Concepcion, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta; 
Magdalena, Colombia (944'N, 7425'W, 
Geonet) 
Marmosa robinsoni, 800 m, 3000 ft (= 930 m) 
La Conchita (see Hacienda El Limon); Distrito 

Federal, Venezuela 
La Concordia (see Caserfo Boro); Lara, Venezuela 
La Copa, 4 km NW of Montalban (see Montal- 

ban); Carabobo, Venezuela 
La Cruz; Valparaiso, Bolivia (1124'S, 6713'W, 
Anderson, 1997) 
Micoureus constantiae 
La Cruz; Santiago, Chile (3250'S, 7114 f W, Geo- 
net) 
Thylamys elegans, ca. 100 m 
La Culata (= Culata = Selva Culata). 17 km NE 
of Merida; Merida, Venezuela (ca. 0844'N, 
7105'W, Geonet) 
Gracilinanus dryas, 4000 m 
La Cumbre de Valencia; Carabobo, Venezuela (ca. 
1020'N, 6800'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Marmosops fuscatus, 5000 ft (= 1560 m), 
1700 m 
Laderas Iliniza; Pichincha, Ecuador (0040'S. 
7842'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus 
La Embocada; Beni, Bolivia (1503'S, 6658'W, 
Anderson, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosa murina 
La Erica; Barinas, Venezuela (0828'N, 7021'W, 
Geonet) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
La Esmeralda, Monte [Cerro] Duida; Amazonas. 
Venezuela (0310'N, 6533'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Caluromys lanatus, 100 m, 145 m (48 km NW 

of La Esmeralda) 
Micoureus demerareae 
La Esperanza; Cusco, Peru (ca. 1313'S, 7125'W. 
Pacheco et al., 1993) 
Lestoros inca, 2850 m 
La Esperanza, near San Carlos; Rio San Juan. 
Nicaragua (San Carlos = 1107'N, 8447'W, 
Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Philander opossum (ca. 1206'N, 8600'W) 
La Florida; Distrito Federal, Venezuela (1030'N, 
6652'W, Geonet) 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 



Monodelphis palliolata, 1000 m 
La Florida (= Piliguaya = Pitiguaya); La Paz, Bo- 
livia (1621'S, 6746'W, Paynter, 1992) 
Didelphis albiventris, 5600 ft (= 1750 m) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1750 m 
Gracilinanus agilis, 5800 ft (= 1800 m) 
Marmosops dorothea, 1700 m, 1750 m 
Micoureus regina 
La Fortuna, Cerro San Miguel; Amazonas, Ve- 
nezuela (not located) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 970 m 
La Fria, Colonia Agropecuaria del IAN; Tachira, 
Venezuela (0813'N, 7214'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys lanatus 
La Frijolera; Antioquia, Colombia (0710'N, 
7525'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1981) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1500 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 5000 ft (= 1560 m) 
(western slope Cordillera Central) 
Lagarto; Ucayali, Peru (1040'S, 7354'W, Ste- 
phens and Traylor, 1983) 
Didelphis marsupialis (ca. 1041'S, 7349'W) 
Marmosa lepida (Rio Ucayali) 
Marmosops impavidus (Rio Ucayali) 
Lagarto Cocha, right bank, upper Rio Ucayali; 
Ucayali, Peru (1041'S, 7348'W, Hershko- 
vitz, 1993) 
Philander opossum, 250 m 
Lagartococha. Rio Napo; Loreto, Peru (0039'S, 
7516'W, Stephens and Traylor, 1983) 
Micoureus regina 
Lagoa de Juparana; Espi'rito Santo, Brazil 
(1920'S, 4005'W, Hershkovitz files) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Lagoa do Monteiro; Parafba, Brazil (Monteiro = 
0753'S. 3707'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Monodelphis domestica 
Lago Agrio; Napo, Ecuador (0006'S, 7654'W, 
Geonet) 
Caluromys lanatus (left bank Rio Aguarico) 
Lagoa Santa; Minas Gerais, Brazil (1938'S, 
4353'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Caluromys lanatus, 760 m 
Chironectes minimus 
Didelphis albiventris, 760 m, 850 m 
Didelphis aurita, 850 m 
Gracilinanus agilis, 760 m 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Marmosops incanus, 760 m (also Mandi) 
Micoureus constantiae 
Micoureus demerarae, 700 m, 760 m 
Monodelphis americana, 760 m 
Monodelphis domestica, 760 m 
Monodelphis sorex (Rio das Velhas) 



234 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Philander frenata (1940'S, 4353'W) 
Thylamys velutinus, 760 m 
Lago Atescatempa (see Laguna de Atescatempa); 

Jutiapa, Guatemala 
Lago Balzon; Bolivia (not located) 

Gracilinanus agilis 
Lago Calima; Valle del Cauca, Colombia 
(0408'N, 7704'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1450 m 
Lago Catemaco; Veracruz-Llave, Mexico 
(1825'N, 9505'W, USBGN) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Lago Chapo, south side; Los Lagos, Chile 
(4127'S, 7230'W, Geonet) 
Rhyncholestes raphanurus 
Lago de Maracaibo (see Cordillera de Merida); 

Tachira-Merida, Venezuela 
Lago de Tefe (see Santo Isidoro); Amazonas, Bra- 
zil 
Lago de Valencia (see Punta Cabito); Carabobo, 

Venezuela 
Lago Diamante (see Laguna Diamante); Mendo- 

za, Argentina 
Lago do Arara; Amazonas, Brazil (0326'S, 
6122'W, USBGN) 
Micoureus demerarae 
Lago do Baptista; Amazonas, Brazil (0318'S, 
5815'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Caluromys philander 
Philander opossum 
Lago do Capiranga; Amazonas, Brazil (0314'S, 
6749'W, USBGN) 
Micoureus demerarae 
Lago do Ipixuna; Amazonas, Brazil (0352'S, 
5352'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Philander opossum (S bank Rio Solim5es) 
Lago Gatun (= Lake Gatun), Peninsula Buena 
Vista; Colon, Panama (0912'N, 7955'W, 
Geonet) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Philander opossum 
Lago Jiloa (= Laguna Jiloa); Managua, Nicaragua 
(1213'N, 8619'W, USBGN) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Lago Lacar; Neuquen, Argentina (4011'S, 
7130'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Dromiciops gliroides 
Lago Meduinim, left bank Rio Negro; Amazonas, 
Brazil (0147'S, 6123'W, Patton, pers. 
comm.) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosops parvidens 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Micoureus demerarae 



Philander opossum 
Lago Miranes, Rio Napo (see Rio Mazan); Loreto, 

Peru 
Lago Muyo; Santiago del Estero, Argentina 
(2842'S, 6250'W, Geonet) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Thylamys pusilla 
Lago Nicaragua (also see Rivas); Rivas, Nicara- 
gua (1126'N, 8550'W, Geonet) 
Marmosa mexicana 
Lago Olomega; San Miguel, El Salvador (ca. 
1323'N, 8803'W, Gardner, 1973) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 200 ft (= 60 m) 
Philander opossum, 200 ft (= 60 m) 
Lago Paraiso, Parque Nacional Puyehue; Los La- 
gos, Chile (4048'S, 7217'W, Geonet) 
Dromiciops gliroides, 950 m 
Lago Quillen; Neuquen, Argentina (3925'S, 
7118'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Dromiciops gliroides, 1000 m 
Lago Sandoval, Rio Madre de Dios; Madre de 
Dios, Peru (Sandoval = 1237'S, 6905'W, 
Geonet) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 133 m 
Philander opossum, 133 m 
Lago Tapaiuna (see Lago Tapayuna); Para, Brazil 
Lago Tapayuna (= Lago Tapaiuna); Para, Brazil 
(0323'S, 5816'W, Paynter and Tray lor, 
1991) 
Monodelphis emiliae, 25 m 
Lago Todos Los Santos; Los Lagos, Chile 
(4106'S, 7215'W, Geonet) 
Dromiciops gliroides, ca. 200 m 
Lago Vai-Quem-Quer (= Vai-Quem-Quer), right 
bank Rio Jurua; Amazonas, Brazil (0319'S, 
6601'W, Patton et al., 2000) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosops noctivagus 
Marmosops parvidens 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Micoureus demerarae 
La Granja, Itenez; Beni, Bolivia (1239'S, 
6410'W, Geonet) 
Monodelphis domestica 

Monodelphis kunsi, below 200 m (W bank of 
Rio Itonamas, 4 km N of Magdalena) 
La Grita; Tachira, Venezuela (0808'N, 7158'W, 
Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
La Gruta, Isla Colon; Bocas del Toro, Panama 
(0923'N, 8216'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
La Guaira; Distrito Federal, Venezuela (1036'N, 
6656'W, Paynter, 1982) 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



235 



Caluromys philander, sea level 
Didelphis marsiipialis, sea level 
Laguna (see La Laguna): Darien. Panama 
Laguna (see Laguna Verde): Valparaiso. Chile 
Laguna Blanca: Formosa. Argentina (2508'S. 
5815'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Philander opossum 
Laguna Chasico: Buenos Aires. Argentina 
(3838'S. 6306'W. Paynter. 1985) 
Didelphis albiventris, 25 m 
Thylamys pallidior, 25 m 
Laguna de Atescatempa (= Lago Atescatempa): 
" Jutiapa. Guatemala (1412'N, 8942'W. Geo- 
net) 
Philander opossum 
Laguna de Chacopata: Sucre. Venezuela 
(1041'N. 6348'W. Lopez-Fuster et al.. 
2000) 
Micoureus robinsoni 
Laguna de Las Catas. Tartagal: Salta. Argentina 
(2216'S, 6352'W. Flores et al.. 2000) 
Thylamys venustus 
Laguna de Los Padres. 17 km WNW of Mar del 
Plata: Buenos Aires, Argentina (3750'S. 
5750'W. Reig. 1964) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Laguna de Pozuelos: Jujuy. Argentina (2222'S. 
" 6601'W. Paynter. 1985) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Laguna de Purace. 0.8 E of Laguna San Rafael 
(0225'N. 7625'W. Paynter and Traylor. 
1981); Cauca. Colombia (0224'N. 7623'W. 
Patterson and Albuja. 1996) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus. 3100 m. 3300 m. 
3320 m 
Laguna Diamante (= Lago Diamante): Mendoza. 
" Argentina (3410'S. 6941'W. Paynter. 1985) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Laguna Gonzalez. Santa Ana: Corrientes. Argen- 
" tina (Santa Ana = 2901'S. 5629'W. Paynter. 

1985) 
Gracilinanus agilis 
Laguna Jiloa (see Lago Jiloa): Managua. Nicara- 
gua 
Laguna La Brea: Jujuy. Argentina (2356'S. 
6428'W. Flores et al.. 2000) 
Thylamys venustus 
Laguna Malleco: Araucania. Chile (3813'S. 
7149'W. Geonet) 
Dromiciops gliroides, 1050 m 
Laguna Mucubajf (see Laguna Negra): Merida. 
Venezuela 



Laguna Negra. Paramo de Mucubaji (= Laguna 

Mucubajf): Merida. Venezuela (ca. 0846'N. 

70 C 48'W. Perez-Hernandez. 1989) 

Didelphis albiventris, 3500 m 

Laguna San Rafael. Paramo de Purace: Cauca. 

" Colombia (0225'N. 7625'W, Paynter and 

Traylor. 1981) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus, 3300-3320. 3375 m 
Laguna Verde (= Laguna): Valparaiso. Chile 
" (3306'S. 71 C 41'W. Vaynter. 1988) 
Thylamys elegans, sea level 
La Guneta [Laguneta]: Quindio. Colombia 
(0435'N. 7530'W. Paynter and Traylor. 
1981) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus, 10300 ft (= 3200 m) 
La Higuera: Tucuman. Argentina (2613'S. 
6526'W. USBGN) 
Thylamys venustus 
La Horqueta. Tiara; Aragua. Venezuela (Tiara = 
1008'N. 6709'W. Geonet) 
Caluromys philander 
La Invernada: La Rioja. Argentina (3007'S. 
66 C 14'W. USBGN) 
Thylamys pallidior 
La Irma. Rio Abangares: Guanacaste. Costa Rica 
(Rio Abangares = 1010'N. 8505'W. Geo- 
net) 
Didelphis marsiipialis 
La Isla. near Cojoro. 37 km NNE of Paraguaipoa 
in Zulia. Venezuela: La Guajira. Colombia 
(Cojoro = 1138'N. 7150'W. Handley and 
Gardner. 1979) 
Marmosa xerophila, 5-15 m 
La Jimba (= Jimba): Veracruz-Llave. Mexico 
(17 C 55'N. 9525'W. Geonet) 
Philander opossum, 350 ft (= 110 m) 
La Joya. near Xilitla: San Luis Potosi. Mexico 
(Xilitla = 2226'N. 10048'W. Geonet) 
Didelphis marsiipialis 
Lake Gatun. Peninsula Buena Vista (see Lago Ga- 

tiin): Colon. Panama 
La Laguna (= Laguna): Darien. Panama 
(08%4'N. 8101'W. Geonet) 
Didelphis marsiipialis 
Marmosops invictus. 975 m 
La Laja: Bolivar. Venezuela (0603'N. 6129'W. 
Geonet) 
Didelphis albiventris, 500 m 
La Laja. upper Rio Orinoco: Amazonas. Venezue- 
la (03 C 10'N. 6533'W. Paynter. 1982) 
Marmosa murina 
La Laja. Campamento MOP. 109 km S of El Do- 
rado: Bolivar. Venezuela (600'N. 6127'W, 
Perez-Hernandez. 1989) 



236 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Monodelphis brevicaudata, 500 m 
La Lata (= Estancia Los Alpes), 10 km S (La Lata 
is 40 km N of Rosario); Colonia, Uruguay 
(ca. 3355'S, 5723'W, Paynter, 1994) 
Didelphis albiventris, ca. 150 m 
La Lengueta; Barinas, Venezuela (0830'N, 
7023'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Philander opossum 
La Libertad (= Libertad); Peten, Guatemala 
(1647'N, 9007'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 540 ft (= 160 m) 
Philander opossum 
La Libertad, 10 mi W; Libertad, El Salvador 
(1329'N, 8919'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
La Macarena (= Serrania de Macarena); Meta, 
Colombia (0245'N, 7355'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 300 m 
Lamarao; Bahia, Brazil (1145'S, 3855'W, Payn- 
ter and Traylor, 1991) 
Marmosops incanus, 300 m 
La Maria; Valle del Cauca, Colombia (0338'N, 
7643'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1400 m 
Lambari; Minas Gerais, Brazil (2159'S, 4525'W, 
Varejao and Valle, 1982) 
Didelphis aurita 
Lambayeque; Lambayeque, Peru (0642'S, 
7955'W, Stephens and Traylor, 1983) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 17 m 
La Mendoxa; Panama, Panama (not located) 

Caluromys derbianus 
La Merced; Catamarca, Argentina (2810'S, 
6541'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Didelphis albiventris 
La Merced; Junin, Peru (1103'S, 7519'W, Ste- 
phens and Traylor, 1983) 
Caluromys lanatus, 1000 m 
Didelphis albiventris, 1200 m 
La Montana, 3-4 km SE of Merida; Merida, Ve- 
nezuela (0835'N, 7108'W, Geonet) 
Gracilinanus dryas, 2250-2600 m 
La Mucuy; Merida, Venezuela (0837'N, 
7103'W, Geonet) 
Chironectes minimus, 2050 m 
Didelphis albiventris, 2050 m 
Gracilinanus dryas 
La Neblina, Cerro La Neblina (see Cerro de La 

Neblina); Amazonas, Venezuela 
Langamankondre; Marowijne, Suriname (0543'N, 
5401'W, Geonet) 
Gracilinanus emiliae 



Micoureus demerarae 

Monodelphis brevicaudata (left bank Marowi- 
jne River) 
La Palmilla (= Palmilla = Pamilla), Quillota; Val- 
paraiso, Chile (3248'S, 7114'W, Geonet) 
Thylamys elegans, 150 m 
Lapango, below mouth of Rio Pilcomayo, S of 
Asumcion; Central, Paraguay (Asuncion = 
2526'S, 5740'W, Paynter, 1989) 
Philander opossum 
La Papaya; Manabi, Ecuador (not located) 

Philander opossum, 50 m 
La Paraguay, 20 km W; Bolivar, Venezuela 
(0650'N, 6320'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
La Pastora, 14 km E of Mirimire; Falcon, Vene- 
zuela (lril'N, 6837'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Caluromys philander, 122 m (near La Pastora) 
Didelphis marsupialis, ca. 250 m 
Marmosa robinsoni, 150 m 
Marmosops cracens, 150 m (near La Pastora) 
La Paz; Cordoba, Argentina (3213'S, 6503'W, 
Paynter, 1985) 
Didelphis albiventris 
La Paz; Entre Rios, Argentina (3045'S, 5939'W, 
Paynter, 1985) 
Thylamys pusilla, ca. 50 m 
La Paz; La Paz, Bolivia (1630'S, 6809'W, An- 
derson, 1997) 
Thylamys pallidior 
La Paz; Mendoza, Argentina (3328'S, 6733'W, 
Paynter, 1985) 
Didelphis albiventris, 501 m 
Thylamys pallidior 
La Pedregosa (see Quebrada La Pedregosa); Me- 
rida, Venezuela 
La Pena; Atlantico, Colombia (1035'N, 7502'W, 
Paynter, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 15 m 
La Picada (see Volcan Osorno); Los Lagos, Chile 
La Picada Bajo (see Valle de La Picada); Los La- 
gos, Chile 
"La Picada Forest," Parque Nacional Vicente 
Perez Rosales (= Parque Nacional Vicente 
Perez Rosales = Refugio); Los Lagos, Chile 
(Refugio = 4104'S, 7228'W, Geonet) 
Dromiciops gliroides, 600 m 
Rhyncholestes raphanurus, 450 m 
La Plata; Buenos Aires, Argentina (3455'S, 
5757'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Lutreolina crassicaudata, 19 m 
La Ponchera; Tachira, Venezuela (0726'N, 
7152'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



237 



Philander opossum. 1 000 m 
La Poule: Saramacca. Suriname (0547'N. 
5525'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys philander 
Didelphis marsupialis (left bank Saramacca 

River) 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Philander opossum (left bank Saramacca River) 
La Poza. Rio Santiago: Amazonas. Peru (04 C 03'S. 
7746'W. Stephens and Tray lor. 1983) 
Caluromys lanatus. 180 m 
Didelphis marsupialis. 180 m (04 C 24'S. 

7738'W) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus. 180 m 
Philander andersoni. 1 80 m 
La Providencia. Turgua (see Turgua): Miranda. 

Venezuela 
La Purfsima: Tamaulipas. Mexico (24 C 17'N. 
9928'W. Geonet) 
Philander opossum (also 7 km S\V of La Pur- 
fsima) 
La Qiiiaca. 17 km W. 3 km S: Jujuy. Argentina 
(22WS. 6544'W. Flores et al..'2000) 
Thylamys pallidior 
La Quinta. Rancho Grande (see Estacion Biolo- 
gica de Rancho Grande): Aragua. Venezuela 
La Quinta: Barinas. Venezuela (0821'N, 7033'W, 
Geonet) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus. 600-1070 m 
Larangeiras. 20 km W; Beni. Bolivia (1313'S. 
62 D 21'W. Anderson. 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
La Reserva: La Paz. Bolivia (15'44'S. 6731'W, 
Anderson. 1997) 
Chironectes minimus. 840 m 
Didelphis marsupialis. 840 m 
Marmosops dorothea. 840 m 
Marmosops panidens. 840 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus. 840 m 
Micoureus constantiae. 840 m. 950 m 
Monodelphis adust a. 840 m 
Largarto Cocho (see Boca de Lagarto Cocha): 

Napo. Ecuador 
La Rusia (see Cordillera de Rusia): Bocaya/San- 

tander. Colombia 
Las Agiiitas. El Taficillo: Tucuman. Argentina 
(26 C 42'S. 65 C 22'W. Flores et al.. 2000) 
Thylamys venustus 
Las Bonitas. Cano Anaru: Barinas. Venezuela 
(0723'N. 70 C 44'W. Perez-Hernandez. 1989) 
Philander opossum 
Las Cascadas. near Gamboa; Colon. Panama 
(0905'N. 7942'W. Wenzel and Tipton. 
1966) 



Caluromys derbianus 
Las Chicharras (= Chicharras = La Chicharras): 
Chiapas. Mexico (1506'N, 9215'W. Geonet) 
Marmosa mexicana 
Philander opossum 
Las Condes: Santiago. Chile (3322'S. 7031'W. 
Geonet) 
Thylamys elegans 
Las Cruces: Santa Cruz. Bolivia (1747'S. 
6322'W. Anderson. 1997) 
Marmosa murina. 480 m 
Las Cuevas: Entre Rfos. Argentina (3221'S. 
60 C 29'W. Geonet) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Las Dos Bocas. La Sierra: Carabobo. Venezuela 
(09 = 57'N. 67 C 59'W. Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
La Selva Biological Reserve (see Estacion Biol- 

ogica de La Selva): Heredia. Costa Rica 
La Selva. Bogota (= Estancia La Selva): Cundi- 

namarca. Colombia (Bogota = 04 C 36'N. 
74"05 W. Paynter. 1997) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus 
Gracilinanus marica (near Bogota) 
Las Flores. Gracias (see Las Flores Pucca): Lem- 

pfra. Honduras 
Las Flores Pucca (= Las Flores. Gracias): Lem- 
pfra. Honduras (1442'N. 88 C 37'W, Geonet) 
Chironectes minimus 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Las Heras: Mendoza. Argentina (3251'S. 
68"49'W. Paynter, 1985) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Las Higuerillas. 5 km S on Highway 9: Catamar- 
ca. Argentina (27 r 47'S. 65 C 51'W. Mares et 
al.. 1997) 
Thylamys venustus. 2900 ft (= 900 m). 3580 ft 
(= 1120 m) 
La Sierra. Margarita: Nueva Esparta. Venezuela 
(1100'N. 64 C 00'W. Perez-Hemandez. 1989) 
Marmosa robinsoni. 100 m 
Las Lajas: Neuquen. Argentina (3931'S. 
70 C 22'W. Paynter. 1985) 
Thylamys pallidior. 640 m 
Las Lomitas: Formosa. Argentina (2442'S. 
60 C 36'W. Paynter. 1985) 
Didelphis albiventris. 135 m 
Las Lomitas: Santa Cruz. Bolivia (1753'S. 
63 C 07'W. Anderson. 1997) 
Gracilinanus agilis 

Marmosops dorothea (1755'S. 6308'W) 
Las Lomitas (see Lomitas): Valle del Cauca. Co- 
lombia 



238 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Las Maquinas, Santo Domingo Trail; Pichincha, 
Ecuador (0026'S, 7844'W, Bublitz, 1987) 
Caenolestes convelatus, 7000 ft (= 2180 m) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus 
Didelphis albiventris, 7000 ft (= 2180 m) 
Las Marias, 10 km NW del Paso Las Marias, 6 
km SE of Melo; Cerro Largo, Uruguay 
(3222'S, 5411'W, Paynter, 1994) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Las Marimondas (see Marimonda); La Guajira, 

Colombia 
Las Mesadas, Trancas; Tucuman, Argentina 
(2627'S, 6530'W, Flores et al., 2000) 
Thylamys pallidior, 2000 m 
Thylamys pusilla 
Las Mesas, 17 km NE of San Juan de Colon; 
Tachira, Venezuela (0810'N, 7210'W, Han- 
dley, 1976) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 460 m 
Las Minas; Veracruz-Llave, Mexico (1942'N, 
9707'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Las Palmas; Chaco, Argentina (2704'S, 5842'W, 
Paynter, 1985) 
Gracilinanus agilis 
Las Palmitas (see Guanico); Los Santos, Panama 
Las Piedras; Canelones, Uruguay (3444'S, 
5613'W, Paynter, 1994) 
Didelphis albiventris, ca. 100 m 
Lutreolina eras sic audata, ca. 100 m 
Las Porqueras; Merida, Venezuela (0903'N, 
7037'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis albiventris, 2450 m 
Micoureus demerarae, 2450 m (circa de Tim- 
otes) 
Las Quemadas, Valle de Suaza; Huila, Colombia 
(Rio Suaza = 0210'N, 7541'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Las Quiguas, San Esteban; Carabobo, Venezuela 
(1026'N, 6800'W, Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 250 m 
Monodelphis palliolata 
Las Rosas; Santa Fe, Argentina (3228'S, 
6143'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Lassance; Minas Gerais, Brazil (1758'S, 
4405'W, Varejao and Valle, 1982) 
Didelphis albiventris, ca. 500 m 
Las Ventanas, near Belen Gualcho; Ocotepeque, 
Honduras (Belen Gualcho = 1429'N, 
8848'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Las Ventanas, Lago Yojoa; Santa Barbara, Hon- 



duras (Lago Yojoa = 1452'N, 8759'W, 
Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Latal; Sucre, Venezuela (ca. 1010'N, 6355'W, 
Paynter, 1982) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 900 m 
Laterite Valley, Cerro Duida; Amazonas, Vene- 
zuela (Cerro Duida = 0325'N, 6540'W, 
Paynter, 1982) 
Didelphis albiventris, 6200 ft (= 1930 m) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
La Tigra; Bolivar, Venezuela (0730'N, 6135'W, 
Geonet) 
Didelphis albiventris, 250 m 
La Tinta (see Sierra de La Tinta); Buenos Aires, 

Argentina 
La Tirana (see Tamara), Rio Nechi; Antioquia, 

Colombia 
La Toma Capaya, Rio Marismita; Miranda, Ve- 
nezuela (1026'N, 6616'W, Perez-Hernan- 
dez, 1989) 
Chironectes minimus, 300 m 
Didelphis marsupialis, 300 m 
Monodelphis palliolata, 300 m 
La Torrecita (see Urdampilleta); Buenos Aires, 

Argentina 
La Trinidad, Hato La Trinidad de Arauca; Apure, 
Venezuela (071 l'N, 6905'W, Perez-Hernan- 
dez, 1989) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
La Trinite Montains; French Guiana (0437'N, 
5322'W, Francois Catzeflis, pers. com.) 
Philander opossum 
La Trinitaria (see Zapaluta); Chiapas, Mexico 
La Tuna (see Isla de la Tuna); Rocha, Uruguay 
La Tuxpena (= Chompoton); Campeche, Mexico 
(1827'N, 9005'W, Geonet) 
Philander opossum 
La Union; Miranda, Venezuela (1024'N, 
6647'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marsmosa robinsoni (El Hatillo) 
Monodelphis palliolata (El Hatillo) 
La Union, left bank Rio Caura; Bolfvar, Venezuela 
(0655'N, 6455'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Marmosa murina, ca. 200 m 
La Union (= Union); Los Lagos, Chile (4017'S, 
7305'W, Geonet) 
Dromiciops gliroides, 29 m 
La Urbana (see Estancia Tapikiole); Formosa, Ar- 
gentina 
La Urbana Vieja (see Estancia Tapikiole); For- 
mosa, Argentina 
Lavala (see Matagalpa); Matagalpa, Nicaragua 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



239 



Lavalle [La Valle]; Santiago del Estero, Argentina 
(2812'S, 6508'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Thylamys pallidior, 463 m 
Thylamys pusilla 
Lava Pes, Facao Road, Sao Luis de Caceres; Mato 
Grosso, Brazil (Sao Luis de Caceres = 
1604'S, 5741'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Monodelphis domestica 
La Vega, E of Bogota; Cundinamarca, Colombia 
(0500'N, 7421'W, Paynter and Traylor, 
1981) 
Chironectes minimus 
La Vega del Rio Chama (Rio Chama = 0903'N, 
7137'W, Paynter, 1982); Merida, Venezuela 
(3 La Vega localities given, one nearest to 
Rio at 0830'N, 7118'W, Geonet; ca. 
0833'N, 7113'W, Hershkovitz files) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1400 m 
La Venta; Tabasco, Mexico (1806'N, 9401'W, 
Gardner, 1973) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Philander opossum 
Lazaropolis (see also Belem); Para, Brazil (not lo- 
cated) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Lazaropolis do Prata (see Igarape Acu); Para, Bra- 
zil 
La Zumbadora (see Cerro Azul); Panama, Panama 
Leguia, Rio Pachitea; Loreto, Peru (not located) 

Marmosops impavidus 
Lelydorp (see Lelydorpplan); Para, Suriname 
Lelydorp; Wanica, Suriname (0542'N, 5514'W, 
Geonet) 
Marmosa murina 
Philander opossum 
Lelydorplan (see Lelydorpplan); Para, Suriname 
Lelydorpplan (= Lelydorp = Lelydorpplan); Para, 
Suriname (0537'N, 5512'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis (0545'N, 5516'W) 
Marmosa murina 
Philander opossum 
Leon; Jujuy, Argentina (2403'S, 6526'W, Payn- 
ter, 1985) 
Thylamys venustus, 1500 m, 1622 m, 5800 ft 
(= 1800 m) 
Leopoldina; Minas Gerais, Brazil (2128'S, 
4240'W, Varejao and Valle, 1982) 
Didelphis aurita 
Les Nouragues; French Guiana (ca. 0415'N, 
5245'W, Voss et al., 2001) 
Marmosa murina 
Leticia; Amazonas, Colombia (0409'N, 6957'W, 
Paynter, 1997) 



Caluromysiops irrupta, 100 m 
Libertad (see La Libertad); Peten, Guatemala 
Libertad; Loreto, Peru (0351'S, 7404'W, Geo- 
net) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 120 m 
Lilhue-Calel; La Pampa, Argentina (3800'S, 
6534'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Lestodelphys halli, ca. 200 m 
Lima; Lima, Peru (1203'S, 7703'W, Stephens 
and Traylor, 1983) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Limache; Valparaiso, Chile (3301'S, 7116'W, 
Geonet) 
Thylamys elegans, ca. 85 m 
Limacpunco, near Hacienda Cadena; Cusco, Peru 
(1328'S, 7055'W, Bublitz, 1987) 
Didelphis albiventris, 2400 m 
Lestoros inca, 2400 m 
Limao, right bank Rio Cotinga; Roraima, Brazil 
(0356'N, 6030'W, Paynter and Traylor, 
1991) 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Limao, Rio Jurua; Mato Grosso, Brazil (0848'S, 
5732'W, USBGN) 
Philander opossum (E and W banks) 
Lima Pareja, 4 km SW of Pueblo Viejo; Los Ribs, 
Ecuador (Pueblo Viejo = 0134'S, 7930'W, 
Paynter, 1993) 
Philander opossum 
Limbani; Puno, Peru (1408'S, 6942'W, Stephens 
and Traylor, 1983) 
Didelphis albiventris, 3350 m 
Lestoros inca, 8800-9500 ft (= 2750-2960 m) 
(3 mi N of Puno) 
Limoal, near Igarape Amorin; Para, Brazil (not 
located) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Limoeira da Anadia; Alagoas, Brazil (0944'S, 
3631'W, USBGN) 
Monodelphis domestica (Sitio Barracao) 
Limon; Ecuador (not located) 

Philander opossum, 1200 ft (= 375 m) 
Limon; Los Rios, Ecuador (0109'S, 7929'W), 
Geonet 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Limona; Loja, Ecuador (not precisely located) 

Didelphis marsupialis 
Limoncocha; Napo, Ecuador (0024'S, 7637'W, 
Geonet) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Didelphis marsupialis, 300 m 
Marmosops noctivagus 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 300 m 
Micoureus regina 



240 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Philander andersoni 
Limontuba (see Igarape Amorin); Para, Brazil 
Linhares; Espirito Santo, Brazil (1925'S, 
4004'W, Paynter and Tray lor, 1991) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Lins; Sao Paulo, Brazil (2140'S, 4945'W, Payn- 
ter and Traylor, 1991) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Lion Hill; Colon/Panama, Panama (0913'N, 
7954'W, Wenzel and Tipton, 1966) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Llamachaque, near Pelechuco; La Paz, Bolivia 
(Pelechuco = 1448'S, 6905'W, Geonet) 
Lestoros inca, 3150 m 
Llano de Merida; Merida, Venezuela (0800'N, 
7110'W, Hershkovitz, 1992) 
Gracilinanus marica 
Llera, Santa Isabel; Tamaulipas, Mexico 
(2319'N, 9901'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 2000 ft (= 625 m) 
Lloa, 3.5 km NE, Rio Condor Huachana; Pichin- 
cha, Ecuador (0015'S, 7835'W, Paynter, 
1993) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus 
Llunchi, Rio Napo; Napo, Ecuador (0037'S, 
7646'W, Hershkovitz files) 
Philander andersoni 
Loja; Loja, Ecuador (0400'S, 7913'W, Paynter, 
1993) 
Didelphis albiventris, 2200 m 
Loksie Hattie; Brokopondo, Suriname (0509'N, 
5528'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis (Saramacca River) 
Philander opossum 
Loma Cana, near Cerro Pirre; Darien, Panama 
(Cerro Pirre = 0751'N, 7744'W, Geonet) 
Marmosops impavidus, 4900 ft (= 1530 m) 
Loma de Famatima (= Cerro de Famatina); La 
Rioja, Argentina (2850'S, 6727'W, Paynter, 
1985) 
Thylamys pallidior, 3200 m 
Loma Jincho Asjata; Oruro, Bolivia (1803'S, 
6856'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Lomitas (= Las Lomitas); Valle del Cauca, Co- 
lombia (0338'N, 7638'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 4526 ft (= 1415 m) 
Marmosa robinsoni, 1400 m 
Loncovaca; Mendoza, Argentina (3639'S, 
6839'W, Geonet) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Longatoma; Valparaiso, Chile (3222'S, 7118'W, 
Paynter, 1988) 
Thylamys elegans, 23 m 



Long Bay, Isla Bastimentos; Bocas del Toro, Pan- 
ama (0923'-0906'N, 8135'-8214'W, 
USBGN) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Lonquimay; Araucania, Chile (3826'S, 7114'W, 
Geonet) 
Dromiciops gliroides, 915 m, 1340 m, 1520 m 
Los Amates; Izabal, Guatemala (1516'N, 
8906'W, Geonet) 
Philander opossum 
Los Campamentos, Patenemo; Carabobo, Vene- 
zuela (1026'N, 6800'W, Perez-Hernandez, 
1989) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Monodelphis palliolata 
Los Canales le Naiguata, Parque Nacional El Avi- 
la; Distrito Federal, Venezuela (1036'N, 
6644'W, Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Marmosa robinsoni, 800 m 
Monodelphis palliolata, 800 m 
Los Chorros, Caracas; Distrito Federal, Venezuela 
(1030'N, 6655'W, Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Didelphis marsupialis, ca. 980 m 
Los Chupones, Rio San Carlos; Cojedes, Vene- 
zuela (0945'N, 6838'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 380 m 
Los Cocos, 14 km S of Boaco; Boaco, Nicaragua 
(1206'N, 8554'W, USBGN) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Chironectes minimus, 220 m 
Los Colorados, 17 km E of Santo Domingo; Salta, 
Argentina (2437'S, 6320'W, Flores et al., 
2000) 
Thylamys pusilla 
Los Dos Caminos (= Dos Caminos); Guarico, Ve- 
nezuela (0952'N, 6720'W, Perez-Hernan- 
dez, 1989) 
Caluromys philander 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Los Encuentros, 4 km ENE; Zamora-Chinchipe, 
Ecuador (not located) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Los Guayabitos; Miranda, Venezuela (1022'N, 
6645'W, Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1 360 m 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Monodelphis palliolata, 1 360 m 
Los Giiires; Delta Amacuro Territorio Federal, 
Venezuela (0914'N, 6153'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Philander opossum 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



241 



Los Ingleses (see Estancia Los Ingleses); Buenos 

Aires, Argentina 
Los Manantiales (see Estancia Los Manantiales); 

Chubut, Argentina 
Los Menucos, 15 km SE; Rio Negro, Argentina 
(4050'S, 6808'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Lestodelphys halli 
Los Micos, San Juan de Arama; Meta, Colombia 
(0317'N, 7353'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Chironectes minimus, 400 m 
Gracilinanus emiliae, 396 m 
Metachirus nudicoudatus, 1300 ft (= 400 m) 
(Rio Giiejar) 
Los Palmares; Santa Cruz, Bolivia (1525'S, 
6100'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Philander opossum 
Los Parques Nacionales Conguillio; Araucania, 
Chile (3842'S, 7139'W, Jimenez and Ra- 
geot, 1979) 
Dromiciops gliroides 
Los Patos, 25 km SE of El Manteco; Bolivar, Ve- 
nezuela (OTll'N, 6222'W, Handley, 1976) 
Caluromys philander, 150 m 
Marmosa murina, 350 m 
Los Pozos, near Arenillas; El Oro, Ecuador (Ar- 
enillas = 0333'S, 8004'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Marmosa robins on i 
Los Reyes; Michoacan de Ocampo, Mexico 
(1935'N, 10230'W, Geonet) 
Marmosa canescens, 4000 ft (= 1250 m) 
Los Romanos; Tucuman, Argentina (2724'S, 
6508'W, Mares et al., 1996) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Los Sarmientos (see Sarmiento); Tucuman, Ar- 
gentina 
Los Tajibos (= Tojibos), 40 km E of San Borja; 
Beni, Bolivia (1450'S, 6622'W, Anderson, 
1997) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Los Teques; Miranda, Venezuela (1021'N, 
6702'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosops fu scat us 
Los Totumu; Beni, Bolivia (1400'S, 6350'W, 
Anderson, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Los Venados, Parque Nacional El Avila; Distrito 
Federal, Venezuela (1033'N, 6654'W, Geo- 
net) 
Caluromys philander, 1500 m, 1600 m (Monte 

Avila) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1400 m, 1475 m 



Gracilinanus marica, 1400 m, 1500 m, 1739 m 

(1032'N, 6654'W) 
Marmosops fuscatus, 1443-1500 m 
Los Vilos, 4 km S; Coquimbo, Chile (3154'S, 
7130'W, Geonet) 
Thylamys elegans, sea level 
Los Yngleses (see Estancia Los Ingleses); Buenos 

Aires, Argentina 
Lota; Biobio, Chile (3705'S, 7310'W, Geonet) 

Dromiciops gliroides, sea level 
Luca; Oruro, Bolivia (1936'S, 6753'W, Ander- 
son, 1997) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Lucie River; Sipaliwini, Suriname (0335'N, 
5740'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Luisiana (= Hacienda Luisiana); Ayacucho, Peru 
(ca. 1239'S, 7344'W, Stephens and Traylor, 
1983) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 500 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 300 m, 1900 ft ( = 
590 m) (left bank Rio Apurimac) 
Lujan de Cuyo; Mendoza, Argentina (3426'S, 
5832'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Lules; Tucuman, Argentina (2656'S, 6523'W, 
Mares et al., 1996) 
Thylamys venustus 
Lumbrera; Salta, Argentina (2512'S, 6455'W, 
Geonet) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Luque; Central, Paraguay (2516'S, 5734'W, 
Paynter, 1989) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Philander opossum (17 km E of Luque) 
Luya; Amazonas, Peru (0611'S, 7754'W, Geo- 
net) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 3600 ft (= 1 125 m) 
Luz; Minas Gerais, Brazil (1957'S, 4510'W, Va- 
rejao and Valle, 1982) 
Didelphis albiventris 

M 

Macaco, left bank Rio Jau; Amazonas, Brazil 
(0205'S, 6207'W, Patton, pers. comm.) 

Marmosops noctivagus 

Metachirus nudicaudatus 

Micoureus demerarae 

Philander andersoni 
Macaco Secco, near Serra Andaraf (= Andarahy); 
Bahia, Brazil, (Serra Andaraf = 1248'S, 
4120'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 

Didelphis albiventris, ca. 366 m 



242 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Macapa (= Belem Virus Laboratory); Amapa, 
Brazil (0002'N, 5103'W, Paynter and Tray- 
lor, 1991) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 15 m 
Marmosa murina, 15 m 
Philander opossum (Canal del Norte) 
Macchu Pichu, Ri'o Urubamba; Cusco, Peru 
(1307'S, 7234'W, Stephens and Traylor, 
1983) 
Didelphis albiventris, 10000-14000 ft (= 

3125-4375 m) 
Lestoros inca, 12000-14000 ft (= 3750- 

4375 m) 
Marmosops noctivagus, 2060 m 
Macchu [Machu] Pichu [Picchu], Urubamba, 
Cedrobamba Ruins; Cusco, Peru (1315'S, 
7233'W, Albuja and Patterson, 1996) 
Lestoros inca, 12000 ft (= 3750 m) 
Macchu [Machu] Pichu [Picchu], Urubamba, 
Runcaraccay Ruins; Cusco, Peru (ca. 
1314'S, 7229'W, Stephans and Traylor, 
1983) 
Lestoros inca, 13000 ft (= 4000 m) 
Maceira [Macieiras], Itatiaya [Itatiaia] (see Pico 
das Agulhas Negras); Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 
Machado Portela; Bahia, Brazil (1309'S, 
4045'W, USBGN) 
Monodelphis domestica 
Machado; Minas Gerais, Brazil (1957'S, 
4510'W, Varejao and Valle, 1982) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Machiques, Kasmera; Zulia, Venezuela (1004'N, 
7236'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 320 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 1150 m 
Macieiras, Pico das Agulhas Negras (see Pico das 

Aguulhas Negras); Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 
Mackerie (= Makerie), West River, Wilhelmina 
Mts.; Nickerie, Suriname 0326'N, 5645'W, 
Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Philander opossum, 3000 ft (= 930 m) 
Macuspana; Tabasco, Mexico (1746'N, 9236'W, 
Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 

Philander opossum (19 mi N, 5 mi SW of Ma- 
cuspana) 
Madden Road; Panama, Panama (ca. 0905'N, 
7938'W, Gardner, 1973) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Philander opossum 
Mafil; Los Lagos, Chile (3939'S, 7257'W, Geo- 
net) 
Dromiciops gliroides 



Magdalena; Beni, Bolivia (1320'S, 6408'W, 
Paynter, 1992) 
Philander opossum 
Maicolpue, 2 km S of Bahia Mansa; Los Lagos, 
Chile (Bahia Mansa = 4033'S, 7346'W, 
Geonet) 
Dromiciops gliroides, 50-110 m 
Rhyncholestes raphanurus, 100 m, 110 m (2 
km S of Bahia Mansa) 
Maimara; Jujuy, Argentina (2337'S, 6524'W, 
Paynter, 1985) 
Thylamys pallidior, 2230 m, 2300 m, 2500 m 
Maingot Estates, 5 mi up Sangre Grande River; 
St. Andrew, Trinidad and Tobago (Sangre 
Grande River = 1035'N, 6105'W, USBGN) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Makerie, West River, Wilhelmina Mts. (see Mack- 
erie); Nickerie, Suriname 
Malabrigo; Santa Fe, Argentina (2921'S, 
5959'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Mala Mala; Tucuman, Argentina (2647'S, 
6533'W, Mares et at, 1966) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Malargue, 12.8 km E; Mendoza, Argentina 
(3529'S, 6926'W, Mares and Braun, 2000) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Maldonado; Maldonado, Uruguay (3454'S, 
5457'W, Paynter, 1994) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Monodelphis dimidiata 
Mamatoco; Magdalena, Colombia (1114'N, 
7410'W Paynter, 1997) 
Marmosa robinsoni, ca. 25 m 
Mambita; Cundinamarca, Colombia (0446'N, 
7319'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Marmosops impavidus, ca. 1000 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus (S of Rio Guavio) 
Mamore (see Rio Mamore); Beni, Bolivia 
Manacal; Sucre, Venezuela (1036'N, 6228'W, 
Geonet) 
Caluromys philander, 180-575 m 
Didelphis marsupialis, 185-470 m 
Monodelphis palliolata, 415-417 m 
Manacapuru, near mouth Rio Negro; Amazonas, 
Brazil (0318'S, 6037'W, Paynter and Tray- 
lor, 1991) 
Marmosa murina, 34 m 
Managua; Managua, Nicaragua (1209'N, 
8617'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Didelphis marsupialis 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



243 



Mannosa mexicana 
Philander opossum 
Manaos (see Manaus); Amazonas, Brazil 
Manaus (= Barra do Rio Negro = Manaos): 
Amazonas, Brazil (0308'S, 6001'W, Paynter 
and Traylor. 1991) 
Caluromys lanatus (left bank Rio Negro) 
Caluromys philander (left bank Rio Negro) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Micoureus demerarae 21 m (also 80 km S of 

Manaus) 
Monodelphis brevicaudata, 21 m (left bank Rio 
Negro) 
Mandi. Lagoa Santa (see Lagoa Santa): Minas 

Gerais. Brazil 
Mandinga; San Bias. Panama (0928'N. 79 C 05'W. 
Geonet) 
Chironectes minimus 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Mangabeira (= Mangabeiras): Alagoas. Brazil, 
(ca. 0955'S. 3608'W. Paynter and Traylor. 
1991) 
Caluromys philander 
Didelphis aurita 
Mannosa murina, sea level 
Mangabeiras (see Mangabeira): Alagoas. Brazil 
Mangaratiba. (= Ibicuf = Ibicuhy): Rio de Janei- 
ro. Brazil (2257'S. 4402'W, Paynter and 
Traylor, 1991) 
Mannosops in can us, 50 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 50 m (Ciadade Mi- 

neradoras Brasileiras Reunidos) 
Philander frenata 
Manhua^u; Minas Gerais. Brazil (2015'S. 
4210'W, Varejao and Valle. 1982) 
Didelphis aurita 
Manicore; French Guaina (not located) 

Didelphis marsupialis 
Manu: Madre de Dios. Peru (1215'S. 7050'W. 
Stephens and Traylor. 1983) 
Chironectes minimus, 365 m 
Manu National Park (see Parque Nacional del 

Manu); Madre de Dios-Cusco. Peru 
Manuinhos: Brazil (not located) 

Didelphis marsupialis 
Manuripi Health National Wild Life Reserve: 
Pando. Bolivia (1 1 = 50'S. 6845'W. Anderson. 
1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Mapastepec: Chiapas, Mexico (1526'N. 9254'W. 
Geonet) 
Philander opossum, 8 m 



Mapenna Creek, ca. 6 km from Corentyne River: 
East Berbice-Corentyne, Guyana (0523'N, 
5722'W, Patton. pers. comm.) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Mapiri: La Paz. Bolivia (1515'S, 6810'W, Payn- 
ter. 1992) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 491 m 
Mannosops dorothea, 491 m, 2000 ft (= 625 m) 
Mannosops noctivagus 

Metachirus nudicaudatus, 2000 ft (= 625 m) 
Micoureus regina, 2000 ft (= 625 m) 
Maraba: Para. Brazil (0521'S, 4907'W, Paynter 
and Traylor. 1991) 
Caluromys philander 

Philander opossum (left bank Rio Tocantins. 
0520'S. 4910'W) 
Maraca. Serra do Navio (see Serra do Navio); 

Amapa. Brazil 
Maracaibo: Zulia. Venezuela (1040'N. 7137'W, 
Geonet) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Maracaju; Mato Grosso do Sul. Brazil (2138'S, 
55WW. USBGN) 
Didelphis albiventris, 500 m 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Maracas Valley. St. George: Port-of-Spain. Trini- 
dad and Tobago (ca. 10 o 41'N. 6124'W, Geo- 
net) 
Mannosops fuscatus 
Maracay: Aragua. Venezuela (1015'N. 6736'W, 
Paynter. 1982) 
Chironectes minimus, 445 m 
Didelphis marsupialis, 445 m 
Micoureus demerarae, 445 m 
Marai (= Igarape Maroi). right bank Rio Tapajos; 
Para. Brazil (0251'S, 5503'W, Patterson, 
1992) 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Marajo (see Ilha de Marajo); Para. Brazil 
Maranhao (see Sao Luis): Maranhao, Brazil 
Marcapata: Cusco. Peru (1330'S. 7055'W, Ste- 
phens and Traylor. 1983) 
Chironectes minimus 
Didelphis albiventris, 9000 ft ( = 2800 m), 3150 

m (13 C 30'S. 7054'W) 
Lestoros inca, 9000 ft (= 2800 m), 2812 m 
Mannosa murina 
Mannosops noctivagus, 3150 m 
Marco (suburb of Belem) (see Belem): Para. Bra- 
zil 
Mar del Plata (Cuidad): Buenos Aires. Argentina 
(3800'S. 5733'W. Paynter, 1985) 
Didelphis albiventris, sea level (Baliza Caviu) 
Monodelphis dimidiata (Baliza Cavivi) 



244 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Mar del Sur, 12.5 km SW of Miramar (see Mir- 

amar); Buenos Aires, Argentina 
Mar del Sur; Buenos Aires, Argentina (3820'S, 
5759'W, USBGN) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Ma Retraite, W bank Suriname River; Paramari- 
bo, Suriname (0552'N, 5508'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys philander 
Margarita Island (see Isla Margarita); Nueva Es- 

parta, Venezuela 
Maria Madre Island (see Isla Maria Madre); Sin- 

aloa, Mexico 
Marian; Napo, Ecuador (0002'S, 7620'W, Geo- 
net) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Didelphis albiventris 
Mariana; Minas Gerais, Brazil (2023'S, 4325'W, 
Paynter and Tray lor, 1991) 
Monodelphis americana 
Mariano Moreno (= Moreno); Buenos Aires, Ar- 
gentina (3439'S, 5848'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Mariato; Veragua, Panama (0743'N, 8058'W, 
Geonet) 
Marmosa mexicana 
Marica; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (2255'S, 4249'W, 
Geonet) 
Philander frenata 
Marienburg, left bank Commewijne River; Com- 
mewijne, Suriname (0553'N, 5503'W, Geo- 
net) 
Caluromys philander 
Marimonda (= Las Marimondas), Serrania de 
Perija; La Guajira, Colombia (ca. 1035'N, 
7245'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Didelphis marsupialis, 240 m, 312 m, 1000 m 

(1037'N, 7258'W) 
Gracilinanus marica, 1000 m 
Gracilinanus perijae, 1450 m (1052'N, 

7243'W) 
Marmosa robinsoni, ca. 1000 m 
Maripa; Bolivar, Venezuela (0726'N, 6509'W, 
Paynter, 1982) 
Caluromys philander, ca. 100 m (right bank 

Rio Caura) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus (E bank Rio Caura) 
Philander opossum (right bank Rio Caura) 
Mariquita; Tolima, Colombia (0511'N, 7454'W, 
Geonet) 
Marmosa robinsoni, 535 m 
Marmato, Valle de Suaza; Huila, Colombia (Rio 
Suaza = 0210'N, 7541'W, USBGN) 



Didelphis marsupialis 
Maroba (see Nova Vicosa); Bahia, Brazil 
Maromba (see Pico das Agulhas Negras); Rio de 

Janeiro, Brazil 
Maroni (see Maroni River); Marowijne, Suriname 
Maroni River (= Maroni); Marowijne, Suriname 
(0545'N, 5358'W, Geonet) 
Marmosa murina 
Masagua, Finca Santillana del Esquintla; Esquin- 
tla, Guatemala (1412'N, 9051'W, Geonet) 
Philander opossum 
Masaya; Masaya, Nicaragua (1158'N, 8606'W, 
Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Macuspana; Tabasco, Mexico (1745'N, 9236'W, 
Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Masisea; Ucayali, Peru (0836'S, 7419'W, Ste- 
phens and Traylor, 1983) 
Caluromys lanatus, 225 m (right bank Rio Uca- 
yali) 
Micoureus regina, 225 m (near Masisea, left 
bank Rio Ucayali) 
Mata de Caixa D'Agua; Espirito Santo, Brazil 
(2038'S, 4055'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis aurita 
Matagalpa; Matagalpa, Nicaragua (1255'N, 
8555'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Didelphis marsupialis (Savala [Lavala]) 
Marmosa mexicana 
Mata Salada, Hato Acapulco; Apure, Venezuela 
(ca. 0707'N, 6945'W, Perez-Hernandez, 
1989) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Mateus Leme; Minas Gerais, Brazil (2000'S, 
4428'W, Varejao and Valle, 1982) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Matfas Romero, N of Rio Sarabia; Oaxaca, Mex- 
ico (1653'N, 9502'W, Geonet) 
Chironectes minimus, 1 800 m 
Philander opossum (S of Matfas Romero) 
Matichaca, near Puente Malalma; Junin, Peru 
(1114'S, 7532'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis albiventris, ca. 6400 ft (= 2000 m) 
Matipoo (see Rio Matipo); Minas Gerais, Brazil 
Mato do Larva d'Agua, 1.7 km from Santa Tereza 

(see Santa Teresa); Espirito Santo, Brazil 
Mato Grosso [Matogrosso]; Mato Grosso, Brazil 
(1500'S, 5957'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Caluromys philander (Rio Jurare) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Philander opossum 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



245 



Mato Verde; Minas Gerais, Brazil (1523'S, 
4253'W, Varejao and Valle, 1982) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Matozinhos; Minas Gerais, Brazil (19 C 30'S, 
4408'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis albiventris, 812 m 
Mattas do Piroculina (see Piroculina); Rondonia. 

Brazil 
Matucana, Rio Rimac, Huarochiri; Lima, Peru 
(1151'S, 7624'W, Stephens and Traylor, 
1983) 
Thylamys pallidior, 8200 ft (= 2560 m) 
Matura; St. Andrew, Trinidad and Tobago 
(1040'N, 6104'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Maturfn; Monagas, Venezuela (0945'N, 631 l'W. 
Paynter, 1982) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 74 m (32 km SE of Ma- 
turin) 
Gracilinanus emiliae 
Lutreolina crassicaudata, 1A m 
Micoureus demerarae, 74 m 
Mavaca, Alto Rio Orinoco; Amazonas, Venezuela 
(0231'N, 6510'W, Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Marmosa murina, 200 m 
Philander andersoni, 200 m 
Maxon Ranch; Panama, Panama (0857'N, 
8000'W, Wenzel and Tipton, 1966) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Maynas; Loreto, Peru (not located) 

Philander andersoni 
Mazagao, Rio Maraca; Amapa, Brazil (0007'S, 
5117'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Caluromys philander 
Philander opossum (right bank) 
Mazagao; Para. Brazil (0220'S, 4925'W, Paynter 
and Traylor, 1991) 
Philander opossum (right bank Rio Tocantins) 
Mazan; Azuay, Ecuador (0252'S, 7908'W. Bub- 
litz. 1987) 
Caenolestes caniventer, 2700 m 
Mazatlan; Sinaloa, Mexico (2313'N, 10625'W, 
Geonet) 
Marmosa canescens 
Mecapaca; La Paz, Bolivia (1640'S, 6801'W, 
Anderson. 1997) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Thylamys venustus 
Mecatepe, Nandaime; Granada, Nicaragua 
(1146'N, 8557'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 

Philander opossum (2 km N, 1 1 km E of Nan- 
daime) 



Medelh'n; Antioquia, Colombia (0615'N, 
7535'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Caluromys derbianus, 1538 m 
Chironectes minimus 
Marmosa murina 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Medina; Cundinamarca. Colombia (0430'N, 
7321'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Marmosops impavidus, 576 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus (eastern slope Andes) 
Mendes; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (2232'S, 
4344'W, Mustrangi and Patton, 1997) 
Marmosops incanus, 400 m 
Mendoza (= San Nicolas); Amazonas, Peru 
(0620'S. 7724'W. Stephens and Traylor, 
1983) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 4500 ft (= 1400 m) 
Marmosops impavidus, 4500 ft (= 1400 m) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 4500 ft (= 1400 m) 
(Rio Huambe) 
Mendoza, 37 km N; Mendoza, Argentina 
(3253'S, 6849'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Thylamys pallidior 
Menocucho, 16 km ENE; La Libertad, Peru 
(080LS, 7850'W, Stephens and Traylor, 
1983) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1000 ft (= 300 m) 
Mennoniten Kolinien (see Colonia Mennonita); 

Boqueron, Paraguay 
Mera; Pastaza. Ecuador (0127'S, 7807'W, Payn- 
ter. 1993) 
Chironectes minimus 
Didelphis albiventris, 1100 m 
Marmosa murina 
Marmosops noctivagus, 1140 m (0128'S, 

7808'W) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Monodelphis adust a 
Philander opossum 
Mercedes. 6 km S and opposite Buena Hora, Bra- 
zil, Rio Guapore; Santa Cruz, Bolivia 
(1536'S, 6022'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Philander opossum 
Merey, opposite Brazo Casiquiare; Amazonas, 
Venezuela (0217'N, 6711'W, Hershkovitz, 
1997) 
Philander andersoni 
Merida; Merida, Venezuela (0836'N, 7108'W, 
Paynter. 1982) 
Didelphis albiventris, 1630 m, 1641 m, 7000 ft 

(= 2180 m), 9000 ft (= 2800 m) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 7000 ft (= 2180 m) 
Gracilinanus dryas, 1630 m 



246 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Gracilinanus marica, 1641 m 
Marmosa robinsoni, 1641 m 
Marmosops fuscatus, 1600 m, 1630 m, 1641 m 
Philander opossum 
Merredor; Beni, Bolivia (ca. 1 141 'S, 6505'W, 
Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Philander opossum 
Mesa Bolivar; Merida, Venezuela (0829'N, 
7136'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Mesada de las Colmenas, Parque Nacional Cali- 
legua; Jujuy, Argentina (2342'S, 6452'W, 
Flores et al., 2000) 
Micoureus constantiae, 1150 m, 550 m 
Thylamys venustus, 1150 m 
Meseta de Huanchaca, Parque Nacional Noel 
Kempff Mercado; Santa Cruz, Bolivia 
(1425'S, 6050'W, Tarifa and Anderson, 
1997) 
Glironia venusta 
Meseta El Pedrero; Santa Cruz, Argentina 
(4617'S, 6905'W, Geonet) 
Lestodelphys halli 
Meta and Vichada (Sabanas of); Colombia (not 
precisely located) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Metates, 5.3 km SSW of, Sierra Juarez; Oaxaca, 
Mexico (1546'N, 9618'W, USBGN) 
Philander opossum, 1280 m 
Metlaltoyuca; Puebla, Mexico (2045'N, 9751'W, 
Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Philander opossum 
Middle Camp (= Central Camp), Cerro Duida; 
Amazonas, Venezuela (Cerro Duida = 
0325'N, 6540'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 100 m 
Marmosa murina, 350 ft (= 110 m), 4800 ft 
(= 1500 m) (foot of Cerro Duida) 
Milagres; Ceara, Brazil (0717'S, 3857'W, 
USBGN) 
Monodelphis domestica (Sitio Camara) 
Milla, Sierra de Merida; Merida, Venezuela 
(0830'N, 7122'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Marmosa robinsoni, ca. 1110m 
Mina Altamira; Atacama, Chile (2627'S, 
7019'W, Geonet) 
Thylamys elegans 
Mina Carbon, Zea; Merida, Venezuela (0823'N, 
7147'W, Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Monodelphis palliolata 
Philander opossum 
Mina Pirquitas, 31 km SE on road 74b, Sierra de 



Quichagua; Jujuy, Argentina (2254'S, 
6619'W, Flores et al., 2000) 
Thylamys pallidior, 4200 m 
Minas Capillitas; Catamarca, Argentina (2720'S, 
6625'W, Mares et al., 1997) 
Thylamys pallidior, 3200 m 
Minas de Aroa, 19-30 km NW of San Felipe; 
Yaracuy, Venezuela (1025'N, 6854'W, Han- 
dley, 1976) 
Chironectes minimus, 395 m 
Didelphis marsupialis, 395-1400 m 
Monodelphis palliolata, 400-430 m 
Minas de Oro; Comayagua, Honduras (1425'N, 
8738'W, Geonet) 
Chironectes minimus 
Minca; Magdalena, Colombia (1109'N, 7407'W, 
Paynter, 1997) 
Caluromys lanatus, 2200 m 
Marmosa robinsoni, 2000 ft (= 625 m), 675 m 
Mindo; Pichincha, Ecuador (0002'S, 7848'W, 
Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus, 4200 ft (= 1270 m) 
Chironectes minimus 
Didelphis albiventris, 1100 m 
Marmosa robinsoni, 1264 m 
Marmosops impavidus, 4200 ft (= 1300 m) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 4200 ft (= 1300 m), 

4213 ft (= 1300 m) 
Micoureus regina, 5500 ft (= 1700 m) 
Philander opossum, 3500 ft (= 1090 m) (below 
Mindo) 
Minnehaha Creek; Potaro-Suparuni, Guyana 
(0508'N, 5907'W, Geonet) 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Mirador, Rio Napo; Tungurahua, Ecuador (ca. 
0126'S, 7815'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Marmosa murina 
Marmosops noctivagus 
Mirador (= Montanas de Mirador); Guayas, Ec- 
uador (0135'S, 7953'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Mirador; Veracruz-Llave, Mexico (1913'N, 
9651'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosa mexicana 
Miraflores; Boyaca, Colombia (0512'N, 7312'W, 
Paynter, 1997) 
Micoureus alstoni 
Micoureus demerarae 
Miramar; Buenos Aires, Argentina (3816'S, 
5751'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Didelphis albiventris, sea level (Mar del Sur, 

12.5 km SW of Miramar) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata, sea level 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



247 



Monodelphis dimidiata. sea level 
Miramar: Tabasco. Mexico (1831'N. 9244'W. 
Geonet) 
Philander opossum 
Miranda; Mato Grosso do Sul. Brazil (20 C 14'S. 
5622'W, Paynter and Tray lor. 1991) 
Monodelphis domestica 
Philander opossum 
Mirapinima (see Miripinima): Amazonas. Brazil 
Mirimire: Falcon. Venezuela (1110'N. 6843'W. 
Geonet) 
Caluromys philander ( 14 km ENE of Mirimire) 
Didelphis marsupialis. 130-250 m (14 km 

ENE of Mirimire) 
Marmosa robinsoni, 90-250 m (near Mirimire) 
Marmosops cracens, 170 m (5 km and 13 km 

E of Mirimire. 1 115'N. 6813'W) 
Monodelphis palliolata 
Miripinima (= Mirapinima): Amazonas. Brazil 
(0211'S. 6108'W. Paynter and Traylor. 
1991) 
Didelphis marsupialis, ca. 25 m 
Miritiba (= Humberto de Campos): Maranhao. 
Brazil (0237'S. 4327'W. Paynter and Tray- 
lor. 1991) 
Caluromys philander 
Mision. W of Concepcion (= Misiones): Chaco. 
Paraguay (not located) 
Thylamys pusilla. 100 m 
Mision del Tocuco (= Mision Tukuko): Zulia. Ve- 
nezuela (0945'N. 7245'W. Perez-Hernan- 
dez. 1989) 
Caluromys lanatus. 250 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Misiones. W of Concepcion (see Mision): Chaco. 

Paraguay 
Mision Tukuko (see Mision del Tucuco): Zulia. 

Venezuela 
Missao Velha: Ceara. Brazil (0715'S. 3908'W. 
USBGN) 
Monodelphis domestica (Si'tio Araruna. Si'tio 
Cinta da Solidade. Si'tio Emboscada. Si'tio 
Lapinha) 
Mitla. 25 mi S of Oaxaca: Oaxaca. Mexico 
(1655'N, 9624'W. Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Miyuyoc: Jujuy. Argentina (2251'S. 6518'W. 
Flores et al.. 2000) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Mocajuba: Para. Brazil (0235'S. 4930'W. Payn- 
ter and Traylor. 1991) 
Didelphis marsupialis. 30 m (Rio Tocantins) 
Philander opossum (E bank Rio Tocantins) 



Mocombinho. Manga. Rio Sao Francisco: Minas 
Gerais. Brazil (1610'S. 4321'W. Geonet) 
Marmosops incanus. 500 m 
Moengo: Marowijne. Suriname (0537'N. 
5424'W. Geonet) 
Marmosa murina 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Philander opossum 
Mogi das Cruzes: Sao Paulo. Brazil (2331'S, 
4611'W, Paynter and Traylor. 1991) 
Monodelphis sore.x. 737 m 
Mohinga Valley (= Rio Mojinga). 3 mi S of Fort 
Sherman: Colon. Panama (0917'N. 7958'W. 
Geonet) 
Chironectes minimus 
Moira Camp (see Moire): La Paz. Bolivia 
Moire (= Moire Camp = Moira Camp); Alto Rio 
Madidi: La Paz. Bolivia (1335'S. 6846'W. 
Anderson. 1997) 

Marmosa murina. 170 m 
Marmosops noctivagus 
Moire Camp (see Moire): La Paz. Bolivia 
Mojinga Swamp; Colon. Panama (0918'N, 
7957'W. Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Moju (see Rio Mojui): Para. Brazil 
Mojui dos Campos (see Rio Mojui); Para. Brazil 
Molleturo: Azuay. Ecuador (02 D 48'S. 7926'W. 
Paynter. 1993) 
Caenolestes caniventer. 7600 ft (= 2375 m) 
Caenolestes fidiginosus. 7600 ft (= 2375 m) 
Didelphis albiventris. 7600 ft (= 2375 m) 
Montalban (= Hacienda El Merey): Carabobo. 
Venezuela <1009'-1017'N, 6821- 
68 C 12'W. Handley. 1976) 
Caluromys philander. 598 m (near Montalban. 

1011'N. 6820'W) 
Didelphis marsupialis. 562-1000 m (1013'N. 

6820'W) 
Marmosa robinsoni. 562-1000 m 
Marmosops fuscatus. 1513-1537 m (La Copa. 
4 km NW of Montalban. 1013'N. 6820'W) 
Monodelphis palliolata. 562-598 m 
Montalvo: Pastaza. Ecuador (0204'S. 7658'W. 
Paynter. 1993) 
Caluromys lanatus. 250 m 
Didelphis marsupialis. 250 m 
Glironia venusta. 250 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus. 314 m (Rio Bobon- 

aza) 
Philander andersoni (right bank Rio Bobonaza) 
Montana de Edrama. Sierra de Merida: Merida. 
Venezuela (Sierra de Merida = 0840'N. 
7100'W. Geonet) 



248 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Caluromys lanatus, 2000 m 
Montana de Vitoc (see Pueblo Nuevo); Junin, 

Peru 
Montafias de Balzar (= Balzar Mountains = Cor- 
dillera Balzar); Manabf, Ecuador (0055'S, 
7955'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Caluromys derbianus, 300 m 
Marmosa robinsoni, ca. 300 m 
Montafias de Cupa (see Cupa); Esmeraldas, Ec- 
uador 
Montafias de la Sierra (= Montes de la Serra = 
Sierra Montafias), near Merida; Merida, Ve- 
nezuela (ca. 0840'N, 7100'W, Paynter, 
1993) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Gracilinanus dryas, 3000 m 
Montafias de Mirador (see Mirador); Guayas, Ec- 
uador 
Montafias Uchisera (see Uchisera); Merida, Ve- 
nezuela 
Montafiita, Florencia, left bank Rio Orteguaza; 
Caqueta, Colombia (0130'N, 7528'W, Payn- 
ter, 1997) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 400 m 
Monteagudo, 2 km SW; Chuquisaca, Bolivia 
(1949'S, 6359'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Thylamys venustus 
Montealegre; Huanuco, Peru (ca. 0930'S, 
7457'W, Stephens and Traylor, 1983) 
Marmosops bishopi (provisionally referred to 
M. bishopi by Voss et al., 2001) 
Monte Alegre (see Monte Alegre do Sul); Sao 

Paulo, Brazil 
Monte Alegre, Palmeiras; Mato Grosso, Brazil 
(1603'S, 5530'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Philander opossum 
Monte Alegre do Sul (= Ibiti = Monte Alegre); 
Sao Paulo, Brazil (2240'S, 4641'W, Paynter 
and Traylor, 1991) 
Caluromys philander 
Monodelphis sorex 

Philander frenata (Monte Alegre, Amparo) 
Monte Belo; Minas Gerais, Brazil (2120'S, 
4620'W, Varejao and Valle, 1982) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Didelphis aurita 
Monte Cano, Pueblo Nuevo; Falcon, Venezuela 
(1157'N, 6955'W, Lopez-Fuster et al., 
2000) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Monte Chimborazo; Chimborazo, Ecuador 
(0128'S, 7848'W, Geonet) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus 
Monte Chocolatal (see San Ramon); Beni, Bolivia 



Monte Cristo; Tabasco, Mexico (1745'N, 
9146'W, Geonet) 
Philander opossum 
Monte Cristo Mine; Morazan, El Salvador (not 
located) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 218 m, 700 ft (= 220 
m) 
Monte Hermoso Formation; Buenos Aires, Argen- 
tina (not located) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Montenegro (see Sao Joao do Monte Negro); Rio 

Grande do Sul, Brazil 
Montero, 3 km SE; Santa Cruz, Bolivia (1723'S, 
6314'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Gracilinanus agilis 
Philander opossum 
Monterrey [Monte Rey], 22 km S of San Jose; 
San Jose, Costa Rica (0945'N, 8440'W, 
Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Philander opossum, 1100 m 
Monte Roraima (see Cerro Roraima); Bolivar, Ve- 
nezuela 
Montes de las Serra (see Montafias de la Sierra); 

Merida, Venezuela 
Montes de Pedregoso, Sierra de Merida (see Que- 

brada La Pedregosa); Merida, Venezuela 
Monte Serrat, Itatiaya, Parque Nacional de Itatiaia 
(see Pico das Agulhas Negras); Rio de Ja- 
neiro, Brazil 
Monteverde; Puntarenas, Costa Rica (1018'N, 
8449'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1400-1450 m 
Philander opossum, 1380 m (Rio Guacimal, ca. 
1018'N, 8450'W) 
Monteverde Forest Reserve; Puntarenas, Costa 
Rica (Monteverde = 1018'N, 8449'W, Geo- 
net) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1500-1800 m 
Montevideo; Montevideo, Uruguay (3453'S, 
5611'W, Paynter, 1994) 
Didelphis albiventris, sea level 
Lutreolina crassicaudata, sea level 
Monodelphis dimidiata 
Montufar, San Gabriel; Carchi, Ecuador (San Ga- 
briel = 0036'N, 7749'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Monumento al Soldado Pionero; Bolivar, Vene- 
zuela (0556'N, 6127'W, Perez-Hernandez, 
1989) 
Didelphis albiventris, 1500 m 
Moon Mountains; Upper Takutu-Upper Essequi- 
bo, Guyana (OTOO'N, 5900'W, Times Atlas, 
1992, and Hershkovitz files) 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



249 



Marmosa murina 
Moreno (see Mariano Moreno); Buenos Aires, 

Argentina 
Morgenstond (see "De Morgenstond"); Paramar- 
ibo, Suriname 
Morichal Largo; Anzoategui, Venezuela (0829'N, 
6351'W, Lopez-Fuster et al., 2000) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Morichal Villasmil, Calabozo; Guarico, Venezue- 
la (0856'N, 6725'W, Perez-Hernandez, 
1989) 

Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Moromoro; El Oro, Ecuador (0343'S, 7944'W, 
Geonet) 
Philander opossum 
Morretenho, 30 km NNW of Juquia; Sao Paulo, 
Brazil (Juquia = 2419'S, 4748'W, Paynter 
and Tray lor, 1991) 
Didelphis aurita, 40 m 
Morro de Arara [Morro d'Arara], 30 km W of 
mouth of Rio Mucuri; Bahia, Brazil (1718'S, 
3940'W, Avila Pires, 1965) 
Micoureus demerarae 
Motatan; Trujillo, Venezuela (0924'N, 7036'W, 
Paynter, 1982) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 290 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 250 m 
Philander opossum, 229 m (5 km NNE of Mo- 
tatan), 330 m (1 km E of Motatan) 
Motupe; Lambayeque, Peru (0609'S, 7944'W, 
Stephens and Traylor, 1983) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 150 m 
Motzorongo; Veracruz-Llave, Mexico (1838'N, 
9644'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 

Philander opossum, 1500 ft (= 460 m) 
(1834'N, 9644'W) 
Mount Sajama (see Sajama Nevado); Oruro, Bo- 
livia 
Moyobamba; San Martin, Peru (0603'S, 
7658'W, Stephens and Traylor, 1983) 
Chironectes minimus, 860 m 
Didelphis marsupialis, 860 m 
Marmosa murina, 860 m 
Marmosops impavidus, 855 m, 860 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 2820 ft (= 880 m) 
Micoureus regina, 860 m 
Monodelphis adust a, 860 m 
Philander opossum, 2700 ft (= 840 m) (left 
bank Rio Mayo) 
Mt. Harris, Torure Ward; St. Andrew, Trinidad 
and Tobago (1030'N, 6107'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys philander, 844 ft (= 260 m) 



Didelphis marsupialis, 884 ft (= 270 m) 
Mt. Illininiza (see Cerro Illiniza); Pichincha, Ec- 
uador 
Mt. Pine Ridge; Cayo, Belize (not precisely lo- 
cated, Cayo = 1659'N, 8848'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Philander opossum 
Mt. Roraima (see Cerro Roraima); Bolivar, Ve- 
nezuela 
Mt. Roraima; Cuyuni-Mazaruni, Guyana (0512'N, 
6044'W, Stephens and Traylor, 1985, Times 
Atlas, 1992) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 8000 ft (= 2500 m) 
Munchique; Cauca, Colombia (0232'N, 7657'W, 
Paynter, 1997) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus, 2400 m 
Didelphis albiventris, 2100-2400 m, 8225 ft ( = 
2750 m), 9000 ft (= 2800 m) 
Municipio Parapara, Districto Rosco (see Para- 
para); Guarico, Venezuela 
Murucutu (see Belem); Para, Brazil 
Muy Muy; Matagalpa, Nicaragua (1246'N, 
8538'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Muzo; Boyaca, Colombia (0532'N, 7406'W, 
Paynter, 1997) 
Caluromys lanatus, 850 m 
Marmosops parvidens, 1300 m (0530'N, 

7410'W) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 850 m, 1100 m 

N 

Nacaome; Valle, Honduras (1331'N, 8730'W, 
Geonet) 
Philander opossum (Rio de Coray) 
Nacional Park of Brazil (see Parque Nacional de 

Brasilia); Distrito Frederal, Brazil 
Nacunan, Reserva Ecologica de Nacunan; Men- 
doza, Argentina (3403'S, 6758'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Thylamys pallidior, 4700 ft (= 1465 m) 
Nanegal; Pichincha, Ecuador (0007'N, 7846'W, 
Paynter. 1993) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus, 6000 ft (= 1875 m) 

(road to Nanegal) 
Chironectes minimus, ca. 1400 m 
Didelphis albiventris, 4000 ft (= 1250 m) 
Marmosa robinsoni, 1400 m, 5000 ft (= 1560 m) 
Micoureus regina, ca. 1400 m 
Naranjal, Valle de Suaza; Huila, Colombia 
(0217'N, 7559'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Naranjos (see El Naranjo); San Luis Potosi, Mex- 
ico 



250 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 






Narinja; Mato Grosso, Brazil (not located) 

Didelphis marsupialis 
Nassau Mountains; Sipaliwini, Suriname 
(0448'N, 5436'W, Geonet) 
Marmosa lepida 
Natagaima, left bank Rio Magdalena; Tolima, Co- 
lombia (0351'N, 7506'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Caluromys lanatus 
National Park of Brazil (see Parque Nacional de 

Brasilia); Distrito Federal, Brazil 
Nauta, left bank Rio Samiria; Loreto, Peru 
(0432'S, 7333'W, Stephens and Tray lor, 
1983) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 150 m 
Philander andersoni, ca. 130 m 
Nautla, 9 km NW; Veracruz-Llave, Mexico 
(2013'N, 9647'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 10 ft ( 3 m) 
Navarro, near Orosi; Cartago, Costa Rica 
(0949'N, 8353'W, Geonet) 
Marmosa mexicana, 2500-3000 ft (= 780- 
930 m) 
Nequejahuira; La Paz, Bolivia (ca. 1620'S, 
6750'W, Paynter, 1992) 
Didelphis albiventris, 8000 ft (= 2500 m) 
Micoureus regina, 8000 ft (= 2500 m) (Rio 
Unduavi) 
Nevati Mission; Pasco, Peru (ca. 1021'S, 
7451'W, Stephens and Traylor, 1983) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 900 ft (= 280 m) 
Neverf; Sucre, Venezuela (1006'N, 6438'W, 
Paynter, 1982) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 2400 ft (= 750 m) 
New River Falls; East Berbice-Corentyne, Guy- 
ana (0321'N, 5735'W, USBGN) 
Hyladelphys kalinowskii 
New Saint Eustatius (= Clarksdale), Demerara 
River; Essequibo Islands-West Demerara, 
Guyana (0628'N, 5819'W, Geonet) 
Marmosa murina 
Nicaragua Boquete; Chiriqui, Panama (not locat- 
ed) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Nickerie River; Sipaliwini, Suriname (0447'N, 
5646'W, Geonet) 
Philander opossum (upper Nickerie River) 
Nicolas Suarez Island (= Isla Nicolas Suarez), 
Rio Mamore, near Guayaramerfn; Beni, Bo- 
livia (1048'S, 6525'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Philander opossum 
Nieuw-Amsterdam, right bank Suriname River; 
Commewijne, Suriname (0553'N, 5505'W, 
Stephens and Traylor, 1985) 
Caluromys philander 
Didelphis marsupialis 



Nievecita Farm; Bocas del Toro, Panama (ca. 
0934'N, 8244'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Noetinger; Cordoba, Argentina (3222'S, 
6219'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
No Leon (= Alto No Leon); Distrito Federal, Ve- 
nezuela (1025'N, 6710'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1665-2050 m 
Marmosops fuscatus, 1750-2000 m 
Norco, 20 km W of Vipos; Tucuman, Argentina 
(2629'S, 6522'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Thylamys venustus, 2500 m 
Norte de Yaritagua, 30 km N (see Yaritagua); Yar- 

acuy, Venezuela 
Northern Range; Simla, Trinidad and Tobago (not 
precisely located) 
Caluromys philander 
Nova Empresa (see Igarape Nova Empressa); 

Amazonas, Brazil 
Nova Friburgo (= Friburgo = Novo Friburgo); 
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (2216'S, 4232'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Chironectes minimus, 846 m 
Didelphis aurita, 846 m (2217'S, 4218'W) 
Monodelphis americana, 846 m 
Philander frenata 
Nova Lima; Minas Gerais, Brazil (1959'S, 
4351'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis albiventris, 745 m 
Nova Odessa; Sao Paulo, Brazil (2247'S, 
4718'W, USBGN) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Nova Venecia; Espirito Santo, Brazil (1843'S, 
4024'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis aurita, 50 m 
Nova Vicosa (= Villa Vicosa = Maroba), Rio 
Peruipe; Bahia, Brazil (1753'S, 3922'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1 99 1 ) 
Didelphis aurita, sea level 
Nova Vida, right bank Rio Jurua; Acre, Brazil 
(0822'S, 7249'W, Patton et al., 2000) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosops neblina 
Marmosops noctivagus 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Micoreus demerarae 
Micoureus regina 
Monodelphis emiliae 
Philander mcilhennyi 
Philander opossum 
Novita, Rio Tamana; Choco, Colombia (0457'N, 
7634'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Philander opossum, 400 ft (= 125 m) 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



251 



Novito; Zulia, Venezuela (1002'N, 7243'W, 
Hershkovitz files) 
Marmosa robinsoni, 1 132-1 150 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 1 135-1 150 m 
Novo Friburgo (see Nova Friburgo); Rio de Ja- 
neiro, Brazil 
Novo Horizonte (see Gorotire); Para, Brazil 
Nucleo El Laurel; Miranda, Venezuela (not locat- 
ed) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1300 m 
Nucleo Pionefro Humboldt (see Aripuana); Mato 

Grosso, Brazil 
Nueva Germania, 88 km SE of Concepcion (= 
Estancia La Germania); San Pedro, Paraguay 
(2354'S, 5634'W, Paynter, 1989) 
Didelphis albiventris, ca. 150 m 
Didelphis aurita, ca. 150 m 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Micoureus demerarae, ca. 150 m 
Nueva Ocotepeque; Ocotepeque. Honduras 
(1426'N, 8911'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Nuevo San Juan; Colon/Panama, Panama (not lo- 
cated) 
Chironectes minimus 
Nuevo San Juan, Rio Galvez; Loreto, Peru (Rio 
Galvez = 0512'S, 7253'W, Geonet) 
Hyladelphys kalinowskii 
Nula, 3 km N of Nulita; Apure, Venezuela (Nulita 
= 0718'N, 7154'W, Geonet) 
Caluromxs lanatus 
Nulita; Apure, Venezuela (0718'N, 7154'W, 
Geonet) 
Caluromxs lanatus, 24 m (Selvas de San Cam- 

ilo, 29 km SSW of Santo Domingo) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 24 m 
Philander opossum, 24 m (0719'N, 7155'W) 
Nun; Bocas del Toro, Panama (0855'N, 8149'W. 
Geonet) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Philander opossum 

O 

Oaxaca; Oaxaca, Mexico (1702'N, 9644'W, 
Geonet) 
Marmosa canescens, 4600 ft (= 1430 m) 
Ocabamba (see Ocobamba); Cusco, Peru 
Ocampo; Tamaulipas. Mexico (2250'N, 9920'W. 
Geonet) 
Philander opossum, 2400 ft (= 750 m) 
Ocaneque (see Oconeque); Puno. Peru 
Occobamba Valley (see Rio Ocobamba); Cusco, 

Peru 
Ocidente, opposite left bank Rio Jurua; Acre. Bra- 
zil (0834'S, 7248'W, Patton et al., 2000) 



Marmosops neblina 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Philander opossum 
Ocoa River, near, on the Villavicencio-Acacias 

Road (see Rio Ocoa); Meta, Colombia 
Ocobamba (= Ocabamba); Cusco. Peru (1252'S, 
7222'W. Geonet) 
Didelphis albiventris, 3900 m (below La Raya 

Pass) 
Marmosa murina, ca. 9000 ft (= 2800 m) 
Ocobamba Pass; Cusco. Peru (1328'S, 7333'W, 
Geonet) 
Didelphis albiventris, 11000-13000 ft ( = 
3400-4000 m) 
Ocobamba Valley (see Rio Ocobamba): Cusco, 

Peru 
Oconeque (= Ocaneque); Puno, Peru (1403'S, 
6942'W. Stephens and Traylor, 1983) 
Didelphis albiventris, 1956 m, 7000 ft ( = 
2180 m) 
Ocotal: Nueva Segovia, Nicaragua (1338'N, 
8629'W. Geonet) 
Marmosa me.xicana, 4500 ft (= 1400 m) (near 
Honduras border) 
Ocumare (see Ocumare de la Costa); Aragua, Ve- 
nezuela 
Ocumare de la Costa (= Ocumare); Aragua, Ve- 
nezuela (1028'N, 6746'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Chironectes minimus 
Didelphis marsupialis, ca. 25 m 
Marmosa robinsoni, 180 m 
Oelemarie Airstrip: Sipaliwini. Suriname 
(0306'N. 5432'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosa murina 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Ojo Negro (road from Nanegal to Anca); Pichin- 
cha. Ecuador (Nanegal = 0007'S. 7846'W, 
Paynter. 1993) 
Micoureus regina 
Oko Mts. (= Essequibo): Cuyuni-Mazaruni, Guy- 
ana (0628'N. 5857'W, Times Atlas, 1992, 
and Stephens and Traylor. 1985) 
Caluromxs philander 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1000 ft (= 300 m) 
Old Point, Isla Bastimentos: Bocas del Toro. Pan- 
ama (0917'N, 8205'W. Geonet) 
Caluromxs derbianus 
Philander opossum 
Old Santo Domingo Trail; Pichincha. Ecuador 
(not located) 
Caenolestes convelatus, 6500 ft (= 2030 m) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus, 8750 ft (= 2730 m) 
Ollantaytambo; Cusco, Peru (1316'S. 7216'W, 
Stephens and Traylor, 1991) 



252 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Didelphis albiventris, 2846 m 
Lestoros inca, 3700 m (25-26 km NW of Ol- 
lantaytambo), 3530 m (32 km NW of Ollan- 
taytambo) 
Olmue; Valparaiso, Chile (3300'S, 7112'W, 
Geonet) 
Thylamys elegans, 152 m 
Ometepe (= Islas de Ometepe); Rivas, Nicaragua 
(1130'N, 8535'W, Geonet) 
Philander opossum 
Onkone Yare (see Parque Nacional Yasunf); 

Napo, Ecuador 
Onverwacht, 25 km S of Paramaribo; Para, Suri- 
name (0535'N, 5511'W, Geonet) 
Micoureus demerarae 
Oran (see San Ramon de la Nueva Oran); Salta, 

Argentina 
Oriente (see Seringal Oriente); Acre, Brazil 
Oriximina; Para, Brazil (0145'S, 5552'W, Payn- 
ter and Tray lor, 1991) 
PhUander opossum 
Orizaba; Veracruz-Llave, Mexico (1851'N, 
9706'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 5500 ft (= 1700 m) 
Philander opossum, 5500 ft (= 170 m) 
Oropuche (see El Cerro del Oropuche); Trinidad 

and Tobago 
Orosa; Loreto, Peru (0326'S, 7208'W, Hershko- 
vitz, 1997) 
Marmosa murina, 100 m (right bank opposite 

mouth Rio Napo) 
Marmosops noctivagus, ca. 100 m 
Micoureus regina, ca. 100 m (mouth Rio Napo) 
Philander andersoni 
Oruro; Oruro, Bolivia (1759'S, 6709'W, Ander- 
son, 1997) 
Thylamys venustus 
Oruro, 64 km S (= 40 mi S); Oruro, Bolivia 
(1834'S, 6709'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Thylamys venustus, 12000 ft (= 3750 m) 
Osorno; Los Lagos, Chile (4034'S, 7309'W, 
Geonet) 
Dromiciops gliroides, 145 m, 175 m, (32 km 

SSE, 54 km SSE of Osorno) 
Rhyncholestes raphanurus, 100 m, 140 m (32 
km SSE of Osorno, 4102'S, 7230'W) 
Otro Cerro, 1 8 km W of Chumbicha; Catamarca, 
Argentina (Chumbicha = 2852'S, 6614'W, 
Geonet) 
Thylamys pallidior, 3000 ft (= 930 m) 
Ouanary Riviere; French Guiana (0414'N, 
5139'W, Stephens and Traylor, 1985) 
Didelphis marsupialis, sea level 
Philander opossum 



Ouro Preto; Minas Gerais, Brazil (2023'S, 
4330'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis aurita, 1061 m 
Oxapampa (= San Juan de Oxapampa); Pasco, 
Peru (1034'S, 7524'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys lanatus 

Metachirus nudicaudatus, 900 ft (= 280 m) 
Philander andersoni, 900 ft (= 280 m) 
Oyapock Fluve (see Oyapock River); French Gui- 
ana 
Oyapock River (= Oyapock Fluve = Yapock Riv- 
er); French Guiana (0408'N, 5140'W, Ste- 
phens and Traylor, 1985) 
Chironectes minimus 
Oyeros, 3 km N; Jujuy, Argentina (2430'S, 
6500'W, Flores et al., 2000) 
Thylamys venustus 



Pacasmayo; La Libertad, Peru (0724'S, 7934' W, 
Stephens and Traylor, 1983) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 8 m 
Pachahal [Pachatal], below Mindo; Pichincha, Ec- 
uador (Mindo = 0002'S, 7848'W, Paynter, 
1993) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 3000 ft (= 930 m) 
Pacific coast; Chiapas, Mexico (not precisely lo- 
cated) 
Chironectes minimus 
Pacuare, Rio Pacuare; Cartago, Costa Rica 
(0944'N, 8333'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 

Philander opossum (ca. 1014'N, 8317'W) 
Padcoya, 1 1.5 km N and 5.5 km E; Tarija, Bolivia 
(2147'S, 6440'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Thylamys venustus 
Padilla, 9 km N; Chiquisaca, Bolivia (1912'S, 
6927'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Thylamys pusilla 
Pad van Wanica, just S of Paramaribo; Paramar- 
ibo, Suriname (Paramaribo = 0550'N, 
5510'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys philander 
Paeto, below Gualea; Pichincha, Ecuador (Gualea 
= 0007'N, 7850'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Caluromys derbianus, 3000 ft (= 930 m) 
Pagancillo; La Rioja, Argentina (2934'S, 
6803'W, Geonet) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Pagash; La Libertad, Peru (not located) 

Didelphis albiventris, 1400 m 
Paiguano; Coquimbo, Chile (3001'S, 7032'W, 
Geonet) 
Thylamys elegans, 3300 ft (= 1030 m) 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



253 



Pailon; Santa Cruz. Bolivia (1733'S. 6244'W. 
Anderson, 1997) 
Monodelphis domestiea (also at 7 km N of Pai- 
lon = 1734'S, 6234'W) 
Paime: Cundinamarca. Colombia (0522'N. 
7410'W. Paynter. 1997) 
Marrnosa robinsoni, 1038 m 
Pajaral; Santa Cruz, Bolivia (1458'S. 6232'W. 
Anderson, 1997) 
Micoureus constantiae 
Philander opossum 
Pakani: Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo. Guyana 
(0415'N. 5828'W. Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Pakitza; Madre de Dios. Peru (ca. 1150'S. 
7117'W. Pacheco et al.. 1993) 
Gracilinonus agilis. 350 m (N bank Rio Manu) 
Marrnosa rubra. 350 m 
Mannosops noctivagus. 350 m (N bank Rio 

Manu) 
Mannosops panidens. 350 m (N bank Rio 

Manu) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus. 350-500 m (N bank 

Rio Manu) 
Micoureus regina, 350 m 
Monodelphis brevicaudata. 350 m 
Philander opossum, 350 m (N bank Rio Manu) 
Palacios; Beni, Bolivia (1334'S. 6519'W. Hersh- 
kovitz. 1997) 
Philander opossum 
Palambla: Piura. Peru (0523'S. 7937'W. Ste- 
phens and Traylor. 1983) 
Didelphis marsupialis. 1190-1985 m 
Palenque: Chiapas. Mexico (1731'N. 9158'W. 
Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 

Didelphis marsupialis (16 km NW of Palenque) 
Philander opossum 
Palenque. Ruinas de: Chiapas. Mexico (Palenque 
= 1731'N. 9158'W. Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis. 90 m. 300 m 
Pallatanga: Chimborazo. Ecuador (01 C 59'S. 
7857'W. Paynter. 1993) 
Didelphis marsupialis. 1500 m 
Mannosops impavidus, 1500 m 
Palma: Goias. Brazil (ca. 1233'S. 47 C 46'W. Payn- 
ter and Traylor, 1991) 
Micoureus demerarae, ca. 250 m 
Palmar (= Palmar Sur): Puntarenas. Costa Rica 
(08 C 58'N. 8327'W. Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Palmar Sur (see Palmar); Puntarenas. Costa Rica 
Palmarito. Rio San Julian; Santa Cruz, Bolivia 
(1649'S. 6237'W. Anderson, 1997) 
Mannosops dorothea 
Philander opossum 



254 



Palma Sola; Jujuy. Argentina (240'S. 6449'W. 
Flores et al.. 2000) 
Thxlamxs venustus 
Palmeira:' Parana. Brazil (25 C 25'S, 5000'W. 
Hershkovitz. 1992) 
Chironectes minimus 
Didelphis albiventris 
Gracilinanus microtarsus. 865 m 
Monodelphis dimidiata 
Palmeira dos Indios: Alagoas. Brazil (0925'S. 
3637'W. Paynter and Traylor. 1991) 
Didelphis albiventris. 342 m 
Monodelphis domestiea (Sitio Capuma. Sftio 
Dormiao. Sitio Riveira. Sitio Sabia) 
Palmeiras: Bahia. Brazil (1227'S. 4134'W. Cer- 
queira. 1984) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Palmera. Rio Pastaza: Napo. Ecuador (not locat- 
ed) 
Mannosops impavidus. 4000 ft (= 1250 m) 
Palmera. E of Banos (see Banos Oriente); Tun- 

guarahua. Ecuador 
Palmilla (see La Palmilla); Valparaiso. Chile 
Palmira: Valle del Cauca. Colombia (0332'N. 
7616'W. Paynter. 1997) 
Chironectes minimus 
Palmira de Zarcero: Alajuela. Costa Rica 
(101 l'N. 8424'W. Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Palmira: Pando. Bolivia (H42'S. 6756'W. An- 
derson. 1997) 
Mannosops noctivagus 
Palm Swamp. 12 km ESE of Resistencia; Cha- 
co. Argentina (2727'S. 5859'W. Paynter. 
1985) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata. 170 m 
Palo de Vaca. Rancho Grande (see Estacion Biol- 
ogica de Rancho Grande); Aragua, Venezuela 
Paloemeu Airstrip. Tapanahoni River: Sipaliwini. 
Suriname (0321'N, 5527'W. Geonet) 
Monodelphis brevicaudata, 210 m 
Palomino. Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta; Mag- 
dalena. Colombia (1102'N. 7339'W. Payn- 
ter. 1997) 
Caluromys lanatus, ca. 600 m 
Mannosa robinsoni. ca. 600 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus (on Caribbean Sea. N 
of Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta) 
Palo Santo: Chiriquf. Panama (0849'N. 8241'W. 
Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Palos Blancos: La Paz. Bolivia (1534'S. 
6716'W. Anderson. 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Micoureis constantiae 
Thxlamxs venustus 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 






Palos Quemados; O'Higgins, Chile (3402'S, 
7034'W, Geonet) 
Thylamys elegans 
Pambilar, 10 km N of Concepcion; Esmeraldas, 
Ecuador (Concepcion = 0103'N, 7850'W, 
USBGN) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 20 m 
Pamilla (see La Palmilla); Valparaiso, Chile 
Pampa de Agnia, 30 km N; Chubut, Argentina 
(4328'S, 6949'W, Mares and Braun, 2000) 
Lestodelphys halli 
Pampa de Guanacos, 6 km S, 2 km E; Santiago 
del Estero, Argentina (2617'S, 6201'W, Flo- 
res et al., 2000) 
Thylamys pusilla, ca. 1 20 m 
Pampa de Meio; Beni, Bolivia (1230'S, 6415'W, 
Anderson, 1997) 
Gracilinanus agilis 
Pampa Linda, 5 km N, 44 km W, Bariloche; Rio 
Negro, Argentina (Bariloche = 4109'S, 
7118'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Dromiciops gliroides, 950 m 
Pamplona; Norte de Santander, Colombia 
(0723'N, 7239'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Didelphis albiventris, 7300 ft (= 2280 m) 
Panama City; Panama, Panama (0858'N, 
7932'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Panama Viejo; Panama, Panama (0900'N, 
7929'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Pandora; Limon, Costa Rica (0944'N, 8258'W, 
Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Panguana; Huanuco, Peru (ca. 0937'S, 7457'W, 
Stephens and Traylor, 1983) 
Philander mcilhennyi 
Pantanal; Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil (1800'S, 
5600'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys lanatus, ca. 50 m 
Pantoja, Carretera Maracay-Ocumare; Aragua, 
Venezuela (1021'N, 6741'W, Perez Hernan- 
dez, 1989) 
Gracilinanus marica 
Micoureus demerarae 
Marmosops fuscatus 
Papallacta; Napo, Ecuador (0022'S, 7808'W, 
Paynter, 1983) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus 
Didelphis albiventris, 9980 ft (= 3120 m) 
Papantla; Veracruz-Llave, Mexico (2027'N, 
9719'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 300 ft (= 90 m) 
Philander opossum 
Papudo; Valparaiso, Chile (3231'S, 7027'W, 
Geonet) 



Thylamys elegans, sea level 
Para (see Belem); Para, Brazil 
Para de Minas; Minas Gerais, Brazil (1951'S, 
4437'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis albiventris, 796 m 
Paracou; French Guiana (0523'N, 5254'W, Geo- 
net) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Chironectes minimus 
Gracilinanus emiliae 
Hyladelphys kalinowskii 
Marmosa murina 
Marmosops parvidens 
Marmosops pinheiroi 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Micoureus demerarae 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Philander opossum 
Parahyba; Brazil (see Parnaiba); Piauf, Brazil 
Paraiba do Sul; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (2206'S, 
4317'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis aurita, 280 m 
Paramaribo (= Rijweg); Paramaribo, Suriname 
(0550'N, 5510'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys philander 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosa lepida 
Marmosa murina 

Monodelphis brevicaudata (35 km S of Para- 
maribo) 
Philander opossum (ca. 9 km W of Paramaribo) 
Paramba (see Hacienda Paramba); Imbabura, Ec- 
uador 
Paramillo; Antioquia, Colombia (0659'N, 
7551'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Didelphis albiventris, 12500 ft (= 3900 m) 
Paramito; Merida, Venezuela (0859'N, 7046'W, 
Handley, 1976) 
Didelphis albiventris, 2016 m, 3020-3275 m 
Paramo de Barragan; Valle del Cauca, Colombia 
(0400'N, 7540'W, Patterson and Albuja, 
1996, and Geonet) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus 
Paramo de Guanacas, km 5 1 , between Totoro and 
Inza (= km 51); Cauca, Colombia (0230'N, 
7615'W, Patterson and Albuja, 1996, and 
Paynter and Traylor, 1 98 1 ) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus, 3100 m 
Paramo de La Rusia (see Cordillera de Rusia); 

Bocaya/Santander, Colombia 
Paramo de Mucubaji (see Laguna Negra); Merida, 

Venezuela 
Paramo de Purace, near Popayan; Cauca, Colom- 
bia (0224'N, 7623'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus, 3500 m 
Paramo de Tama; Tachira, Venezuela (0725'N, 
7226'W, Paynter, 1982) 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



255 



Caenolestes fuliginosus, 2450-3329 m 
Didelphis albiventris, 6000-7000 ft (= 1875- 
2180 m) 
Paramo Frontino; Antioquia, Colombia (0628'N, 
7604'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Caenolestes convelatus, 3100-3600 m 
Caenolestes fuliginosus, 3100 m, 3300 m 
Paramos El Soche; Cundinamarca, Colombia 
(0432'N, 7420'W, USBGN) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus 
Paramos of Chimborazo or Pichincha; Pichincha, 
Ecuador (not located) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus 
Paramo Sonson; Antioquia, Colombia (0543'N, 
7515'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus, 8800 ft (= 2750 m), 
3050 m, 3100 m (7 km E of Paramo Sonson) 
Paramo Tambor (see Hacienda La Carbonera); 

Merida, Venezuela 
Paramo Zumbader; Tachira, Venezuela (0758'N, 
7204'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis albiventris, 2250 m 
Parana do Pocao (see Caracaraf); Roraima, Brazil 
Paraopeba; Minas Gerais, Brazil (1915'S, 
4425'W, Varejao and Valle, 1982) 
Didelphis albiventris, 509 m 
Parapara (= Municipio Parapara); Guarico, Ve- 
nezuela (0944'N, 6718'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Caluromys philander 
Para River, ca. 10 km SE of Paramaribo; Para- 
maribo, Suriname (0545'N, 5508'W, Geo- 
net) 
Philander opossum 
Paratani; Cochabamba, Bolivia (1734'S, 
6621'W, Paynter, 1992) 
Thylamys venustus, 2450 m, 2800 m 
Paratubal [Paratudal]; Mato Grosso, Brazil (not 
precisely located) 
Marmosa murina 
Pareditas, 35 km S, 3 km E on Highway 40; Men- 
doza, Argentina (3356'S, 6904'W, Geonet) 
Thylamys pallidior, 4700 ft (= 1468 m) 
Pariacoto, Rio Pira Valley; Ancash, Peru 
(0931'S, 7753'W, Stephens and Traylor, 
1983) 
Thylamys pallidior, 8500 ft (= 2650 m) 
Parintins (= Villa Bella Imperatriz = Bella Im- 
peratriz = Imperatriz); Amazonas, Brazil 
(0236'S, 5644'W, Paynter and Traylor, 
1991) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 24 m (boca Rio Andira) 
Marmosa murina, sea level 
Micoureus demerarae, 24 m 
Philander opossum 



Parita; Herrera, Panama (0800'N, 8031'W, Geo- 
net) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Parla Chonto; Amazonas, Venezuela (not located) 

Chironectes minimus 
Parnahyba (see Parnaiba); Piaui, Brazil 
Parniba (see Parnaiba); Piaui, Brazil 
Parnaiba (= Parahyba = Parnahyba = Parniba); 
Piaui, Brazil (0254'S, 4146'W, Geonet) 
Marmosa murina 
Parque Biologico Sierra de San Javier; Tucuman, 
Argentina (2647'S, 6522'W, Capllonch et 
al., 1997) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Thylamys venustus 
Parque de La Macarena (= Parque La Macarena), 
Rio Guapaya; Meta, Colombia (0245'N, 
7355'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Parque de Purace; Cauca, Colombia (0224'N, 
7623'W, Patterson and Albuja, 1996) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus, 3500 m 
Parque Estadual de Ilhabela, Ilha de Sao Sebas- 
tiao; Sao Paulo, Brazil (Ilha de Sao Sebastiao 
= 2340'S, 4518'W, Paynter and Traylor, 
1991) 
Philander frenata, 650 m 
Parque Estadual de Florestal do Rio Doce (see 
Parque Estadual do Rio Doce); Minas Gerais, 
Brazil 
Parque Estadual do Ibitipoca, 30 km N of Lima 
Duarte; Minas Gerais, Brazil (ca. 2133'S, 
4355'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Philander frenata 
Parque Estadual do Rio Doce (= Parque Estadual 
de Florestal do Rio Doce = Parque Florestal 
Estadual do Rio Doce = Rio Doce State For- 
estry Park = Rio Doce State Park); Minas 
Gerais, Brazil (1955'-1930'S, 4356'- 
4231'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Caluromys philander, 250-515 m 
Didelphis aurita (1940'S, 4233'W, Varejao 

and Valle, 1982) 
Gracilinanus agilis 

Gracilinanus microtarsus, 230-515 m 
Marmosops incanus, 200-500 m (1930'S, 

4230'W) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Micoureus demerarae 
Parque Estadual da Pedra Blanca; Rio de Janeiro, 
Brazil (2256'S, 4317'W, Mustrangi and Pat- 
ton, 1997) 
Marmosops incanus, sea level 



256 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Parque Estadual do Rfo Preto, 15 km S of Sao 
Goncalo do Rio Preto (= Sao Goncalo do 
Supacaf); Minas Gerais, Brazil (2154'S, 
4536'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Micoureus demerarae 
Parque Florestal Estadual da Jaiba; Minas Gerais, 
Brazil (Jaiba = 1212'S, 3853'W, Geonet) 
Marmosops incanus 
Parque Florestal Estadual do Rio Doce (see Flo- 
restal Estadual do Rio Doce); Minas Gerais, 
Brazil 
Parque La Macarena (see Parque de La Macar- 

ena); Meta, Colombia 
Parque Lecoq; Montevideo, Uruguay (ca. 
3453'S, 5611'W, Paynter, 1994) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Parque Nacional Baritu, desembocadura Arroyo 
Santelmita; Salta, Argentina (2231'S, 
6437'W, Flores et al., 2000) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Micoureus constantiae, 700 m 
Thylamys venustus 
Parque Nacional Braulio Carrillo, near San Mi- 
guel; Heredia, Costa Rica (ca. 1028'N, 
8405'W, Timm et al., 1987) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 200-750 m 
Micoureus alstoni 
Parque Nacional Calilegua, Caimancito (= Aguas 
Negras); Jujuy, Argentina (2345'S, 6456' W, 
Flores et al., 2000) 
Didelphis albiventris, 1700 m, 2500 m, 2800 m 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Micoureus constantiae, 550 m 
Thylamys venustus, 600 m 
Parque Nacional Chaco; Chaco, Argentina 
(2640'S, 5948'W, Heinonen and Chebez, 
1997) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Gracilinanus agilis 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Philander opossum 
Parque Nacional da Amazonia (Tapajos); Para, 
Brazil (0342'-0450'S, 57 21'-5622'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Parque Nacional da Serra do Cfpo, Serra do Es- 
pinha^o; Minas Gerais, Brazil (1914'S, 
4333'W, Mustrangi and Patton, 1997) 
Marmosops incanus, 900-1200 m 
Parque Nacional de Brasilia (= National Park of 
Brazil); Distrito Federal, Brazil (1535'S, 
4854'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Chironectes minimus 
Didelphis albiventris 



Gracilinanus agilis, 700-1300 m 
Philander frenata 
Parque Nacional del Manu (= Manu National 
Park = Parque Nacional Manu); Madre de 
Dios-Cusco, Peru (1200'S, 7130'W, Ste- 
phens and Traylor, 1983) 
Chironectes minimus 
Glironia venustus 
Parque Nacional de Puyehue; Los Lagos, Chile 
(4039'-4042'S, 7230'-7218'W, Patterson 
and Albuja, 1996, Geonet) 
Dromiciops gliroides 

Rhyncholestes raphanurus, 700 m (4042'S, 
7218'W) 
Parque Nacional de Rancho Grande (see Estacion 
Biologica de Rancho Grande); Aragua, Ve- 
nezuela 
Parque Nacional de Sierra Nevada; Merida, Ve- 
nezuela (0833'N, 7045'W, Geonet) 
Gracilinanus dryas, 2200 m 
Parque Nacional Diamante (= La Azotea); Entre 
Rios, Argentina (3207'S, 6038'W, Heinonen 
and Chebez, 1997) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Parque Nacional do Caparao; Minas Gerais, Bra- 
zil (2030'S, 4140'W, Mustrangi and Patton, 
1997) 
Didelphis aurita 
Marmosops incanus, 1000 m 
Marmosops paulensis, 1000 m 
Philander frenata (Pedra Roxa = 2149'S, 
4409'W) 
Parque Nacional do Itatiaia (see Pico das Agulhas 

Negras); Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 
Parque Nacional "El Avila"; Distrito Federal, Ve- 
nezuela (1035'N, 6635'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1000 m 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Marmosops fuscatus, 1000 m 
Monodelphis palliolata, 1000 m 
Parque Nacional El Palmar; Entre Rfos, Argentina 
(3150'S, 5817'W, Heinonen and Chebez, 
1997) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Lutreolina crassicaudata, ca. 50 m 
Thylamys pusilla, ca. 50 m 
Parque Nacional El Rey; Salta, Argentina 
(2442'S, 6438'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Thylamys venustus 
Parque Nacional Guatopo (= Guatopo National 
Park); Miranda-Guarico, Venezuela (ca. 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



257 



10H'-0955'N, 66 31'-66 19'W, Handley, 
1976) 

Caluromys philander, 250-1500 m (ca. 
1005'N, 6630'W) 

Chironectes minimus, 250-1500 m 

Didelphis marsupialis, 250-1500 m 

Marmosa murina, 250-1500 m (ca. 1005'N, 
6630'W) 

Marmosops fuscatus, 250-1500 m (ca. 
1005'N, 6630'W) 

Micoureus demerarae, 250-1500 m (ca. 
1005'N, 6630'W) 

Monodelphis palliolata, 250-1500 m 
Parque Nacional Iguazu [Parque Nacional Igua- 
q\i]; Misiones, Argentina-Parana, Brazil 
(2515'-25 41'S, 5436'-5426'W, Paynter 
and Traylor, 1991) 

Chironectes minimus 

Didelphis albiventris, 5 m 

Didelphis aurita 

Lutreolina crassicaudata 

Metachirus nudicaudatus 

Micoureus demerarae 

Monodelphis iheringi 

Monodelphis scalops 

Monodelphis sorex 

Philander opossum 
Parque Nacional Lago Puelo; Chubut, Argentina 
(4211'S, 7142'W, Heinonen and Chebez, 
1997) 

Dromiciops gliroides 
Parque Nacional Laguna Blanca; Neuquen, Ar- 
gentina (3903'S, 7023'W, Paynter, 1985) 

Thy I amy s pallidior 
Parque Nacional Lanfn; Neuquen, Argentina 
(3955'S, 7125'W, Paynter, 1985) 

Dromiciops gliroides 
Parque Nacional Lihue Calel; La Pampa, Argen- 
tina (3757'S, 6533'W, Heinonen and Che- 
bez, 1977) 

Lestodelphys halli 

Thylamys pallidior 
Parque Nacional Los Alcerces; Chubut, Argentina 
(4255'S, 7152'W, Heinonen and Chebez, 
1997) 

Dromiciops gliroides 
Parque Nacional Los Arrayanes; Neuquen, Argen- 
tina (4050'S, 7138'W, Heinonen and Che- 
bez, 1997) 

Dromiciops gliroides 
Parque Nacional Machalilla; Guayas-Manabi, Ec- 
uador (ca. 0142'S, 8046'W, Paynter, 1993) 

Caluromys derhianus, 0-800 m 

Didelphis marsupialis, 0-800 m 



Parque Nacional Manu (see Parque Nacional del 

Manu); Madre de Dios-Cusco, Peru 
Parque Nacional Mburucuya; Corrientes, Argen- 
tina (2801'S, 5801'W, Heinonen and Che- 
bez, 1997) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Parque Nacional Nahuelbuta; Araucania-Biobio, 
Chile (3751'S, 7305'W, Jimenez and Ra- 
geot, 1979) 
Dromiciops gliroides, 950 m 
Parque Nacional Nahuel Huapi (also see Beatriz); 
Rio Negro/Neuquen, Argentina (4103'S, 
7135'W, Heinonoen Fortabut and Chebez, 
1997) 
Dromiciops gliroides, 800 m (Villa Angustura) 
Rhyncholestes raphanurus 
Parque Nacional Rio Pilcomayo; Formosa, Argen- 
tina (2502'S, 5812'W, Heinonen and Che- 
bez, 1997) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Philander opossum 
Thylamys pusilla 
Parque Nacional Sierra de las Quijadas; San Luis, 
Argentina (ca. 3229'S, 6702'W, Heinnonen 
and Chebez, 1997) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Parque Nacional Tikal (= Tikal); Peten, Guate- 
mala (1715'N, 8939'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Philander opossum 
Parque Nacional Tolhuaca; Los Lagos, Chile 
(3910'S, 7143'W, Jimenez and Rageot, 
1979) 
Dromiciops gliroides 
Parque Nacional Vicente Perez Rosales, "La Pi- 
cada Forest" (see "La Picada Forest"); Los 
Lagos, Chile 
Parque Nacional Villarrica; Araucania, Chile 
(3927'S, 7143'W, Geonet) 
Dromiciops gliroides 
Parque Nacional Yapacana, Cano; Amazonas, Ve- 
nezuela (0341'N, 6652'W, Perez-Hernan- 
dez, 1989) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Parque Nacional Yasunf, 20 km S of Pompeya Sur 
(= Onkone Yare); Napo, Ecuador (Pompeya 
= 0026'S, 7637'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Parque Nacional Yasunf, Onkone Sur, 38 km S of 
Pompeya Sur; Napo, Ecuador (Pompeya = 
0026'S, 7637'W, Geonet) 
Philander andersoni 



258 



FIELD1ANA: ZOOLOGY 



Parque Nacional Ybycui; Paraguarf, Paraguay 
(2601'S, 5703'W, Paynter, 1989) 
Chironectes minimus 
Didelphis albiventris 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Parque Pedro del Rio, near Biobio; Concepcion, 
Chile (Concepcion = 3650'S, 7303'W, Geo- 
net) 
Dromiciops gliroides 
Parque Provincial El Cochuna; Tucuman, Argen- 
tina (2718'S, 6554'W, Flores et al., 2000) 
Thylamys venustus 
Pasa Nueva; Veracruz-Llave, Mexico (1759'N, 
9511'W, Gardner, 1973) 
Marmosa mexicana 
Paso Bajito, Rio Moquite; Anzoategui, Venezuela 
(0836'N, 6413'W, Geonet) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata, 160-180 m 
Paso del Rey, along Arroyo de la Canada Honda; 
San Luis, Argentina (3257'S, 6600'W, Geo- 
net) 
Thylamys pallidior, 4700 ft (= 1465 m), 4400 
ft (= 1375 m) 
Paso Duraznero, Ayo da Mina (= Arroyo de la 
Mina); Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil (Arroyo de 
la Mina = 3153'S, 5405'W, USBGN) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Paso Pino Hachado; Araucania, Chile (3840'S, 
7054'W, Greer, 1965) 
Dromiciops gliroides, 1460 m 
Passo Fundo; Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil (2815'S, 
5220'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis albiventris, 673 m 
Philander opossum 
Passo Quatro; Minas Gerais, Brazil (2228'S, 
4505'W, Mustrangi and Patton, 1997) 
Marmosops paulensis, 1500 m 
Passos; Minas Gerais, Brazil (2043'S, 4637'W, 
Varejao and Valle, 1982) 
Caluromys philander 
Didelphis albiventris (2043'S, 4635'W) 
Monodelphis rubida, 728 m 
Monodelphis sorex, 428 m 
Pasto, 33 km E; Narino, Colombia (0113'N, 
7716'W, Geonet) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus 
Patos de Minas; Minas Gerais, Brazil (1835'S, 
4630'W, Varejao and Valle, 1982) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Patquia; La Rioja, Argentina (3003'S, 6653'W, 
Paynter, 1985) 
Thylamys pallidior, 43 1 m 



Patuca; Gracias a Dios, Honduras (1548'N, 
8417'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Philander opossum 
Patuca River; Gracias a Dios, Honduras (1547'N, 
8415'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Paucartambo; Cusco, Peru (1318'S, 7140'W, 
Stephens and Traylor, 1983) 
Lestoros inca, 2140 m, 2190 m, 2850 m, 3240 
m, 10400 ft (= 3250 m) (10 km N and 32, 
39, 48, 54 km NE of Paucartambo) 
Marmosops impavidus, 1460 m (72 km NE of 

Paucartambo) 
Marmosops noctivagus (72 km NE of Paucar- 
tambo) 
Paujchi (see Pauji); Azuay, Ecuador 
Paujf (= Paujchi); Azuay, Ecuador (0225'S, 
7858'W, Bublitz, 1987) 
Caenolestes caniventer 
Paulo, Rio Cuquenan, Cerro Roraima; Bolivar, 
Venezuela (ca. 0508'N, 6049'W, Paynter, 
1982) 
Marmosa murina, 1200 m 
Pavol, 20 km NE of Mapastepec; Chiapas, Mex- 
ico (Mapastepec = 1527'N, 9254'W, Geo- 
net) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Paya Camp; Darien, Panama (0758'N, 7724'W, 
Geonet) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Pazna, 10 km SW; Oruro, Bolivia (1840'S, 
6659'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Pebas; Loreto, Peru (0320'S, 7149'W, Stephens 
and Traylor, 1983) 
Marmosa murina, 101 m (Alto Maranon) 
Marmosops noctivagus, 101 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Micoureus regina, 101 m (left bank Rio Ma- 
ranon) 
Pecanha; Minas Gerais, Brazil (1833'S, 4233'W, 
Varejao and Valle, 1982) 
Didelphis aurita, 780 m 
Pedra; Pernambuco, Brazil (0832'S, 3658'W, 
Cerqueira, 1984) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Pedra Branco, Parati; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (ca. 
2313'S, 4443'W, Varejao and Valle, 1982) 
Philander frenata 
Pedra Roxa (see Parque Nacional do Caparao); 

Minas Gerais, Brazil 
Pedregosa (see Quebrada La Pedregosa); Merida, 
Venezuela 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



259 



Pedro Leopoldo; Minas Gerais, Brazil (1937'S, 
4405'W, Varejao and Valle, 1982) 
Didelphis albiventris, 710 m 
Pedro Miguel; Panama, Panama (0901'N, 
7937'W, Geonet) 
Chironectes minimus 
Peixe-boi, Belem; Para, Brazil (0112'S, 4718'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Chironectes minimus, 45 m 
Didelphis marsupialis, 45 m 
Philander opossum, 45 m (R. R. Braganca) 
Pekin Abajo; Anzoategui, Venezuela (1010'N, 
6430'W, Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 100 m 
Penedo, right bank Rio Jurua; Amazonas, Brazil 
(0650'S, 7045'W, Patton et al., 2000) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosops noctivagus 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Micoureus demerarae 
Micoureus regina 
Monodelphis emiliae 
Philander mcilhennyi 
Penha; Paraiba, Brazil (0710'S, 3448'W, 
USBGN) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosa murina 
Monodelphis domestica 
Penha; Pernambuco, Brazil (0817'S, 3846'W, 
USBGN) 
Marmosa murina 
Pen Hope, 20 mi E of Georgetown; Demerara- 
Mahaica, Guyana (Georgetown = 0648'N, 
5810'W, Geonet) 
Marmosa murina 
Peninsula de Paraguana (see Pueblo Nuevo); Fal- 
con, Venezuela 
Peninsula Valdes; Chubut, Argentina (4230'S, 
6400'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Peninsula Valiente; Bocas del Toro, Panama 
(0905'N, 8151'W, Geonet) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus (Punta Alegre) 
Philander opossum (Punta Alegre, Quebrada 
Hido) 
Penuelas Forest Preserve, 7 km E of Las Tablas; 
Valparaiso, Chile (3310'S, 7032'W, Geonet) 
Thylamys elegans, 300 m 
Peperpot; Commewijne, Suriname (0547'N, 
5508'W, Geonet) 
Marmosa murina 
Perene; Junin, Peru (1058'S, 7518'W, Geonet) 

Didelphis albiventris, 800-1000 m 
Pergamino, Ruta 188, Curva de Pena; Buenos Ai- 



res, Argentina (Pergamino = 3353'S, 
6035'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Monodelphis dimidiata 
Perica; Marowijne, Suriname (Perica Kreek = 
0547'N, 5508'W, Stephens and Traylor, 
1985) 
Phlander opossum 
Perico, near, Maranon Valley; Amazonas, Peru 
(not precisely located, but there is a Perico in 
Cajamarca, near border of Amazonas = 
0520'S, 7841'W, Geonet) 
Marmosops noctivagus, ca. 1000 ft (= 300 m) 
Perseverancia; Santa Cruz, Boliva (1438'S, 
6237'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Marmosops noctivagus 
Peru Mines, El Callao (see El Peru); Bolivar, Ven- 
ezuela 
Perus, near; Sao Paulo, Brazil (2325'S, 4645'W, 
Hershkovitz, 1992) 
Gracilinanus microtarsus, sea level 
Pesqueira; Pernambuco, Brazil (0822'S, 
3642'W, USBGN) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Peulla, Lago Todos Santos; Los Lagos, Chile 
(4106'S, 7202'W, Geonet) 
Dromiciops gliroides 
Rhyncholestes raphanurus 
Petit Saut (see Crique Tigre); French Guiana 
Picada de Olmos, 15 km SE, on road 16; Santiago 
del Estero, Argentina (2606'S, 6210'W, Flo- 
res et al., 2000) 
Thylamys pusilla 
Pica Periquito, El Portachuela, Rancho Grande 
(see Estacion Biologica de Rancho Grande); 
Aragua, Venezuela 
Pichan; (see Volcan Pichincha); Pichincha, Ecua- 
dor 
Pichao, Sierra de Quilmas; Tucuman, Argentina 
(2621'S, 6603'W, Flores et al., 2000) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Pichincha; Pichincha, Ecuador (0001'S, 7949'W, 
Geonet) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus 
Pichinde; Valle del Cauca, Colombia (0326'N, 
7637'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Didelphis albiventris, 1600 m 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1600 m 
Pichucalco; Chiapas, Mexico (1731'N, 9304'W, 
Geonet) 
Chironectes minimus, 100 m 
Didelphis marsupialis, 100 m 
Pico Avila; Distrito Federal-Miranda, Venezuela 
(ca. 1032'N, 6652'W, Paynter, 1989) 



260 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Didelphis marsupialis, 1616-2232 m, 

(1033'N, 6652'W) 
Gracilinanus marica, 2124-2135 m (near Hotel 

Humboldt) 
Marmosops fuscatus, 1281-2232 m 
Pico das Agulhas Negras, Itatiaya [Itatiaia] (= 
Aguas Negras = Campo Bello = Monte Ser- 
rat = Parque Nacional do Itatiaia); Rio de 
Janeiro, Brazil (2223'S, 4438'W, Paynter 
and Tray lor, 1991) 
Didelphis aurita, 830-850 m 
Lutreolina crassicaudata, 1150 m (Maromba) 
Marmosa murina, 830 m 
Marmosops incanus, 500 m, 2787 m 
Micoureus demerarae, 1830 m (Macieiras) 
Monodelphis americana, 2787 m 
Monodelphis dimidiata, 815 m (Maromba), 

1200 m (Maromba-Maua) 
Monodelphis so rex 

Philander frenata (Macieiras, Itatiaia, 2230'S, 
4434'W) 
Pico Salamanca; Chubut, Argentina (4535'S, 
6720'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Lestodelphys halli, 618 m 
Picuma, Valle de Suaza; Huila, Colombia (Rio 
Suaza = 0210'N, 7541'W, USBGN) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Piedras Blancas; Beni, Bolivia (1315'S, 6420'W, 
Anderson, 1997) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Philander opossum 
Piedras Coloradas; Tucuman, Argentina (2704'S, 
6540'W, Mares et al., 1996) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Piedras Negras; San Jose, Costa Rica (0955'N, 
8419'W, USBGN) 
Micoureus alstoni 
Piedra Tendida; Tucuman, Argentina (2630'S, 
6452'W, Mares et al., 1996) 
Didelphis albiventris, 2500 ft (= 780 m) 
Thylamys venustus, 2500 ft (= 780 m) 
Pilar; Neembucii, Paraguay (2625'S, 5823'W, 
Paynter, 1989) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Pilcopata, 10 m W; Cusco, Peru (ca. 1308'S, 
7110'W, Stephens and Traylor, 1983) 
Marmosops noctivagus, 550 m 
Piliguaya (see La Florida); La Paz, Bolivia 
Pilimbala; Valle del Cauca, Colombia (not locat- 
ed) 
Didelphis albiventris, 2900 m 
Pillahuata; Cusco, Peru (1308'S, 7125'W, Ste- 
phens and Traylor, 1983) 



Lestoros inca, 2450-2880 m 
Pina; Panama, Panama (0916'N, 8000'W, Geo- 
net) 
Philander opossum 
Pinalitos; Misiones, Argentina (2559'S, 5354'W, 
Paynter, 1985) 
Chironectes minimus, ca. 500 m 
Pinamar; Uruguay (not located) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Pinangu; Azuay, Ecuador (0226'S, 7858'W, 
Bublitz, 1987) 
Caenolestes caniventer 
Pinas; El Oro, Ecuador (0342'S, 7942'W, Payn- 
ter, 1993) 
Micoureus regina, 905 m 
Philander opossum, 3600 ft (= 1 125 m) 
Pino (see Pinos); Tarija, Bolivia 
Pinos (= Pino); Tarija, Bolivia (2136'S, 6454'W, 
Paynter, 1992) 
Thylamys venustus, 2000 m 
Piquete (= Piquette); Sao Paulo, Brazil (2236'S, 
4511'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Caluromys philander 
Didelphis albiventris, 646 m 
Didelphis aurita, 646 m 
Micoureus demerarae, 646 m 
Monodelphis scalops, 646 m 
Monodelphis sorex, 646 m 
Philander frenata 
Piquette (see Piquete); Sao Paulo, Brazil 
Piquiatuba, Rio Tapajos; Sao Paulo, Brazil 
(0240'S, 5458'W, Hershkovitz, 1977) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Piquirenda Viejo, 6 km W; Salta, Argentina 
(2221'S, 6350'W, Flores et al., 2000) 
Thylamys pusilla 
Piracicaba; Sao Paulo, Brazil (2243'S, 4738'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Chironectes minimus 
Gracilinanus microtarsus, 548 m 
Monodelphis americana 
Monodelphis scalops, 527 m 
Pira Pira; Carabobo, Venezuela (0957'N, 
6804'W, Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Monodelphis palliolata 
Pirapolis (see Piriapolis); Maldonado, Uruguay 
Pirapora; Minas Gerais, Brazil (1721'S, 4456'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis albiventris, 412 m 
Piraqui; Alto Parana, Paraguay (not located) 
Monodelphis brevicaudis 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



261 



Pirassununga; Sao Paulo. Brazil (2159'S. 
4725'W, Paynter and Traylor. 1991) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata, 634 m 
Pirayii-hi (see Arroyo Pirayu-f); Itapua. Paraguay 
Pirebebuy (see Piribebuy); Paraguari. Paraguay 
Piriapolis (= Pirapolis); Maldonado. Uruguay 
(3454'S, 5517'W, Paynter, 1994) 
Didelphis albiventris, sea level 
Lutreolina crassicaudata. sea level 
Piribebuy (= Pirebebuy); Paraguari. Paraguay 
(2529'S, 5703'W, Paynter, 1989) 
Chironectes minimus (27 km SW of Piribebuy) 
Pirituba, near Sao Paulo: Sao Paulo. Brazil (ca. 
2330'S, 4645'W, Paynter and Traylor. 1991 ) 
Monodelphis sorex 
Piroculina (= Mattas do Piroculina), Chapada dos 
Parecis; Rondonia. Brazil (1238'S. 6012'W. 
Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Pirrita (see San Geronimo): Puntarenas. Costa 

Rica 
Pista Nova [Nueva], 8 km N of Porto Velho (see 

Porto Velho); Rondonia. Brazil 
Piste de Saint-Elie Ecerex Station (= Piste St. 
Elie); French Guiana (0518'N, 5304'W. Ju- 
lien-Laferriere. 1997) 
Caluromys philander 
Didelphis albiventris 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Mannosa marina 
Philander opossum 
Piste St. Elie (see Piste de Saint-Elie Ecerex Sta- 
tion); French Guiana 
Pitalito; Huila, Colombia (0151'N. 7602'W. 
Paynter, 1997) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Pitiguaya (see La Florida): La Paz. Bolivia 
Piura; Piura. Peru (0512'S, 8038'W. Stephens 
and Traylor, 1983) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 29 m 
Plantage de Morgenstond (see "De Morgen- 

stond"); Paramarino. Suriname 
Plantation Clevia (see Clevia): Commewijne. Su- 
riname 
Plantation San Huberto. Tingo Maria: Huanuco. 
Peru (Tingo Maria = 0918'S. 7559'W. Ste- 
phens and Traylor. 1983) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Plantation Hope: Demerara-Mahaica. Guyana 
(0642'N, 5758'W. Geonet) 
Mannosa murina 
Plantation "Mary's Hope." E of Totness: Coronie. 
Suriname (0553'N, 5618'W. Geonet) 
Micoureus demerarae 



Platanales de los Campos; Merida. Venezuela (not 
located) 
Micoureus demerarae 
Playa Ancha; Salta. Argentina (2207'S, 6344'W, 
Geonet) 
Thylamys venustus 
Playa Colorado: Sucre. Venezuela (1016'N. 
'6426'W. Perez-Hernandez. 1989) 
Chironectes minimus, sea level 
Playa del Rio Base. Cerro Duida; Amazonas. Ve- 
nezuela (Cerro Duida = 0325'N. 6540'W. 
Paynter. 1982) 
Philander andersoni 
Pocao: Pernambuco. Brazil (0811'S. 36 C 42'W. 
USBGN) 
Didelphis albiventris. 980 m 
Monodelphis domestica, 980 m 
Pocao. Boa Vista (see Boa Vista); Roraima. Brazil 
Pocao. Caracaraf (see Caracaraf): Roraima. Brazil 
Po^o das Antas. Reserva Biologica: Rio de Ja- 
neiro. Brazil (2230'-2233'S. 4215'- 
4219'W. Pires et al.. 1999) 
Caluromys philander 
Didelphis aurita 
Micoureus demerarae 
Poco Preto (see Estacao Biologica de Boraceia): 

Sao Paulo. Brazil 
Pocone; Mato Grosso. Brazil (1615'S. 5637'W. 
Hershkovitz. 1997) 
Gracilinanus agilis 
Philander opossum (gallery forest) 
Pocos de Caldas: Minas Gerais. Brazil (2148'S. 
4634'W. Paynter and Traylor. 1991) 
Didelphis aurita. 1 1 88 m 
Polanco. Minas: Lavalleja. Uruguay (3353'S. 
5503'W. Paynter. 1994) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Pomara: Amazonas. Peru (0516'S, 7826'W, Ste- 
phens and Traylor. 1983) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Pomeroon; Pomeroon-Supenaam. Guyana (Pom- 
eroon River = 0737'N. 5845'W, Stephens 
and Traylor. 1985) 
Philander opossum 
Pomona: Stann Creek District. Belize (1659'N, 
8822'W. Geonet) 
Philander opossum (4 mi E of Pomona) 
Pompeu: Minas Gerais. Brazil (1913'S, 4459'W. 
Varejao and Valle. 1982) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Ponta Cumuruxatiba ( = "Comechatiba" = Com- 
oxatiba = Cumuruxatiba): Bahia. Brazil 
(1706'S. 39H'W. Paynter and Traylor, 
1991) 



262 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Ponta de Boraceia; Sao Paulo, Brazil (2348'S, 
4549'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Philander opossum 
Ponta da Fruta; Espirito Santo, Brazil (2031'S, 
4026'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis aurita, sea level 
Ponte Nova; Minas Gerais, Brazil (2024'S, 
4254'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis aurita, 402 m 
Popoyan; Cauca, Colombia (0227'N, 7636'W, 
Paynter, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1750 m 
Porto Bello; Colon, Panama (0933'N, 7939'W, 
Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Porto de Moz; Para, Brazil (0145'S, 5214'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 30 m (Rio Xingu) 
Monodelphis brevicaudata, 30 m 
Porto Espiridao; Mato Grosso, Brazil (1551'S, 
5828'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Caluromys lanatus, 372 m 
Porto Faia, Rio Parana; Mato Grosso, Brazil (not 
located) 
Micoureus constantiae 
Porto Feliz; Santa Catarina, Brazil (not located) 

Philander frenata 
Port-of-Spain; St. George, Trinidad and Tobago 
(1039'N, 6131'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Porto Novo; Minas Gerais, Brazil (2153'S, 
4242'W, Mustrangi and Patton, 1997) 
Marmosops incanus, 160 m 
Porto Real, near; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (2225'S, 
4420'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Gracilinanus microtarsus, sea level 
Porto Seguro; Bahia, Brazil (1626'S, 3905'W, 
Mustrangi and Patton, 1997) 
Marmosops incanus, sea level 
Porto Velho; Rondonia, Brazil (0846'S, 6354'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus (Pista Nova [Nueva], 

8 km N of Porto Velho) 
Philander opossum 
Portovelo; El Oro, Ecuador (0343'S, 7939'W, 
Paynter, 1993) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 640 m 
Marmosops impavidus, 2000 ft (= 625 m) 
Porvenir, 1.3 km SW; Chuquisaca, Bolivia 
(2045'S, 6313'W, coordinates given on 
specimen tag) 
Didelphis albiventris, 675 m 
Monodelphis domestica 



Thylamys venustus 
Potaro; Potaro-Siparuni, Guyana (0523'N, 
5908'W, Stephens and Traylor, 1985) 
Micoureus demerarae 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Potrerillo; La Rioja, Argentina (2825'S, 6741'W, 
Geonet) 
Thylamys pallidior, 2600 m 
Potrerillos, 3.6 km N; Salta, Argentina (2604'S, 
6530'W, Flores et al., 2000) 
Thylamys venustus 
Potrero; Veracruz-Llave, Mexico (1852'N, 
9650'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1700 ft (= 530 m) 
Philander opossum, 1700 ft (= 530 m) (8 km 
NW of Potrero) 
Potrero Viejo, 5 km W of Potrero; Veracruz-Lla- 
ve, Mexico (1852'N, 9650'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 

Philander opossum, 1700 ft (= 530 m) (5 km 
W of Potrero) 
Powakka; Suriname, Suriname (0527'N, 
5505'W, Stephens and Traylor, 1985) 
Philander opossum 
Pozo Ancho (town between Cartago and Pacaya); 
Cartago, Costa Rica (Cartago = 0952'N, 
8355'W, Pacaya = 0935'N, 8404'W Geo- 
net) 
Micoureus alstoni 
Pozo Azul; Puntarenas, Costa Rica (0930'N, 
8420'W, Gardner, 1973) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Pozo del Tigre, Patino; Formosa, Argentina 
(2454'S, 6019'W, Geonet) 
Gracilinanus agilis 
Pozo Hondo; Tucuman, Argentina (2749'S, 
6520'W, Mares et al., 1996) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Pozuzo; Pasco [formerly Huanuco], Peru 
(1004'S, 7532'W, Stephens and Traylor, 
1983) 
Chironectes minimus, 342 m, 1000 m 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1000 ft (= 300 m) 
Glironia venusta, 800 m 
Marmosa murina, 1000 m 
Marmosops noctivagus, 1000 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 752-800 m 
Micoureus regina, 1000 m (Rio Pachitea) 
Prados; Minas Gerais, Brazil (2103'S, 4405'W, 
Varejao and Valle, 1982) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Didelphis aurita 
Praia do Felix, Ubatuba; Sao Paulo, Brazil (Uba- 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



263 



tuba = 2326'S, 4504'W. Paynter and Tray- 
lor, 1991) 
Philander frenata, 150 m 
Pregonero; Tachira, Venezuela, (0801'N, 
7145'W Geonet) 
Monodelphis adusta, 1 100 m 
Presidente Juscelino: Minas Gerais, Brazil 
(1840'S, 4411'W, Hershkovitz. 1992) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Primeiro Morro: Sao Paulo, Brazil (2422'S. 
4749'W) 
Didelphis aurita 

Gracilinanus microtarsus, ca. 25 m 
Princesa Isabel; Parafba, Brazil (0744'S. 
3800'W. USBGN) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Princes Town [Princestown]; Victoria, Trinidad 
and Tobago (1016'N, 6123'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosa robinsoni, 125 ft (= 40 m) 
Progreso: Chiriquf. Panama (0827'N. 8250'W. 
Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 

Didelphis marsupialis ( 1 mi SW of Progreso) 
Philander opossum 
Prosperidade (= Cachoeira de Pancada); Amapa. 
Brazil (ca. 0010'S, 5150'W, Paynter and 
Traylor. 1991) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Prudente de Morais: Minas Gerais. Brazil 
(1929'S, 4411'W, USBGN) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Pucallpa; Ucayali, Peru (0823'S, 7432'W. Ste- 
phens and Traylor. 1983) 
Chironectes minimus, ca. 150 m (Rio Ucayali) 
Didelphis marsupialis, ca. 150 m (56 km and 

59 km SW of Pucallpa) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus (57-59 km W of Pu- 
callpa, W bank Rio Ucayali. 0828'S. 
7436'W) 
Monodelphis adusta, ca. 150 m 
Philander mcilhennyi, 1180 m (59 km NE of 
Rio Ucayali. 59 km SW and 59 km W of 
Pucallpa) 
Puca Tambo: San Martin. Peru (0610'S, 7716'W 
Stephens and Traylor, 1983) 
Marmosops impavidus, 1480 m 
Pueblo Bello. Valledupar: Magdalena. Colombia 
(1025'N, 7335'W Geonet) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1067 m 
Pueblo Juarez (see Hacienda Magdalena): Colima. 

Mexico 
Pueblo Las Virtudes, 17 km from Caja Seca. Cas- 



erio El Amparo; Merida, Venezuela 
(0907'N. 7057'W, Geonet) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Pueblo Nuevo (= Vitoc = Montana de Vitoc) 
(also see Chanchamayo); Juni'n, Peru 
(lTlO'S. 7516'W, Stephens and Traylor, 
1983) 
Marmosops impavidus (cerca de Chanchama- 
yo) 
Marmosops noctivagus, ca. 500 m 
Pueblo Nuevo. 15-25 km SSW of Peninsula de 
Paraguana: Falcon. Venezuela (1150'N, 
6959'W. Handley, 1976) 
Marmosa xerophila, 13-90 m 
Pueblo Viejo [Puebloviejo] (see El Pueblito); La 

Guajira. Colombia 
Puebloviejo: Los Rios, Ecuador (0134'S, 
7930'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Philander opossum 
Puente Alto. Rio Maipo; Santiago, Chile (3337'S, 
7035'W Geonet) 
Thylamys elegans, ca. 500 m 
Puente de Ayuriquin (= Alluriquin): Pichincha, 
Ecuador (0019'S, 7859'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Caluromys derbianus, 700 m 
Puente de Chimbo (= Rio Chimbo); Chimborazo, 
Ecuador (ca. 0210'S, 7906'W Paynter, 
1993) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 350 m 
Marmosa robinsoni, 345 m 
Marmosops impavidus 

Philander opossum, 1200 ft (= 375 m) 
(0210'S, 7907'W) 
Puente de Moromoro: El Oro. Ecuador (0350'S, 
7950'W USBGN) 
Chironectes minimus 
Puerto Angel: Oaxaca, Mexico (1540'N, 
9629'W, Geonet) 
Marmosa canescens 
Puerto Armuelles: Chiriquf, Panama (0817'N, 
8252'W. Geonet) 
Philander opossum 
Puerto Asis: Putumayo, Colombia (0030'N, 
7631'W, Paynter. 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 330 m 
Philander andersoni, 330 m (17 km N of 
Puerto Asis) 
Puerto Ayacucho: Amazonas. Venezuela (0540'- 
0506'N. 6745'-6735'W, Handley, 1976) 
Caluromys lanatus, 126 m 
Caluromys philander, 126 m (30 km S of 

Puerto Ayacucho) 
Chironectes minimus (0540'N, 6735'W) 



264 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Didelphis albiventris, ca. 100 m (30 km S of 

Puerto Ayacucho) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 126-135 m (30-32 km 

S of Puerto Ayacucho) 
Micoureus demerarae, 126-135 m (30-32 km 

S of Puerto Ayacucho) 
Monodelphis brevicaudata, 114-135 m (30-32 
km S of Puerto Ayacucho) 
Puerto Bemberg; Misiones, Argentina (2558'S, 
5430'W, Paynter, 1989) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Puerto Bermejo; Chaco, Argentina (2656'S, 
5830'W, USBGN) 
Didelphis albiventris (10 km S of Puerto Ber- 
mejo) 
Philander opossum (10 km S of Puerto Ber- 
mejo) 
Puerto Bertoni, Alto Rio Parana; Alto Parana, Par- 
aguay (2538'S, 5440'W, Paynter, 1989) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Chironectes minimus, 91 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Monodelphis dimidiata 
Monodelphis sorex, 91 m 
Thylamys pusilla, 9 1 m 
Puerto Blest, Parque Nacional Nahuel Huapi; Rio 
Negro, Argentina (4102'S, 7149'W, Paynter, 
1985) 
Dromiciops gliroides, 764 m, 770 m 
Rhyncholestes raphanurus, 780 m 
Puerto Caballo; Beni, Bolivia (1343'S, 6521'W, 
Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Gracilinanus agilis 
Philander opossum 
Puerto Cabello; Carabobo, Venezuela (1028'N, 
6801'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Marmosa robinsoni, sea level 
Puerto Camacho, 15 km NW; Pando, Bolivia 
(1128'S, 6750'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Marmosops noctivagus 
Puerto Carmen, Los Lagos; Chiloe, Chile 
(4308'S, 7346'W, Geonet) 
Dromiciops gliroides 
Rhyncholestes raphanurus 
Puerto Catatumbo; Zulia, Venezuela (0906'N, 
7241'W, Geonet) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 50 m 
Philander opossum, 50 m 
Puerto Centinela (see Centinela); Beni, Bolivia 
Puerto Cortez (= Ciudad Cortes = Cortes); Pun- 
tarenas, Costa Rica (0858'N, 8332'W, Geo- 
net) 
Caluromys derbianus 



Puerto del Triunfo; Usulutan, El Salvador 
(1317'N, 8833'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis, sea level 
Philander opossum, sea level 
Puerto Gaitan; Arauca, Colombia (0615'N, 
7127'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Puerto Golfito, 9 km ENE; Puntarenas, Costa Rica 
(0839'N, 8309'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Puerto Huite (see Huite); Los Lagos, Chile 
Puerto Iguazu (= Foz do Iguacu = Iguasu = Igua- 
zu); Misiones, Argentina (2534'S, 5434'W, 
Paynter, 1985) 
Chironectes minimus, ca. 100 m 
Didelphis albiventris (2533'S, 5435'W) 
Didelphis aurita 
Puerto Indiana, N bank Rio Maranon; Loreto, 
Peru (ca. 0308'S, 7303'W, Stephens and 
Traylor, 1983) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Puerto Libertad (= Bemberg), Iguazu, Rfo Uru- 
gua-i; Misiones, Argentina (2555'S, 
5436'W, Geonet) 
Gracilinanus agilis 
Puerto Linares; La Paz, Bolivia (1529'S, 
6731'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosops noctivagus 
Micoureus constantiae 
Puerto Lobos; Chubut, Argentina (4203'S, 
6508'W, Mares and Braun, 2000) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Puerto Maldonado; Madre de Dios, Peru (1236'S, 
6911'W, Stephens and Traylor, 1983) 
Caluromys lanatus (Reserva Cusco Amazoni- 

co, 4 km E of Puerto Maldonado) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 200 m (Reserva Cusco 

Amazonico, 4 km E of Puerto Maldonado) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 200 m (also at Re- 
serva Cusco Amazonico, 4 km E of Puerto 
Maldonado) 
Philander opossum, 1 30-200 m (Reserva Cus- 
co Amazonico, 4 km E and 12 km E of 
Puerto Maldonado; left bank Rio Tambo, 
1235'S, 6918'W) 
Puerto Marquez (see San Marquez); Huanuco, 

Peru 
Puerto Montt; Los Lagos, Chile (4128'S, 
7257'W, Geonet) 
Dromiciops gliroides 
Puerto Napo, Rio Napo (= Rio Napo); Napo, Ec- 
uador (0103'N, 7747'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



265 



Didelphis marsupialis 
Philander andersoni 
Puerto Octay; Los Lagos, Chile (4058'S, 
7254'W, Geonet) 
Rhyncholestes raphanurus, 140 m (15 km 
NNW of Puerto Octay) 
Puerto Paez; Apure, Venezuela (0613'N, 
6728'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Puerto Piramides; Chubut, Argentina (4234'S, 
6417'W, Mares and Braun, 2000) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Puerto Piray, km 18; Misiones, Argentina 
(2628'S, 5442'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Chironectes minimus, ca. 50 m 
Puerto Quellon, Isla Chiloe (= Quelk5n); Los La- 
gos, Chile (4307'S, 7337'W, Geonet) 
Dromiciops gliroides, sea level, 20 m (15 km 
S of Puerto Quellon, 4308'S, 7344'W, near 
mouth of Rio Yaldad) 
Rhyncholestes raphanurus (near mouth of Rio 
Yaldad, 15 km SW of Quellon) 
Puerto Salinas; Beni, Bolivia (1420'S, 6733'W, 
Paynter, 1992) 
Marmosa murina, 226 m 
Puerto San Rafael (= San Rafael); Itapua, Para- 
guay (ca. 2640'S. 5453'W, Paynter, 1989) 
Chironectes minimus (2 km NNW of Puerto 

San Rafael) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Puerto Schwelm; Misiones, Argentina (not locat- 
ed) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Didelphis aurita 
Puerto Siles; Beni, Bolivia (1248'S, 6505'W, 
Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Philander opossum 
Puerto Suarez, Sara Province; Santa Cruz, Bolivia 
(1857'S, 5751'W, Paynter, 1992) 
Gracilinanus agilis, 145 m 
Puerto Valdivia; Antioquia, Colombia (0718'N, 
7523'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1 80 m 
Puerto Viejo, Rio Sarapiqui; Heredia, Costa Rica 
(1028'N, 8401'W, Geonet) 
Chironectes minimus, 300 ft (= 90 m) 
Didelphis marsupialis 

Philander opossum, 90 m (1043'N, 8356'W) 
Puesto Campo Grande, 17 km E of Santo Domin- 
go; Salta, Argentina (2437'S, 6320'W; Flo- 
res et al., 2000) 
Thylamys pusilla 



Puesto Perferacion; Santa Cruz, Bolivia (1955'S, 
6234'W) 
Thylamys pusilla 
Puesto Punta del Agua, 2 km S; Mendoza, Ar- 
gentina (3534'S, 6803'W, Mares and Braun, 
2000) 
Thylamys pallidior, 2700 ft (= 840 m) 
Puesto San Antonio; Madre de Dios, Peru 
(1239'S, 6644'W, Emmons et al., 1994) 
Caluromys lanatus, ca. 200 m 
Didelphis marsupialis, ca. 200 m 
Philander opossum, ca. 200 m (W bank of Rio 
Heath) 
Puna (see Isla Puna); Guayas, Ecuador 
Puna Island (see Isla Puna); Guayas, Ecuador 
Punta Alegre, Peninsula Valiente; Bocas del Toro, 
Panama (Peninsula Valiente = 0905'N, 
8151'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Punta Arena, Peninsula Macanao; Nuevo Esparta, 
Venezuela (1058'N, 6423'W, Lopez-Fuster 
et al., 2000) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Punta Cabito, Lago de Valencia; Carabobo, Ve- 
nezuela (1011'N, 6751'W, Perez-Hernan- 
dez, 1989) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 415 m, 420 m 
Marmosa robinsoni (1012'N, 6749'W) 
Punta del Agua; Mendoza, Argentina (3531'S, 
6805'W, Geonet) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Punta Lara; Buenos Aires, Argentina (3449'S, 
5759'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Didelphis albiventris, sea level 
Lutreolina crassicaudata, sea level 
Punta Norte (see Cayo de Agua); Bocas del Toro, 

Panama 
Punta Norte, Peninsula Valdes, 3 km S; Chubut, 
Argentina (4204'S, 6345'W, Geonet) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Punta Rieles; Santa Cruz, Bolivia (1635'S, 
6412'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Micoureus regina 
Punta Santa Ana; Loja, Ecuador (0350'S, 
7925'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Philander opossum, 3650 ft (= 1140 m) (on 
road from Zaruma to Loja) 
Purace; Cauca, Colombia (0224'N, 7627'W, 
Paynter, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 2646-3650 m 
Pun; Antioquia, Colombia (0725'N, 7520'W, 
Paynter, 1997) 



266 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Metachirus nudicaudatus, 140 m (Rio Pun, Rio 
Cauca, 0724'N, 7520'W) 



Quadro Penteado, 30 km from Sete Barras; Sao 
Paulo, Brazil (Sete Barras = 2423'S, 
4755'W, Paynter and Tray lor, 1991) 
Didelphis aurita, 50 m 
Quarry Heights; Panama, Panama (0857'N, 
7933'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Quartel do Sacramento; Minas Gerais, Brazil 
(1944'S, 4231'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Philander frenata 
Quartermile Landing (= Kwatamang Landing), 
Rupununi River, 5 km S of Anna; Rupununi 
Guyana (0355'N, 5906'W, Patton, pers. 
comm.) 
Micoureus demerarae 
Quebrada Aucayo; Loreto, Peru (0350'S, 
7305'W, Geonet) 
Monodelphis emiliae 
Quebrada de Las Flores; San Juan, Argentina 
(3140'S, 6808'W, Mares and Braun, 2000) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Quebrada de Lopez, San Francisco del Monte de 
Oro (see San Francisco del Monte de Oro); 
San Luis, Argentina 
Quebrada de los Cuervos, 43 km N of Trienta y 
Tres; Trienta y Tres, Uruguay (Trienta y Tres 
= 3214'S, 5423'W, Paynter, 1994) 
Didelphis albiventris, ca. 100 m 
Quebrada de Lules; Tucuman, Argentina 
(2652'S, 6525'W, Mares et al., 1966) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Quebrada de Pichan; (see Volcan Pichincha); Pi- 

chincha, Ecuador 
Quebrada de San Lorenzo, 12 km NW of Salta; 
Salta, Argentina (San Lorenzo [suburb of 
Salta] = 2443'S, 6529'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Quebrada Huarandosa, Rio Chinchipe; Cajamar- 
ca, Peru (0512'S, 7848'W, Hershkovitz 
files) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Quebrada Kohuiri; Oruro, Bolivia (1808'S, 
6857'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Quebrada La Pedregosa (= La Pedregosa = Mon- 
tes de Pedregoso = Pedregosa); Merida, Ve- 
nezuela (0836'N, 7112'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Gracilinanus marica, 1600 m (0837'N, 
7142'W) 



Marmosa robinsoni, 1600 m 
Quebrada Matara; Apunmac, Peru (1345'S, 
7254'W, Stephens and Traylor, 1983) 
Didelphis albiventris, 6200 ft (= 1930 m) 
Quebrada Morro Leguia; Cusco, Peru (ca. 
1310'S, 7104'W, Pacheco et al., 1993) 
Lestoros inca, 2100-2250 m 
Quebrada Oran; Loreto, Peru (Oran = 0321'S, 
7231'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 110 m 
Philander andersoni, 110m 
Quebrada Repressa, Puerto Obaldfa; San Bias, 
Panama (Puerto Obaldia = 0840'N, 
7725'W, Geonet) 
Chironectes minimus 
Quebrada Tasinchana; Pichincha, Ecuador 
(0039'S, 7836'W, Bublitz, 1987) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus, 3520-3640 m 
Quebrada Vainilla (= Quebrada Vanilla), 10 km 
SSW of mouth of Rio Napo; Loreto, Peru 
(mouth Rio Napo = 0330'S, 7243'W, Geo- 
net) 
Glironia venusta (on east bank) 
Quebrada Valdivia; Antioquia, Colombia 
(0711'N, 7527'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Marmosops parvidens, 900 m 
Quebrada Vanilla (see Quebrada Vainilla); Loreto, 

Peru 
Quebrada Venado, Armila; San Bias, Panama (Ar- 
mila = 0840'N, 7728'W, Geonet) 
Chironectes minimus 
Quebrangulo; Alagoas, Brazil (0920'S, 3629'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis albiventris, 411m 
Quellon (see Puerto Quellon); Los Lagos, Chile 
Quemapure, Brazo Casiquiare; Amazonas, Vene- 
zuela (0229'N, 6627'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Micoureus demerarae, ca. 100 in 
Quillabamba, 90 km SE, below Abra Malaga; 
Cusco, Peru (1310'S, 7232'W, Patterson 
and Albuja, 1996) 
Lestoros inca, 3540 m 
Quillota; Valparaiso, Chile (3253'S, 7116'W, 
Geonet) 
Thylamys elegans, 128 m 
Quilpue; Valparaiso, Chile (3302'S, 7126'W, 
Geonet) 
Thylamys elegans, ca. 100 m 
Quincemil; Cusco, Peru (1316'S, 7038'W, Ste- 
phens and Traylor, 1983) 
Caluromys lanatus, 650 m 
Caluromysiops irrupta, 650 m 
Chironectes minimus, 650 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 680 m 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



267 



Philander opossum, 680 m (1315'S, 7043'W) 
Quindfo, western; Quindfo, Colombia (not locat- 
ed) 
Marmosops impavidus 
Quine, 6 km NNE of Estancia Jahue; Santa Cruz, 
Bolivia (1802'S, 6419'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Thylamys ven ustus 
Quine, 3.2 km NE, 17 km S of Estancia Laja: 
Santa Cruz, Bolivia (1824'S, 6419'W, An- 
derson, 1997) 
Thylamys \ 'en ustus 
Quininde (see Rosa Zarate); Esmeraldas, Ecuador 
Quinisa, Chanchamayo; Junin, Peru (Chancha- 
mayo = 1106'S, 7519'W, USBGN) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Quiroga; Buenos Aires, Argentina (3516'S, 
6125'W, Geonet) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Quiros; Catamarca, Argentina (2847'S, 6507'W, 
Mares et al., 1997) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Quispicanchi (Province); Cusco, Peru (1325'S, 
7100'W, Stephens and Traylor, 1983) 
Chironectes minimus 
Quistococha [Quista Cocha], Maynes; Loreto, 
Peru (0350'S, 7316'W, USBGN) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 110 m 
Philander andersoni 
Quito; Pichincha, Ecuador (0013'S, 7830'W, 
Paynter, 1993) 
Didelphis albiventris, 2817 m 
Quixada; Ceara, Brazil (0458'S, 3901'W, Payn- 
ter and Traylor, 1991) 
Monodelphis domestica, 190 m 



Raco; Tucuman, Argentina (2638'S, 6256'W, 
Paynter, 1985) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata, 1000 m 
Thylamys venustus, 1000 m 
Raleigh Vallen (Falls); Sipaliwini, Suriname 
(0443'N. 5612'W, Geonet) 
Marmosa murina (E bank Coppename River) 
Micoureus demerarae (E bank Coppename 

River) 
Monodelphis hrevicaudata 
Rancho Grande (see Estacion Biologico de Ran- 

cho Grande); Aragua, Venezuela 
Rancho Grande, Auyan-tepuf; Bolfvar, Venezuela 
(Auyan-tepuf = 0555'N, 6232'W, Paynter, 
1985) 
Monodelphis hrevicaudata 
Rancho Grande Biological Station (see Estacion 



Biologico de Rancho Grande); Aragua, Ve- 
nezuela 
Rancho Palo Amarillo, Amatlan; Sinaloa, Mexico 
(not located) 
Marmosa canescens 
Rancho Pano Ayucutle, 6 mi N of Gomez Farias, 
25 mi N of El Mante; Tamaulipas, Mexico 
(2307'N, 9913'W, Alvarez, 1963) 
Philander opossum, 300 ft (= 90 m) 
Rancho Sabinal; San Luis Potosf, Mexico (Sabinal 
= 2145'N, 9907'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Rancho Tambo, 61 km E; Tarija, Bolivia (2127'S, 
6419'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Didelphis albiventris, 2100 m 
Thylamys venustus 
Raudal Cerguera, Rio Autana; Amazonas, Vene- 
zuela (0445'N, 6725'W, Perez-Hernandez, 
1989) 
Caluromys lanatus, 100 m 
Micoureus demerarae 
Raudal Chalimana; Bolivar. Venezuela (0410'N, 
6259'W, Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Philander opossum (Rio Paramichf, Rio Para- 
gua) 
Raudalito (see San Felipe); Amazonas, Venezuela 
Realango, Serra da Piraquara; Rio de Janeiro, Bra- 
zil (2252'S, 4326'W, Paynter and Traylor, 
1991) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Recife; Pernambuco, Brazil (0803'S, 3454'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Marmosa murina, sea level 
Recoleta, Asuncion; Central, Paraguay (Asuncion 
= 2516'S, 5740'W, Paynter, 1989) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Reconcavo (= Bahia de Todos Santos); Bahia, 
Brazil (ca. 1245'S, 3845'W, Paynter and 
Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis aurita 
Red Tank; Panama, Panama (0900'N, 7936'W, 
Gardner, 1973) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Refugio (see Volcan Osorno); Los Lagos, Chile 
Refugio Juliaca; Madre de Dios, Peru (1257'S, 
6852'W, Emmons et al., 1994) 
Didelphis marsupialis, ca. 200 m 
Refugio Military General Alvarado, 3 km W; 
Mendoza, Argentina (not located) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Refugio, near Paso Coihue; Neuquen, Argentina 
(Paso Coihue = 4058'S, 7121'W, Paynter, 
1985) 
Dromiciops gliroides, 1370 m 



268 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Refugio Neumeyer, SSW San Carlos de Barilo- 
che; Rio Negro, Argentina (San Carlos de 
Bariloche = 4109'S, 7118'W, Geonet) 
Dromiciops gliroides 
Refugio Picoplancha; Madre de Dios, Peru 
(1248'S, 6849'W, Emmons et al., 1994) 
Micoureus regina (W bank Rio Heath) 
Refugio, Valle de La Picada; Los Lagos, Chile 
(4102'S, 7248'W, Geonet) 
Dromiciops gliroides, 425-1135 m 
Rhyncholestes raphanurus, 425 m, 450 m, 715 
m, 820 m, 1000 m 
Registo do Sai; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (ca. 
2256'S, 4400'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis aurita 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Represa de Guanapito, Altagracia de Orituco; 
Guarico, Venezuela (0955'N, 6625'W, 
Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Chironectes minimus 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Republiek; Para, Suriname (0530'N, 5512'W, 
Geonet) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Reserva Biologica de Horco Molle (see Horco 

Molle); Tucuman, Argentina 
Reserva Biologica del Beni; Beni, Bolivia 
(1451'S, 6621'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Reserva Biologica de Tingua, Nova Iguacii; Rio 
de Janeiro, Brazil (2236'S, 4326'W, Mus- 
trangi and Patton, 1997) 
Marmosops incanus 
Reserva Biologica Nova Lombardia; Santa Tere- 
za, Brazil (ca. 1950'S, 4232'W, Mustrangi 
and Patton, 1997) 
Marmosops incanus, 500-1200 m 
Reserva Cusco Amazonico, 14 km E of Puerto 
Maldonado (see Puerto Maldonado); Madre 
de Dios, Peru 
Reserva Ecologica Biologica do Instituto de Geo- 
grafia e Estatfstica (IBGE), 20 km S of Bra- 
silia; Distrito Federal, Brazil (Brasilia = 
1547'S, 4756'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis albiventris, 1 1 00 m 
Gracilinanus agilis 

Marmosa murina (35 km SE of Brasilia) 
Monodelphis americana, ca. 1100 m 
Reserva Ecologica de Nacunan (see Nacunan); 

Mendoza, Argentina 
Reserva Experimental de Flora y Fauna de Horco 
Molle; Tucumam, Argentia (2645'S, 
6221'W, Capllonch et al., 1997) 
Didelphis albiventris 



Reserva Forestal Campanha, Vale do Rio Doce; 
Linhares, Brazil (1930'S, 4000'W, Mustran- 
gi and Patton, 1997) 
Marmosops incanus, 50 m 
Reserva Forestal Imataca; Bolfvar, Venezuela (not 
precisely located) 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Reserva Forestal Ticoporo; Barinas, Venezuela 
(0800'N, 7003'W, Ldpez-Fuster et al., 
2000) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Philander opossum 
Reserva Natural Estricta El Leoncito; San Juan, 
Argentina (3146'S, 6910'W, Heinonen and 
Chebez, 1997) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Reserva Natural Estricta Otamendi; Buenos Aires, 
Argentina (3414'S, 5853'W, Heinonen and 
Chebez, 1997) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Gracilinanus agilis 
Lutreolina crasssicaudata 
Reserva Natural Estricta San Antonio; Misiones, 
Argentina (2605'S, 5346'W, Heinonen and 
Chebez, 1997) 
Didelphis aurita 
Gracilinanus agilis 
Monodelphis sorex 
Reserva Natural Formosa; Formosa, Argentina 
(2419'S, 6143'W, Heinonen and Chebez, 
1997) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Monodelphis domestica 
Reserva Provincial La Florida; Tucuman, Argen- 
tina (2713'S, 6537'W, Flores et al., 2000) 
Thylamys venustus 
Restrepo (= Caney = Canay); Meta, Colombia 
(0415'N, 7333'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis (Caney, Rio Guatiqufa) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Philander opossum 
Reyes; Beni, Bolivia (1419'S, 6723'W, Paynter, 
1992) 
Gracilinanus agilis, 196 m 
Riacho Pilaga (= Estancia Linda Vista); Formosa, 
Argentina (ca. 2513'S, 5747'W, Paynter, 
1985) 
Gracilinanus agilis, 100 m 
Philander opossum 
Ribeirao Bonito; Sao Paulo, Brazil (2204'S, 
4810'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata, 585 m 
Ribeirao da Fortuna, Ilheus near Buerama; Bahia, 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



269 



Brazil (Buerama 1457'S, 3919'W. 

USBGN) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Ribeirao da Lagoa, 20 km S of Salesopolis; Sao 
Paulo, Brazil (Salesopolis 2332'S. 

4551'W, Geonet) 
Monodelphis sorex 
Ribeirao das Pedras (= Ribeirao Pedra), near 
Raneho Pedra, Rio Pardo; Minas Gerais, Bra- 
zil (1805'S, 4340'W, USBGN) 
Chironectes minimus 
Ribeirao do Varjao (see Varjao); Sao Paulo, Brazil 
Ribeirao Fundo; Sao Paulo, Brazil (ca. 2415'S, 
4745'W, Paynter and Tray lor, 1991) 
Didelphis aurita, 7(K) m 
Ribeirao Jordao (see Rio Jordao); Minas Gerais, 

Brazil 
Ribeirao Pedra (see Ribeirao das Pedras); Minas 

Gerais, Brazil 
Ribeirao Preto; Sao Paulo, Brazil (2110'S, 
4748'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata, 518m 
Riberalta; Beni, Bolivia (1059'S, 6606'W, An- 
derson, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Philander opossum 
Ricaurte; Narifio, Colombia (0113'N, 7759'W, 
Paynter, 1997) 
Marmosops impavidus, 5000 ft (= 1560 m) 
Micoureus regina, 5000 ft (= 1560 m) 
Richmond; Trinidad and Tobago (1113'N, 
6037'W, Geonet) 
Marmosa murina 
Rijweg (see Paramaribo); Paramaribo, Suriname 
Rincao; Sao Paulo, Brazil (2135'S, 4805'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Rincon, Corcovado National Park; Puntarenas, 
Costa Rica (0842'N, 8329'W, Geonet) 
Chironectes minimus 

Didelphis marsupialis (0842'N, 8328'W) 
Rincon (see El Rincon); San Luis, Argentina 
Rio Acara; Para, Brazil (0140'S, 4825'W, Payn- 
ter and Traylor, 1991) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Rio Aceramarca (see Rio Aceromarca), Rio Un- 

duavi, Yungas; La Paz, Bolivia 
Rio Aceromarca (= Rio Aceramarca), Rio Un- 
duavi, Yungas; La Paz, Bolivia (1618'S, 
6753'W, Paynter, 1992) 
Didelphis albiventris 

Gracilinanus aceramarcae, 2600 m, 10800 ft 
( = 3370 m) 



Rio Acima; Minas Gerais. Brazil (2007'S, 
4315'W, Varejao and Valle, 1982) 
Didelphis albiventris 

Rfo Aguaray-Guazu, right bank tributary Rio Par- 
aguay; Presidente Hayes. Paraguay (24 47 S, 
5719'W, Paynter, 1989) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata (1.2 km N of Rio 
Aguaray-Guazu) 

Rio Aguas Claras, near San Adolfo, Acevedo; 
Huila, Colombia (0145'N, 7555'W, Pine, 

1981) 
Marmosops parvidens, 1400 m, 1700 m^ 
Rio Albarregas; Merida, Venezuela (0835'N, 
7109'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Gracilinanus marica, 1630 m 
Marmosops fuscatus, 1630 m 
Rio Alto Madre de Dios, Parque Nacional del 
Manu; Madre de Dios, Peru (1217'S, 
7052'W, USBGN) 
Caluromxsiops irrupta 
Rfo Alto Puriis; Ucayali, Peru (0934'S, 7036'W, 
USBGN) 
Chironectes minimus 
Rio Amaca-Yacu [Rio Amacayacu]; Amazonas, 
Colombia (0330'N, 7015'W, Lemke, 1982) 
Marmosa lepida, 100 m 
Rio Amaparf, Macapa; Amapa, Brazil (0043'N, 
5132'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Marmosa murina 
Marmosops pinheiroi 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Philander opossum (Serra do Navio) 
Rio Amaya, boca, W bank Rio Morona; Loreto, 
Peru (0412'S, 7710'W, Hershkovitz files) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 200 m 
Rio Anaure (= Aurare); Zulia, Venezuela 
(1036'N, 7130'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Didelphis marsupialis, sea level 
Rfo Anchicaya, alto; Valle del Cauca, Colombia 
(0336'N, 7654'W, Timm, pers. comm.) 
Philander opossum 
Rfo Andalgala; Catamarca, Argentina (2748'S, 
6617'W, Mares et al., 1997) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Rfo Andira, boca; Amazonas, Brazil (0245'S, 
5649'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Micoureus demerarae 
Rio Aquidaban at Paso Horqueta; Concepcion, 
Paraguay (Paso Aquidaban = 2307'S, 
5720'W, USBGN) 
Philander opossum 
Rio Araguari, Macapa; Amapa, Brazil (0115'N, 
4955'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Caluromys philander (lower Rfo Araguari) 



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Micoureus demerarae 

Monodelphis brevicaudata (lower Rio Aragu- 
ari) 
Rio Arauca; Arauca, Colombia (0703'-1001'N, 
7209'-7158'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1000 m, 1100 m 
Rio Aripuana [Aripuanan]; Amazonas, Brazil 
(0507'S, 6024'W, USBGN) 
Marmosops noctivagus 
Rio Atoyac; Veracruz-Llave, Mexico (1902'N, 
9608'W, Geonet) 
Philander opossum 
Rio Axtla; San Luis Potosi, Mexico (Axtla = 
2128'N, 9851'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Rio Balcones (see Guasca, Rio Balcones); Cun- 

dinamarca, Colombia 
Riobamba; Chimborazo, Ecuador (0140'S, 
7838'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Didelphis albiventris, 2754 m 
Rio Bariatou [Barratow], near Cali (see Cali); Val- 

le del Cauca, Colombia 
Rio Barragan, cerca de la desembocadura Barin- 
tina; Barinas, Venezuela (0840'N, 7025'W, 
Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Marmosa robinsoni, 440 m 
Monodelphis palliolata, 440 m 
Rio Baudo, Rio Sando; Chocd, Colombia 
(0457'N, 7722'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Chironectes minimus 
Rio Baures, mouth; Beni, Bolivia (1230'S, 
6418'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Gracilinanus agilis 
Rio Beni; Beni, Bolivia (1023'S, 6524'W, Payn- 
ter, 1992) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 240 m 
Rio Beni; La Paz, Bolivia (1315'S, 6718'W, An- 
derson, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Philander opossum 
Rio Bermejo; Napo, Ecuador (0017'N, 7706'W, 
Paynter, 1993) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus 
Rio Birongo, Birongo; Miranda, Venezuela 
(1029'N, 6614'W, Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Chironectes minimus 
Monodelphis palliolata, 60 m 
Rio Blanco; Jujuy, Argentina (2425'S, 6523'W, 
Flores et al., 2000) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Thylamys venustus, 1443 m 
Rio Blanco, Piedras Negras; Veracruz-Llave, 
Mexico (1845'N, 9600'W, Geonet) 



Didelphis marsupialis, 400 ft (= 125 m) (20 

km W of Piedras Negras) 
Philander opossum, 400 ft (= 125 m) (20 km 
WNW of Piedras Negras) 
Rio Branco, Mazagao; Amapa, Brazil (0007'S, 
5117'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Philander opossum (tributary Rio Maraca) 
Rio Branco; Roraima, Brazil (not precisely locat- 
ed) 
Caluromys philander 
Rio Briceno; Manabf, Ecuador (0031'S, 8027'W, 
USBGN) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Rio Bubi, near Sona; Veraguas, Panama (Sona = 
0801'N, 8119'W, Geonet) 
Chironectes minimus 
Rio Bubi, Rio Viejo; Veraguas, Panama (0758'N, 
8137'W, Geonet) 
Chironectes minimus 
Rio Burgua; Tachira, Venezuela (0726'N, 
7152'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Rio Cachimayo; Potosi, Bolivia (1918'S, 
6612'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Didelphis albiventris, 3700 ft (= 1150 m) 
Rio Cahy (see Rio Cai); Rio Grande do Sul, Bra- 
zil 
Rio Cai (= Rio Cahy); Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil 
(2956'S, 5116'W, Paynter and Traylor, 
1991) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Rio Caoni; Pichincha, Ecuador (0012'N, 
7923'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Philander opossum 
Rio Capihuara; Pastaza, Ecuador (0231'S, 
7651'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 300 m 
Rio Caris, S of El Tigre; Anzoategui, Venezuela 
(0836'N, 6413'W, Lopez-Fuster et al., 
2000) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Rio Casiquiare; Amazonas, Venezuela (0234'N, 
6718'W, Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Micoureus demerarae, 130 m 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Philander andersoni, 1 30 m 
Rio Castano Overo, W of San Carlos de Barilo- 
che; Rio Negro, Argentina (San Carlos de 
Bariloche = 4109'S, 7118'W, Paynter, 
1985) 
Dromiciops gliroides 
Rio Cauca (= Cauca Seca) (also see Cali); Valle 
del Cauca, Colombia 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



271 



Rio Cauca Valley (see Cali); Valle del Cauca, Co- 
lombia 
Rio Cauquita, few km S of Cali; Valle del Cauca. 
Colombia (Cali = 0327'N, 7631'W, Payn- 
ter, 1997) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Marmosops impavidus, KKX) m 
Rio Cayumba; Junin, Peru (not located) 

Marmosops noctivagus 
Rio Cayumba, Rio Huallaga: Huanuco, Peru 
(0927'S, 7558'W, Stephens and Traylor, 
1983) 
M icon reus regina, 3(KK) ft (= 930 m) 
Rio Ceballos; Cordoba, Argentina (3107'S, 
6418'W. Pineet al 1985) 
Monodelphis dimidiata, 500 m 
Rio Cenepa, Huampami (also see Huampami): 
Amazonas, Peru (0439'S, 7808'W, Geonet) 
Chironectes minimus (N of Huampanf) 
Philander andersoni (NW of Huampanf) 
Rio Chagres; Colon/Panama, Panama (0907'N, 
7942'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Rio Challana; La Paz, Bolivia (1528'S, 67 51'W, 
USBGN) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus (SE of Guanay) 
Rio Chama (see Cafetal de Chama); Merida, Ve- 
nezuela 
Rfo Chamicuros (= Chimicuros), a tributary of 
the Maranon between Rios Huallaga and 
Ucayali: Loreto, Peru (Chamicuros = ca. 
0530'S, 7530'W, Stephens and Traylor, 
1983) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Rio Chanchan; Chimborazo, Ecuador (0217'S, 
7924'W, Paynter. 1993) 
Marmosops impavidus 
Rfo Changena Camp; Bocas del Toro, Panama 
(Rfo Changena = 0906'N, 8234'W, Wenzel 
and Tipton. 1966) 
Philander opossum 
Rfo Changuinola; Bocas del Toro, Panama 
(0928'N, 8227'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Chironectes minimus 
Rfo Chapare (see also Rfo Mamore); Cochabam- 
ba-Santa Cruz, Bolivia (1558'S, 6442'W, 
Paynter. 1982) 
Didelphis marsupialis (54 km S of mouth of 
Rfo Chapare) 
Rfo Chico; Chaco, Argentina (not located) 

Philander opossum 
Rfo Chico; Miranda, Venezuela (1020'N, 
6556'W, Geonet) 



Didelphis marsupialis, sea level, 1 m (1 km S 

and 1-6 km SSE of Rfo Chico) 
Monodelphis palliolata, 1 m (6 km SSE of Rfo 
Chico) 
Rfo Chimate, Rfo Mapiri; La Paz, Bolivia (ca. 
1525'S, 6800'W, Paynter, 1992) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 1900 ft ( = 590 m) 
Rfo Chimbo, Coto; Chimborazo, Ecuador 
(0217'S, 7924'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 350 m 
Rfo Chimbo. junction of Rfo Coco (see Puente de 

Chimbo); Chimborazo, Ecuador 
Rfo Chinchao; Huanuco, Peru (0930'S, 7556'W, 
Stephens and Traylor, 1983) 
Marmosa murina, ca. 1000 m 
Marmosops noctivagus 

Micoureus regina, ca. 1000 m (Rfo Huallaga) 
Rfo Choronf; Aragua, Venezuela (Choronf = 
1029'N, 6737 7 W, Paynter, 1982) 
Chironectes minimus 
Rfo Chucunaque; Darien, Panama (0809'N, 
7744'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Rfo Cinaruco, 38 km NNW of Puerto Paez; Apu- 
re, Venezuela (0631'N, 6746'W, Handley, 
1976) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 76 m 
Rfo Coaque (see El Destino, Rfo Coaque); Man- 

abf, Ecuador 
Rfo Cobarfa (= Rfo Covarfa); Boyaca, Colombia 
(0703'N, 7204'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Chironectes minimus, 1000 ft (= 300 m) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 1000 ft (= 300 m) 
Philander opossum, 1100 ft (= 340 m) (near 
mouth, above town of Covarfa [Cobarfa]) 
Rfo Coca; Napo, Ecuador (0029'S, 7658'W, 
Paynter, 1997) 
Marmosops impavidus 
Marmosops noctivagus 
Rfo Coco (= Rfo Segovfa = Segovia River); bor- 
der between Honduras and Nicaragua (boca 
Rfo Coco = 1500'N, 8310'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis (in Zelaya, Nicaragua) 
Marmosa mexicana (in Zelaya, Nicaragua) 
Micoureus alstoni (in Hondorus) 
Philander opossum 
Rfo Colorado; Chiriquf, Panama (0849'N, 
8243'W, Geonet) 
Chironectes minimus, 4000 ft (= 1250 m) 
Rfo Colorado, near (see Curacautfn); Araucania, 

Chile 
Rfo Colorado, 30 km E of Guayacan; Santiago, 
Chile (Guayacan = 3336'S, 7022'W, Geo- 
net) 



272 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Thylamys elegans 
Rio Comberciato; Cusco, Peru (1228'S, 7307'W, 
Stephens and Traylor, 1983) 
Caluromys lanatus, 2000 ft (= 625 m) 
Rio Copataza; Pastaza, Ecuador (0207'S, 
7727'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Marmosops noctivagus 
Philander andersoni, 650 m 
Rio Covaria (see Rio Cobaria); Boyaca, Colombia 
Rio Cumboto; Aragua, Venezuela (1029'N, 
6746'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Chironectes minimus 
Rio Cunucunuma, Belen; Amazonas, Venezuela 
(0313'N, 6558'W, Paynter, 1989) 
Caluromys lanatus, 150 m 
Chironectes minimus, 150 m 
Philander andersoni, 1 50 m 
Rio Curanja; Ucayali, Peru (0958'S, 7058'W, 
Stephens and Traylor, 1985) 
Chironectes minimus (near Brazilian border) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Micoureus demerarae (near Balta) 
Rio Curaray; Pastaza, Ecuador (not precisely lo- 
cated) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Rio Curaray; Loreto, Peru (0222'S, 7405'W, Ste- 
phens and Traylor, 1983) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosa murina (Oriente, boca) 
Marmosa rubra 

Marmosops impavidus (at Rio Napo) 
Marmosops noctivagus 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Micoureus regina 
Philander andersoni 
Rio Curaray and Napo junction; Loreto, Peru 
(0222'S, 7405'W, Stephens and Traylor, 
1983) 
Glironia venusta (Anthony gives location as 
Ecuador, but it is in Peru) 
Rio Curiche; Choco, Colombia (0702'N, 
7740'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Rio Curinhuas (see Rio Kurinwas); Zelaya, Nic- 
aragua 
Rio Curua do Sul (see Foz do Curua); Para, Brazil 
Rio das Mortes; Mato Grosso, Brazil (1145'S, 
5044'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Rio das Velhas, near Lagoa Santa; Minas Gerais, 
Brazil (Lagoa Santa = 1938'S, 4353'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis albiventris, 760 m 
Gracilinanus agilis 



Rio das Velhas, tributary Rio Sao Francisco; Mi- 
nas Gerais, Brazil (1713'S, 4449'W, Paynter 
and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis aurita 
Monodelphis americana 
Rio de Janeiro; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (2254'S, 
4314'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Chironectes minimus, near sea level (near Rio 

de Janeiro) 
Didelphis aurita 

Gracilinanus microtarsus, near sea level 
Marmosops paulensis 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Monodelphis scalops 
Philander frenata 
Rio de La Plata; NE Argentina, parts of Uruguay 
and Paraguay (not precisely located) 
Chironectes minimus 
Didelphis albiventris 
Rio de Las Conchas; Salta, Argentina (2518'S, 
1601'W, Flores et al., 2000) 
Thylamys venustus 
Rio de Oro; Chaco, Argentina (2704'S, 5834'W, 
Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Philander opossum (boca) 
Rio de Oro; Manabi, Ecuador (0210'N, 7922'W, 
Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Philander opossum 
Rio de Oro, boca, 60 km WNW of Encontrados; 
Zulia, Venezuela (0906'N, 7245'W, Hersh- 
kovitz, 1997) 
Philander opossum, 73 m 
Rio do Braco, Ilheus; Bahia, Brazil (1438'S, 
3914'W, USBGN) 
Didelphis aurita 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Rio Docampado; Choco, Colombia (0445'N, 
7718'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Chironectes minimus, 350 m 
Philander opossum, 75-160 m 
Rio Doce; Espirito Santo, Brazil (1937'S, 
3949'W, Hershkovitz files) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Rio Doce State Forestry Park (see Parque Estad- 

ual do Rio Doce); Minas Gerais, Brazil 
Rio Doce State Park (see Parque Estadual do Rio 

Doce); Minas Gerais, Brazil 
Rio Don Diego, 45 km E of Santa Marta; Mag- 
dalena, Colombia (1115'N, 7342'W, Payn- 
ter, 1997) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Rio Eirii, Rio Jurua; Amazonas, Brazil (0642'S, 
6952'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Caluromys lanatus 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



273 



Rio Escondido, 50 mi above Bluefields; Zelaya, 
Nicaragua (1204'N. 8545'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Philander opossum 
Rfo Frio [Rfofrio]; Valle del Cauca, Colombia 
(0409'N, 7618'W. Paynter, 1997) 
Chironectes minimus 
Didelphis marsupialis, 960 m 
Philander opossum, 3500 ft (= 1090 m) 
Rio Gomes, 7 km E of downtown San Francisco 
del Monte del Oro; San Luis, Argentina (San 
Francisco del Monte del Oro = 3236'S, 
6608'W, Geonet) 
Thylamys pallidior, 2800 ft (= 876 m) 
Rio Grande, 5 km NE of mouth; Santa Cruz, Bo- 
livia (ca. 1551'S, 6437'W, Paynter, 1992) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Rio Guaillabamba, trib., N of Quito; Pichincha, 
Ecuador (0028'S, 7925'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Chironectes minimus, 2106 m 
Rio Guaimaral, Valledupar, 5 km E of El Orinoco; 
Cesar, Colombia (0949'N, 7337'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 140 m 
Rio Guapaya (see Parque de La Macarena); Meta, 

Colombia 
Rio Guarico, near San Juan de los Morros; Gua- 
rico, Venezuela (1000'N, 6742'W, Geonet) 
Chironectes minimus 
Rio Guayabero; Meta, Colombia (0236'N, 
7247'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 

Metachirus nudicaudatus (above mouth of Rio 
Ariari) 
Rio Hondo, Samana, Cordillera Central; Caldas, 
Colombia (0542'N, 7501'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Philander opossum 
Rio Huixtla, ca. 13 km N of Huixtla; Chiapas, 
Mexico (1501'N, 9232'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Rio Ibare, boca; Beni, Bolivia (1437'S, 6457'W, 
Paynter, 1992) 
Didelphis marsupialis 

Philander opossum (also at 1446'S, 6451'W, 
and 1448'S, 6414'W) 
Ri'o Ichilo; Cochabamba, Bolivia (1650'S, 
6445'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Philander opossum (52 km S of mouth, also at 
1628'S, 6445'W) 
Rio Ichilo, 150 km from mouth of Rio Chimore, 
ca. 9 km S of mouth Rio Chapare; Cocha- 
bamba-Santa Cruz. Bolivia (1629'S. 
6444'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 



M icon reus const an tiae 
Rio Iguazii, 60 km E of Puerto Iguazii; Misiones, 
Argentina (2536'S, 5436'W, USBGN) 
Didelphis aurita 
Rfo Imamado (see Jaque); Darien, Panama 
Ri'o Inambari; Madre de Dios, Peru (1241'S, 
6944'W. Stephens and Traylor, 1983) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Rfo Indio, near Gatiin; Colon, Panama (0916'N, 
7957'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosa robinsoni (0917'N, 7958'W) 
Rfo Inio, boca, Isla Chiloe; Los Lagos, Chile 
(4321'S, 7407'W, Geonet) 
Dromiciops gliroides 
Rhyncholestes raphanurus 
Rio Ipanema (see Ipanema); Sao Paulo, Brazil 
Rio Itapocu (= Rfo Novo do Itapocu), near; Santa 
Catarina, Brazil (2634'S, 4840'W, USBGN) 
Chironectes minimus 
Gracilinanus microtarsus 
Rfo Itata; Los Lagos, Chile (3623'S, 7252'W, 
Geonet) 
Dromiciops gliroides 
Rio Itauna (= Rio Itaunas), mouth at; Espfrito 
Santo, Brazil (1825'S, 3942'W, Paynter and 
Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis aurita 
Rio Itaunas (= Rio Itauna); Espfrito Santo, Brazil 
Rfo Itenez; Beni, Bolivia (1229'S, 6415'W, An- 
derson, 1997) 
Micoureus constantiae 
Rfo Itenez, opposite Costa Marques, Brazil; Beni, 
Bolivia (1228'S, 6416'W, Paynter, 1992) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Micoureus constantiae 
Rfo Itenez, SW Costa Margurez, Brazil; Beni, Bo- 
livia (1230'S, 6418'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Rio Ivinheima (= Ivinheima); Mato Grosso do 
Sul. Brazil (2314'S, 5342'W, Paynter and 
Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis alhiventris 
Didelphis aurita 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Rioja; San Martfn, Peru (0610'S, 7710'W, 
Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Philander opossum 
Rfo Jaque, Jaque (see Jaque); Darien, Panama 
Rio Jaru, upper; Rondonia, Brazil (1056'S, 
6304'W, de Vivo and Gomes, 1989) 
Caluromysiops irrupta 
Rfo Jau, above mouth, right bank; Amazonas, 



274 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Brazil (0157'S, 6129'W, Patton, pers. 
comm.) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Micoureus demerarae 
Philander andersoni 
Rio Jauru, upper Rio Paraguay; Mato Grosso, 
Brazil (1622'S, 5746'W, Paynter and Tray- 
lor, 1991) 
Caluromys lanatus 

Metachirus nudicaudatus (1530'S, 5833'W, 
Hershkovitz files) 
Rio Javari; Amazonas, Brazil (0421'S, 7002'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Marmosa murina 
Rio Jojui (see Rio Mojui); Para, Brazil 
Rio Jordao (= Ribeirao Jordao); Minas Gerais, 
Brazil (1826'S, 4806'W, Paynter and Tray- 
lor, 1991) 
Chironectes minimus 
Didelphis albiventris 
Micoureus constantiae 
Rio Jordao; Parana, Brazil (2546'S, 5207'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1 99 1 ) 
Micoureus demerarae 
Rio Juquia, barra (see Juquia); Sao Paulo, Brazil 
Rio Jurare (see Mato Grosso); Mato Grosso, Bra- 
zil 
Rio Jurua; Amazonas, Brazil (0237'S, 6544'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Rio Jurua, upper; Acre, Brazil (ca. 0008'S, 
7300'W, Hershkovitz files) 
Chironectes minimus 
Rio Kagka, headwaters; Amazonas, Peru (ca. 
0433'S, 7816'W, Stephens and Traylor, 
1983) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 2600 ft (= 800 m) 
Rio Kurinwas (= Rio Curinhuas = Kurinwas Riv- 
er); Zelaya, Nicaragua (1249'N, 8341'W, 
Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Philander opossum (1245'N, 8343'W) 
Rio Lagoa Juparana; Espirito Santo, Brazil (Lagoa 
Juparana = 1935'S, 4018'W, Paynter and 
Traylor, 1991) 
Micoureus demerarae 
Rio Las Canas, Horco Molle; Tucuman, Argentina 
(2645'S, 6521'W, Capllonch et al., 1997) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Rio Las Escobas, 3 mi WSW of Puerto de Santo 
Tomas; Izabal, Guatemala (Puerto de Santo 
Tomas = 1542'N, 8837'W, Geonet) 
Chironectes minimus, 340-600 ft (= 100-180 m) 



Rio La Torre, boca; Madre de Dios, Peru 
(1251'S, 6917'W, Stephens and Traylor, 
1983) 
Philander opossum, 260 m (S bank Rio Tam- 
bopata) 
Riolima, near San Antonio, W of Cali; Valle del 
Cauca, Colombia (San Antonio = 0330'N, 
7638'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1500-1850 m 
Rio Limdn; Chuquisaca, Bolivia (1933'S, 
6408'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Gracilinanus agilis 
Marmosops noctivagus 
Micoureus constantiae 
Monodelphis domestica, 1300 m 
Thylamys venustus 
Rio Lipeo; Tarija, Bolivia (2241'S, 6426'W, 
Paynter, 1992) 
Monodelphis kunsi 
Rio Lujan; Buenos Aires, Argentina (3426'S, 
5832'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Rio Machariapo; La Paz, Bolivia (1418'S, 
6835'W, USBGN) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1000 m 
Micoureus constantiae (1529'S, 6731'W) 
Glironia venusta, 1000 m (Alto Rio Madidi re- 
gion, ca. 1430'S, 6835'W) 
Rio Madeira; Amazonas, Brazil (not precisely lo- 
cated) 
Marmosa murina 
Rio Madeira, boca; Amazonas, Brazil (0322'S, 
5845' W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Philander opossum 
Rio Magdalena; Magdalena, Colombia (boca = 
1106'N, 7451'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Rio Magdalena, San Agustin (see San Agustin); 

Huila, Colombia 
Rio Mamore; Beni, Bolivia (1023'S, 6523'W, 
Paynter, 1992) 
Didelphis marsupialis (W side of Rio Mamore) 
Philander opossum (also at 1226'S, 6500'W) 
Rio Mamore, 2 km N, mouth Rio Chapare; Santa 
Cruz, Bolivia (1557'S, 6441'W, Anderson, 
1997) 
Micoureus constantiae 
Philander opossum 
Rio Mamore, 5 km NW, mouth Rio Grande; Bo- 
livia (1550'S, 64 41'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Rio Mamore; Rondonia, Brazil (not precisely lo- 
cated) 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 



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275 



Rio Manapiarc (see San Juan de Manapiare): 

Amazonas. Venezuela 
Rio Mandinga. Gamboa; Panama. Panama 
(0906'N, 7942'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis (2 mi W of Gamboa) 
Philander opossum 
Rio Manu. lower: Madre de Dios. Peru (ca. 
I206'S. 71 C ()6'W. Pacheco et al.. 1993) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Rio Man/anares: Magdalena. Colombia (1114'N. 
7413'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Rio Mapuera: Para. Brazil (0056'S. 5702'W, Da 
Silva and Langguth. 1989) 
Glironia venusta 
Rio Maraca: Amapa. Brazil (0026'S. 5126'W, 
Paynter and Tray lor. 1991) 
Philander opossum 
Rio Marajano. Meseta de Jaua: Bolivar. Venezuela 
(0445'N. 64 C 32'W. Perez-Hernandez. 1989) 
Didelphis albiventris, 1800 m 
Marmosa tyleriana. 1800 m 
Rio Maranon. upper; Amazonas. Peru (near Rios 
Chiriaco, Cenepa. Nieva and Santiago. Santa 
Maria de Nieva = 0435'S, 77'54'W. Ste- 
phens and Traylor. 1983) 
Chironectes minimus 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Rio Maruanum. 38 km NW of Macapa: Amapa. 
Brazil (001 l'N. 5116'W. Paynter and Tray- 
lor. 1991)) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosa murina 
Rio Matipo (= Rio Matipoo = Matipoo): Minas 
Gerais. Brazil (1953'S. 4233'W, Paynter 
and Traylor. 1991) 
Philander frenata 
Rio Matipoo (= Rio Matipo): Minas Gerais. Bra- 
zil 
Rio Maule. junction of Rio Claro: Los Lagos. 
Chile (3519'S. 72 = 25'W. Geonet) 
Thxlamys elegans. ca. 1000 m 
Rio Mawarinuma (see Cerro de La Neblina): 

Amazonas. Venezuela 
Rio Mazan (= Lago Miranes). boca: Loreto. Peru 
(0328'S. 73 = 02'W. Hershkovitz. 1997) 
Philander andersoni 
Rio Mecaya. right bank Rio Caqueta: Putumavo. 
Colombia (0028'N. 7520'W. Paynter. 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 185 m (00 C 29'N. 
75 C 11'W) 
Rio Memo, near Altagracia: Guarico. Venezuela 
(0955'N. 6625'W, Perez-Hernandez. 1989) 
Marmosa robinsoni 



Rio Metlac. i km W of Fortin: Veracruz-Llave. 
Mexico (Fortin = 18 = 54'N. 97 C 00'W. Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Rio Mice, south side El Recreo: Zelaya. Nicara- 
gua ( 121 IN. 84 C 16'W. Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Rio Mindo: Pichincha. Ecuador (0003'N, 
7909'W, Paynter. 1993) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Rio Mojinga (see Mohinga Valley): Colon. Pan- 
ama 
Rio Mojotoro. bridge of Ferrocarril Belgrano: Sal- 
ta. Argentina (24 C 40'S. 65 C 03'W. Flores et al., 
2000 ) 
Thxlamys venustus 
Rio Mojui (= Moju = Mojui dos Campos = Rio 
Jojui): Para. Brazil (01 C 40'S. 4825'W, Payn- 
ter and Traylor. 1991) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Rio Monduapo (see Rio Munduapo): Amazonas. 

Venezuela 
Rio Motatan: Trujillo. Venezuela (0924'N. 
70 C 36'W. Paynter. 1982) 
Philander opossum. 290 m 
Rib Mucujun: Merida. Venezuela (0836'N, 
71 C 09'W. Paynter. 1982) 
Didelphis albiventris, 9000 ft ( = 2800 m) 
Rio Mucuri: Espirito Santo-Bahia-Minas Gerais. 
Brazil (18 C 05'S. 3934'W, Paynter and Tray- 
lor. 1991) 
Marmosa murina 

Micoureus demerarae (northern boundary of 
Espirito Santo, near Morro de Arara. Bahia) 
Rio Munduapo ( = Rio Monduapo). near San Fer- 
nando de Atabapo: Amazonas. Venezuela 
(San Fernanado de Atabapo = 0403'N, 
67 C 28'\V. Paynter. 1982) 
Marmosa murina 
Rio Nam; Cordoba. Colombia (07 C 54'N. 7618'W. 
Paynter. 1997) 
Caluromys derbianus 

Chironectes minimus, 100 m (upper Rio Sinii) 
Rio Napo: Loreto. Peru (0751'S, 7617'W, 
Hershkovitz. 1977) 
Marmosa murina 
Rio Napo. lower: Loreto. Peru (0320'S. 72 C 40'W. 
Stephens and Traylor. 1983) 
Didelphis marsupialis (north side) 
Rib Napo. near (see Puerto Napo): Napo. Ecuador 
Rio Nareuda: Pando. Bolivia (1118'S. 68 C 46'W. 
USBGN) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Philander opossum 



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FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



"Rio Negro"; Amazonas, Brazil (not precisely lo- 
cated) 
Philander opossum 
Rio Negro, 12.4 km WNW; Los Lagos, Chile 
(4158'S, 7229'W, Geonet) 
Dromiciops gliroides, 150 m 
Rhyncholestes raphanurus, 150 m, 200 m 
(4158'S, 7233'W) 
Rio Negro, Carlo Ardabo; Amazonas, Venezuela 
(0151'N, 6703'W, Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Rio Negro; Presidente Hayes, Paraguay (2504'S, 
5755'W, Paynter, 1989) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Rio Negro; Rio Negro, Uruguay (3324'S, 
5822'W, Paynter, 1994) 
Didelphis albiventris (left bank) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Rio Negro, 10 km above Barra del Rio Tacuarem- 
bo; Tacuarembo, Uruguay (Rio Tacuarembo 
= ca. 3225'S, 5529'W, Paynter, 1994) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Rio Novo do Itapocii (see Rio Itapocii); Santa Ca- 

tarina, Brazil 
Rfo Ocamo (= Rio Ocorno); Amazonas, Vene- 
zuela (0248'N, 6514'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Didelphis marsupialis (boca Rio Orinoco) 
Marmosa murina (upper Rio Orinoco) 
Micoureus demerarae 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Rio Ocoa (= Ocoa River), Villavicencio- Acacias 
Road; Meta, Colombia (0408'N, 7315'W, 
Paynter, 1997) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Chironectes minimus 
Rio Ocobamba (= Occobamba Valley = Ocobam- 
ba Valley); Cusco, Peru (1226'S, 7223'W, 
Stephens and Traylor, 1983) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Lestoros inca, 9100 ft (= 2840 m) (1253'S, 

7221'W) 
Monodelphis adusta (ca. 1250'S, 7226'W) 
Rio Ocorno (see Rio Ocamo); Amazonas, Vene- 
zuela 
Rfo Ocumare; Aragua, Venezuela (1029'N, 
6745'W, Geonet) 
Chironectes minimus 
Rfo Orinoco, upper; Amazonas, Venezuela (not 
precisely located) 
Micoureus demerarae 
Rfo Oritupano; Anzoategui, Venezuela (0913'N, 
6350'W, Lopez-Fuster et al., 2000) 
Marmosa robinsoni 



Rfo Oscuro, near Cali; Valle del Cauca, Colombia 
(Cali = 0327'N, 7631'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Caluromys derbianus, 1000 m 
Rio Otlati; Puebla, Mexico (1922'N, 9831'W, 
Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 8700 ft (= 2700 m) 
Rfo Ovejera, San Agustin; Huila, Colombia 
(0157'N, 7629'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus, 2350 m 
Didelphis albiventris, 2350 m (0155'N, 
7630'W) 
Rfo Pachitea, tributary of Rfo Huanuco; Huanuco, 
Peru (0846'S, 7432'W, Stephens and Tray- 
lor, 1983) 
Chironectes minimus 
Rfo Pacuare; Limdn, Costa Rica (1014'N, 
8317'W, Geonet) 
Marmosa mexicana 
Rfo Palometillas; Santa Cruz, Bolivia (1736'S, 
6337'W, Hershkovitz, 1992) 
Gracilinanus agilis 
Rio Papagaio (= Rio Saueruina), right bank Rio 
Juruena; Mato Grosso, Brazil (1200'S, 
5843'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Caluromys philander 
Rio Paracaf; Parana, Brazil (2341'S, 5357'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Philander frenata 
Rfo Parana; Alto Parana, Paraguay (not precisely 
located) 
Thylamys pusilla 
Rfo Parana-Guazu, 1 5 km from banks of Rfo Pa- 
rana; Misiones, Argentina (2641'S, 5448'W, 
Paynter, 1985) 
Chironectes minimus 
Rfo Paranapura; Loreto, Peru (0554'S, 7506'W, 
Stephens and Traylor, 1983) 
Philander andersoni 
Rio Pardo, left side upper Rio Parana; Mato Gros- 
so do Sul, Brazil (2146'S, 5209'W, Paynter 
and Traylor, 1991) 
Chironectes minimus (left side upper Rio Pan- 
rana) 
Rio Parnahyba, lower; Piauf, Brazil (not precisely 
located) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Rfo Pasaje Talavera; Buenos Aires, Argentina 
(3353'S, 5855'W, USBGN) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Rfo Perene; Junfn, Peru (1109'S, 7418'W, 
USBGN) 
Micoureus regina 
Rfo Periquito; Aragua, Venezuela (ca. 1022'N, 
6742'W, Geonet) 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



277 



Chironectes minimus 
Rfo Pescado: Manabf, Ecuador (0125'S, 
8015'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 16(H) ft (= 500 m) 
Philander opossum, 500 m 
Rio Pilcomayo. boca; Central, Paraguay (2521'S. 
5742'W, Paynter, 1989) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Rio Pindo; El Oro. Ecuador (0350'S, 7945'W, 
Pay men 1993) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Rfo Pindo Yacu; Pastaza, Ecuador (0208'S. 
7603'W. Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 250 m 
Philander andersoni, 250 m 
Rfo Piratucu, boca. 80 km N of Manaus; Ama- 
zonas, Brazil (Manaus = 0308'S, 60 o 01'W) 
Ma rmosops pa n idens 
Rfo Pirn's (see San Geronimo); Puntarenas, Costa 

Rica 
Rfo Pirrita (see San Geronimo): Puntarenas. Costa 

Rica 
Rfo Pita: Pichincha. Ecuador (0018'S. 7828'W. 
Paynter. 1993) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus 
Rfo Pita, upper; Pichincha. Ecuador (0020'S. 
7825'W. Bublitz. 1963) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus 
Rfo Pitisama [Rfo Pitasama] (also see Cerro Am- 
boro), Parque Nacional de Amboro: Santa 
Cruz. Bolivia (1742'S. 6337'W, Anderson 
et al., 1997) 
Chironectes minimus, 500 m 
Rfo Pito: San Bias. Panama (0842'N. 7732'W. 
Geonet) 
Chironectes minimus 
Rfo Platano Biosphere Reserve: Gracias a Dios. 
Honduras (1553'N, 8641'W. Geonet) 
Philander opossum 
Rfo Pucro, head, Cerro Mali: Darien. Panama 
(0759'N, 7733'W, Wenzel and Tipton. 
1966) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Rfo Puyacatengo, 15 km E of Teapa; Tabasco. 
Mexico (1744'N. 9255'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Rfo Quininde (see Rosa Zarate); Esmeraldas, Ec- 
uador 
Rfo Quiser (see Rfo Quizar); Santa Cruz. Bolivia 
Rfo Quizar (= Rfo Quiser), Nuflo de Chavez; 
Santa Cruz. Bolivia (1637'S. 6246'W. Payn- 
ter, 1992) 
Monodelph is domestica 



Rfo Ramos. 20 km N of Montemorelos; Nuevo 
Leon. Mexico (2531'N, 9952'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1000 ft (= 300 m) 
Rfo Ranquil; Araucania, Chile (3816'S, 7118'W, 
Geonet) 
Dromiciops gliroides, 1370 m 
Rfo Raposo: Valle del Cauca, Colombia (0343'N, 
7708'W. Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis 

Philander opossum, near sea level (Pacific Vi- 
rology Field Camp) 
Rfo Reventazon, 5 km SE of Turrialba; Cartago, 
Costa Rica (Turrialba = 0954'N, 8341'W, 
Geonet) 
Chironectes minimus, 1800 ft (= 560 m) 
Rio Rodeio, near Rio de Janeiro, Serra do Mar; 
Rio de Janeiro. Brazil (Rodeio = 2233'S, 
4341'W. Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Didelphis aurita 
Rfo Sabinas. 10 km N of El Encino (see El En- 

cino); Tamaulipas, Mexico 
Rfo Saija, boca (= La Boca Rfo Saija); Cauca, 
Colombia (0252'N, 7741'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Chironectes minimus (0252'N, 7743'W) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Philander opossum, near sea level 
Rio Saloya; Pichincha, Ecuador (0001'N, 
7857'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Caenolestes convelatus 
Rfo Samiria (= Samiria) (also see Yanayaquillo); 
Loreto. Peru (0442'S, 7413'W, Stephens 
and Traylor. 1983) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Didelphis albiventris 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Rfo Sandd. Rio Baudd; Chocd, Colombia 
(0503'N. 7657'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 160 m 
Philander opossum, 1 60 m 
Rfo San Francisco. Altura de Yuto; Jujuy, Argen- 
tina (2339'S. 6427'W, Flores et al., 2000) 
Micoureus constantiae, 500 m 
Rfo San Miguel; San Miguel, El Salvador 
(1314'N, 88 C 22'W, Geonet) 
Philander opossum, 225 ft (= 70 m) 
Rfo San Rafael, near Santa Rosa; Pichincha, Ec- 
uador (0020'S, 7827'W. Bublitz, 1987) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus, 9000 ft (= 2800 m) 
Rfo Santa Marfa; Salta, Argentina (2317'S, 
6414'W. Paynter. 1985) 
Thyalmys venustus 
Rio Sao Domingos; Goias, Brazil (1324'S, 
4712'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Monodelphis domestica 



278 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Rio Sao Jose; Espfrito Santo, Brazil (2000'S, 
4040'W, Mustrangi and Patton, 1997) 
Marmosops incanus 
Rib Sara, near Buena Vista; Santa Cruz, Bolivia 
(Buena Vista = 1727'S, 6340'W, Paynter, 
1996) 
Micoureus constantiae 
Rio Saueruina (see Rio Papagaio); Mato Grosso, 

Brazil 
Rios Chimbo-Coco; Guayas, Ecuador (0210'S, 
7950'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Philander opossum, 2400 ft (= 750 m) 
Rio Seco, near Cordoba; Veracruz-Llave, Mexico 
(Cordoba = 1853'N, 9656'W, Geonet) 
Philander opossum 
Rio Segovia (see Rio Coco); border between Nic- 
aragua and Honduras 
Riosinho, left bank Rio Fresco; Para, Brazil (ca. 
0707'S, 5139'W, Geonet and Wenzel and 
Tipton, 1966) 
Monodelphis emiliae 
Rio Siquia; Zelaya, Nicaragua (1245'N, 8501 "W, 
Geonet) 
Philander opossum 
Rio Socopito (= Rio Socopo); Falcon, Venezuela 
(1030'N, 7044'W, Handley, 1976) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 480 m 
Marmosa robinsoni, 470 m 
Rio Socopo (see Rio Socopito); Falcon, Venezuela 
Rio Solimoes, lower; Amazonas, Brazil (not pre- 
cisely located) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Rib Solocame; La Paz, Bolivia (1616'S, 
6724'W, Paynter, 1992) 
Marmosops dorothea 
Rio Suapure (Caura Valley); Bolivar, Venezuela 
(0648'N, 6701'W, Paynter, 1992) 
Marmosa murina 
Rio Suno, Rio Napo; Napo, Ecuador (0042'S, 
7708'W, USBGN) 
Micoureus regina 
Rio Supamo; Bolivar, Venezuela (0648'N, 
6150'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 150 m 
Marmosa murina, 350 m 
Monodelphis brevicaudata, 150 m 
Rib Surutu; Santa Cruz, Bolivia (1724'S, 
6351'W, Paynter, 1992) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 

Micoureus constantiae (W tributary and 25 km 
E of Buenavista) 
Rio Taquari, valley of (see Taquari River Valley); 

Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil 
Rio Tarra, tributary of Rib Catatumbo; Norte de 



Santander, Colombia (0839'N, 7301'W, 
Paynter, 1992) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 200 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 200 m (Rio Catatum- 
bo) 
Rio Tavara, Rib Inambari; Puno, Peru (ca. 
1322'S, 6936'W, Stephens and Traylor, 
1983) 
Micoureus regina 
Rio Teapa; Tabasco, Mexico (1758'N, 9254'W, 
Geonet) 
Chironectes minimus 
Rfo Termales, Manizales; Caldas, Colombia 
(0458'N, 7523'W, Bublitz, 1987) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus, 2600-3300 m 
Rio Tesorero; Jujuy, Argentina (2359'S, 6518'W, 
Flores et al., 2000) 
Thylamys venustus 
Rio Tijamuchi, 5 km from mouth; Beni, Bolivia 
(1410'S, 6458'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Philander opossum (1456'S, 6509'W) 
Rio Tiraxi; Jujuy, Argentina (2359'S, 6519'W, 
Flores et al., 2000) 
Thylamys venustus 
Rio Tocantins, lower; Para, Brazil (not precisely 
located) 
Caluromys philander 
Rio Tocuyo; Lara, Venezuela (head of Rio = 
1103'N, 6820'W, El Tocuyo at head of Rio 
Tocuyo = 0947'N, 6820'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Rio Tuma, E of Matagalpa; Zelaya, Nicaragua 
(1303'N, 8444'W, Geonet) 
Marmosa mexicana, below 1000 ft (= 300 m) 
Rio Tuy, 10 km N of El Consejo; Aragua, Vene- 
zuela (El Consejo = 1014'N, 6716'W, 
Paynter, 1982) 
Chironectes minimus 
Rfo Umulla; Honduras (not located) 

Marmosa mexicana 
Rio Urubamba, boca; Ucayali, Peru (1042'S, 
7342'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 250 m 
Philander opossum 
Rio Urucu (see Alto Rio Urucu); Amazonas, Bra- 
zil 
Rfo Urugua-I, 30 km of Puerto Bemberg, tributary 
of Rfo Parana; Misiones, Argentina (2554'S, 
5436'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Chironectes minimus 
Didelphis albiventris 
Didelphis aurita 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



279 



Gracilinanus agilis 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 

Philander opossum 
Rio Utcubamba, 15 mi above Chachapoyas; Ama- 
zonas, Peru (0530'S, 7832'W, Stephens and 
Tray lor, 1983) 
Didelphis albiventris, 2290 m 
Rio Verde; Esmeraldas, Ecuador (0104'N, 
7925'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Didelphis marsupialis, sea level-300 m 
Rio Victoria; Misiones, Argentina (not located) 

Monodelphis iheringi 
Rio Viejo (see Cornes); Veraguas, Panama 
Rio Vilcanota; Cusco, Peru (1319'S, 7159'W, 
Geonet) 
Micoureus regina 
Rio Xingu, E bank, 52 km SSW of Alatamira; 
Para, Brazil (0339'S, 5222'W, Patton and 
Da Silva, 1997) 
Philander opossum 
Rio Xiriviny; Amazonas, Peru (0059'S, 6153'W, 
Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Philander opossum, 260 ft (= 80 m) 
Rfo Yana Rumi; Pastaza, Ecuador (0138'S, 
7659'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Philander andersoni 
Rio Yapacani; Santa Cruz, Bolivia (1724'S, 
6346'W, Anderson et al., 1993) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Rio Yarapa; Loreto, Peru (0430'S, 7325'W, 
Fleck and Harder, 1995) 
Philander mcilhennyi 
Rio Yavari; Loreto, Peru (0421'S, 7002'W, Ste- 
phens and Traylor, 1983) 
Marmosa murina 
Rio Ypanema (see Ipanema); Sao Paulo, Brazil 
Rfo Yuruan; Bolivar, Venezuela (0648'N, 
6150'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Philander opossum 
Rib Zulia; Norte de Santander, Colombia 
(0904'N, 7218'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Risa de Oro, 3 km E (= El Risa de Oro); Chiapas, 
Mexico (1620'N, 9403'W, Gardner, 1973) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Rivadavia; Mendoza, Argentina (3313'S, 
6821'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Didelphis albiventris, sea level 
Rivadavia (see El Breal); Salta, Argentina 
Rivas (also see Lago Nicaragua); Rivas, Nicara- 
gua (1 126'N, 8550'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derhianus 



Rive (see Engenheiro Reeve); Espirito Santo, Bra- 
zil 
Riviere Arataye (see Arataye Crique); Inini, 

French Guiana 
Roatan (= Ruatan) Island, one of islands of the 
Islas de la Bahi'a; Honduras (1618'N, 
8633'W, Geonet) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Robles; Santiago del Estero, Argentina (2755'S, 
6408'W. Flores et al., 2000) 
Thylamys pusilla 
Roca Nova, Serra do Mar; Parana, Brazil 
(2530'S, 4850'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Didelphis aurita, 1000 m 
Marmosops paulensis, 1000 m 
Philander frenata, 930-1150 m 
Rocas Novas (see Caete); Minas Gerais, Brazil 
Rocha, ca. 40 km NNW of Juquia; Sao Paulo, 
Brazil (2453'S, 4705'W, Hershkovitz files) 
Chironectes minimus, ca. 50 m 
Didelphis aurita 

Metachirus nudicaudatus (also possibly at La- 
goa do Rocha = 2153'S, 4705'W) 
Rodeio, Serra do Mar; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 
(2233'S, 4341'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Philander frenata, 1400 ft (= 430 m) 
Rodeo, 7.5 km SE; Cochabamba, Bolivia 
(1741'S, 6536'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Thylamys pallidior 

Thylamys venustus, 3800 m (1740'S, 6535'W) 
Rodman Naval Ammnition Depot; Panama, Pan- 
ama (0857'N, 7935'W, Geonet) 
Marmosa robinsoni 

Metachirus nudicaudatus (0857'N, 7937'W) 
Philander opossum 
Rosarinho (= Rozarinho); Amazonas, Brazil 
(0342'S, 5908'W, Paynter and Traylor, 
1991) 
Didelphis marsupialis 

Marmosa murina (Lago Miguel, Rio Madeira) 
Marmosops noctivagus (Lago Miguel, W bank 

Rio Madiera) 
Philander opossum 
Rosario; Sinaloa, Mexico (2300'N, 10552'W, 
Geonet) 
Marmosa canescens 
Rosario de Lerma; Salta, Argentina (2459'S, 
6535'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Didelphis albiventris, ca. 1000 m 
Rosa Zarate (= Quininde = Rfo Quininde); Es- 
meraldas, Ecuador (0020'N, 7928'W, Payn- 
ter, 1993) 
Chironectes minimus 



280 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Didelphis marsupialis, ca. 100 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Philander opossum 
Rozarinho (see Rosarinho); Amazonas, Brazil 
Ruatan (see Roatan Island); Honduras 
Runcaraccay Ruins, Machu Pichu (see Machu Pi- 
chu, Urubamba, Runcaraccay Ruins); Cusco, 
Peru 
Rupununi River; Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo, 
Guyana (0403'N, 5835'W, Geonet) 
Philander opossum, 200 ft (= 60 m) 
Rurrenabaque; Beni, Bolivia (1428'S, 6734'W, 
Anderson, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Philander opossum 
Ruta 188, Curva de Pena (see Pergamino); Bue- 
nos Aires, Argentina 



Sabana Grande; Managua, Nicaragua (1207'N, 
8610'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Philander opossum, 40-50 m 
Sabana Grande, Cerro Duida; Amazonas, Vene- 
zuela (ca. 0325'N, 6540'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 100 m 
Sabanas de Vichada y Meta; Meta, Colombia (not 
located) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Sabaneta; Distrito Federal, Venezuela (1028'N, 
6705'W, Perez-Hernandez, 1989:381) 
Gracilinanus marica 
Marmosops fuscatus 
Sabanetas; Cauca, Colombia (0232'N, 7653'W, 
Paynter, 1997) 
Chironectes minimus, 2000 m 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1800 m, 1900 m, 2000 m 
Sabanilla, Rio Zamora, near mouth Rio Sabanilla; 
Zamora-Chinchipe, Ecuador (0402'S, 
7901'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis albiventris, 5700 ft (= 1780 m) 
Sahara; Minas Gerais, Brazil (1954'S, 4351'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis albiventris, 705 m 
Sabinopolis; Minas Gerais, Brazil (1840'S, 
4306'W, USBGN) 
Didelphis aurita 
Saboga Island (see Isla Saboga); Panama, Panama 
Sacado, right bank Rio Jurua; Amazonas, Brazil 
(0645'N, 7051'W, Patton et al., 2000) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Micoureus regina 
Philander opossum 



Saimiria (see Rio Samiria); Loreto, Peru 
Saint Georges; French Guiana (0345'N, 5205'W, 
Stephens and Traylor, 1985) 
Caluromys philander 
Saint-Ignace-Gouazou (see San Ignacio); Mi- 

siones, Paraguay 
Sajama, 9 km N, 4 km E; Oruro, Bolivia (1803'S, 
6856'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Sajama Nevado (= Cerro Sajama = Mount Sa- 
jama); Oruro, Bolivia (1807'S, 6900'W, 
Paynter, 1992) 
Gracilinanus agilis, 4350 m 
Salache, ca. 6 mi S of Cipres; Suchetepequez, 
Guatemala (Cipres = 1433'N, 9028'W, 
Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Salar Cuchari, on road 70; Jujuy, Argentina 
(2350'S, 6647'W, Flores et al., 2000) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Salento; Quindio, Colombia (0438'N, 7534'W, 
Paynter, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1895 m 
Marmosops impavidus (near Quindio) 
Salesopolis; Sao Paulo, Brazil (2332'S, 4551'W, 
Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Philander frenata 
Salinas; El Oro, Ecuador (0323'S, 8019'W, Geo- 
net) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Salinas; Minas Gerais, Brazil (1612'S, 4215'W, 
Varejao and Valle, 1982) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Salinas Diamante R R Station (see Salinas del Di- 
amante); Mendoza, Argentina 
Salinas del Diamante; Mendoza, Argentina 
(3456'S, 6852'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Salinas del Bebedero; San Luis, Argentina 
(3332'S, 6639'W, Geonet) 
Thylamys pallidior, 1000 ft (= 300 m), 1350 ft 
(= 420 m) 
Salobra; Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil (2114'S, 
5708'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Philander frenata (gallery forest) 
Saloya Occidente (see Galaya); Pichincha, Ecua- 
dor 
Salta, 12 km NW; Salta, Argentina (2447'S, 
6525'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Thylamys venustus 
Salt Creek, Isla Bastimentos; Bocas del Toro, Pan- 
ama (Isla Bastimentos = 0918'N, 8208'W, 
Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



281 



Salto da Felicidade, Rio Sepotuba; Mato Grosso. 
Brazil (1441'S, 574.VW, USBGN) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Salto de Pirareta, 10 km S of Piribebuy; La Cor- 
dillera, Paraguay (Piribebuy = 2529'S, 
5703'W. Paynter, 1989) 
Chironectes minimus 
Salto do Sepotuba, Rio Sepotuba; Mato Grosso. 
Brazil (1555'S. 5737'W, Hershkovitz, 1992) 
Gracilinanus agilis 
Salto Ichum, Rio Paragua; Bolivar, Venezuela 
(0450'N, 6320'W, Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Saltos de Pirareta; Paraguari, Paraguay (not lo- 
cated) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Salto Utiarity; Mato Grosso, Brazil (1302'S, 
5817'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Caluromys philander 
Salud; Colon, Panama (0912'N. 8008'W. Geo- 
net) 
Philander opossum 
Salvador (see Bahia); Bahia, Brazil 
Salvias; El Oro, Ecuador (0347'S, 7921'W, 
Paynter, 1993) 
Marmosops impavidus, 1050 m 
Philander opossum, 3500 ft (= 1090 m) 
Samana; Caldas, Colombia (ca. 0515'N, 
7515'W, Paynter, 1987) 
Marmosops parvidens, 1 200 m 
Samiria (see Rio Samiria); Loreto, Peru 
San Adolfo; Huila, Colombia (0137'N, 7559'W. 
Paynter, 1987) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1400 m 
San Agustfn; Monagas, Venezuela (1012'N, 
6332'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys philander, 1 170-1 180 m 
Chironectes minimus, 1 150 m, 1 160-1335 m 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1160-1335 m 
Marmosa murina, 1260-1365 m 
Marmosa robinsoni, 854-1690 m 
Marmosops fuscatus, 1 1 50- 1339 m 
San Agustfn, Aldea Puerto Golpe; El Progresso, 
Guatemala (1457'N, 8958'W, Geonet) 
Philander opossum 
San Agustfn. Rfo Magdalena; Huila, Colombia 
(0153'N, 7616'W. Paynter. 1997) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus, 2300 m 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1 690 m 
San Alouatta [sic]; Suriname (not located) 

Marmosa lepida 
San Andres; Miranda. Venezuela (1022'N, 
6650'W, Handley, 1976) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1 140-1 144 m 



Marmosa robinsoni, 950-1144 m 
San Andres Tuxtla; Veracruz-Llave, Mexico 
(1827'N, 9513'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1000 ft (= 300 m) 
Marmosa mexicana 

Philander opossum, 1000 ft (= 300 m) 
San Antonio; Chimborazo, Ecuador (0217'S, 
7859'W, Gardner. 1993) 
Didelphis albiventris 
San Antonio; Chinandega, Nicaragua (1232'N, 
8703'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 35 m 
San Antonio; Misiones, Argentina-Parana, Brazil 
(2607'S, 5345'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Didelphis albiventris 
San Antonio; Nueva Esparta. Venezuela (1057'N, 
6355'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Marmosa robinsoni, ca. 50 m 
San Antonio; Pichincha, Ecuador (0001'N, 
7827'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Caenolestes caniventer 
San Antonio; San Martin, Peru (0715'S, 
7644'W, Stephens and Traylor, 1983) 
Micoureus regina (SE of Moyobamba) 
San Antonio; Santiago del Estero, Argentina 
(2646'S, 6437'W, Flores et al., 2000) 
Thylamys pusilla 
San Antonio; Tungurahua, Ecuador (0109'S, 
7828'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Caenolestes caniventer 
San Antonio; Valle del Cauca, Colombia 
(0330'N, 7638'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Didelphis albiventris, 6500 ft (= 2030 m) 
Mannosops impavidus, 7000 ft (= 2180 m) 
San Antonio, 1 hr N of Tambo; Canar, Ecuador 
(0229'S, 7857'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis albiventris, ca. 1225 m, 11000 ft ( = 
3400 m) 
San Antonio, Rfo Ulva [Ulba]; Napo, Ecuador 
(Hacienda at San Antonio = OTIO'S, 
7828'W, Hershkovitz files) 
Marmosops impavidus 
San Antonio, San Agustfn; Huila, Colombia 
(0157'N, 7629'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus, 2200-2300 m 
Didelphis albiventris, 2200 m, 2350 m 
San Antonio. 10 km E, near Camiaco-Limoqueje; 
Beni, Bolivia (1507'S, 6450'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
San Antonio de Maturfn; Monagas, Venezuela 
(1007'N. 6343'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Marmosa robinsoni, ca. 500 m 



282 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



San Bartolo; Loja, Ecuador (ca. 0402'S, 7955'W, 
Paynter, 1993) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 2300 m 
San Bias, 3.5 mi E; Sinoloa, Mexico (2605'N, 
10846'W, Geonet) 
Marmosa canescens 
San Calixto, Rio Tarra; Norte de Santander, Co- 
lombia (0824'N, 7512'W, Geonet) 
Chironectes minimus 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
San Calixto, Valle de Suaza; Huila, Colombia 
(Rio Suaza = 0210'N, 7512'W, Geonet) 
Chironectes minimus 
Didelphis marsupialis 
San Carlos; Alajuela, Costa Rica (1037'N, 
8410'W, Geonet) 
Chironectes minimus 
Philander opossum (1035'N, 8410'W) 
San Carlos; Mendoza, Argentina (3346'S, 
6902'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Didelphis albiventris, 943 m 
San Carlos de Rio Negro; Amazonas, Venezuela 
(0155'N, 6704'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Caluromys lanatus, 120 m 
Monodelphis brevicaudata, 120 m 
San Cristobal (suburb of Bogota); Cundinamarca, 
Colombia (0434'N, 7405'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus, 2800-2900 m 
Didelphis albiventris, 2600 m (0436'N, 
7405'W) 
San Cristobal, Verapaz; Alto Verapaz, Guatemala 
(1523'N, 9024'W, Geonet) 
Marmosa mexicana 
San Cristobal, 41 km SW, near Paramo de Tama; 
Tachira, Venezuela (0746'N, 7214'W, Payn- 
ter, 1982) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus 
Sanderije (see Zanderij); Para, Suriname 
San Emilio, Lago Nicaragua; Rivas, Nicaragua 
(Lago Nicaragua = 1 131'N, 8552'W, Geo- 
net) 
Marmosa mexicana 
San Esteban; Carabobo, Venezuela (1026'N, 
6801'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Marmosa robinsoni, ca. 200 m 
Micoureus demerarae, ca. 200 m 
Micoureus regina, ca. 200 m 
Monodelphis palliolata, ca. 200 m 
San Eusebio, Carbonera; Merida, Venezuela 
(0839'N, 7123'W, Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Marmosops fuscatus, 2200 m 
San Felipe; Yaracuy, Venezuela (1020'N, 
6844'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Marmosa robinsoni 



San Felipe ( = Raudalito), Rio Sipapo; Amazonas, 
Venezuela (not precisely located; Rio Sipapu 
= 0503'N, 6748'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
San Felipe Orizatlan, 4 km E; Hidalgo, Mexico 
(2111'N, 9837'W, Gardner, 1973) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
San Felix (see Ciudad Guayana); Bolivar, Vene- 
zuela 
San Fernando, left bank Rio Yavari; Loreto, Peru 
(0412'S, 7014'W, Stephens and Traylor, 
1983) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 100 m 
San Fernando; Tucuman, Argentina (2622'S, 
6527'W, Mares et al., 1966) 
Didelphis albiventris 
San Francisco de C; Minas Gerais, Brazil (not lo- 
cated) 
Philander opossum 
San Francisco del Monte de Oro; San Luis, Ar- 
gentina (3236'S, 6608'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Didelphis albiventris, 1480 ft (= 460 m) 
Thylamys pallidior, 2800 ft ( 875 m) (Que- 
brada de Lopez) 
San Francisco; Tungurahua, Ecuador (0118'S, 
7830'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Caenolestes caniventer 
San Geronimo, Cerro San Miguel; Amazonas, Ve- 
nezuela (not located) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 960 m 
San Geronimo (= San Jeronimo), Pirns (= Rio 
Pirris = Rio Parrita = Parrita); Puntarenas, 
Costa Rica (1002'N, 8438'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
San Gil; Santander, Colombia (0633'N, 7308'W, 
Paynter, 1997) 
Caluromys lanatus, 1150 m 
San Gregorio; Artigas, Uruguay (3033'S, 
5752'W, Paynter, 1994) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata, ca. 100 m 
Sangre Grande, St. Andrew, Rio Grande Forest; 
St. Andrew, Trinidad and Tobago (1035'N, 
6107'W, Geonet) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Marmosops fuscatus 
Sangre Grande River; St. Andrew, Trinidad and 
Tobago (1035'N, 6105'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
San Ignacio; San Jose, Costa Rica (0948'N, 
8410'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Philander opossum 
San Ignacio (see San Ignacio de Velasco); Santa 
Cruz, Bolivia 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



283 



San Ignacio, Cerro [Mt.j Pichincha: Pichincha. 
Ecuador (0012'S, 7833'W, Geonet) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus. 1 1 150 ft (= 3500 m) 
San Ignacio, 20 km W (= Saint-Ignace-Gouazou); 
Misiones, Paraguay (2652'S, 5703'W, Payn- 
ter, 1989) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Thylamys pusilla 
San Ignacio de Moxos; Beni, Bolivia (1453'S. 
6536'W, Paynter. 1992) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Philander opossum 
San Ignacio de Velasco (= San Ignacio); Santa 
Cruz, Bolivia (1622'S, 6057'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis albiventris, ca. 300 m (also 1737'S. 

6053'W, Paynter, 1992) 
Monodelphis domestica 
San Ignacio de Yuran (= San Ignacio de Yuruani). 
Rio Yuruan; Bolivar, Venezuela (Rio Yuruan 
= 0648'N, 6150'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Lutreolina crassicaudata, 900-940 m 
San Ignacio de Yuruani (see San Ignacio de Yu- 
ran); Bolivar, Venezuela 
San Isidro, Valle de Suaza; Huila. Colombia 
(0310'N, 7455'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Didelphis marsupialis 
San Isidro del General (= Urena); San Jose. Costa 
Rica (0923'N, 8342'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
San Jacinto, Rio Tigre; Loreto. Peru (0218'S, 
7551'W, Patton and da Silva, 1997) 
Philander andersoni 
San Jacinto, Rib Pastaza; Loreto, Peru (ca. 
0300'S, 7600'W, Patton et al.. 2000) 
Philander andersoni 
San Jacinto; Merida, Venezuela (ca. 0836'N. 
7105'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1450 m 
San Javier, 23 km W; Beni. Bolivia (1434'S. 
6455'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
San Javier; Esmeraldas. Ecuador (0104'N. 
7847'W, Paynter. 1993) 
Caluromys derbianus (Rio Cachabi [Cachavf]) 
Didelphis marsupialis, ca. 100 m (Rio Cachabi 

[Cachavf]) 
Marmosa robinsoni, 100 m (Rio Cachabi [Ca- 
chavf)) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 60 ft (= 18 m) (Rio 

Cachabi [Cachavf]) 
Philander opossum, 20 m 
San Javier to El Puente. 6 mi E on road; Santa 



Cruz. Bolivia (1620'S, 6242'W, Tarifa and 
Anderson. 1997) 
Glironia vemista, 300 m 
San Javier. 12 km S; Santa Cruz. Bolivia 
(1627'S, 6239'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Glironia venusta 
San Javier: Tucuman, Argentina (2647'S, 
6523'W. Paynter. 1985) 
Thylamys venustus, 1000 m 
San Javier, right bank Rio Paraguay; Misiones, 
Argentina (2753'S, 5508'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Chironectes minimus, ca. 50 m 
San Jeronimo; Baja Verapaz. Guatemala 
(1503'N. 9212'W, Geonet) 
Marmosa mexicana, 2950 ft (= 920 m) 
San Jeronimo; Cusco. Peru (1334'S. 7145'W, 
Stephens and Traylor, 1983) 
Philander opossum, 500 ft (= 150 m) 
San Jeronimo (see San Geronimo); Puntarenas. 

Costa Rica 
San Jeronimo. Rfo Ucayali; Loreto, Peru 
(0750'S, 7445'W, Geonet) 
Marmosops impavidus, 300 m 
Micoureus regina, 1000 ft (= 300 m) 
Philander andersoni, 300 m 
Philander opossum, 500 ft (= 150 m) 
San Joaquin (= Camino Vilches = Estancia Bar- 
ranquita); Beni. Bolivia (1304'S, 6449'W, 
Paynter. 1992) 
Caluromys lanatus, 200 m 
Didelphis marsupialis, 200 m, 400 m (1 mi E 

of San Joaquin) 
Gracilinanus agilis, 200 m 
Lutreolina crassicaudata, ca. 200 m 
Monodelphis domestica, 200 m 
Philander opossum, ca. 200 m (W bank Rfo 
Machupo. 1 mi E of San Joaqufn) 
San Jorge. Rfo Negro, 15 km NNW; Durazno, 
Uruguay (3252'S, 5555'W, USBGN) 
Didelphis albiventris 
San Jose: Caldas. Colombia (0505'N, 7548'W, 
Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
San Jose, coast belt; Cauca. Colombia (0351'N, 
7652'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
San Jose: Manabf. Ecuador (0009'S, 8004'W, 
Baker. 1974) 
Chironectes minimus, 50 m 
San Jose (see San Jose Nuevo); Napo, Ecuador 
San Jose. Rfo Pilcomayo; Formosa, Argentina (ca. 
2515'S. 5815'W. Paynter, 1997) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata, ca. 100 m 
San Jose. Rfo Santa Rosa; Ayacucho, Peru (ca. 



284 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



1244'S, 7346'W, Stephens and Traylor, 
1983) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 3300 ft (= 1030 m) 
Philander andersoni, 1000 m 
San Jose (= San Jose de Chiquitos), Rio San Mi- 
guel; Santa Cruz, Bolivia (1751'S, 6047'W, 
Paynter, 1992) 
Didelphis albiventris, 297 m 
Lutreolina crassicaudata, ca. 300 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Micoureus constantiae 
San Jose; San Jose, Costa Rica (0956'N, 
8405'W, Geonet) 
Chironectes minimus 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Micoureus alstoni 
San Jose; Valle del Cauca, Colombia (0351'N, 
7652'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 115m 
Marmosa robinsoni, 115 m 
San Jose Abajo (see San Jose Nuevo); Napo, Ec- 
uador 
San Jose de Chiquitos (see San Jose, Rio San Mi- 
guel); Santa Cruz, Bolivia 
San Jose del Sacare; Chalatenango, El Salvador 
(1415'N, 8910'W, Gardner, 1973) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 3600 ft (= 1125 m) 
San Jose do Sumaco (see San Jose Nuevo); Napo, 

Ecuador 
San Jose Nuevo (= San Jose = San Jose de Su- 
maco = San Jose Abajo); Napo, Ecuador 
(0026'S, 7720'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 500-1000 m 
Marmosa rubra, 500-1000 m (San Jose Nuevo, 

near Volcan Sumaco, below) 
Marmosops impavidus, ca. 500-1000 m 
Marmosops noctivagus, ca. 3500 ft (= 1090 m) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus (0031'S, 7720'W) 
Micoureus regina, ca. 500-1000 m (Rio Napo) 
Philander andersoni 
San Juan; Cartago, Costa Rica (0954'N, 8400'W, 
USBGN) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Micoureus alstoni 
San Juan (= San Juan de Telpaneca = Telpaneca); 
Madriz, Nicaragua (1333'N, 8610'W, Geo- 
net) 
Philander opossum, 3500 ft (= 1090 m) 
San Juan; Pasco, Peru (0952'S, 7513'W, Geonet) 

Didelphis albiventris, ca. 275 m 
San Juan, Sandia; Puno, Peru (not precisely lo- 
cated) 
Didelphis marsupialis 



San Juan de Arama; Meta, Colombia (0326'N, 
7350'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Caluromys lanatus, 400 m 
Gracilinanus emiliae, 396 m, 400 m (0320'N, 
7353'W) 
San Juan de Colon (= Colon); Tachira, Venezuela 
(0802'N, 7216'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Monodelphis palliolata, 2500 ft (= 780 m) 
San Juan de la Punta; Veracruz-Llave, Mexico 
(1849'N, 9643'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Didelphis marsupialis, 400 ft (= 125 m) 
San Juan del Norte (see Greytown); Rio San Juan, 

Nicaragua 
San Juan de los Morros; Guarico, Venezuela 
(0955'N, 6721'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys philander 

Monodelphis brevicaudata (50 km from San 
Juan de los Morros) 
San Juan de Manapiare, Rio Manapiare; Amazon- 
as, Venezuela (0519'N, 6603'W, Perez-Her- 
nandez, 1989) 
Caluromys lanatus, 155 m 
Caluromys philander, 1 55 m 
Didelphis marsupialis, 155 m 
Marmosa murina, 155 m 
Micoureus demerarae, 155 m 
Philander andersoni, 150 m, 155 m 
San Juan de Nuevo Mundo (see San Juan Nuevo); 

Pando, Bolivia 
San Juan de Oxapampa (see Oxapampa); Pasco, 

Peru 
San Juan de Rioseco; Cundinamarca, Colombia 
(0451'N, 7438'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1303 m 
San Juan de Telpaneca (see San Juan); Madriz, 

Nicaragua 
San Juan Nepomuceno; Bolivar, Colombia 
(0957'N, 7505'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 167 m 
San Julian; Distrito Federal, Venezuela (ca. 
1037'N, 6650'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Caluromys philander, sea level 
Monodelphis palliolata, sea level 
San Lorenzo; Loreto, Peru (0449'S, 8012'W, 
Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 180 m 
Marmosa murina, 500 ft (= 150 m) 
San Lorenzo (see Sao Lourenco do Sul); Rio 

Grande do Sul, Brazil 
San Lourenco do Sul (see Sao Lourenco do Sul); 

Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil 
San Luis; Cusco, Peru (1306'S, 7225'W, Ste- 
phens and Traylor, 1983) 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



285 



Lestoros inca, 9(XX) ft (= 2800 m) (km 185 on 
OUantaytambo-Quellabamba Rd) 
San Luis de la Sierra; Chaco, Paraguay (not pre- 
cisely located) 
Didelphis albiventris 
San Marcos; Veracruz-Llave. Mexico (2012'N. 
9657'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 200 ft (= 60 m) 
Philander opossum. 2(X) ft (= 60 m) 
San Marque/. (= Puerto Marquez), Rio Pachitea; 
Huanuco, Peru (0932'S. 7456'W. Stephens 
and Tray lor. 1983) 
Marmosa lepida, ca. HX) m 
San Martin de Turumban. Rio Cuyuni; Bolivar. 
Venezuela (0659'N. 6102'W. Hershkovitz. 
1997) 
Monodelphis brevicaudata, 100 m 
Philander opossum, 100 m 
San Mateo; Lima. Peru (1147'S. 7618'W. Ste- 
phens and Tray lor. 1983) 
Didelphis albiventris, 3149 m 
San Mateo Yetla (see Yetla); Oaxaca, Mexico 
San Miguel; La Guajira. Colombia (1058'N, 
7329'W, Paynter. 1997) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
San Miguel. Palenque; Amazonas, Venezuela (not 
located) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
San Miguel, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta; La 
Guajira. Colombia (1058'N, 7329'W, Payn- 
ter, 1997) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
San Miguel de Tucuman (see Tucuman); Tucu- 
man, Argentina 
San Miguel Duenas (= Duenas); Suchitepequez, 
Guatemala (1431'N, 9048'W. Geonet) 
Philander opossum 
San Miguel Island (see Isla San Miguel); Panama. 

Panama 
San Miguel Rincon; Santa Cruz. Bolivia (1723'S, 
6332'W. Anderson et al., 1993) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 300 m 
Marmosops dorothea 
Philander opossum 
San Nicolas (see Mendoza); Amazonas, Peru 
San Pablo; Narino. Colombia (0106'N. 7801'W, 
Paynter. 1997) 
Micoureus regina, 1400 m 
San Pablo; Pasco. Peru (ca. 1027'S. 7452'W. 
Stephens and Tray Kir. 1983) 
Didelphis marsupialis. 900 ft (= 280 m) 
San Pablo: Tucuman. Argentina (2652'S. 
6519'W. Paynter. 1985) 



Lutreolina crassicaudata (11 km N of San Pab- 
lo) 
Thylamys venustus, ca. 500 m 
San Pablo. 1.5 km E of El Mojon; Beni, Bolivia 
(1352'S. 6536'W. Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Philander opossum (also at 1305'S, 6459'W) 
San Pablo Village; Beni. Bolivia (1305'S, 
6459'W. Anderson. 1997) 
Didelph is ma rsupialis 
San Pedro. 10 km W; Beni. Bolivia (1420'S. 
6455'W, Anderson. 1997) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
San Pedro; Misiones, Argentina (2638'S, 
5408'W, Paynter. 1985) 
Philander opossum 
San Pedro, above, at km 152, 72 km NE of Pau- 
cartambo; Cusco. Peru (ca. 1309'S, 7115'W, 
Pacheco et al., 1993) 
Marmosops impavidus, 1500 m 
Monodelphis adusta, 825-1500 m 
San Pedro (see San Pedro Sula); Cortes. Honduras 
San Pedro de Colalao; Tucuman. Argentina 
(2614'S. 6529'W, Flores et al., 2000) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Thylamys pusilla 
Thylamys pallidior 
Thylamys venustus 
San Pedro Montes de Oca: San Jose, Costa Rica 
(0956'N, 8403'W, Geonet and Gardner, 
1973) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
San Pedro Sula. 2 mi W. near Laguna Ticamaya; 
Cortes. Honduras (1530'N, 8802'W. Geo- 
net) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Philander opossum 
San Pedro Tapanatepec (see Tapanatepec); Oaxa- 
ca, Mexico 
San Rafael (see Puerto San Rafael); Itapua, Par- 
aguay 
San Rafael; Mendoza, Argentina (3437'S, 
6817'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Didelphis albiventris, 686 m 
San Rafael, 19 km SW of Villa Tunari; Cocha- 
bamba, Bolivia (Villa Tunari, ca. 1657'S, 
6524'W, Paynter. 1992) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
San Rafael; St. George. Trinidad and Tobago 
(1034'N, 6116'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 100 ft (= 30 m) 
San Rafael de Amboro: Santa Cruz, Bolivia 
(1736'S, 6336'W, Anderson et al., 1993) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 400 m 



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Marmosops noctivagus 

Monodelphis domestica (hunting camp, 
1739'S, 6348'W) 
San Rafael del Norte; Jinotega, Nicaragua 
(1313'N, 8607'W, Geonet) 
Marmosa mexicana, 5000 ft (= 1560 m) 
San Ramon (= Monte Chocolatal); Beni, Bolivia 
(1318'S, 6437'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Philander opossum (W bank Rio Machupo) 
San Ramon; Junfn, Peru (1108'S, 7520'W, Ste- 
phens and Tray lor, 1983) 
Caluromys lanatus, 820 m 
Didelphis marsupialis, 820 m 
Marmosa murina, 820 m 
Marmosops impavidus, 820 m, 1275 m 
Marmosops noctivagus, 820 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 2900 ft (= 900 m) 
San Ramon; Matagalpa, Nicaragua (not located) 

Chironectes minimus 
San Ramon; Santa Cruz, Bolivia (1733'S, 
6103'W, Herskovitz, 1997) 
Marmosops dorothea 
Philander opossum 
San Ramon de la Nueva Oran (= Oran), 24 km 
NW of Aguas Blancas; Salta, Argentina 
(2308'S, 6420'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata (2244'S, 6422'W) 
Micoureus constantiae 
Thylamys venustus, 362 m 
San Salvador de Jujuy (= Jujuy); Jujuy, Argentina 
(2411'S, 651 8' W, Paynter, 1985) 
Thylamys venustus, 1259 m 
San Sebastian (see San Sebastian de Rabago); 

Cesar, Colombia 
San Sebastian de Rabago (= San Sebastian); Ces- 
ar, Colombia (1034'N, 7336'W, Paynter, 
1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 2000 m, 2200 m 
San Sebastian de Yah (see Yalf); Jinotega, Nica- 
ragua 
Santa Ana; Cusco, Peru (ca. 1252'S, 7243'W, 
Stephens and Traylor, 1983) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1060 m 
Santa Ana; Loja, Ecuador (0414'S, 7917'W, 
USBGN) 
Micoureus regina 
Santa Ana; San Jose, Costa Rica (0956'N, 
8411'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus (2 km N of Santa Ana) 
Didelphis marsupialis 

Micoureus alstoni (2 km NW of Santa Ana) 
Philander opossum 
Santa Ana [Anna] de Chapada (see Chapada dos 
Guimaraes); Mato Grosso, Brazil 



Santa Ana Trail, between Zaruma and Loja; Loja, 
Ecuador (0371'S, 7925'W, Zaruma = 
0341'S, 7937'W, Loja = 0400'S, 7913'W, 
Geonet) 
Micoureus regina, 3650 ft (= 1140 m) 
Santa Barbara; Antioquia, Colombia (0625'N, 
7607'W, Geonet) 
Caenolestes convelatus, 2700 m, 2800 m, 3000 
m, 3100 m 
Santa Barbara; Jujuy, Argentina (2336'S, 
6504'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Gracilinanus agilis 

Thylamys venustus (2417'S, 6424'W, Flores et 
al., 2000) 
Santa Barbara (see Serra do Caraga); Minas Ger- 

ais, Brazil 
Santa Barbara; Santa Barbara, Honduras 
(1455'N, 8814'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Santa Cecilia; Napo, Ecuador (0003'N, 7658'W, 
Paynter, 1993) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Chironectes minimus 
Didelphis marsupialis, 340 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 340 m 
Micoureus regina 
Philander andersoni 
Santa Clara, Villa Bella Imperatriz; Amazonas, 
Brazil (0250'S, 5655'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Philander opossum 
Santa Clara del Mar; Buenos Aires, Argentina 
(3750'S, 5730'W, Geonet) 
Monodelphis dimidiata 
Santa Cruz; Barima-Waini, Guyana (0740'N, 
5945'W, Geonet) 
Philander opossum 
Santa Cruz; Loreto, Peru (0533'S, 7548'W, Ste- 
phens and Traylor, 1983) 
Marmosa lepida, 149 m (right bank Rio Hual- 
laga) 
Santa Cruz (= Hacienda San Pedro = Santa Cruz 
de Mora); Merida, Venezuela (0825'N, 
7139'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Micoureus demerarae, 950 m 
Monodelphis palliolata, 950 m 
Santa Cruz (see Santa Cruz de la Sierra); Santa 

Cruz, Bolivia 
Santa Cruz, right bank, mouth of Rio Eini, a trib- 
utary of Rio Jurua; Amazonas, Brazil (Rio 
Eiru = 0642'S, 6952'W, Paynter and Tray- 
lor, 1991) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Santa Cruz de Cafia (see Cana); Darien, Panama 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



287 



Santa Cruz, 27 km SE; Santa Cruz, Bolivia 
(1758'S, 63()3'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Marmosops dorothea 
Micoureus constantiae 
Monodelphis domestic a 

Philander opossum (15 km SW of Santa Cruz 
= 1754'S, 6326'W, 15 km S of Santa Cruz 
= 1753'S, 63()7'W) 
Santa Cruz de la Sierra (= Santa Cruz); Santa 
Cruz, Bolivia (1748'S, 6310'W, Paynter, 
1992) 
Caluromys lanatus 

Didelphis marsupialis, sea level (5 km from 
Santa Cruz on Rio Yapacani = 1750'S, 
6320'W), 600 m 
Marmosops dorothea, ca. 500 m (15 km S of 

Santa Cruz = 1753'S, 6307'W) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Micoureus constantiae, 480 m 
Monodelphis domestica 

Philander opossum (18 km SW of Santa Cruz) 
Thylamys pusilla 
Santa Cruz de Mora (see Santa Cruz); Merida, 

Venezuela 
Santa Domingo (see Inca Mines); Puno, Peru 
Santa Elena (see Hacienda Santa Elena); Huanu- 

co, Peru 
Santa Elena, Rio Samiria; Loreto, Peru (ca. 
0450'S, 7413'W, Stephens and Traylor, 
1983) 
Caluromys lanatus, 130 m 
Didelphis marsupialis, 130 m (0442'S, 

7412'W) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 100 m, 130 m 
Philander andersoni, ca. 130 m (0442'S, 
7412'W) 
Santa Elena de Guairen (see Santa Elena de Uair- 

en); Bolivar, Venezuela 
Santa Elena de Uairen (= Santa Elena de Guair- 
en); Bolivar, Venezuela (0437'N, 6108'W, 
Paynter, 1982) 
Marmosa murina 
Santa Fe; Santa Fe, Argentina (3138'S, 6042'W, 
Paynter, 1985) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Santa Fe, Rio Santa Maria; Veraguas, Panama 
(0831'N, 8105'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derhianus 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Santafe de Bogota (see Bogota); Cundinamarca, 

Colombia 
Santa Gertrudes, Araras; Para, Brazil (ca. 0322'S, 
5514'W, Hershkovitz files) 
Caluromys philander 



Santa Ines, 5 km ESE of Caripe; Monagas, Ve- 
nezuela (Caripe = 1012'N, 6329'W, Payn- 
ter. 1982) 
Marmosops fuscatus, 800 m 
Santa Isabel (see Tapurucuara); Amazonas, Brazil 
Santa Juana, 10 km NE of Quepos; San Jose, Cos- 
ta Rica (0931'N, 8407'W, Geonet) 
Philander opossum, 500 m 
Santa Lucrecia (see Jesus Carranza); Veracruz- 

Llave, Mexico 
Santa Luisa, Rio Nanay; Loreto, Peru (0335'S, 
7430'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 160 m 
Philander andersoni 
Santa Luzia; Minas Gerais, Brazil (1947'S, 
4352'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis albiventris, 681 m 
Santa Maria, Braganca; Para, Brazil (0103'S, 
4646'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Philander opossum 
Santa Maria, Mariscal Ramos Castilla; Loreto, 
Peru (not located) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Santa Maria da Serra; Sao Paulo, Brazil (2233'S, 
4810'W, USBGN) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Santa Maria de Itabira; Minas Gerais, Brazil 
(1927'S, 4308'W, USBGN) 
Didelphis aurita 
Santa Maria del Erebato; Bolivar, Venezuela 
(0458'N, 6450'W, Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Chironectes minimus 
Santa Maria de Ostuma; Matagalpa, Nicaragua 
(1257'N, 8558'W, USBGN) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1250 m 
Philander opossum, 1250 m 
Santa Marta; Magdalena, Colombia (1115'N, 
7413'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Chironectes minimus, sea level 
Didelphis marsupialis, sea level (Santa Marta 

region) 
Marmosa robinsoni, sea level 
Santa Marta, near Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta; 
Magdalena, Colombia (1114'N, 7405'W, 
Paynter, 1997) 
Caluromys lanatus, 4000 ft (= 1250 m) (near 
Bonda) 
Santa Marta, San Agustfn; Huila, Colombia 
(0156'N, 7632'W, Bublitz, 1987) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus, 2700 m 
Santana do Cariri; Ceara, Brazil (0711'S, 
3944'W, USBGN) 
Monodelphis domestica 



288 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Santana do Ipanema; Alagoas, Brazil (0922'S, 
3714'W, USBGN) 
Monodelphis domestica (Sitio Lagoinha) 
Santarem, right bank Rio Tapajos; Para, Brazil 
(0226'S, 5442'W, Paynter and Traylor, 
1991) 
Caluromys philander (Mojui dos Campos) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 15 m (Mojui dos Cam- 
pos) 
Gracilinanus emiliae, 51 m (mouth Rio Tapa- 
jos) 
Marmosa murina, 15 m (Mojui dos Campos) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Santa Rita, near Rio Manapire; Guarico, Vene- 
zuela (0608'N, 6615'W, Perez-Hernandez, 
1989) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Santa Rita (= Santa Rita do Weil), Tabatinga, left 
bank Rio Solimoes; Amazonas, Brazil 
(0329'S, 6919'W, Paynter and Traylor, 
1991) 
Marmosops noctivagus 
Santa Rita, right bank Rio Nanay, near Iquitos; 
Loreto, Peru (Iquitos = 0346'S, 7315'W, 
Stephens and Traylor, 1983) 
Caluromys lanatus, 20 m 
Didelphis marsupialis, 120 m 
Santa Rita, 2 km and 4 km NW; Jujuy, Argentina 
(2427'S, 6450'W, Flores et al., 2000) 
Thylamys venustus 
Santa Rita do Supucai; Minas Gerais, Brazil 
(2215'S, 4540'W, USBGN) 
Didelphis aurita 
Santa Rita do Weil (see Santa Rita); Amazonas, 

Brazil 
Santa Rosa; Beni, Bolivia (1301'S, 6511'W, 
Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Philander opossum 
Santa Rosa; Boaco, Nicaragua (1237'N, 8531'W, 
Geonet) 
Chironectes minimus, 300 m (7 km N, 15 km 

E of Boaca) 
Didelphis marsupialis (also at 7 km N, 15 km 
E of Boaca) 
Santa Rosa; Cartago, Costa Rica (ca. 0955'N, 
8351'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 2300 m 
Santa Rosa; El Oro, Ecuador (0327'S, 7958'W 
Paynter, 1993) 
Didelphis albiventris, ca. 100 m 
Didelphis marsupialis, ca. 100 m 
Marmosa robinsoni, ca. 100 m 
Santa Rosa; Mendoza, Argentina (3315'S, 
6809'W, Paynter, 1985) 



Thylamys pallidior 
Santa Rosa; Pando, Bolivia (1213'S, 6824'W, 
Anderson, 1997) 
Marmosops noctivagus (also at 8 km SW of 

Santa Rosa = 1216'S, 6827'W) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Santa Rosa; Pichincha, Ecuador (not located) 

Didelphis albiventris 
Santa Rosa, above Rio Pita; Pichincha, Ecuador 
(0020'S, 7826'W, Geonet) 
Caenolestes caniventer 
Santa Rosa, Alto Ucayali; Ucayali, Peru (1043'S, 
7353'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Philander opossum 
Santa Rosa, Mindo; Pichincha, Ecuador (Mindo 
= 0002'S, 7848'W, Paynter, 1983) 
Caenolestes convelatus 
Caenolestes fuliginosus, 9600 ft (= 3000 m) 
Santa Rosa, 1 km N of Merida; Merida, Venezue- 
la (Merida = 0836'N, 7108'W, Paynter, 
1982) 
Chironectes minimus, 1860 m 
Santa Rosa, 7 km N; Santa Cruz, Bolivia 
(1703'S, 6335'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Micoureus constantiae 
Philander opossum 
Santa Rosa de Huayabamba (= Guaiabamba = 
Guayabamba); Amazonas, Peru (0622'S, 
7725'W Stephens and Traylor, 1983) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 5500 ft (= 1700 m) 
Santa Rosa de Leales; Tucuman, Argentina 
(2709'S, 6515'W, Mares et al., 1966) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Santa Rosita, 3 mi S of Warnes; Santa Cruz, Bo- 
livia (1730'S, 6310'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosops dorothea 
Philander opossum 
Santa Teresa (= Mato do Larva d'Agua); Espfrito 
Santo, Brazil (1955'S, 4036'W, Paynter and 
Traylor, 1991) 
Chironectes minimus, 659 m 
Didelphis aurita, 659 m 
Philander frenata 
Santa Teresa (see Urucum); Mato Grosso do Sul, 

Brazil 
Santa Teresa, near San Ignacio; Misiones, Argen- 
tina (San Ignacio = 2716'S, 5532'W, Payn- 
ter, 1985) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata (30 km W of San Ig- 
nacio) 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



289 



Santa Teresa, Peralta; Cartago, Costa Rica 
(0956'N. 8347'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Santa Victoria (see El Breal); Salta, Argentina 
Santiago; Veraguas. Panama (08()6'N. 8059'W. 
Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Santiago; Santa Cruz, Bolivia (18 19'S. 5935'W, 
Anderson. 1997) 
Gracilinanus agilis 
Philander opossum 
Santiago de Chiquitos; Santa Cruz. Bolivia 
(1818'S, 5936'W, Anderson. 1997) 
Gracilinanus agilis, 700 m. 730 m 
Monodelphis domestica 
Santisma Trinidad (see Trinidad); Central. Para- 
guay 
Santo Antonio da Amatary (= Santo Antonio do 
Amaterei = Santo Antonio do Amateri); 
Amazonas. Brazil (ca. 300'S. 58WW. Voss 
et al.. 2001) 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Santo Antonio de Uayara, Rio Eiru; Amazonas, 
Brazil (0643'S, 6952'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Philander opossum 
Santo Antonio do Amaterei (see Santo Antonio 

da Amatary); Amazonas. Brazil 
Santo Antonio do Amateri (see Santo Antonio da 

Amatary); Amazonas, Brazil 
Santo Dios, 2 km NE of San Joaquin; Beni, Bo- 
livia (San Joaquin = 1304'S, 6449'W. 
Hershkovitz. 1997) 
Philander opossum 
Santo Domingo (= Santo Domingo Petapa). 
mountains near; Oaxaca. Mexico (1650'N. 
9509'W, Gardner, 1973, and Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Santo Domingo, Rfo Inambari (see Inca mines); 

Puno, Peru 
Santo Domingo (see Santo Domingo de los Co- 

lorados); Pichincha. Ecuador 
Santo Domingo; Santiago del Estero. Argentina 
(not located) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Santo Domingo de Bogota; Cundinamarca. Co- 
lombia (Bogota = 0424'N, 7433'W. 
USBGN) 
Micoureus alstoni 
Micoureus demerarae 
Santo Domingo de Guzman, Isthmus de Tehuan- 
tepec; Oaxaca. Mexico (1620'N. 9514'W. 
Geonet) 
Marmosa canescens 
Santo Domingo de los Colorados (= Santo Do- 



mingo); Pichincha, Ecuador (0015'S, 
7909'W, Paynter. 1993) 
Marmosa robinsoni, 1600 ft (= 500 m) 
Marmosops impavidus, 500 m 
Santo Domingo Petape (see Santo Domingo); Oa- 
xaca, Mexico 
Santo Isidoro. Tefe (= Lago de Tefe = Tefe); 
Amazonas. Brazil (0327'S. 6447'W. Hersh- 
kovitz. 1997) 
Metachiris nudicaudaius 
Philander opossum 
San Vicente de Chucurf; Santander. Colombia 
(0654'N. 7325'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 692 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus (0653'N, 7325'W) 
San Vito de Java; Puntarenas. Costa Rica 
(0850'N, 8258'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 900-1800 m 
Sao Bento; Goias, Brazil (1827'S, 5147'W, Avi- 
la Pires. 1968) 
Gracilinanus agilis 
Sao Domingos; Mato Grosso. Brazil (ca. 1330'S. 
5123'W. Paynter and Traylor. 1991) 
Didelphis albiventris, 457 m 
Sao Domingos do Prata: Minas Gerais. Brazil 
(1958'S. 4255'W, Varejao and Valle, 1982) 
Didelphis aurita 
Sao Felipe (see Joao Pessoa); Amazonas. Brazil 
Sao Francisco; Espfrito Santo. Brazil (1845'S. 
4053'W. Varejao and Valle. 1982) 
Didelphis aurita 
Sao Felipe (see Joao Pessoa); Amazonas, Brazil 
Sao Gabriel (see Uaupes); Amazonas. Brazil 
Sao Goncalo do Rio Abaixo (see Ciudade de Sao 
Goncalo do Rio Abaixo); Minas Gerais. Bra- 
zil 
Sao Goncalo dos Campos. 30 km SW of Feira de 
Santana; Bahia, Brazil (1225'S, 3858'W. 
Geonet) 
Marmosops incanus 
Sao Goncalo do Supacaf. Parque Estadual do Rio 
Doce (see Parque Estadual do Rfo Preto); Mi- 
nas Gerais. Brazil 
Sao Joao da Serra do Norte; Mato Grosso. Brazil 
(1645'S. 5303'W, Hershkovitz, 1992) 
Gracilinanus agilis 
Sao Joao de Jacutinga (see Caratinga); Minas 

Gerais. Brazil 
Sao Joao de Petropolis: Espfrito Santo. Brazil 
(1949'S. 4040'W. Paynter and Traylor. 
1991) 
Philander frenata 
Sao Joao do Monte Negro (= Montenegro); Rio 



290 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Grande do Sul, Brazil (2942'S, 5128'W, 
Paynter and Tray lor, 1991) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Sao Joao dos Patos; Maranhao, Brazil (0630'S, 
4342'W, USBGN) 
Didelphis albiventris, 220 m 
Sao Joao Marcos; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (2254'S, 
4358'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Marmosops incanus 
Philander frenata 
Sao Jose, near Faro (see Faro); Para, Brazil 
Sao Jose da Lagoa, Rio doce, upper Rio Piricaba 

(see Fazenda Almada); Bahia, Brazil 
Sao Lorenzo (see Sao Lourenco do Sul); Rio 

Grande do Sul, Brazil 
Sao Lourenco (see Sao Lourenco do Sul); Rio 

Grande do Sul, Brazil 
Sao Lourenco do Sul (= San Lorenzo = San Lou- 
renco do Sul = Sao Lourenco = Sao Lor- 
enzo); Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil (3122'S, 
5158'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Chironectes minimus, sea level 
Gracilinanus microtarsus, near sea level 
Lutreolina crassicaudata, sea level 
Monodelphis dimidiata, sea level 
Monodelphis sorex, sea level 
Sao Luis (= Maranhao); Maranhao, Brazil 
(0236'S, 4414'W, Paynter and Traylor, 
1991) 
Didelphis marsupialis, sea level 
Sao Luis de Caceres (see Caceres); Mato Grosso, 

Brazil 
Sao Marcus Road, Urucum; Mato Grosso do Sul, 
Brazil (Urucum = 1909'S, 5738'W, Paynter 
and Traylor, 1991) 
Monodelphis domestica 
Sao Miguel do Guama (see Guama); Para, Brazil 
Sao Miguel dos Campos; Alagoas, Brazil 
(0947'S, 3605'W, Paynter and Traylor, 
1991) 
Didelphis aurita, 40 m 
Sao Paulo; Sao Paulo, Brazil (2332'S, 4637'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis aurita, 580 m 
Gracilinanus microtarsus, 580 m 
Marmosops incanus, 600 m 
Philander frenata (2330'S, 4630'W) 
Sao Roque de Minas; Minas Gerais, Brazil 
(2020'S, 4623'W, Paynter and Traylor, 
1991) 
Didelphis albiventris, ca. 500 m 
Sao Sebastiao; Sao Paulo, Brazil (2348'S, 
4525'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Caluromys philander 



Gracilinanus microtarsus, near sea level 
Marmosops incanus, sea level 
Monodelphis scalops, sea level 
Philander frenata, sea level 
Sapitiba (see Sepetiba); Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 
Sapitibi (see Sepetiba); Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 
Sapoa; Rivas, Nicaragua (1115'N, 8538'W, Geo- 
net) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Philander opossum, 40 m 
Sapucai (= Sapucay); Paraguarf, Paraguay 
(2540'S, 5655'W, Paynter, 1989) 
Didelphis albiventris, ca. 220 m 
Gracilinanus agilis, ca. 220 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Micoureus demerarae, ca. 220 m 
Philander opossum 
Thylamys pusilla, ca. 220 m 
Sapucajuba (suburb of Belem) (see Belem); Para, 

Brazil 
Sapucay (see Sapucai); Paraguarf, Paraguay 
Sarayacu, Rio Bobonaza; Pastaza, Ecuador 
(0144'S, 7729'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Caluromys lanatus, 700 m 
Didelphis marsupialis, 700 m 
Marmosa lepida, 700 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Micoureus regina, 2500 ft (= 780 m) 
Philander andersoni, 450-500 m 
Sarayacu, left bank Rio Ucayali; Loreto, Peru 
(0644'S, 7506'W, Stephens and Traylor, 
1991) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 125 m 
Micoureus regina 

Philander opossum (0644'S, 7507'W) 
Sarcuta; Norte de Santander, Colombia (not lo- 
cated) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Sarmiento, vicinity of; Chubut, Argentina 
(4536'S, 6905'W, USBGN) 
Lestodelphys halli 
Sarmiento (= Los Sarmientos); Tucuman, Argen- 
tina (2724'S, 6541'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Didelphis albiventris, 4000 ft (= 1250 m) 
Sasaima; Cundinamarca, Colombia (0458'N, 
7426'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Saul; French Guiana (0337'N, 5312'W, Stephens 
and Traylor, 1985) 
Marmosa murina 
Saut, Tamanoir, Rio Mana; French Guiana 
(0509'N, 5345'W, Stephens and Traylor, 
1991) 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



291 



Savala (see Matagalpa); Matagalpa, Nicaragua 
Savana Grande (see Sabana Grande); Amazonas, 

Venezuela 
Savanillas de Pirns; San Jose, Costa Rica (there 
is a Pirn's in Puntarenas on the Pacific Coast, 
SW of San Jose = 0930'N, 8420'W. but Sa- 
vanillas de Pirn's not precisely located) 
Philander opossum 
Savanna Grande; St. George, Trinidad and Tobago 
(1018'N, 6122'W. USBGN) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Saynani; La Paz, Bolivia (1607'S, 6805'W, An- 
derson, 1997) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Seabra; Bahia, Brazil (1225'S, 4146'W, 
USBGN) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Marmosops incanus 
Seboyal (see Cebollal); Loja, Ecuador 
Segovia River (see Rio Coco); Honduras 
Selva Culata (= see La Culata); Merida, Vene- 
zuela 
Selva Oscura; Araucania, Chile (3822'S, 
7211'W, Geonet) 
Dromiciops gliroides, 305 m 
Selvas de San Camilo, 29 km SSW of Santo Do- 
mingo; Apure, Venezuela (0721'N, 7101'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1 99 1 ) 
Caluromys lanatus, 24 m 
Seminario Cora9ao de Jesus, Corupa; Santa Ca- 
tarina, Brazil, (Corupa = 2626'S, 4914'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1 99 1 ) 
Gracilinanus microtarsus 
Monodelphis sorex 
Sena Madureira; Acre, Brazil (0904'S, 6840'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Didelphis marsupialis, 135 m 
Senor do Bomfim (see Villa Nova); Bahia, Brazil 
Seno Reloncavi, 40 km S; Los Lagos, Chile 
(4136'S, 7250'W, Geonet) 
Dromiciops gliroides 
Sepetiba (= Sapitiba = Sapitibi); Rio de Janeiro, 
Brazil (2258'S, 4342'W, Paynter and Tray- 
lor, 1991) 
Didelphis aurita (2259'S, 4342'W) 
Philander frenata 
Seringal Altamira (see Altamira). right bank Rio 

Jurua; Amazonas. Brazil 
Seringal Condor, left bank Rfo Jurua; Amazonas, 
Brazil (0645'S. 7()51'W. Patton et al.. 2000) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosops impavidus 
Marmosops nocti vagus 



Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Micoureus demerarae 
Micoureus regina 
Monodelphis emiliae 
Philander mcilhennyi 
Serinsal Ocidente. right and left banks of Rio Ju- 
rua; Acre. Brazil (0834'S. 7248'W, Patton 
et al., 2000) 
Philander opossum 
Seringal Oriente (= Oriente); Acre, Brazil 
(0848'S, 7246'W, Paynter and Traylor, 
1991) 
Philander opossum (E bank Rio Jurua) 
Seringal Penedo, right bank Rio Jurua; Amazonas, 
Brazil (0818'S, 7109'W, Geonet) 
Philander mcilhennyi 
Seringal Sobral, left bank Rio Jurua; Acre, Brazil 
(0642'S, 7003'W, Geonet) 
Philander mcilhennyi 
Serinha (see Serrinha); Sao Paulo, Brazil 
Serra; Espirito Santo, Brazil (2007'S, 4018'W, 
Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Philander frenata 
Serra Boa Vista, Rio Ipiranga (see Boa Vista); Sao 

Paulo, Brazil 
Serra da Cantareira (= Cantareira = Cantareira 
Florestal Preserve); Sao Paulo, Brazil 
(2325'S, 4639'W, Paynter and Traylor, 
1991) 
Monodelphis iheringi 
Philander frenata (upper Rio Tiete) 
Serra da Lua; Roraima, Brazil (0215'N, 6045'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis marsupialis (near Boa Vista) 
Micoureus demerarae (near Boa Vista, Rio 
Branco) 
Serra de Ibiapaba (see Serra Ibiapaba); Ceara, 

Brazil 
Sena de Itatiaia; Sao Paulo, Brazil (2255'S, 
4528'W, Hershkovitz. 1997) 
Philander frenata 
Sena de Macae; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (2219'S, 
4220'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Monodelphis sorex 
Serra de Parintins; Amazonas, Brazil (0235'S, 
5625'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Philander opossum 
Serra de Tucuman; Tucuman, Argentina (not lo- 
cated) 
Thylamys pallidior 
Serra de Tumucamaque (= Tumucamaque); Ama- 
pa, Brazil (0220'N, 5500'W, Paynter and 
Traylor, 1991) 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 



292 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Serra do Bananal; Sao Paulo, Brazil (ca. 2245'S, 
4420'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis aurita 
Serra do Caraca (= Santa Barbara); Minas Gerais, 
Brazil (1908'S, 4330'W, Varejao and Valle, 
1982) 
Didelphis albiventris, 1950 m 
Serra do Herval (see Erval); Rio Grande do Sul, 

Brazil 
Serra do Japf, 7 km W of Jundiai; Sao Paulo, Bra- 
zil (2314'S, 4657'W, Patton and Da Silva, 
1997) 
Philander frenata 
Serra do Mar; Sao Paulo, Brazil (2325'S, 
4505'W, Hershkovitz, 1977) 
Didelphis aurita 
Serra do Navio; Amapa, Brazil (0059'N, 
5203'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Caluromys philander 
Didelphis marsupialis, ca. 100 m 
Marmosops pinheiroi, ca. 100 m (Rio Amapari) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus (Maraca) 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Philander opossum 
Serra dos Orgaos; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (2222'S, 
4245'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Chironectes minimus 
Didelphis aurita 
Gracilinanus microtarsus 
Marmosops incanus 
Monodelphis americana, 2318 m 
Monodelphis theresa, 2318 m 
Philander frenata (2256'S, 4332'W) 
Serra dos Parecis (= Chapadao dos Parecis); Mato 
Grosso, Brazil (1300'S, 6000'W, Paynter 
and Traylor, 1991) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Serra Ibiapaba (= Cerra de Ibiapaba = Cerra Ibia- 
paba = Ibiapaba = Serra de Ibiapaba); Ceara, 
Brazil (0503'S, 4055'W, Hershkovitz, 1992) 
Gracilinanus agilis, 300 m 
Monodelphis domestica, 900 m 
Serrania Bella Vista; La Paz, Bolivia (1541'S, 
6730'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Marmosops dorothea, 1525 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Serrania de Calilegua (= Calilegua Mountain = 
Cerro Calilegua); Jujuy, Argentina (2335'S, 
6455'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Didelphis albiventris, 2600 m 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Thylamys pallidior, 2000 m 
Thylamys venustus, ca. 2000 m 
Serrania de Copey, Margarita; Nueva Esparta, Ven- 



ezuela (lTOO'N, 6400'W, Perez-Hernandez, 
1989) 
Marmosa robinsoni, 800 m 
Serrania del Darien; Chocd, Colombia (ca. 
0825'-0830'N, 7730'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Monodelphis adusta, 0-1700 m 
Serrania del Turimiquire; Sucre, Venezuela 
(1003'N, 6354'W, Lopez-Fuster et al., 
2000) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Serrania de Macarena (see La Macarena); Meta, 

Colombia 
Serrania Sama; Tarija, Bolivia (2129'S, 6502'W, 
Paynter, 1992) 
Thylamys pallidior, 3200 m 
Serrinha; Bahia, Brazil (1139'S, 3900'W, Cer- 
queira, 1984) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Marmosops incanus 

Monodelphis domestica (Fazenda Cacua, Fa- 
zenda Oiteiro, and Fazenda Umburana = 
1332'S, 3936'W, USBGN) 
Serrinha (= Serinha); Sao Paulo, Brazil (2109'- 
2129'S, 5047'-4731'W, USBGN) 
Didelphis aurita 
"S. Franciso de C"; Minas Gerais, Brazil (not lo- 
cated) 
Philander opossum, 1580 m 
Shahuia; Ucayali, Peru (0952'S, 7401'W, Hersh- 
kovitz, 1997) 
Philander opossum, 312 m (Rio Ucayali, op- 
posite Cumana) 
Shintuya, right bank Rio Alto Madre de Dios; 
Madre de Dios, Peru (ca. 1240'S, 7113'W, 
Stephens and Traylor, 1983) 
Chironectes minimus, 420 m 
Sibube; Bocas del Toro, Panama (0936'N, 
8249'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Chironectes minimus 
Sierra de Aroa; Yaracuy, Venezuela (1026'N, 
6854'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 500 m 
Sierra de La Peregrina; Buenos Aires, Argentina 
(ca. 3755'S, 5742'W, Reig, 1964) 
Monodelphis dimidiata 
Sierra de La Tinta (= La Tinta); Buenos Aires, 
Argentina (3737'S, 5933'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Monodelphis dimidiata 
Sierra de Famatima (see Loma de Famatima); La 

Rioja, Argentina 
Sierra de la Ventana (= Abra de La Ventana); 
Buenos Aires, Argentina (3809'S, 6159'W, 
Paynter, 1985) 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



293 



M on odelph is dim idia ta 
Thylamys pallidior, 1 243 m 

Sierra de Merida; Merida, Venezuela (0840'N. 
7100'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Gracilinanus marica, 1600 m 
Sierra de Tilcara; Jujuy, Argentina (2335'S, 
6512'W, Floreset al., 2000) 
Thylamys pallidior, 4500 m 
Sierra Madre Oriental, E slope; Tamaulipas, Mex- 
ico (not preeisely located) 
Philander opossum 
Sierra Montanas (see Montanas de la Sierra); Me- 
rida, Venezuela 
Sierra Nahuelbuta (see Cerro Nahuelbuta); Los 

Lagos, Chile 
Sierra Negra, E of Villanueva; La Guajira, Co- 
lombia (1037'N, 7255'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Marmosa robinsoni, 1265 m 
Marmosops impavidus, 1265 m 
Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (see Palomino and 

Santa Marta); Magdalena, Colombia 
Sierra Nevada de Merida; Merida, Venezuela 
(0833'N, 7103'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 7500 ft (= 2340 m) 
Sierra Parima; Amazonas, Venezuela (0240'N, 
6430'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Philander andersoni, 200 m 
Sierra Santa Barbara (see Cerro Santa Barbara); 

Jujuy, Argentina 
Sierras de Medina; Tucuman, Argentina (2624'S, 
6507'W, USBGN) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Siguatepeque, Lempira; Honduras (1442'N, 
8838'W, Geonet) 
Chironectes minimus 
Simao Pereira; Minas Gerais, Brazil (2157'S, 
4320'W, Mustrangi and Patton, 1997) 
Marmosops incanus 
Sinche; Bolfvar, Ecuador (0132'S, 7859'W, 
Paynter, 1993) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus, 11000 ft (= 3400 m) 
Sinnamarey; Cayenne, French Guiana (0523'N, 
5257'W, Stephens and Traylor, 1985) 
Philander opossum 
Sinnamarey River; French Guiana (0527'N, 
5300'W, Stephens and Traylor, 1985) 
Didelphis alhiventris 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Sipaliwini Airstrip; Nickerie, Suriname (ca. 
0205'N, 5610'W, Stephens and Travlor 
1985) 
Caluromys philander 



Didelphis marsupialis 
Philander opossum 

Sipurio (= "Talamanca"); Limon, Costa Rica 
(0932'N, 8255'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derhianus 
Didelphis marsupialis 

Siquirres, Rio Pacuare; Limdn, Costa Rica 
(1006'N, 8331'W, Geonet) 
Micoureus alstoni 

Sitio Araruna, Missao Velha (see Missao Velha); 
Ceara, Brazil 

Sitio Barracao, Limoeira da Anadia (see Limoeira 
da Anadia); Alagoas, Brazil 

Sitio Belem, Bodoco (see Bodoco); Pernambuco, 
Brazil 

Sitio Boa Esperan?a de Jerico, Triunfo (see Triun- 
fo); Pernambuco, Brazil 

Sitio Borgens, Triunfo (see Triunfo); Pernambuco, 
Brazil 

Sitio Cachoeira Grande, Vicosa (see Vicosa); Al- 
agoas, Brazil 

Sitio Camara, Milagres (see Milagres); Ceara, 
Brazil 

Sitio Cana Brava de Jerico, Triunfo (see Triunfo); 
Pernambuco, Brazil 

Sitio Capuma, Palmeira dos Indios (see Palmeira 
dos Indios); Alagoas, Brazil 

Sitio Cereado, Jardim, Solonopole (see Solono- 
pole); Ceara, Brazil 

Sitio Cinta da Solidade, Missao Velho (see Missao 
Velho); Ceara, Brazil 

Sitio Constantino, Crato (see Crato); Ceara, Brazil 

Sitio Corredor do Vento, Triunfo (see Triunfo); 
Pernambuco, Brazil 

Sitio Dormiao, Palmeira dos Indios (see Palmeira 
dos Indios); Alagoas, Brazil 

Sitio Emboscada, Missao Velho (see Missao Vel- 
ho); Ceara, Brazil 

Sitio Lagoinha, Santana do Ipanema (see Santana 
do Ipanema); Alagoas, Brazil 

Sitio Lapinha, Missao Velho (see Missao Velho); 
Ceara, Brazil 

Sitio Macaco de Baixa Verde, Triunfo (see Triun- 
fo); Pernambuco, Brazil 

Sitio Novo, Triunfo (see Triunfo); Pernambuco, 
Brazil 

Sitio Oiti, Triunfo (also see Triunfo); Pernambuco, 
Brazil (0833'S, 3926'W, USBGN) 
Monodelphis domestica 

Sitio Olaria, Crato (see Crato); Ceara, Brazil 

Sitio Paus Preto, Bodoco (see Bodoco); Pernam- 
buco, Brazil 

Sitio Riacho Fundo, Garanhuns (see Garanhuns); 
Pernambuco, Brazil 



294 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Sitio Riveira, Palmeira dos indios (see Palmeira 

dos Indios); Alagoas, Brazil 
Sitio Sabia, Palmeira dos Indios (see Palmeira dos 

Indios); Alagoas, Brazil 
Sitio Sao Goncalo, Bodoco (see Bodoco); Per- 

nambuco, Brazil 
Sitio Sao Mateus, Triunfo (see Triunfo); Pernam- 

buco, Brazil 
Sitio Volta, Campo Sales (see Campo Sales); 

Ceara, Brazil 
Sitio Xique-Xique, Bodoco (also see Bodoco); 
Pernambuco, Brazil (0821'S, 3800'W, 
USBGN) 
Monodelphis domestica 
Soacha, San Miguel-Sibate; Cundinamarca, Co- 
lombia (0420'N, 7416'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus, 2600 m, 2630 m 
Sochi; Guerrero, Mexico (not located) 

Marmosa canescens 
Sobral, left bank Rio Jurua; Acre, Brazil (0822'S, 
7249'W, Patton et al., 2000) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Micoureus demerarae 
Micoureus regina 
Philander mcilhennyi 
Philander opossum 
Socorre; Cordoba, Colombia (0751'N, 7617'W, 
Paynter, 1997) 
Chironectes minimus, 100 m (upper Rio Sinu) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 100 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 100 m (Rio Sinu) 
Solonopole; Ceara, Brazil (0544'S, 3901'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Monodelphis domestica (Sitio Cereado) 
Solusuchiapa; Chiapas, Mexico (1726'N, 
9303'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Sonson; Antioquia, Colombia (0542'N, 7518'W, 
Paynter, 1997) 
Didelphis albiventris, 2400 m 
Didelphis marsupialis, 2545 m 
Sophie; French Guiana (0358'N, 5329'W, 
USBGN) 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Soure, Ilha de Marajo; Para, Brazil (0044'S, 
4831'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Monodelphis maraxina, ca. 10 m 
Soyalo; Chiapas, Mexico (1654'N, 9255'W, 
Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Speyside; Trinidad and Tobago (1118'N, 
6032'W, Geonet) 



Marmosa robinsoni 
St. Agustine; St. David, Trinidad and Tobago 
(1039'N, 6124'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Marmosops fuscatus 
St. Eugene; French Guiana (0451'N, 5304'W, 
USBGN) 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
St. George's; Grenada (1203'N, 6145'W, Geo- 
net) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Suapo (see Hacienda El Li'mon); Distrito Federal, 

Venezuela 
Suapure, left bank Rio Caura; Bolivar, Venezuela 
(0714'N, 6510'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Caluromys philander, ca. 200 m 
Marmosa murina, ca. 100 m 
Monodelphis brevicaudata, ca. 200 m 
Sucre; Chusquisaca, Bolivia (1902'S, 6517'W, 
Paynter, 1982) 
Thylamys venustus, 3000 m 
Sumidouro, near Rio de Janeiro; Minas Gerais, 
Brazil (2024'S, 4321'W, Paynter and Tray- 
lor, 1991) 
Marmosops paulensis, ca. 700 m 
Summit; Panama, Panama (0904'N, 7939'W, 
Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Sumwood Channel, Isla Popa; Bocas del Toro, 
Panama (0909'N, 8209'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Sunchal, Sierra de Santa Barbara; Jujuy, Argen- 
tina (2416'S, 6427'W, Geonet) 
Thylamys venustus, 1200 m 
Supacay (see Sapucaf) 

Supenaam River; Pomeroon-Supenaam, Guyana 
(0659'N, 5831'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys philander 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosa murina 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Philander opossum (0658'N, 5831'W) 
Surama, 30 km NE; Potaro-Sipaliwini, Guyana 
(0410'N, 5905'W, Paynter and Traylor, 
1985) 
Philander opossum 
Micoureus demerarae 
Surco; Lima, Peru (1152'S, 7628'W, Stephens 
and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis albiventris, 2018 m, 2050 m 
Thylamys pallidior, 6700 ft (= 2090 m) 
Suriname (no specific locality) 
Chironectes minimus 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



295 



Tabacal; Salta, Argentina (2316'S, 6415'W, 
Geonet) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Tabay; Merida, Venezuela (0838'N, 7104'W, 
Paynter, 1982) 
Didelphis albiventris, 3 1 55 m 
Didelphis marsupialis, 1710 m, 2100 m 
Gracilinanus dr\as 
Tabernilla; Panama, Panama (0907'N, 7949'W, 
Wenzel and Tipton, 1966) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Philander opossum 
Tablada (= Tallada); Tarija, Bolivia (2133'S, 
6447'W, Hershkovitz, 1997) 
Gracilinanus agilis, 2000 m 
Thylamys venustus, 2000 m 
Tablas Monte, 9.5 km NE; Cochabamba, Bolivia 
(1702'S, 6559'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Marmosops noctivagus 
Micoureus constantiae 
Tablas Monte, 4.4 km N; Cochabamba, Bolivia 
(1704'S, 6601'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Marmosops noctivagus 
Micoureus constantiae 
Monodelphis osgoodi 
Tablahuasi occidente, 8 km W of Quito; Pichin- 
cha, Ecuador (Quito = 0013'S, 7830'W, 
Paynter, 1993) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus 
Tabori; Bocas del Toro, Panama (not located) 

Philander opossum 
Tacarcuna (= Tocarcuna); Darien, Panama (near 
Panama-Colombia border) (0805'N, 7717'W, 
Gardner, 1973) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Chironectes minimus, 1950 ft (= 610 m) 
Didelph is ma rsup ia lis 

Marmosops invictus, 2700 ft (= 840 m) (Ta- 
carcuna Casita Camp), 4000 ft (= 1500 m) 
(Tacarcuna Laguna Camp) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 2650 ft (= 830 m), 

879 m (Tacarcuna Village Camp) 
Monodelphis adusta, 1950 ft (= 610 m), 2000 
ft (= 625 m) (also at Tacarcuna Village 
Camp) 
Tacarigua; Nueva Esparta, Venezuela (lTOO'N, 
6400'W, Perez-Hernandez, 1989) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Tacuati; San Pedro, Paraguay (2327'S, 5635'W, 
Paynter, 1989) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus (Aca Poi, S bank Rio 
Ypanf) 



Philander opossum 
Tafi del Valle; Tucuman, Argentina (2652'S, 
6541'W, Paynter, 1985) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Thylamys pallidior, ca. 2000 m 
Tafi Viejo (= Cerro de Tafi Viejo); Tucuman, Ar- 
gentina (2644'S, 6516'W, Mares et al., 1996) 
Lutreolina crassicaudata 
Thylamys venustus 
Taganga; Magdalena, Colombia (1116'N, 
7412'W, Paynter, 1997) 
Marmosa robinsoni, sea level 
Takama (= Comaccka = Comackka = Coom- 
acka); East Demerara-West Coast Berbice, 
Guyana (0534'N, 5755'W, Geonet) 
Marmosa murina, 50 ft (= 15 m) (180 mi up 

Demerara River) 
Micoureus demerarae, 160 ft (= 50 m) 
"Talamanca" (= see Sipurio), from Limon to 

Panama border; Limon, Costa Rica 
Tale, 2 mi NE; Chiriqui, Panama (0815'N, 
8141'W, Gardner, 1973) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Talisman (see El Talisman); Chiapas, Mexico 
Tallada (see Tablada); Tarija, Bolivia 
Tamanoir; French Guiana (0509'N, 5345'W, Ste- 
phens and Traylor, 1985) 
Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Tamara (= La Tirana), Rio Nechi; Antioquia, Co- 
lombia (0722'N, 750O'W, Hershkovitz files) 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 530 m 
Tamatama, N bank Rio Orinoco; Amazonas, Ve- 
nezuela (0309'N, 6550'W, Paynter, 1982) 
Caluromys lanatus 
Caluromys philander, 1 35 m 
Didelphis marsupialis, 100-135 m 
Marmosa murina, 135 m 
Metachirus nudicaudatus, 135 m 
Monodelphis brevicaudata, 130-135 m 
Philander andersoni, 135 m (0308'N, 
6552'W) 
Tamazunchale; San Luis Potosi, Mexico 
(2116'N, 9847'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Tambapu (= Tambaii); Sao Paulo, Brazil 
(2142'S, 4716'W, Geonet) 
Micoureus demerarae 
Tambaii (see Tambapu); Sao Paulo, Brazil 
Tambi (see Tanabi); Sao Paulo, Brazil 
Tambillo; Cajamarca, Peru (ca. 0610'S, 7845'W, 
Stephens and Traylor, 1983) 
Marmosa robinsoni, 5800 ft (= 1800 m) 
Tambillo, 3 km S; Pichincha, Ecuador (0025'S, 
7832'W. Paynter, 1993) 



296 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Didelphis albiventris, 2785 m 
Tambo, 2.5 km N; Santa Cruz, Bolivia (1800'S, 
6428'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Thylamys venustus 
Tambo Almirante, near Uchco [Uscho]; San Mar- 
tin, Peru (ca. 0608'S, 7720'W, Stephens and 
Traylor, 1983) 
Marmosops impavidus, 2030 m 
Tambo Carrizal, 40 km S of Chachapoyas; Araa- 
zonas, Peru (ca. 0647'S, 7752'W, Stephens 
and Traylor, 1983) 
Marmosops noctivagus, 9000 ft (= 2000 m) 
Tambopata; Madre de Dios, Peru (1236'S, 
69H"W, Stephens and Traylor, 1983) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Tambo Ventija (see Ventilla); Amazonas, Peru 
Tambor, left bank Rfo Jau; Amazonas, Brazil (ca. 
0230'S, 6400'W, Patton et al., 2000) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Marmosops noctivagus 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Micoureus demerarae 
Tanabi (= Tambi); Sao Paulo, Brazil (2037'S, 
4937'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys philander 
Tangoshari, 2 km SW of Rio Pangoreni; Cusco, 
Peru (1146'S, 7326'W, Patton et al., 2000) 
Micoureus demerarae, 1000 m 
Tapacari; Cochabamba, Bolivia (1731'S, 
6636'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Tapaiuna, right bank Rio Tapajos; Para, Brazil 
(0254'S, 5505'W, Paynter and Traylor, 
1991) 
Caluromys philander 
Tapajos; Roraima, Brazil (not located) 

Monodelphis brevicaudata 
Tapaliza, near Cerro Tacarcuna; Darien, Panama 
(0759'N, 7726'W, Wenzel and Tipton, 
1966) 
Marmosa robinsoni 
Tapanahoni, Paloemeu; Sipaliwini, Suriname 
(0422'N, 5427'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 210 m 
Tapanatepec (= San Pedro Tapanatepec); Oaxaca, 
Mexico (1621'N, 9412'W, Geonet) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Philander opossum 
Tapecua; Tarija, Bolivia (2126'S, 6355'W, An- 
derson, 1997) 
Didelphis albiventris 
Monodelphis kunsi 
Thylamys venustus 



Taperinha; Para, Brazil (0232'S, 5417'W, Payn- 
ter and Traylor, 1991) 
Monodelphis emiliae, ca. 15 m 
Tapia; Panama, Panama (0904'N, 7925'W, Geo- 
net) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Tapia; Tucuman, Argentina (2336'S, 6518'W, 
Paynter, 1985) 
Thylamys pallidior, 689 m 
Thylamys pusilla 
Tapikiole (see Estancia Tapikiole); Formosa, Ar- 
gentina 
Tapirapoan (see Tapirapua); Mato Grosso, Brazil 
Tapirapua (= Tapirapoan = Tapirapuan), Rio Se- 
potuba; Mato Grosso, Brazil (1451'S, 
5745'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Caluromys philander 
Metachirus nudicaudatus 
Tapirapuan (see Tapirapua); Mato Grosso, Brazil 
Tapua, a few mi E of Asuncion; Central, Paraguay 
(Asuncion = 2516'S, 5740'W, Paynter, 
1989) 
Thylamys macrura 
Tapurucuara (= Santa Isabel); Amazonas, Brazil 
(0024'S, 6502'W, Paynter and Traylor, 
1991) 
Didelphis marsupialis, 70 m 
Taquara (= Taquara do Mundo Novo); Rio 
Grande do Sul, Brazil (2939'S, 5047'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis albiventris, 29 m 
Didelphis aurita, 29 m 
Gracilinanus microtarsus, 29 m 
Monodelphis dimidiata, 29 m 
Monodelphis iheringi, 29 m 
Monodelphis sorex, 29 m 
Philander opossum (2931'S, 5047'W) 
Taquara do Mundo Novo (see Taquara); Rio 

Grande do Sul, Brazil 
Taquari River Valley (= Rio Taquari); Rio Grande 
do Sul, Brazil (Taquari = 2948'S, 5151'W, 
Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Didelphis albiventris, 76 m 
Tarabuco, 12 km N and 1 km E; Chuquisaca, Bo- 
livia (1904'S, 6449'W, Anderson, 1997) 
Didelphis albiventris, 2450 m 
Thylamys pusilla (also at 1988'S, 6449'W and 
1910'S, 6456'W) 
Taraguacocha, Cordillera de Chilla; El Oro, Ec- 
uador (0340'S, 7940'W, Paynter, 1993) 
Didelphis albiventris, 9750 ft (= 3040 m) 
Tarapoto, 28 km NE; San Martin, Peru (0630'S, 
7625'W, Stephens and Traylor, 1983) 
Caluromys lanatus, 750 m 



BROWN: ATLAS OF NEW WORLD MARSUPIALS 



297 



Tarija: Tarija. Bolivia (2131'S, 6445'W, Paynter. 
1992) 
Thylamys venustus, 6700 ft (= 2090 m) 
Tarma; Junin, Peru (1125'S, 7542'W. Stephens 
and Tray lor, 1983) 
Chironectes minimus 
Didelphis albiventris, 8000 ft (= 2500 m) (17 

km below Tarma) 
Marmosops juninensis 
Tartagal; Salta. Argentina (2232'S, 6349'W. 
Paynter, 1985) 
Monodelphis dimidiata 

Thylamys venustus, 502 m (27 km E of Tarta- 
gal) 
Tatamalas (= Tatemeles): Sinaloa. Mexico (not 
located) 
Marmosa canescens 
Tatemeles (see Tatamalas); Sinaloa. Mexico 
Tauari (= Tauary), Rio Tapajos; Para. Brazil 
(0305'S, 5506'W, Paynter and Traylor. 
1983) 
Didelphis marsupialis, ca. 25 m 
Tauary (see Tauari); Para. Brazil 
Taulis; Cajamarca. Peru (ca. 0654'S. 7903'W. 
Stephens and Traylor. 1983) 
Marmosops impavidus, 9000 ft (= 2800 m) 
Teapa; Tabasco. Mexico (1733'N, 9257'W. Geo- 
net) 
Caluromys derbianus 

Chironectes minimus (2 mi NW of Teapa) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Philander opossum ( 1 9 mi N of Teapa) 
Teapa; Veracruz-Llave. Mexico (1724'N. 
9252'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Tefe (see Santo Isidoro); Amazonas. Brazil 
Tegucigalpa; Francisco Morazan. Honduras 
(1406'N. 8713'W. Geonet) 
Chironectes minimus 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Tehuacan: Puebla. Mexico (1827'N. 9723'W, 
Geonet) 
Marmosa canescens, 1700 m 
Tehuantepec: Oaxaca. Mexico (1620'N. 9514'W. 
Geonet) 
Marmosa canescens 
Tekom; Yucatan. Mexico (2039'N. 8758'W. 4 
localities listed within a few km of each oth- 
er. Geonet) 
Philander opossum 
Telpaneca (see San Juan): Madriz. Nicaragua 
Temuco: Araucania. Chile (38 C 44'S 7~ >C WW 
USBGN) 
Dromiciops gliroides, ! 



Teniente Ochoa; Nueva Asuncion, Paraguay 
(21 S 42'S. 6102'W. USBGN) 
Thylamys pusilla 
Tenochtitlan; Veracruz-Llave, Mexico (1745'N, 
9445'W. coordinates given on specimen tag) 
Didelphis marsupialis 
Philander opossum, 60 m 
Teocelo: Veracruz-Llave, Mexico (1923'N, 
9658'W. Geonet) 
Philander opossum, 4000 ft (= 1250 m) 
Teofilo Otoni; Minas Gerais, Brazil (1751'S, 
41 C 30'W. Paynter and Traylor. 1991) 
Didelphis aurita, 318 m 
Tepic; Nayarit. Mexico (2130'N, 10454'W, Geo- 
net) 
Marmosa canescens, 3000 ft (= 930 m) 
Terebinto; Santa Cruz, Bolivia (1743'S, 6323'W, 
Geonet) 
Micoureus constantiae 
Teresinha (= Terezinha); Amapa, Brazil (0058'N, 
5202'W, Paynter and Traylor, 1991) 
Philander opossum (Rio Amapari) 
Teresopolis (= Theresopolis = Therezopolis = 
Fazenda Boa Vista); Rio de Janeiro. Brazil 
(2226'S, 4259'W, Paynter and Traylor, 
1991) 
Caluromys philander, 902 m (2227'S, 

4257'W) 
Chironectes minimus 
Didelphis aurita, 902 m. 951 m 
Gracilinanus microtarsus, 902 m. 950 m 
Marmosops incanus, 902 m 
Marmosops paulensis 

Metachirus nudicaudatus (2227'S, 4257'W) 
Monodelphis americana, 902 m 
Monodelphis scalops, 902 m 
Monodelphis theresa, 902 m, 3800 ft (= 1180 

m), 4000 ft (= 1250 m) 
Philander frenata, 3000 ft (= 930 m) (2227'S, 
4257'W) 
Termales de Ruiz. Manizales; Caldas, Colombia 
(0454'N. 7518'W, Patterson and Albuja, 
1996) 
Caenolestes fuliginosus, 3100-3300 m 
Terezinha (see Teresinha); Amapa. Brazil 
Teustepe (= Tuestepe); Boaco, Nicaragua 
(1225'N, 8548'W, Geonet) 
Caluromys derbianus 
Chironectes minimus, 140 m 
Philander opossum, 140 m 
Texolo. first pueblo of Teocleo: Veracruz-Llave, 
Mexico (Teocelo = 1923'N, 9858'W, Geo- 
net) 
Marmosa mexicana 



298 



FIELDIANA: ZOOLOGY 



Theresopolis (see Teresopolis); Rio de Janeiro, 

Brazil 
Therezopolis (see Teresopolis); Rio de Janeiro, 

Brazil 
Thermas de San Luis, 30 km E of Pucon; Arau- 
cania, Chile (Pucon = 3916'S, 7158'W, 
Geonet) 
Dromiciops gliroides, 600 m 
Ticrapo; Huancavelica, Peru (1321'S, 7525'W, 
Steph